About breeding guppy fish
Guppies - viviparous aquarium fish. Bright, beautiful, miniature, they are characterized by endurance, a wide range of conditions of detention. And most importantly - the selection of guppies does not present any difficulties. They willingly breed in captivity, without requiring special conditions. However, in order to seriously master the breeding of guppies, it is necessary to have information about the features of their reproduction, to understand how to care for fry.
Guppies grow quickly and mature: by three months, as a rule, they are ready to produce offspring. It is very convenient that the males of these fish are different from the females - they are smaller, slimmer, brighter colored. In addition, they have a pointed and coiled anal fin - gonopodia, which plays an important role in reproduction. The female is larger, with a short tail fin.
These fish belong to viviparous. The female does not lay eggs, but gives birth to live, fully formed fry, ready for independent living.
Spawning, preparing an aquarium
Spawning guppies does not require special conditions. But, if you still need to stimulate it, it will be enough to add fresh water to the aquarium a little more often and raise its temperature a couple of degrees. How many fish do you need for breeding? Enough couples - male and female. If you keep a flock, then one male is enough to care for 3-6 females.
Fertility of guppies occurs with the help of a male's modified fin - gonopodium. He is able to take different positions and with his help the male guppy directs seminal fluid into the female.
A guppy's pregnancy is determined by a gradually darkening spot near its anus. Also, of course, the pregnant guppy is getting fat - her belly is gradually increasing. Pregnancy lasts 20-45 days.
Interestingly, single fertilization is enough to ensure that guppies give birth several times. Fry guppies ripen in batches, so birth after mating often occurs - once a month and a half for 3-4 months.
Usually, guppies breed so actively and without problems that they are not deposited in a separate container. The number of fish is controlled naturally - larger fish eat them. If it is important for you to keep the guppy offspring, then it is worthwhile to plant a couple in a separate aquarium and provide them with good care. The main condition of spawning equipment is the presence of lush greenery where fry can hide. After the end of childbirth, parents from babies should be transplanted, as guppies eat their fry.
It is important to take into account one more thing: uncontrolled closely related interbreeding in the offspring causes the manifestation of various external defects, pathologies, weakens their immunity. Therefore, breeding guppies deserves attention.
How many fry a female can produce at a time depends on her size and development. Young on average bring 20-25 kids at a time, adults and large fish - up to one and a half hundreds.
Guppy fry are born very tiny, it is often difficult to see them. Their translucent, grayish coloring, against the background of which only dark eyes stand out, plays a big role in this. The young actively grow, and already after 30-40 days of life they begin to gain "adult" coloring, their gender begins to be determined. At the same time, it is worthwhile to transfer them from a spawn (if they were kept there) into a larger volume.
Special care for babies is not required. What to feed the guppy fry is very easy to determine. The main thing to consider is the size of their mouth. Food should be small enough so that miniature fish can swallow it. You can use specialized feed for juveniles or pounded daphnia, gammarus, Cyclops. Some experienced aquarists offer in the form of food for the first time mashed boiled egg yolk and steep yogurt. Keep in mind that the remnants of such food should be immediately and very carefully removed from the aquarium - they instantly rot and the water can deteriorate. Than to feed guppies fry when they grow up, it is also easy to decide - with the usual food that you use for all other fish.
The kids are transplanted into the general aquarium when they grow large enough not to be eaten.
The simplicity and speed of reproduction, easy care make the selection of these fish very fruitful. Even a beginner aquarist, with due patience and information on how to breed guppies, is able to breed a new interesting breed.
The most important thing in breeding is to avoid inbreeding, that is, closely related crossbreeding, which can negatively affect offspring. Therefore, for breeding, it is optimal to use three pairs of producers at once, which are contained in separate containers, and their progeny crossbreed.
It is also important that in females selected for breeding, the first spawning takes place exactly with the producer you need. There are cases when guppies continued to give birth within a year after mating. Therefore, the use of "virgin" females guarantees you the desired line of offspring.
But even if you do not aim at breeding a new breed, it is still worth controlling reproduction. Otherwise, in a few years, in your aquarium, instead of spectacular pedigree fish, there will be a flock of gupashek with an indistinctly variegated or wild, nondescript coloring and defects of degeneration.
Guppies are really worth it to do. Common and unpretentious, they are nonetheless not at all ordinary. Bright pedigree gupyashki not give way to showiness representatives of the most exotic and capricious aquarium species. And the breeding of these pets - a truly exciting and creative activity, which, moreover, does not require much effort.
How guppies breed :: where guppies lay off :: Aquarium fish
How guppies breed
How well, after returning home after a hard day, get settled in front of the aquarium and with affection to watch the water inhabitants. But not always there is a lot of time to provide proper care for pets, so many people try not to get pedigreed fish, and limited to unpretentious, but bright, colorful, with gorgeous tails of guppies. In addition, breeding them - is not difficult.
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Guppies can be kept in any conditions provided to them. But still, if you want to see healthy and colorful fish, and also dream of breeding and selecting guppies, you need to take care that the volume of water in the aquarium is 2 liters for each male and 4 liters for the female.
Lighting should be 12 hours a day, water filtration is desirable. The preferred water temperature is 24-26 ° C. Guppies are peace-loving fish, so their neighbors may be the same small, calm species. The aquarium should contain open areas for swimming fish and nooks for breeding and rearing fry. In the water where the guppy fish live, to prevent infectious diseases, you can add cooking or sea salt at the rate of 5 grams per 10 liters of water.
Representatives of guppies are viviparous fish, they give birth to fry. For breeding, guppies select the best fry and grow them to puberty in a spacious container, providing rational feeding. When the fry reach three weeks of age, they are seated in different aquariums, taking into account the signs of sex. During this period, males lengthen the first rays of the anal fin, while females appear dark spots on the back of the abdomen.
Guppy puberty occurs in 4-6 months. Fish begin to replant for breeding in a separate aquarium. Two males are taken for one female. They spend about 10 days at the mating site. Spawning is stimulated by regularly changing the water and raising its temperature by 2-3 ° C. The male fertilizes the female with a modified anal fin. Then the males go to the general aquarium, and the female begins to bear the fry. Pregnancy females lasts 3-4 weeks. The number of fry depends on the age of the female mother. Primiparous female brings up to 20 fry, an adult large female, which is more than a year old, can give birth to 150 fishes.
The appearance of fry
The spawning ground where the pregnant female guppy is located should be planted with small-leaved plants so that after birth the fry can hide there. Before giving birth, the female's abdomen increases and becomes square. Spawning can last about a day. Fry fall to the bottom of the aquarium, and then rise to the surface. After the birth of fry, the female must be removed to the general aquarium. Young animals are fed with various feeds, live daphnia, given the size. Fry grow slowly, and males, when they reach puberty, stop growing. The temperature of water influences their quicker maturation; the higher, the better.
An aquarium with guppies does not cause much trouble. Minimal care, your care, good nutrition fry will give you a lot of positive emotions, a sense of responsibility for your favorite pets. Breeding guppies will develop the aesthetic taste of you and your children.
Gupiki fish: how to care
Guppy is a small size viviparous fish. Males are so bright in color that it is impossible to take your eyes off. They are so unpretentious to the conditions of detention that they feel good in the aquarium, even without a filter and aeration of water. Therefore, these fish are ideal for busy people who do not have time to care for the aquarium.
Guppy content in an aquarium
Of course, you can keep a few fish in a 3-liter jar, but they will be cramped and uncomfortable there.
For example, if it is planned to settle no more than 15 individuals, then a 30-liter aquarium is enough.
Priming and decorative items can be selected such that they will like. It should not be forgotten about aquarium plants: they not only produce the necessary oxygen, but also serve as shelter for fry from adult fish.
Temperature water can vary from 18 to 30 degrees. However, 24 degrees is the best option for healthy development and reproduction. To maintain this temperature, it is advisable to purchase a special heater in the pet store for an aquarium that has a water heating regulator.
Artificial lighting in the dark is optional. However, experienced guppy lovers still install additional lighting. Thanks to him, algae grow better and the colors of the fish become much brighter and richer.
To maintain the aquarium in a tidy condition, it is enough to change one third of the water from the total volume once a month. Before that, it is desirable to defend it in an open container for several days.
Guppies love hard water (from 6 to 10 units), however, if we consider the quality of tap water, it is better to get rid of excess sediment. It should be remembered that inject water into the aquarium only at room temperature.
Otherwise, such abrupt changes in the aquatic environment can lead to disruption of the development of fish or even weakening of the immune system and the appearance of diseases.
If we are very lazy to care for the aquarium and do not change the water, it is advisable to install a compressor. He perfectly cope with the purification of water from the remnants of food and other dirt, thereby it will get rid of unnecessary trouble.
There is no point in setting an aerator for saturating water with air, except for beauty, you can hold special tubes at the bottom of the aquarium that allow bubbles. Guppies are undemanding to oxygen, so it is enough to plant some algae in the ground. Plants absorb carbon dioxide and give the aquarium natural beauty.
Guppy feeding regimen and diet
The health, color and longevity of guppies largely depends on the quality and quantity of food. These fish are remarkable in that they are not picky about food.
In general, all food is divided into two groups: dry and live. Algae flakes, daphnia and fortified granules are considered dry. A live food can be considered all seafood, which is almost daily used in food: minced fish fillet, octopus, shrimp and even meat.
Guppies especially love bloodworms, but do not abuse them, because an excessive amount will only pollute the aquarium.
As for the amount of food, it is best to feed the fish several times a day. Depending on age, you can give 1-2 pinches of food at a time.
Fattening your pets is also not an option, because obesity can affect the lifespan and productivity of offspring.
Special attention should be paid to fry. At first they feed on daphnia, but in a bag the food is too large for them. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to rub it with your fingers as small as possible.
How to distinguish the female from the male?
Unlike other species of fish, the sex of a guppy is very easily determined visually. First of all, males in length grow from 2 to 4 cm. They have a bright color and a long flowing tail.
The growth of females can reach up to 6 cm. The most interesting thing is that they look inconspicuous and have a short tail, on which sometimes there can be only small bright spots. In appearance, the female is several times larger than the male and has a dark speck from the bottom of the abdomen. It is surprising that the female at a time can produce from a few dozen to one and a half hundred fry.
The first sign of self-pregnancy is an increase in the abdomen. In general, the entire period of gestation of fry, depending on temperature, can vary from 5 to 7 weeks. Shortly before giving birth, the female is transferred to a separate jar with warm water (24 degrees).
Fry are born and swim on the surface of the water - they swallow air to fill the swim bladder. Immediately after the birth, the female is returned to the aquarium, and the fry are left for several months in the bank. Feed babies can be crushed Daphnia or Cyclops. And only in 2-3 months they can be given live food.
So, guppies are very small and very beautiful inhabitants of the aquarium. Males are amazing color, and females - the ability to reproduce a large number of fry. In this case, fish unpretentious in the care and food. And reproduction does not cause much difficulty. Enough to observe the temperature, provide a balanced diet and have time to transplant the female from the aquarium.
Video about guppy fish: care and maintenance in an aquarium
Rules for keeping guppies
Guppies (lat. Poecilia reticulata) - these fish are among the most popular aquarium pets. Today, there are various breeds of guppies with beautiful fins and bright patterns on the body. They are great for beginners, because the content of guppies in an aquarium will not be difficult. These are viviparous fishes, the females of which produce full fry. They are hardy and unpretentious, but they should be provided with high-quality care and maintenance so that the fish live as long as possible (up to 5 years).
Guppies are omnivorous fish, and should receive both protein and plant foods. At home, they can be fed with processed foods, such as: branded flakes and pellets, live and frozen food (daphnia, bloodworm, artemia, mosquito larvae, strawberry). You can give them fresh chopped vegetables, such as tomatoes, zucchini, spinach, lettuce.
It is advisable to feed twice a day in small portions, rather than once a day in large portions. Fish fry feed even more often because they need to grow and develop. In fry, the stomach is still very small, metabolic processes occur faster - fractional nutrition is safe for them.
In order to avoid nutritional deficiencies, the fish must necessarily receive live foods (artemia). Artemia contains a lot of protein. Eggs from Artemia, which will later hatch, are available at some pet stores, so they can be bred at home.
Guppies should eat up everything you give them. Feeding time - no more than 5 minutes. Remove food residues from the aquarium in a timely manner, otherwise they will pollute the water, oxidize, bringing with them harmful substances.
Feed your pets 6 days a week. Let your fish be one day on an unloading diet. One-day fasting will clean their stomachs and digestive system. As a result, pets will live longer and be healthy.
Watch a video about guppy content and care.
Installation of an aquarium for guppies
Proper fish care can only be ensured if the aquarium is properly installed. Proper setup of the tank does not take much time. Guppies can transfer a wide range of parameters of the aquatic environment: pH 5.8–8.5, although ideally the pH should be 7.0–7.2. The recommended water hardness is 15 dH. Fish are not recommended to settle in banks or round mini-aquariums. It will be uncomfortable for the fish to live there, and caring for them will be difficult - it is difficult to clean the walls of a round can with a scraper. To install the heater, filter, compressor, lighting, decor and plants, you need a spacious rectangular tank. The breeding of fish should also occur in a rectangular aquarium or spawning.
To prevent the temperature of the water from fluctuating within wide limits, install a heater in the aquarium that will regulate it. Guppies prefer water at a temperature of 23-26 ° C.If you need to quickly grow fry fish or stimulate reproduction, you can raise the temperature to 27-28 degrees.
Quality care is not possible without lighting, which can indicate many problems in the aquarium. Bright lighting will be a source of vitamin D, and the lack of light can cause spinal curvature. Abundant, constant coverage will also harm pets. For fry, the optimal amount of daylight hours is 4 hours a day, and 8 hours of darkness. At night, the light must be turned off (after 8-10 hours of light for adult fish). You can purchase a timer for luminaires, which are automatically turned on and off every day.
Filtration system - to keep the aquarium water clean. When the filter filler begins to darken, it is a signal that it is time to replace it. It is impossible to replace all the filtration systems at once, otherwise the beneficial bacteria will disappear. They decompose ammonia in water, which is formed from fish waste. It is better to cut the sponge, and replace the second half with a new one. If you use activated carbon as a filler, change it more often and according to the instructions. Also replace once a week with 25% water for fresh.
Air pump - supplies oxygen to the aquarium water. It will pump out air bubbles and create a current, saturating water with oxygen. Plant in aquarium live plants that also emit oxygen. These can be stile-leaved species: anubias, cryptocoryne, elodea, arrowhead, aponogeton and others.
The scenery - not only decorate the aquarium, but can also serve as a shelter for fish. At the bottom of the aquarium, lay out sand or gravel, in which it is easier to place live plants and structures. Do not forget to install shelters in the form of caves, grottoes, pipes, clay pots.
See how the guppy fry are born.
Guppy Breeding Rules
Breeding guppies and caring for their fry is quite simple. Fish that have reached the reproductive cycle, enter reproduction by themselves, being in the general aquarium. Before giving birth, the female's abdomen swells severely, becoming almost square in shape. As a rule, they give birth within a month, so the pregnancy of the fish is easy to notice.
Already a few days before giving birth, a separate tank for fry should be ready, since breeding guppies is fraught with parents eating the fry. To increase the chances of survival of fry, you can put dense bushes of living plants in the general aquarium, which will create shelters. You can prepare a separate pit for the female, which has holes for fry. After the female has given birth to fry (sometimes it can happen within 24 hours or more), she can be transplanted into the general aquarium almost immediately. But it is better to place the female guppy in a tank with a separator a week before giving birth. With a sharp change in the situation, the female may have a miscarriage.
In fry, immunity is not as strong as in adults. Fry need to be fed frequently - 3-4 times a day. Guppy fry should be 2.5 cm in length per day when they are placed in a common aquarium with adult fish. Starter feed - Artemia larvae, branded food for guppy fry.
Aquarium Guppies - the best fish for beginners
Guppy - the most common type of aquarium inhabitants. These colorful fish with large iridescent tail. Often, talking about his hobby, experienced aquarists say that let them begin with her purchase. In addition, guppies are ideal test subjects for studying genetic mutations. Males of this species are much larger and more beautiful than females. Their tails are much larger than those of females, and differ in their original, unusual coloring. The small size of the fish - from 1.5 to 3 cm allows you to make them the center of the aquarium world. Females are much larger - about 6 cm, but have not such a beautiful color. Today, with the help of selection, beautiful individuals of females have been obtained, but their cost is much higher. You can see the possible options of fish in the photo, which is full of internet.
Aquarium guppies are ideal for beginner breeders. It is so easy to care for them that a child can cope with it. For their breeding, an aquarium of 15 - 35 liters for 6-8 pieces is enough. This aquarium has a very small size, so is ideal for small children's rooms. In addition, you can save space due to the fact that you do not need to provide the fish with additional filtration of water - they have enough fresh plants, but be prepared that you will have to clean the water and the soil more often.
Do not ignore the additional lighting. But due to the fact that the aquarium is small, it will be enough for a table lamp in the evening. In food, fish is picky. For its feeding, you can use industrial feed from a jar bought in the nearest store. Dry feeds are also enjoyed by them. This type of aquarium dwellers attracts those who are forced to constantly leave home. Guppies easily tolerate weekly breaks, so no need to ask friends to constantly come and feed your inhabitants. Constant overfeeding, on the contrary, can kill young stock. Overeating fish begin to die. From the above, we can conclude that the breeding of aquarium guppies are not troublesome and not expensive.
In addition, the aquarium - it is very beautiful. If you place a different decor on the bottom, you can create real masterpieces, capture them in the photo and show off to friends and companions
Varieties of aquarium dwellers
Today, guppies are very common in the wild. The main condition for reproduction is warm, fresh water. Initially, their breeding was done artificially to protect people from the malaria mosquito. A large number of guppies were eaten by insect larvae that were near the water's edge. Today they can be found in Russia, there are quite a lot of them in warm, runoff places. It is believed that the first fish got there, thanks to amateurs - aquarists.
There are varieties in shape, size and color. They may have different fins, tails. The fact is that, being carried away by breeding, scientists were able to cross individuals from different water bodies together, so it’s unrealistic to say how many species there are in guppies. The main difference of one species from another is considered tails.
The most common types of caudal fins are:
- Two swords, one located under the other fins;
- Round tail fin;
- One sword;
Among the breeders, single-colored guppy breeds are very much appreciated, as they look very impressive and will undoubtedly be a decoration for any aquarium. They are justly proud of guppies, displaying numerous photos online.
In many countries, aquarists create associations that hold exhibitions and congresses, communicate according to their interests. Aquarium guppies are very popular, so you can easily find like-minded people.
Maintenance and care
As mentioned above, guppies are completely unpretentious to the conditions of existence, but some rules should still be followed. The composition of food and water for ordinary fish does not matter, but if you decide to breed elite breed, you will have to create comfortable conditions:
- Water temperature should not be lower than 18 and not higher than 20 degrees;
- The optimum water hardness is 6 - 10 degrees;
- Three times a day;
- Use only distilled water;
- At least 1 liter of water per male and 2 per female.
It is good to add 1 teaspoon of table salt to 10 liters of water in water. For elite rocks, it is necessary to provide filtration and aeration devices.
You must be very careful about the number of males and females in the same aquarium. The fact is that in the struggle for leadership, males can hurt each other. But usually severe injuries do not happen. If you decide to make a mixed aquarium, then you need to carefully pick roommates for guppies. These fish are very harmless and can not harm anyone, so they are easy prey for others. Most often beautiful tails of males suffer from the attacks of neighbors. However, given the huge number of varieties of guppes, and a single-species aquarium can be made a real work of art, capturing on a photo that you can easily win at competitions held in associations of interests.
The color of the males is greatly influenced by sufficient light, so watch the additional lighting carefully and place the aquarium so that sunlight does not aggressively fall on the guppy.
With feeding, they also have no problems. They are ready to eat anything. For them, the type of food does not matter. But if you want to grow very beautiful guppies, then it is advisable to alternate types of feed, not forgetting the live feed that you can buy at pet stores. The life cycle of these fish is about 2 years. However, this figure may vary depending on the conditions of detention. For example, water temperature is very important. The higher its degree, the faster they develop and the duration of life is reduced. Increase vitality, aquarium guppies can due to the large number of green plants. The abundance of algae will help females to hide from males, and fry from large individuals.
Breeding and breeding
Guppies are one of the most easily bred breeds, so their population is growing so fast. In order to do their breeding you do not have to make a lot of effort. Enough to provide them with comfortable conditions. It is surprising that fish can breed without a male. This is due to the first fertilization. That is, the female can breed several times during one "meeting" with the male. Therefore, to start breeding, you can buy only one female and you will receive about 8 litters.
Viviparous guppies, so they do not need a place for throwing caviar. Fry appear completely independent. They are already swimming and ready to take full adult food. Photo fry can often be found on the Internet - they differ from their parents only in size, otherwise it is a full-fledged fish.
After you have noticed that the female is "in position", sediment her from the others. Although the pregnancy lasts about 30 days, in a separate dwelling it will be much more comfortable. After the fry are swept up, it needs to be deposited. Hungry guppies can eat their own offspring, so for the first time, it is better for young animals to live separately in an aquarium with small-leaved plants, and when they get stronger, return them back.
In aquarist communities, all thickets began to appear messages about aggressive behavior. Sometimes relationships in a flock can lead to a deplorable outcome for the weakest. If you notice something wrong in your aquarium, then reconsider the conditions of their maintenance, it is quite possible that they just closely.
Guppy content video: