The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold - all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from I. Sheremetyev’s book: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a grayish-green fish doesn’t immediately strike her eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed sides, elongated. On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it - the female or rival - the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent. After some time, the opponent is defeated, ... the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! "
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes -Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels - Betta relatively peaceful fish - they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a "disliked" female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size. As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short - only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum amount of aquarium for cockerel fish
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass !!!
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up - DOES NOT INTEREST THEM !!! And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live by the pet store until the time of purchase !!! You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish !!!
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim !!! When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins - this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, set up a bio balance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large - from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural - natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. The lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest. Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them - individual foods that are best suited. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters - puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Then the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it "biting fish." A couple of copies of these "pieces" in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them "Betta fish", arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a "new" fish, calling it Betta Cambodia - one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms. On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette's species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
- Vualekhvosti warrior fish or "veil rooster"
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Giant or royal fighting fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Round-tailed warrior fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Flagtail fighting fishes
- Poster fighting fish
- Crowntail fighting fish
- Poster fighting fish
- Crosstail fishes
- Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor "multicolor", two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
It is not difficult to breed these fish - it does not need any special conditions or, for example, a hormonal injection. In fact, under optimal conditions, spawning can occur in the general aquarium.
Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish
It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.
General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.
The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.
Sex differences in fish are pronounced - males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white "grain", "star" in front of the anal fin - this is the egg-deposit, as well as by the large abdomen.
pictured male and female cockerel
An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail. You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, piste, water-colored plant These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called "foam nest".
The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm. This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.
Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn. You can soften the water aquarium chemistry - preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).
Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him !!! The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.
If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male (if you have one).
But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.
IMPORTANT!!! Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited. At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.
The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her. Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This "hug and spin" process is repeated several times.
A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her. The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him. After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will dissolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.
You can remove the happy "father" and start feeding the fry with living dust by infusoria, or, for example, as some members of our site do it with melted water from Artemia frost. You can also try dry fish "baby food", for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish. Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young. To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.
In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give "adult" feed.
Many beautiful photos of cockerel fish
Interesting video spawning fish cockerelThe first video is especially recommended - Nerst of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting !!!
How to care for cockerel fish
The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat - freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in paddy fields. For the first time the fish was noticed by the inhabitants of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The "stranger" was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country. Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the "fish" battles: the males fiercely demonstrated their strength, but no fatalities occurred.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type. The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second - incubate the eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.
Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes. The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium. They can be kept in "Spartan" conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism. If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
What you need to know about the content?
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity. Like all fish, cramped - only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Between them there are often disputes that already speak - even between the female cockerels there were fights. The result - bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males - choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided. Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish - some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins. Good aquarium neighbors - danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins. The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh. Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush? Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.
In the cockerel fish, sexual dimorphism is noticeable: females are smaller in size, not so bright in color, they have short fins. Males are larger, with lush and long fins. During spawning, the umbilical cord resembling a white dot can be seen in females. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 4 months, they can breed in another 2-4 months. Care of manufacturers implies a separate spawning. If the female has not reproduced for a long time, her calf turns into a cyst, which can lead to death. Males that have already multiplied have fins longer. Males live up to 3 years old, it is better not to plant old fish for spawning.
See how the spawning of cockerels.
The spawning volume is allowed 10-20 liters, with a height of water of 15 cm. Soil is optional, and floating plants are needed. The male will provide care for the fry by building a nest of bubbles and fragments of vegetation. In the tank should be shelter for the female. The manufacturer makes a nest, and invites a female, or several females, if you have more of them.
Stimulates reproduction increased water temperature - up to 28-30 degrees Celsius. Updating the water also gives spawning signal. 2 weeks before the process, the fish are fed with live food (moth, daphnia). Aeration in spawning is not needed - it will destroy the nest, and with it, the eggs and larvae. First, a male is launched into the tank, and a female in a day.
Fish will spawn in a few days, if breeding does not occur in a few weeks, it is better to change the female. With extreme aggression of the male, change it to another. In the process of spawning, the male takes care of the female, helps her squeeze out her calf, pressing the body. He immediately fertilizes the released eggs, grabs them with his mouth and takes them to the nest. When the spawning is over, the female can be moved to a common aquarium so that it does not suffer from the male.
The larvae will hatch in 2-4 days, depending on how the temperature of the water in the aquarium increases. At this time, the parent provides masonry care, picks up dropped eggs from the nest. When the fry hatch, he will still be with them. After 4 days, the fry will swim independently; then the male can be removed. During one spawning 200-400 eggs can emerge, but 1/3 of them survive.
In the first days of their life they are fed live dust, ciliates, egg yolk from hard boiled eggs. After a week, they can be given Artemia larvae, shredded strawberry or special food for fry. In order to properly develop the labyrinth organ, it is possible to turn on weak aeration in their nursery and lower the water level. The labyrinth organ will be formed in a few months, but all this time, from incubation to the age of the young, the fry need to be constantly looked after.
Who do the cockerel fish get on in the general aquarium
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they have been nicknamed "fighting fish." They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established - then all inhabitants will be comfortable. An important rule - it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight. On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male. Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable. If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary - this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by "competitors", which for them are external stimuli.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the "no" territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar. But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Description of compatibility with certain types of fish
Males and guppies - it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature. The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta - compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami - all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami - curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around. Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact - slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly - viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors - as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proved, cockerels rarely disturb corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
Cockerel fish - handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
The cockerel is also called his fighting fish, and this characteristic was deservedly received. Juicy causing coloring and cocky temper make this aquarian inhabitant a no less pugnacious bird - a fighting cock. If two fishes - males - have to divide one territory, the fight will not be avoided. Each of them will strive to prove his superiority to the opponent. Sometimes you have to really separate the fish, otherwise only rags will remain from the air tails and fins!
Maintenance and care of cockerels
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters. The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees. Optimum hardness - 4.0-15.0, acidity - 6.0-7.5. 3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species - daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed. With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes. However, do not focus only on these signs. With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size. And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests. The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels - males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body.After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest. The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food. The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
Due to the fact that the cockerel is a fighting fish, in opposition to other relatives, it can tear its fins, but this does not mean that the fish are sick, so you should not grab different medicines and pour them alternately into the water. It is possible to determine the disease according to the behavior of the fish, especially if it changes gradually.
If cockerel aquarium fish are sick, their reproduction is not possible, as individuals will simply not be able to perform their natural function. A sick individual should immediately be removed from the general aquarium so that others do not get sick and only in the quarantine water space the caught individual should be treated.
It is worth remembering that sometimes the treatment does not require expensive medicines for a thousand diseases, but only pure water and compliance with all its parameters, so you should never panic.
As a spawner, it is better to take an aquarium with a volume of 15 liters, pour 10 liters of water into it, be sure to cover it with a lid - cockerels jump well. There should be a shelter for the female, I personally use ceramic snags, floating plants - I usually have pistes, you can add a few branches of a nayas or a hornpole. We put a heater in the spawner - the temperature should be about 26 degrees. Almond leaves can be placed in a spawner, for example, it is one of the spawning stimulants.
Then you plant a male there - usually he builds a nest right away. The next day we plant a female with him. Warning - the female should be plump, with caviar. In spawning fish do not feed! Usually after 3 - 24 hours spawning begins, in the process the male "embraces" the female and "squeezes" the eggs from her, at the same time fertilizing her.
After he releases the female, at this moment she is relaxed and in the same position almost goes to the bottom. The male is brightly colored while the female, on the contrary, turns pale. In dark colored females, dark longitudinal stripes may appear on the body. The male collects falling eggs (they are sinking, white) into the nest and again "squeezes" the female, usually until the calf remains in it.
Further, the female hides, as the male begins to drive her away from the nest, because the female can eat caviar. But it also happens that the female helps the male to collect eggs in the nest. After spawning, the female should be deposited.
At this stage, you need to again prepare food for fry, again, preferably alive - Nauplii Artemia. Artemia eggs can be purchased at the pet store or at the bird. I usually take a two-liter bottle of cola, pour на water there, put a teaspoon and a half of regular salt and a teaspoon of Artemia eggs, drop the spray from the compressor and put it on the aquarium rack, after a day the artemia is removed, the nebulizer is turned off to collect, the crustaceans accumulate in bottom, and they are sucked in with a hose from the compressor. It is better to put 2 bottles with a difference of 2 days, then you will always have nauplius for feeding.
Care for offspring:
Next, the male takes care of the nest - he eats dead eggs, heaves the nest. It is not necessary to feed him at this time, the water should not be changed either. After a day, the larvae begin to hatch.
At first they hang in the nest, the male continues to care for them, after a day the yolk sac usually dissolves and they begin to swim horizontally - at this moment the male must be transplanted and the compressor turned on. At the same time, the first feeding is done - we feed with an infusoria, if it is not there, then it is possible to feed like Sera micron, I do not recommend boiled egg yolk or boiled liver - they spoil the water.
It is necessary to feed so that there will always be food in the aquarium. Water change is not necessary. Gradually, during the week, reduce the temperature in the aquarium to room temperature. Day after 3 - 4 fry begins to take Artemia nauplius, but we don’t stop feeding with ciliates as well - smaller fry still eat it. If there is no artemia, it is possible to feed and decapsulated with artemia and dry food like Sera micropan.
In a week - one and a half, you can offer frozen microplankton to the fry, and later - cyclop, sliced tubule. As soon as the fry begin to take artemia, you can gradually raise the water level, and later replace the water. If you feed dry food - every day, if alive - can be less. When the fry reach the size of 1 cm, if you want to grow more fish, the young need to be sorted into different aquariums, otherwise the larger fry will eat smaller ones.
At the same time, it is advisable to transfer the fish to a larger aquarium so that they do not hesitate. When the fishes begin to be determined by the floor and the fight needs to be seated males in separate tanks, it is better to feed the fish in them with live food.
By the age of three months, males are usually painted completely, with some exceptions, the males begin to train in nesting, and they can be planted for spawning in months 4 - 5.
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How breed aquarium cockerels?
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them. You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores? In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary "dwelling" for fry.
The first steps to spawn fish
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition - this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring. Males perfectly spawn at a young age. If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment - it will take several months. The male and female cockerel should be the same size. If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn. It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair. Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets. You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.
Reproduction will not occur unless a spawning tank is installed. Spawning can be a volume of 40-50 liters, and have a partition for 2 places: male and female. In the tank there should be aquarium shelters, floating plants, a sponge filter with a flow rate regulator, equipment for heating water (set to 27 ° C). At the bottom of the spawning ground for labyrinth fish, it is impossible to spread the substrate in the form of gravel or stones - sensitive eggs will get lost in it and will be damaged. Fill spawning water to a level of 12-15 cm, and put it in a quiet place.
Two weeks before the start of breeding aquarium fish should eat live food. For this, bloodworms and artemia, other types of worms, crickets, cockroaches and other insects in a chopped form will do. To prevent feed from entering the water, buy it from a trusted supplier, or serve food frozen.
It will be correct to prepare feed for fry in advance. Cockerel fish fry are very small and feed on live food. The process of growing will take 1-2 weeks. Ciliates, acetic acne, micro-worm, Artemia nauplii can serve as food. However, one should be careful with artemia - it should be added in small portions and only with other food, otherwise the fry will form a labyrinth organ.
If male and female cockerels have an interest in each other, they will be in an excited state, demonstrating their appearance. The male will straighten the fins and gill covers. The female will color in bright lights, stripes will appear on her abdomen. Cockerel aquarium fish can be aggressive to each other, occasionally plucking, attacking the partner even through the partition. If the aggression increases, put them into spawning later, or choose a friend.
Look at the spawning of cockerels.
In labyrinth fishes, the male viet nest from foam and fragments of aquatic plants. When you notice that the nest is ready, add a female to the male, and look at their behavior. The first reaction of the male: plucking the fins of the female, chasing her, intimidation. This is a normal reaction, but in order for the female not to be very afraid, she must have a shelter. The male can take care of his partner from 2-3 hours to several days, until she agrees to his invitation to visit the nest. Spawning occurs several hours: the male presses the female's body, helping her to release the eggs. Then he fertilizes them, picks them up and fixes them in the nest.
After spawning, the female can be removed from the spawn, otherwise the male will begin to show aggression towards her. The parent must remain in the spawning aquarium until the fry hatch. 3 days after breeding, they will hatch, and will be in a fixed state. The filter should still be turned off so that the fry are not affected by the flow of water. The light can be turned on day and night - LB lamp 0.4 watts.
In 2-4 days the fish fry will swim. Now the male can be transplanted into the general aquarium. As starting feed, the fry will be treated with infusoria. At 3-40 days of life they can submit a microhard. Artemia nauplii can be diluted at home. Portions of feed should be small.
Future aquarium cockerel fishes should live at a temperature of 27-28 ° C. In the tank, the lid should be slightly ajar so that the labyrinth organ is formed correctly in the fry. When the fry become adults, they must be transplanted into a spacious aquarium. If the fry die a lot, pay attention to the parameters of water, and the content of chemical impurities in it. When the fry are 2 weeks old, they need to replace 10% of the water every few days. Do not forget to clean up uneaten food. At night, the light can already be turned off.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
The cock aquarium fish (otherwise it is called the Siamese cockerel or the fighting fish) is a representative of the most beautiful aquarium inhabitants. Male and female are easy to distinguish: as a rule, males are painted more intensely and brightly. Aquarists do not cease to admire the fish, their appearance, cool temper, care for the offspring. How many live cockerel fish? Their life expectancy is from 1 to 3 years. Of course, an important role is played by feeding, housing conditions, compatibility with other fish. This is proposed to talk. We will also affect the breeding of cockerels.
Conditions of detention
So, in more detail about how to create the most favorable conditions for the maintenance of the lives of males, or how to care for them:
- the water temperature should be maintained at a level of 24-28 degrees, however if it drops to 18 degrees, the fish will still be able to survive and even develop;
- the acidity of the water should not be more than 7.5;
- water hardness should not exceed 15 degrees.
If we talk about the enrichment of water with oxygen, then the fish has gill breathing and a special respiratory organ, which is called a labyrinth. Thanks to the maze, aquarium cockerels can swallow water with atmospheric air on the surface. For this reason, they are not too sensitive to fluctuations in oxygen concentration or lack thereof.
If we talk about other conditions of life, then the size of the aquarium is determined as follows: there should be at least 4 liters of water for one cock. How much is necessary in your case, it is not difficult to determine by this rule.
In general, special care for cockerels is not required, but for the full development it is worth adhering to these simple recommendations.
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What can not perform actions:
- direct sunlight should not fall on the aquarium;
- Do not allow excessively sudden changes in temperature and drafts when cleaning water;
- do not use natural shells, corals, shells as decorations, do not decorate the aquarium with other objects made of natural materials;
- do not put objects with sharp edges or, for example, with protrusions in the aquarium;
- cover the aquarium with the lid, as the fish themselves, and even the young Siamese males can jump out of the tank;
- Do not fill the aquarium with bottled water, it is not recommended to be used for maintenance.
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How to feed, what feed to choose? Frozen fish food and live food will do as well. In general, to choose food for wayward cockerels is not difficult. But experts recommend to feed them in a variety of ways: it is not necessary that dry feeding be the basis.
How much feed should I give? Not too much. It is recommended to conduct a simple experiment: if the remaining feed has settled to the bottom, then you have not chosen the optimal amount, you need to reduce the amount of feed, and remove the remains with a net. Feed must be eaten within 5-10 minutes. It is imperative to feed the rooster balanced, not overfeeding.
How often to feed? It is enough to do it once or twice a day.
Aquarists suggest using earthworms as food if there is no live.
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Probably, many have heard that cockerels live beautifully alone. The reason is that the fish has a peculiar behavior: it is often aggressively tuned to any neighborhood, and even to relatives. Some sources indicate that males and females live normally only in an aquarium with a volume of 40 liters or more; with other fish live peacefully, if they are contained in a container of more than 15 liters.
In many ways, behavior is a decisive factor, and lovers give the cock a desired solitude. In this case, his behavior does not harm anyone. You can even have a cockerel kept alone in a small aquarium. How much should the volume of the aquarium? For one cock, we recall, the suitable capacity of 4-5 liters.
If the cockerel is contained in a mini-aquarium, then taking care of him is even easier:
- the air supply is not needed, the fish will breathe atmospheric air as much as it needs, taking it from the surface;
- no light is needed either, cockerels live well without him;
- Do not be afraid of the appearance of foam, because it is a sure sign that the cockerel has settled down and even began to build a nest;
- Want to see the fry, without changing the aquarium, pick up a larger container for breeding.
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Breeding cockerels - not an easy task, but quite doable. You need to know a few rules to see rooster fry.
Aquarium cockerels reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 months. During this period, reproduction becomes possible. In order to get healthy offspring, both the female and the male should not have diseases. Therefore, if the condition of the fish is in doubt, do not select it for placement in a separate aquarium.
Tip: Breeding will be successful, and the offspring will be more viable if before spawning to actively include moth females in the diet. How does this affect the breeding of cockerels? The fact is that the crank contains nutrients, thanks to which the eggs soften. And soft eggs will more easily go out of the abdomen. But do not overdo it, if you give moth large portions, then the water becomes cloudy at times faster.
For spawning aquarium cockerels need to be transplanted into another aquarium, and its capacity should be not less than 7 liters.
Advice: It is important that the female has the opportunity to hide from the male in the new aquarium: for this, plants (Javanese moss, Anubiasas) are placed in the tank, grottoes are made. This is done to ensure that the male, who at this time becomes overly aggressive, does not attack the female continuer of the genus. To prevent possible clashes, you can first introduce the male and female. How to do it? Place the fish in transparent containers that should be located opposite each other. Fishes will see each other, and hostility will evaporate. Breeding will be better.
Male males are not only aggressive, but also active: reproduction, as a rule, is taken under control. They collect small algae in order to build a nest, collect eggs during the spawn, hide them in the nest. Moreover, after the breeding is over, the spawn has passed, the male even drives off the female and protects the eggs, carefully and attentively. The male protects each fry, if the little cock swims away from the nest, the father will certainly return the fry back.
It is precisely because of such activity of the male cockerel immediately after spawning, when the breeding is over, that the female should be removed. If you do not, then the war can not be avoided. But the male rooster can not always protect the fry.How much should you keep it with the fry? After that, when all the little cockerels hatch, the male is sent to a common aquarium.
Tip: If everything is done according to the rules, and breeding does not occur, then spawning can be stimulated: change the water, it is not essential to increase the water temperature by 3 degrees.
In general, follow the rules, and breeding will be possible even at home!
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Compatibility of roosters with other fish
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish. The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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To the fish did not hurt
Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins. But this is not a sign of a disease, but of a recent skirmish. There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.
If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.
Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.
Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains - to put everything into practice. The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it. In general, good luck!
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Cockerel - betta fish
Betta Splendens (cockerel or betta fish, Siamese cockerel)
cockerel or betta fish (Siamese cockerel)as they used to call him in Russian for his temper - one of the most beautiful aquarium fish that is kept in freshwater aquariums.
Habitat Betta Splendens - the mainland of Southeast Asia, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and part of Vietnam. They live in stagnant waters - ditches, temporary reservoirs, rice fields.
The content of cockerel fish in an aquarium does not require great skills and knowledge, the fish will suit novice aquarists.
Contain cockerels in small aquariums, it is desirable to have an aquarium of 3 liters per cock. The presence of a filter in the aquarium is welcome.
Males of cockerels love to fight, fine fins are torn to shreds, so they are kept one at a time, either with other species of fish, or by a flock of spacious, overgrown aquariums, where the weaker can hide. With other fish, they are very peaceful. Cockerel - small fish, only 4-5 cm, rarely up to 8 cm.
The optimum temperature content is 25-28 degrees, dGH 5-15 °, pH 6-8.
Males are very beautiful and diverse. but the females are much more modest and less. Here is a couple.
During spawning, when they spawn, these are the hugs. And at the top - a nest of bubbles that the male built for the calf. There will be fry, which the male will take care of.
Photo from an Internet.