Aquarium plants: diseases and treatment
Novice aquarists, paying more attention to the fish, completely forget about caring for plants, because of this, they stop growing, start to hurt and slowly bend down. In order to prevent the death of greenery, it is better to timely identify and treat the disease. Let's talk a little about the most common diseases of aquarium plants, the causes and methods of treatment.
For each type of plant, its own special conditions of keeping are required, as close as possible to natural ones. The incompatibility of the chemical composition of water, temperature, lighting, quality and quantity of substrates, fertilizing, the presence of parasites of animal origin are factors that adversely affect aqua flora.
Causes of disease:
- Lack or excess of lighting. With a lack of light, the growth stops, the color turns pale, the stem becomes thinner, the lower leaves die off. When the excess of the top strongly drawn out, the leaves become small.
- Inappropriate temperature setting. For aqua-flora, as well as for fish, the temperature regime plays a big role. At low temperatures, the plant may freeze. The higher the temperature of the water, the faster the metabolic processes take place and the more the green flora needs light and supplements.
- Improperly selected soil can cause blackening and disease of the roots. Maximum recovery of the ecosystem can be achieved with a complete replacement of the soil or the introduction of nutritional supplements.
- Insufficient filtering.
- Inappropriate chemical composition.
- Imbalance micro, macro.
- Other inhabitants of the aquarium (snails, aphids, parasitic algae, etc.).
Disease and treatment
To determine what exactly the plants need, you need to carefully examine them. If growth just stopped, but the leaves do not lose their color and do not fall off, then perhaps a new soil is simply required. This mainly occurs 2 years after its replacement.
With a shortage of nitrogen, growth slows down, the leaves become a brown-yellow shade with yellow veins. This disease is called nitrogen starvation. Reduce the temperature and add 4 mg of nitrogen per liter 4 times a month.
The lack of phosphorus can be stated with a strong darkening and twisting of young leaves and shoots. Appeared brown spots on the leaves gradually turn into holes. The standard application rate is 10 mg per 1 liter, 4 times a month.
You can observe the lack of potassium on the leaves with signs of chlorosis. The addition of 10 mg of potassium per liter to water will help to cope with potassium deficiency.
If there are light spots on the leaves, but the leaves do not die off, then most likely it is a lack of magnesium. Bring 5 mg of element per liter. Depending on the severity of the disease, the procedure is repeated from 2 to 4 times a month.
When boron deficiency is observed chlorosis of young leaves from the edges and base, blackening of the apex points of growth. Treat with the addition of 0.1 mg / 1 l, 2-3 times a month.
A sign of a lack of manganese is the appearance of small light and brown spots on the leaves. Treat with the addition of manganese with the same dosage and regularity as with a shortage of boron.
Signs of a lack of calcium are twisted yellowed leaves with twisted to the top edges, as well as blackening of growth points. Shortage compensate in a proportion of 10 mg / liter.
Pale green or yellow color of the leaves with white areas between the veins is found in plants with iron deficiency. With such a diagnosis, it is recommended to add 0.1 mg of substance per liter of water 2-3 times a month.
The lack of copper in the water is characterized by blanching of the entire leaf blade, the plant begins to thrive. 0.05 mg of copper per liter, 3 times a month, is added to the water.
The lack of carbon dioxide is observed in plants, on the leaves of which appeared calcareous. Perhaps this is due to the wrong ratio of the number of fish and plants. You can get out of this situation by adding a few more fish or adding ordinary sparkling water.
Diseases associated with the appearance of algae
Algae black beard - the most common disease. Face him the most. This alga in the form of black hairs settles not only on the walls of the aquarium, but also on the vegetation. In addition to the ugly aesthetic appearance, it significantly slows down growth. The causative agent of this disease can be brought with new plants or be in the stomach of fish. To the alga blackbeard did not get into the aquarium, it is better to acquire obviously clean plants.
How to get rid? Mechanical cleaning should be done with a stiff brush. In the case of a strong disease disease, it is better to replace the vegetation with fast-growing. Floating plants can be kept in solution with hydrogen peroxide at the rate of 1 ml per liter of water. Limit the fish in feeding. It is advisable to feed them every day with live food. Twice a week to change 30% of the water. If this did not help, purchase the finished product at the pet store.
Red algae (purple). A sign of crimson is the appearance of small bunches or individual hairs of red color on the leaves. As a rule, this sore appears in cold-water aquariums. Somiki and antsistrusy help in the fight against it.
Blue-green algae. The disease begins with the appearance of points of dark green color. They cover the soil, walls of the aquarium, sheets. Over time, the points grow, forming a dense crust, which is then very difficult to remove. Plants slow growth, begins to decay of individual leaves. There may be several reasons for the appearance of blue-green algae: unstable water, excessively strong lighting, high temperature, weak aeration of water, entry with live food.
To get rid of blue-green algae, you need to carry out a thorough cleaning of the plants, the walls and bottom of the aquarium. You can have inhabitants that feed on green fouling. Increased water aeration and reduced light also have a positive effect on combating them. In extreme cases, it is worth using penicillin.
On floating plants, such as pistes or water hyacinth, aphid may be added to feed on their juices. To quickly get rid of it, you need to transplant the affected samples in a jar of water. Separately prepare a solution: 1 liter of water, 1 g of copper sulphate, 20 g of green soap. And spray this surface with this solution. There is another way: 1 teaspoon of garlic peel pour a glass of boiling water and insist for 3 days.
Care for plants by regularly replacing water and cleaning the ground. Watch out for biological balance. Fertilize and feed, containing a full range of essential micro-and macronutrients. Creating conditions close to natural, you thereby ensure their normal growth, development and reproduction.
Diseases of aquarium plants and their treatment
Diseases of aquarium plants and their treatment
Plants play an important role in building biological balance in an aquarium; they absorb nitrates and phosphates, which can accumulate in the aquarium, thereby reducing their concentration. In the process of photosynthesis, plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, which contributes to the normalization of the processes of oxidation of fish waste products and dead organics. There are other advantages that bring plants to the aquarium world, more details are written about them. here.
At the same time, you need to understand that aquarium plants are an additional link in the chain of biological equilibrium, which requires attention, care and proper maintenance.
Every aquarist and novice, and professional, one way or another, are faced with the problems of growing aquarium plants, with their diseases and treatment. Yes, of course, each of us has different aquariums: someone just contains vallisneria and cryptocorynes, and someone is engaged aquascaping. In this connection, it is rather problematic to issue a recommendation "for all occasions", however, in this article, relying on the postulates of keeping aquarium plants, we will try to give a basic scheme and a plan of action that will help correct the situation.
Photosynthesis of aquarium plants
To begin, let us draw attention to the "basis of the maintenance of aquarium plants - the process of photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis - the process of converting the energy of light into the energy of chemical bonds of organic substances in the light by photo autotrophs with the participation of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll in plants, bacteriochlorophyll and bacteriorhodopsin in bacteria). In modern plant physiology, photosynthesis is more often understood as a photoautotrophic function — a combination of the processes of absorption, transformation, and use of the energy of light quanta in various energonic reactions, including the conversion of carbon dioxide into organic matter.
Simply put, in plants in the light, the process of water (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) conversion occurs under the action of sunlight, into an energy-rich organic compound — glucose (C6H12O6). The formula of photosynthesis can be represented as follows:
6СO2 + 6H2O = С6Н12O6 (glucose) + 6O2
In the dark there is a reverse process:
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O
For clarity, the process of photosynthesis of plants and respiration at night.
From the above information we can make the main conclusion that for healthy growth of plants you need:
First of all - the proper level of lighting.
Further, the proper concentration of CO2.
Further macro fertilizers and micro fertilizers.
Very often on aquarium forums, private issues related to plant diseases are discussed: yellowing of leaves, holes in the sheets, chlorosis, coating of the plant leaf with even, green, brown algae, etc. Moreover, the Internet provides a lot of information and pictures that tell and show what could be the problem. For example, here is this picture.
However, the symptoms of the causes of plant diseases are very similar to each other. Even an experienced aquarist-skater difficult to immediately determine what exactly can be biased. About novice aquarists and lovers talk at all is not necessary.
In this connection, in our opinion, in case of problems with plants, the aquarist should start working, going from simple to complex. What does it mean?
First of all, it turns out that there is enough light. for a specific aquarium and a specific aquarium plant. On our site there are two articles on this topic: Aquarium lighting lamp selection, DIY Aquarium Lighting, be sure to watch them. Let's pay attention to the fact that in each individual case this or that source of illumination, this or that power of illumination is chosen. In this case, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the height of the aquarium, as well as the nature of the plant - shade-loving or light-loving. That is, you will not find clear specific recommendations. Find a middle ground you must yourself.
In the second place, it turns out the issue with CO2. Is it enough?
About 50% of the plants are carbon, so for an aquarium with plants, supplying a sufficient amount of CO2 is a top priority. CO2 enhances the growth of aquarium plants several times. Nothing improves plant growth like CO2, as carbon is the main building material of plant cells. If the plants died, grew very slowly, or even grew at a moderate pace, the supply of CO2 will accelerate growth by 5 times! The optimal CO2 concentration in an aquarium with plants is 15-30mg / l. The limit for fish is 30 mg / l.
Thirdly, the question of the ratio of the amount of light and CO2 is being addressed.
The intensity of illumination should correspond to the amount of CO2 supplied and vice versa. You can not compensate for the lack of CO2 powerful lighting - it is 100% will lead to algal outbreak. Conversely, without proper lighting, a saturated concentration of CO2 is useless, at least this will lead to the suffocation of hydrobionts.
In this matter, you also need to take into account the total mass of plants in the aquarium - their number. If there are a small number of plants in the aquarium, a sharp increase in lighting and / or CO2 will result in the plants not being able to assimilate everything at once, which the algae will in turn use. In this case, it is recommended to act as when starting a herbalist, that is, gradually and gradually increase both of these parameters.
Fourth, it is necessary to balance the daylight mode.
There are various recommendations regarding the mode of lighting a plant aquarium. There is a general method - the daylight should be 10-12 hours a day, there is a stepwise method of supplying lighting, that is, when dawn, zenith and sunset are simulated in an aquarium. In either case, you need to understand that you can not compensate for the lack of lighting or anything else by increasing the length of the daylight hours.
Takashi Amano, recommends using a stepped method of lighting, while he says that the peak of lighting - “zenith” should be about three hours. This gap is enough for good growth and nutrition of plants. The rest of the time is moderate lighting.
It should also be noted that if you use powerful lighting, the total daylight hours should not exceed 8 hours.
Fifthly, the issue with the concentration of macro and micro fertilizers in the aquarium is solved.
Perhaps this is the most scrupulous question. Indeed, the lack of fertilizers, as well as their surplus leads to depressing consequences. At the same time, the symptoms of distortions in this regard can be very similar to one another. Moreover, this issue should be considered in the light of previously covered paragraphs 1-4.
So, with an excess of fertilizers, we get an algal outbreak in all its manifestations and, as a result, depletion and death of plants. With a lack of fertilizers, we first of all get depleted plants and as a result they are not able to live. As a rule, the lack of fertilizers is also accompanied by an algal outbreak, this is due to a number of reasons, one of which is the ability of the algae to “catch crumbs of fertilizers” and the fact that the algae is better than plants to adapt to negative factors.
With that said, the tests check the concentration of macro fertilizers - NPK: nitrate, phosphate, potassium. We can say that these are the three basic elephants of the "universe of aquarium plants". The ratio of these parameters in each aquarium is different. We can only give a general recommendation: P to N in the proportion of 1: 10-15, that is, you need to keep the concentration of 1 mg / l P (phosphate) for 10-15 mg / l NO3 (nitrate). Concerning K (potassium) there are no definite recommendations for its concentration at all, why? Here is a link to S. Yermolaev’s article explaining this -//aquascape-promotion.com/kalii-v-akvariume.
But again and again, we note that the above proportions are not standard, too, everything is too individual in aquaristics.
Distortion of micro fertilizers: Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Mo, B, Zn, etc. is also dangerous, but easy to eliminate. Micro-fertilizer plants need in small quantities. Their surplus is eliminated by changing the water, and the lack of a complex micro-Udo. Special attention should be paid to Fe (gland), perhaps these are the most important components of micro-fertilizers and its mono-composition is always desirable to have on hand.
And finally, the sixth item is water parameters.
Most aquarium plants prefer soft, slightly acidic water: pH 6.8-7.2, kN 3-4, gH 6-8. This is due to the following:
1. For good plant growth you need a lot of carbon (C). As mentioned earlier, the best carbon source (C) is CO2. However, in water, carbon exists in two forms: carbon dioxide CO2 dissolved in water, and bicarbonate (HCO3-). Carbon dioxide is directly absorbed by plants by penetrating through the cell walls. Alas, bicarbonate contains chemically bound CO2 — that is, not available for direct consumption by plants. Plants must first absorb bicarbonate and remove CO2 inside the cells. Far from all plants can do this complex process.
In mild and weakly acidic water with pH
2. The intensity of plant consumption of macro and micro fertilizers directly depends on the pH level. pH in the range of 6.0-7.0 is the most optimal.
What more should you pay attention to!
- Often, problems with plants begin because of the "wrong ground". See the article for more details. "Ground and substrate in the aquarium".
- There are various recommendations regarding the condition of the aquarium with plants at night, i.e. when there is no photosynthesis. There are recommendations that say that you do not need to turn off CO2 for the night, because turning off causes pH drops, which negatively affects the aquarium. However, taking into account the fact that CO2 is not needed at night, and even on the contrary, at night we “breathe” the plants, we recommend turning off CO2 at night, moreover, we recommend turning on the “purge” - aeration at night.
- An important component of good plant growth is a high-quality filtration of the aquarium, but at the same time it should not create a strong flow.
- It is also important to pay attention to the ratio of fish and plants.
- In the aquarium it is desirable to contain seaweed.
This material is not exhaustive and, by and large, is aimed at the novice aquarist. Это всего лишь попытка отразить основные аспекты правильного содержания аквариумных растений, которые позволят избежать их болезней.
Вспоминаются слова Такаши Амано, который говорил, что никаких хитростей и секретов выращивания растений нет, просто дайте им все, и они отблагодарят вас.
On the Internet, you can find a lot of information on plant diseases, millions of tin branches ... However, we advise you not to take all the information for a "clean coin", often forum messages are just the assumptions and position of a particular person in an individually taken situation. As well as tests of aquarium water are interpreted and do not always "speak the truth."
In our opinion, the most important qualification in the cultivation of a herbalist and the absence of diseases in plants is the aquarist's reverent attitude to his hobby. Only a visual, "close" inspection of your aquarium, only an internal understanding of the processes that occur in the aquarium will help you. In other words, you need to enthusiastically relate to aquarism, to love it and try to understand the patterns of Nature.
We want to recommend you site Amania - An old, good resource, on the pages of which are considered in more detail the numerous issues of this article.
We also recommend to look at the resource. Aquascape-promotionwhere a specialist in aquarium plants S. Ermolaev gives useful calculations.
Aquarium plants are all for beginners with photos and video
let's talk about the benefits of plants
for your aquarium and its inhabitants Many people who plant and develop an aquarium, for some reason, consider that aquarium plants are unnecessary hassles and worries. However, it is not! In this article I will try to make out the main aspects related to the life of aquarium plants and dispel the Myth "On the complexity of keeping and breeding plants in an aquarium."
To begin with, there are a huge number of plant species for the aquarium. Some of them are really difficult to maintain. But there is a lot of plants that do not require special care, except that your not intrusive attention, comparable to the care of indoor plants. For convenience, we divide this article into thematic chapters:
1. ABOUT THE FAVOR OF AQUARIUM PLANTS: Are aquarium plants needed? Why are they. Is it possible to do without them.
2. WHAT IS NECESSARY FOR AQUARIUM PLANTS: care, fertilizer, soil for aquarium plants, planting.
3. HOW MANY PLANTS NEED IN THE AQUARIUM: the ratio of fish and plants.
4. TYPES AND LIST OF AQUARIUM PLANTS.
5. UNCLEAN AQUARIUM PLANTS: plants for beginners.
6. AQUARIUM PLANT DISEASES: What to do if aquarium plants die - “wither”.
About the benefits of aquarium plantsPlants in the aquarium play a huge role in the life of its inhabitants. It can be said that the presence of plants in an aquarium is just a huge amount of advantages, which ones? Yes, here they are:
- plants are the "light" aquarium;
- plants are an established aquarium biosystem, no harmful substances in the water, no algae;
- plants are the sensor of the aquarium state;
- plants are a natural interior and "hospital" for fish, fry, shrimp, snails, etc.
- plants are an additional feed for aquarium inhabitants;
- plants set up an aquarium so that you can safely leave it and go on vacation;
- live aquarium plants - it is beautiful, natural and aesthetically pleasing;
Now, about everything in more detail!
Plants are lightweight aquariums.In the process of plant life in an aquarium, under the action of light, photosynthesis is known to all. As a result of which, plants consume carbon dioxide (CO2) and release oxygen. Thus, in your aquarium there will never be unnecessarily accumulated CO2, which is emitted by fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium, and aquarium water will naturally be saturated with oxygen.
Some experienced aquarists, with the help of plants, achieve such a biological equilibrium in the aquarium that they do not need mechanical aeration and filtration of water. Imagine - the aquarium does not buzz, electricity is not consumed - beauty !!! True, in order to accomplish this, you need to gain a lot of experience and know aquarism thoroughly.
Plants are an established aquarium biosystem, no harmful substances in the water, no algae.
Actually this aspect follows from the previous PLUS. In addition to the benefits of photosynthesis of aquarium plants, they also absorb harmful substances that also accumulate from the vital activity of fish and other comrades. Namely, plants absorb nitrates, nitrites and phosphates, using them as fertilizers. Thus, we get a "clean" aquarium, which is needed rarely, rarely siphon, or even forget about it at all!
Plants are an aquarium condition sensorEverything is simple! Aquarium plants are the primary indicator of the status of your aquarium. If the plants "wither", turn yellow and rot - this is a sure sign of the poor condition of the aquarium and conversely lush, beautiful spreads - this is a 100% indicator of the excellent state of the aquarium world.
Aquarian plants are a natural interior and "maternity hospital" for small fishes, fry, shrimps, snails, etc.
No other decorations of the aquarium will replace the vegetation in the aquarium. If you want to maintain an aquarium with a professional approach, then you can not do without plants.
Firstly, because the plants are a beautiful decor of an aquarium and only a naturally decorated type of aquarium is a good imitation of the environment in which the fish lived until they came to you.
Secondly, the plants are a cozy home for the inhabitants of the aquarium world. Many fish, shrimps and other inhabitants use vegetation as a shelter, spawning, and the young of many fish find refuge in them.
Plants are an additional food for aquarium inhabitants.Many, many fish are "herbivores." Some simply graze like sheep in a meadow, mowing down everything they see. For example, the family of Goldfish, well, just love vegetable feed. For these types of aquatic inhabitants, plant foods are needed, which are sold in pet stores, such as Tetra Veggieble. And here a reasonable question arises - why spend extra money when you can feed the fish with natural, fresh vegetation.
The mechanism of such feeding is very simple. I will give an example. I live in the same aquarium Goldfish - voilehvosty. I do not know about the others, but mine just with my hands pull out my vegetation! What I've done. In another aquarium with cyclides, he started a ryaska, which tsikhly not very eat, and which multiplies very quickly. Twice a week I catch a duckweed from a tsikhlidnik and give it to the Golden Fish. It turns out a kind of vicious circle, which is useful for cichlids and veils. In addition, expensive plants that are in the aquarium with Goldfish remain untouched by them and have a good aesthetic appearance.
Additionally, it is possible to offer the fish - Hornpole, which is also well eaten.
From the above, you can make only one conclusion - aquarium plants, well, just vital for feeding fish. And taking into account the fact that Lemna is worth nothing at all (in pet stores it is given away just like that) only, probably, the lazy person will not be engaged in vegetation.
Plants set up an aquarium so much
that you can safely leave him and go on vacation And indeed it is. I think many have encountered this problem when they need to leave, and there is no one to leave the aquarium for. Even I wrote, here in this article: VACATION AND AQUARIUM, about the disappointing problems of the aquarium and recreation. However, if there are good vegetation lawns in your aquarium, this will allow you not to worry about his cloisters for about two weeks. On their own experience proved! Yes, and many professionals say that a "good" aquarium without external intervention can easily exist for about a month. So we equip an aquarium with good vegetation and quietly go to the Maldives;)
Live aquarium plants - it is beautiful, natural and aesthetically pleasing! I think you understand it yourself. And who is not sure, please look at these photos here and compare the naturally and artificially designed aquarium.
with live plants with artificial plants
Summing up this section, it remains only to say in the affirmative - AQUARIUM PLANTS, ARE VERY NECESSARY AND USEFUL FOR THE AQUARIUM AND ITS INHABITANTS. Is it possible to do without them? Can. In fact, nothing terrible will happen, but the aquarium will not be beautiful, empty, short, dirty, difficult to clean, and the fish will be like orphaned children not living in a chic, cozy house,
and in the "shelter or dock".
What do you need for aquarium plants?
Many, starting to engage in an aquarium, think that the plants in the aquarium are unnecessary problems and concerns. However, it is not!!! Actually for the normal life of the plants in the aquarium, as well as for the fish, the main thing is to arrange everything. In relation to plants, this is achieved by selecting the right soil, fertilizing with fertilizer and due to good lighting. That's all! Well, once a month you need to "cut" them, now everything is for sure. A little more detail on each of the above nuances.
PRIMING: The soil for plants is purely individual. Some plants do not need it at all, while others need a thick layer of soil. In general, it can be said that the soil for plants should be from 3 to 5 centimeters thick and medium grain. It is this thickness (and more) that will allow the plants to take root well. A newly planted plant can be slightly pressed with a pebble the size of a larger one, well, or pinned down with some decor, it is possible to tie the plant with a fishing line. A common mistake is to tie a lead weight plant to the horse system - this is not very good. Yes, the plant does not float and it is difficult for fish to pull it out. But the lead is oxidized, and besides it prevents the roots of the plant from developing. The same applies to other goods.
By the way, about the question of the correct planting
the photo shows the rules of planting aquarium plantsFOOD FERTILIZER: Like fish, plants need feeding. Modern aquaria does not know this problem. In any pet store sold pills or liquid conditioners for plants. For example, Tetra plant start or Tetra Crypto. Such tablets are crushed and brought under the root system of plants on a monthly basis. The cost of one tablet is $ 1, depending on the size of the aquarium, one or two tablets are enough for a month. Per 1 tablet per 50 liters of aquarium water.
photo Tetra Planta Start
- protects and strengthens newly planted aquarium plants.
- the pill contains a plant hormone that enhances growth.
- helps the formation of roots.
- promotes survival of roots when transplanting plants.
- enhances the resistance of plants due to the content in the tablet of macro-substances.
Photo of Tetra Crypto-Dunger Tablets
Feed for aquarium plants, contribute to the normal formation of the root system. The tablet contains iron and other micronutrients. Does not contain nitrates, phosphates and does not cause water turbidity. The action of the pill occurs over a long time. It promotes the development of the most important microorganisms, as well as prevents the growth of algae.
You can independently, handicraft to prepare fertilizers for aquarium plants. But this is the whole "alchemy" requiring you to search for chemical ingredients, accurate weights and other troubles. Given the fact that in the yard 2013 year - the choice is obvious! I do not think that it will be a pity to someone to spend $ 1 per month on a pill for a plant. Yes, and with artisanal fertilizers, one can uncheck it, and so not only plants, but also fish will die. In general, I am for the pills and I urge you to this!
There are still old grandfathering methods - to put clay or peat under plants. Sami understands that this is also not an option. Where in the modern metropolis to get good clay, and especially peat. Yes, to be sure that there is no infection in them. And why, if we are talking about a home or office aquarium? After all, an aquarium is a piece of tropical nature, not a plantation in the middle of the Amazon River. Get acquainted with other drugs companies "TETRA" and Sera.
Lighting for aquarium plantsLight plays a very important role for plants. It is understandable! After all, the process of photosynthesis without it is simply not real. Features of lighting for aquarium plants are very individual. Some plants need a lot of light, some not so much. In general, all the sources agree on one thing that the light in the aquarium with plants should be burning for about 12 hours. But then a small problem arises - so much light is not very useful for the aquarium itself. Therefore, I recommend turning on the aquarium lighting for about 6 hours, which will be a kind of compromise. With such a day length, the plants in the aquarium will feel good. Verified! True, it is worth making a reservation that such a compromise is not very suitable for exotic, expensive and capricious plants. It will simply be a pity if the bristle is bent.
Care of aquarium plantsActually care for aquarium plants is cutting and trimming plants, which should be carried out as needed (about once a month). Carrying out such an action is necessary: clean rotten leaves, cut out a plant that has grown too large, and cut off the daughters, then plant them in a new place.
A little more about this you can read in this ARTICLE, there is clearly a video like "craftsmen are cutting the aquarium."
An invaluable service in the care of aquarium plants will provide snails. They are happy to devour rotting, bad leaves, thus saving you from unnecessary worries.
Within this section, I will make a reservation about the CO2 system. Such a system favorably affects the growth and appearance of plants. Its meaning is to supply carbon dioxide to the aquarium, which in turn is very fond of plants. Such systems are branded and artisanal. Read in detail about the CO2 system and see the video how to make such a unit “according to the principle of the mash” with your own hands HERE.
How many plants do you need in an aquarium?In this matter, it is not possible to overdo it. I do not think that someone will plant the aquarium with plants "for the most I can not." However, there is a certain qualification of the number of plants in the aquarium. They should be placed in such a way that 2/3 of free space remains for fish and other inhabitants. In addition, you need to proceed from the number of fish. The more of them, the more you can plant plants. Or in other words, the more CO2 is produced, the more plants can be planted and the more oxygen will be from them.
Types and list of aquarium plants for beginnersLike the fish, there is also a huge number of aquarium plants. In order not to flood in this article, I will give a link to the list of all aquarium plants, here it is - LISTbesides you can scroll through the section of our site AQUARIUM PLANTS In the preview, which is laid out for the convenience of photographs of plants, which will give you the opportunity to appreciate the beauty of the plant and choose the right one without poking into all the articles.
In general, all plants can be divided into:
- plants that float on the surface of the water;
- plants that are mounted in the ground;
- and plants that no matter where they are;
When choosing plants you need to take into account these factors. So that it does not happen that some plants do not allow others to live.
Unpretentious aquarium plantsIn fact, there are a lot of such unpretentious plants and, in fact, you can make an endless list, because if you give any plant a minimum of care, it will survive in any aquarium.
Nevertheless, we can recommend the following aquarium plants for beginners:
I already spoke about it. It will be a great addition to the aquarium. All aquarian inhabitants love it, it creates a very beautiful look. The only disadvantage of it, like all floating plants, is that it very quickly closes the water cover, preventing the light from passing into the aquarium. It should be thinned more often, and especially before the release, leaving only a few leaves on the surface.
In fact, not whimsical fast-growing up, inexpensive plant.
Plain and classic, thin, fast-growing up.
Elk-like plant. Growing fast. A huge number of small leaves, is an excellent protection for all the small inhabitants of the aquarium.
Floating plant on the type of leaves of lake lilies of small size. It takes long roots. It grows very quickly. Limnobium, especially its roots, adore eating fish and shrimps.
Remarkable fast-growing, floating, bright plant. Gaining weight with growth, it can sink to the bottom and cover entire spaces. It can be tied with a fishing line to a snag, to a pebble, creating a wonderful green island. In addition, it is very fond of, there are aquarium inhabitants.
Very beautiful plant. The truth is not growing very fast and more demanding of light. She can easily wrap a snag or something else.
Diseases of aquarium plants Plants, like fish - can hurt. Like all living things, plants die because of improper or poor content. But I assure you that if you follow these recommendations, the aquarium plants will never hurt you.
Without making demagoguery. Here are the signs of the disease, the causes and treatment of aquarium plants.
PLANT LOOKS NUMBERS: leaves are stunted, thin, the plant stretches upwards, pale, sheds young leaves! Все это верные признаки недостатка освещения.
- увеличьте световой день для растений;
- если растений много проредите их, так чтобы одни не мешали друг другу;
- снизьте температуру воды. Чем больше температура аквариумной воды, тем больше света необходимо растениям.
ЛИСТЬЯ РАСТЕНИЙ ПОКРЫВАЮТСЯ ДЫРКАМИ: края неровные, скручивание растения, бледный пожамканый вид и т.д. Это признаки недостатка подкормки и удобрений.
- fertilization under the roots of plants (above-mentioned tablets).
- make sure that the soil does not crush or deform the roots of the plants.
PREMATURE LEADINGS WILL FALL: yellowing of the edges of the leaves, slow growth. These are signs of a lack of CO2 - carbon dioxide.
- lower the temperature. At low temperatures, the CO2 content in the aquarium increases.
- Get more fish.
- as an option, turn off aeration for the night, but it will not quite well affect the fish.
- Build a CO2 installation with your own hands.
And finally, a few words about artificial aquarium plants. Once they are sold, once I buy them, it means they have a place to be in our reservoirs. No trouble with them at all - I buried a plastic bush and admire! The benefits of such plants are zero, moreover, they grow well harmful algae. And over time, plastic breaks down and becomes brittle! They cost more than living plants. Nevertheless, such plastic aquarium plants, as an element of decor, look very much even in a pond.
Video - webinar "All the secrets of growing aquarium plants"
Start video from 54:43 minutes and further,
useful video about the maintenance of aquarium plants
I propose to see beautiful photos of naturally decorated aquariums with plants.
Hope the article was helpful for you.
I think that the stated material has debunked
The myth "On the complex maintenance of aquarium plants."
Why do aquarium plants die?
EVERYTHING WHY AQUARIUM PLANTS DIE
Much of what explains in varying degrees, the causes of death of plants in amateur aquariums. The main reasons include the chronic lack of lighting and carbon dioxide in the water, the absence of certain components of mineral nutrition. Earlier it was also noted that many plants can be considered water only conditionally, and such as, for example, dracaena, syngonium, chlorophytum, arrowroot, cryptantus and many others, generally do not belong to aquatic plants and can withstand complete immersion for a period of two weeks. up to several months. It is these so-called “false aquatic plants” that invariably die in the aquariums of inexperienced lovers, who purchase them from unscrupulous or incompetent sellers. Nevertheless, even such plants can be used as a temporary decoration of an aquarium, periodically taking them out of the water and placing them in a bright and warm greenhouse for several months so that the plants on the air come to their senses. Strictly speaking, it is impossible to call such an appeal otherwise than mockery of a living being, even a plant.
One of the causes of the death of aquatic plants is the stress associated with their improper transportation outside the water. With such transportation, the leaves, stems and roots of the plants dry up, which then die off. If at the same time a large part of the plant dries up, it is often not able to recover and dies completely, and the painful condition can last for months. For a short period of transportation, carefully enough, without breaking leaves and stems, wrap the plants in a wet newspaper and put them in a plastic bag. Properly packed plants with a root system that develops in a mesh pot filled with mineral wool (see photo) are well tolerated for transportation for several dozen hours in complete darkness and usually start to grow in a few days. It is only important that the plants do not overheat, which in the tropical sun can occur very quickly, and the plants can literally become "boiled." It is also necessary to make sure that the plants do not overcool, since overcooling leads to almost the same effect as overheating. The temperature during transportation of about 20 ° C suits most plants.
The roots of some plants, especially Barclay and a number of cryptocorene, which grow in nature in the so-called anaerobic conditions, that is, in dense, muddy soils, where oxygen is limited, suffer greatly during transplantation and their long exposure to the open air. In this case, they quickly rot away, the plant floats to the surface and often dies. Therefore, the roots of such plants are better, without taking them out (that is, directly under the water, without lifting them to the surface), to wrap together with the adjacent ground a dense plastic bag that does not allow oxygen to pass through. When planting such plants in an aquarium, it is also desirable to avoid contact of the roots with atmospheric air. For this, the plants in packaged form are first immersed in water, and only then the package is unwrapped and the root system is placed in a previously prepared well, and then it is filled up. The amount and quality of the soil must meet the requirements of individual plant species, and will be discussed further. The general structure of the soil in an aquarium and its preparation are described in the book Aquarium — device and care.
The almost complete absence of oxygen in the lower layers of the soil indicates the low redox potential of water RH, which must also be taken into account when moving plants from the aquarium to the aquarium (for example, if you participate in the exhibition) and growing similar species. Increased water circulation, powerful aeration, ozonization, as well as the dissolution in water of hydrogen peroxide or potassium permanganate used to combat algae, fish diseases, etc., lead to an increase in redox
This seaweed has forgotten the truth. The best for an aquarium is called. It filters well, and even the fish eat it, it can grow and not planted in the ground! and rots there because she needs to swim for a while and then when you cut off everything that rots, then plant again, it rots there because there is not enough light at the base of the light.
Dying plant in an aquarium what to do
Read it. Honestly: the feeling of some kind of insanity. Either you are stuck, or you are cheekyly bred by all these "specialists."
1. 35 liter aquarium is not a place for serious occupation with plant breeding. Buy aponogetona bush, valisneria, anubis will do. Plants that suit your tap water will grow without any fertilizers, those that your water does not fit - but does it make sense to suffer?
2. Who is this advised to embed the cooler? Ask who he was treating. Enough air compressor without any bells and whistles, which will air your aquarium around the clock. I must say that 28-30 degrees most favorable temperature for most aquarium fish and plants, because almost all of them come from the tropics. At this temperature, they practically do not get sick.
3. “Launched” the aquarium - let it begin to “work” itself, let it stand 2 to 3 weeks, the water will become clear during this time without any additives. Pump-filter in addition to the compressor will not be superfluous, the light for plants is important. But without fanaticism, otherwise the glass will be overgrown with a dark "beard."
and 4th: Believe it or not - the less we climb, the more beautiful and natural it turns out. It is necessary only occasionally to correct the result.
Well, all right, but what did you want? Your words: "... launched 3 days ago, the plants had a nutrient pad, water was poured with the preparation to start the jbl aquarium. The next day, fertilizer was poured for plants ..." I emphasize the key words "plants have a nutrient pad" and "fertilizer was poured for plants "In 35 liters, you" hooked "TOO MANY FERTILIZERS! When you start the aquarium with the substrate, it is recommended that the first 2 weeks generally make a change of 1/3 of water EVERY DAY! To dilute humic, because fresh substrate exudes a lot of fertilizer in the water.
No, guys, FIG such a temperature ?? Wuhu cook ?? What kind of degree do we raise when the fish get sick, was the bad mank of the new neons ((Kuller to cool ?? Why did the dough cut down ?? C --- You (((You just burned them, with your indefatigable love (((
Why do my plants turn yellow in watercolor?
*** Ruslana ***
And where is the light! In low light, the plants become pale in color and lose their lower leaves. They try to get closer to the light, their internodes are stretched and become thinner than the stems, dropping leaves in the lower part. As we see, in the robehead, there are no such “symptoms” ... By the way, the romepole, the plant is shade-sensitive and sensitive to light ... in bright light, the plant dies. By the way, I learned that seasonality is peculiar to this plant ... you can read about it yourself //tvoy.kiev.ua/aqua_underwater_plants.html ... although it’s not winter time yet, but it’s interesting ... But I’m inclined to say that discoloration and yellowing of the leaves, then it is iron deficiency. Maybe it is worth giving clay dressing? Here you can get acquainted with the "causes and signs of diseases of aquarium plants" //aquariymist.4admins.ru/viewtopic.php?f=15&t=552
And how long have you got a rodentary? Maybe the problem is due to the difference in the water parameters of your aquarium and where these plants migrated to you from? Naturally, any cardinal change in the conditions of detention leads to a temporary inhibition of plants and the suspension of their growth - at first they turn yellow and shed their leaves, and then slowly and gradually absorb them.
Isn't it a little fish? Is that all that is visible on the photo? It is good if the remains of the fish are used as a nutrient ... preferably after planting for a month, do not siphon the ground so that the rysoid branches from the sludge can receive a cumulative nutritious food. But I do not advise you to resort to various chemical fertilizers.
Ridens Verum Dicere!
If you are too lazy to change the water, use Tetra EasyBalance
And if you are engaged in aquarism, then at least learn it from time to time //www.aquariumhome.ru/page20.htm
This is not a kitten for you to feed which I fed and forgot a couple of times a day!
Why does lemongrass die?
There is nothing surprising in the fact that the leaves fade. Firstly, you didn’t plant it in the ground, but this is a ground plant, and secondly, you could just react to changes in the chemical parameters of water - in the center there is one indicator in the general aquarium that can be completely different. Now do not touch him, but let him calmly adapt if there is enough light — he will recover and start growing. From the floating plants to the fry, you can start up a fringe or an Indian Paparotnik.
Factors causing water cane diseases Causes of hysterectomy problems can be associated with anything that is wrong with water characteristics, soil, consistency, and development, as well as with characteristics of water, soil, consistency, and development; As soon as the plant gets into conditions other than optimal, it as a result of stress stops for a while, then quickly degrades and, if the cultivation conditions do not at all meet the optimal requirements, it soon dies. Other aquatic creatures such as fish and snails can also harm aquatic plants. Sick copy is easy to recognize - it distorts the natural color, it rots, turns yellow, withers. If you notice that some leaves or other parts of the plant have begun
rot, remove them as soon as possible with a scalpel and tweezers. Many plant diseases can be avoided by regularly replacing water in an aquarium, cleaning it up, and monitoring conditions. The roots of some plants, especially Barclay and a number of cryptocorene, which grow in nature in the so-called anaerobic conditions, that is, in dense, muddy soils, where oxygen is limited, suffer greatly during transplantation and their long exposure to the open air. In this case, they quickly rot away, the plant floats to the surface and often dies. Illumination. In low light, the plants become pale in color and lose their lower leaves. They try to get closer to the light, their internodes stretch and become thinner than the stems. In this case, you need to see if other plants in the aquarium take too much light, and thin them out if necessary. You can also make the lighting more powerful.