Gold fish

Content of goldfish in an aquarium

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Gold Aquarium Fish

Despite the huge number of breeds of domestic fish, golden aquarium fish are considered to be their kings, to which the article is dedicated.

Legendary breed requires a special relationship to yourself - you need to know the features of feeding and care. Consider these questions, but first a little history ...

Goldfish: Start

This fish appeared more than fifteen centuries ago, in ancient China. The Chinese domesticated the goldfish and as a result, golden aquarium fish appeared. Very soon, these fish appeared in the garden ponds of Chinese nobility.
After some time, and the Koreans began to breed this fish.

Then the fish began its triumphal procession, or rather swimming, to the West. She reached Russia in the middle of the 18th century.

Some general information

The main colors of gold aquarium fish are:

  • pale pink and red;
  • white and yellow;
  • fiery red and dark bronze;
  • black and black and blue;

The body of the fish is slightly compressed from the sides and has an elongated shape. If you provide special conditions, the fish can grow up to 30-35 centimeters, although in domestic aquariums its size is much more modest.

Contain goldfish is not as easy as it seems at first glance. The capacity of the aquarium should be at least fifty liters. It should be noted that with an increase in the capacity of the aquarium, you can slightly condense the "demographics" - you can settle two fish in the metropolitan aquarium, if the volume of the aquarium is 150 liters, then 4 fish can live in it and so on.

But in this case there is an important nuance - it is necessary to organize an intensive filtration and change the water more often. It is best not to experiment - the fish are very gentle and will easily die if "overpopulation" occurs in the aquarium.

At the bottom of the aquarium need soil from coarse sand or pebbles. The aquarium should give the fish plenty of room to move and there should be plants with hard large leaves and a strong root system, such as elodea, sagittaria, vallyssneria, etc.

A good fact is that goldfish can live peacefully in the aquarium with other fish. The main thing that the neighbors were calm.

Natural lighting, good water filtration and aeration are the main conditions, without which it is impossible to ensure a quiet life for goldfish in an aquarium.

By the way, short-bodied fish, such as a telescope or a tailtail, need more water than long-bodied (comet, ordinary goldfish and shubunkin), with an equal body length.

Optimal conditions of detention

Let's take a closer look at how to keep your live "gold" in an aquarium.

Proper maintenance of goldfish in an aquarium begins with good soil. As mentioned above, suitable pebbles, coarse sand and a fraction of gravel, the size of 3-5 millimeters. True, the fish love to sort through the faction in the mouth, so there is a risk that the fish will choke. So the fraction should be very small or, on the contrary, very large. Do not forget to install a filter that provides cleaning the soil.

When the content of goldfish there is one major problem - the pollution of the aquarium. Not only do the fishes pretend to be mole-diggers, they also have to get rid of waste. As a result, the water is polluted and, in order to avoid a bad end, you need a quality internal filter.

It is advisable to install an external filter to ensure biofiltration. Although this condition is not mandatory, but the external filter will help save space in the aquarium for your fish, and it should be cleaned less often.

When buying a filter (both internal and external), pay attention to the performance - it should be at least three or four volumes of the aquarium per hour.

You also need a heater to keep the temperature within 22-25 C. However, with heating you should not be zealous, otherwise you will do your pet a disservice - in warm water the fish age very quickly.

For the safe keeping of goldfish, a compressor is needed, otherwise they will experience "oxygen starvation", because this species needs a lot of oxygen in the water.

And finally, the last important element - the UV sterilizer, which will destroy the parasites. We will talk about illnesses a bit later.

Finished with the technical equipment of the aquarium, move on to the plants. Fish will live well in an aquarium in which live plants grow. Plants are beneficial for at least three reasons:

  1. They improve the ecological situation in the aquatic environment.
  2. Help fight algae.
  3. They are an excellent "supplement" to the diet of your goldfish - dilute their diet and supply them with beneficial vitamins.

However, some fish owners are afraid that the bitten plants will spoil the picture in the aquarium, make it a kind of post-apocalyptic place. Such people may be advised to plant lemongrass, anubias, echinodorus or any other plant with hard leaves. A double effect will be achieved - and your pets are well, and the ecological situation does not cause concern.

Fish health

All the owners of aquariums are very concerned about the disease of goldfish, because such delicate creatures can easily die if you do not take appropriate measures.

To understand whether a fish is sick or not, you need to pay attention to its mobility, appetite, brightness of color and shine of scales.

The dorsal fin also tells about health problems - if the fish does not hold it vertically, then something is wrong. A plaque that has appeared on the body or formations that have suddenly arisen are a signal that the matter has already gone far.
When these signs appear, you must immediately isolate the sick fish from the rest. Sick fish should be placed in a large aquarium with salt water - the concentration is 20 grams of salt per liter of clean tap water. Water temperature should not exceed 18 With. Keep the fish in the aquarium for three days, while changing the solution every day.

Here is a list of common goldfish diseases:

  1. Scale clouding followed by scabies. It is necessary to immediately change all the water;
  2. If hyphae appear in the fish - white strings perpendicular to the body, then it has ringworm or simply a fungus. Immediately take action, otherwise the hyphae will sprout inside the body and the fish will fall to the bottom, but it will not float;
  3. Fishpox is called multi-colored tumors (white, pinkish, gray), occupying the skin and fins. Tumors are not a threat, but badly spoil the beauty of the fish and are not treatable;
  4. Dropsy with subsequent sepsis is a terrible threat to goldfish. The chance to save the fish is only at the initial stage of the disease, when the patient is “resettled” into running water and bathed in a solution of potassium permanganate every other day for a quarter of an hour;
  5. If you feed the fish with bad food, or feed them for a long time with dried daphnia, bloodworms and gammarus, their stomach will quickly become inflamed;

In addition to these diseases of goldfish, there are still many ailments, so it is best to consult a specialist in the issue of disease prevention.

Goldfish - Golden Palace!

Making an aquarium of pure gold, of course, is unprofitable, but you need to take care of the design. This fish and apartments are needed to match!

However, the design of the aquarium should be carefully thought out, otherwise the pets will have a bad time. For example, luxurious underwater castles and grottoes will be a danger to them - they can damage their eyes, fins, or be injured in some other way.

If the desire to have an originally designed aquarium does not give the owner peace of mind, then the best solution would be to consult with knowledgeable people. You can only give general advice about the aquarium - it should be large, at least 100 liters. It is easier to care for a large aquarium, besides, several fish will calmly take root in it. A cheerful flock of goldfish decorates the aquarium much better than the most elegant design, invented by the master.

And the Lord said, "Be fruitful and multiply."

Consider the reproduction of goldfish.

If the owner can provide good conditions in the aquarium, the fish will reach sexual maturity by the second year of their lives.

When the spawning period is approaching, you need to help your pets. For this you need to give them more live food than they usually get.

In order for breeding to take place without a hitch, you need to prepare an aquarium of at least 70-80 liters. The necessary conditions:

  • water layer should be about 20-30 centimeters;
  • in the aquarium should be a lot of small-leaf plants;
  • water temperature should be kept in the range of 22 Co to 26 Co;
  • constant filtration and aeration of water;

Three fish - a female and two males participate in spawning, and the process lasts 5-6 hours. Then the males must be removed, otherwise they will not destroy the clutch. This is the difficulty of breeding goldfish.

Larvae will appear in three or four days, and in another two or three days they will become fry.

When breeding goldfish is very important that all participants are healthy.

Road Tips

Here are a few recommendations that will make caring for goldfish effective.

No need to overfeed the goldfish. This fish does not know the measures and can easily overeat, which will affect its health. Do not feed more than it eats in three minutes.

You need to regularly check the water for levels of nitrite, ammonium, pH and nitrates. Acceptable levels of pH and nitrates are considered to be 8 and 40, respectively. Ammonium and nitrite should not be present in water at all!

Accurately following the advice given in the article, you can achieve excellent results: a cheerful flock will revive the room, and cheer people up, and caring for goldfish will turn from routine duty into an interesting activity.

Breeding and maintenance of goldfish. Goldfish Care

Goldfish in the content of unpretentious, but there are a number of features that should be considered so that your fish do not suffer from unwanted neighbors or as a result of improper care.

Long-bodied and short-bodied

Whether short-haired goldfish and long-bodied fish can live together is not an idle question. Despite the fact that these are two varieties of the same fish, it is better to keep them separate from each other. The nature of long-bodied goldfish is characterized by mobility, these fish prefer to move in flocks. It is better to keep them in ponds, because the size of a fish without a tail reaches 30 centimeters. If, nevertheless, you decide to put them in an aquarium, it should be quite spacious (about 200 liters). Such fish as a wakin, a comet or a shubunkin are hardy, unpretentious and not very sensitive, but due to temperament, it is better to keep them separate from their relatives.

The same statement applies to short goldfish. For example, the telescope does not differ in agility, and the sight of this fish is not very strong, therefore, it will not have time to grab food, unlike its more powerful neighbors in the aquarium. The most unpretentious among the short-bodied goldfish are ruinkin and fantail, followed by such fish as the oranda, telescope, ranch, astrologer and lionhead. The most "difficult" recognized pearl and water eyes.

Goldfish Care

The best option would be to purchase an aquarium of 100 liters for two goldfish. In this case, they will be where to swim, and they will be able to grow to its maximum size. In order not to hurt the main decoration of a goldfish - a veil fin, choose an aquarium with a length of at least one meter and a width of at least 30 cm.

Aquarium equipment

Care for goldfish is very important. Be sure to take care of the technical equipment of the aquarium for fish. Since goldfish can quickly pollute their homes, the larger the area of ​​the aquarium, the lower the concentration of ammonia in the water. Of course, it is necessary to install a powerful aquarium filter for keeping goldfish. Along with the filter, it is necessary to equip the home of the fish with a thermostat and an aerator. Water hardness should be dGH up to 20 °, and acidity should be pH 6.5-8.0. Twice a week it is necessary to replace from 20 to 35% of the volume of water. Naturally, the water should be separated and have a temperature equal to the temperature of the water in the aquarium.

Goldfish adore plant foods. It is advisable to choose for them hard-leaved plants with powerful roots. In order not to dig the fish plants, you can plant plantings in pots and put stones on them.

A special feature of goldfish is the constant digging of soil. This is not surprising, since they are descendants of crucians. That is why it is necessary to choose coarse sand for them, the fraction of which does not exceed 1-3 mm, and there are no sharp edges.

Goldfish are unpretentious in food, but you should not overfeed them, enough to feed them once a day. If you take into account all the features of the content of the fish, they will remain healthy and will be able to please you and your loved ones for a long time.

Goldfish Care

If an aquarium appeared in the house, the goldfish will most likely be its first inhabitant. Many people mistakenly believe that caring for a goldfish does not require special skills, because it is often bought first. For experienced aquarists, this is really not difficult, but for beginners the fish can live only a few days. Any aquarium fish always requires the preparation and reading of special literature from its owner.

Content of goldfish in an aquarium

The capacity of an aquarium for a goldfish must be at least 50 liters. In such an aquarium, you can settle up to 6 individuals, it is dangerous to settle more - they most likely will not survive due to excessive pollution. You can share your neighbors with goldfish. It may well get along with them scalar, catfish. Before you start an aquarium, familiarize yourself with all possible diseases of goldfish. Knowing the symptoms will help you quickly recognize the disease and save the fish. Here are some basic rules for keeping a goldfish in an aquarium:

  • Do not skimp on the "living space". For a goldfish you need a large aquarium. This is more convenient, it is easier to maintain biobalance.
  • Buying the right filter. You need to choose an aquarium filter with the ability to pump air. A goldfish needs oxygen-rich water.
  • The ideal bottom for keeping fish is gravel. It contains beneficial bacteria. These bacteria consume ammonia and thus lower its level in water. Try to choose coarse gravel, small fish can eat.
  • Do not rush to populate a new aquarium. Let the biobalance settle in it. You can run snails and catfish there for a while. They a little "pollute" the aquarium, then the water will be suitable for running the fish.
  • Periodically check the following water tests: pH level (it should be 7-8), ammonium level, nitrites and nitrates (up to 40 is considered normal).
  • Place a thermometer. Goldfish belongs to tropical species. In cold water, it simply will not survive. The ideal water temperature for goldfish is 21 ° C.
  • Change water regularly. For an aquarium of 5-10 liters, it is enough to change 20-30% of water. Doing this once or twice a week is enough. In the new water, you can add a special conditioner. Complete replacement of water can disrupt the biobalance and harm the inhabitants of the aquarium.

Goldfish food

Feed the goldfish should be a special feed. Food for goldfish produced in the form of flakes or granules. If you want to pamper your pet, you can add to the diet finely chopped lettuce or pieces of hard-boiled egg. Goldfish do not know the measures in food and overfeeding them is very simple. In order to avoid such troubles, carefully measure the amount of food that the fish managed to eat during the first three minutes of feeding. In the future, do not give her more.

Algae for goldfish

It is best to use artificial plants. From living plants Javanese moss is best suited. Prefer sedge plants with strong and elongated leaves. The wider the sheet, the better. If you decide to keep a goldfish in a small aquarium, it is better to completely abandon the plants or simply use a few artificial decorative elements.

Caring for a goldfish is very scrupulous and difficult only at the beginning. When you learn a little about all the tricks of this business, the eye will delight the beautiful clean aquarium and its well-groomed inhabitants. By the way, in the teaching of feng shui, a goldfish is a symbol of harmony and prosperity. In addition, it is a symbol of material well-being, so take good care of your darling.

Reproduction and breeding of goldfish


Reproduction and breeding of goldfish

in aquarium

Goldfish is one of the most ancient aquarium fish. Their story begins with the first century of our Era and Ancient China. Even then, the emperors of the East and Buddhist monks began to maintain, breed and select goldfish.

Actually, therefore, at present there are a great many aquarium goldfish, and their cost can vary from 2 dollars to several thousand US.

So, if you want to feel like a true goldfish breeder, emperor or Buddhist monk, then this article is for you!


Breeding or breeding goldfish, is not a difficult task.

However, goldfish are not guppies and in order to get offspring you still have to work hard and be patient. In addition, you need to have a sufficient number of aquariums or ponds.


You can't get off with one aquarium!

Goldfish breed independently, without any hormonal injections or without creating too specific conditions. Actual, good maintenance and proper feeding is the criterion and incentive for spawning producers. All types of goldfish can spawn in aquariums of a small volume of 30 liters. However, better results can be achieved in larger aquariums or in ponds.

Spawning of goldfish can occur at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius, but it is better to maintain the temperature of the aquarium water at a level of 22-24 degrees Celsius. After replanting manufacturers increase the temperature by 2 degrees. The water level in the spawning pond should be 20-25 centimeters, the water should often be replaced by fresh and purged.

Unlike many other spawning aquariums, spawning for goldfish should be well consecrated all light day. If it is a pond, then the sunlight should be diffused, and the pond should be equipped with shelters in the form of floating plants.

Producers are planted in a spawning aquarium in the ratio of 1 female to 2-3 males and richly fed with live food (bloodworms, earthworms, daphnia, ground meat with bread, etc.). At the same time they try to select manufacturers based on their size. Especially females - the bigger they are, the more eggs they sweep out. And vice versa - small females toss less eggs. They equip an aquarium with vegetation (such as a combo, riccia, duckweed, a peristist, etc.), and do not carpe the bottom of the aquarium - on a clean bottom the eggs retain and do not die, but some aquarists set up a separate grid. Sexual maturity in fish comes to a year of life. In this case, the males appear on the gills white bumps and the so-called "saw" on the front paired fins, and the females are growing stout with caviar, their body is bent. For more information, see: HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF A GOLDEN FISH: A male and a female!

A female matured for breeding emits a special substance that has a characteristic odor and is particularly concentrated in the genital organs. Actually, this smell attracts males and is a signal of a female's readiness for reproduction. Under the influence of this secretion males begin to swim for females.

Under pond conditions, it is recommended to perform the above spawning manipulations in March – April, with the expectation that spawning will begin in May – June. It is believed that this is the most prosperous time for the successful ripening of caviar. In addition, at this time it is easier to provide the eggs and fry with the necessary comfort.

If the courtship of the males began earlier than March - April and the spawning should be delayed, the producers are seated and also the water temperature is lowered to the desired period (period).

The peak of reproduction of goldfish is accompanied by violent courtship of the males - they chase the female around the reservoir, and on the day of spawning, these courtships look like a frank pursuit.

Taking into account such features, the spawning aquarium is equipped with soft aquarium plants and not sharp decor (it is better without it at all). Otherwise, the fishes will sweep, and their fins will be torn after spawning.

The spawning begins with the first rays of the sun and lasts 6 hours. Spawning gold can every month until October. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 3000 eggs. In the "home" spawning of goldfish can sometimes occur continuously - year-round. However, this leads to the exhaustion of manufacturers, and in this case they should be given rest, seated in different aquariums.

Photo Caviar Goldfish

Caviar ejection occurs gradually. - the female driven by the males touches the vegetation or the walls of the aquarium and releases 10-30 eggs, which the males immediately fertilize - watering the eggs with milt.

Then, sticky caviar falls to the bottom or sticks to the plants.

Eggs on the first day are slightly orange and slightly flattened, the diameter of eggs is up to 1.5 millimeters. On the third day, the eggs are straightened and discolored, in connection with which they are difficult to detect.

Immediately after spawning, the producers are removed from the spawning tank, otherwise the offspring will be eaten.

The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 10-15 centimeters and protected from overheating and excessive sunlight (if it is a pond). Aquarium intensively aerated.

The appearance of fry from caviar depends on the water temperature. At a water temperature of 22-24 degrees Celsius - the incubation period is 4-5 days, but at a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius it can reach 7-8 days.

On the second day after the appearance of the young in the aquarium, it is recommended to launch snails (for example, coils) so that they eat the dead and not fertilized eggs. You can carefully assemble yourself, but it is more difficult than it seems. It is very important not to kill the young. At the same time, leaving the dead calf is fraught with - live larvae do not tolerate "dirt" and can get sick.

Young goldfish in the first days is weak and harmless, in fact it looks like a reed with eyes and a yolk vesicle in the middle (the yolk bubble is necessary for obtaining nutrients in the first days of life). Fry move in spurts and can stick to the stop.

After about 2-3 days, they begin to blithely float around the reservoir, and from this point on, the young need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, the finest alga, and other finely ground to feed dust. After 2 weeks, you can give larger feed. At the age of one month, juveniles are capable of taking small bloodworms. As a starter feed, they also use egg yolk finely ground in water, as well as the soaked oatmeal grated in the dust. The fry are fed abundantly, but in portions - little by little but often.

photo larva Golden Fish
1 day

We can recommend the following feed for young goldfish.

JBL GoldPearls mini is premium class granules, packaged in 100 ml.

It has a special recipe ideal for young fish. The diameter of the granulated feed 1-2 mm. Contains spirulina and carotenoids, which contribute to the development of good fish color, contain proteins (10%) from wheat germ, fatty acids.

After two weeks the fry are planted in a 30 liter aquarium at the rate of 250 fry per aquarium. Aquariums flush or replace water frequently. Without purging, it is recommended that 120 fry be planted per aquarium. So they contain up to 2 months of age, gradually sorting by size and reducing their number. Fry are caught not with a net, but with a saucer or other utensils. So they are easier to get and count.


Photo spawning hotbed for goldfish

Sorting carried out on the principle of rejection. Harvested juveniles with defects, juveniles lagging behind in growth, etc. In the end, get pedigree goldfish.

Defective and non-standard young, unfortunately kill. First, because it, as a rule, does not survive itself, and secondly, even if it survives, nothing good comes out of it. With its further content, you risk getting outbred offspring "bastards", but if you go further, then the fish just degenerate into goldfish.

At first, the scaled juveniles of goldfish have a silver-gray color, like the progenitor of the goldfish. Coloring appears only at the age of 3-5 months. To improve the brightness of the fish color, it is recommended that "sunbathing" light should be diffused. In an artificial reservoir, no shading is necessary, on the contrary, the aquarium is intensively illuminated with lamps. It is worth noting that the color of goldfish can vary in fact a lifetime.

Scaleless fry do not pass the aforementioned period of silver color and already at two weeks of age begin to turn into their final color.

Juveniles of goldfish are very capricious and prone to disease. To avoid mortality of offspring, you should regularly monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium, aeration and filtration. Constantly monitor the population - do not forget to settle as they grow.

When breeding goldfish need to strictly observe the species crossing. All goldfish can interbreed with each other (for example, veil tails with comets).

photo whitebait goldfish
1 month However, this will lead to degeneration and out-of-curry scrofula.

Summing up, you can make a short list of what you need for breeding goldfish:

- one-year-old males: 1 female, 2-3 males.

- aquariums: the main from 150 liters, spawning from 30 liters, aquarium for youngsters; (aquariums should be illuminated).

- aquarium soft-leaved plants;

- of course: aeration, filtration, thermostat;

- feed for fry;

- improvised aquarium equipment;

- suction water;

If you still have questions, you can ask them to our expert on fish breeding Vitaly Chernyavsky, HERE!

fanfishka.ru

Content of aquarium fish

Aquariums with fish are often found at home and in cafes, offices and shops. Aquariums are a great decoration of the room and an excellent way to communicate with animals.

The content of aquarium fish of different breeds is not significant, but different. Ground rule content of any aquarium fish is the use of specially prepared water. Most domestic fish feel most comfortable in water that has been settled for at least 7 days. In no case can not be used for an aquarium ordinary water from the tap - it can destroy all its inhabitants.

Goldfish Content

Goldfish is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Its bright colors and beautiful fins like both adults and children. The content of goldfish in an aquarium is considered simple and does not take much time. In order for goldfish to be healthy and feel good in an aquarium, they need the following conditions:

  • a large aquarium, at least 100 liters;
  • powerful filtration and aeration system;
  • regular replacement of water (in small parts);
  • small population density of goldfish.

In an aquarium with goldfish it is recommended to plant the plants. They contribute to a good ecological situation and are a kind of feeding for fish. The only disadvantage is that goldfish in a short time eat up all the vegetation in the aquarium. Therefore, it is necessary to plant new plants often enough.

Replacing the water in an aquarium with fish should be carried out once a week, and not to replace the entire volume, but a small part of it. Also, the owner should control the degree of contamination of the filters and clean them as needed.

The content of parrot fish

Parrot fish love warm water, up to 30 degrees. Like other species, they need aeration and regular filtration of water. An important rule of keeping parrot fish in an aquarium is regular partial replacement of water - 10% of the total volume 2 times a week. In the aquarium should be planted plants and make special caves, shelters, secluded places.

The remaining rules for the maintenance of a parrot aquarium fish do not differ from the general recommendations for the maintenance of aquarium fish.

Content of a cockerel fish

Cockerel fish is popularly called "fighting fish". She received this nickname because of her frequent fights with other inhabitants of the aquarium. In this regard, many are afraid to move the cockerel fish in the aquarium with other fish. In fact, these concerns are completely groundless. The cockerel fish only fights with individuals of its own species, and is indifferent to other residents of the aquarium. Therefore, keeping these fish in an aquarium with other fish is safe. And stunningly bright large fins delight the eye of everyone who is near the aquarium.

Males feel comfortable in small aquariums with moderately warm water - no more than 25 degrees. For these fish it is important to ensure the proper situation in the aquarium - the presence of plants, soil. An aquarium with several individuals should be divided by partitions - the cockerel fish need "their own territory". As many plants as possible should be planted in the aquarium - they carry out natural water filtration and aeration. Also, create a more natural environment for fish in the aquarium.

Another important rule for keeping cockerel fish in an aquarium is to exclude any sharp objects from it. The sharp corner or the edge of the decorative aquarium figurine can cut off the luxurious fins of a fish.

Content of neon fish and guppy fish

Neons and guppies are beautiful schooling and very unpretentious fish. They feel comfortable in water from 18 to 28 degrees and tolerate water of almost any quality well.

Keep neon fish and guppies should be separated, as guppies are viviparous, and neons spawn.

For guppies and neons, you should follow the general guidelines for aeration and filtration of water in the aquarium.

Shubunkin - a goldfish: content, compatibility, photo-video review


Carassius auratus Shubunkin - goldfish

Detachment, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 15-30.

Ph: 6-8.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all peaceful fish (danios, thorns, speckled catfish, neons, etc.)

Personal experience and useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the "Goldfish" nibbled and left a lot of "kakul". So, THIS IS NOT TRUE !!! He himself repeatedly turned on such fish and at the moment one of the aquariums is busy with them ... there is no dirt - I spend the easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be frightened sellers tales !!! Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of "kakulyami", bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmos kyuli), and other orderlies from the aquarium !!!

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation - do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

Shubunkin is another breeding form of "Golden Fish", derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like shubunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.

According to the shape of the body, shubunkin is an ordinary goldfish. The fins resemble another species of goldfish - the comet. Caudal fin not forked fork. The main distinctive feature of this breed is transparent scales, which is why it is sometimes called scaly-free. Variegated color, dominated by red, yellow, black and blue colors. The most valuable specimens of shubunkin have a color dominated by blue colors. The blue color in coloring appears only in the second - third year of life.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding - the key to success is the balance of the feed. The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. The minimum volume of the aquarium 80 liters per pair. Pearl neighbors should not be active and especially aggressive fish - barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Optimum conditions of maintenance: temperature 15-30 С, hardness dGH up to 20, pH 6-8, intensive filtration, regular water changes up to 30% per week. Prefers a community of its own kind, bright light, an abundance of free space. At registration of a reservoir it is recommended to use loose small-fraction soil, stones, snags, live or plastic plants, including floating. Design elements should not have sharp edges about which fish can tear off the fins. The maximum size is 20 cm.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. Food: large frozen and dry food, including specialized, intended for cold-water ornamental fish.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

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