Rooster aquarium fish - maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters. If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die. Fighting cockerels are extremely popular in their homeland.
The cockerel fish is descended from Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. There, these aquatic inhabitants live in small warm waters. Therefore, the optimum water temperature for this type is 22-26 degrees. There is little oxygen in the silted, stagnant waters of Southeast Asia. Therefore, your aquarium does not need an aerator for oxygenation.
At home, no one is particularly interested in the color of the cockerel fish. Their content boils down to preparing for battles. This is done by special trainers. A lot of spectators come to watch the fights. However, most often the death of the fish is not allowed, rather dangling fins.
The cockerel fish has an oval body, elongated in length, slightly compressed on the sides. Its length is up to 5 cm in males and smaller, up to 4 cm, in females. Beauty and brightness, "fabulous" color is not equal to them. At any turn, red, yellow, orange, pink, green colors sparkle and play, taking all sorts of shades. Especially bright color in males when clashing with each other.
During spawning, the cockerel fish also "fills" with paint. The females are a little paler than their gentlemen, the fins of the ladies are short and not so luxurious. However, breeders are working in this direction. Not so long ago, females appeared in which the fins have a more elongated shape, and the body color is not inferior to the males.
The cockerel fish has dark stripes across or along its body. The upper fin and tail of this species have a rounded shape, the lower fin, starting from the head, comes to the tail. Pectoral fins of cockerels have a pointed shape. It is interesting to observe the fish that are excited - the gills of the males swell, forming a bulging “collar” around the head.
The differences in the sexes of these fish are obvious. The cockerel "boy" is more slender, it is brighter colored, its fins are much longer. The females are usually smaller, their fins are shorter. The main difference between the "hen" and the cockerel will be the presence of a female with a small white speck near the anus, the "grains". This formation is a bit like an emerging "egg". It becomes well noticeable already from three months of age.
What else do you need to know after the cockerel fish appeared in your house? Their content is not such a difficult task.
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to have a rooster fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium. Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar. But two males in one "pond" do not get along. True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments. Many do this also because, seeing the opponent, the males begin to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to frighten and intimidate their counterpart. Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
The cockerel fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time as other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins. Otherwise, the "fighters" will certainly cut them off. It is better to settle to the cockerels of larger fish with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical cockerels, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees. Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation. Fish need air. Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter. It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours. It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water. The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar. Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
Labyrinth organ - a distinctive feature of cockerel fish. This is not a simple addition to the gills - these babies breathe atmospheric air. Make sure that the surface of the water does not overgrow. Sometimes a bacterial film appears on it, it is easily removed if you attach a sheet of paper to the water, and then simply remove it carefully.
Males can jump out hard. So that they do not harm themselves, install a special cover with holes or a grid.
For fish need soft water. Do not use distillate for the aquarium, as it contains not only harmful, but also useful substances. In specialized stores sell special products to soften and purify water. Temperature should be monitored. To reduce aggressiveness and stress a little, add a little therapeutic salt (half a teaspoon per four liters). Large aquariums need to be replaced every two weeks. In the interim, it is necessary to change it partially. Small aquariums need to be cleaned and replaced twice a week. Be sure to remove the remaining feed from the bottom - the products of its decomposition will poison the water.
What to feed the fish cock? These aquatic inhabitants are picky. They can eat both dry food and live food. Most cockerels love bloodworms. You can give chimney, cyclops, Daphnia. Earthworms will do. So that the fish do not overeat, remove the uneaten remnants 15 minutes after the start of feeding. Food should be given once or twice a day.
If you see that pets overeat, arrange for them one fasting day a week.
Cockerel fish: compatibility
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals. The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? "With whom does this species get on?" - This question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors. Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack. It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted). In larger individuals, cockerels may bite off the antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
Suitable neighbors for fighting fish
What kind of fish do cockerels get along with? These can be neon iris, sword-bearers, patcilia, ancytrus, brocade catfish, tarakatum, boats, nagging gourays, akantoftalmusy, pulphrypinnis, speckled catfish, gastromysones and some other species. It is advisable before the acquisition of fish to consult with the seller-consultant.
Unwanted neighbors for cockerels
Akaras, piranhas, tilapias, black-striped cichlomas, ctenopomes, tetraodons, parrots, kupanusy, astronotus - it is impossible to settle with these types of cockerel fish. Fighters can attack and tear off fins to such neighbors as neons, danios, guppies, cardinals, barbs, as well as gouram spots, pearl and marble.
Breeding fish cockerels
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm. Shelters are made of aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. The cockerel (female) fish will be able to hide here from the male, which is very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed. In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration - it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. It is possible to stimulate spawning with a large water change. It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish "acquaint" with each other. To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a "dwelling", the male cock lets out small air bubbles, then gluing them together with his saliva. About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him. After the start of spawning, the male cockerel collects eggs from his mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium. The male breeds the offspring - he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back. After the larvae hatched, the cockerel does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of males is placed together in an aquarium. It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week. After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions. In a spawning aquarium, the rooster is usually fed with bloodworms. Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In males fry, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration. You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria - “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure. When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry. You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the "elderly" age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
Bright and eccentric cockerels are able to decorate any home or office. Caring for them is easy. In exchange, they will give many pleasant moments to their owner.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold - all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from I. Sheremetyev’s book: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a grayish-green fish doesn’t immediately catch the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed with sides, elongated. On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it - the female or rival - the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent. After some time, the opponent is defeated, ... the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! "
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes -Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels - Betta relatively peaceful fish - they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a "disliked" female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size. As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short - only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum amount of aquarium for cockerel fish
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass !!!
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up - DOES NOT INTEREST THEM !!! And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live by the pet store until the time of purchase !!! You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish !!!
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim !!! When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins - this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, set up a bio balance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large - from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural - natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. The lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest. Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them - individual foods that are best suited. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters - puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Then the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it "biting fish." A couple of copies of these "pieces" in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them "Betta fish", arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a "new" fish, calling it Betta Cambodia - one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms. On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette's species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
- Vualekhvosti warrior fish or "veil rooster"
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Giant or royal fighting fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Round-tailed warrior fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Flagtail fighting fishes
- Poster fighting fish
- Crowntail fighting fish
- Poster fighting fish
- Crosstail fishes
- Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor "multicolor", two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
It is not difficult to breed these fish - it does not need any special conditions or, for example, a hormonal injection. In fact, under optimal conditions, spawning can occur in the general aquarium.
Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish
It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.
General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.
The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.
Sex differences in fish are pronounced - males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white "grain", "star" in front of the anal fin - this is the egg-deposit, as well as by the large abdomen.
pictured male and female cockerel
An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail. You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, pista, vodokras. These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called "foam nest".
The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm. This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.
Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn. You can soften the water aquarium chemistry - preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).
Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him !!! The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.
If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male.
But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.
IMPORTANT!!! Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited. At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.
The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her. Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This "hug and spin" process is repeated several times.
A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her. The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him. After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will dissolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.
You can remove the happy "father" and start feeding the fry with living dust by infusoria or, for example, as some members of our site do with melted water from Artemia frost. You can also try dry fish "baby food", for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish. Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young. To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.
In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give "adult" feed.
Many beautiful photos of cockerel fish
Interesting video spawning fish cockerelThe first video is especially recommended - Nerst of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting !!!
Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air.
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. The control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it will be appropriate to shelter from stones, snags, grottoes, etc.The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
Cockerel aquarium fish
For those who love unusual and beautiful aquarium fish, perfect for cockerels. All colors of the rainbow are present in their fancy colors. More lovers are attracted to these fish by their grace and large beautiful fins. Cockerel fish has 70 species. Among them, the most famous Thai cockerels. At first, these creatures could not adapt to captivity. But enthusiasts carried out a serious selection work, and now we already have the opportunity to see these lovely creatures at home.
Rooster aquarium fish - compatibility
These fish got their name for pugnacious temper. "Wars" they lead between the males of their breed, although they can attack the guppies, confusing her with a relative. The cockerels with the specials, speckled catfish, black mollies, gourami, antsistrus, tarakatum, seaweed, termination, and many other species get along quite well. But it is undesirable to breed cockerels with piranhas, akars, cichlozomes, telepies, parrots, discus, melanochromis and ctenopomas. These inhabitants of aquariums can cripple your cockerel.
Cockerel Fish - species
- Differences in fin shape: crescent-tailed, voilekhvostye, koronoshvosty, round-tailed, two-tailed, brush tail, flag-tailed, poster, delta-tail, royal (giant).
- Differences in coloring:
- monochrome (from black and violet to white and orange);
- two-colored (the fin or its end is of one color, and the body is completely different);
- multi-color (different colors of the body and fins, passing color shades are possible).
The dragon fighting fishes with a massive body and an excellent silver-metal cover stand apart.
How to determine the sex of the cockerel fish?
With this you should not have difficulty. "Cavalier" is usually somewhat slimmer and has a brighter color. Their fins are also longer than those of ladies. The cockerel female has its own difference. Near the anus of females there is a small formation on the abdomen in the form of a white grain. It looks like an egg and becomes noticeable at 3 months of age.
Rooster aquarium fish - content
To create a comfortable environment for your fish, you need to maintain the water temperature not lower than 25 degrees. If there are floating plants on the surface of the water, the roosters will not attempt to jump out of the aquarium. Maintain water hardness within 4-15, and acidity from 6 to 7.5. Layer of soil in 3 cm is enough. You can take a dark ground, because in nature, these fish live in small ponds with muddy water. And on this background, they look more impressive. Dark paper can glue the back wall, creating a good contrast. In the water, you can throw a piece of almond leaf, so that it a little tint it. The diseased individual must be immediately isolated and only then treated.
It is not difficult to care for the cockerel fish. The minimum volume of the aquarium should be 10 liters. But in such a small aquarium only one individual can live. Putting other inhabitants in there is undesirable. Two males will find each other and arrange a fight. The female in a small amount of gentleman also pushes to exhaustion. Although the ladies are also aggressive and can persistent groom kill.
Cockerel Fish Food
For food is suitable both frozen and live food. Males are not very picky in this matter. With a shortage of food, some aquarists feed them even washed earthworms. Pieces of food should not accumulate at the bottom of your aquarium - this rule is suitable for keeping all kinds of fish.
How to breed cockerel fish?
On the eve of spawning, a moth must be introduced into the diet of the female, containing many necessary substances for offspring.In order for our future mother to hide from the male, the aquarium is supplied with artificial caves or grottoes, and some plant species are planted in it (anubiases, javanese moss or echinodorus). A stimulating factor for mating can be a slight, 3 degrees, increase in water temperature. After spawning, the female is transplanted into another reservoir, and the “father” is left until his offspring begins to move independently in the water. You can feed the fry with nauplii of Artemia, finely divided pipe worker or pounded dry food. In three weeks it is desirable to sort out babies who are able to eat weak relatives. With the manifestation of aggression, grown-up fish should be kept separately.
What are the best neon fish fishes?
Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants. Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish. Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.
What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species. But one thing unites them - a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors. So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.
Settlement rules in a common aquarium
Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful. There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.
Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.
- Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
- Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them - the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
- You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
- Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
- Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.
- A territorial niche should be installed in the aquarium. That is, all types of fish should swim in certain layers of water - in the lower, middle or upper. So they will not interfere with each other. Neons, like somiki corridor, swim in the bottom layer of the aquatic environment.
- Neons love plants not as a delicacy, but as scenery or shelter, among which you can swim or hide. If other aquarium fish gnaw leaves, or are prone to such sabotage, neons can suffer greatly.
- During all diseases, the fish must be treated, and the treatment methods may not be the same for all fish. Some tolerate treatment with salt, copper, and others - no. Neons are not particularly sensitive to copper-based drugs. Therefore, their neighbors can become fish with the same portability. Then the treatment can take place in the general aquarium.
With whom neons can and cannot get along
Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.
See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.
Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.
Rasbory - can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.
Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) - peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active. It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable. So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.
Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:
- Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, cockerels, koi carps - those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
- Goldfish - they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
- Angelfish - can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.
Aquarium fish: species compatibility :: cockerel aquarium fish compatibility :: Aquarium fish
Aquarium fish: species compatibility
In the maintenance and breeding of aquarium fish has its own special nuances and nuances. This should know everyone who is going to get a new "pets" - aquarium fish. Knowledge of what ornamental fish eat will not be enough. A huge role in the content of these creatures plays the compatibility of their species.
The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers
Compatibility of aquarium fish in their habitat
This is perhaps one of the most important aspects of proper and healthy keeping fish at home. It is important to know that not all fish can exist only in brackish water or only in fresh water, but most of them still prefer fresh water: goldfish, guppies, roosters, pink danios, etc. By the way, here we should also include a certain temperature regime, which is optimal for certain fish.
Aquarium fish compatibility by temperament
This is another important criterion of friendly neighborhood. In no case can not keep in one aquarium fighters and peaceful fish. Otherwise, the former will simply destroy the latter. For example, Siamese fighting fish (or cockerels) are fighters from nature. If they start fierce battles between themselves, then about their neighborhood with calm species of fish in general and there can be no talk! It is curious that in one aquarium it is not even recommended to keep two male males, since one of them will surely die in a fierce fight.
Compatibility of aquarium fish: predators - a threat to peaceful fish!
Predatory fish - not neighbors peaceful! The fact is that these species prefer to eat live food, so they can easily be attacked by those fish that eat dried insect larvae, plankton, etc. The only case when predatory fish do not attack the peaceful ones is the large size of the latter. But it is worth the predator himself to grow in size, as he immediately prefers to eat his peaceful neighbors.In this case, you need to either separate the aquarium with opaque glass, or arrange the fish in separate tanks.
Compatibility of aquarium fish in their sizes
It is not recommended to place small and large kinds of fish in one aquarium. In this case, the fish will begin to experience significant discomfort. In addition, the difference in their size will constantly affect the amount of food eaten by various species of fish: the tiny inhabitants of the aquarium will always get only the crumbs, while large fish will eat large tidbits. This rule should be followed when there is a need for breeding fish of the same species: if possible, only individuals of approximately the same age and size should be kept together.
Experienced aquarists say that it is best to breed small and gregarious fish. The fact is that these little fishes are unpretentious, very beautiful, and also affordable. They do not require large forces and costs in their care. The most striking among them are the following fish: guppies, barbs, striped danios, picnic, swordtails, mollies. However, even here there is a rule: fry should be kept separately from the adult generation. In the aquarium to adult individuals, they should be released when they grow up.
What eat cockerel aquarium fish
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating. Cockerels in the wild - omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Cock feeding guidelines
- How much food to give a cock?
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat. After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask. During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins. Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing. On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
What to feed the rooster?
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname "Siamese fighting fish"? They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish - you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him - continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules - specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food - in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products - if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, what is important, they love “freezing” very much. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food - as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick - maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.