Guppy

Guppy Aquarium

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Guppy aquarium fish - easy and detailed about them

Guppi (lat. Poecilia reticulata) is an aquarium fish that is known even to people who are very far from aquaria, to say nothing of amateurs. Perhaps, every aquarist at least once in his life contained a couple of gupas, and many started their journey with them, and even now they contain luxurious, selective guppy species. To answer all the questions about them, you probably need to write a book, but we will try to consider especially popular ones.

Males of guppies of different breeds

Habitat in nature

The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water. They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects. Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae. The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms. She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild guppies in nature:

Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy). Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.

Description

A small fish, and the males are smaller than females, and usually reach a length of about 5 cm. The guppy lives for 2-3 years, since its small size and warm water speeds up the metabolism and shortens the lifespan.
As for the appearance, it is almost impossible to describe. Guppies are so often and often crossed that even selection forms can be counted in dozens, and already ordinary and even more. Male and female differ strikingly between themselves, but we will tell you about this difference.

Content difficulty

Gorgeous fish for beginners and pros. Small, active, beautiful, very easy to reproduce, undemanding to the content and feeding, it seems that the list can go on forever. However, caution beginners aquarists from buying bright, selective forms of guppies. How to understand that the form of breeding? If all the fish in the aquarium are strictly the same color, the males have long and uniform fins, then these are demanding guppies.

If the males are all different, like the females, there are a riot of colors and colors in the coloring, then these are the guppies that an ordinary aquarist needs. The fact is that as a result of crossing they become very beautiful, but also very capricious, losing their advantages. Hybrid forms of guppies already have weak immunity and are very demanding on the content. So if you decide to just try yourself in aquarism, buy the most simple, but multi-colored gupashek.

They will delight you no less than the selection forms, but they will live much longer and have fewer problems. And for the pros, there will be breeding forms of guppies - they need to be carefully sorted, more carefully planted and cared for.

Feeding guppies

It is very easy to feed them, they eat very different foods - artificial, frozen, live, even dry. They eat flakes, granules and other artificial food with pleasure, but it is better to choose well-known brands, such as Tetra. From the living, the best is to eat the bloodworm, the pipeker, the brine shrimp, the cortex. It is important to remember that the guppy has a small mouth and stomach, the food should be small, and it is better to feed two or three times a day, in portions that the fish eat in 2-3 minutes. Guppies also love food with a high content of plant substances, so that their digestive tract remains healthy, and their immunity is high, buy in addition to the usual flakes, even with herbal supplements and feed them twice a week.

Separately, I want to say from dry food - this is not branded food, but dried daphnia, which is often sold in bird markets. I strongly advise you not to feed fish with such feed, even gupeshek. He is poor in vitamins, nutrients, and in fact it is just a dried shell. It inflames the digestive tract in fish and they die.

Guppy content in an aquarium

Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant. They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 - 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 - 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.

The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.

It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external one, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.

Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium. For guppies, the rule is simple - the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.

Compatible with other fish

Very peaceful fish that does not cause any trouble to the neighbors. But it can be offended, especially large and predatory fish, which gupeshek perceive only as food. So with fish like slaughter, giant gourami, pangasius or shark ball it is not worth keeping.
It is also impossible to keep with fish that can tear off male guppies with fins - Sumatran barb, Denison barb, fiery barb, some gourami, such as kissing, with ternitsemi.
Guppies get along best of all with peaceful and small fish: - rastori, cardinals, congo, neons, cherry barbs, speckled catfish, tarakatum.

Gender differences

To distinguish the female guppy from the male is very, very simple. Males are smaller, slimmer, they have a large tail fin, and anal turned into gonopodias (roughly speaking this is a tube with the help of which males of viviparous fish fertilize a female). The females of the guppy are larger, they have a large and noticeable belly and usually they are rather pale colored. Even juveniles can be distinguished quite early, as a rule, those of the fry that were first to be painted will be males.

Plain female guppy

Guppy breeding

One of the easiest fish to breed is homemade guppies; they very easily breed in home aquariums. The fact is that they are viviparous, that is, the female bears her calf in her stomach, and a fully formed whitebait is already emerging. The first hours he will lie down and hide, but very soon he will begin to swim and eat.

To breed guppies you need ... a male and a female. Even not so, one young and active male will be enough to care for 3-5 females without getting tired. That is, for successful breeding it is possible to contain one male for 3-5 females. It is possible and more males, as males do not fight with each other, but only compete. You will see how the male tirelessly pursues the female, but this is normal and nothing needs to be done about it. The fact is that during such harassment, he fertilizes the female and soon you will have fry.

What do you need for guppies to breed? Fresh and clean water, good and abundant feeding and a pair of heterosexual fish. As a rule, guppies are quite successfully divorced in the general aquarium. But, they also eat their fry, and the neighbors, if they eat will help. This means that pregnant females should be planted in a separate aquarium.

How to understand that you have a pregnant guppy? In a pregnant female, the spot near the anus begins to darken, this is already visible to the eyes of the growing fry, and the darker it is, the sooner she will give birth.
Set mummy in a separate aquarium, with the same water and thickets of plants, where the fry can hide from her (yes, she can eat her children). When the time comes (maybe up to a month if you hurry to drop it off), she has no problem giving birth.

A female with a dark spot - soon!

Immediately after giving birth, the female must be besieged. Taking care of guppy fry is quite simple, as well as about parents. What to feed the guppy fry? You can feed them finely branded flakes (which you feed your parents), but better with dried egg or branded fry feeds. Note that there is such a relic of the past as dry food. It is dried daphnia and cyclop, it can still be found on sale. So, feeding this rubbish guppy fry is strictly not recommended. Nutrition there is slightly higher than zero, in fact it is an analogue of taranka. Will you grow up much if you eat one taranka? The same can be said for adult fish.

It is necessary to regularly clean them so that the rest of the food will not spoil the water. You can also run snails in this tank, such as an ampoule or coil. They do not touch the fry, and the rest of the food will be eaten.

How the fry is born:

It is important that the water was clean, but it is impossible to change a lot and immediately, since the fry are still weak and a large water change is dangerous for them. The easiest way is to change the order of 10% of water once a day or two, or 25% once a week.
Water temperature for guppy fry is very important, and you need to keep it at the level of 24-26.5С.
With proper care and feeding, guppy fry grow quickly and within a month and a half they begin to stain.

Frequently asked questions about guppies

What kind of fish can you keep with a guppy?

Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article - the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.

How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?

Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch. The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.

How do guppies breathe?

Like all fish - oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.

How long do guppies live?

About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life. Some fish live up to 5 years.

How often to feed a guppy?

Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening. Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.

Why do guppies tear their tails?

There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins. Regularly change the water to fresh. There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.

If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign - either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.

Why do guppies stick to their tail?

Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% ​​of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.

Why does the guppy have a spine curve?

Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish. In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis. The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results. In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.

Why do guppies give birth only to females?

The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.

Is it possible to contain only one guppy in an aquarium?

It is possible, although it looks like something sad ... All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.

Do I need oxygen and a filter for guppies?

Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth. It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself. Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.

Do guppies need soil and plants?

This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants. I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.

Do you need a guppy light?

No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Plants need light to grow.

Guppies spawn?

No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim. Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats. Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.

Do guppies sleep?

Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim. And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?

How many fry do guppies give birth?

Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200

How much does a guppy fry grow?

Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.

Can guppies be kept in seawater?

No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.

Why do guppies float on the surface?

They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which? Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely. Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.

Why do guppies jump out of the aquarium?

They can do it both by chance and because of bad water - for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.

Why do guppies stick together or stick together?

Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease. The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.

What kind of catfish can you keep with a guppy?

Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators. The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy. Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.

Care for guppy fry

The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you. What to feed the guppy fry? There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.

Rules for keeping guppies

Guppies (lat. Poecilia reticulata) - these fish are among the most popular aquarium pets. Today, there are various breeds of guppies with beautiful fins and bright patterns on the body. They are great for beginners, because the content of guppies in an aquarium will not be difficult. These are viviparous fishes, the females of which produce full fry. They are hardy and unpretentious, but they should be provided with high-quality care and maintenance so that the fish live as long as possible (up to 5 years).

Fish Diet

Guppies are omnivorous fish, and should receive both protein and plant foods. At home, they can be fed with processed foods, such as: branded flakes and pellets, live and frozen food (daphnia, bloodworm, artemia, mosquito larvae, strawberry). You can give them fresh chopped vegetables, such as tomatoes, zucchini, spinach, lettuce.

It is advisable to feed twice a day in small portions, rather than once a day in large portions. Fish fry feed even more often because they need to grow and develop. In fry, the stomach is still very small, metabolic processes occur faster - fractional nutrition is safe for them.

In order to avoid nutritional deficiencies, the fish must necessarily receive live foods (artemia). Artemia contains a lot of protein. Eggs from Artemia, which will later hatch, are available at some pet stores, so they can be bred at home.

Guppies should eat up everything you give them. Feeding time - no more than 5 minutes. Remove food residues from the aquarium in a timely manner, otherwise they will pollute the water, oxidize, bringing with them harmful substances.

Feed your pets 6 days a week.Let your fish be one day on an unloading diet. One-day fasting will clean their stomachs and digestive system. As a result, pets will live longer and be healthy.

Watch a video about guppy content and care.

Installation of an aquarium for guppies

Proper fish care can only be ensured if the aquarium is properly installed. Proper setup of the tank does not take much time. Guppies can transfer a wide range of parameters of the aquatic environment: pH 5.8–8.5, although ideally the pH should be 7.0–7.2. The recommended water hardness is 15 dH. Fish are not recommended to settle in banks or round mini-aquariums. It will be uncomfortable for the fish to live there, and caring for them will be difficult - it is difficult to clean the walls of a round can with a scraper. To install the heater, filter, compressor, lighting, decor and plants, you need a spacious rectangular tank. The breeding of fish should also occur in a rectangular aquarium or spawning.

To prevent the temperature of the water from fluctuating within wide limits, install a heater in the aquarium that will regulate it. Guppies prefer water at a temperature of 23-26 ° C. If you need to quickly grow fry fish or stimulate reproduction, you can raise the temperature to 27-28 degrees.

Quality care is not possible without lighting, which can indicate many problems in the aquarium. Bright lighting will be a source of vitamin D, and the lack of light can cause spinal curvature. Abundant, constant coverage will also harm pets. For fry, the optimal amount of daylight hours is 4 hours a day, and 8 hours of darkness. At night, the light must be turned off (after 8-10 hours of light for adult fish). You can purchase a timer for luminaires, which are automatically turned on and off every day.


Filtration system - to keep the aquarium water clean. When the filter filler begins to darken, it is a signal that it is time to replace it. It is impossible to replace all the filtration systems at once, otherwise the beneficial bacteria will disappear. They decompose ammonia in water, which is formed from fish waste. It is better to cut the sponge, and replace the second half with a new one. If you use activated carbon as a filler, change it more often and according to the instructions. Also replace once a week with 25% water for fresh.

Air pump - supplies oxygen to the aquarium water. It will pump out air bubbles and create a current, saturating water with oxygen. Plant in aquarium live plants that also emit oxygen. These can be stile-leaved species: anubias, cryptocoryne, elodea, arrowhead, aponogeton and others.

The scenery - not only decorate the aquarium, but can also serve as a shelter for fish. At the bottom of the aquarium, lay out sand or gravel, in which it is easier to place live plants and structures. Do not forget to install shelters in the form of caves, grottoes, pipes, clay pots.

See how the guppy fry are born.

Guppy Breeding Rules

Breeding guppies and caring for their fry is quite simple. Fish that have reached the reproductive cycle, enter reproduction by themselves, being in the general aquarium. Before giving birth, the female's abdomen swells severely, becoming almost square in shape. As a rule, they give birth within a month, so the pregnancy of the fish is easy to notice.


Already a few days before giving birth, a separate tank for fry should be ready, since breeding guppies is fraught with parents eating the fry. To increase the chances of survival of fry, you can put dense bushes of living plants in the general aquarium, which will create shelters. You can prepare a separate pit for the female, which has holes for fry. After the female has given birth to fry (sometimes it can happen within 24 hours or more), she can be transplanted into the general aquarium almost immediately. But it is better to place the female guppy in a tank with a separator a week before giving birth. With a sharp change in the situation, the female may have a miscarriage.

In fry, immunity is not as strong as in adults. Fry need to be fed frequently - 3-4 times a day. Guppy fry should be 2.5 cm in length per day when they are placed in a common aquarium with adult fish. Starter feed - Artemia larvae, branded food for guppy fry.

Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding


GUPPI Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Detachment, family:
Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature:
20 - 26 ° С.
Aggressiveness:
not aggressive 0%.

Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand "harsh conditions of detention." I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. - horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So you shouldn't mock the fish !!!

Interestingly, guppies reproduce - they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females. Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed. Fry will hide behind these plants.

Guppy description:

In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.

During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year. The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins. The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females are up to 6 cm. The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally. The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides. Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak. In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization - gonopodium.

The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them the Indian and glossy leaf are desirable) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding. Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs. Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium. In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.

Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 - 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 - 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males. Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third). Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.

Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce. The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish. Fry are fed three times a day in small portions. After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day. At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.

Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry). Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it). Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!

As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.

The pregnancy of the female lastsapproximately 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female's abdomen. As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it - immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, but the male will only interfere. By the way, the guppy breeding feature: once fertilized, the female can bring the offspring into the light several times ).

For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water). All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength. Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born. At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.

On photo female guppy

On photo male guppy

The fry do not need parental care: they keep a flock near the surface and are constantly asked to eat. The best food for them is infusoria, which babies should be fed at least 4-5 times a day. As you grow. the number of feedings is reduced to two times a day, and the feed itself becomes more “adult”: nauplii Artemia, chopped bloodworms, and so on.

When breeding guppies pay special attention to fry. Fry do not grow very fast, but the trouble is not in this. The fact is that the fry grow unevenly. In this case, smaller and weaker individuals risk dying from hunger: strong and healthy fry simply do not allow the weaker to eat. Therefore, you should sort the fry by size and spread out by different banks.

Sometimes, during childbirth, there can be "force majeure" circumstances: the female cannot give birth. In this case, you need to help her: make a water change in the spawning area (50%) and raise the temperature to 28 * C + 29 * C. In this case, the female guppy will surely give birth.

Fish reach sexual maturity at the age of 4-5 months.

In the photo the germ guppy
ALL TYPES OF GUPPI:
Guppy Scarlet
Guppies "Berliners"
Guppy Cobra
Guppy Blue Metallic
Guppy Blue Neon
Guppy Green Cobra
Guppy red blond
Guppy Red Dragon
Guppy Moscow Carnation
Guppy Moscow blue
Guppy blue-green
Guppy Tuxedo
Guppy Black Prince
ALL BREEDS GUPPI:

REINFORCEMENT
TROUBLESHIPS
Velocopharyus Sharpened
TOP SWORD
BOTTOM SWORD
VOAL-TAILED
DOUBLE SWORD
Acupuncture
SPEAKERS
Round-tailed
FOOT-TAILS
BALOINAL
FLAWLASTING
A detailed article on the types and breeds of guppies read HERE !!!

Beautiful photo collection of guppies

Great video about guppies


Gupiki fish: how to care

Guppy is a small size viviparous fish. Males are so bright in color that it is impossible to take your eyes off. They are so unpretentious to the conditions of detention that they feel good in the aquarium, even without a filter and aeration of water. Therefore, these fish are ideal for busy people who do not have time to care for the aquarium.

Guppy content in an aquarium

Of course, you can keep a few fish in a 3-liter jar, but they will be cramped and uncomfortable there.

For example, if it is planned to settle no more than 15 individuals, then a 30-liter aquarium is enough.

Priming and decorative items can be selected such that they will like. It should not be forgotten about aquarium plants: they not only produce the necessary oxygen, but also serve as shelter for fry from adult fish.

Temperature water can vary from 18 to 30 degrees. However, 24 degrees is the best option for healthy development and reproduction. To maintain this temperature, it is advisable to purchase a special heater in the pet store for an aquarium that has a water heating regulator.

Artificial lighting in the dark is optional. However, experienced guppy lovers still install additional lighting. Thanks to him, algae grow better and the colors of the fish become much brighter and richer.

To maintain the aquarium in a tidy condition, it is enough to change one third of the water from the total volume once a month. Before that, it is desirable to defend it in an open container for several days.

Guppies love hard water (from 6 to 10 units), however, if we consider the quality of tap water, it is better to get rid of excess sediment. It should be remembered that inject water into the aquarium only at room temperature.

Otherwise, such abrupt changes in the aquatic environment can lead to disruption of the development of fish or even weakening of the immune system and the appearance of diseases.

If we are very lazy to care for the aquarium and do not change the water, it is advisable to install a compressor. He perfectly cope with the purification of water from the remnants of food and other dirt, thereby it will get rid of unnecessary trouble.

There is no point in setting an aerator for saturating water with air, except for beauty, you can hold special tubes at the bottom of the aquarium that allow bubbles. Guppies are undemanding to oxygen, so it is enough to plant some algae in the ground. Plants absorb carbon dioxide and give the aquarium natural beauty.

Guppy feeding regimen and diet

The health, color and longevity of guppies largely depends on the quality and quantity of food. These fish are remarkable in that they are not picky about food.

In general, all food is divided into two groups: dry and live. Algae flakes, daphnia and fortified granules are considered dry. A live food can be considered all seafood, which is almost daily used in food: minced fish fillet, octopus, shrimp and even meat.

Guppies especially love bloodworms, but do not abuse them, because an excessive amount will only pollute the aquarium.

As for the amount of food, it is best to feed the fish several times a day. Depending on age, you can give 1-2 pinches of food at a time.

Fattening your pets is also not an option, because obesity can affect the lifespan and productivity of offspring.

Special attention should be paid to fry. At first they feed on daphnia, but in a bag the food is too large for them. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to rub it with your fingers as small as possible.


How to distinguish the female from the male?

Unlike other species of fish, the sex of a guppy is very easily determined visually. First of all, males in length grow from 2 to 4 cm. They have a bright color and a long flowing tail.

The growth of females can reach up to 6 cm.The most interesting thing is that they look inconspicuous and have a short tail, on which sometimes there can be only small bright spots. In appearance, the female is several times larger than the male and has a dark speck from the bottom of the abdomen. It is surprising that the female at a time can produce from a few dozen to one and a half hundred fry.

Guppy breeding

The first sign of self-pregnancy is an increase in the abdomen. In general, the entire period of gestation of fry, depending on temperature, can vary from 5 to 7 weeks. Shortly before giving birth, the female is transferred to a separate jar with warm water (24 degrees).

Fry are born and swim on the surface of the water - they swallow air to fill the swim bladder. Immediately after the birth, the female is returned to the aquarium, and the fry are left for several months in the bank. Feed babies can be crushed Daphnia or Cyclops. And only in 2-3 months they can be given live food.

Summarizing

So, guppies are very small and very beautiful inhabitants of the aquarium. Males are amazing color, and females - the ability to reproduce a large number of fry. In this case, fish unpretentious in the care and food. And reproduction does not cause much difficulty. Enough to observe the temperature, provide a balanced diet and have time to transplant the female from the aquarium.

Video about guppy fish: care and maintenance in an aquarium

Care for guppies at home

Guppies (Poecilia reticulata) are small variegated fish that belong to the Family of the Sutyliae. The natural habitat is the waters of Latin America, where polluted water literally “taught” them to get used to the difficult living conditions. In recent decades, they love to settle in the aquarium due to the high level of adaptation and survival. The low cost of organizing a tropical garden in the house, and unpretentious maintenance have led to the fact that guppies are often bought even for children.

It is visually easy to determine the sex of a guppy. Males grow in length 2-4 cm, have a bright color and a long tail. Females are slightly larger - up to 6 cm in length, have a short tail with small spots. On the stomach there is a dark spot.


Care for guppy fish does not have specific features: you do not need to buy an expensive aquarium with high-class equipment or create special conditions for keeping fish. All that is needed for fish life at home is:

  1. Aquarium or water can;
  2. Fish food;
  3. Filter;
  4. Daylight lamp;
  5. Large aquarium sand and stones;
  6. Plants.

How to prepare the aquarium for the settlement of fish

Instructions for preparing an aquarium for the settlement of fish is very simple. Purebred guppy fish will feel great in an aquarium of at least 50 liters with a water acidity of at least 6.6-7 pH. For simple guppies, you will need running tap water, which is best to insist for 24 hours and pass through an aqua filter. The water temperature is preferably at least 18 ° C, otherwise the fish will fall ill. 24-26 ° C - the optimum temperature. At temperatures above the permissible level, the fish become smaller and do not live long.

Watch a short video on how to care for guppies.

Guppies are highly active, so it’s better to keep the aquarium closed so that they don’t jump out. Cover the bottom of the aquarium with large river sand, small stones and small bushes of plants in which fish can play and hide. For thoroughbred guppies, special settings are needed that will filter the water, saturate it with the necessary amount of oxygen. One should not forget about the lighting - alternately combining the light of the sun and the lamp.

Full care for aquarium inhabitants is impossible without proper feeding. A large amount of guppy food will not be eaten, it can settle at the bottom of the aquarium, spoiling the water. Do not neglect the live food: you can give artemia, rotifers, mosquito larvae and daphnia. It is better to feed once a day, dividing the portions into several chips with an interval of several hours. Modern fish food will help maintain an optimal balance of vitamins and minerals in the body. Alternate live and dry food so that the fish do not have disorders of the digestive system.

Guppies breed easily in an aquarium. Caring for producers during the spawning period does not require special preparation. There are a few points to consider to avoid trouble. Fish become adults at the age of 4 months. When a female has an angular belly, then she is ready for childbirth. Transfer it to a separate aquarium or a jar of water, after the appearance of the babies, the female can be transplanted back. In order to avoid cannibalism, it is better to keep fry in spawning until puberty. The first feed - shredded daphnia and cyclops. At 2-3 months of life, you can give live food.


Do not forget to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. Complete care requires the removal of food residues and the replacement of 1/3 of the water weekly. New water should be the same in temperature and acidity as the main one. To avoid disease, periodically add 1 teaspoon of salt (per 10 liters of water) to water.

Guppies are in good contact with small fish, but they can be aggressive to the fry, or become victims of large fish. For general safety, it is better to keep them in groups of several individuals in the same aquarium.

Bank of water - a house for small fish

How to care for guppies, if you are an inexperienced aquarist and are afraid that you will not be able to purchase expensive equipment? Do not despair. Guppy care is also possible in the bank, if you consider some of the nuances.

  1. Use a 3 liter glass jar;
  2. As the soil, small pebbles, the soil from the pet store, will fit; before placing it in a container, it should be washed and boiled;
  3. Purchase a compressor for oxygen supply (price - from 400 rubles). If the bank is large 10 liters or more, you can buy a filter with aeration;
  4. For decoration, use small plants and shells.

The process of preparing banks includes the following steps:

  • Wash a jar of soda, without the use of detergents. Pour boiling water over it.
  • Place the pot in the pot.
  • Set in the tank plants and shells.
  • Adjust the required temperature and acidity of water, oxygen supply with the help of a compressor and a filter.
  • After that, run into the jar of small fish.

See a few tips on keeping, caring and breeding guppies.

Additional tips

Guppies are unpretentious fish that can live without aeration and filtration of water. These are viviparous animals, like sharks, although they are distant relatives, their care is very simple.

What else should you pay attention to before preparing a guppy settlement, and after? First, pick a big can - the bigger the better. Secondly, do not use old glass jars or plastic bottles that already emit toxic substances. Thirdly, it is difficult to place a filter in small jars, so all the “dirty” work will have to be done personally — wipe the inside surface of the container with a clean sponge, siphon the bottom, and replace the old water with fresh water every week. Fourth - do not put the jar or aquarium in place of direct sunlight. This can lead to water bloom and the death of animals. Fifth - with the help of a thermometer monitor the temperature.


Care for such fish is a pleasure! Even a novice aquarist will not be afraid to admit that the first experience of keeping fish is associated with guppies. Simple species are less whimsical than breeding species that require strict maintenance. In any case, these cute creatures are a real aquarium miracle.

With whom to launch guppies in the general aquarium?

There is hardly a person, even very far from aquarists, who would not hear about guppies. These small bright fish are able to charm absolutely everyone who only once looks at their feathers, specks, flickering scales. Slender, airy, they flash in the water like butterflies! But handsome men are attractive not only for connoisseurs of beauty, but also for neighbors in the aquarium, who can look after them as a delicious dinner. To avoid unnecessary sacrifices, it is necessary to observe some rules for selecting pets, taking into account their compatibility.

On the compatibility of aquarium fish

Settling an aquarium is a demanding, painstaking task. It requires theoretical knowledge. Fish may have full or relative compatibility and be completely incompatible.


Most likely, representatives of the same family, detachment, suborder, having the same size and conditions of detention can get along. Common sense will not allow the inhabitants of cooler waters to settle in tropical conditions. Predatory large species can cause serious harm to miniature water inhabitants. But there are exceptions in any rule, which is confirmed by experienced aquarists. There are many cases where peace-loving fish friendly cohabited with fierce predators for a long time. At the same time, baseless wars often arose between calm fish.

If you are still not sure that water inhabitants are compatible, you can always use special tables. They contain information that will dispel your doubts and prevent you from making irreparable mistakes.

Look at the aquarium with guppies, lyalius, neon and catfish.

Guppy Description

What is necessary to know about the representatives of the species for the correct choice of neighbors for them? The species of guppy belongs to the genus of the family of the intestine of the petsilievy order carpsong. Fish is viviparous. The size of a male is from one and a half to four centimeters, females - from three to seven. Life expectancy is about two and a half years. The color is varied - monophonic, multi-colored, speckled, striped. There are several dozen selection forms. Many of them have fan-shaped streaming tails. Guppies live in groups ranging from a couple to the amount that can be placed in an aquarium. They live in the upper layers of water. They are very active, can jump out, so it is better to have a special cover.

Parameters favorable for keeping fish:

  • water volume from 30 l;
  • temperature + 24-26 ° C;
  • stiffness dH 10-25 °;
  • acidity: pH 7.

They, like all inhabitants of domestic ponds, need light, aeration, water purification by filtration and weekly substitution of its part.

Petsilium Neighborhood

As mentioned earlier, representatives of the same family can be kept in the same aquarium. They are fully compatible. It is safe to populate guppies with all their pecillium brethren without fear for their health. In addition, the conditions of existence of these fish are similar.

Petsilievyh, or gambusiyevy family include:

  • alfaro turquoise;
  • blue-eyed;
  • guppy;
  • limia;
  • swordtail
  • mollies;
  • petilia.


Bottom dwellers

Neighbors who will rarely cross each other will be harmless to each other. Somics spend most of their time at the bottom, are active at night. Aquarium fish guppies, on the contrary, love the light, so they occupy the upper and middle layers of water. Thus, the question of dividing the territory disappears. They may not even know that they live in the same reservoir. This ensures compatibility. In addition to small catfish, on this basis, you can choose to neighbors fighting, fish-knife.

Admire the beautiful and large common aquarium.

Predators

Predatory fish such as African scalar, goldfish, discus, astronotus, cichlids can not only damage the luxurious tails of defenseless babies, but also destroy their offspring. For safety reasons, adults should not be settled in a single aquarium. But while the scalars are at the stage of maturation, they may well be in the company of the guppy flocks.

Other neighbors

Long-term, even centuries-old experience of studying the nature, characteristics of life activity of fish in captivity gave modern avkvariumistam information that will help determine the compatibility of fish. Using the verified data, you can without a doubt organize the accommodation of gupeshek with the following types:

  • cockerels;
  • danios;
  • fighting;
  • iris;
  • rasbory;
  • tetras.

They have relative compatibility with barbs, gourami, eels, labo. Most likely, pets will make friends if they spend together the time of growing up.


The aquarium in which the fish coexist with other equally beautiful creatures looks quite unusual. An example is shrimp. They are unpretentious, peaceful, moreover they bring enormous benefits - they eat leftover food, helping to maintain cleanliness. There are many shrimp, differing in color: snowflake, glass, harlequin, cardinal, bee and others. They will complement the colorful world created by small fish.

Like any hobby, aquarism is a field for experimentation. Neither the author of the encyclopedia, nor an experienced amateur can unequivocally answer whether guppies get along with other fishes. Compatibility is a relative concept. After all, even a cute little fish can show its character and arrange a rebellion against the same peaceful peaceful neighbors. Thus, to keep an aquarium filled with one species, or to combine with others is a deeply individual question.

My aquarium is 80 liters with guppy (dorm)

My aquarium with guppies and swordtails

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