Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air.
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. The control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it is appropriate to have shelters of stones, snags, grottoes, etc. The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male it is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
How to care for cockerel fish
The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat - freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in paddy fields. For the first time the fish was noticed by the inhabitants of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The "stranger" was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country. Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the "fish" battles: the males fiercely demonstrated their strength, but no fatalities occurred.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type. The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second - incubate the eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.
Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes. The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium. They can be kept in "Spartan" conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism. If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
What you need to know about the content?
Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity. Like all fish, cramped - only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Between them there are often disputes that already speak - even between the female cockerels there were fights. The result - bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males - choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided. Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish - some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins. Good aquarium neighbors - danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins. The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh. Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush? Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.
In the cockerel fish, sexual dimorphism is noticeable: females are smaller in size, not so bright in color, they have short fins. Males are larger, with lush and long fins. During spawning, the umbilical cord resembling a white dot can be seen in females. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 4 months, they can breed in another 2-4 months. Care of manufacturers implies a separate spawning. If the female has not reproduced for a long time, her calf turns into a cyst, which can lead to death. Males that have already multiplied have fins longer. Males live up to 3 years old, it is better not to plant old fish for spawning.
See how the spawning of cockerels.
The spawning volume is allowed 10-20 liters, with a height of water of 15 cm. Soil is optional, and floating plants are needed. The male will provide care for the fry by building a nest of bubbles and fragments of vegetation. In the tank should be shelter for the female. The manufacturer makes a nest, and invites a female, or several females, if you have more of them.
Stimulates reproduction increased water temperature - up to 28-30 degrees Celsius. Updating the water also gives spawning signal. 2 weeks before the process, the fish are fed with live food (moth, daphnia). Aeration in spawning is not needed - it will destroy the nest, and with it, the eggs and larvae. First, a male is launched into the tank, and a female in a day.
Fish will spawn in a few days, if breeding does not occur in a few weeks, it is better to change the female. With extreme aggression of the male, change it to another. In the process of spawning, the male takes care of the female, helps her squeeze out her calf, pressing the body. He immediately fertilizes the released eggs, grabs them with his mouth and takes them to the nest. Когда нерест закончился, самку можно переселить в общий аквариум, чтобы она не пострадала от самца.
Личинки проклюнутся через 2-4 дня, в зависимости от того, как будет повышаться температура воды в аквариуме. В это время родитель обеспечивает кладке уход, подбирает выпавшие из гнезда икринки. When the fry hatch, he will still be with them. After 4 days, the fry will swim independently; then the male can be removed. During one spawning 200-400 eggs can emerge, but 1/3 of them survive.
In the first days of their life they are fed live dust, ciliates, egg yolk from hard boiled eggs. After a week, they can be given Artemia larvae, shredded strawberry or special food for fry. In order to properly develop the labyrinth organ, it is possible to turn on weak aeration in their nursery and lower the water level. The labyrinth organ will be formed in a few months, but all this time, from incubation to the age of the young, the fry need to be constantly looked after.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
The cock aquarium fish (otherwise it is called the Siamese cockerel or the fighting fish) is a representative of the most beautiful aquarium inhabitants. Male and female are easy to distinguish: as a rule, males are painted more intensely and brightly. Aquarists do not cease to admire the fish, their appearance, cool temper, care for the offspring. How many live cockerel fish? Their life expectancy is from 1 to 3 years. Of course, an important role is played by feeding, housing conditions, compatibility with other fish. This is proposed to talk. We will also affect the breeding of cockerels.
Conditions of detention
So, in more detail about how to create the most favorable conditions for the maintenance of the lives of males, or how to care for them:
- the water temperature should be maintained at a level of 24-28 degrees, however if it drops to 18 degrees, the fish will still be able to survive and even develop;
- the acidity of the water should not be more than 7.5;
- water hardness should not exceed 15 degrees.
If we talk about the enrichment of water with oxygen, then the fish has gill breathing and a special respiratory organ, which is called a labyrinth. Thanks to the maze, aquarium cockerels can swallow water with atmospheric air on the surface. For this reason, they are not too sensitive to fluctuations in oxygen concentration or lack thereof.
If we talk about other conditions of life, then the size of the aquarium is determined as follows: there should be at least 4 liters of water for one cock. How much is necessary in your case, it is not difficult to determine by this rule.
In general, special care for cockerels is not required, but for the full development it is worth adhering to these simple recommendations.
Back to content
What can not perform actions:
- direct sunlight should not fall on the aquarium;
- Do not allow excessively sudden changes in temperature and drafts when cleaning water;
- do not use natural shells, corals, shells as decorations, do not decorate the aquarium with other objects made of natural materials;
- do not put objects with sharp edges or, for example, with protrusions in the aquarium;
- cover the aquarium with the lid, as the fish themselves, and even the young Siamese males can jump out of the tank;
- Do not fill the aquarium with bottled water, it is not recommended to be used for maintenance.
Back to content
How to feed, what feed to choose? Frozen fish food and live food will do as well. In general, to choose food for wayward cockerels is not difficult. But experts recommend to feed them in a variety of ways: it is not necessary that dry feeding be the basis.
How much feed should I give? Not too much. It is recommended to conduct a simple experiment: if the remaining feed has settled to the bottom, then you have not chosen the optimal amount, you need to reduce the amount of feed, and remove the remains with a net. Feed must be eaten within 5-10 minutes. It is imperative to feed the rooster balanced, not overfeeding.
How often to feed? It is enough to do it once or twice a day.
Aquarists suggest using earthworms as food if there is no live.
Back to content
Probably, many have heard that cockerels live beautifully alone. The reason is that the fish has a peculiar behavior: it is often aggressively tuned to any neighborhood, and even to relatives. Some sources indicate that males and females live normally only in an aquarium with a volume of 40 liters or more; with other fish live peacefully, if they are contained in a container of more than 15 liters.
In many ways, behavior is a decisive factor, and lovers give the cock a desired solitude. In this case, his behavior does not harm anyone. You can even have a cockerel kept alone in a small aquarium. How much should the volume of the aquarium? For one cock, we recall, the suitable capacity of 4-5 liters.
If the cockerel is contained in a mini-aquarium, then taking care of him is even easier:
- the air supply is not needed, the fish will breathe atmospheric air as much as it needs, taking it from the surface;
- no light is needed either, cockerels live well without him;
- Do not be afraid of the appearance of foam, because it is a sure sign that the cockerel has settled down and even began to build a nest;
- Want to see the fry, without changing the aquarium, pick up a larger container for breeding.
Back to content
Breeding cockerels - not an easy task, but quite doable. You need to know a few rules to see rooster fry.
Aquarium cockerels reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 months. During this period, reproduction becomes possible. In order to get healthy offspring, both the female and the male should not have diseases. Therefore, if the condition of the fish is in doubt, do not select it for placement in a separate aquarium.
Tip: Breeding will be successful, and the offspring will be more viable if before spawning to actively include moth females in the diet. How does this affect the breeding of cockerels? The fact is that the crank contains nutrients, thanks to which the eggs soften. And soft eggs will more easily go out of the abdomen. But do not overdo it, if you give moth large portions, then the water becomes cloudy at times faster.
For spawning aquarium cockerels need to be transplanted into another aquarium, and its capacity should be not less than 7 liters.
Advice: It is important that the female has the opportunity to hide from the male in the new aquarium: for this, plants (Javanese moss, Anubiasas) are placed in the tank, grottoes are made. This is done to ensure that the male, who at this time becomes overly aggressive, does not attack the female continuer of the genus. To prevent possible clashes, you can first introduce the male and female. How to do it? Place the fish in transparent containers that should be located opposite each other. Fishes will see each other, and hostility will evaporate. Breeding will be better.
Male males are not only aggressive, but also active: reproduction, as a rule, is taken under control. They collect small algae in order to build a nest, collect eggs during the spawn, hide them in the nest. Moreover, after the breeding is over, the spawn has passed, the male even drives off the female and protects the eggs, carefully and attentively. The male protects each fry, if the little cock swims away from the nest, the father will certainly return the fry back.
It is precisely because of such activity of the male cockerel immediately after spawning, when the breeding is over, that the female should be removed. If you do not, then the war can not be avoided. But the male rooster can not always protect the fry. How much should you keep it with the fry? After that, when all the little cockerels hatch, the male is sent to a common aquarium.
Tip: If everything is done according to the rules, and breeding does not occur, then spawning can be stimulated: change the water, it is not essential to increase the water temperature by 3 degrees.
In general, follow the rules, and breeding will be possible even at home!
Back to content
Compatibility of roosters with other fish
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish. The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
Back to content
To the fish did not hurt
Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins. But this is not a sign of a disease, but a recent skirmish. There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.
If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.
Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.
Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains - to put everything into practice. The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it. In general, good luck!
Back to content
Rooster aquarium fish - maintenance, care and compatibility with other fish
The cockerel fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters. If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die. Fighting cockerels are extremely popular in their homeland.
The cockerel fish is descended from Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. There, these aquatic inhabitants live in small warm waters. Therefore, the optimum water temperature for this type is 22-26 degrees. There is little oxygen in the silted, stagnant waters of Southeast Asia. Therefore, your aquarium does not need an aerator for oxygenation.
At home, no one is particularly interested in the color of the cockerel fish. Their content boils down to preparing for battles. This is done by special trainers. A lot of spectators come to watch the fights. However, most often the death of the fish is not allowed, rather dangling fins.
The cockerel fish has an oval body, elongated in length, slightly compressed on the sides. Its length is up to 5 cm in males and smaller, up to 4 cm, in females. Beauty and brightness, "fabulous" color is not equal to them. At any turn, red, yellow, orange, pink, green colors sparkle and play, taking all sorts of shades. Especially bright color in males when clashing with each other.
During spawning, the cockerel fish also "fills" with paint. The females are a little paler than their gentlemen, the fins of the ladies are short and not so luxurious. However, breeders are working in this direction. Not long ago, females appeared in which the fins have a more elongated shape, and the color of the body is not inferior to the males.
The cockerel fish has dark stripes across or along its body. The upper fin and tail of this species have a rounded shape, the lower fin, starting from the head, comes to the tail. Pectoral fins of cockerels have a pointed shape. It is interesting to observe the fish that are excited - the gills of the males swell, forming a bulging “collar” around the head.
The differences in the sexes of these fish are obvious. The cockerel "boy" is more slender, it is brighter colored, its fins are much longer. The females are usually smaller, their fins are shorter. The main difference between the "hen" and the cockerel will be the presence of a female with a small white speck near the anus, the "grains". This formation is a bit like an emerging "egg". It becomes well noticeable already from three months of age.
What else do you need to know after the cockerel fish appeared in your house? Their content is not such a difficult task.
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to have a rooster fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium. Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar. But two males in one "pond" do not get along. True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments. Many do this also because, seeing the opponent, the males begin to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to frighten and intimidate their counterpart. Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
The cockerel fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time as other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins. Otherwise, the "fighters" will certainly cut them off. It is better to settle to the cockerels of larger fish with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical cockerels, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees. Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation. Fish need air. Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter. It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours. It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water. The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar. Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
Labyrinth organ - a distinctive feature of cockerel fish. This is not a simple addition to the gills - these babies breathe atmospheric air. Make sure that the surface of the water does not overgrow. Sometimes a bacterial film appears on it, it is easily removed if you attach a sheet of paper to the water, and then simply remove it carefully.
Males can jump out hard. So that they do not harm themselves, install a special cover with holes or a grid.
For fish need soft water. Do not use distillate for the aquarium, as it contains not only harmful, but also useful substances. In specialized stores sell special products to soften and purify water. Temperature should be monitored. To reduce aggressiveness and stress a little, add a little therapeutic salt (half a teaspoon per four liters). Large aquariums need to be replaced every two weeks. In the interim, it is necessary to change it partially. Small aquariums need to be cleaned and replaced twice a week. Be sure to remove the remaining feed from the bottom - the products of its decomposition will poison the water.
What to feed the fish cock? These aquatic inhabitants are picky. They can eat both dry food and live food. Most cockerels love bloodworms. You can give chimney, cyclops, Daphnia. Earthworms will do. So that the fish do not overeat, remove the uneaten remnants 15 minutes after the start of feeding. Food should be given once or twice a day.
If you see that pets overeat, arrange for them one fasting day a week.
Cockerel fish: compatibility
As mentioned earlier, male cockerels can not be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals. The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Do you have a cockerel for the first time at your home? "With whom does this species get on?" - This question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, cockerels behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors. Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share a rooster with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack. It is unlikely that the cock will bring the opponent to death, but he can bite or tear off the tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Бойцовские рыбки могут питаться мелкими экземплярами (для этого их обычно и подсаживают). У более крупных особей петушки могут обкусывать усики. Следует помнить об этом тем, кто планирует украсить свой аквариум большими улитками.
Подходящие соседи для бойцовских рыбок
What kind of fish do cockerels get along with? These can be neon iris, sword-bearers, patcilia, ancytrus, brocade catfish, tarakatum, boats, nagging gourays, akantoftalmusy, pulphrypinnis, speckled catfish, gastromysones and some other species. It is advisable before the acquisition of fish to consult with the seller-consultant.
Unwanted neighbors for cockerels
Akaras, piranhas, tilapias, black-striped cichlomas, ctenopomes, tetraodons, parrots, kupanusy, astronotus - it is impossible to settle with these types of cockerel fish. Fighters can attack and tear off fins to such neighbors as neons, danios, guppies, cardinals, barbs, as well as gouram spots, pearl and marble.
Breeding fish cockerels
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm. Shelters are made of aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. The cockerel (female) fish will be able to hide here from the male, which is very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed. In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration - it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. It is possible to stimulate spawning with a large water change. It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish "acquaint" with each other. To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a "dwelling", the male cock lets out small air bubbles, then gluing them together with his saliva. About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him. After the start of spawning, the male cockerel collects eggs from his mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium. The male breeds the offspring - he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back. After the larvae hatched, the cockerel does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of males is placed together in an aquarium. It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week. After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions. In a spawning aquarium, the rooster is usually fed with bloodworms. Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In males fry, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration. You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria - “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure. When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry. You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the "elderly" age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
Bright and eccentric cockerels are able to decorate any home or office. Caring for them is easy. In exchange, they will give many pleasant moments to their owner.
How many years will live cock in the aquarium?
The betta siamese betta splendens are very popular pets that live in an aquarium. For the first time having settled this fish, many people have a question: "How many cockerel fish live?" The average life expectancy is 2-4 years with proper care. If you have created proper conditions for your pet, then at home he will live as long as possible. To achieve this result, you must follow the rules for the purchase and maintenance of fish.
How to choose a healthy cock in the store?
Your cockerel will live longer if initially purchased from a good seller. When you notice that the fish lives in quality conditions, moves well, eats, it has a beautiful appearance - it means that you can settle at home. First of all, pay attention to the activity of the fish in the aquarium, the state of the scales and fins, its general physical condition.
Buy a young fish. The sooner she gets used to your tank, the more comfortable she will be there. The youngsters adapt more quickly to new conditions of life. In young males, the fins are shorter than in the mature ones, and in the young the body size is several centimeters smaller.
Look at the young male Blue / Red Dragon Halfmoon Betta.
Estimate the volume and condition of the water in which the not yet purchased fish lives. If you notice a cloud, dirt, substrate of unknown origin, wait a little with the purchase. Water should be clean, clear, slightly yellowish shade is allowed.
Look at the other fish that live in the same tank with the fish you like. Is it a little tight day? How do they move, feed, their external condition? The Siamese cockerels are fighters, and a long settlement in a species aquarium will destroy them all. If each fish lives separately, in good conditions - this is a big plus.
Do not buy two Betta splendens at once. If you lodge newcomers in a common tank, they quickly harm each other. Buy one pet, put him in a 2-week quarantine, look at his condition. When he gets used to the new environment, you can populate it in a pre-prepared aquarium. After a few months, you can add neighbors to it, but given the nature of the character, this is a big risk.
How to help the fish live longer?
- Set up the aquarium correctly, wait until it is established biological balance. Let it be a rectangular tank with a volume of 50-100 liters. Small, round containers will not allow the fish to move, it will be uncomfortable and boring. In the spacious reservoir there is an opportunity to create an amazing aquascape that resembles a natural biotope. Use a good filter to quickly deal with biological stress.
- Let plants and algae be in your tank. In the most convenient for cockerels tanks there is a lot of vegetation, they are provided to ensure that there is enough oxygen in the water, and it remains clean. Buy plants from trusted vendors so that they are healthy and treated for parasites.
- Maintain the temperature in the aquarium. Adjust it with a water thermometer. The cockerel is a tropical fish, which is used to warm water: the temperature is 26-29 ° C. Use 50W heaters.
See how to keep a cockerel fish.
- The life of the fish will extend the correct, balanced feeding. In the aquarium, the fish will only eat what they give it, so choose several types of feed. Live, frozen, dry, artificial - the cockerel is omnivorous. However, do not overfeed, try to give suitable, proven feed. Clean uneaten food residues in time.
- Be attentive to your pet - watch him, play with him. Teach him new tricks to help him interact with you.
- Do not try to provoke the fish to aggression. Sometimes you can put a mirror in the aquarium, but for a short time. Betta's cockerel is a real fighter, so he should not be in constant rage. Do not put decorations or stones on the bottom of the tank that could damage the quality of the water. Dyes, water softeners are not always appropriate.
- Make timely water changes and clean your aquarium. There is a perception that cockerels are very hardy fish, but this is not entirely true. Dirty water provokes illness, and even the death of a pet. Sharp changes in water parameters are also destructive for a living being.
- Let the fish spawn. Let the roosters not have good parents, but the lack of reproduction adversely affects their health. In the female, the calf lag forms cysts with which it is difficult for her to live. Males become more lethargic and live less.
- Make sure the lid in the aquarium is slightly open. Like labyrinth fish, cockerels must breathe more and atmospheric air. Ensure that the air and water temperatures match.
Who do the cockerel fish get on in the general aquarium
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they have been nicknamed "fighting fish." They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established - then all inhabitants will be comfortable. An important rule - it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight. On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male. Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable. If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary - this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by "competitors", which for them are external stimuli.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the "no" territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar. But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Description of compatibility with certain types of fish
Males and guppies - it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature. The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta - compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami - all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami - curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around. Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact - slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly - viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors - as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proved, cockerels rarely disturb corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
What kind of care do you need a cockerel (fish) ???
And this is without myths and the Internet.
1) Provide your pet with warm air OVER the surface of the aquarium. Cockerels are fish that can drown, their gills are underdeveloped, so they are forced like dolphins to emerge from time to time and swallow air. If the cockerel swallows cold air, then he is guaranteed a cold and inflammation of the labyrinth (he has no lungs). which guarantees death in 90% of cases. On this basis, the cap on the aquarium should be! Or in the room where there is an aquarium should be warm. Recommended temperature - 25 - 26 degrees.
2) Be sure to have floating plants! Riccia - the cockerel will build a nest from its fragments. Typically, the construction of nests is a favorite occupation of the male cock and indicator of his normal life. It is not necessary to drive the plants into a pile or do something else with them :) The cockerel will make his way perfectly for a portion of air. Males (and females) of cockerels are lazy creatures and love to rest lying down on a broad sheet of a plant.
If you keep a female with a male, plants are needed that will organize thickets. Male males can kill a female, so - shelter, shelter and shelter! Plants are definitely alive! Any fenoflyastikovaya muck does not bring anything good except the selection in the aquarium.
3) Habitat. One male can be kept in a small aquarium. He will survive in a liter of water. However, you know, between the word live and survive is a big difference. People live in prisons. In general, I recommend an aquarium NOT less than 5 liters per cock. Steamed 10 liters.
4) Cockerel - betta fish. Two cocks placed in a small obemv guaranteed arrange a fight, ending in the death of one of them. In a large aquarium, they may blur, but it is still better to contain a male and several chickens.
5) Feed - high-quality feed companies Sera and Tetra. All kinds of "Fish" and other gammarus with dried daphnia discarded. Feed diversely.If you feed dry food, be sure to diet food with a high plant component and several types of feed. It is problematic to buy live food sometimes and in general it is possible to get along without it - it is perfectly possible to feed it with frozen food - bloodworm, cyclop, koretra. The straw pipe is not necessary, cockerels grow fat very quickly from it. You can make food and on their own recipe.
6) Aeration and filtration. Yes, the cock does not need aeration, but this does not mean that it is not needed for an aquarium. It is very desirable to have in the aquarium with a cockerel the simplest filter and the water will be cleaner, and there will be no stagnant zones in the aquarium, there will be no oily film on the water. In general, anything does not hurt. Although too strong is not needed, the nest can collapse. By the way, for the first 10 days the rookie fry is obligatory; the labyrinth has not yet grown.
7) Fun :) If you keep a male cockerel alone, sometimes show yourself to yourself in a mirror. You will not regret. But, just do it not often.
The main requirement for keeping cockerel fish is free access to the surface of the water. This means that all plants floating on the surface of the water must somehow be strengthened on one side of the aquarium. For example, to drive into a corner all Richia, duckweed, or a pistol and partition off with a stick-strut. However, completely remove the floating plants is not recommended, moreover - they are desirable.
Cockerels do not need aeration, which greatly simplifies the care of an aquarium, and the aesthetic side also has a place to be.
Males are quite thermophilic, recommended temperature: + 25-28 degrees Celsius. But they feel good even at lower temperatures and calmly endure a decrease to +18, although experimenting is not worth it.
Despite the physical pollution of natural water bodies, its chemical composition is inverse to the logical one - the water should be of medium hardness and even soft. Regarding acidity, it is difficult to say anything, so it is logical to maintain a neutral mode (6.5-7.5 pH).
Now it is necessary to say about the size of the aquarium. In general, cockerels in this regard are similar to guppies - they feel great even in a liter jar. By the way, experienced breeders keep them in the same way - in banks floating in an aquarium to reduce daily temperature drops.
The cock has a second name - the fighting fish. Males, especially "saddled" veterans, love to arrange real slaughter, often with a fatal outcome!
Live food is mandatory for cockerel fish at least twice a week. This is an immutable rule, especially if two or more males live in your tank. Of live food, a pipe worker and a bloodworm are always available.
Dry food - daphnia, gammarus, bloodworm (the latter is rarely found on the shelves). Not badly proved flakes of domestic production. Try not to overfeed the fish (especially Gammarus).
My cock lives in a jug aquaphor)
in 1 liter of water))) with 5 small snails. and without compressor. I add water once a week, because the water evaporates) stands on the desk of the computer) without light and heat) lives half a year like this)
I keep my peter in 5 litrovka, I feed daphnia on the tip of a knife a little more than 1 time a day. As a daphnia I go to fetch a mottole to a fishing store and 3 pieces 2 roses a day and then daphnia between perehodyatomm do a fasting day without food