The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold - all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from I. Sheremetyev’s book: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a grayish-green fish doesn’t immediately catch the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed with sides, elongated. On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it - the female or rival - the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent. After some time, the opponent is defeated, ... the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! "
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes -Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels - Betta relatively peaceful fish - they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a "disliked" female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size. As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short - only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum amount of aquarium for cockerel fish
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass !!!
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up - DOES NOT INTEREST THEM !!! And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live by the pet store until the time of purchase !!! You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish !!!
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim !!! When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins - this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust biobalance, and care for such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large - from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural - natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. The lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest. Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them - individual foods that are best suited. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters - puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Then the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it "biting fish." A couple of copies of these "pieces" in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them "Betta fish", arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a "new" fish, calling it Betta Cambodia - one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms. On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette's species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
- Vualekhvosti warrior fish or "veil rooster"
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Giant or royal fighting fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Round-tailed warrior fishes
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Flagtail fighting fishes
- Poster fighting fish
- Crowntail fighting fish
- Poster fighting fish
- Crosstail fishes
- Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor "multicolor", two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
It is not difficult to breed these fish - it does not need any special conditions or, for example, a hormonal injection. In fact, under optimal conditions, spawning can occur in the general aquarium.
Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish
It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.
General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.
The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.
Sex differences in fish are pronounced - males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white "grain", "star" in front of the anal fin - this is the egg-deposit, as well as by the large abdomen.
pictured male and female cockerel
An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail. You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, pistia, water-colored plant. These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called "foam nest".
The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm. This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.
Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn. You can soften the water aquarium chemistry - preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).
Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him !!! The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.
If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male (if you have one).
But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.
IMPORTANT!!! Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited. At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.
The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her. Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This "hug and spin" process is repeated several times.
A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her. The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him. After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will dissolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.
You can remove the happy "father" and start feeding the fry with living dust by infusoria, or, for example, as some members of our site do it with melted water from Artemia frost.You can also try dry fish "baby food", for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish. Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young. To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.
In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give "adult" feed.
Many beautiful photos of cockerel fish
Interesting video spawning fish cockerelThe first video is especially recommended - Nerst of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting !!!
Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air.
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. The control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it is appropriate to have shelters of stones, snags, grottoes, etc. The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
The cockerel fish, the Siamese cockerel, or the fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is a member of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth. Cockerel fishes are found in freshwater bodies with stagnant water in Southeast Asia. In our time, the breeding forms of cockerels often become participants in international exhibitions.
For the first time, they found out about the cockerel fish in the 19th century, when the people of Siam found her in a rice ditch. Noticing the aggressive nature of their relatives, the people handed the fish to the local ruler. European naturalists who visited Siam, explored its features. Later with her participation organized "cock" fights, for which the fish and nicknamed "fight". Cockerels were brought to Europe in 1892. In the early twentieth century, American breeders began to develop new species of Betta splendens, which were distinguished by fins of unusual symmetry and rich colors of scales.
The aquarium cockerel Betta splendens has an elongated, oval-shaped body, flattened on the sides. The body size of the male is 6 cm, females - 4 cm in length. In most species, the color of the scales of males is brighter than that of females, the fins of males are lush and long, in females they are not so prominent. Today, in addition to natural species, there are a number of other species and breeds that were artificially bred. Aquarium betta cockerels differ in a variety of forms: red fighting fish, yellow cockerels, blue, green, pink, white, multi-colored. In the light, the body of the fish flickers with different colors. During the spawning period, males become very lush and bright, demonstrating their superiority over competitors. Even the female can differ in long fins, and engage in fights.
Betta fish, or betta cockerel got its name due to its character. The males are often kept alone: so that they do not get bored, they attach a mirror to the wall of the tank. When settling in a common aquarium, the cockerel fish enters into fights with representatives of its own species, or other neighbors. In the excited state, the female and male bulging fins and gill covers, gaining a formidable look.
The dorsal and caudal fins of the rooster are rounded, the ventral fin originates from the head or mid-belly, and ends at the very base of the caudal fin. Scales in fish of a cycloid structure, well adjacent to the skin. As a labyrinth species, the cockerel fish is a two-breathing hydrobiont, thanks to the labyrinth channel, captures the atmospheric air, dissolving it in this organ. Also breathes with gills.
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
Fighting cockerels (Betta splendens) are varieties of Betta. Selection forms "betta" and Betta splendens are completely different forms. Bettam include: Cockerel (Betta splendens), Betta unimaculata, Betta imbellis ladiges (dwarf, or black cockerel), Betta picta, Betta smaragdins ladiges, Betta taeniata Regan. Now we will talk about the forms of the caudal fin and differences.
- Crescent-shaped tail (Half moon) occurs in males with long and symmetrical fins. The tail is long, the correct form. When excited, the extreme rays expand at an angle of 90 °, the tail forms a semblance of the Latin letter D.
Admire the Halfmoon Betta.
- Rose tails are similar to the previous species, but their tail beams form weaves that never stretch. The "wrinkled" edges of the tail resemble rose petals.
- Super delta (Super delta) is a transitional form between the "delta" and "crescent". The edges of the tail are located to the axis of the body at an angle of 130-180o.
- The corona-tailed form (Crowntail) - the tail has many branched rays, the tail has a tooth often shaped like a crown.
- Veil tail form (Veil tail) - long fins that fall down. From the outside, it seems that they “weight down” the body of the fish.
- Double tail shape, or "delta" - the extreme rays of the tail have a D-shaped outline, the tail fin is not flattened, forms a right angle.
- Round tail - found in wild species, all fins are short, dense.
- The shape of the "brush" (Spade tail) - the tail has a pointed symmetry, the fin rays form a "corolla" pattern.
- Short-tail form (Plakad) - the tail resembles an open fan, its rays stand out well, resembling veinlets.
- The shape of the "flag" when the tail is close to a triangular shape, but well assembled.
According to body color, fighting fish are divided into: monochrome, bicolor, multicolor, marble, "dragon", "butterflies", etc.
Popular aquarium representatives
- The Cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is endemic to Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Thailand). The body of the fish is narrow, elongated, rounded in cross section. In the natural environment it feeds on insects, which are easily captured by the upper mouth. Betta vulgaris occurs with long and short fins. The wild fighting fish has scales of a dark brown shade on which green spots meet. The method of selection brought out the forms of Betta ordinary with veil fins and different color scales. The wild-looking fins play with different colors, shimmer in the world. The body length of an adult individual is 5-6 cm. Life expectancy is 3 years. The female is slightly paler in color, during spawning, it clearly shows the umbilical cord, from which the egg-laying will emerge. All types of Betta ordinary sleep at the bottom of the aquarium with open eyes.
- The black cock is not warlike, the black betta, the pygmy cock (Betta imbellis) is very beautiful, popular due to its interesting color and peaceful behavior. Often it is bred and sold in Thailand and Malaysia. The size of an adult individual is 5-6 cm in length. Fish carnivorous, eats daphnia, larvae of flies and mosquito.Prefers subacidic water, temperature 24-28 degrees Celsius. Body color can be blue, black and red. The tail fin is round or "delta", has red, blue stripes. The color of the scales is black with blue splashes. Peaceful fish was nicknamed because it can be kept in one tank in a company of 2 males and 2-4 females. When establishing a hierarchy, the males will not fight, so this pet can be chosen by a novice aquarist.
Look at a pair of betta imbellis.
- Crown tail Betta is a breeding form of Betta splendens Cockerel. The fish is immediately noticeable in the aquarium due to the rich bright color of the scales. Swims beautifully, mannered. The shape of the tail fin belongs to the crown-tailed species. The body is painted in red pigment, so for feeding the fish should be given food with carotenoids. Character, like many cockerels, fighting - you can settle without neighbors.
- The Blue Siamese Cockerel is another form of Betta. The blue-colored cockerel is the favorite of newcomers to aquarism. The blue cockerel has a void-shaped fin, long, falling down. The body is completely blue except for the ventral fins (they are red) and the head, which is distinguished by a dark color. The fish is mannered, very beautiful, but it cannot be settled with its neighbors, who are not opposed to seize its magnificent finch.
- The Green Cock, or Smaragda Betta, is a wild fish found in freshwater Asian waters. In the Betta smaragdina fish, the body has a slender, elongated symmetry, flattened on the sides. The color of the body is olive-green, there may be blueblue spots on the scales, which shimmer in the world. Gill covers and head painted dark. All fins can shine in different colors, or be painted in green, blue or red. Only the ventral fins are distinguished by a pure red tint. The dorsal fin is characterized by the presence of dark stripes. Genital differences are noticeable: the male has a larger fin size, the females on the dorsal fin have black lines. The body size of adults is 5.5–7 cm in length.