Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. Control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it is appropriate to have shelters of stones, snags, grottoes, etc. The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
Cockerel Fish - care and maintenance
Only 50 years ago we had Siamese cockerels. Some of their picky character attracts, others scare away, but no one will argue with the beauty and grace of these fish.
Origin and features
The males came to us from Southeast Asia. The habitual environment for them is silted water, poor in oxygen. At home, they are better known under the name Betta, Siamese fighting fish, in our country - like a cockerel. Breeding of individuals began in Siam (Thailand) in the late 19th century, this breed spread very quickly throughout the world.
Individuals can be of different colors and shades: one, two or multi-color. The length of the males reaches 5 cm, the females are not so large. However, even such unimpressive dimensions do not interfere with possessing an aggressive character. Cock aquarium fights are very popular in Asia. The color of the males is much brighter; during the collision or grooming of the female, it becomes even more saturated. Selection helped to make the tail and fins even longer and more magnificent.
A feature of the "cock" is that in addition to the gills they also have a labyrinth organ of respiration. In it, the blood is saturated with air swallowed by the mouth. That is why this breed is not so critical to stay in the water, where the level of dissolved oxygen is lowered.
Rooster aquarium fish - features of maintenance and care
Males do not need bulk containers. Fry and spawning feel wonderful in a 2-liter jar; it is desirable for an adult to have at least 4 liters of water at its disposal. If there are several cockerels in one aquarium, make sure that there is only one male among them, otherwise aggressive games cannot be avoided. Not very well, they get along with swordtails, barbs, danios. Females are calmer, so there should be no conflicts. Compatibility test will be passed with neon iris, otsinklyus, minors, patsiliya, befoorty, tarakatuma.
The optimal water temperature for cockerels is 18-25 degrees. Increased temperature improves the metabolism of all fish, respectively, the duration of their life is reduced. Lowering the temperature to 14 degrees will put your pet in hibernation. A bully can sink to the bottom and burrow into the ground. From this state, he will leave as soon as the temperature regime is normalized.
This aquarium representative is very unpretentious to the quality of water. The recommended hardness is 4-15, acidity is 6-7.5. The presence of a filter and aeration is a minor issue. If the rooster has neighbors, you cannot do without a filter. In addition to saturation of air with oxygen, mixing of different layers of water occurs, thus the temperature will be the same both in the upper part and in the lower part.
Natural vegetation is welcome. She will saturate the liquid with oxygen, will not be able to damage the fish while she swims. The sharp edges of artificial green often damage the fins or the animal’s body itself. In a pinch, buy silk plants at the pet store.
Replacement of water should be carried out once a week for small aquariums and once every two weeks for overall tanks with partial replacement of water every 3-4 days. Every time you completely replace the fluid, remember to clean the walls and corners of the aquarium from the coating, use a siphon. Before you pour new water, heat it to 20-22 degrees. For aquatic inhabitants, soft water is better suited, but not distilled.
Proper care for cockerel fish includes a varied diet: suitable for dry, live and frozen. As a live, let's pet Artemia, earthworms, pipe makers, bloodworms. Granulated food does not "dilute dirt" so much in an aquarium. Frozen food is represented by bloodworms, artemia, daphnia, rotifers. Individuals of this breed can eat small snails, ampulyary will be left without antennae. These fish should be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day.
As you can see, the cock is picky, the conditions of detention are very simple. Enjoy the beauty of these fish in your tank!
Cockerel fish care
Cockerel fish is distinguished by its beauty and fighting spirit. It received its name due to the fact that two males in one aquarium arrange real cockfights, with fluffed fins and tails. If time does not separate them, then one of the cockerels, alas, dies.
The homeland of the cockerel fish is small ponds with warm water in Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia. That is why the cockerel fish must be kept in warm water at 22-26 ° C.
Cockerel Fish - maintenance and care
Caring for aquarium cockerel fish does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. The cockerel fish feels great in a small aquarium. These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air. Close the aquarium lid so that the air above the water surface warms up and your little cockerel does not catch a cold.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium. Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil. Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request. However, do not forget that the cockerel fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly! This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water. The fish is caught in a net and transplanted into a jar with a portion of the water. Then, under running water without the use of powders, they wash the aquarium and the ground and fill it with clean water of the desired temperature.
How to feed a cock fish?
For the rooster fish, they choose a special food in the form of small flakes, which is a dry full-feed. Food give 1-2 times a day at the tip of a knife. Within 5-10 minutes all food must be eaten.However, the cockerel fish is prone to overeating, if necessary, you can arrange for it one fasting day.
Breeding cockerel fish
For breeding cockerels fit a pair of fish at the age of 6-8 months. Until the moment of their meeting, they are kept separately for a couple of weeks, then they are thrown into one common aquarium, where the male begins to build a nest of foam and show mating games. In a couple of days you can expect spawning. After the female lays 100-600 eggs, it is deposited, and the male takes care of the eggs. After another 3-5 days, when the fry are already swimming, the male is rejected.
- aquarium length 25 cm and more;
- water level 10-15 cm;
- without soil;
- after the male has settled down, the water level is 5 cm;
- subdued lighting;
- pair of plants with small leaves.
Further content of the cockerel fish with other fish is possible. Do not forget about the nature of the fighting fish, about what fish the cockerels get on with. Do not hold together two males, do not choose guppies or fishes with veils in neighbors.
Cockerel Fish Disease
The most common disease affecting the beautiful tails of cockerels is called fin rot, or pseudomonosis. With this disease, the fins and tail descend and become as if scorched around the edges. The progression of this disease can leave your fish without a tail and fins. Infection occurs due to a specific bacterium that gets into the water with sick fish, live food and poor soil. The disease must be treated with special means.
The average life expectancy of fish is two to three years, but how long the cockerels live depends on the care and maintenance.
Siamese cockerels are silk-clad fighters
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males. It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen. It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia. But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result - a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty - greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents. Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish. Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns. Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight. The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting. They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish. Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored. Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend. A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium. He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition. And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale. Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
Habitat in nature
For the first time betta, was described in 1910. It lives in Southeast Asia, in Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam. It is believed that his homeland is Thailand, but with its popularity, it is difficult to say for sure whether this is so. The name "Betta" received from the Javanese "Wuder Bettah". Now in Asia, it is often called "pla-kad", which means biting fish. Interestingly, in Thailand they call "pla kat Khmer" which can be translated as a biting fish from the Khmer land.
B. splendens is one of the more than 70 species described in the genus Betta, and there are 6 or more species of fish that are not systematized. The genus can be divided into two groups, one bears a fry in the mouth, the second grows in a nest of foam.
Betta lives in stagnant or slow-flowing waters, with dense vegetation. He lives in canals, ponds, in rice fields, as well as in medium and large rivers. It refers to the labyrinth, fish that can breathe atmospheric oxygen, which allows them to survive in very harsh conditions.
In nature, the wild is not too beautiful - a long body, with short round fins, brown or greenish body color. But now, it is a collectible and the color as the shape of the fins has such a variety that it is simply impossible to describe it.
Betta fish grows 6-7 cm in length. How many lives aquarium cock? Not very long, usually 2 or 3 years with good care.
Difficulty in content
Fish that is well suited for beginners. It can be kept in very small aquariums, and in different conditions. Unpretentious in food, they will eat almost all available feed. As a rule, they are sold as a fish suitable for a general aquarium, but remember that males fight strongly with each other, beat females and in general can be aggressive during spawning. But he can be kept alone, in a very small aquarium, and he will take it very well.The exhibition of cockerels in the United States:
Although fish and omnivores in nature, they even eat some algae, the basis of their food is insects. In natural waters, they feed on insect larvae, zooplankton, aquatic insects. All kinds of live, frozen, artificial food are eaten in an aquarium. There should be no problem with a cockerel. The only thing you try to diversify it is to alternate the types of feed in order to maintain health and color at a high level.
Maintenance and care
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example. On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones. It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care. You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon. It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. From regular care, it is imperative to change the water, about 25% of the volume per week, since the accumulated decay products will primarily affect the state of the fins. As for the filter, it does not hurt, but oxygen (aeration) is not needed, it breathes from the surface of the water.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 - 35 dGH.
Who do cockerels get along with? In general, it is well suited for keeping with many fish. Definitely it does not need to be kept with fish who like to tear off fins, for example with dwarf tetradons. However, he himself can do the same, so that it should not be kept with voile species. They themselves sometimes attack other fish, but this is a mistake in identification, apparently taking them from their relatives.Attention! What exactly you should not do is to put two males in one aquarium, as they will definitely fight. Females are less aggressive, although they have a strict hierarchy. One male can be kept with several females, provided that there are enough shelters in the aquarium for the latter. Good neighbors are speckled catfish, cardinals, akantoftalmusy, viviparous.
It is very simple to distinguish a male from a female in males. The male is larger, brighter colored, it has large fins. The females are paler, smaller, the fins are small, and the belly is noticeably rounder. In addition, she keeps modestly, trying to keep secluded corners, and not to catch the eye of the male.
There is foam in the cockpit aquarium? Like most labyrinths, it builds a nest of foam. Reproduction is simple, though problematic because of the temperament of the male and the pain of the young. The fact is that the male can kill the female to death, if it is not set in time. And in order to successfully raise the fry, you need to prepare.
The selected pair of males, it is necessary before breeding to feed abundantly with live food, it is desirable to plant them separately. The female ready for spawning is considerably fattening due to the caviar formed.
The finished pair is deposited in the spawn, in which the water level is not more than 15 cm. On the Internet there are tips that will suit the aquarium and 10 liters in volume, but calculate how much to turn out if you reduce the level to 10-15 cm? Pick up the volume based on your capabilities, in any case, it will not be superfluous, since the male will beat the female, and she needs to hide somewhere.
The temperature of the water is raised to 26-28 ° C, after which it proceeds to build a nest and beat the female. In order not to kill her, you need to add thick plants to the spawn, for example, Javanese moss (10 liters is enough, remember?). On the surface of the water to put floating plants, riccia or duckweed.Detailed spawning of a pair of white cockerels:
As soon as the nest is ready, the male will begin to call the female to him. The finished female will fold her fins and show resignation, unprepared will flee. Make sure that the male does not score the female! The male embraces the female with his body, squeezing caviar out of it and releasing milk. In one go, the female lays about 40 ka eggs. On the whole, about 200 eggs are produced during spawning. Basically, the caviar sinks and the male picks it up and folds it into the nest. The female can also help him, but more often she just eats caviar. After spawning, it is better to deposit it immediately.
Caviar is peeking in 24-36 hours. The larva stays in the nest for another 2 or 3 days, until it fully masters its yolk sac and begins to swim. As soon as he swims, it is better to mate the male, as he can eat the fry. The water level must also be lowered, to 5-7 cm, and to include minimal aeration. This is done until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, and it does not begin to swallow air from the surface. After that, the water level gradually increase. This happens after about 4-6 weeks.
Fry need to be fed infusoria, microhard, egg yolk. As they grow, naupilii of artemia and shredded strawberry are added.
The fledger cock grows unevenly and needs to be sorted in order to avoid cannibalism, and in the future also fights.
Detailed article in English: Betta fish or fighting fish
Rooster aquarium fish - maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters. If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die. Fighting cockerels are extremely popular in their homeland.
The cockerel fish is descended from Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. There, these aquatic inhabitants live in small warm waters. Therefore, the optimum water temperature for this type is 22-26 degrees. There is little oxygen in the silted, stagnant waters of Southeast Asia. Therefore, your aquarium does not need an aerator for oxygenation.
At home, no one is particularly interested in the color of the cockerel fish. Their content boils down to preparing for battles. This is done by special trainers. A lot of spectators come to watch the fights. However, most often the death of the fish is not allowed, rather dangling fins.
The cockerel fish has an oval body, elongated in length, slightly compressed on the sides. Its length is up to 5 cm in males and smaller, up to 4 cm, in females. Beauty and brightness, "fabulous" color is not equal to them. At any turn, red, yellow, orange, pink, green colors sparkle and play, taking all sorts of shades. Especially bright color in males when clashing with each other.
During spawning, the cockerel fish also "fills" with paint. The females are a little paler than their gentlemen, the fins of the ladies are short and not so luxurious. However, breeders are working in this direction. Not long ago, females appeared in which the fins have a more elongated shape, and the color of the body is not inferior to the males.
The cockerel fish has dark stripes across or along its body. The upper fin and tail of this species have a rounded shape, the lower fin, starting from the head, comes to the tail. Pectoral fins of cockerels have a pointed shape. It is interesting to observe the fish that are excited - the gills of the males swell, forming a bulging “collar” around the head.
The differences in the sexes of these fish are obvious. The cockerel "boy" is more slender, it is brighter colored, its fins are much longer. The females are usually smaller, their fins are shorter. The main difference between the "hen" and the cockerel will be the presence of a female with a small white speck near the anus, the "grains". This formation is a bit like an emerging "egg". It becomes well noticeable already from three months of age.
What else do you need to know after the cockerel fish appeared in your house? Their content is not such a difficult task.
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to have a rooster fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium. Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar. But two males in one "pond" do not get along. True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments. Many do this also because, seeing the opponent, the males begin to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to frighten and intimidate their counterpart. Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
The cockerel fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time as other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins. Otherwise, the "fighters" will certainly cut them off. It is better to settle to the cockerels of larger fish with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical cockerels, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees. Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation. Fish need air. Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter. It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours. It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water. The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar. Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
Labyrinth organ - a distinctive feature of cockerel fish. This is not a simple addition to the gills - these babies breathe atmospheric air. Make sure that the surface of the water does not overgrow. Sometimes a bacterial film appears on it, it is easily removed if you attach a sheet of paper to the water, and then simply remove it carefully.
Males can jump out hard. So that they do not harm themselves, install a special cover with holes or a grid.
For fish need soft water. Do not use distillate for the aquarium, as it contains not only harmful, but also useful substances. In specialized stores sell special products to soften and purify water. Temperature should be monitored. To reduce aggressiveness and stress a little, add a little therapeutic salt (half a teaspoon per four liters). Large aquariums need to be replaced every two weeks. In the interim, it is necessary to change it partially. Small aquariums need to be cleaned and replaced twice a week. Be sure to remove the remaining feed from the bottom - the products of its decomposition will poison the water.
What to feed the fish cock? These aquatic inhabitants are picky. They can eat both dry food and live food. Most cockerels love bloodworms. You can give chimney, cyclops, Daphnia. Earthworms will do. So that the fish do not overeat, remove the uneaten remnants 15 minutes after the start of feeding.Food should be given once or twice a day.
If you see that pets overeat, arrange for them one fasting day a week.
Cockerel fish: compatibility
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals. The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? "With whom does this species get on?" - This question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors. Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack. It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted). In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
Suitable neighbors for fighting fish
What kind of fish do cockerels get along with? These can be neon iris, sword-bearers, patcilia, ancytrus, brocade catfish, tarakatum, boats, nagging gourays, akantoftalmusy, pulphrypinnis, speckled catfish, gastromysones and some other species. It is advisable before the acquisition of fish to consult with the seller-consultant.
Unwanted neighbors for cockerels
Akaras, piranhas, tilapias, black-striped cichlomas, ctenopomes, tetraodons, parrots, kupanusy, astronotus - it is impossible to settle with these types of cockerel fish. Fighters can attack and tear off fins to such neighbors as neons, danios, guppies, cardinals, barbs, as well as gouram spots, pearl and marble.
Breeding fish cockerels
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm. Shelters are made of aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. The cockerel (female) fish will be able to hide here from the male, which is very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed. In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration - it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. It is possible to stimulate spawning with a large water change. It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish "acquaint" with each other. To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a "dwelling", the male cock lets out small air bubbles, then gluing them together with his saliva. About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him. After the start of spawning, the male cockerel collects eggs from his mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium. The male breeds the offspring - he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back. After the larvae hatched, the cockerel does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of males is placed together in an aquarium. It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week. After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions. In a spawning aquarium, the rooster is usually fed with bloodworms. Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In males fry, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration. You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria - “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure. When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry. You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the "elderly" age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
Bright and eccentric cockerels are able to decorate any home or office. Caring for them is easy. In exchange, they will give many pleasant moments to their owner.
How breed aquarium cockerels?
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them. You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores? In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary "dwelling" for fry.
The first steps to spawn fish
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition - this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring. Males perfectly spawn at a young age. If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment - it will take several months. The male and female cockerel should be the same size. If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn. It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair. Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets. You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.
Reproduction will not occur unless a spawning tank is installed. Spawning can be a volume of 40-50 liters, and have a partition for 2 places: male and female. In the tank there should be aquarium shelters, floating plants, a sponge filter with a flow rate regulator, equipment for heating water (set to 27 ° C). At the bottom of the spawning ground for labyrinth fish, it is impossible to spread the substrate in the form of gravel or stones - sensitive eggs will get lost in it and will be damaged. Fill spawning water to a level of 12-15 cm, and put it in a quiet place.
Two weeks before the start of breeding aquarium fish should eat live food. For this, bloodworms and artemia, other types of worms, crickets, cockroaches and other insects in a chopped form will do. To prevent feed from entering the water, buy it from a trusted supplier, or serve food frozen.
It will be correct to prepare feed for fry in advance. Cockerel fish fry are very small and feed on live food. The process of growing will take 1-2 weeks. Ciliates, acetic acne, micro-worm, Artemia nauplii can serve as food. However, one should be careful with artemia - it should be added in small portions and only with other food, otherwise the fry will form a labyrinth organ.
If male and female cockerels have an interest in each other, they will be in an excited state, demonstrating their appearance. The male will straighten the fins and gill covers. The female will color in bright lights, stripes will appear on her abdomen. Cockerel aquarium fish can be aggressive to each other, occasionally plucking, attacking the partner even through the partition. If the aggression increases, put them into spawning later, or choose a friend.
Look at the spawning of cockerels.
In labyrinth fishes, the male viet nest from foam and fragments of aquatic plants. When you notice that the nest is ready, add a female to the male, and look at their behavior. The first reaction of the male: plucking the fins of the female, chasing her, intimidation. This is a normal reaction, but in order for the female not to be very afraid, she must have a shelter. The male can take care of his partner from 2-3 hours to several days, until she agrees to his invitation to visit the nest. Spawning occurs several hours: the male presses the female's body, helping her to release the eggs. Then he fertilizes them, picks them up and fixes them in the nest.
After spawning, the female can be removed from the spawn, otherwise the male will begin to show aggression towards her. The parent must remain in the spawning aquarium until the fry hatch. 3 days after breeding, they will hatch, and will be in a fixed state. The filter should still be turned off so that the fry are not affected by the flow of water. The light can be turned on day and night - LB lamp 0.4 watts.
In 2-4 days the fish fry will swim. Now the male can be transplanted into the general aquarium. As starting feed, the fry will be treated with infusoria. At 3-40 days of life they can submit a microhard. Artemia nauplii can be diluted at home. Portions of feed should be small.
Future aquarium cockerel fishes should live at a temperature of 27-28 ° C. In the tank, the lid should be slightly ajar so that the labyrinth organ is formed correctly in the fry. When the fry become adults, they must be transplanted into a spacious aquarium. If the fry die a lot, pay attention to the parameters of water, and the content of chemical impurities in it. When the fry are 2 weeks old, they need to replace 10% of the water every few days. Do not forget to clean up uneaten food. At night, the light can already be turned off.
Who do the cockerel fish get on in the general aquarium
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they have been nicknamed "fighting fish." They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established - then all inhabitants will be comfortable. An important rule - it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight. On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male. Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable. If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary - this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by "competitors", which for them are external stimuli.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the "no" territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar. But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Description of compatibility with certain types of fish
Males and guppies - it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature. The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta - compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami - all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami - curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around. Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact - slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly - viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors - as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proved, cockerels rarely disturb corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.