Cockerel

Cockerel fish breeding

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The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review



COCK FISH
content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review

Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold - all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.

That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.

To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from I. Sheremetyev’s book: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a grayish-green fish doesn’t immediately strike her eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed sides, elongated. On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.

And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it - the female or rival - the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.

This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent. After some time, the opponent is defeated, ... the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! "

Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish


Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.

Latin name: Betta splendens;

Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;

Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes -Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta

Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.

"Acidity" Ph: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;

Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;

Aggressiveness: cockerels - Betta relatively peaceful fish - they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a "disliked" female during spawning.

The complexity of the content: easy;

Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size. As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.

Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.

In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!

How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short - only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

The minimum amount of aquarium for cockerel fish

The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.

Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass !!!

Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up - DOES NOT INTEREST THEM !!! And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live by the pet store until the time of purchase !!! You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish !!!

Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim !!! When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins - this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.

So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, set up a bio balance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.

About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish

From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large - from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.

In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural - natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. The lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.

An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest. Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.

Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them - individual foods that are best suited. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters - puddles, ditches, rice fields.

Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.

The history of cockerel fish

The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Then the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it "biting fish." A couple of copies of these "pieces" in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them "Betta fish", arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.

It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a "new" fish, calling it Betta Cambodia - one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.

Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms

The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms. On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!

So, the Bette's species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).






And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:

In size and shape of the fins:

- Vualekhvosti warrior fish or "veil rooster"

- Deltatail fighting fish

- Giant or royal fighting fish

- Crescent-tailed warrior fish

- Round-tailed warrior fish

- Crescent-tailed warrior fish

- Deltatail fighting fish

- Flagtail fighting fishes

- Poster fighting fish

- Crowntail fighting fish

- Poster fighting fish

- Crosstail fishes

- Two-tailed fighting fish

- other


By color:
Multicolor "multicolor", two-color, one-color.

Photos of some breeding forms

(Betta splendes)









Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish

It is not difficult to breed these fish - it does not need any special conditions or, for example, a hormonal injection. In fact, under optimal conditions, spawning can occur in the general aquarium.

It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.

General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.

The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.

Sex differences in fish are pronounced - males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white "grain", "star" in front of the anal fin - this is the egg-deposit, as well as by the large abdomen.

pictured male and female cockerel

An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail. You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, piste, water-colored plant These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called "foam nest".

The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm. This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.

Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn. You can soften the water aquarium chemistry - preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).

Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him !!! The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.

If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male (if you have one).

But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.

IMPORTANT!!! Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited. At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.

The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her. Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This "hug and spin" process is repeated several times.

A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her. The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him. After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will dissolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.

You can remove the happy "father" and start feeding the fry with living dust by infusoria, or, for example, as some members of our site do it with melted water from Artemia frost. You can also try dry fish "baby food", for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish. Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young. To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.

In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give "adult" feed.


Many beautiful photos of cockerel fish


Interesting video spawning fish cockerel

The first video is especially recommended - Nerst of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting !!!

How to understand that the cockerel fish is pregnant :: how to determine the age of the cockerel fish :: Breeding

How to understand that the cockerel fish is pregnant

Cockerel fishes are one of the most spectacular species, which pleases aquarists not only with bright colors, fluffy tail and fins, but also fighting enthusiasm. However, breeding cockerels requires special care, because the calf will be looked after by the male, and the fish become especially aggressive during this period.

Question "British Pregnancy" - 1 answer

Instruction

1. For breeding cockerel fish, select at least two fish: a male and a female. It is possible to determine the sex of the fish in comparison - the males are larger, they have a big tail, a rounded fin. They behave more aggressively, if you put them in front of a mirror, they start to inflate the gills, to attack the reflection. Females behave more modestly and are painted in more pale shades, they always have a white speck on the abdomen. The difficulty lies in the fact that some males also have a white spot, and some "hens" behave aggressively and can strongly pat the "spouse".

2. Choose the right pair, better than one species, for example, female and male voiletail. Fish capable of breeding are not younger than 3.5 months, but not too old. Before planning spawning, it is better to plant them in different reservoirs for a week and feed them with live food: bloodworms or koretra, it contains many nutrients.

3. To determine the pregnancy of the cockerel, just watch her. In fact, the caviar is formed constantly in the female, therefore it is impossible to speak of her pregnancy as a temporary period. For an aquarist much more important is the notion of readiness for spawning a rooster. The abdomen slightly increases, the horizontal stripes become vertical and very clear. In light individuals, caviar may appear through the abdomen. The behavior changes as well: the females start to inflate the gills, flirt and swim next to the male.

4. For breeding fry, prepare a separate aquarium, a small reservoir of 15 liters will do. It is necessary to pour distilled water into it in advance, install an aerator, light and a heater (a temperature of 28 ° C is needed). The fish will feel more protected if there are growing vallisneria bushes, pistias, and a hornpole. You can also place small red snails that will clean the aquarium from unfertilized eggs and various parasites.

5. Note that the male rooster plays the main role in the nest device. He builds a nest of foam on the surface of the water, then pushes the female to the nest, presses on her abdomen and slides eggs. Then he fertilizes them and puts them in the nest. After the "birth" the male begins to push the female away from the nest - at this moment it is better to plant her in another reservoir, she will no longer take care of the clutch. When the fry hatch and begin to swim, it should also be deposited.

How to breed cockerel fish

Bulbozavr ☺☺☺

Here is the good info:
How to breed aquarium cockerel fish at home. How to feed the fry to grow bright, beautiful fish.
Many people like bright fish like cockerels. I will tell you how to breed cockerels at home.
To do this, of course, we will need at least one female and one male. It is advisable to feed the female with bloodworms before spawning. Bloodworm contains many nutrients that contribute to the maturation of eggs in the female and the softening of these eggs. If the female cockerel has not spawned for a long time, then to ease during spawning and during spawning, it is even more necessary to feed with bloodworms. Just give the bloodworm in a small amount so that the water does not become turbid.
When the female is ready for spawning, her belly will begin to grow. It is important not to miss this moment, because if for a long time the calf is not set aside, the roe will harden and the female will become unsuitable for further spawning.
For spawning need an aquarium of 15 liters. Pour the distilled water, a little more than half of the aquarium, put a heater in the corner. In the other corner of the aquarium we place a water thermometer, next to it are vallisneria bushes, where the rooster will hide. It is necessary to place several small red snails in the aquarium, they will eat the milk planaria at the bottom - these are small worms that appear when the eggs not fertilized with the rooster's milk will spoil.
Temperature for spawning needs 28 degrees. The male begins to build a nest on the surface of the water from the foam. When the nest is ready, the male cockerel starts pushing the female to the nest and squeezes it with his body and the eggs begin to crumble up to the nest.
Cock nest:
The male waters the eggs with milk and collects the eggs, rising to the surface spits them into the nest. When the female has no more eggs, the male will drive the female away from the nest. Then you need to catch the female from the aquarium, and leave the male. It is the male cockerel who will take care of the nest and look after the eggs. The male rooster needs to be fed with bloodworms once a day. When the fry begin to swim and the male does not have time to catch them, he must be caught and placed separately.

When the nest disintegrates and the egg sac disappears in the fry, they will float freely. Then you need to put a compressor in the aquarium. And you can begin to feed the fry with egg yolk.
A chicken egg is cooked when it is ready and cool, a small piece is broken off from the yolk and in the glass of water it is kneaded with a finger, the compressor is turned on with a slight air pressure and a little is poured into the aquarium with fry. Yolk like dust begins to swim in the aquarium, the fry feed and quickly begin to grow. Feed the fry twice a day.
With the periodicity of the replacement water, the temperature in the aquarium can be lowered by 2 degrees to 26 degrees.
When the fry will be 5mm long, you can feed them with a nematode. Nematodes is a culture grown on tolnitsa or shredded oats.
They take dishes with a lid, oatmeal or rolled oats, add water from the aquarium or distilled water, knead like thick sour cream, add nematode culture, cover with a lid, periodically open for ventilation and open periodically for ventilation and oxygen supply. After 5 days, small white worms will be on the walls and the lid of the container. We collect them and feed the little males. Nematode culture can be bought on the market where they sell aquarium fish. The result is not to make yourself wait. Our fry will grow very quickly and acquire different colors. Especially if the female and male are of different colors, for example, the female is red and the male is blue.

Petushki. Content and breeding cockerels. Preparing producers for spawning. Continued.

Aquarium fish Cock! Content and breeding! # Cock

Aquarium fish Cock! Content and breeding! # Cock

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