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Air Compressor for Aquarium

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Choose a compressor for the aquarium

An air pump or compressor is an apparatus that provides aeration of water, enriching it with dissolved oxygen. For a home aquarium, this is a necessary device, since the glass pond is a closed space in which all fish and plants may lack oxygen. In the natural environment, water is saturated with oxygen during the movement of water. At night, the plants pass oxygen, and release CO2 (carbon dioxide). Not always enough plants in order to provide the fish with oxygen, for their full life you need a compressor.

How does oxygen flow in a closed environment?

In the compressor there are tubes for oxygen supply - through them it enters the water. Air pressure is regulated by special valves and clamps. To effect aeration of the aquarium, several nozzles must be attached to the air tubes, which are usually made of an abrasive substance or a white grinding stone. Being at the bottom of the aquarium, the sprayers emit a lot of air bubbles, creating a beautiful decorative effect. These bubbles are very fond of guppies, danios, neons, scalar and mollies.

The smaller the size of the bubbles, the greater their total area, which is favorable for intensive aeration of the reservoir. Aquarium pump you need to choose a powerful (from small bubbles - strong pressure). Air bubbles at the surface burst, resulting in the destruction of the bacterial film, and there is an improvement in aeration. In addition, the bubbles mix all layers of water, aligning its temperature in the aquarium.

See how to install the compressor in the aquarium.

Varieties of aeration equipment

The compressor for the aquarium are of two types: piston and membrane. If you want to choose an aeration device that makes little noise, then a piston compressor will do. When you need multiple compressors, you can choose two types at once - piston and diaphragm. The first can be included at night, the second - in the daytime. To avoid strong noise, you can put foam rubber under the compressor. Otherwise, you will have to move the device to another room and take it to the aquarium using a strong air duct. However, this risk requires a very powerful reservoir.

You can choose a membrane compressor if you want to save electricity in the house. Such a device is allowed to be connected at once to several aquariums, it has a long service life, it does not need to be repaired often. The disadvantage of such a device is that it makes a lot of noise. Unfortunately, there are no silent compressors - their principle of operation is based on vibration. The compressor, which is under water, will not be so noisy, but it will work around the clock. You can put the aquarium in a separate room, where no one sleeps - then you can connect a membrane aerator to it.

The aquarium pump will help to create coordination of air flows in tanks of different capacities, and will help to carry out water supply to the filter, also is the driving element of a filtration. The pump has 2 functions - it saturates water with oxygen and cleans it. If you have a large aquarium, it is advisable to purchase a pump that will help ensure the circulation of water in the pond, which is very useful for all its inhabitants. This device does not make a lot of noise, because it is placed in the water, not outside.

If you are not satisfied with the quality of branded aquarium compressors, you can do it yourself. However, such a device will work well only if you have the skills to create such mechanisms. Self-made compressors can cause a short circuit in water, which is very dangerous for life. Waterproofing in this case - a very necessary part of the aerator.

See how to make a compressor with your own hands.

Choosing an aerator for home pond

Today sold different models of aerators for domestic ponds. It is important that the compressor has sufficient power (0.5 liters per hour per 1 liter of water). The high power aerator is capable of working with a ceramic spray that delivers small bubbles, which is also useful for aquarium inhabitants.

Brands of aquarium compressors:

  1. The most famous manufacturers of aquarium equipment: compact Aquarium Systems NeWair, Resun, Tetratec, Hagen Marina, JBL, Ferplast, AquaEL, BiOrb, Hydor and others. Compressors of German brands are in high demand.

  2. Ferplast is an Italian company specializing in the manufacture of aquarium mechanisms. Aerators of this manufacturer are not very noisy, and inexpensive.
  3. German aerator Schego - has a strong capacity, pumps over water with a height of 200 cm. You can adjust the power, the efficiency of the device is high.

  4. Eheim is one of the most silent compressors to which high-quality sprayers and tubes are attached.

Air Compressor for Aquarium

For the full and competent maintenance of fish in the home aquarium, you need an air compressor. It is designed to aerate water, that is, enrich it with oxygen. Oxygenated fish aquatic plants are not enough, because they need an additional source of life-giving gas.

Varieties of aquarium air compressors

All devices for aeration are divided into membrane and piston. An air-filled membrane electric compressor for an aquarium is more economical in terms of power consumption and can be connected simultaneously to several aquariums. He has been able to work for many years without fail. However, its main disadvantage is a strong noise made in the process.

Piston compressor is much quieter, but it is much more expensive. But you can safely work or sleep in the room where such a filter works, without being distracted by the noise from the vibration.

If none of the options you are not satisfied, of course, you can try to make a homemade air compressor for the aquarium. However, for this you need to have certain skills so that your compressor does not cause a short circuit from water.

Choosing an air compressor for the aquarium

Approaching the issue of purchase, you need to pay attention to such parameters as power and versatility. The power of the device must come with a margin, especially if the compressor is located far from the aquarium and connected to it with a long hose. Roughly, the calculation of power is as follows: for every liter of water in an aquarium, a power of 0.5 l / h is required.

It is very economical if the compressor simultaneously performs the role of a filter, that is, the device combines these two functions. In this case we are talking about the pump for the aquarium. The combination of aeration and filtration functions in one unit is very convenient, and due to the fact that he is not outside, but immersed in water, you will get rid of the noise.

If we talk about specific manufacturers of compressors for the aquarium, we can distinguish the following of them:

  • MEBNER - two-channel and almost silent device with power control;
  • CHEGO - a powerful compressor (can produce a jet of 2 meters in height) with a smooth power adjustment;
  • EHEIM is the quietest device, complete with good sprayers and a proprietary hose;
  • Ferplast is not much inferior to equipment from EHEIM, but at the same time its cost is an order of magnitude less.

Silent aquarium compressor: how to select and install

Small-sized aquarium compressor is an essential accessory for keeping ornamental fish at home. His choice and proper installation will provide the necessary conditions for the life of aquatic fauna and flora. Manufacturers offer different types of compressors, and therefore there is the problem of choosing the optimal type of device. Let's try to figure it out.

Why do you need a compressor in an aquarium?

The answer is obvious to everyone who has seen this device in operation: it increases the oxygen content in aquarium water. Water in a stationary state may eventually turn into a kind of swamp.

And, as a result, to the disease, and in the worst case to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium. The compressor, feeding air into the water, enriches it with oxygen, creates streams of air and water. This process is called aeration, and such compressors are sometimes referred to as aerators. Simply put, this is an air pump.

Types of compressors

Aquarium microcompressors in their device are divided into two main groups: membrane and piston.

The first type of pump delivers air through the movement of special membranes that allow air flow only in one direction. Such an aquarium compressor consumes very little electricity and operates with low noise.

The main disadvantage of this device is low power. Aerator is not suitable for large containers. However, for example, for a 150-liter home aquarium, a small membrane silent compressor will fit perfectly.

Another type of aquarium aerators - piston compressors. From their name it follows that air is pushed out with the help of a piston. These aerators are more expensive, but their advantage is high performance and durability.

True, the noise level of reciprocating compressors is somewhat higher than in devices of the first type. Such aerators are usually installed in large aquariums or columns.

Home aerators of both types are both powered by household electrical network, and from batteries. Each aerator kit includes a flexible hose from which pumped air comes out.


Choice Questions

Aquarium equipment manufacturers produce a wide variety of low-noise aerators.

Schego Compressors

First of all, it should be noted the products of the German company Schego, which produces compressors for home aquariums and columns of virtually any capacity.

So, for a small 70-liter aquarium, a small-sized Schego Prima aerator with a capacity of 100 liters per hour and a power of 3 watts is suitable.

But for a decorative large-capacity water column, you can purchase a Schego W53M noiseless compressor with a capacity of 350 liters per hour and a capacity of 5 watts. It provides air to a depth of 5 meters.

Chinese Triton Aerator

One of the most common models of silent microcompressors. It has two aeration channels with a power of 2.9 W, which ensures reliable circulation of air and water in an aquarium with a capacity of up to 170 liters.

Equipment from Collar

Very convenient small-sized silent aerators are produced by the Ukrainian company Collar. The aPUMP compressor of this manufacturer is considered one of the most silent in the world. With a power of only 1.5 W, it provides reliable aeration of the aquatic environment in a 100-liter aquarium at a depth of 80 centimeters.

These examples show that when choosing a silent compressor you need to proceed from

  • the size of the aquarium
  • power consumption of the device,
  • as well as the required depth of air supply.

Install silent compressor correctly

Silent aquarium compressor installation is quite simple. The external aerator must be placed on the shelf or directly on the glass cover of the aquarium so that the length of the hose allows for aeration from the bottom up.

That is, the end of the spray hose (if any) was as close as possible to the bottom of the tank. Sprayer is advised to use to ensure that air bubbles are as small as possible. In this case, the process of enriching the aquatic environment with oxygen is more intensive.

Some models of household silent compressors for an aquarium are supplied with suckers. This is very convenient, as the aerator can be securely attached directly to the glass wall of the fish house. Of course, you must have a nearby power source (sockets).

How to use aquarium compressor?

There are several opinions when it is necessary to conduct aeration of water. Some aquarists silent compressor runs continuously without shutdown. Although the power consumption of the aerator is quite small, many owners of ornamental fish use the device on schedule: 2 hours of work, 2 hours break.

It is also advised to conduct aeration of water at night, with minimal illumination.

The choice of silent compressors for aquariums is quite wide, and it is quite possible to purchase the most silent aerator. In this case, a quiet life will be ensured for both the fish and their owners.

Video review membrane aquarium compressor company Schego Optimal:

COMPRESSOR FOR THE AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING THAT IS NECESSARY TO KNOW ABOUT THIS.

Why do you need a compressor in an aquarium?

The answer is obvious to everyone who has seen this device in operation: it increases the oxygen content in aquarium water. Water in a stationary state may eventually turn into a kind of swamp.

Remains of vital activity of small fish, grain of feed, dust, small debris, film on the surface, lack of oxygen can all lead to an unfavorable state of the aquatic environment.

And, as a result, to the disease, and in the worst case to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium. The compressor, feeding air into the water, enriches it with oxygen, creates streams of air and water. This process is called aeration, and such compressors are sometimes referred to as aerators. Simply put, this is an air pump

.Main requirements that must be placed on the device when it is selected

Often the aquarium is in the same room where people relax. Therefore, for the aquarium it is better to choose a silent compressor. This device operates continuously. To reduce the noise level of the device, you can remove it into the cabinet. But then you need too long duct. Therefore, it is worth thinking carefully before making the compressor silent, by isolating it. It is better to purchase a silent device at once. The air compressor for the aquarium is the most silent. Compressors should have a smooth adjustment of the air flow. Such a device can be easily adjusted to a different number of filters and nozzles. Compressor capacity is calculated on the basis of the following parameters: 0.5 l / h per 1 l of water. This is the way to solve the question of which compressor is better suited for a specific tank capacity. For a large aquarium (over 100 liters) use a piston compressor. For such an aquarium, it is better to take a device with low-voltage power (12 volts). In the event of a power outage, it can be connected even with a car battery. You can make a quiet compressor using old equipment by yourself. So, in order for a home-made device to work as quietly as possible, you will need a wooden box and a box from under the film. In this case, a quiet compressor is obtained by compensating the shock wave with a jar. The very same homemade compressor hides in a wooden box.

Also compressors are adjustable and not adjustable.

Those. on the compressor housing A special regulator is provided which reduces the applied voltage, as a result of which a smooth adjustment of the supplied air by the compressor takes place.

It should also immediately be said that modern compressors are divided into several groups, for an aquarist they can be divided as follows, first of all it:

- compressor stations
- professional compressors
- Compressors for general consumption
- stand-alone compressors

How to install a compressor in an aquarium?

Install the compressor in the aquarium is quite simple. First of all, it is necessary to determine the place where it will be located. This may be the aquarium itself, a cover or a table. The device is placed on top of the water, or below the water level, but then a non-return valve is always installed on the air duct. It is desirable that the aerator is located next to the heater. So the heating water will mix, and the conditions for the fish will be the best.

When the noise of a running compressor causes discomfort, it should be placed on foam or foam rubber. This will reduce the noise, but will not give 100% of the result. Some act cardinally: put the device away and stretch a long hose. Any compressor needs to be cleaned periodically. If this is not done, the performance will decrease and eventually the device will break. Also pollution increase the noise level.

Types of compressors

The first type of pump delivers air through the movement of special membranes that allow air flow only in one direction. Such an aquarium compressor consumes very little electricity and operates with low noise.

The main disadvantage of this device is low power. Aerator is not suitable for large containers. However, for example, for a 150-liter home aquarium, a small membrane silent compressor will fit perfectly.

Another type of aquarium aerators - piston compressors. From their name it follows that air is pushed out with the help of a piston. These aerators are more expensive, but their advantage is high performance and durability.

True, the noise level of reciprocating compressors is somewhat higher than in devices of the first type. Such aerators are usually installed in large aquariums or columns.

Home aerators of both types are both powered by household electrical network, and from batteries. В комплект каждого аэратора входит гибкий шланг, из которого выходит прокачанный воздух.

Для чего используется компрессор на батарейках?

Бывают ситуации, когда требуется срочная транспортировка рыб. However, do not deprive the fish of such important oxygen for them. Otherwise, they may simply die. You can use the road device for a small aquarium. Such equipment operates on batteries, which are very easy to replace at the right time. The battery-powered compressor allows you to protect against the death of fish that are outside the stationary aquarium. Such equipment has small dimensions, so taking it with you on a trip is very convenient. A battery-powered device may also be necessary if the power is often cut off in the room. Such a device is recommended to keep in reserve absolutely all aquarists. This is due to the fact that even short-term oxygen deprivation is fraught with fish for death. The question of how to choose a compressor, even experienced aquarists are asked. Choosing a compressor you need to focus not on its price category, but on the amount of water that it can drive in one hour. It is desirable to acquire powerful silent compressors. You can use a homemade device.

Required compressor capacity depending on the size of the aquarium

Capacity of the installed compressor depends on the volume of the aquarium. Dependence is directly proportional - the larger the aquarium, the greater the performance of the compressor. The optimum performance of the compressor is 0.5-0.7 liters of air per hour per liter of water. But, this is the bottom bracket. As a rule, it is recommended to purchase compressors with high power. Why? For example, you decide to install a second nebulizer in the aquarium. This, as you understand, requires additional power from the compressor and additional performance. More powerful compressors must be purchased in those cases, if the aquarium is high. Here the compressor will need to overcome the water pressure. In addition, the compressor power depends on the diffuser. The smaller the holes, the more pressure must be created by the compressor.

Compressor Disadvantages

The main drawback of the compressor - this is noise. No matter how the manufacturers struggle for noiselessness, they have so far failed to win this fight. Yes, it was possible to reduce the performance of this parameter to 25-30 dB, but this is still quite a lot. As a rule, aquariums are installed either in the bedroom or in the nursery, and since the compressor sometimes works around the clock, its noise in the night silence is very noticeable. Craftsmen are hiding compressors in self-made soundproof boxes, which is a good way out of this situation.
The second drawback is the work of electricity. And how do you know electricity and water are incompatible concepts. Therefore, when installing and operating a compressor, it is necessary to exercise elementary caution.

Compressor care, preventative maintenance

For perfect work behind the compressor, care is needed.. It consists in the following:
- regular replacement of air filters (if they are available at its entrance);
- control and replacement of rubber membranes (often because of the rupture of the membrane, the entire compressor is necessary, since it is very difficult to find a repair kit for a particular model);
- regular cleaning of the diffusers (pull out and rinse in clean water, thereby reducing the resistance of the diffuser);
- monitoring the condition of air hoses, and replacing them if necessary.

Alternative to the compressor in the aquarium

As an alternative to compressor You can offer an oxidizer. It is extremely simple in design and operation of the device. It does not require the supply of electricity or the installation of batteries, and it is absolutely silent because only chemical reactions occur in it. The principle of operation of the oxidizer is the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into water (H2O) and active oxygen (O), under the action of a catalyst. As a catalyst, there are metals that, when oxidized, take a part of the active oxygen, and the excess oxygen is released into the water.

read also mollies.

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