Why are guppies so common
If your passion for aquarium fish began in childhood, you can almost certainly say that there were guppies among your pets. This is not surprising, because guppies - aquarium fish are extremely unpretentious to the conditions of their habitat. Their content in the aquarium does not require specific equipment. In this case, it is quite possible to do without complex filters and heaters with a thermostat. The aquarium itself does not have to be large, and if it is not overpopulated, you can even allow yourself to abandon the aerator.
The low cost of organizing a underwater garden with guppies has led to the fact that parents most often buy these fish for their children, who have expressed a desire to start an aquarium. Guppy care is quite affordable even for a child, and daily contact with live pets will develop in the little man a sense of responsibility and develop attention to neighbors. It is easy to achieve breeding of guppy fish, so a child can witness the miracle of the emergence of a new life in his aquarium.
But one should not think that only a beginner in aquarism can be interested in content. Guppies are relatively easy to select, which attracts experienced aquarium owners. Complex breeding forms become more capricious in content, and guppy diseases manifest in them more often. Such species start breeding only in particularly comfortable conditions, the creation of which requires considerable effort. In other words, guppies can be quite interesting for an experienced aquarist.
What should be an aquarium
Guppy - aquarium fish of modest size. Males reach 2-4 centimeters, females are somewhat larger and grow to 6 centimeters. All representatives of the species are pacifist fish and absolutely cannot stand up for themselves, and therefore their neighbors in the aquarium should also be representatives of peace-loving and medium-sized species. The capacity of an aquarium for guppies should be calculated based on the minimum need for one liter of water for a male and 2 liters for a female. But it is better if three liters of water fall on each fish. Theoretically, a pair can be contained even in a three-liter jar, but it should be remembered that the larger the volume of the aquarium, the more stable the biological balance in it.
The most comfortable temperature in the aquarium is 24 degrees, although the rules of care for guppies allow temperature fluctuations in the range of 18-30 degrees. Water hardness is desirable to withstand within 6-10 units. Lighting parameters do not affect the viability of guppies, but largely determine the brightness of their color.
The landscape of the aquarium should include both open areas for swimming and secluded corners, where any fish, tired of the intrusive attention of relatives, could retire and have a rest. Males may experience such excessive anxiety during the breeding season, and males may also need solitude after mating fights with each other.
Aesthetic value is predominantly males, striking a variety of shapes and colors of tails and fins. In order that the appearance of the fish is not "concealed", the color of the soil in the aquarium must contrast with the color of the fish. The use of dark earth tones is a win-win option.
What do guppies want from life
Guppies are unpretentious and not demanding of food. Both live and specialized dry food will do. With enough light in the aquarium, filamentous algae appear, which these fish eat with pleasure. To obtain intensely colored fish, the use of live feeds (cyclops, bloodworms, pipe worker, daphnia) is mandatory.
Feed the fish should be twice a day. All food should be eaten within five minutes, and its residues should be removed from the aquarium. Souring food and overeating can cause disease. A hunger strike in a few days is easily tolerated by guppies, which greatly facilitates their maintenance.
The aquarium is cleaned once a week. When cleaning, it is advisable to replace up to a third of the old aquarium water with fresh water. The water added to the aquarium should be the same temperature and hardness as the main one. An even better approach would be to gradually replace the water during the week.
Guppy life expectancy is about three years. In warm water, the development processes of the organism of the fish are accelerated, and the life expectancy drops somewhat, in cold water everything happens the other way around. "Coldwater" specimens are usually larger than their "warm-water" relatives.
How to prevent guppy diseases
For the prevention of diseases of guppies it is useful to add table salt to the aquarium (at the rate of 1 teaspoon per 10 liters). It should also be remembered that cleanliness is a guarantee of health, and cleaning the aquarium is an indispensable condition for proper water quality and well-being of the fish. A sign of excessive water pollution and the accumulation of ammonia and nitrates in it can be the "scaling" of the fish on the rocks and walls of the aquarium, a sharp decrease in activity, the rejection of food. Such phenomena can lead to the death of fish.
Also symptoms of the disease are clouded eyes of fish, bulging gills, breathing too fast, black pupils. When a sick fish is found, it must be isolated from the rest of the aquarium.
What is needed for reproduction
Guppies are viviparous fishes. They produce not spawn, but fry, which soon after giving birth begin to swim and feed themselves. After fertilization, the female is able to produce offspring up to seven times. This fact should be taken into account during breeding work.
The signal for breeding is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and water softening. But reproduction is possible without the participation of these factors. A sign of a female's pregnancy is an increase in dark spot near the anus. The abdomen at this moment becomes angular. The pregnancy itself lasts about 25 days (which depends on the water temperature).
Guppies willingly eat their offspring, and therefore fry of breeding value should be transplanted into nursery aquariums. In the general aquarium, the fry sometimes manage to escape from adult tribesmen in dense thickets of floating aquatic plants, such as pistii or riccia.
In addition to professional feeds, you can use chicken yolk (boiled), non-sharp cheeses (grated on a fine grater) or powdered milk to feed offspring guppies.
Instead of epilogue
Aquarium - a corner of peace and comfort in our stress-filled world. Caring for it requires very little effort, and the care you give your underwater pets is guaranteed to return to you in the form of positive emotions. Therefore, if you are thinking about whether to start an aquarium, do not hesitate - start!
Gupiki fish: how to care
Guppy is a small size viviparous fish. Males are so bright in color that it is impossible to take your eyes off. They are so unpretentious to the conditions of detention that they feel good in the aquarium, even without a filter and aeration of water. Therefore, these fish are ideal for busy people who do not have time to care for the aquarium.
Guppy content in an aquarium
Of course, you can keep a few fish in a 3-liter jar, but they will be cramped and uncomfortable there.
For example, if it is planned to settle no more than 15 individuals, then a 30-liter aquarium is enough.
Priming and decorative items can be selected such that they will like. It should not be forgotten about aquarium plants: they not only produce the necessary oxygen, but also serve as shelter for fry from adult fish.
Temperature The water can vary from 18 to 30 degrees. However, 24 degrees is the best option for healthy development and reproduction. To maintain this temperature, it is advisable to purchase a special heater in the pet store for an aquarium that has a water heating regulator.
Artificial lighting in the dark is optional. However, experienced guppy lovers still install additional lighting. Thanks to him, algae grow better and the colors of the fish become much brighter and richer.
To maintain the aquarium in a tidy condition, it is enough to change one third of the water from the total volume once a month. Before that, it is desirable to defend it in an open container for several days.
Guppies love hard water (from 6 to 10 units), however, if we consider the quality of tap water, it is better to get rid of excess sediment. It should be remembered that inject water into the aquarium only at room temperature.
Otherwise, such abrupt changes in the aquatic environment can lead to disruption of the development of fish or even weakening of the immune system and the appearance of diseases.
If we are very lazy to care for the aquarium and do not change the water, it is advisable to install a compressor. He perfectly cope with the purification of water from the remnants of food and other dirt, thereby it will get rid of unnecessary trouble.
There is no point in setting an aerator for saturating water with air, except for beauty, you can hold special tubes at the bottom of the aquarium that allow bubbles. Guppies are undemanding to oxygen, so it is enough to plant some algae in the ground. Plants absorb carbon dioxide and give the aquarium natural beauty.
Regime and diet feeding guppies
The health, color and longevity of guppies largely depends on the quality and quantity of food. These fish are remarkable in that they are not picky about food.
In general, all food is divided into two groups: dry and live. Algae flakes, daphnia and fortified granules are considered dry. A live food can be considered all seafood, which is almost daily used in food: minced fish fillet, octopus, shrimp and even meat.
Guppies especially love bloodworms, but do not abuse them, because an excessive amount will only pollute the aquarium.
As for the amount of food, it is best to feed the fish several times a day. Depending on age, you can give 1-2 pinches of food at a time.
Fattening your pets is also not an option, because obesity can affect the lifespan and productivity of offspring.
Special attention should be paid to fry. At first they feed on daphnia, but in a bag the food is too large for them. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to rub it as small as possible.
How to distinguish the female from the male?
Unlike other species of fish, the sex of a guppy is very easily determined visually. First of all, males in length grow from 2 to 4 cm. They have a bright color and a long flowing tail.
The growth of females can reach up to 6 cm. The most interesting thing is that they look inconspicuous and have a short tail, on which sometimes there can be only small bright spots. In appearance, the female is several times larger than the male and has a dark speck from the bottom of the abdomen. It is surprising that the female at a time can produce from a few dozen to one and a half hundred fry.
The first sign of self-pregnancy is an increase in the abdomen. In general, the entire period of gestation of fry, depending on temperature, can vary from 5 to 7 weeks. Shortly before giving birth, the female is transferred to a separate jar with warm water (24 degrees).
Fry are born and swim on the surface of the water - they swallow air to fill the swim bladder. Immediately after the birth, the female is returned to the aquarium, and the fry are left for several months in the bank. Feed babies can be crushed Daphnia or Cyclops. And only in 2-3 months they can be given live food.
So, guppies are very small and very beautiful inhabitants of the aquarium. Males are amazing color, and females - the ability to reproduce a large number of fry. In this case, fish unpretentious in the care and food. And reproduction does not cause much difficulty. Enough to observe the temperature, provide a balanced diet and have time to transplant the female from the aquarium.
Video about guppy fish: care and maintenance in an aquarium
Guppy - maintenance and care
Does your child ask for aquarium fish? Then there is nothing easier than to buy an aquarium with the necessary equipment and plant several fish in it. But if you want to care for them as simple as possible, listen to the recommendations of experts who advise to start the most unpretentious fish. Guppies belong to such species. So, let's find out what are the conditions for keeping a guppy in a home aquarium.
Features care for guppies in the aquarium
This type of fish - one of the most unpretentious, so that they are happy to breed, even many novice aquarists. The temperature of the guppy content ranges from +18 to + 30 ° C, and the ideal is 24 ° C. With regard to water hardness, 6-10 units will be the best indicator. Guppies are not particularly sensitive to water quality. In extreme cases, they can do without aeration and even without filtration - it is enough to regularly replace the water and clean the aquarium itself (at least once a week).
Lighting does not have a decisive influence on the quality of life of the fish of this breed. The only thing that may suffer from its lack is the coloring of the males of your guppies, which will not be so bright.
Feed these fish should be twice a day, using both specialized dry food, and universal live (bloodworm, daphnia, tubule). The latter are even more preferable for obtaining bright color of guppy. Pay attention to the fact that the fish immediately ate all the food, otherwise it should be removed from the aquarium to prevent diseases of the guppy.
Although the care and maintenance of guppies do not differ in complexity, they begin to multiply only under certain conditions: this is usually the softening of water and the increase in its temperature. Interestingly, guppies belong to the viviparous fish, and therefore, when breeding offspring, they need to pay special attention. Emerging fry should be deposited in a separate aquarium, so that adult fish do not eat the young offspring of guppies, especially if they are species of selective value. You can feed juvenile guppies both with professional feed and with dry milk, yolk of boiled chicken egg or grated cheese of non-acute varieties.
Aquarium landscape should be equipped in such a way that the fish could, if they wish, retire and relax from each other. This can be done with the help of decorative locks or simply by placing an aquarium plant. For example, in Indian fern leaves, guppy fry successfully hide from adult individuals encroaching on their lives.
Compatibility of guppy with other aquarium fish
Guppies are not just calm fish. Not only do they not attack their mates in the aquarium, but they cannot even protect themselves in the attack. From this it follows that to select neighbors for guppies should be the same peaceful and not very large. Ideal for swordtails, roosters, danios, corridors, fighting.
And, of course, "boys" and "girls" guppies of various species can be placed in the same aquarium. Pay attention only to the size of individuals and the balance of the number of females and males.
But such species as goldfish, scalars, astronotus and cichlids are completely incompatible with guppies, since they can pluck their tail fins, depriving these fish of their basic ornamental effect. And since the size of the guppies is much smaller than the fish of these species, the larger inhabitants of the aquarium can easily injure them.
The larger your aquarium, the more comfortable it will be for your pets. The minimum capacity should be about 3 liters of water per individual.
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
Despite the fact that these fish are considered to be among the most unpretentious fish, this does not mean that they can be kept in the toilet and fed with potato peelings (while hoping for full-fledged offspring). For keeping guppies, choosing the right aquarium is a matter of by no means the last. Round does not fit, therefore, make a choice in the direction of the rectangular. The length should be at least 60 centimeters, and the volume - from 60 liters (there is a golden rule: the larger the aquarium - the better for everyone)
Guppy is one of the most undemanding and at the same time sought-after fish among aquarium owners. Usually always available in every aquarium. At home, they become large and have a longer lifespan than in natural conditions. In the aquarium
Many breeds of guppies are often present in the minds. The natural habitat of guppies is the brackish and fresh water bodies of northern Brazil, Venezuela. They can also be found on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados. In pet stores, guppies are sold in an assortment. The most common breeds are blue cobra, red blond, Moscow blue, scarlet, carpet, blue-green, Berliner, net, dragon head.
There are rare breeds, but you can buy and admire them only in the collections of enthusiastic private breeders. The normal water temperature for guppies is + 23 ° C. They can survive from + 18 ° to + 32 ° C. With a low temperature, the guppies become large, and the lifespan becomes 5 years, but the possibility of getting sick is increasing. At very warm temperatures, these fish live no more than one year and grow small. Pregnancy in this case also becomes shorter, and their children are born very small.
Feeding is important in keeping the fish.It is impossible to give individuals too much feed, as this leads to its subsidence at the bottom, from which the water quickly deteriorates. Adult guppies need to be fed once a day, in small portions and at certain times. Fishes grow well from live food, so you should give them moth, daphnia, rotifers and mosquito larvae. To maintain the brightness of the color of guppies will allow the addition of modern feed containing vitamins and minerals.
Once a week you need to arrange guppies fasting day. Depending on the conditions of the guppies reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-5 months. Every 3-6 weeks, throughout the year, the female brings offspring. To prevent other fish from eating newborns, the female needs to be moved to a 1-5 liter jar at a time when its belly becomes almost rectangular, and the spot at the anal fin is large and very dark.
Guppies fry are large, 5-8 millimeters long, and very mobile. Immediately after birth, they begin to swim briskly through the aquarium, looking for and eating ciliates and small cyclops. Advance should take care that the kids in the aquarium were shelters: pebbles and thickets of small-leaved plants (in the water column and on the surface). It is advisable to feed the first weeks of the fry four times a day in small portions, the second three times and further, up to one and a half to two months, at least two times.
The secret of the popularity of guppies is very simple. Their content is available even to a beginner aquarist. The beauty and variety of shapes and colors are pleasing to the eye. The differences between breeds are very large in a guppy, and in one breed it is difficult to find two completely identical males. By the nature of these fish are cheerful, livable, mobile. But the main thing, however, is that they give birth to live, fully formed fry. Guppy aquarists love these properties.
Conditions of detention
Guppies live at a water temperature of 24-26 ° C. But the practice of breeding has shown that fish are good for cooler water too. Guppies are unpretentious to the volume of the aquarium. They can even live in a 3-pot bank. But, nevertheless, 1 liter of water is needed for one male, and 2 liters of water for the female. The minimum size of the aquarium is at least 40 cm in length and 50 cm in height.
Of great importance for the cultivation of healthy fish is water quality. One of the important parameters of water is its purity. The waste products of guppies quickly pollute the aquarium water. Therefore, the volume of the aquarium should be large enough, it should live microorganisms that process the allocation of fish into organic compounds digestible fish.
One of the best plants for a guppy aquarium is an Indian fern. And, in addition, to maintain the purity of the water, it is necessary to equip the bottom filter.
Another parameter that needs attention is the acidity of the water in the aquarium. As a rule, it should be pH close to 7. An indicator of a sufficient level of acidity, can serve as the appearance of the same, Indian fern. In order not to cause sudden stress in guppies when transplanting from one aquarium to another, it is necessary to monitor that the temperature difference is no more than 2.5 ° C, and the difference of pH values is no more than 0.2.
Another important parameter of water is its hardness, or the amount of salts dissolved in water. The desired level of rigidity should be 4 - 10 ° dH. This is the level of soft water. Water hardness is measured by special devices sold in pet stores.
Soil for aquariums
Two points are important here. The first is the size of the soil particles. They must be of such a size that plants grow well, pass through gases, and water circulates freely. The second point is the solubility of the minerals that make up the soil. If they are highly soluble, i.e. increase the amount of salt and hence the hardness of the water, then such a soil is of little use. Need to pick up something else. Soil should be washed every six months.
The light regime should be, together with natural light no more than 15 hours in summer, and 12-13 hours in winter. The guppy has this effect. With constant light, the fish change their color. For example, with continuous 24-hour light, red colored areas of the body acquired a pink color. After some time, the color was restored. As additional lighting for aquariums with guppies, 15 watt lamps for aquariums of 20–40 liters in summer and 25 watt lamps in winter are used. For 100-liter aquariums 40-watt lamps are used.
Guppies reach sexual maturity at 4-5 months, and females at this age are ready to give birth. They refer to viviparous fish, i.e. they do not spawn, and give birth to full fry. The female is fertilized by the male with the help of a special modified anal fin, called gonopodia. It is equipped with muscles and therefore it can assume the positions necessary for fertilization of the female. Spermatophores once in the body of a female fertilize eggs. But at the same time, they are partially deposited, and after one fertilization, the female may have several litters. The older the female, the greater the number of fry she gives birth to. The spawning of the female is stimulated by increasing the temperature of the water and adding fresh water. After spawning, the female is removed from the fry, because she can eat them.
COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER FISH
If you are going to arrange an aquarium at home, you need to know which fish live with guppies. These fish are peace-loving, and get along well with other peaceful schooling fish: neons, petsiliyami, danios-renio, haratsinovye, swordtails. Guppies do not interfere with those fish that live in the lower layers of water.
Compatibility Guppes - perhaps the most popular aquarists and popular fish. Therefore, the question of whether it is possible to keep barbs together with them is quite logical. In fact, this neighborhood usually does not end well. Guppies, seated to the barbs, will most likely be driven to death. In the same case, if the fish have grown together, with them, of course, nothing will happen. However, the owners of the aquarium will hardly be able to admire the beautiful guppy fins. As mentioned above, barbs and neons, the compatibility of which is also in doubt, get along well if there are a lot of plants in the aquarium. The same goes for guppes. Planted in the aquarium more vallisnerium, kambob, water ferns, etc., and they will be where to hide from annoying striped or green neighbors.
Among themselves, these fish are divided into many subspecies. This is due to the fact that it is very easy to carry out selection work with guppies. It is clear that we simply cannot list all types of guppies here.
Therefore, only some particularly well-known species based on a common feature will be given:
- Veil and scarf;
- Green Smooth;
- Red-tailed Receipt (Berlin);
- Ribbon scarf;
- Receipt or leopard;
- Net gold;
- Smaragd or Guppy Winner;
- Smaragdace gold;
The reason for the popularity of guppies
These fish are great for children - so easy to care for them. The presence of fish will bring up the responsibility of the child. Of course - one of those fish that are recommended for beginners.
But also experienced aquarists guppies are suitable, because in guppy fish breeding occurs very easily, which makes it possible to engage in selection. New species become capricious to the conditions of detention, hardly divorced, so it will not be boring.
Habitat in nature
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water. They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects. Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae. The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms. She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild Guppies in Nature: Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy), Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
To distinguish the female from the male is very, very simple. Males are smaller, slimmer, they have a large tail fin, and anal turned into gonopodias (roughly speaking this is a tube with the help of which males of viviparous fish fertilize a female). The females are larger, they have a large and noticeable belly and usually they are rather pale colored. Even juveniles can be distinguished quite early, as a rule, those of the fry that were first to be painted will be males.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Typically, the female gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch. The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish - oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
How long do they live?
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life. Some fish live up to 5 years.
How often to feed?
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening. Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
Why do they have torn tails?
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins. Regularly change the water to fresh. There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the fish have lost their tail, then this is an alarming sign - either someone breaks it off, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
What are ill and how to treat guppy fish
Diseases of guppies can appear suddenly, and lead to the death of pets. The main sources of disease are infected fish, scenery, plants. Poor water will only help malicious bacteria to multiply. Guppies can suffer from various infections, so fish should be treated promptly.
Columnaria and ichthyophthiriosis
Columnaria. The reason is the bacteria Flexibacter columnaris. Symptoms: a grayish-white plaque or spots on the body of the fish or around its mouth. Sometimes these spots are microscopic, thread-like, especially in the immediate vicinity of the mouth. Often this disease is confused with oral fungus. The state of the guppy fins may deteriorate, the gills will also suffer, ulcers may appear over time in the body. In the advanced stage of the disease, the fish holds the fins close to the body, without opening them. Columnaria is a consequence of poor water quality, where bacteria can easily multiply. Sometimes the cause of the disease can be stress, or an infection brought into the water with new fish.
Treatment: antibacterial drugs, if columnaria is detected in the early stages. In the later stages, antibiotics should be treated. Need to do a water change. Levomycetin and kanamycin are effective against this infection. Levomitsetin take 500 mg per 20 liters of water and diluted in water. After 3-4 applications with the substitution of 25% water, there will be a positive result. Kanamycin - 1 gram per 25 liters of water. It is also possible to cure fish with branded preparations for aquarium fish - Sera Baktopur Direct, JBL Ektol Bac Plus 250, the dosage according to the instructions for use.
Look at what a guppy looks like, infected with columnaria.
Ichthyophthyriosis. The causative agent of the disease is a unicellular parasite Ichthyophthirvus multifiliis. Signs: small white dots on the body of the fish, resembling semolina ("semolina"). Fish itch provokes them to rub themselves against decorations or hard surfaces, which can cause scratches and ulcers on the body. The disease spreads quickly through the aquarium and is highly contagious. White spots of “cysts” will appear on the skin, which will disappear into the water and will give rise to life to new cysts.
Method of treatment: adding salt (5 teaspoons to 4 liters of water), salt must be diluted in water and introduced into the aquarium gradually. You can use special salt baths, where you can dip the fish for 7-10 minutes. It is also possible to cure the disease with the drugs Tripaflavin and Biomitsin in the proportions of 50,000 units of biomitsin and 5 mg of Trypaflavin. They need to be well diluted in water, then added to the quarantine otsadnik with fish. The treatment procedure should be repeated until the white cysts are gone from the body of all the fish. The duration of treatment usually takes 12-15 days.
Watch a video on how to cure ichthyophthyriosis.
Fin Rot and Tetrachiasis
Fin rot. Males of guppy fish suffer from this disease more often, their fins are longer and more sensitive than in females. Symptoms of the disease: the fin rays become opaque, they form streaks with blood. The erosion of the fins can continue until it reaches their base. From a disease caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas, the fish may die.
Treatment: the introduction of the drug Levomycetin in water in the proportions of 1 tablet per 20 liters of water. The tablet must be diluted in water, and add the solution to the general aquarium. Replace 30% of the water every three days. The medicine Bitsillin-5, which is sold in bottles, copes with the harmful disease. The medication is enough for 6 days. The contents of the vial are divided into 6 equal portions, which are dissolved every day in 10 liters of water in a specially prepared bath. The duration of the bath - 3 minutes. Also fin rot can be cured with Tetra General Tonic, Sera Baktopur. Doses of medication - according to the instructions for use.
Guppy Disease, or tetrahimenoz (English Guppy Disease). Pathogen: ciliates Tetrahymena corlissi, Tetrahymena pyriformis. These unicellular parasites can be found in every 6th imported guppy fish. Symptoms: affected fins and mucous membranes of the body. On the skin appears mucous plaque, which disappears in the form of flakes. Fish scales ruffled, tail fin collapses, gills bulging. Guppies greedily inhale the air, slowly "drift" in the water. Later, the parasites penetrate the tissues of the body of the fish, eating them from the inside. It is necessary to take smears from the body of the fish, and to detect in the laboratory of parasites.
Treatment of the disease: FMS preparation (dose of 1 ml per 100 liters of water), furazolidone (1 gram per 100 liters of water), Biseptol (dose of 2 tablets per 100 liters of water). The preparations are dissolved in water and injected into the aquarium in turn. The duration of treatment is 7-10 days. It is better to treat the fish in a prepared jar so that furazolidone does not destroy the plants. In the quarantine cell there should be replaced 40-50% of water every day, introducing a new portion of drugs.