Gold fish

Goldfish Aquarium Content

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Goldfish: content at home

Goldfish, which marked the beginning of aquarism as such, are now, unfortunately, out of fashion. Professionals consider it uninteresting and not worthy of attention, and only a few connoisseurs and experts of this type remain. Therefore, the lot of most cinchons is kindergarten or hospital aquariums with plastic plants or a short life in a beautiful glass given to a person for the holiday, far from fish problems. Let us treat this beauty with the respect and interest that she deserves, and see what is necessary for her for a long and happy life near us.

How demanding are goldfish to conditions?

Opinions on this score are opposite. Some believe that this is a patient, practically unkillable, fish that survives in any conditions, suitable for beginners and people who do not want to invest in the aquarium a lot of effort and money. Others, on the contrary, argue that the content of gold must comply with a number of fairly tough conditions, and they are no doubt right. A goldfish should not be started by someone who is not ready to make efforts for its comfortable existence. And the most important condition for the maintenance of these fish is an aquarium of a sufficiently large volume.

Volume and shape of the aquarium

In Soviet literature of the last century in aquariums it is indicated that one goldfish should have 1.5-2 dm3 of water surface, or 7-15 liters of aquarium volume (15 liters per fish is considered to be a small landing density). This data migrated and in some modern tutorials. However, it should be noted that Soviet books were written about goldfish of domestic breeding, which for many generations lived in aquariums, and as a result of breeding were adapted to such conditions. At the present time, the vast majority of goldfish comes to us from China, Malaysia and Singapore, where they are massively bred in ponds. Accordingly, they are not adapted to life in small volumes of water, and even to a sufficiently spacious aquarium they need to be adapted, and a volume of 15-20 liters means death for them within a few days.

Experts who today work with goldfish brought from Asia have empirically established:

The minimum volume of an aquarium for one individual should be about 80 liters; in a smaller volume, an adult fish will simply have nowhere to move. For a couple - 100 l.

In large aquariums (200-250 l), with good filtration and aeration, the density of planting can be slightly increased, so that the volume of water is 35-40 liters per individual. And this is the limit!

Here, opponents of half-empty aquariums usually object that in zoos, for example, goldfish are very densely packed in aquariums and at the same time they feel great. Yes, indeed, this is the specificity of the exhibition aquariums. However, one should keep in mind that behind the frame there are several powerful filters with which this monster is equipped, the most severe schedule of water changes (up to half the volume daily or twice a day), as well as the regular ichthyopathologist veterinarian for whom there is always work.

Regarding the shape of the aquarium, the classical rectangular or with a slight curvature of the front glass is preferred, the length should be approximately twice the height. In the old Soviet literature it was stated that water should not be poured above the level of 30-35 cm, but as practice shows, this is not critical. Goldfish live well in higher aquariums, if they have the appropriate width and length (tall and narrow aquariums - screens and cylinders - are not suitable for keeping gold).


What types of fish are compatible gold?

The answer to this question is unequivocal - the best option would be a specific aquarium where only goldfish live. Moreover, even short-bodied and long-bodied gold lodging is often not recommended together, but representatives of other species of fish are out of the question. Either the neighbors will harass the scones, damaging their eyes and fins, or the neighbors themselves will be uncomfortable, as the aquarium with goldfish is a very peculiar habitat. In addition, small goldfish can simply swallow.

Water parameters, design and equipment of the aquarium

Goldfish comfortable with the following indicators of water:

  • temperature 20-23 °, for short-body forms slightly higher, 24-25 °;
  • pH of about 7;
  • stiffness not lower than 8 °.

The soil in the aquarium should be chosen so that the fish, digging into it, do not choke - its particles should be without sharp, protruding edges and either larger or much smaller than a fish mouth.

In the aquarium with goldfish must certainly be living plants. Consuming nitrogen, they have a positive effect on the ecological balance, are an additional substrate for bacteria performing biofiltration, and also serve as vitamin supplements for fish. Goldfish mercilessly dig in and gnaw plants, but this should not be the reason for refusing to populate the aquarium with lively greens.

Lemongrass, Anubias, cryptocoryne, Alterner, Bacopa, sagittaria, Javanese moss get along well with gold. It is recommended to plant the plants in pots so that the digging does not damage their roots. And as a top dressing, specifically give the fish a duckweed, Riccia, wolf, and a hornpole.

Mandatory good round-the-clock aeration. At a minimum, an aerator on the filter should be turned on; it is better to additionally have a compressor. If the aquarium has a high density of living plants, a powerful light and the supply of carbon dioxide is organized (in such conditions the leaves of the plants should be covered with bubbles of oxygen emitted by them), then the aerator is turned on only for the night.

In the design of the aquarium should not use large objects of decor - snags, grottoes, etc. Goldfish do not need shelter, but the fins of the valehvostoy, telescope eyes, growths about them are easy to injure, besides the shelters take up space for swimming.

Filtration and water changes

It is generally recognized that goldfish are a large biological load on an aquarium. Simply put, they are dirty, producing a huge amount of waste. Their habit of constantly rummaging in the ground, raising the dregs, also does not add cleanliness to the aquarium. In addition, goldfish excrement has a mucous consistency, and this mucus pollutes the soil and contributes to its rotting. Accordingly, in order to keep the water clean and transparent, a good round-the-clock filtration system is required.

The filter power should be at least 3-4 volumes of the aquarium per hour. The best option would be a canister external filter. If you can not buy it, and the volume of the aquarium does not exceed 100-120 liters, you can get by the internal filter - always with multiple sections and a compartment for ceramic filler.

Porous ceramics is a substrate for bacteria, which process poisonous ammonia released by fish into nitrites and then into much less toxic nitrates. In addition, the substrates for these bacteria, a stable amount of which is vital for the well-being of the aquarium, are soil and aquatic plants, especially small-leaved ones. Therefore, it is desirable to have a lot of plants, and the soil fraction should not be made too large.

In order for the colonies to not collapse when cleaning the aquarium, some rules must be observed: the filter sponges are washed in the aquarium water (the sponges are washed quite often, about once a week), the siphon of the soil is also weekly, done carefully, without mixing it layers, ceramic fillers for biofilters are always partially changed.

Even with high-quality filtration in an aquarium with goldfish, it is necessary to do weekly from a quarter to a third of the volume of the aquarium, and more often if the density of fish landing is violated. The fishes of this species tolerate fresh water well, so there is no need to defend it for more than a day.

Feed

Now that we have dealt with the main, most difficult and costly content of goldfish, we can talk about how and what to feed them.

They are usually fed twice a day, giving the amount of food that fish are able to eat within 3-5 minutes. Dry flakes and granules are recommended to alternate with vegetable food - spinach leaves, lettuce, boiled vegetables and cereals, fruits (orange, kiwi). Sometimes you can feed pieces of meat or liver, as well as frozen motils. It is necessary to take into account that the pellets of dry food should be soaked for 20-30 seconds in aquarium water, and thawed frozen food before giving them to fish. Very useful regular feeding live daphnia, which you can grow at home. In addition, as mentioned above, it is always better to have special food plants in an aquarium. Once a week, fasting days are arranged.

Diseases

Diseases of goldfish are a subject for a separate article, but here we briefly consider only signs that may indicate that the fish are sick or have severe discomfort:

  • loss of appetite;
  • lowered dorsal fin;
  • bulging scales, red or black spots that quickly appear, ulcers, rashes, mucous or cotton-like plaque;
  • distended abdomen and bulging eyes stronger than usual;
  • unnatural behavior: the fish stays in the corner of the aquarium for a long time, lies at the bottom, rolling over on its side, or swims near the surface, swallowing air from it;
  • rolling over while swimming.

It should be noted that with proper maintenance of health problems in goldfish are quite rare. If you initially create good conditions for these animals (a spacious aquarium with live plants and powerful filtration), then care of them will be available to the beginner or even to the child, and for many years they will delight their owner with bright appearance and funny behavior.

What are goldfish, you can learn from the video:

Gold Aquarium Fish

Despite the huge number of breeds of domestic fish, golden aquarium fish are considered to be their kings, to which the article is dedicated.

Legendary breed requires a special relationship to yourself - you need to know the features of feeding and care. Consider these questions, but first a little history ...

Goldfish: Start

This fish appeared more than fifteen centuries ago, in ancient China. The Chinese domesticated the goldfish and as a result, golden aquarium fish appeared. Very soon, these fish appeared in the garden ponds of Chinese nobility.
After some time, and the Koreans began to breed this fish.

Then the fish began its triumphal procession, or rather swimming, to the West. She reached Russia in the middle of the 18th century.

Some general information

The main colors of gold aquarium fish are:

  • pale pink and red;
  • white and yellow;
  • fiery red and dark bronze;
  • black and black and blue;

The body of the fish is slightly compressed from the sides and has an elongated shape. If you provide special conditions, the fish can grow up to 30-35 centimeters, although in domestic aquariums its size is much more modest.

Contain goldfish is not as easy as it seems at first glance. The capacity of the aquarium should be at least fifty liters. It should be noted that with an increase in the capacity of the aquarium, you can slightly condense the "demographics" - you can settle two fish in the metropolitan aquarium, if the volume of the aquarium is 150 liters, then 4 fish can live in it and so on.

But in this case there is an important nuance - it is necessary to organize an intensive filtration and change the water more often. It is best not to experiment - the fish are very gentle and will easily die if "overpopulation" occurs in the aquarium.

At the bottom of the aquarium need soil from coarse sand or pebbles. The aquarium should give the fish plenty of room to move and there should be plants with hard large leaves and a strong root system, such as elodea, sagittaria, vallyssneria, etc.

A good fact is that goldfish can live peacefully in the aquarium with other fish. The main thing that the neighbors were calm.

Natural lighting, good water filtration and aeration are the main conditions, without which it is impossible to ensure a quiet life for goldfish in an aquarium.

By the way, short-bodied fish, such as a telescope or a tailtail, need more water than long-bodied (comet, ordinary goldfish and shubunkin), with an equal body length.

Optimal conditions of detention

Let's take a closer look at how to keep your live "gold" in an aquarium.

Proper maintenance of goldfish in an aquarium begins with good soil. As mentioned above, suitable pebbles, coarse sand and a fraction of gravel, the size of 3-5 millimeters. True, the fish love to sort through the faction in the mouth, so there is a risk that the fish will choke. So the fraction should be very small or, on the contrary, very large. Do not forget to install a filter that provides cleaning the soil.

When the content of goldfish there is one major problem - the pollution of the aquarium. Not only do the fishes pretend to be mole-diggers, they also have to get rid of waste. As a result, the water is polluted and, in order to avoid a bad end, you need a quality internal filter.

It is advisable to install an external filter to ensure biofiltration. Although this condition is not mandatory, but the external filter will help save space in the aquarium for your fish, and it should be cleaned less often.

When buying a filter (both internal and external), pay attention to the performance - it should be at least three or four volumes of the aquarium per hour.

You also need a heater to keep the temperature within 22-25 C. However, with heating you should not be zealous, otherwise you will do your pet a disservice - in warm water the fish age very quickly.

For the safe keeping of goldfish, a compressor is needed, otherwise they will experience "oxygen starvation", because this species needs a lot of oxygen in the water.

And finally, the last important element - the UV sterilizer, which will destroy the parasites. We will talk about illnesses a bit later.

Finished with the technical equipment of the aquarium, move on to the plants. Fish will live well in an aquarium in which live plants grow. Plants are beneficial for at least three reasons:

  1. They improve the ecological situation in the aquatic environment.
  2. Help fight algae.
  3. They are an excellent "supplement" to the diet of your goldfish - dilute their diet and supply them with beneficial vitamins.

However, some fish owners are afraid that the bitten plants will spoil the picture in the aquarium, make it a kind of post-apocalyptic place. Such people may be advised to plant lemongrass, anubias, echinodorus or any other plant with hard leaves. A double effect will be achieved - and your pets are well, and the ecological situation does not cause concern.

Fish health

All the owners of aquariums are very concerned about the disease of goldfish, because such delicate creatures can easily die if you do not take appropriate measures.

To understand whether a fish is sick or not, you need to pay attention to its mobility, appetite, brightness of color and shine of scales.

The dorsal fin also tells about health problems - if the fish does not hold it vertically, then something is wrong. A plaque that has appeared on the body or formations that have suddenly arisen are a signal that the matter has already gone far.
When these signs appear, you must immediately isolate the sick fish from the rest. Sick fish should be placed in a large aquarium with salt water - the concentration is 20 grams of salt per liter of clean tap water. Water temperature should not exceed 18 With. Keep the fish in the aquarium for three days, while changing the solution every day.

Here is a list of common goldfish diseases:

  1. Scale clouding followed by scabies. It is necessary to immediately change all the water;
  2. If hyphae appear in the fish - white strings perpendicular to the body, then it has ringworm or simply a fungus. Immediately take action, otherwise the hyphae will sprout inside the body and the fish will fall to the bottom, but it will not float;
  3. Fishpox is called multi-colored tumors (white, pinkish, gray), occupying the skin and fins. Tumors are not a threat, but badly spoil the beauty of the fish and are not treatable;
  4. Dropsy with subsequent sepsis is a terrible threat to goldfish. The chance to save the fish is only at the initial stage of the disease, when the patient is “resettled” into running water and bathed in a solution of potassium permanganate every other day for a quarter of an hour;
  5. If you feed the fish with bad food, or feed them for a long time with dried daphnia, bloodworms and gammarus, their stomach will quickly become inflamed;

In addition to these diseases of goldfish, there are still many ailments, so it is best to consult a specialist in the issue of disease prevention.

Goldfish - Golden Palace!

Making an aquarium of pure gold, of course, is unprofitable, but you need to take care of the design. This fish and apartments are needed to match!

Однако дизайн аквариума должен быть тщательно продуман, иначе питомцам придется плохо. К примеру, роскошные подводные замки и гроты будут представлять опасность для них - они могу повредить свои глаза, плавники или травмироваться еще каким-то другим образом.

Если желание иметь оригинально оформленный аквариум не дает владельцу покоя, то лучшим решением будет консультация со знающими людьми. Можно дать лишь общий совет по поводу аквариума - он должен быть большим, не менее 100 литров. It is easier to care for a large aquarium, besides, several fish will calmly take root in it. A cheerful flock of goldfish decorates the aquarium much better than the most elegant design, invented by the master.

And the Lord said, "Be fruitful and multiply."

Consider the reproduction of goldfish.

If the owner can provide good conditions in the aquarium, the fish will reach sexual maturity by the second year of their lives.

When the spawning period is approaching, you need to help your pets. For this you need to give them more live food than they usually get.

In order for breeding to take place without a hitch, you need to prepare an aquarium of at least 70-80 liters. The necessary conditions:

  • water layer should be about 20-30 centimeters;
  • in the aquarium should be a lot of small-leaf plants;
  • water temperature should be kept in the range of 22 Co to 26 Co;
  • constant filtration and aeration of water;

Three fish - a female and two males participate in spawning, and the process lasts 5-6 hours. Then the males must be removed, otherwise they will not destroy the clutch. This is the difficulty of breeding goldfish.

Larvae will appear in three or four days, and in another two or three days they will become fry.

When breeding goldfish is very important that all participants are healthy.

Road Tips

Here are a few recommendations that will make caring for goldfish effective.

No need to overfeed the goldfish. This fish does not know the measures and can easily overeat, which will affect its health. Do not feed more than it eats in three minutes.

You need to regularly check the water for levels of nitrite, ammonium, pH and nitrates. Acceptable levels of pH and nitrates are considered to be 8 and 40, respectively. Ammonium and nitrite should not be present in water at all!

Accurately following the advice given in the article, you can achieve excellent results: a cheerful flock will revive the room, and cheer people up, and caring for goldfish will turn from routine duty into an interesting activity.

Goldfish: compatibility with other fish

Very often, beautiful decorative goldfish are the very first pet beginner aquarists. But before you start them at home, you should definitely consider the compatibility of these beauties with other typical inhabitants of aquariums.

Effect of species behavior on compatibility

As with all other representatives of aquatic fauna, the behavior and compatibility of all ornamental crucians are closely related. As for the goldfish in particular, the debate about its compatibility has been going on for a long time, but theorists and practitioners of aquarists cannot make a definite conclusion.

Decorative goldfish are large enough (20-25 cm in length) individuals for pets, and, therefore, an aquarium for their successful life needs a large, with a capacity of 50 liters per individual. For a couple - 80-100 liters.

It would seem that such a space contributes to the combination of several species, but for this there are several serious obstacles.

  • First of all, "zolotushki" somewhat slow. Smaller, nimble fish will no doubt take their food away from them.
  • And, on the contrary, in the vicinity of the same large sluggish species, decorative crucians will pounce on food, trying to eat every last crumb. Neighbors are unlikely to get something.

Another feature of the behavior is the habit of rummaging in the ground in search of food. This happens very often, entailing the rise of silt and turbidity of water. Not every "neighbor" will like it.

Omnivorous goldfish. At home, they eat live, dry or frozen food, as well as vegetable food. If the neighbors in the aquarium are small fish, then gradually they will be eaten by "scoops" who are constantly in search of food.

Decorative carp has a bright appearance: large dorsal and ventral fins, luxurious tail. Experienced aquarists confirm: veil-shaped fins are very often the object of attack by aggressive "neighbors", even if they are smaller in size.

Thus, the desire to run other ornamental fish to gold often encounters a number of unsolvable problems.

Compatibility of goldfish with cichlids

Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.

Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.

In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.

As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the "gold" exclusively as an additional dish for his lunch.

Compatible with labyrinth

Theoretically, such a neighborhood is possible. There may not be bloody battles with gourami or laliliusi, but these brisk fish simply will not allow the phlegmatic "little balls" to live in peace.

If we take into account the nature of the fish, then joint maintenance with calm Ktenopomes may be suitable. However, they lead a near-bottom lifestyle, and they clearly do not like the activity of bright decorative crucians, constantly digging up something at the bottom of the aquarium.

All these factors raise some doubts about the feasibility of such a neighborhood.

"Zolotushki" and haratsinovye

Unpretentious, peace-loving tetras and neons could get along peacefully with goldfish. In principle, this is what happens when golden fry are launched into the aquarium to these popular representatives of the family of the Haracin.

As a rule, peaceful coexistence ends when goldfish grow to their normal size and begin to consider small neons, rhodostomus or minors as an additive to the usual diet.

If the neighborhood is so necessary, then it is better to keep in the general aquarium larger tetras - congos or brilliant ones, which may well get along with bright decorative crucians.

Carp content

There is a positive experience of such content, but only with certain types of carp. The goldfish itself is a decorative species of the carp family, so the neighborhood is quite possible with almost all danios or small labo, for example. On the other hand, such distant relatives in the family, such as rasbora, "zolotushki" can easily eat.

But from the thoughts on the joint living of the popular Sumatran barbs and the "gold" it is better to give up immediately: the aggressive "Sumatrans" will constantly attack them, biting their fins.

Aquarium cohabitation is allowed with large koi carp. However, this handsome self-sufficient, he does not need any neighborhood.

Goldfish and ornamental catfish

Experts say that in this case we can expect quite decent compatibility. Small aquarium catfish (tarakatums or corridors) do not consider “gold” as rivals, they are too calm and slow for this.

An exception can only be ancistrus or catfish-sucker, which hunts at night. Having stuck to a goldfish, this catfish can fairly beat it.

Some experts argue that the proximity to catfish will even be useful for the aquarium biotope, as the "bulls" leave behind a lot of garbage, which can quickly decompose, and the catfish are, by nature, bottom cleaners.

Compatibility of goldfish species

From the point of view of behavior and calmness in a water hostel, in this case there will be no problems. Comets, voilehwosts, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and richens will live peacefully in a common company.

But here another problem arises: the state of the offspring. Individuals of different subspecies will begin to interbreed with each other and give hybrids. Thus, the breed will be spoiled, and the centuries-old efforts of Eastern breeders will go down the drain. If this process is not stopped, then a rather rapid transformation of goldfish back into ordinary carp will occur.

So, with whom it is better to combine elegant goldfish? There is only one answer, with which all experts agree: with no one. In a species aquarium, goldfish of the same breed will be calm, comfortable and safe.

Who do goldfish get along with in the aquarium

The compatibility of goldfish with other types of fish is one of the necessary conditions for their harmonious life in a home aquarium. From the correct compatibility depends on the health of the fish, behavior, life expectancy. Before determining with which species of fish the content of goldfish is possible, many observations were made that began in the Middle Ages. Since the goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is one of the oldest aquarium pets, compatibility has long been tested, which allows settling it with other fishes without experience.


What affects compatibility?

  1. Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
  2. This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
  3. "Cinderella" love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
  4. They are omnivorous - they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
  5. Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
  6. Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.

See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.

With whom is settlement possible?

Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point - the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C). Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives. Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention. Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.

As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in decorative ponds as an exhibition "exhibit". He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately. As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs, "zolotushki" races. The reason - these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.


Decorative catfish - small corridors and catfish - good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish. However, one has to be careful - catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception. The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.

All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish. However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood - crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed that has been bred for years. The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.

See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.

It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone - and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance - you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences. Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.

Who does not need to settle?

Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for "cinchies". Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat. They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur. But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras - diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.

Labyrinth fish - not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason - labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water. The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the Cinderella with the Ktenopome is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of the water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.

Cichlids - settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive. Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes. Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual. Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.

COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES



COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
WITH OTHER FISH SPECIES

Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.

I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor - silver carp.

Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place - all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT! Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in "bastards" or if you want mutants - outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into crucian.

Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water - PROHIBITED!

Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep the Veiltails in a small aquarium with others, whether they are the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space - standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.

In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, you can get a negative result. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.

Now let's look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.

Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.

Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish. Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.

Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.

Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.

So, I recommend not experimenting - this is wasted time and money!

Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternistus, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other characteristic fish.

Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. Одно, но!!! Когда Золотые рыбки вырастут, они могут полопать мелких тетр, поэтому к Золотухам лучше брать "крупных"харациновых рыбок, например, тернеций или конго.

Золотые рыбки и Лабиринтовые: все гурами, лялиусы, макраподы др.

Даже не знаю, что Вам сказать. С одной стороны они совместимы, а с другой стороны нет. Это обусловлено тем, что лабиринтовые, в частности гурами, очень непредсказуемые рыбки и каждая индивидуальная гурами имеет свой характер.

Так чтобы было понятно, приведу пример из своего опыта. Once upon a time, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”. But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.

At the same time, lyalius - these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.

In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.

Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.

In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.

Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish. Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.

Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.

It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs. Sumatrans easily bite Golden.

Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.

I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).

I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.

And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.

Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium. It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.

For more on this, see this article - FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?

Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.

Aquarium fish compatibility video

Oranda - goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Carassius gibelio forma auratus Goldfish Oranda

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 20-22 C.

Ph: 5,0- 8,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (ternii, speckled catfish, etc.), but it is better to keep in the species aquarium.

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the "Goldfish" nibbled and left a lot of "kakul". So, THIS IS NOT TRUE !!! He himself repeatedly turned on such fish and at the moment one of the aquariums is busy with them ... there is no dirt - I spend the easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be frightened sellers tales !!! Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of "kakulyami", bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmos kyuli), and other orderlies from the aquarium !!!

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation - do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.

There are numerous variations of the color of orange: calico, chocolate, red and red and white, black.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding - the key to success is the balance of the feed. Fish subject to intestinal diseases.

For the maintenance of orande need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish - barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 20-22 C, aquarium water hardness 6-18, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photo of Orande - goldfish

Popular video about the goldfish Oranda


Telescope fish - content breeding compatibility photo video.

Telescope fish - content

The content of these fish is very, very troublesome, because these fish are especially whimsical.

In particular, they are very fastidious about the content of oxygen in the water. An aquarium for such fish is best taken large in size - from forty liters to a couple of fish, and in the aquarium with these fish there should be no stones or decorations with sharp corners

. In general, all spicy foods are strictly forbidden because these fish can easily get hurt. The temperature should vary from twelve to thirty degrees from hardness to 20, pH from six and a half to eight.

Telescopes are peaceful fish, so they can very easily be kept next to other peaceful fish. But be careful, because any, even insignificant aggressive fish can very easily injure the eyes of telescopes.

GOLD FISH CARE CONTENTS BREEDING COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.

The best option for keeping telescopes is at a distance from all other fish and in a spacious aquarium in which water is very rich in oxygen. It will also be good to contain telescopes along with the tail fish - goldfish.

In an aquarium in which you will contain telescopes, there should be excellent air blowing and excellent water filtration. Also, it would be useful to triple the aeration of water.

Telescopes are not very good friends with plants that are not well rooted, because telescopes simply pull them out. Plants with delicate leaves, they are biting.

Breeding and spawning

The reproduction of telescopes is possible in an artificial reservoir in the springtime, when the water is warming. As in the reproduction of goldfish, the female and the male telescope are planted for two weeks in separate aquariums, giving live and artificial food.

Before settling in spawning, they are satisfied with the fasting day. Spawning occurs in fresh and softer water with a temperature of 23-25 ​​degrees. The required spawning volume is 50 liters, a separator grid and several hard-leaved plants are placed there.

Usually one female and 2-3 males spawn. The female lays many eggs - more than 2000. Incubation lasts 3-4 days. 5 days after spawning, the larvae will hatch, which will swim in a few days if the water temperature is from 21 to 26 degrees Celsius. The fry are weak and helpless, barely noticeable.

Starter feed - live dust. Later you can eat artemia and rotifers. Caring for fry requires constant observation in the spawning aquarium - in order to prevent cannibalism between brothers, large fry should be separated and settled separately from smaller ones.

Compatibility of telescopes with other fish Now about compatibility with other aquarium fish. All golds are rather slow and contain them better with fish.

the same temperament, and ideally with their own kind. They are definitely not suitable for neighbors, so to speak, fast-moving fish (such as shark balls), which can easily cause gold injuries.

There is also no talk about suckling fish, such as gerinokhailus or antsistrusov with pterigoplichtami, as they like to travel around the aquarium, clinging to slow-moving fish.

These journeys do not pass without a trace for the "cab driver", traces remain on the body of the fish, and far from being harmless. On the ground, the scales often peel off the scales, or even bloody wounds remain.

Telescopes, like all goldfish, become sexually mature in the second year of life and can reproduce from now on. In the aquarium under optimal conditions of existence of the fish, telescopes live up to 15-17 years.

External description

A goldfish telescope has a swollen round or ovoid body, reaching up to 12 cm in size, and more than half the body length in height. The tail fin is forked and hanging down, the dorsal is vertical, and the remaining fins are long and veil.

Head large, mouth like an accordion pointing down. The eyes are symmetrical, directed slightly forward, each eye is perpendicular to the surface of the head. The special telescopic shape of the eyes is formed by 3-7 months, depending on the temperature in the aquarium.

Telescope fish

Scaleless telescopes are distinguished by their beautiful scarlet color, but not having the brilliant metallic tint that scaled telescopes have.

KOEP CARPES CONTENTS REPLENISHMENT DESCRIPTION PHOTO VIDEO.

Types of telescopes

Telescopes are divided into many different types according to certain characteristics:

  • scales form;
  • coloring;
  • shape and size of fins.

Fish are also divided into species according to the structure of the tail fin:

  • skirt
  • tape

Type of telescope fish in color, which may be affected by the care and conditions in the aquarium, the quality of water or soil:

  • the black one is the most common, has a small caudal and long lateral fins, scales are evenly spaced;
  • magpie is white, and fins are black;
  • panda - body pattern represents the alternation of black and white shades;
  • Chinese red - white fishes with large bright red spots;
  • calico - have a motley color, a mixture of black, red, white and blue colors;
  • orange - with a metallic sheen, have a black tail and fins.

    Telescope fish

Differences in eye shape:

  • spherical;
  • cylindrical;
  • dish-shaped;
  • cone-shaped;
  • spherical

The black velvet telescope was developed by the famous Russian aquarist Kozlov at the end of the 19th century.

This aquarium version of the telescope was highly valued due to its unusual color and luxurious skirt tail. This telescope belongs to the scaly type, the color of the abdomen is weakened, gives a grayish-blue or golden hue.

The black telescope is considered to be the most perfect pedigree among the other telescopes.

TELESCOPE - CONTENT, BREEDING, COMPATIBILITY, PHOTO

TELESCOPE FISH VIDEO.

Girinoheylus yellow (golden) algae content breeding photo.

Description

Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri), or the Chinese seaweed - decorative aquarium fish. Body color varies from gray-brown to yellow-brown or olive. Often there is a longitudinal dark stripe, which can be interrupted, forming spots. In the aquarium, catfish girinoheylus reaches 15 cm in length, and in nature the size of these fish is twice as large. Homeland fish - Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, as well as some areas of China.

The body of the Chinese seaweed is low and elongated in length, the profile of the back is slightly arched, and the abdominal side is wide and flat. Located in the lower part of the head, the mouth-sucker is equipped with hard horny plates. The peculiarity of this species is special openings in the gills, thanks to which the fish breathes (mouth does not participate in breathing). The structure of the oral apparatus and the wide lips allow the soma girinoheylus to stick to the surfaces overgrown with algae and effectively clean them, since under natural conditions these fish feed on bacterial and algal fouling.

Due to the dark edging of scales, a mesh pattern is noticeable on the body. The fins are also colored yellowish or gray. The two-blade tail fin is decorated with small dark dots.
The male during the spawning period can be distinguished from the female by a small tubercle on the head and a brighter coloration.
Fish with a natural color in aquariums are not common. The most spectacular and therefore more common forms are the golden girinoheylus, whose golden-pink body looks very beautiful against the background of a green underwater garden, and the albino girinoheylus, featuring a pale pink color with a slight golden tint. Girinoheylus yellow has a more uniform color, and the spotted one has a tail in the form of a lyre and dark spots on a light chocolate body.

Girinoheylus content

For keeping of young fish of this species, an aquarium of at least 100 liters is necessary, and for adults it is advisable to purchase an aquarium of 200 liters. Since the natural habitats of the Girinoheylus fish are streams and rivers with a rocky bottom and fast current, good filtration will be required. Lighting is desirable average, the optimum temperature is from 23 to 26 ° C.
The aquarium fish girinoheylus is quite unpretentious, so the water hardness can vary from 5 to 20 ° (dH), and the acidity (pH) - 6-8. Water change is carried out weekly - about 30% of the total should be replaced with fresh water, settled for at least a day.
As the soil used coarse sand or pebbles of medium size. At the bottom it is desirable to put flat stones.
For a comfortable life of the fish needed shelter, which can serve as grottoes, ceramic pots and snags.
The aquarium is thickly planted with various plant species — the golden gyrinoheylus, the content of which does not differ from the content of other forms of this species, will look very bright against a green background. If the feed is enough, the plants do not spoil the fish.

Breeding of Girinoheylus

Breeding at home is almost impossible, but there is still a chance. Girinoheylus reaches sexual maturity in the second year of life. For breeding you need a spawning aquarium with a volume of 200 liters, at the bottom - a separator grid, in the corner of the aquarium - a filter that creates an average flow of water. It is better to establish the flow in such a way that, when spawning, the fish lay eggs and it pasted on different parts of the spawning ground and overflowed. Also necessary conditions for spawning should be good aeration and medium illumination of the aquarium. It is good if you also plant aquarium plants in spawning plants, especially with large leaves. To spawn take a female with a full belly and two males. Mature female is able to postpone up to 3000-4000 eggs. Hormonal injections to the female are used for breeding, before spawning the first time and during the landing for spawning - the second time.

Water parameters for breeding: temperature 24 ° С, hardness (dH) 4-5 °, acidity (pH) 6.8. We make a daily water change up to 10% of the spawning volume.

The incubation period lasts from 24 to 48 hours. We remove the female after spawn and monitor the males so that they do not eat caviar.After fertilization and the appearance of larvae, the males are also removed from the spawn, or the healthy eggs are transferred to the otsadnik. We make sure that there is no dead calf in the spawning room, it has a white patina.

We use pounded vegetable food, live dust, egg yolk as a starter feed for the girinoheylus fry, and after a week we begin to give artemia and rotifers.

Important! The most important thing to monitor the purity of the spawning, because eggs and offspring are very susceptible to viruses and bacteria, therefore it is recommended to add methylene blue to the separator.

Young specimens are peaceful, eating short and soft algae.

Feeding Girinohailus

To feed the girinohaylusa it is necessary mainly with vegetable food (flakes, scalded lettuce leaves, spinach), it is possible with live food (artemia, pipe sweeps, etc.). Food picked up from the bottom. Dry food is better to use in the form of various tablets for bottom fish, chips, pellets, in general, such food that will fall to the bottom of the aquarium.

For the young, the most useful is vegetable food.

Important! Girinoheylusy prone to overeating, if you feed only live food.

Girinoheylus compatibility

Young specimens are peaceful, eating algae, but only short and soft. With age, they become territorial and aggressive, stick to large, calm fish, damaging the skin. Hold in all layers of water.

Gender Differences

The male differs from the female in the fatty tubercle on the head during the spawning period. The female has a fuller abdomen and less bright color.

Types of garinoheylus

Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri) - the most common form of girinohaylusa.

Girinoheylus Chinese Algae Eater (CAE - Chinese Algae Eater).

Girinoheylus Siamese Seaweed (SAE - Spotted or Siamese Algae Eater), (Crossocheilus siamensis).

Girinoheylus Siamese Seaweed (SAE - Siamese Algae Eater) form “Piebald”.

Girinoheylus Gold (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri “Gold”).

Girinoheylus albino (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri “Albino”).

Hyrinoheylus lyrebird spotted (Gyrinocheilus pennocki). Motherland - Thailand, the Mekong River Basin, Malaysia. Reaching in a length of 18 cm. The lips are covered with rows of horny teeth, with which they scrape off algae from various surfaces. The body is chocolate-brown, the back is darker than the belly, on the sides there is a series of dark spots along the lateral line, and the fins are specks. Dorsal fin with several horizontal parallel stripes. In the caudal fin there is a dark spot with a white edging. The pectoral fins have a black stripe that runs along, not reaching the last rays.

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