How many years will live cock in the aquarium?
The betta siamese betta splendens are very popular pets that live in an aquarium. For the first time having settled this fish, many people have a question: "How many cockerel fish live?" The average life expectancy is 2-4 years with proper care. If you have created proper conditions for your pet, then at home he will live as long as possible. To achieve this result, you must follow the rules for the purchase and maintenance of fish.
How to choose a healthy cock in the store?
Your cockerel will live longer if initially purchased from a good seller. When you notice that the fish lives in quality conditions, moves well, eats, it has a beautiful appearance - it means that you can settle at home. First of all, pay attention to the activity of the fish in the aquarium, the state of the scales and fins, its general physical condition.
Buy a young fish. The sooner she gets used to your tank, the more comfortable she will be there. The youngsters adapt more quickly to new conditions of life. In young males, the fins are shorter than in the mature ones, and in the young the body size is several centimeters smaller.
Look at the young male Blue / Red Dragon Halfmoon Betta.
Estimate the volume and condition of the water in which the not yet purchased fish lives. If you notice a cloud, dirt, substrate of unknown origin, wait a little with the purchase. Water should be clean, clear, slightly yellowish shade is allowed.
Look at the other fish that live in the same tank with the fish you like. Is it a bit tight for the day? How do they move, feed, their external condition? The Siamese cockerels are fighters, and a long settlement in a species aquarium will destroy them all. If each fish lives separately, in good conditions - this is a big plus.
Do not buy two Betta splendens at once. If you lodge newcomers in a common tank, they quickly harm each other. Buy one pet, put him in a 2-week quarantine, look at his condition. When he gets used to the new environment, you can populate it in a pre-prepared aquarium. After a few months, you can add neighbors to it, but given the nature of the character, this is a big risk.
How to help the fish live longer?
- Set up the aquarium correctly, wait until it is established biological balance. Let it be a rectangular tank with a volume of 50-100 liters. Small, round containers will not allow the fish to move, it will be uncomfortable and boring. In the spacious reservoir there is an opportunity to create an amazing aquascape that resembles a natural biotope. Use a good filter to quickly deal with biological stress.
- Let plants and algae be in your tank. In the most convenient for cockerels tanks there is a lot of vegetation, they are provided to ensure that there is enough oxygen in the water, and it remains clean. Buy plants from trusted vendors so that they are healthy and treated for parasites.
- Maintain the temperature in the aquarium. Adjust it with a water thermometer. The cockerel is a tropical fish, which is used to warm water: the temperature is 26-29 ° C. Use 50W heaters.
See how to keep a cockerel fish.
- The life of the fish will extend the correct, balanced feeding. In the aquarium, the fish will only eat what they give it, so choose several types of feed. Live, frozen, dry, artificial - the cockerel is omnivorous. However, do not overfeed, try to give suitable, proven feed. Clean uneaten food residues in time.
- Be attentive to your pet - watch him, play with him. Teach him new tricks to help him interact with you.
- Do not try to provoke the fish to aggression. Sometimes you can put a mirror in the aquarium, but for a short time. Betta's cockerel is a real fighter, so he should not be in constant rage. Do not put decorations or stones on the bottom of the tank that could damage the quality of the water. Dyes, water softeners are not always appropriate.
- Make timely water changes and clean your aquarium. There is a perception that cockerels are very hardy fish, but this is not entirely true. Dirty water provokes illness, and even the death of a pet. Sharp changes in water parameters are also destructive for a living being.
- Let the fish spawn. Let the roosters not have good parents, but the lack of reproduction adversely affects their health. In the female, the calf lag forms cysts with which it is difficult for her to live. Males become more lethargic and live less.
- Make sure the lid in the aquarium is slightly open. Like labyrinth fish, cockerels must breathe more and atmospheric air. Ensure that the air and water temperatures match.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold - all these words can be applied to the cockerel aquarium fish. Aquarium cockerels have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all types of cockerels, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why cockerels are among the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, I’ll give below a literary description of the behavior of cockerel fish in nature from I. Sheremetyev’s book: “Along with beautifully colored gouras, a grayish-green fish doesn’t immediately catch the eye. Her body is 6 cm long, slightly compressed with sides, elongated. On the sides there are turbid longitudinal stripes with a greenish sheen.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest. Who is it - the female or rival - the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees. If two males meet, their intentions will be more serious than can be imagined. Mutual posing begins, demonstrating brightness, playing brilliance and fin sizes.
This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later! Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent. After some time, the opponent is defeated, ... the male who won the fight, does not allow him to the air and the surface. The loser is killed! "
Beautiful, professional photo of a rooster fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Cockerel fish, Siamese cockerel, cockerel, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, gender: Perciformes -Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: It does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: cockerels - Betta relatively peaceful fish - they can not be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible. The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a "disliked" female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Cockerel fish compatibility: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, the aggression of fish extends to all small, clumsy and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size. As a recommendation, it is possible to advise in the neighbors of the males: corridors (speckled catfish), danios, molines, swordtails, other nimble petilles, tetras.
Males are not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish you should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for more information on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Cockerel fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short - only 3 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum amount of aquarium for cockerel fish
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass !!!
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up - DOES NOT INTEREST THEM !!! And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live by the pet store until the time of purchase !!! You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish !!!
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim !!! When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins - this is actually a sad sight. Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies. Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust biobalance, and care for such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large - from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural - natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. The lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest. Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them - individual foods that are best suited. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters - puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Then the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it "biting fish." A couple of copies of these "pieces" in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them "Betta fish", arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a "new" fish, calling it Betta Cambodia - one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known. There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor. And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette's species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
- Vualekhvosti warrior fish or "veil rooster"
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Giant or royal fighting fish
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Round-tailed warrior fishes
- Crescent-tailed warrior fish
- Deltatail fighting fish
- Flagtail fighting fishes
- Poster fighting fish
- Crowntail fighting fish
- Poster fighting fish
- Crosstail fishes
- Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor "multicolor", two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
It is not difficult to breed these fish - it does not need any special conditions or, for example, a hormonal injection. In fact, under optimal conditions, spawning can occur in the general aquarium.
Reproduction and breeding aquarium cockerel fish
It is much more difficult to find a good pair of producers than to spawn itself. And if we talk about breeding breeding of cockerels, then the issue with the selection of parents arises squarely.
General information about spawning and breeding cockerels.
The sexual maturity of the cockerel reaches 3-4 months. From this period they can begin to breed.
Sex differences in fish are pronounced - males are larger than females, their fins are much larger and males are, as a rule, brighter than females. In addition, the female ready to spawn can be distinguished by the white "grain", "star" in front of the anal fin - this is the egg-deposit, as well as by the large abdomen.
pictured male and female cockerel
An aquarium for spawning may not be large from 10 liters, the water level in which should be 10-15 cm. A spawning aquarium should not have soil and is equipped only with shelters for the female, for example, with crown, as well as with small bushes of perististoistnye plants, for example, with roetail. You also need to use plants that float on the surface of the water: duckweed, pistia, water-colored plant. These plants are used by the male in the construction of the so-called "foam nest".
The temperature in the spawning tank should be in the range of 26-30 degrees Celsius. Different sources, write different data on the temperature regime for spawning Bette. Taking into account the analysis, I think that 28 degrees is the norm. This temperature is optimal and makes it possible to increase it by a couple of degrees, thereby stimulating spawning.
Spawning and soft water is used for spawning aquariums. Soft water is an incentive to spawn. You can soften the water aquarium chemistry - preparations containing peat, and other methods. In addition, in the spawning aquarium is recommended to throw a leaf of almonds (see Herbal medicine for fish and aquarium).
Before spawning, the producers sit for a couple of weeks, and are abundantly fed with live food. After spawning in the aquarium, the first place the male, which begins to settle. As soon as he begins to build a foam nest, a female with caviar is brought to him !!! The presence of calf in the female can be determined by the rounded abdomen.
If the spawning process does not start or the male does not pay attention to the female, the spawning should be stimulated: by softening the water or replacing the water with fresh water, raising the temperature by 2-3 degrees. If after these manipulations, spawning does not begin, you can try to plant another male in the presence of the male (if you have one).
But, usually the above described problems with breeding cockerels do not arise, in the evening the male already finally builds a nest, and in a day the calf already matures in it.
IMPORTANT!!! Stimulating fish in a spawning aquarium with live food is prohibited. At the time the producers are in spawning, they are not fed at all in order to avoid contamination and unwanted fungi and bacteria.
The process of spawning itself is very interesting. It begins with the fact that the male swims up to the female, hugs her and squeezes 2-5 eggs out of her. Eggs begin to fall to the bottom, the male quickly collects them in his mouth and places them in a foam nest. This "hug and spin" process is repeated several times.
A visual indication that the spawning is over is the male’s circling over the foam nest and the female’s seat in the shelter. As soon as this moment has arrived, the female is removed, since in the eyes of the male she begins to carry a threat to the offspring, which is why he can kill her. The deposited female is abundantly fed. Further, all the care of the clutch and the offspring takes the father! The main thing at this moment is not to disturb him. After one day, the larvae will appear, and after another day the yolk bladder will dissolve in the larvae and they will begin to swim.
You can remove the happy "father" and start feeding the fry with living dust by infusoria, or, for example, as some members of our site do it with melted water from Artemia frost. You can also try dry fish "baby food", for example, Sulfur Micron. Such feeds are either diluted in a bowl and the resulting suspension is poured into the spawning unit, or they take the feed at the tip of a finger and, grinding it in water, feed the young fish. Food in the aquarium should be present constantly. When feeding with live food (ciliates), water does not change, and when feeding with dry food, 80% of water is replaced daily in order to avoid contamination and mortality of the young. To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, you can place snails ampoule or coils.
In the future, young cockerels are gradually (3-4 days) transferred to larger feeds, starting with Artemia nauplii, etc. After about two weeks, you can begin to try to give "adult" feed.
Many beautiful photos of cockerel fish
Interesting video spawning fish cockerelThe first video is especially recommended - Nerst of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting !!!
Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air.
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. The control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it is appropriate to have shelters of stones, snags, grottoes, etc. The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
How breed aquarium cockerels?
Siamese fighting fish cockerels breed at home, if you create all the necessary conditions for this. During one spawning, the female lays 500-600 eggs, and if most of them hatch, turning into a full-fledged fish, you will need a lot of space and time to look after them. You must realize in advance that this is a big responsibility, not a hobby.
Set a goal: do you breed roosters in order to prolong your life, or do you want to gain experience in breeding? Maybe you are planning to participate in exhibitions, to sell young animals to pet stores? In any case, it will take a lot of time, as well as financial expenses. You will need to establish a spawning aquarium with a stable biological environment, find two or more producers, and a temporary "dwelling" for fry.
The first steps to spawn fish
If aquarium cockerels live in a common tank with a partition - this is a big advantage. Fish probably already accustomed to each other, and not averse to producing offspring. Males perfectly spawn at a young age. If you do not have a pair of cockerels, buy a pair from your experienced razvodchika, but do not run the fish immediately. We need quarantine, time for the fish to get used to the new environment - it will take several months. The male and female cockerel should be the same size. If the pair does not converge, you will have to abandon the venture, or buy another copy.
Look at the breeding of Siamese fighting fish.
Male males are ready to spawn at the age of one year. If the aquarium conditions are favorable for their health, the fish will “wake up” and will want to spawn. It is necessary that the female and the male are accustomed to each other, then they can create a pair. Breeding should be scheduled for a period of time when you have plenty of free time to look after your pets. You can choose a summer vacation, when nothing will limit you.
Reproduction will not occur unless a spawning tank is installed. Spawning can be a volume of 40-50 liters, and have a partition for 2 places: male and female. In the tank there should be aquarium shelters, floating plants, a sponge filter with a flow rate regulator, equipment for heating water (set to 27 ° C). At the bottom of the spawning ground for labyrinth fish, it is impossible to spread the substrate in the form of gravel or stones - sensitive eggs will get lost in it and will be damaged. Fill spawning water to a level of 12-15 cm, and put it in a quiet place.
Two weeks before the start of breeding aquarium fish should eat live food. For this, bloodworms and artemia, other types of worms, crickets, cockroaches and other insects in a chopped form will do. To prevent feed from entering the water, buy it from a trusted supplier, or serve food frozen.
It will be correct to prepare feed for fry in advance. Cockerel fish fry are very small and feed on live food. The process of growing will take 1-2 weeks. Ciliates, acetic acne, micro-worm, Artemia nauplii can serve as food. However, one should be careful with artemia - it should be added in small portions and only with other food, otherwise the fry will form a labyrinth organ.
If male and female cockerels have an interest in each other, they will be in an excited state, demonstrating their appearance. The male will straighten the fins and gill covers. The female will color in bright lights, stripes will appear on her abdomen. Cockerel aquarium fish can be aggressive to each other, occasionally plucking, attacking the partner even through the partition. If the aggression increases, put them into spawning later, or choose a friend.
Look at the spawning of cockerels.
In labyrinth fishes, the male viet nest from foam and fragments of aquatic plants. When you notice that the nest is ready, add a female to the male, and look at their behavior. The first reaction of the male: plucking the fins of the female, chasing her, intimidation. This is a normal reaction, but in order for the female not to be very afraid, she must have a shelter. The male can take care of his partner from 2-3 hours to several days, until she agrees to his invitation to visit the nest. Spawning occurs several hours: the male presses the female's body, helping her to release the eggs. Then he fertilizes them, picks them up and fixes them in the nest.
After spawning, the female can be removed from the spawn, otherwise the male will begin to show aggression towards her. The parent must remain in the spawning aquarium until the fry hatch. 3 days after breeding, they will hatch, and will be in a fixed state. The filter should still be turned off so that the fry are not affected by the flow of water. The light can be turned on day and night - LB lamp 0.4 watts.
In 2-4 days the fish fry will swim. Now the male can be transplanted into the general aquarium. As starting feed, the fry will be treated with infusoria. At 3-40 days of life they can submit a microhard. Artemia nauplii can be diluted at home. Portions of feed should be small.
Future aquarium cockerel fishes should live at a temperature of 27-28 ° C. In the tank, the lid should be slightly ajar so that the labyrinth organ is formed correctly in the fry. When the fry become adults, they must be transplanted into a spacious aquarium. If the fry die a lot, pay attention to the parameters of water, and the content of chemical impurities in it. When the fry are 2 weeks old, they need to replace 10% of the water every few days. Do not forget to clean up uneaten food. At night, the light can already be turned off.
How many live aquarium fish?
Many novice aquarists, the question arises: how many live aquarium fish. It should be understood that the life expectancy of any living creature depends on its type, proper care, comfortable living environment.
In an aquarium, the life span of a fish is influenced by the degree of its population. If the fish will be many, respectively, and their life expectancy will be reduced. In addition, do not forget that only compatible fish species can live together for a long time. Remember that aquarium fish are cold-blooded: their body temperature is directly dependent on the temperature of the water in which they live. The warmer the water, the faster the life of the fish is due to the accelerated metabolic processes in their bodies.
The life expectancy of fish depends on their size: the life of small fish is short - from 1 year to 5 years, medium-sized fish can live up to 10-12 years, and large fish live 15 years or longer.
A rare change of water in the aquarium, as well as overfeeding leads to a decrease in the life expectancy of the fish. Moreover, overfeeding has a much worse effect on fish than underfeeding. The older they get, the more prone to stress and various diseases.
Life expectancy of some species of aquarium fish
Let's find out how many species of aquarium dwellers live: cockerel and guppy, swordtails and angelfish, telescopes, parrots, danios and others.
Experts disagree on how many years goldfish live. Some believe that these fish live for 3-4 years, others - that their life expectancy reaches 10-15 years. The longest lived goldfish in the UK, which died at the age of 43 years.
Aquarium fish telescope, as well as other goldfish, can live in the aquarium for about 15-17 years.
The zebrafish belongs to the carp and lives from 5 to 7 years.
Scalar, a species of Cichl, can live up to 10 years. In Germany, the long-lived angelfish lived 18 years. The parrot fish also belongs to the cichlor species, which, under appropriate conditions, can also live up to 10 years.
Sword-bearers and guppies are live-bearing carp fish and their life can last no more than 5 years.
Constantly fighting cockerel fish live in captivity for a short time - 3-4 years.
Labyrinth fish gourami can live in the aquarium for 4-5 years, glass catfish - up to 8 years, and piranha, referring to the characteristic haratsinovyh, lives in captivity up to 10 years.
Remember that the lifespan of your aquarium pets depends largely on your careful and caring attitude and proper care.
How many years will the scalar live?
Scalaria is a popular aquarium fish, a representative of the Cichlidae family (Cichlids). The natural habitat is the freshwater bodies of South America (the Amazon and its tributaries). There, the water is saturated with a large amount of dissolved oxygen, which allows it to adapt to different conditions of life. She has a hardy body, body shape and diet allowed to adapt to captivity, transferring some changes in water parameters. Aquarists containing these fish often have the question: "How many scalar live?".
Like a fish belonging to the Tsikhlid family, its lifespan at home can be more than ten years. Under proper conditions of maintenance: proper feeding, clean water, a spacious aquarium, attentive care, the life span of this beautiful pet can be significantly extended. Instances of long-livers among scalar also met.
How much time can live in captivity?
The Amazon River has a slightly acidic pH and a mild level of hardness. Perhaps the most unusual hydrobionts live there, distinguished by their unique appearance and special structure of the organism. In the warm tropical waters of the scalar can live 20-25 years. However, in an aquarium where space is limited and the diet is not so diverse, their lifespan is halved. The built environment, which is completely dependent on the person, does not always provide the fish with a balanced environment.
With proper care, regular cleaning of the reservoir, aeration, scalar live 10 years or more. If she is provided with constant care, without ignoring all the content requirements, she will live an order of magnitude longer, even 20 years. It seems that 10 years is not a long time for joy, I would like more. But this figure is considered to be solid for not very big aquarium fish.
Watch a video on how best to care for scalars.
What to do to extend the life of the fish
The life expectancy of an angelfish in an aquarium can be 15-25 years, if you follow a number of requirements. First, be sure to launch these fish into a spacious tank of at least 100 liters per pair (female and male). Secondly, install the compressor and the aerator, the fish saturated with oxygen will only be delighted. The compressor must be turned on for 20-30 minutes twice a day.
As for the general cleaning in the aquarium, it does not need to be carried out too often. If you remove the remnants of food and rotted plants in time, the water can be changed less often, some people manage to keep the water in crystal purity for more than six months. Otherwise, water replacement should occur at least 3 times a month. Be sure to clean the soil, wash the walls of the tank and the filter from the accumulated dirt, green algae. Watch the water temperature - the new water should correspond to all the parameters of the “old” one.
Do not forget that the angelfish will live more years if the feed in the aquarium is not worse than they are fed in the wild. In the wild, they are omnivorous: they feed on insect larvae and insects, zooplankton, and plants. Therefore, they can be fed all appropriately feed: artificial for cichlids, dry, frozen and live. You can not give bloodworms and tubers, because they do not live in weakly acidic water. You can see how the fish form brownish blisters at the anus - these are the negative effects of feeding the bloodworm and the strawman.
What decorative angelfish eat: micro-worm, artemia, earthworms, snails, koretra, daphnia, cyclop, lettuce and spinach. It is not recommended to give meat to warm-blooded animals that are saturated with fats. Feed pelleted with spirulina can be additional feeding. You need to feed such portions so that the fish ate the food in 2-5 minutes. Overfeeding is also harmful and shortens the life of fish, food debris can oxidize water, spoiling its quality.
See how to care for scalars to prolong their lives.
Because of the violation of metabolic processes, improper conditions of detention, untimely hygiene, fish can get sick, having lived in an aquarium for few years. With poor aeration, the fish have difficulty breathing, hold on to the surface of the water, gasping for air. The eyes become pale, the gills from the inside become covered with necrotic plaques. In this case, you can gradually increase the aeration by adjusting the temperature of the water and the supply of oxygen.
If it seemed to you that the angelfish in the aquarium is sluggish, swims slowly, the anus is inflamed on the body, this is a disturbing signal. Hexamitosis is a parasitic disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Late intervention with the use of drugs can lead to infection of other fish or death. It is possible to treat with erythrocycline baths with trichopol (50 grams and 10 grams, respectively, in proportions to one liter of water).
A scalar can form a fin rot, which is a consequence of infection with a rod-shaped bacterium. This is the result of heavily polluted water if it is rarely changed. On the body of a scalar appear white turbidity, also the eye corneas turn pale. Later the rays of the fins begin to exfoliate and fall off, ulcers form. The consequences of such a disease can be lethal - a fish will live for few years if it is infected from time to time. Treatment of fin rot: take malachite green, hydrochloride and bacillin-5 (in proportions of 0.1 mg, 100 mg, 4000 units per liter of water, respectively). The solution is added to a water tank. Be sure to process the decorations of the aquarium, plant plants bacillin.
Ringworm - a disease of fungal origin, which reduces the number of years of fish life. Late treatment will be fatal. Symptoms: white bloom on the body. Later, the fungus can spread to the internal organs. For treatment it is necessary to use streptotsid, bacillin-5, copper sulfate, potassium permanganate (in the proportions of 1 gram, 4000 units, 0.5 gram, 0.05 gram, respectively). Timely prevention of diseases, quarantine and quality treatment prolong the life of pets.
How many years live cockerels (fish).
The lifespan of any aquarium fish varies depending on the type of fish, appropriate care and starts one year and ends with several decades. Many aquarists are interested in how many cockerel fish live. The cockerel is a fighting fish and the males of such fish must be kept separately, because they can get hurt or even kill each other.
Males do not live long. With proper and good care, they can live only two or three years. Since the roosters reach puberty rather quickly, this opens up great opportunities for breeders. In order for the fish to live longer, it is necessary to carry out a systematic cleaning and at the same time replace the water in the required allowable amounts. If the aquarium is overpopulated with different types of fish, the life span of the males is drastically reduced.
Overfeeding shortens the life span of males. With fishes towards old age, the maximum color is obtained, and they are increasingly beginning to undergo diseases and stresses. Therefore, handle them with care. Rare water changes, unfavorable housing conditions and neighbors who do not fit at all - all this can shorten the life of the males. Therefore, the requirements of the content of a particular type of fish, be careful.
The volume for one cock - 3 - 5 liters is enough, respectively, for 3 you need 10-15 liters.
But in any case, the male must be kept separate, even from the females, the cockerels are fighting fish and they even fight to the death ...
On average, cockerels live 2 years.
relatively long. 3 years. here look //sohoney.ru/rybka-petushok.html. It is quite difficult to grovel these fish. they are very tenacious. that's just not worth it to plant in the aquarium two males. will fight constantly. and before death