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DIY Aquarium Lighting, LED Lights in Aquarium


DIY Aquarium Lighting, LED Lights in Aquarium
One of the key moments of maintaining a healthy, beautiful aquarium with lush aquarium plants is LIGHTING!!! Highlights of the selection of aquarium lighting have already been covered on FanFishka.ru, in this ARTICLE. Here, I would like to share with the reader my experience of creating a high-grade, high-quality lighting for an aquarium with live aquarium plants.
So, we will discuss the creation of mixed lighting: the installation of LED spotlights (hereinafter referred to as “SD projector”) in a plastic aquarium cover and a T5 fluorescent lamp (hereinafter “LL T5”). Also in this article we will consider the installation of coolers in the aquarium to cool the water in the summer.
CONSIDER ALL QUESTIONS BY ORDER:
- What is mixed lighting, why is it needed, what are the advantages?
- Why exactly the LED spotlight? -
- Why precisely in the cover?
- Why do I need a T5 lamp?
- Choosing a CD projector?
- What do you need to create lighting with your own hands?
- The process of assembling aquarium lighting in the home.
- How much is it?
- Is it worth bothering? What is the effect? What is mixed lighting, why is it needed, what are the advantages?

MIXED LIGHTING - It is a combination of different sources of lighting. A good example of such lighting is the ADA Solar I luminaire, where Takashi Amano combines a metal halide floodlight MH-HQI 150W with two LL T5 lamps of 36 watts each.
In general, if we talk about high-quality aquarium lighting, then in my opinion a metal halide spotlight (hereinafter - MG) in combination with LL is the best option. Such lighting "breaks through" even the deepest aquariums, the characteristics of such lighting as close as possible to natural, natural lighting. Well, and a visual row, you just will please - sparkling glare of waves at the bottom of the aquarium, the shadows of plants and fish, natural, rich colors. Why do you need such mixed lighting? It's very simple to recreate the "effect of the sun" in your aquarium: the effect of sunrise, zenith and sunset.
Agree, the Sun does not fry 24 hours a day, the maximum intensity of sunlight is observed only during the day - at lunchtime. The rest of the time, the Sun either rises or sets, the intensity of illumination gradually increases and then decreases.
Approximately the same effect can be achieved with a mixed luminaire (lighting), when LL T5 (sunrise) is switched on first, then a searchlight (zenith) is added for 3-4 hours, and then (LL T5) again work (sunset).
The advantages of such lighting are clear:
1. Aquarium plants get the most natural light. Set a certain rhythm.
2. Prevention of algal outbreak. Powerful, long-lasting, and even more so illumination leads to the "greening" of the aquarium. It is only necessary to create a peak of activity of lighting, and not to “fry” an aquarium for 12 hours a day.
3. At the same time, the presence of powerful, directional and high-quality lighting in sufficient quantities is the key to success!
Why LED led spotlight? Why precisely in the cover? The only significant drawback of the metal halide lamp is that it heats up very much !!! Alas, such lighting can be used only in open aquariums (without a cover), at a distance of at least 30 cm from the surface of the water, while using hangers or stoics for the lamp.
When I decided the question of what kind of lighting would be in my aquarium, I proceeded from the assumption that the aquarium would be closed (with a lid). Firstly, the spouse wanted so much))), secondly, I agreed with her that the aquarium with the lid looks at home, as it is more comfortable, plus at home cats who watch Aqua-TV every evening, and all the same, the house is not an exhibition center and not an ADA laboratory ... metal halide spotlights in a house are a bust! But, here everyone decides for himself ... my opinion is not a dogma.
So, an analogue of the metal-halogen spotlight is the LED. Immediately I will note the word "analog" in quotes ... yet there is a significant difference. First, LED lighting, in contrast to the MG discrete. Discreteness (from the Latin. discretus - divided, intermittent) - a property opposed to continuity, discontinuity. To explain on the fingers, below the photo example, what a continuous and discrete spectrum looks like.

Thus, we see that the spectrum of LEDs, to put it mildly, is not the best. And the thing is, not even in the peaks of red and blue, namely, that aquarium plants in fact, in the process of photosynthesis, absorb the entire visible spectrum, and it is deficient in diabetes.
What is the similarity between MG and SD, you ask? Why initially do such "poor-quality" lighting? The answers to these questions will reveal the benefits of CD spotlights.
1. Like the metal halide spotlight, the LED has directional lighting. That is, the efficiency of LEDs is much higher than, for example, in fluorescent lamps, the effective use of which is possible only with reflectors. Speaking in everyday language, the SD and MG prozhetory "beat" in one direction, and not "sprayed" at all. It is this property that makes it possible to “pierce” MG and SD spotlights the deepest aquariums and the water column of 60 centimeters or more.
2. Unlike MG, the LED spotlight does not emit excessive heat. Checked !!! From the front side, the LED searchlight does not heat up at all, and the back part heats up, but is tolerable (tolerable for a hand and a plastic cover). Some aquarists are advised to put a cooler on the CD for heat, but so far even now, when it's 36 on the street, I see no need for that. Again, this is not a constant, everyone has their own specifics.
3. LED lighting is by far the most economical lighting. You will save 3, 10 times on electricity.
4. A significant drawback, for example, of fluorescent lamps, is their flickering with a frequency that is noticeable even to the eye. In this connection, with a long-term effect of LL on a person, his eyes very quickly get tired. LED lamps are powered by direct current, so they have no flickering.
5. Other positive aspects of diabetes: safety (work at low voltage, which is important for the aquarium business) and long life (up to 100,000 hours).
Why do I need a T5 lamp? From the fact that T5 fluorescent lamps are better than T8, I think they already know a lot, so I will not focus on this particular attention here.
I used LL T5 in my case, firstly, to create mixed lighting, and secondly, to make up for the discreteness of the LED spectrum.
Namely, the so-called lamp "Full spectrum" was used.

Fluorescent lamp for the aquarium, designed to provide intensive lighting. The JBL Solar Ultra Color T5 lamp has increased power compared to standard T8 lamps and has a full range of colors.
When using a JBL Solar Ultra Color lamp in an aquarium, you will gain increased red and blue color transmission of aquarium fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Having a higher proportion of red and blue in the spectrum, the JBL Solar Ultra Color aquarium lamp stimulates the synthesis of chlorophylls, which in turn speeds up the process of photosynthesis.
Naturally, this lamp was installed with a reflector / reflector. I note that I wanted to initially install 2 such lamps, for uniform lighting and good power, but alas, the dimensions of the cover did not allow to do this.
The choice of LED spotlight
To the selection and acquisition of LED spotlight must be treated with special scruples. This is a very important and expensive moment, without paying enough attention to that, you can simply throw your money away.
Since I am a pioneer on FanFishka, I had to subtract a lot of information, review a lot of characteristics of various projectors and LED panels, collect scant information on forums and talk with a few experts on the LED case.
And so, what conclusion was made! Per 100-110 l. Aquarium, net volume need:

1. Two LED spotlights. Since they have a directional light and one, albeit a more powerful searchlight does not cover the entire area of ​​the bottom and the reservoir as a whole.
If the cover allows, you can put three spotlights (of lesser power), which will give you more confidence that the spotlights will not burn quickly. Alas, the repair of SD-spotlights are not subject. Less powerful spotlights heat less, respectively, the risks are reduced. At the same time, the smaller the watt of diabetes, the less its “penetrating” ability and its other characteristics, too. In general, all you need to calculate and estimate.
2. Everyone knows that LED lighting is much more powerful than the nominal. That is, the power of LEDs in watts to measure at least not correctly.
So I asked the question, but how many watts then is needed in my aquarium. To believe sellers in the market who say: "Multiply by three years and there will be those real vats" - stupid! In general, I had to rummage in this matter and find clearer information.
And the truth is quite simple, lighting, in addition to watts, has a lot of characteristics, including the so-called Lumens - is the amount of light emitted / emitted by the light source. A light source with a luminous flux of 1 lumen, which uniformly illuminates any surface of 1 square meter, creates on it (surfaces) an illumination of 1 lux.
Experienced, aquarists have found that for a good herbalist, for the Dutch and Amanovo aquarium, you need 40-50 lumens per liter of pure water.
The task was solved and the choice of searchlights became extremely specific - you need two searchlights so that in the sum of their Lumens they give 50 Lm / l.
3. And the last two important points when choosing a CD projector are all the same: spectrum and Kelvin.
As it turned out, the searchlights were full of variety: there was a warm glow, a cold glow, I even came across RGB searchlights (and for a long time I understood what that kind of thing was))). But, we only need one searchlight - with a spectrum as close as possible to daylight. This type of LED has the best characteristics.
Kelvin (K) - this is the color temperature of any light source. This is the measure of our impression of the color of this light source. For maintenance of aquarium plants, it is recommended from 6500 to 8000 K.

What do you need to create lighting in the aquarium with your own hands and how much will it cost?

First, you need skillful hands, without them in any way))) As well as tools, preferably: drill, electric jigsaw, Bulgarian, other small tools (screwdrivers, keys, pliers, etc.). If you do not have a jigsaw or grinder, do not despair. You just have to do everything "manually", for example, with a hacksaw or sawing.
I "modernsirval" aquarium cover TM "Nature" (plastic, with two integrated LL T8, ballast and starters), like this: Acquired two CD prozhetora 30W, TM "Feron" model LL 730. Features: daylight 6500K, 2850 lumen (by the way, 2 SD * 2850Lm = 5700Lm / 110l.vody = 51.8lm / l).
Acquired Aquaelev electronic starter for LL T5. Such a choice was made in order to minimize the "stuffing" of the aquarium cover, the place under which is worth its weight in gold.
Acquired previously voiced T5 lamp JBL Solar Ultra Color T5, 28 W, 60 cm. + reflector.

Socket - voltage relay.
It is necessary for safety and the prevention of power surges. In such an outlet, voltage limits are set, after which the equipment is de-energized. Sockets timers (2 pcs.). Required for automatic on / off lighting. It makes life easier and clearly controls the time of the filing of a particular lighting. Electronic sockets-timers were purchased for lighting, since, unlike mechanical ones, they do not go astray. For example, when the network is de-energized, they “remember everything” and after the resumption of power supply, they work according to a predetermined schedule. To install coolers (fans), you will need: 2-a computer cooler for 12W and a voltage adapter, respectively, 12W. I purchased an adapter with a switch W from 0 to 12 W, it is convenient to reduce or increase the speed of rotation of the coolers and, accordingly, the degree of cooling. And also to reduce noise, if necessary.


You will also need: Silicone (building and aquarium), fasteners (bolts, nuts, screws), tie-holders for spotlights (preferably aluminum, so as not to rust), wires (strong and three-core), needed to connect spotlights, coolers, plugs for spotlights with ground connection.



The process of assembling aquarium lighting The process of assembling and installing aquarium lighting with their own hands is different for everyone, since everyone has different covers. I will describe my process.
1. First, connect the power cord and plug to the spotlights. From the spotlight comes a three-core wire (with ground), respectively, you need to attach to it the same wire. Do not listen to "smart sellers" in the building supermarkets. When I bought the wire I was told, they say: "What are you ... / censored /, grounding the searchlight." In general, trust only yourself and reliable information, and not “woe to the specials”, who, perhaps, understand only cheap vodka.
Photo can be increased paint







2. Next, remove all the "old insides" cover.
3. Make the layout and cut out the holes for the spotlight. This manipulation must be done very carefully, so that the illumination of the spotlights will be uniform - throughout the aquarium.
4. Install the spotlights and fix them with a tie and fasteners.
5. All silicone and seal. Remove special attention to metal parts (if used), make good silicone so that rust does not get into the aquarium.
6. After checking the performance and proceed to the installation of coolers.
7. Making holes for coolers in opposite sides of the cover.
8. Mount the cooler. One cooler is placed on blowing, the other on blowing. Silicone
9. Connect the cooler to the adapter, check the performance.
10. After all the wires stretch around the perimeter of the cover and fasten with silicone.
11. Install T5 and Aquaelev electronic starter in the last turn, based on the availability of free space under the cover. SD and LL should not overlap.
It looks like the electrical connection under the aquarium
How much is it?
Cover - in stock.
Searchlight (30W) - 2800 rubles. * 2 = 5600 rubles.
Aquaelev electronic starter - 1200 rubles.
T5 JBL Solar Ultra Color T5, 28 W, 60 cm. - 750 rubles.
Reflector - I used homemade, because Standard not intermeddle.
Relay socket - 400 rubles.
Socket timer - 350 rubles * 2 = 700 rubles.
Extension cable with off buttons = 400 rubles.
Power adapter 12W - 210 rubles.
Fasteners, wires, plugs, silicone, screed, and other trifles - 500 rubles. (about).
TOTAL: 9760 rubles. ($ 275)
Is it worth bothering? What is the effect? Definitely worth it !!! The price of the issue is not so global, but the effect is amazing !!!
My plants immediately bubbled up even without T5, with the T5 after two hours of intense lighting, the "oxygen blizzard" begins. And this is a clear sign - effective and high quality lighting. The plants themselves grow like weeds in the garden. And the aquarium sparked and transformed beyond recognition.
Here are the primary photos of the aquarium and plants with bubbles






fanfishka.ru

LED aquarium lights

Technical progress does not stand still, and the speed with which the aquarium equipment is being improved is simply amazing. How long have artificial reservoirs been lit mostly with incandescent bulbs, practically Ilyich bulbs? And now, fluorescent and even metal halide lamps are considered by some to be yesterday's day, and LEDs are becoming more and more popular.

Why LEDs?

The advantages of using lamps of this type are obvious and numerous:

  • LED (LED, from the English Light-Emitting Diode) lamps emit little heat, so no additional cooling of the aquarium is required;
  • very economical in terms of electricity costs;
  • durable - the life of high-quality LEDs is up to 50,000 hours, while over time they do not change the spectrum (unlike fluorescent lamps, whose spectrum after about six months of use begins to shift to the yellow-green side that is useless for plants);
  • LED light flux is directed in the right direction, unlike cylindrical fluorescent lamps, part of the light from which is wasted, coming up (in order to collect and use this light, you have to install reflectors);
  • The intensity and range of lighting is easy to adjust, including various combinations of LEDs.

What are the requirements for the LEDs in the aquarium?

If you plan to cover only the fish and the underwater landscape, there are no special requirements for lighting, as long as the owner likes it. It is more difficult if there are or are planted live plants in the aquarium.

Then, in contrast to fluorescent lamps, to calculate the required number of LEDs in an aquarium, they operate not with watts - indicators of power, but with lumens - units of luminous flux.

Unpretentious aquarium plants for well-being requires an illumination of 20-40 lumens per liter, more demanding - 40-60 lumens.

The color temperature of lamps designed to illuminate aquarium plants ranges from 5500 Kelvin (usually 6000-8000 K). Above 6000 K, the light is more saturated with blue hues, below 4000 K - red. As a rule, white LEDs are used in aquariums (in variations of daylight, warm white or cool white), sometimes with a slight addition of red and blue.

Green light is not used because it is not needed for plants.

The parameters of the power of the light flux and color temperature are indicated in the characteristics of LED lamps, based on them and the selection of the lamp for the aquarium.

Of course, the quality of LEDs is also important. Cheap Chinese are very short-lived and have little penetrating ability, that is, they will not be able to enlighten the water column. The best are LEDs brands Osram and Cree.


What types of aquarium LED lights are available?

The choice of LED aquarium lights on the market is not as large as, for example, fluorescent lamps. Most often in the stores there are low-power colored, usually blue, lamps that mimic the moonlight. They are good in those aquariums where they live night fish - with the help of night lighting, you can observe them.

LEDs are widely represented to illuminate nano aquariums, the most popular are the small Aquael Leddy hinged luminaires with a power of 3 and 6 W. There are similar lamps from Dennerle and Aqualighter, but they are on sale much less often, and Dennerle is also several times more expensive.

And only in the most advanced aquarium online stores you can find LED lights for large aquariums. These are Aquael Leddy long (39 and 54 cm each), Aqualighter 1, 2 and 3 rulers and adjustable-length Fluval LED luminaires. They are designed to be fixed in the lid or on the walls of the aquarium, protected from the ingress of water, very convenient to install and operate.

As for the power of their lighting, then, according to aquarists, it is abundantly enough for good lighting of fish and scenery, but only professional, very expensive Aqualighter 3 and Fluval LED models are suitable for Amman or Dutch aquariums with a large number of capricious plants from the above models.

For the sake of fairness, we will mention another group of LED lamps, which are almost not found on sale in Russia. This is a high-tech, powerful and incredibly expensive complexes for lighting marine reef aquariums firms Hagen, Eheim, Giesemann.

LED homemade

Since industrial-made LED aquarium lights are not yet very affordable, and the choice of ordinary LEDs at any electrical store is huge, many aquarists are trying to make lighting for their aquarium on their own.

For this, depending on the required light power, LED lamps, a searchlight or a tape are used. There are no established rules, everyone is experimenting for his own pleasure, as well as to the best of his skills and financial capabilities.

For example, we chose the easiest and cheapest way and supplemented the fluorescent lighting of our aquarium with LED strips. Since we only needed to increase the illumination slightly (the plants in this aquarium are unpretentious), we decided that such an upgrade would be enough.

The following materials and equipment were used:

  1. SMD 5050 LED strip: super power diodes, white color, color temperature about 6000 K, increased dust and moisture protection (silicone casing). Tape power 14.4 watts per meter.
  2. Start-charging device (its power must exceed the total power of the tape installed in the aquarium). In our case, a device with a capacity of 60 watts was used on a 3.5 meter tape with a total power of 50.4 watts.
  3. Aquarium silicone sealant.

A cover with tapes stuck on the power supply.

The length of the tape was measured according to the size of the cap so as to cut along the lines indicated on the tape. Cut in other places can not be! Cut the tape into the desired number of parts.

The ends of adjacent tapes were soldered with short pieces of wire with respect to polarity (plus to plus) and soldered to the power supply. We made the wire to the block long enough for the latter to be located on the pedestal, outside the aquarium.

Then they glued the tape to the lid with silicone, pressed it with a load until it was completely dry (it can last up to a day, depending on the glue). The ends of the tape are sealed with silicone sealant.

And everything, after drying the cover is ready for installation.

Sealed wire and tape connection.

The result of adding LEDs to fluorescent lamps immediately became noticeable visually - the aquarium brightened, in addition, the condition of the plants improved: they began to more actively photosynthesize (this can be seen from the oxygen bubbles on the leaves), grow faster and produce new shoots.

No undesirable side effects, such as overheating, are noted. The starter heats up to about 40 ° C, but since it is outside the aquarium, this does not affect the water temperature.

In short, we were satisfied and are going to continue to experiment in other aquariums.

Obviously, LED lighting is the future of aquarism. But now there are enough opportunities to evaluate its merits. Take advantage of them and see for yourself.

LED aquarium lighting. LED lamps and tapes for the aquarium. Calculation of LED lighting for the aquarium

For the normal functioning of almost any aquarium requires artificial lighting. Depending on the number of fish that inhabit the tank, and especially plants, light of different quality is required. It took a while when the aquarium was illuminated with halogen lamps. Technical progress does not stand still, and now LED lamps are actively shifting the usual fluorescent lamps from their place.

Due to its special properties, LED lamps for the aquarium are used not only as a backlight, but also as a main source. This article will consider the options for different lighting for aquariums, as well as the nuances of calculations in the selection of LEDs.

Why LEDs

The first step is to decide whether it is necessary to install LED lighting aquarium. Maybe this is a simple trend of fashion and imposed on the consumer spending certain amounts of money? To understand this issue, it is enough to consider the benefits that can be obtained from the use of LED lighting:

  • profitability;
  • better fit in the parameters of light in comparison with fluorescent lamps;
  • wide design possibilities;
  • duration of operation;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • good mechanical protection against damage.

The main reason for the introduction of LEDs, of course, economic. The fact is that with the same power LED lamps emit many times more light. Therefore, the usual lamp is replaced by a much less powerful LED, which significantly saves the cost of lighting the aquarium.

The second important reason for using LEDs is to match the lighting parameters to natural light. Moreover, for specific cases, you can play the parameters of LEDs and choose the options that are more necessary for capricious plants of the tropics.

Do not dismiss and the environmental component. After all, LED lighting aquarium is harmless, since the material does not contain mercury compounds. In addition, the heating of LEDs is not as strong in comparison with other lamps, and especially with incandescent lamps.

Selection features

Having decided on the installation of LEDs for the aquarium, before you go to buy them, it is important to take into account the composition of the inhabitants. After all, if you mainly contain fish, then a special selection is not provided. Of course, you can set a goal and make the lighting for the more advantageous type of inhabitants of the underwater world. But mostly for an aquarium with fish, ordinary light is enough to be conveniently viewed.

Quite another matter if plants are bred in an aquarium. In particular, if the plans - "Dutch" aquarium with a large number of rare and fastidious plants. In these cases, aquarium lighting with LED lamps requires a preliminary calculation that takes into account the spectral demands of the plants. In addition to the luminous flux parameter, which is measured in lumens, it will be necessary to recall such as luminance in lux and luminous temperature in kelvins.

Varieties of LED lighting for aquariums

LED lighting aquarium can be structurally performed in various ways. Depending on how LEDs are placed, they are distinguished:

  • led strip;
  • lamps;
  • LED spotlights.

The use of a particular equipment will depend primarily on the contents of the aquarium, and then on its size. To a lesser extent, the shape of the aquarium and the presence and use of its cover will influence the design features of the LEDs.

If you have the opportunity to make LED lighting aquarium with your own hands, you should not lose it. In this case, in addition to savings in equipment, you can get an individually designed and embodied design. In addition to the skills of working with electricity, you will need: a power supply unit of 12 volts, wires and LED lamps themselves.

LED bulbs

The simplest option for creating LED lighting in an aquarium would be LED lamps. It is primarily suitable for small aquariums up to 50 liters. In their covers often there are already cartridges intended for ordinary classic incandescent bulbs with E27 and E14 bases. For such options, it remains only to choose and purchase a light bulb of the required power and light temperature.

More expensive options will be ready-made LED panels of rectangular shape of a certain length for ready-made aquariums of standard sizes. Such an LED lamp for the aquarium will be very easy to install. For example, you can see the equipment from the well-known company Aqualighter.

LED spotlights

Aquarium lighting with LED spotlights is a very good option for aquariums with an open lid. LED spotlight is a very bright lamp that can easily reach the bottom of the aquarium of any size and depth. They require only one to three depending on the size. For example, for a rectangular 100-liter aquarium, a single 50-watt floodlight or 2 to 25 watts will suffice. In the case of the "Dutch" version of the light you need 1.5-2 times more. That is, it is 1 spotlight per 100 W or 2 to 50 W.

LED strip

Aquarium lighting with LED tape has only recently been possible only for small tanks. Or it was used as a backlight for lamps of another type. This is explained by the fact that the first LED strips were made on super bright first-generation SMD 3528 LEDs. Their luminous flux is only 5 lumens with a power of 0.1 W. Therefore, a 5-meter ribbon with 300 LEDs has a power of 30 watts. For an aquarium with good plants, these 5 meters will be enough only for 30 liters, which is structurally difficult to implement.

Now there are tapes containing more powerful LEDs of the new generation SMD 5050, SMD 5630 and SMD 5730. To illuminate most aquariums, including the "Dutch", there are enough tapes on the SMD 5050, which are only 2 times more powerful (0.2 W), and emit 18 lm of light each. The LED strip of 5 meters, which includes 300 of these LEDs, easily illuminates the 100-liter aquarium. And this is when used as primary lighting.

The SMD 5630 and SMD 5730 LEDs have a power of 0.5 W each and emit 40 and 55 Lm, respectively. When using them in lighting, it is imperative to think through cooling due to stronger heating.

Calculation of LED lighting

The calculation of LED lighting for the aquarium is made on the basis of approximate standards for this kind of tanks. For example, it is assumed that for 1 liter of aquarium water, 0.5 W of lighting power and 40 Lm of luminous flux are necessary. At the same time there are nuances, taking into account which the initial data can change greatly.

  • The aquarium for breeding rare capricious plants, the so-called Dutch, involves a luminous flux of 0.8-1 W for each liter of volume and a luminosity of 60 or more Lm per liter.
  • Aquariums with elongated shapes that have a significant depth also require a brighter illumination, which is selected individually. Approximately it is considered that with every 10 cm of depth, the luminous flux decreases by 50%.

It should also be remembered that with improper lighting can be two main options. In the event of a lack of light, plants will sink away and produce poor oxygen, which, in turn, can adversely affect the fish. In case of excessive light flux, rapid growth of both plants and simple algae can be observed. Outwardly, this may manifest itself in turbidity and overgrowing of the walls of the aquarium. This is especially bad for new reservoirs, when the main plants only grow and are not strong. The simplest algae in this case grow much faster.

Do it yourself

Mount LED lighting for aquarium with plants is possible in several ways. Consider the most popular lighting options with LED strips. For example, take an aquarium of 100 liters and a 5 m LED strip that includes 300 SMD 5050 LEDs of 0.2 W each. Taking as a fact that for the natural development of plants the luminous flux is best directed from top to bottom, we consider several options.

  1. The LED strip is placed on the top cover of the aquarium in the form of a snake. The rings can be positioned in any direction, but the density of the LEDs should be uniform. Then the tape is glued with a special silicone that is not afraid of moisture with glue. If the kit already has a starting device with a power supply, then simply place it on the outside for better heat exchange. If there is no starter, it must either be purchased separately or constructed from a computer power supply unit. At this work is considered complete.
  2. In the second embodiment, the LED strip is wound on a cylindrical profile in the form of a fluorescent lamp. It turns out neat cylindrical LED lamp. If necessary, you can take and make two cylindrical lamps from one LED strip. Of course, the result is not a professional LED aquarium lighting, but such lights will perform well their main functions.
  3. If there are blanks and forms of LED strip, you can make a shape of any configuration. The volume chandelier obtained in this way (or several chandeliers) is attached in any convenient way either to the aquarium lid or to special brackets in the walls if the aquarium is open.

How to just pick up LED lighting

For a simple choice of equipment with LEDs, you should adhere to the following plan:

  • determine the content and inhabitants of the aquarium;
  • taking into account all the parameters, to calculate, based on the standard of 0.5 W per liter;
  • decide whether the lighting will be made with your own hands or bought in the finished version;
  • knowing the power of the light flux and the configuration of the aquarium, choose the design of LED lighting - lamps, lamps, ribbons or spotlights;
  • pick up the necessary amount of equipment;
  • Install ready-made LED lamp for the aquarium or assemble it from the selected components.

For those who want to carry out LED illumination under water, remember that you need to choose equipment with protection class IP 68. Whereas the standard IP 65 design means only short-term sprinkling, but not more.

Selecting a manufacturer of LED elements

Aquarium lighting with LED lamps is becoming increasingly popular. Today, LED lighting offer several companies:

  • Aqua Medic.
  • Aquael.
  • Hagen.
  • Juwel.
  • Sera.
  • Dennerle.

In addition to the existing officially, there is a huge list of companies from China, where LED products can be bought for a lower amount. At the same time, you will have to check the quality yourself. But one thing is known for sure, the parameters of Chinese LEDs are much smaller in order. That is, if the luminosity of European and Japanese LEDs corresponds to the parameters, then the Chinese will shine weaker.

Conclusion

LED lamps for aquariums are actively used instead of aging fluorescent. The obvious advantages and ease of use are finding more and more positive responses among aquarium lovers.

DIY lighting a 100 liter aquarium, spotlights

Searchlights in the aquarium

LED spotlight in aquarium

Aquarium illuminated with 200 liters LED Floodlight

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