What eat cockerel aquarium fish
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating. Cockerels in the wild - omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Cock feeding guidelines
- How much food to give a cock?
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to keep the pet's health.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat. After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask. During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins. Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing. On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
What to feed the rooster?
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname "Siamese fighting fish"? They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish - you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him - continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules - specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food - in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products - if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, what is important, they love “freezing” very much. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food - as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick - maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
How to feed the cockerel fish :: how cockerel fish breed :: Aquarium fish
How to feed a rooster fish
Watching fish in an aquarium is a very exciting thing. The inhabitants of the underwater world are so diverse! Attractive for its bright color and shape of fins is the cockerel fish. If you decide to keep one in an aquarium, you should find out about its gastronomic preferences.
The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers
You will need
- - live bloodworm;
- - crustaceans;
- - frozen bloodworm;
- - pipemaker;
- - dry food from a pet store.
1. The betta betta fish is picky about food and can eat different foods: dry, live, frozen. The usual diet consists of moths, crustaceans, tubule and dry food, but the cock gives preference to live worms and crustaceans. Bloodworm - the most accessible and common feed. Use only fresh and live moths. Worms must stir, have no unpleasant smell and have a bright red (small) or red (large) color. To keep the live moth off the bottom when feeding, use a special floating feeder. Worms gradually crawl out of it into the water and the fish have time to eat them.
2. If you feed the rooster with crustaceans, first gently rinse the feed in a net with running water. Select several live specimens and place in a small jar of water. Lower the jar into the aquarium at an angle. The crustaceans will swim out and become a treat for your fish. The rooster has a good appetite and he eats everything readily. To keep the fish from overeating, limit the amount of food. Divide the daily portion by 2-3 times and offer food in small portions. For good nutrition alternate feed. Do not forget that frozen bloodworm and dry crustaceans should be only a minor supplement, the main part of the diet must be provided at the expense of live food.
3. If you need to change the diet, teach the rooster to a new feed gradually. The fish will be capricious at first, but then begins to eat it with great pleasure. Add a new treat in small portions to the main, and then make a replacement completely. Before feeding the fish, pay attention to the size of its abdomen. The rooster itself makes a variety of its menu. He successfully hunts for aquarium snails (nat, horn coils, melania).
Offer cocks of crustaceans in limited quantities. Excess feed rot and spoil the water in the aquarium.
Do not place large snails - ampoules in the aquarium with cocks. Small fishes eat at them short mustaches, and snails will perish.
Cockerel fish care
Cockerel fish is distinguished by its beauty and fighting spirit. It received its name due to the fact that two males in one aquarium arrange real cockfights, with fluffed fins and tails. If time does not separate them, then one of the cockerels, alas, dies.
The homeland of the cockerel fish is small ponds with warm water in Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia. That is why the cockerel fish must be kept in warm water at 22-26 ° C.
Cockerel Fish - maintenance and care
Caring for aquarium cockerel fish does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. The cockerel fish feels great in a small aquarium. These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air. Close the aquarium lid so that the air above the water surface warms up and your little cockerel does not catch a cold.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium. Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil. Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request. However, do not forget that the cockerel fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly! This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water. The fish is caught in a net and transplanted into a jar with a portion of the water. Then, under running water without the use of powders, they wash the aquarium and the ground and fill it with clean water of the desired temperature.
How to feed a cock fish?
For the rooster fish, they choose a special food in the form of small flakes, which is a dry full-feed. Food give 1-2 times a day at the tip of a knife. Within 5-10 minutes all food must be eaten. However, the cockerel fish is prone to overeating, if necessary, you can arrange for it one fasting day.
Breeding cockerel fish
For breeding cockerels fit a pair of fish at the age of 6-8 months. Until the moment of their meeting, they are kept separately for a couple of weeks, then they are thrown into one common aquarium, where the male begins to build a nest of foam and show mating games. In a couple of days you can expect spawning. After the female lays 100-600 eggs, it is deposited, and the male takes care of the eggs. After another 3-5 days, when the fry are already swimming, the male is rejected.
- aquarium length 25 cm and more;
- water level 10-15 cm;
- without soil;
- after the male has settled down, the water level is 5 cm;
- subdued lighting;
- pair of plants with small leaves.
Further content of the cockerel fish with other fish is possible. Do not forget about the nature of the fighting fish, about what fish the cockerels get on with. Do not hold together two males, do not choose guppies or fishes with veils in neighbors.
Cockerel Fish Disease
The most common disease affecting the beautiful tails of cockerels is called fin rot, or pseudomonosis. With this disease, the fins and tail descend and become as if scorched around the edges. The progression of this disease can leave your fish without a tail and fins. Infection occurs due to a specific bacterium that gets into the water with sick fish, live food and poor soil. The disease must be treated with special means.
The average life expectancy of fish is two to three years, but how long the cockerels live depends on the care and maintenance.
Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. Control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it is appropriate to have shelters of stones, snags, grottoes, etc. The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately.Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
Cockerel fish - handsome aquarium care spawning content photo video.
The cockerel is also called his fighting fish, and this characteristic was deservedly received. Juicy causing coloring and cocky temper make this aquarian inhabitant a no less pugnacious bird - a fighting cock. If two fishes - males - have to divide one territory, the fight will not be avoided. Each of them will strive to prove his superiority to the opponent. Sometimes you have to really separate the fish, otherwise only rags will remain from the air tails and fins!
Maintenance and care of cockerels
Since these fish are labyrinths, they have little need for water quality. Therefore, you do not need numerous aeration systems or filters. The temperature of the aquatic environment should be from 24 to 28 degrees, however, representatives of this species can tolerate and decrease to 17 degrees. Optimum hardness - 4.0-15.0, acidity - 6.0-7.5. 3-4 pounds of water should fall into one individual. The comforters are omnivorous, they can eat frozen, dry or live food.
Preferred last species - daphnia, tubers, bloodworm or cyclops. You can not overfeed the fish, in time remove not eaten feed. With regard to the livability of the fish, the cockerels can be kept together with the termination, speckled catfish, befort, seaweed, antsistrus, swordsman, brocade catfish, tarakatum, loricacia. It is not advisable to keep with guppies, discus, cichlomas, astronotus, piranhas, telepia and others.
How to distinguish the female from the male? It is believed that females are smaller than males and are inferior to them in the brightness of their color and fin finishes. However, do not focus only on these signs. With high-quality nutrition and proper care, female cockerels may not lag behind the males in size. And in the spawning period they are distinguished by no less aggressiveness.
Puberty cockerels reach half a year. At this time, the males occupy a certain territory, often near the islands of floating plants or in a corner, and begin to make foam nests. The male builds his house from the air.
A tireless builder all the time checks the nest for durability, arranging destroyed and scattered fragments, catches up another air laying. Cockerels - males scare competitors and actively flirt with the female, inviting her to see the future breeding ground. During spawning, the males are transformed, their color becomes much brighter
Under the nest, the male embraces the female, encircling her body. After spawning, the cockerel does not throw eggs to the mercy of fate, but gently collects them from the surface or from the bottom and places them in the center of the nest. The female lays 200-300 eggs. A week later, the hatched fry will spread around the aquarium in search of food. The male is still 2-3 days guarding their offspring.
Due to the fact that the cockerel is a fighting fish, in opposition to other relatives, it can tear its fins, but this does not mean that the fish are sick, so you should not grab different medicines and pour them alternately into the water. It is possible to determine the disease according to the behavior of the fish, especially if it changes gradually.
If cockerel aquarium fish are sick, their reproduction is not possible, as individuals will simply not be able to perform their natural function. A sick individual should immediately be removed from the general aquarium so that others do not get sick and only in the quarantine water space the caught individual should be treated.
It is worth remembering that sometimes the treatment does not require expensive medicines for a thousand diseases, but only pure water and compliance with all its parameters, so you should never panic.
As a spawner, it is better to take an aquarium with a volume of 15 liters, pour 10 liters of water into it, be sure to cover it with a lid - cockerels jump well. There should be a shelter for the female, I personally use ceramic snags, floating plants - I usually have pistes, you can add a few branches of a nayas or a hornpole. We put a heater in the spawner - the temperature should be about 26 degrees. Almond leaves can be placed in a spawner, for example, it is one of the spawning stimulants.
Then you plant a male there - usually he builds a nest right away. The next day we plant a female with him. Warning - the female should be plump, with caviar. In spawning fish do not feed! Usually after 3 - 24 hours spawning begins, in the process the male "embraces" the female and "squeezes" the eggs from her, at the same time fertilizing her.
After he releases the female, at this moment she is relaxed and in the same position almost goes to the bottom. The male is brightly colored while the female, on the contrary, turns pale. In dark colored females, dark longitudinal stripes may appear on the body. The male collects falling eggs (they are sinking, white) into the nest and again "squeezes" the female, usually until the calf remains in it.
Further, the female hides, as the male begins to drive her away from the nest, because the female can eat caviar. But it also happens that the female helps the male to collect eggs in the nest. After spawning, the female should be deposited.
At this stage, you need to again prepare food for fry, again, preferably alive - Nauplii Artemia. Artemia eggs can be purchased at the pet store or at the bird. I usually take a two-liter bottle of cola, pour на water there, put a teaspoon and a half of regular salt and a teaspoon of Artemia eggs, drop the spray from the compressor and put it on the aquarium rack, after a day the artemia is removed, the nebulizer is turned off to collect, the crustaceans accumulate in bottom, and they are sucked in with a hose from the compressor. It is better to put 2 bottles with a difference of 2 days, then you will always have nauplius for feeding.
Care for offspring:
Next, the male takes care of the nest - he eats dead eggs, heaves the nest. It is not necessary to feed him at this time, the water should not be changed either. After a day, the larvae begin to hatch.
At first they hang in the nest, the male continues to care for them, after a day the yolk sac usually dissolves and they begin to swim horizontally - at this moment the male must be transplanted and the compressor turned on. At the same time, the first feeding is done - we feed with an infusoria, if it is not there, then it is possible to feed like Sera micron, I do not recommend boiled egg yolk or boiled liver - they spoil the water.
It is necessary to feed so that there will always be food in the aquarium. Water change is not necessary. Gradually, during the week, reduce the temperature in the aquarium to room temperature. Day after 3 - 4 fry begins to take Artemia nauplius, but we don’t stop feeding with ciliates as well - smaller fry still eat it. If there is no artemia, it is possible to feed and decapsulated with artemia and dry food like Sera micropan.
In a week - one and a half, you can offer frozen microplankton to the fry, and later - cyclop, sliced tubule. As soon as the fry begin to take artemia, you can gradually raise the water level, and later replace the water. If you feed dry food - every day, if alive - can be less. When the fry reach the size of 1 cm, if you want to grow more fish, the young need to be sorted into different aquariums, otherwise the larger fry will eat smaller ones.
At the same time, it is advisable to transfer the fish to a larger aquarium so that they do not hesitate. When the fishes begin to be determined by the floor and the fight needs to be seated males in separate tanks, it is better to feed the fish in them with live food.
By the age of three months, males are usually painted completely, with some exceptions, the males begin to train in nesting, and they can be planted for spawning in months 4 - 5.
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Royal cockerel and other types of fighting fish
The cockerel fish, the Siamese cockerel, or the fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is a member of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth. Cockerel fishes are found in freshwater bodies with stagnant water in Southeast Asia. In our time, the breeding forms of cockerels often become participants in international exhibitions.
For the first time, they found out about the cockerel fish in the 19th century, when the people of Siam found her in a rice ditch. Noticing the aggressive nature of their relatives, the people handed the fish to the local ruler. European naturalists who visited Siam, explored its features. Later with her participation organized "cock" fights, for which the fish and nicknamed "fight". Cockerels were brought to Europe in 1892. In the early twentieth century, American breeders began to develop new species of Betta splendens, which were distinguished by fins of unusual symmetry and rich colors of scales.
The aquarium cockerel Betta splendens has an elongated, oval-shaped body, flattened on the sides. The body size of the male is 6 cm, females - 4 cm in length. In most species, the color of the scales of males is brighter than that of females, the fins of males are lush and long, in females they are not so prominent. Today, in addition to natural species, there are a number of other species and breeds that were artificially bred. Aquarium betta cockerels differ in a variety of forms: red fighting fish, yellow cockerels, blue, green, pink, white, multi-colored. In the light, the body of the fish flickers with different colors. During the spawning period, males become very lush and bright, demonstrating their superiority over competitors. Even the female can differ in long fins, and engage in fights.
Betta fish, or betta cockerel got its name due to its character. The males are often kept alone: so that they do not get bored, they attach a mirror to the wall of the tank. When settling in a common aquarium, the cockerel fish enters into fights with representatives of its own species, or other neighbors. In the excited state, the female and male bulging fins and gill covers, gaining a formidable look.
The dorsal and caudal fins of the rooster are rounded, the ventral fin originates from the head or mid-belly, and ends at the very base of the caudal fin. Scales in fish of a cycloid structure, well adjacent to the skin. As a labyrinth species, the cockerel fish is a two-breathing hydrobiont, thanks to the labyrinth channel, captures the atmospheric air, dissolving it in this organ. Also breathes with gills.
On the varieties of these fish in the form of the tail fin and coloring
Fighting cockerels (Betta splendens) are varieties of Betta. Selection forms "betta" and Betta splendens are completely different forms. Bettam include: Cockerel (Betta splendens), Betta unimaculata, Betta imbellis ladiges (dwarf, or black cockerel), Betta picta, Betta smaragdins ladiges, Betta taeniata Regan. Now we will talk about the forms of the caudal fin and differences.
- Crescent-shaped tail (Half moon) occurs in males with long and symmetrical fins. The tail is long, the correct form. When excited, the extreme rays expand at an angle of 90 °, the tail forms a semblance of the Latin letter D.
Admire the Halfmoon Betta.
- Rose tails are similar to the previous species, but their tail beams form weaves that never stretch. The "wrinkled" edges of the tail resemble rose petals.
- Super delta (Super delta) is a transitional form between the "delta" and "crescent". The edges of the tail are located to the axis of the body at an angle of 130-180o.
- The corona-tailed form (Crowntail) - the tail has many branched rays, the tail has a tooth often shaped like a crown.
- Veil tail form (Veil tail) - long fins that fall down. From the outside, it seems that they “weight down” the body of the fish.
- Double tail shape, or "delta" - the extreme rays of the tail have a D-shaped outline, the tail fin is not flattened, forms a right angle.
- Round tail - found in wild species, all fins are short, dense.
- The shape of the "brush" (Spade tail) - the tail has a pointed symmetry, the fin rays form a "corolla" pattern.
- Short-tail form (Plakad) - the tail resembles an open fan, its rays stand out well, resembling veinlets.
- The shape of the "flag" when the tail is close to a triangular shape, but well assembled.
According to body color, fighting fish are divided into: monochrome, bicolor, multicolor, marble, "dragon", "butterflies", etc.
Popular aquarium representatives
- The Cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is endemic to Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Thailand). The body of the fish is narrow, elongated, rounded in cross section. In the natural environment it feeds on insects, which are easily captured by the upper mouth. Betta vulgaris occurs with long and short fins. The wild fighting fish has scales of a dark brown shade on which green spots meet. The method of selection brought out the forms of Betta ordinary with veil fins and different color scales.The wild-looking fins play with different colors, shimmer in the world. The body length of an adult individual is 5-6 cm. Life expectancy is 3 years. The female is slightly paler in color, during spawning, she has a clearly visible umbilical cord, from which the ovipositor will emerge. All types of Betta ordinary sleep at the bottom of the aquarium with open eyes.
- The black cock is not warlike, the black betta, the pygmy cock (Betta imbellis) is very beautiful, popular due to its interesting color and peaceful behavior. Often it is bred and sold in Thailand and Malaysia. The size of an adult individual is 5-6 cm in length. Fish carnivorous, eats daphnia, larvae of flies and mosquito. Prefers subacidic water, temperature 24-28 degrees Celsius. Body color can be blue, black and red. The tail fin is round or "delta", has red, blue stripes. The color of the scales is black with blue splashes. Peaceful fish was nicknamed because it can be kept in one tank in a company of 2 males and 2-4 females. When establishing a hierarchy, the males will not fight, so this pet can be chosen by a novice aquarist.
Look at a pair of betta imbellis.
- Crown tail Betta is a breeding form of Betta splendens Cockerel. The fish is immediately noticeable in the aquarium due to the rich bright color of the scales. Swims beautifully, mannered. The shape of the tail fin belongs to the crown-tailed species. The body is painted in red pigment, so for feeding the fish should be given food with carotenoids. Character, like many cockerels, fighting - you can settle without neighbors.
- The Blue Siamese Cockerel is another form of Betta. The blue-colored cockerel is the favorite of newcomers to aquarism. The blue cockerel has a void-shaped fin, long, falling down. The body is completely blue except for the ventral fins (they are red) and the head, which is distinguished by a dark color. The fish is mannered, very beautiful, but it cannot be settled with its neighbors, who are not opposed to seize its magnificent finch.
- The Green Cock, or Smaragda Betta, is a wild fish found in freshwater Asian waters. In the Betta smaragdina fish, the body has a slender, elongated symmetry, flattened on the sides. The color of the body is olive-green, there may be blueblue spots on the scales, which shimmer in the world. Gill covers and head painted dark. All fins can shine in different colors, or be painted in green, blue or red. Only the ventral fins are distinguished by a pure red tint. The dorsal fin is characterized by the presence of dark stripes. Genital differences are noticeable: the male has a larger fin size, the females on the dorsal fin have black lines. The body size of adults is 5.5–7 cm in length.
How to feed cockerel fish?
It is necessary to feed the males once a day, preferably with bloodworms, giving each one or two worms. Once every three days for the prevention of them is useful to give a medical feed.
You can keep cockerels in an aquarium of any capacity. Labyrinth apparatus allows the fish to feel great even with the lack of oxygen in the water. Usually, young males are quite mobile and keep swimming around the aquarium looking for food. But at this time, the males do not demonstrate all the beauty of their fins. Fish dissolves them only with irritation. For this, it is enough to plant a female in an aquarium. The same effect is achieved if the mirror is lowered into the water. The male, seeing his image, takes a threatening position and begins to lash out at him. Often, such experiments should be repeated on, as the fish are very tired.
The temperature of the water for keeping cockerels should be below 20 degrees, the optimum temperature of 22-24 degrees. To the hardness and acidity of water cockerel undemanding. Darker ground is more necessary for brighter coloring of cockerels than an increase in water temperature. Special attention should be paid to the lighting of the aquarium. Only with properly selected lighting can you appreciate the beauty of the color of these fish. They look most spectacular when illuminated by the viewer or in side illumination, worse - when illuminated from above and very bad - when an aquarium is installed by the window when you have to look at the fish against the light. With too much light, the fish discolor and become faded.
The aquarium with cockerels can be planted with any thermophilic plants. But when keeping a large number of cockerels, planting of small-leaved plants such as kabomba and myrofillum should be avoided, giving preference to large-leaved plants that are easier to wash.
For breeding males it is necessary to pick up a young couple at the age of four to eight months, and the male should be slightly larger than the female or at least of the same size. Males of various colors are perfectly crossed and give mixed offspring, among which there will be fishes in both the color of the female and the male, and in addition, the fishes of mixed colors with different shades and transitions. Spawning can occur at any time of the year. Before spawning, the male and female are seated in different aquariums. The water temperature in them should be 2 degrees higher than in the general aquarium. After jigging, the male and female should be fed with live food, preferably with bloodworms and a pipe worker, for one to two weeks. During this period it is also useful to give them an enkhitreya.
Spawning process continues for several hours. At the end of spawning, the male drives the female away from the nest, and she hides in plants. During this period, the female should be deposited. At the same time, a few drops of tripoflavin solution should be added to the water in order to protect the eggs from rotting.
The fry first hang on the plants and glasses of the aquarium, and then begin to swim in search of food. At this time, you should begin to give the fusions ciliates or dust. Food: should be given often, but in small portions, so that it immediately eats. After five to seven days, except for dust and ciliates, you can begin to give a microworm. After ten or twelve days, the fry begin to feed the Cyclops. Fry grow unevenly, therefore, exclude from the diet small food in the transition to a larger one should not be.