Cockerel aquarium fish
For those who love unusual and beautiful aquarium fish, perfect for cockerels. All colors of the rainbow are present in their fancy colors. More lovers are attracted to these fish by their grace and large beautiful fins. Cockerel fish has 70 species. Among them, the most famous Thai cockerels. At first, these creatures could not adapt to captivity. But enthusiasts carried out a serious selection work, and now we already have the opportunity to see these lovely creatures at home.
Rooster aquarium fish - compatibility
These fish got their name for pugnacious temper. "Wars" they lead between the males of their breed, although they can attack the guppies, confusing her with a relative. The cockerels with the specials, speckled catfish, black mollies, gourami, antsistrus, tarakatum, seaweed, termination, and many other species get along well. But it is undesirable to breed cockerels with piranhas, akars, cichlozomes, telepies, parrots, discus, melanochromis and ctenopomas. These inhabitants of aquariums can cripple your cockerel.
Cockerel Fish - species
- Differences in fin shape: crescent-tailed, voilekhvostye, koronoshvosty, round-tailed, two-tailed, brush tail, flag-tailed, poster, delta-tail, royal (giant)
- Differences in coloring:
- monochrome (from black and violet to white and orange);
- two-colored (the fin or its end is of one color, and the body is completely different);
- multi-color (different colors of the body and fins, passing color shades are possible).
The dragon fighting fishes with a massive body and an excellent silver-metal cover stand apart.
How to determine the sex of the cockerel fish?
With this you should not have difficulty. "Cavalier" is usually somewhat slimmer and has a brighter color. Their fins are also longer than those of ladies. The cockerel female has its own difference. Near the anus of females there is a small formation on the abdomen in the form of a white grain. It looks like an egg and becomes noticeable at 3 months of age.
Rooster aquarium fish - content
To create a comfortable environment for your fish, you need to maintain the water temperature not lower than 25 degrees. If there are floating plants on the surface of the water, the roosters will not attempt to jump out of the aquarium. Maintain water hardness within 4-15, and acidity from 6 to 7.5. Layer of soil in 3 cm is enough. You can take a dark ground, because in nature, these fish live in small ponds with muddy water. And on this background, they look more impressive. Dark paper can glue the back wall, creating a good contrast. In the water, you can throw a piece of almond leaf, so that it a little tint it. The diseased individual must be immediately isolated and only then treated.
It is not difficult to care for the cockerel fish. The minimum volume of the aquarium should be 10 liters. But in such a small aquarium only one individual can live. Putting other inhabitants in there is undesirable. Two males will find each other and arrange a fight. The female in a small amount of gentleman also pushes to exhaustion. Although the ladies are also aggressive and can persistent groom kill.
Cockerel Fish Food
For food is suitable both frozen and live food. Males are not very picky in this matter. With a shortage of food, some aquarists feed them even washed earthworms. Pieces of food should not accumulate at the bottom of your aquarium - this rule is suitable for keeping all kinds of fish.
How to breed cockerel fish?
On the eve of spawning, a moth must be introduced into the diet of the female, containing many necessary substances for the offspring.In order for our future mother to hide from the male, the aquarium is supplied with artificial caves or grottoes, and some plant species are planted in it (anubiases, javanese moss or echinodorus). A stimulating factor for mating can be a slight, 3 degrees, increase in water temperature. After spawning, the female is transplanted into another reservoir, and the “father” is left until his offspring begins to move independently in the water. You can feed the fry with nauplii of Artemia, finely divided pipe worker or pounded dry food. In three weeks it is desirable to sort out babies who are able to eat weak relatives. With the manifestation of aggression, grown-up fish should be kept separately.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold - all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from I. Sheremetyev’s book: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a grayish-green fish doesn’t immediately catch the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed with sides, elongated. On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it - the female or rival - the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This may take a few minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent. After some time, the opponent is defeated, ... the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! "
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes -Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels - Betta relatively peaceful fish - they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a "disliked" female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size. As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short - only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum amount of aquarium for cockerel fish
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass !!!
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up - DOES NOT INTEREST THEM !!! And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live by the pet store until the time of purchase !!! You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish !!!
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim !!! When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins - this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, set up a bio balance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large - from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural - natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. The lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest. Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them - individual foods that are best suited. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters - puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Then the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it "biting fish." A couple of copies of these "pieces" in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them "Betta fish", arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a "new" fish, calling it Betta Cambodia - one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms. On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette's species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
- Vualekhvosti warrior fish or "veil rooster"
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Giant or royal fighting fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Round-tailed warrior fishes
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Flagtail fighting fishes
- Poster fighting fish
- Crowntail fighting fishes
- Poster fighting fish
- Crosstail fishes
- Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor "multicolor", two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
It is not difficult to breed these fish - it does not need any special conditions or, for example, a hormonal injection. In fact, under optimal conditions, spawning can occur in the general aquarium.
Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish
It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.
General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.
The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.
Sex differences in fish are pronounced - males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white "grain", "star" in front of the anal fin - this is the egg-deposit, as well as by the large abdomen.
pictured male and female cockerel
An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail. You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, pista, vodokras. These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called "foam nest".
The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm. This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.
Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn. You can soften the water aquarium chemistry - preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).
Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him !!! The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.
If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male (if you have one).
But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.
IMPORTANT!!! Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited. At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.
The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her. Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This "hug and spin" process is repeated several times.
A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her. The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him. After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will dissolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.
You can remove the happy "father" and start feeding the fry with living dust by infusoria, or, for example, as some members of our site do it with melted water from Artemia frost. You can also try dry fish "baby food", for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish. Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young. To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.
In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give "adult" feed.
Many beautiful photos of cockerel fish
Interesting video spawning fish cockerelThe first video is especially recommended - Nerst of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting !!!
How to determine that the fish is pregnant :: pregnant aquarium fish :: Breeding
How to determine that the fish is pregnant
Breeding aquarium fish process is quite time-consuming, because besides the fish should receive the right amount of food, light and oxygen, it is necessary to determine the fact of pregnancy in time and not miss the birth of the fry, which otherwise can simply be eaten.
Question "British Pregnancy" - 1 answer
The reproduction of fish, like any other animals, is a very complex physiological process, which is always accompanied by a number of features and which is influenced by the environment, both natural and artificial.
Fish that are ready for breeding after fertilization are often required to be kept in special conditions, but for this it is important to correctly determine whether the fish is really pregnant. Each breed of fish has its own characteristics, which are expressed both in a change in the color of the females, and in an increase in the abdomen.
Swordtail females are ready to mate already at 8 months, because it is at this age that these fish end puberty.
If the female Sword bearer is pregnant, a dark color stain appears on her stomach, and the stomach itself becomes rounded. Closer to the birth, the tummy grows and acquires a square shape.
Such aquarium fish as a guppy, which is also viviparous and very similar to the Sword, has its own characteristics of reproduction. To become pregnant, the guppy does not need the constant presence of a male, this fish may repeatedly fry from one mating produced.
To understand that a fish is pregnant is easy enough: its sides and abdomen increase at times. Just like with the Swordsmen, the guppy has a dark spot at the back, which increases in size closer to childbirth. Thus, the only difference in guppies is the repeated throwing of fry from one partner, and fertilization takes place once in swordsmen, and the female is immediately deposited.
In the breed of cockerel fish, puberty begins already at 4 months, the white spot becomes the hallmark of the female's pregnancy, and not the dark one, like other fish, and of course, the rounded belly.
The peculiarity of female cockerels is the process of birth itself: the male twists the nest from plants, and when the time is right they freeze in the nest with the female, then gradually descend to its bottom, where the release of eggs occurs. After that, the male protects the calf for several days, from which the fry appear, and then it is deposited, as well as the mother that gave birth to it.
Bright and funny chopping parrots are very popular today with home aquarium lovers. These fish breed poorly, so they need special conditions. For example, for mating, the water in the aquarium is made warmer, and for throwing a shell or shelter house is installed. The pregnancy of the fish is expressed by the usual signs - a swollen abdomen and a dark spot near the tail, but the behavior also changes: the female tends more and more to the bottom and leaves the light.
Siamese cockerels are silk-clad fighters
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males. It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen. It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia. But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result - a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty - greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents. Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish. Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns. Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight. The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting. They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish. Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored. Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend. A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium. He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition. And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale. Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
Habitat in nature
For the first time betta, was described in 1910. It lives in Southeast Asia, in Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam. It is believed that his homeland is Thailand, but with its popularity, it is difficult to say for sure whether this is so. The name "Betta" received from the Javanese "Wuder Bettah". Now in Asia, it is often called "pla-kad", which means biting fish. Interestingly, in Thailand they call "pla kat Khmer" which can be translated as a biting fish from the Khmer land.
B. splendens is one of the more than 70 species described in the genus Betta, and there are 6 or more species of fish that are not systematized. The genus can be divided into two groups, one bears a fry in the mouth, the second grows in a nest of foam.
Betta lives in stagnant or slow-flowing waters, with dense vegetation. He lives in canals, ponds, in rice fields, as well as in medium and large rivers. It refers to the labyrinth, fish that can breathe atmospheric oxygen, which allows them to survive in very harsh conditions.
In nature, the wild is not too beautiful - a long body, with short round fins, brown or greenish body color. But now, it is a collectible and the color as the shape of the fins has such a variety that it is simply impossible to describe it.
Betta fish grows 6-7 cm in length. How many lives aquarium cock? Not very long, usually 2 or 3 years with good care.
Difficulty in content
Fish that is well suited for beginners. It can be kept in very small aquariums, and in different conditions. Unpretentious in food, they will eat almost all available feed. As a rule, they are sold as a fish suitable for a general aquarium, but remember that males fight strongly with each other, beat females and in general can be aggressive during spawning. But he can be kept alone, in a very small aquarium, and he will take it very well.The exhibition of cockerels in the United States:
Although fish and omnivores in nature, they even eat some algae, the basis of their food is insects. In natural waters, they feed on insect larvae, zooplankton, aquatic insects. All kinds of live, frozen, artificial food are eaten in an aquarium. There should be no problem with a cockerel. The only thing you try to diversify it is to alternate the types of feed in order to maintain health and color at a high level.
Maintenance and care
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example. On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones. It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care. You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon. It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. From regular care, it is imperative to change the water, about 25% of the volume per week, since the accumulated decay products will primarily affect the state of the fins. As for the filter, it does not hurt, but oxygen (aeration) is not needed, it breathes from the surface of the water.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 - 35 dGH.
Who do cockerels get along with? In general, it is well suited for keeping with many fish. Definitely it does not need to be kept with fish who like to tear off fins, for example with dwarf tetradons. However, he himself can do the same, so that it should not be kept with voile species. They themselves sometimes attack other fish, but this is a mistake in identification, apparently taking them from their relatives.Attention! What exactly you should not do is to put two males in one aquarium, as they will definitely fight. Females are less aggressive, although they have a strict hierarchy. One male can be kept with several females, provided that there are enough shelters in the aquarium for the latter. Good neighbors are speckled catfish, cardinals, akantoftalmusy, viviparous.
It is very simple to distinguish a male from a female in males. The male is larger, brighter colored, it has large fins. The females are paler, smaller, the fins are small, and the belly is noticeably rounder. In addition, she keeps modestly, trying to keep secluded corners, and not to catch the eye of the male.
There is foam in the cockpit aquarium? Like most labyrinths, it builds a nest of foam. Reproduction is simple, though problematic because of the temperament of the male and the pain of the young. The fact is that the male can kill the female to death, if it is not set in time. And in order to successfully raise the fry, you need to prepare.
The selected pair of males, it is necessary before breeding to feed abundantly with live food, it is desirable to plant them separately. The female ready for spawning is considerably fattening due to the caviar formed.
The finished pair is deposited in the spawn, in which the water level is not more than 15 cm. On the Internet there are tips that will suit the aquarium and 10 liters in volume, but calculate how much to turn out if you reduce the level to 10-15 cm? Pick up the volume based on your capabilities, in any case, it will not be superfluous, since the male will beat the female, and she needs to hide somewhere.
The temperature of the water is raised to 26-28 ° C, after which it proceeds to build a nest and beat the female. In order not to kill her, you need to add thick plants to the spawn, for example, Javanese moss (10 liters is enough, remember?). On the surface of the water to put floating plants, riccia or duckweed.Detailed spawning of a pair of white cockerels:
As soon as the nest is ready, the male will begin to call the female to him. The finished female will fold her fins and show resignation, unprepared will flee. Make sure that the male does not score the female! The male embraces the female with his body, squeezing caviar out of it and releasing milk. In one go, the female lays about 40 ka eggs. On the whole, about 200 eggs are produced during spawning. Basically, the caviar sinks and the male picks it up and folds it into the nest. The female can also help him, but more often she just eats caviar. After spawning, it is better to deposit it immediately.
Caviar is peeking in 24-36 hours. The larva stays in the nest for another 2 or 3 days, until it fully masters its yolk sac and begins to swim.As soon as he swims, it is better to mate the male, as he can eat the fry. The water level must also be lowered, to 5-7 cm, and to include minimal aeration. This is done until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, and it does not begin to swallow air from the surface. After that, the water level gradually increase. This happens after about 4-6 weeks.
Fry need to be fed infusoria, microhard, egg yolk. As they grow, naupilii of artemia and shredded strawberry are added.
The fledger cock grows unevenly and needs to be sorted in order to avoid cannibalism, and in the future also fights.
Detailed article in English: Betta fish or fighting fish
How to determine the fish cockerel floor ??
The male is richer dressed, brighter.