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Striped aquarium fish

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Platidoras striped catfish: content, compatibility, photo-video review

Som Platidoras is one of the most popular som-like fish in our aquariums. Striped catfish is very beautiful. Along the whole body are wide black and white stripes. This color is especially clearly seen in young individuals, with age, the bands become less noticeable. In nature, these catfish reach up to 20 centimeters in length, and in the aquarium up to 16 centimeters.

The behavior of platydoras catfish is curious, but it is worth noting that they prefer nightlife, if the environment becomes comfortable, then catfish can actively explore the aquarium during the day.

Catfish are peaceful and hardy. Platiodras will perfectly fit into a common - multi-species aquarium. Soma belongs to the family of Bronyakovs (Doradidae). The name of the family reflects the essence of this catfish - they have strong skin, a well-developed occipital shield in front of the dorsal fin and bone growths along the lateral line, forming prickly bone shields.

A very interesting fact about this catfish is that he "knows how to sing" and that is what they call "singing soma". This is due to the ability of Platydoras and other catfish of the Doradidae family to make sounds. Strumming sounds are produced due to friction of the pectoral fins on grooves in the shoulder joints, and sounds similar to crackling are produced by an elastic spring mechanism that triggers the vibration of the swim bladder. Of the Bronyakov family, the soma Acanthodoras spinosissimus and Acanthodoras cataphrectus are also "singing".

Striped Placidoras tolerates harsh environmental conditions. Despite the fact that individuals of this species are predominantly nocturnal, they often swim out of their shelter in order to explore all corners of their aquarium during the day. They love to dig in the soft river bottom, so be prepared to give them a corner with good sand and gravel. Platydoras prefer gloomy lighting, so the water surface of the aquarium can be “covered” with floating plants (pistia, duckweed) or you can buy a special lamp for somopodobnyh fish. The aquarium is also equipped with a variety of shelters - voids in snags, clay pots or plastic pipes of various sizes. Plants and Platydoras are completely compatible, but the presence of plants is optional. Catfish get along well with average-sized non-predatory neighbors. You should not add too small fish to catfish, they can become a snack for him.

Platydoras Description

The body has a cylindrical swept shape with a flat belly. Females are larger than males, especially when viewed from above. As mentioned earlier, in the wild, catfish reach 20 cm in length, and sometimes there are also 24 cm individuals. In an aquarium, the average length of adult fish is 15.5 cm. The average life expectancy of Plateidoras is 20 years. The color of their body can be either dark brown or black, with clearly visible white horizontal stripes that create an alternation of the pattern. The muzzle, the lower part of the head and the front edge of the pectoral fins are white in color. The older the fish, the less she has the clarity of the pattern. The head of the catfish is large, with large eyes. The mouth is wide, there are two pairs of antennae. They are located on both sides of the mouth, one on the lower and upper jaw. On the pectoral fins are strong spikes, which the fish is able to straighten hard to the sides, and it can use the internal spikes for striking. Spikes are often confused in the net of a net, and they are easily pricked. The external similarity between the striped platydoras and the long-nosed catfish, Orinocodoras eigenmanni, often makes it difficult to identify them when selling them. To determine the type, it is enough to look at the muzzle and the adipose fin. In the long-nosed catfish, the muzzle and fin are much longer.

Maintenance and care of Platydoras

Water parameters for pH content: 5.8 - 7.5, water temperature: 23.9 - 30.0 ° C. dH 2 -20 °. The minimum amount of aquarium for catfish is 120 liters. Since this freshwater inhabitant is unpretentious to the conditions of detention, it is enough to change 30% of the water every month. Like most catfish of this family, Plateidora prefers medium-hard water saturated with oxygen. Be sure that the aquarium shelters and subdued lighting. Voidings in roots or snags, clay pots, parts of plastic pipes will serve as secluded corners. Platydoras love to dig in the soft river bottom, so good sand or gravel should be in the aquarium. These catfish do not gnaw aquarium plants and eat only small algae. With the arrival of night, the Platydoras get out of their shelters and start digging in search of food. As a consequence, on the plants with small leaves can grow muddy plaque. To observe the activities of the fish at night, you must install the LED backlight in red or moonlight.

Feeding Platydoras. The striped catfish is omnivorous and unpretentious to the stern. In the wild, they feed on mollusks, crustaceans and detritus. These catfish are benthophagous and feed on everything that reaches the bottom. Feed them need daily. Since Platydoras armatulus is nocturnal, the time to turn off the aquarium lighting is a good time to feed. But be careful, do not overfeed catfish! There are cases when the fish died from overeating. The diet, mainly, should contain protein foods, as well as the vegetable component.

Somik with pleasure eat and live moths, earthworms, pipemaker. Since they eat everything that they find at the bottom, frozen food and flakes that have sunk to the bottom will fit them.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Platydoras Compatibility

Peaceable, gets on with any kind of aquarium fish. They are great for multi-species aquariums and are very friendly to their neighbors of medium and large sizes. However, small fish will be perceived as food. Due to the strong armor on the body, representatives of this species are settled with large aggressive fish. South American Central American cichlids, large tetras and other haracin, cyprinids, gourami and other anabontis, gambusian and other somas that do not have a heightened sense of territoriality are perfect as neighbors. Soms can be kept alone or in a group. With group maintenance, individuals will manifest territorial behavior, therefore clashes between members of the group are inevitable, but they will not cause any damage to each other. In consequence, they will even begin to share their shelters with each other. In the wild, Platydoras gather in flocks for protection. See also article "Compatibility of aquarium fish".

Sexual dimorphism and reproduction of plateidoras

If you look at the fish from above, it is noticeable that mature females are thicker than males. In captivity, striped catfish are bred very rarely. It is a spawning fish, but it is bred for sale by hormonal injections. There are only isolated cases of successful spawning in the aquarium, when the breeders found already swimming fry. In the wild, Platidora females lay their eggs for fertilization in rivers and streams. It is also known that smaller representatives of armored ones are also called nest builders. In an aquarium, they can collect various debris, or find places with leafy litter or pieces of wood and try to hide under them. Then another fish of the same species swallows the "nest", but even this will not be a fact of successful fertilization and subsequent reproduction.

Habitat and history of the striped catfish Plateidoras

Som was described by Valenciennes in 1840. The genus name "Platydoras" in translation from Greek means: platys - smooth, doras - skin. In nature, soma live in South America. They are found in the Amazon Basin in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, as well as in some other Brazilian river basins, in the Rio Orinoco River Basin in Colombia and Venezuela, Rio Essequibo in Guyana, and in the coastal drains of Suriname and French Guiana. For many years, Plateidoras was erroneously called Platydoras costatus, until in 2008 a group of researchers led by Piorsky did not classify. The species Platydoras costatus are individuals with a limited habitat, including a pair of rivers in eastern South America. In turn, the striped catfish Platidoras is distributed throughout South America, inhabits the Amazon and Orinoco river basins, and has been caught for sale for decades. This fish belongs to the catfish "Raphael". There are also two very similar species with a striped color, but living in different places. This is Platydoras costatus and long-nosed plateidoras (Orinocodoras eigenmanni), which has a more elongated face. Another very common type of Raphael is the spotted catfish Agamyxis pectinifrons, which, judging by the name, has a spotted color. Platydoras armatulus lives in reservoirs with stagnant water or a weak current. In streams and wetlands, individuals lurk among tree roots or aquatic vegetation. Somiki feed on shellfish, crustaceans and detritus. They are usually found in areas with soft sand, which are buried in case of danger. The rainy season causes them to migrate to flooded forests, where there is a lot of food. Although these fish are territorial, in nature they gather in flocks for greater security. There is evidence that the young eat the parasites and dead scales on the body of predatory fish. Platidoras fry are bright, striped and very similar to other species of fish-cleaners. Most likely, the striped color is a kind of signal for other fish that not the food approaches them, but the cleaner. The stripes fade with age, and perhaps that is why the desire to clean predators disappears.

Beautiful photos with platydoras

Interesting video about Platydoras

PLATIDORAS CONTENTS DESCRIPTION BREEDING PHOTO COMPATIBILITY

PLATIDORAS DESCRIPTION

Habitat Striped catfish Platydoras (Platydoras armatulus) was first described by Valenciennes in 1840. The genus name "Platydoras" comes from two Greek words: platys = smooth, doras = skin. This species is widely distributed in South America. Individuals are found in the Amazon Basin in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, as well as in some other Brazilian river basins, in the Rio Orinoco River Basin in Colombia and Venezuela, Rio Essequibo in Guyana, and in the coastal drains of Suriname and French Guiana. The species is not listed in the International Red Book.

For many years, Plateidoras was erroneously called Platydoras costatus, until in 2008 a group of researchers led by Piorsky did not classify. The species Platydoras costatus are individuals with a limited habitat, including a pair of rivers in eastern South America. In turn, the striped catfish Platidoras is distributed throughout South America, inhabits the Amazon and Orinoco river basins, and has been caught for sale for decades. This fish belongs to the catfish "Raphael".

There are also two very similar species with a striped color, but living in different places. This is Platydoras costatus and long-nosed plateidoras (Orinocodoras eigenmanni), which has a more elongated face. Another very common type of Raphael is the spotted catfish Agamyxis pectinifrons, which, judging by the name, has a spotted color. Platydoras armatulus lives in reservoirs with stagnant water or a weak current.

In streams and wetlands, individuals lurk among tree roots or aquatic vegetation. Somiki feed on shellfish, crustaceans and detritus. They are usually found in areas with soft sand, which are buried in case of danger. The rainy season causes them to migrate to flooded forests, where there is a lot of food.

Although these fish are territorial, in nature they gather in flocks for greater security. There is evidence that juveniles eat parasites and dead scales on the body of predatory fish, for example, Wolf and Tiger Fish Hoplias cf. Malabaricus. Platidoras fry are bright, striped and very similar to other species of fish-cleaners. Most likely, the striped color is a kind of signal for other fish that not the food approaches them, but the cleaner. The stripes fade with age, and perhaps that is why the desire to clean predators disappears.

Platidoras PHOTO

CONTENT AND CARE

Aquarium size

Counting the necessary space for the life of armored, you need to remember that they grow quite large. So the baby is half the size of a half finger in such a long time.

If, nevertheless, it is decided that the striped catfish settles in the aquarium, then it is necessary to provide a tank with a volume of 100-150 liters to its possession.

It is important to take into account that almost all catfish lead the bottom life, therefore, too high vessels with a small bottom area are not suitable for keeping these species of fish.

It is best to use a cover-equipped rectangular aquarium with a wall height of 35-60 cm and a similar width.

In addition to a large bottom area, such containers have another advantage - most aquarium plants feel good in them.

Water parameters

We can not say that the striped catfish aquarium fad, but there are quite strict requirements for water indicators.

  • the content of oxides of calcium and magnesium (hardness) - 6-15 ° dH;
  • pH (acidity) - 5-7 pH;
  • water temperature - 22-30 ° C.

The most comfortable habitat for catfish is a mild neutral environment without salts, warmed to 26-30 ° C. This is not surprising, because in their homeland in South America the rivers are filled by rains and melting mountain snow.

However, a huge part of tropical fish sold in Russia was bred and raised by domestic aquarists.

These individuals are better adapted to local realities, feel well in fairly tough and acidic water and are not afraid of short-term hypothermia.

But the presence of aeration, filtration and the creation of a small bottom stream will significantly improve the health of the fish. Do not forget to replace 25-30% of the water in the tank once a week.

Platidoras PHOTO

The composition of the soil and the design of the bottom

In his native element, Platidoras (striped catfish) is used to living on a soft bottom, hiding in the undergrowth, in clutches of muds, or among stones. In the aquarium it is necessary to try to create similar conditions, so the ground should be with a small structure. For this, a layer of small round gravel or sand will suit 5-10 cm.

The presence of abundant vegetation, snags and hidden places is also important. Som prefers to be at the very bottom, but often loves to swim around the aquarium, therefore, it is desirable to have floating dense plants, such as a hornet and an elodea.

Armor are twilight-nocturnal. Too bright lighting makes them unnerving, frightening and forcing them to seek shelter, in the role of which you can use ceramic tubes, pots, artificial caves and grottoes, large stones.

Food and nutrition

The striped catfish is an aquarium glutton that eats both animal feed and plant food.

Due to the tendency to overeating, it is necessary to constantly control the size of his tummy and noticing that he has greatly increased, not to feed the fish for a couple of days.

Feeding is done once a day, before turning off the light.

Platidoras eats the following sinking feeds with great pleasure:

  • live and frozen bloodworm, tube maker, enkhitreus, grindal, cortex, earthworms;
  • small pieces of meat and fish, caviar of other fish, various crustaceans;
  • специальные таблетированные, гранулированные корма, хлопья;
  • кусочки кабачков и огурцов, шпинат, листья салата и морские водоросли.

Важно, чтобы белковая составляющая рациона была в 3-4 раза больше, чем объём растительных компонентов. На поиски еды полосатый сомик выходит с наступлением сумерек и остаётся активным всю ночь. Корм рыбка подбирает со дна или ищет его, разрыхляя грунт, чем помогает поддерживать чистоту в аквариуме и улучшает аэрацию субстрата.

платидорас ФОТО

СОВМЕСТИМОСТЬ

Совместимость сомов платидорасов

Raphael striped catfish peace-loving bottom dwellers. They are great for multi-species aquariums and are very friendly to their neighbors of medium and large sizes. However, small fish will be perceived as food. Due to the strong armor on the body, representatives of the species Platydoras armatulus are also settled with large aggressive fish.

As neighbors, South American and Central American cichlids, large tetras and other haracin, cyprinid, gourami and other anabontis, gambusian and other soma, which do not have a heightened sense of territoriality, are perfect. Soms can be kept alone or in a group.

With group maintenance, individuals will manifest territorial behavior, therefore clashes between members of the group are inevitable, but they will not cause any damage to each other. In consequence, they will even begin to share their shelters with each other. In the wild, Platydoras armatulus specimens congregate for protection. Males and females If you look at the fish from above, it is noticeable that mature females are thicker than males.

Reproduction

Reproduction of singing catfish In captivity, a striped catfish is bred very rarely. It is a spawning fish, but it is bred for sale by hormonal injections. There are only isolated cases of successful spawning in the aquarium, when the breeders found already swimming fry.

Also, a pair of successful breeding cases recorded in very large aquariums, but it turned out to be very difficult and very little information about the process. Whitebait catfish platydoros (© Joel Rahkonen) In the wild, Platidoras lay eggs for fertilization in rivers and streams. It is also known that smaller representatives of Bronyakovs are also called nest builders.

In the aquarium, they can collect various debris, or find places with leafy litter or pieces of wood and try to hide under them. Then another fish of the same species swallows the "nest", but even this will not be a fact of successful fertilization and subsequent reproduction.

video

The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.

NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.

Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree. Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish

COMET

Beautiful fish "in the soul" remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up water and dig out plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name of aquarium fish-COMET

Ancistrus

Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color - brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts - pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name of aquarium fish - ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER - one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a "sword". They are also known for eating algae and snails.

MECHENOSTSY-Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 25 °; pH 7 - 8

Corridor

Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium - buy a corridor.

CORRIDORName of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish - thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN-Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs - for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular. Size in the aquarium - up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS-The name of aquarium fish

SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED - peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years. It eats algae of almost all types and even Vietnamese.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 4 - 20 °; pH 6.5 - 7

AlgaeName of aquarium fish

DISKUS - the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 - 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 - 6

DISKUS-Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI - the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat - North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 - 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

GUPPI-Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

AKULIY BALA-Name of aquarium fish

COCK - betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 - 28 ° С; dH 5 - 15 °; pH 6 - 8

COCK-Name of aquarium fish

GURAMI - peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 10 °; pH 6.5 - 7

GURAMI-Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color - a black body with longitudinal white stripes. Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO-Name of aquarium fish

Telescope

Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters. Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail. The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

MollensiaName of aquarium fish

Pecilia

Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus - petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches. Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish

Macropod

Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude. It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD-Name of aquarium fish

NEON - mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 - 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 - 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY - angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 - 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 - 27 ° С; dH 6 - 15 °; pH 6.5 - 7.5

SCALARIUMName of aquarium fish

Tetra

The tetra fish like when there are a lot of live plants in the aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

Tetra-Name of aquarium fish

Ternesia

Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color - black and silver, in black vertical stripes. The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA-Name of aquarium fish

Iridescents

The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

Rainbows-Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS - large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 - 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

ASTROTONUSName of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE - bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 - 25 ° С; dH 4 - 18 °; pH 6 - 7.5

FISH KNIFEName of aquarium fish

Coral reef & 3 HOURS Relax Music HD 1080p

A beautiful aquarium on 4 thousand liters of video HD

Predatory fish aquarium with photo, name and links


Predatory aquarium fish

Quote: "Who wants to live - he must fight. And who does not want to resist in this world
the eternal struggle, he has no right to life. "

Dear reader, this article is devoted to predators of the freshwater aquarium. On the Internet, there are a lot of tales about this issue, to the extent that the Angelfish are ferocious predators of the aquarium.

Therefore, before you lay out our selection of predatory fish, let's determine with you in terms.

All animals can be divided into predators and herbivores:

Predatory - These are those who eat only meat.

HORROWAYS - These are those who eat only plants.

Now it is worth noting the fact that in nature it is very rare to find a PREGNANT ANIMAL, which feeds exclusively on meat. For example, cats! Cats are predators, but all happy owners of Barsik and Murzikov know that their pets love to chew grass and home plants.

The same situation is with the fish. In a huge aquarium kingdom it is very difficult to find a meat-eating fish. Perhaps this is not. I do not renounce, but the diet of all aquarium fish includes both vegetable and animal feed.

From the above we can conclude - Of predatory aquatic fish in the true sense of the word does not exist. Speaking of the predatory nature of fish, the word aggression is most likely appropriate. But with aggression there is its own catchup - after all, even guppies show intraspecific aggression, although they don’t pull on predators at all.

Thus, it is possible to deduce a certain vector of understanding of the phrase: "PRESENT AQUARIUM FISHES" - these are overly aggressive, large, territorial aquarium fish, in the diet, which mainly includes meat food.


SELECTION OF PREDICTIVE AQUARIUM FISHES (with photo and description)
CICHLIDES

Many people know that the family of cichl fishes are for the most part aggressive, territorial fish, especially this statement applies to African cichlids. In some species of cichlids, there is even the most severe intraspecific aggression, which is manifested not only in males in relation to each other, but also between the male and female, for example, as in Labeotrofeus Arevavas. Sometimes it comes to the fact that the joint maintenance of the female and the male becomes simply not possible, since the latter slaughters an individual of the opposite sex to death.


Astronotus

Astronotus - the most popular and common cichlid, having a predatory disposition. Large, aggressive fish, which is best kept in the species aquarium and a pair. Astronotuses are perceived by all small neighbors as food. And with large types of clashes occur constantly. For an adult couple, it’s almost unreal to plant someone.

Fish can reach 35 cm. Astoronthus is the birthplace of the Amazon, the system of the rivers Paraná, Paraguay, Rio Negro. The volume of the aquarium for such tsikhlin need from 300 to 500 liters.

Water parameters: pH 6.0-8.0, temperature 22-28 ° C. Of course, aeration, filtration, and regular water changes (weekly 30%) are necessary. Particular attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp.


CYCHLIDE KNIFE Haplochromis long-nosed

It has a territorial character and is jealous of those who come to its territory. Long-range cichlus rushes to various shiny objects. In clashes with other fish catches the eye, for which he received the nickname "eye eater". These fish in nature are fierce "killers."

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 25-27 ° C, dH 8-20 °, pH 7.5-8.5. aeration, filtration, weekly substitution? parts of fresh water with the same parameters.

PIRANIA

Piranha predators are literally armed to the teeth. Teeth lamellar and sharp as a razor. Piranha's jaws are powerful, an adult can bite a wooden stick as thick as a human finger.

It should be noted that aquarium piranhas lose their natural aggressiveness, while maintaining their formidable appearance. But for some reason people’s fear of this does not disappear.

Piranhas are a great aquarium fish, therefore it is better to keep them with a school of 5-8 fish of the same size and age.

BARRIER SOM

These somas are not just predators, but "fierce killers." In their homeland, in Asia, they exterminate all the fish that are in their reservoir, and when no one is left, they crawl out onto dry land and crawl to the nearest new reservoir behind the “new victim”, while eating on land "insects and small frogs. We must pay tribute - in the aquarium, these somas behave much calmer.

TETRADON

The fish is not livable grumpy character, shows aggression. You can keep a tetradon with large mobile fish. Some authors recommend keeping this fish only in a species aquarium.

For a flock of tetradons you need a large volume of aquarium from 150 liters. Fish leads a twilight lifestyle and is afraid of bright light. Therefore, the aquarium is equipped with a variety of stones, caves, snags and floating plants.

AKANTOFTALMUS

Toward the close of the article, I will give an example that clearly shows the rapacity of any living creature, even the most innocent.

Akantoftalmus - a small loach wormfish. Peaceful harmless inhabitant of the aquarium bottom. But ... in nature, if an acantophthalmos is caught by a medium-sized predator, a sharp spike will cause it to immediately spit out and remember this striped fish. Большие птицы или сомы часто глотают акантофтальмусов целиком. О чем, очень потом жалеют!!! Маленькая рыбка пробивает стенки желудка животного, а иногда и выходит наружу. Обжорливый хищник при этом погибает.

The struggle for life, alas, many forces to be predators and cold-blooded killers. And the world of aquarium fish - this is just a small springboard for fighting for life and procreation.

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


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Striped Mistus - Aquarium Catfish

A little snooty, mischievous and mobile fish ... These are the epithets you can apply if you briefly describe the nature of mystus - a small Asian catfish.

Mistus in nature

This active representative of catfish can be found in the waters of India and Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and in some other South Asian countries. Fish is interesting in that it can inhabit both the fresh waters of rivers or lakes, and the slightly brackish waters of the mouths of rivers that flow into the seas and oceans.

School catfish, whose length in natural conditions reaches 45 cm, are very mobile, playful, often swim belly up among the thickets in the coastal strip.

For this, some species of mystus have been called sommic turncoats. However, there are a lot of names for these fish: som killer whale, mistus Indian, long-eyed, striped and some more names in Latin.

The fact is that so far even many experts confuse individuals of the genus Mystus.

In nature, there are representatives of about 30 species, which under the age of 3-4 months is almost impossible to distinguish. Specific differences appear only in maturing fish.

Asian soma are pronounced predators. During the day, they usually rest in the thickets of aquatic vegetation or among the stones, and with the onset of dusk they go hunting, eating the floating trifle that they come across. In principle, their food is all river (sometimes sea) living creatures, which they are able to swallow.

Description

The striped (or cobalt) mistus, which is most often found in aquariums, has a long spindle-shaped body. The total length from the beginning of the muzzle to the edge of the tail is 16-20 cm.

The abdomen of these fishes is light, pours mother of pearl, the back of the gray-brown light.

From the base of the head to the tail, there are two mother-of-pearl stripes, which gave the name to the species.

The upper lip is decorated with a pair of long whiskers; two pairs of whiskers are slightly shorter than the upper ones. Mustaches are organs of touch that allow small fish to feel confident in the dark, in the dense water jungle.

Eyes of catfish large, bulging. They give the fish a funny and naughty look, especially if the catfish winks.

The dorsal fin is high, transparent and short, consisting of individual sharp rays. The pectoral and ventral fins are small, and the tail, on the contrary, is large, regular V-shaped.

The species was described a long time ago, in the first quarter of the 19th century. The scientific (Latin) name of the species is Mystus tengara.

Gender signs are quite distinct. Females are noticeably fatter than males, in addition, males have a special process called the urogenital papilla.

The average life expectancy of mystus is 5-6 years.


Conditions of detention

The main feature of the content is the need to purchase a large aquarium, from 150 liters or more. It is better if it is stretched out in length, as representatives of Mystus tengara like to play, chasing each other or chasing their neighbors in the aquarium.

It should be remembered that cobalt catfish jumping, so the aquarium cover should close the "jar".

They contain, as a rule, a flock of 3-5 fish.

Asian catfish can not stand loneliness, becoming either incredibly shy, or showing strong aggression.

But the group content is optimal, allowing the fish to feel comfortable in captivity.

The aquarium should be decorated with grottoes, caves, snags, which are places for daytime rest. As for aquatic plants, their soft and soft catfish leaves will constantly bite. It is possible to withstand such a neighborhood of a plant only under the condition that you feed the fish with pieces of plant food (scalded chopped lettuce, for example).

Parameters of aquarium water:

  • temperature in the range from +22 to +27 degrees Celsius;
  • acid-base balance near the neutral mark (pH = 7);
  • water hardness not higher than 24 degrees.

Experts recommend creating a moderate flow in an aquarium, ensuring effective aeration, and weekly reducing the concentration of nitrites and nitrates by changing at least of the total water volume.

The lighting should be muted. This will allow to observe the behavior of your pets during the daytime with pleasure.

Feeding

If it is decided to start a flock of Mystus tengara, then we must not forget that they are predators. Small ornamental fish will inevitably become objects of hunting; they will be gradually eaten, and there is no doubt about it.

Somics can be given a variety of foods:

  • live food (bloodworm or earthworm),
  • frozen, dry food.

They are happy to use commercial pellets or pellets for ornamental catfish.

Leftover food that has settled to the bottom will also be eaten; however, the soil should be siphoned periodically.

Compatibility

Its features are associated with the predatory kind of Asian som. They pursue not only the aquarium trifle, but also larger ornamental fishes that have veiled fins. Somiki, of course, cannot swallow such neighbors, but their fins will be bitten and irreparably damaged. That is why the best option is a species aquarium, the so-called sowing.

However, if such an option is not possible, then, together with the Mistus, you can keep any proportionate fish with low fins. Racing in the aquarium can be observed daily, but it is rather a game without real aggression.

Breeding

The facts of natural reproduction in amateur aquariums are absent. Reproduction by introducing hormonal injections produced in special nurseries. Actually, from there mystus striped and go on sale.

Exotic cobalt catfish are not as popular as they deserve. Possessing some intelligence, they recognize their masters, even allow them to stroke their abdomen, turning their backs down. And do not be surprised if the mischievous striped catfish once winks at you with its big black eyes.

Video about mistus striatum:

Big Fish for Home Aquariums

Large aquarium fish need a spacious settlement in tanks of at least 300-500 liters. There are such big fish that get along with other large fish, and there are those who are better settled separately. They need constant and high-quality care, and they also require much more food than medium-sized fish. What are large-sized aquarium fish suitable for home water?

Arovana Mastamembelus red band. Red-tailed som

Arovana (Latin Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) is a large fish of the Arovanov family. Natural habitat - tropical waters of South America. Nowadays it is popular in amateur aquariums around the world. Inhabits reservoirs with a water temperature not lower than 22 ° C. This is a pelagic species of fish. May live in rivers and lakes, where the concentration of dissolved oxygen is low. The body length of arovan is 90-120 cm. The body weight is 4.5-6 kg. The body is long, flattened on the sides. The scales are large, light, have a silvery shimmer. Dorsal and anal fins narrow and long, almost coincide with the caudal fin. It can jump out of the water at a distance of three meters. This is an omnivorous fish. In the aquarium it feeds on beetles, spiders, crabs, snails, frogs, and plants.

Mastamembelus krasnopolosy (lat. Mastacembelus erythrotaenia) is a large aquarium fish that can be settled only in large tanks with a capacity of at least 300 liters. At the age of the fry, mastacembel is a harmless creature of 5-6 cm in size. But after a few months it will become a 20-centimeter "snake" that can grow up to 50-60 cm in length. Mastazembelus is characterized by interesting behavior - he loves to explore the aquarium and the behavior of his neighbors.

Compatible with large fish that are also mobile. Inside the species there is aggression, so it is often kept alone in aquariums. Over time, can take food from the hands of man. Permissible parameters of the aquatic environment for the content: temperature 25-28 degrees Celsius, acidity 7.0 pH, hardness 5-15o. Requires powerful aeration, filtration and water replacement every 7 days (25% of the total). Females are larger than males; they become sexually mature at the age of 2 years.

Look at how mastazembelus red-striped looks.

Red-tailed Catfish (lat. Phractocephalus hemiliopterus), or Orinok catfish - a large predator, which is best kept in an aquarium with a volume of 500 liters or more. The red-tailed catfish grows quickly, and within a year its length will increase by 50 cm. Then it will grow another 40 cm. The catfish of this species is an avid hunter, who at a young age can destroy aquarium neighbors that fit in his mouth. Such voracious fish are often kept separately from other fish, or with incredibly large fish (Arvanov, astronotus, pseudoplasticists).

Feed the red-tailed catfish is better animal food. After buying a young catfish 6-8 cm in size, he is given food in the bloodworm, squids, shrimps, cod fillets. Later, you can give small fish, raw capelin sliced. Catfish can get used to a person, take food from their hands, allow themselves to be stroked.

Pseudoplastic striped. Shark catfish. Freshwater moray

Striped pseudoplatistoma (lat. Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum) is a large freshwater fish, which is also called “pad-footed catfish”. There are two pairs of antennae on the lower jaw, on the upper jaw - one pair. For the maintenance of fish you need a spacious aquarium with a volume of 500 liters. Psevdoplatistopa striped - predatory fish. The body color is grayish-steel, along it there are black stripes with branches and original patterns. Active at twilight time of the day. Who does such a large pet get on with? It is advisable to settle it alone in a spacious tank. But the aquarium will be needed even more spaciously, and a good neighborhood will turn out only with fish at least one meter in length (striped pseudoplatoma is 150 cm long). The neighbors must have a high body and an active, mobile disposition. These catfish also do not like aggressive fish. They have no scales, soft skin that is easily damaged.

Pangasius Siamese, or shark catfish (lat. Pangasius sutchi) - a large freshwater catfish with a moving nature. The body is a torpedo-shaped, slightly flattened head, the eyes are black and mobile. Superficially resembles a shark. Adult individuals are characterized by a dark color, silver belly. Young catfish along the body have several gray stripes, the color of the whole body is bright silver.

Pangasius are voracious pets who can eat all that is edible. You can give as food insects, worms, fish meat, shrimp, feed with vegetable components, cereals (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal in the form of porridge). But it is important not to overfeed the catfish, and do a fasting day once a week. The length of this fish in nature is 150 cm. Under conditions of an aquarium, it can grow to a length of 20-30 cm. It is unacceptable to settle them in aquariums less than 150 liters, because they need a large space for swimming.

Look at the feeding of large aquarium fish.

Fresh-water moray is a fish with an interesting appearance that can be found not only in saltwater aquariums. It has no paired fins, gills pushed back. Instead of scales - skin, and the face looks very intimidating. Despite its appearance, moray eels are sensitive to environmental conditions and live in the aquarium for only 2 years. In the absence of shelters in the aquarium, a lot of mucus appears on the skin. Body color - gray, dirty brick, rarely albinos.

Muren can be kept in fresh water, but if their health deteriorates, it is better to salt the water with sea salt with a concentration of 5 ppm and higher. Allowed water temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius. In the aquarium should be aeration, high-quality filtration, and enough shelters in the form of caves. The tank should be covered with a lid, and the holes in the devices should be covered with a grid. Body length - 70 cm. Moray eels live with large and non-aggressive fish who love salted water. Can be kept in a species aquarium. You can feed adults with frogs, fish, shrimp 1 time in 7 days, young animals - three times a week.

Platidoras striped: content

Unusual somobraznye fish from the family of armored (sidewalkers) successfully settled down at the bottom of millions of aquariums around the globe. The most original and cute of them is the striped catfish Platidoras, who boasts not only a comical round tummy, an unusual color and sharp prickles, but also the ability to make loud, dissatisfied sounds.

For a comfortable living prickly "grumbler" in the home water reservoir it is necessary to create optimal conditions for the content, focusing on the correct selection of the main factors and parameters of the habitat:

  • free space;
  • indicators and composition of water;
  • the presence of soil, plants and places for shelter;
  • balanced diet;
  • compatibility with other hydrobionts.

If all the nuances of the content are taken into account, the catfish can grow up to 15 cm, live for more than 10 years and even give birth.

Aquarium size

Counting the necessary space for the life of armored, you need to remember that they grow quite large. So the baby is half the size of a half finger in such a long time.

If, nevertheless, it is decided that the striped catfish settles in the aquarium, then it is necessary to provide a tank with a volume of 100-150 liters to its possession.

It is important to take into account that almost all catfish lead the bottom life, therefore, too high vessels with a small bottom area are not suitable for keeping these species of fish.

It is best to use a cover-equipped rectangular aquarium with a wall height of 35-60 cm and a similar width.

Water parameters

We can not say that the striped catfish aquarium fad, but there are quite strict requirements for water indicators.

  • the content of oxides of calcium and magnesium (hardness) - 6-15 ° dH;
  • pH (acidity) - 5-7 pH;
  • water temperature - 22-30 ° C.

The most comfortable habitat for catfish is a mild neutral environment without salts, warmed to 26-30 ° C. This is not surprising, because in their homeland in South America the rivers are filled by rains and melting mountain snow.

However, a huge part of tropical fish sold in Russia was bred and raised by domestic aquarists.

But the presence of aeration, filtration and the creation of a small bottom stream will significantly improve the health of the fish. Do not forget to replace 25-30% of the water in the tank once a week.


The composition of the soil and the design of the bottom

In his native element, Platidoras (striped catfish) is used to living on a soft bottom, hiding in the undergrowth, in clutches of muds, or among stones. In the aquarium it is necessary to try to create similar conditions, so the ground should be with a small structure. For this, a layer of small round gravel or sand will suit 5-10 cm.

The presence of abundant vegetation, snags and hidden places is also important. Som prefers to be at the very bottom, but often loves to swim around the aquarium, therefore, it is desirable to have floating dense plants, such as a hornet and an elodea.

Armor are twilight-nocturnal. Too bright lighting makes them unnerving, frightening and forcing them to seek shelter, in the role of which you can use ceramic tubes, pots, artificial caves and grottoes, large stones.

Food and nutrition

The striped catfish is an aquarium glutton that eats both animal feed and plant food. Feeding is done once a day, before turning off the light.

Platidoras eats the following sinking feeds with great pleasure:

  • live and frozen bloodworm, tube maker, enkhitreus, grindal, cortex, earthworms;
  • small pieces of meat and fish, caviar of other fish, various crustaceans;
  • special tableted, granulated feed, flakes;
  • pieces of zucchini and cucumbers, spinach, lettuce and seaweed.

It is important that the protein component of the diet was 3-4 times larger than the volume of vegetable components. In search of food, the striped catfish goes out after dusk and remains active all night. Fish feed picks up from the bottom or searches for it, loosening the soil, which helps to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium and improves substrate aeration.

Compatibility and livable

Fry and small fish several centimeters long are perceived by the striped catfish aquarium delicacy and will be surely eaten as soon as possible.

The situation can be saved only by the presence of extensive dense thickets of tall or floating plants, in which small fish can safely hide.

With specimens larger catfish behaves peacefully and does not offend them.

Good neighbors for living together with Platidoras will be

  • Cichlids
  • Goldfish,
  • Angelfish,
  • large gourami and barbusy.

The striped catfish carefully protects its territory.

Reproduction of Platidoras

Puberty striped catfish occurs by 2 years. Разводить их в домашних условиях чрезвычайно трудно, для этого применяются гонадотропные инъекции.

Нерест происходит в отдельной затенённой ёмкости объёмом от 100 литров, в которой налажена усиленная аэрация, фильтрация и создано небольшое течение. Вода в аквариум заливается на высоту столба 20 см и должна быть мягкой (6-7°dH), прогретой до 27-30°С.

In the spawning room, shelters and a large number of small floating plants, such as reachy, are needed so that Platytoras can create a spherical nest for caviar. Excited catfish can eat their own eggs, so they should be immediately planted.

The incubation period of caviar lasts up to 3 days, on the fifth day the fry begin to swim and try to eat.

Summing up

Striped catfish refers to hydrobionts with medium complexity of maintenance. The parameters and conditions for comfortable living coincide with the requirements for the maintenance of the majority of "serious" aquarium fish. Therefore, if you run a large aquarium, equipped with mechanisms for filtering, aerating and heating water, and the presence of small schooling fish is not foreseen, then you can safely settle Platydoras in the reservoir. A small fish with a restless character and charming appearance will become a real decoration of the aquarium and bring cheerful confusion to the measured life of its inhabitants.

Striped catfish - mistus

Striped Mystus, Killer whale Indian (Mystus vittatus) is a playful representative of the underwater world. Originally from Asian countries, the habitat is the waters of the rivers of Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka. Prefers fresh waters of streams and lakes, sometimes swims in the bays.

Mistus is a kind and active fish, for which it is very pleasant to watch. He literally arranges races with neighbors in the aquarium, but before you start a mistus, you should familiarize yourself with the conditions of its adaptation.

Description

Mistus reaches 20-25 cm in length, has a slightly elongated body, elongated torso. On the big head with large eyes there is a cute mustache, three pairs. Behind the dorsal fin there is a small fatty fin. The body is colored pinkish-yellow, shimmering with a blue-violet hue. On the sides of the body there are several horizontal stripes of dark color, on the gill covers - black spots. Fry have a silvery color.


The difference between the female and male is visible after 3 months of life: the female has a full white abdomen and is larger in itself. The male has a urogenital papilla, a special process that is visible after the third month of life.

Mistus striped is calm and cocky. He likes to actively play in the aquarium with other fish, especially at night. It prefers places where there are a lot of grottoes, logs, plants. Sometimes in pursuit of teasing their comrades, figuring out with them the relationship. Mistus is a predator, so he quickly eats small fish. Also, Indian catfish can gnaw young leaves of aquarium plants, so familiarity with plant food should be started as soon as possible.

Watch a video on how to contain the mystus.

How to keep and feed

With a maximum length of 20 cm, the mistus can quickly swim in water, for a spacious place an aquarium of about 120-150 liters is needed (the length is longer than the height). Stones, snags and plants should be laid on the bottom.

Water temperature is preferably 22-28 ° C, pH - 6.0-7.4, water hardness - up to 5-25 dH. Good aeration and moderate to strong flow are needed. Recommended dimmed lighting. Water can be changed 1 time in 2 weeks, or replace 25% of the water weekly, not forgetting aeration and filtration. Mistus loves the lower layers of water, so it must be crystal clear. In favorable conditions, Mistus lives five years.


The diet consists of live and frozen dry food, sometimes eats what other inhabitants of the aquarium left undernourished. He likes salad, oatmeal, worms. After itself does not leave a single gram of food, eating it from the bottom of the aquarium.

Neighbors

Mistus tend to geographically agressive behavior, so it is better to colonize several individuals in the aquarium. Their neighbors may become larger fish. Catfish have a very big mouth to swallow such small fish as danios and neons. They will also chase fish with veil fins, plucking fins.

Look at the striped catfish in the aquarium.

Breeding

Reaching a length of 10-12 cm, Mistus becomes sexually mature. In the general aquarium, the male and the female breed very rarely, therefore, the appearance of offspring is possible with the help of pituitary injections. Unfortunately, in captivity they almost do not multiply, but there are isolated cases.

Mystus easily breed in spawning with active aeration (the female can throw up to 500 eggs). Fry develop rapidly, from the first days of their life their main food is micro-plankton. It is advisable to sort them by size so that they do not eat each other.


Unusual and interesting on the behavior of Indian som perfectly adapts to the aquarium, in contact with all its residents. You can touch it at night when it floats belly up on the surface. Turning on the light in the room, he will instantly hide in the shelter. Watching him is always a joy!

School aquarium fish: types and brief description

There are aquarian inhabitants who feel great and look great in pairs or even in one copy. And there are those who are better to keep in groups. Packs can be simple, in which all the fish are equal and the leader, depending on the situation, can be any, or hierarchical with a permanent leader and participants who clearly know their place. The pack has its own advantages: the fish are better protected from enemies, it is more convenient for them to eat, they are less nervous and, finally, they look very advantageous. Let's briefly consider the main types of schooling aquarium fish, for convenience, arranged in alphabetical order.

Barbusses

  • Sumatran

This species is most common among others. Recognize Sumatrans easy. Outwardly, they resemble the crucian. Very mobile. Grow up to 4-6 cm. The body is quite tall and short. On a yellowish or silver background, four black stripes, the first passes through the eye, the latter is located at the tail. The brightness of the color depends on the background of the soil. Live 3-4 years. An aquarium for them needs at least 50 liters. The optimal size of the pack is 6-8 pieces.

  • Barbus Schubert

In nature, this species is not found. For the first time it was brought out and described by the American Tom Schubert. In popularity, these barbs are not far behind the previous ones. They have a beautiful golden color with a lemon, red or orange tint. A greenish strip with dark specks crosses the body along the body. Fishes are peaceful, livable and active. They need an aquarium of 100 liters, better extended in length. The optimal group of 10 individuals.

  • Cherry barbus

His homeland is considered the island of Sri Lanka in southeast Asia. Reservoirs where it can be found, have standing or slowly flowing water and a lot of silt at the bottom. Europe saw these fish in 1936, and the USSR only in 1959. Their five-centimeter body is elongated, and the back is arched. The color is greenish brown, the sides are crimson-red or yellowish with a longitudinal dark stripe. The fins are red or transparent. The iris of the eye in the upper part has a spectacular red stripe. There is a pair of antennae. By nature calm, but a little shy. Contain them in a flock of 6 individuals.

  • Barbus denison

Otherwise, it is also called the red comet. Homeland fish - South India. In reservoirs habitual for these barbs, there is a rocky bottom, a lot of plants and oxygen. Denison are very beautiful, but also quite demanding of conditions. Their body is long, resembles a torpedo. Its length reaches 9-11 cm. The color is bright, on a silver background there are two contrasting bands on each side: one is black long and the second is red short. On the tail there are yellow and black lines. Kaemka dorsal fin alay. They live about five years. They need at least a 200-liter aquarium. The number of groups of at least 7 individuals.

  • Barbus shark

Shark it is called for size, body shape and high fin on the back. The character of this barb is peaceful and even mild and fearful. These "sharks" are natives of southeast Asia and Thailand, inhabiting fast-flowing rivers and streams. Their bodies are oblong, up to 35 cm in length. The eyes are large. The color is silvery, darker on the back. Fins and tail are white-yellow with black edging. It is better to keep in a group of at least 5 individuals.

  • Barbus oligolepis

It is also called the island barbel. These are bright, five-centimeter small fish with big eyes and two pairs of antennae. The body is greenish-silver with large scales. The back is darker than the belly. Each scale has a black spot. Together they form an original chess pattern. Males have fins red with black edging, while females are transparent. Fish are recommended to be settled in a group of at least 6-8 individuals. Even a small aquarium of 25-30 liters will suit these babies.

  • Barbus Butterfly (moth)

These crumbs do not grow more than 3-3.5 cm. They have a long yellow or brownish little body with a dark back and a light belly. The sides are decorated with dark spots. All fins are yellow, and the dorsal and caudal borders are additionally framed by a black edging. In an aquarium with a front wall length of 1 meter, you can contain from 10 to 20 of these babies.

In addition to the types of barbs considered, there are also black, green, alloplavnichkovye, fiery, etc. All of them are also flocks, but are less common now, so we will not dwell on them.

Cichl family

  • Bolivian butterfly

In nature, it can be found in South America in the Orinoco River Basin. These are bright 8-centimeter small fishes with a high body and a large head. The background of the body is grayish-olive. The spot on the side, the upper parts of the rays of the dorsal fin and the oblique strip passing through the eye are black. The edges of the median fins are edged in red. Males are larger, brighter, have elongated fins on the back and near the tail. The nature of butterflies is peaceful. Plants they do not spoil. In a 70 l aquarium, you can comfortably arrange a flock of 8-10 fish.

  • Discus

In nature, lives in Brazil and South America. Very calm and leisurely fish with a fancy disc-shaped body shape. The head and mouth are small. Eyes bulging, iris red. They grow up to 15 cm. A lot of their color variations were derived using selection. Keep better in a large, deep species aquarium with warm water.

  • Lamprologus

These fish have interesting habits, a way of breeding, caring for offspring, and also they are unpretentious and do not spoil the plants. Their whole life is closely connected with the shells of mollusks, where they find shelter in case of danger and lay their eggs during the breeding season. Bright appearance, they can not boast. Depending on the type, sizes vary from 2 to 10 cm. It is recommended to keep 8-10 pieces in a 90-120-liter aquarium.

  • Motley parrot

These are medium-sized fish (approximately 10 cm) with a powerful elongated body and variegated color. On the silver-yellowish with a purple tint torso is a long longitudinal band. The anal fin has a large bright red spot. The fin on the back is dark gray with a silver border. The upper part of the tail is pink with a pair of dark spots, and the lower part is grayish-purple. Fins on the abdomen red. In a 100-liter aquarium, you can comfortably accommodate 8-9 parrots.

  • Scalar vulgaris

Very beautiful and elegant fish, sometimes called "angel fish". It is optimal to contain in the amount of 4-6 pieces in the aquarium at least 40 liters. It can grow up to 15 cm. It has a diamond-shaped body, whose height exceeds the length. Abdominal fins are filiform. On the back and near the tail, they are distinguished by a large width, length and perpendicular to the body. At the tail, the extreme rays are elongated. The classic color is silver-white with four transverse stripes in black. But there are also artificially derived variations: white, gold, leopard, marble and others. There is also a veil form.

  • Frontosis

No wonder she is called the queen of Tanganyika. The impressive size (up to 35 cm) and the original color (alternation of white, blue and black stripes) will not leave it invisible even among other bright fish. You can keep a group of 4 individuals, but better from 8-12, and in the species aquarium. The capacity required is huge and spacious.

  • Tsiprikhromis

His homeland is Lake Tanganyika. It grows up to 11 cm. Coloring can vary greatly. Males are most often of a honey tint with bluish neon inlays and bright fins (blue, turquoise, blue, striped). Body and head elongated. Very small scales. Crescent-shaped tail. Fins on the back and abdomen long, rounded. For flocks need an aquarium from 150 liters with a front wall of at least 1 meter.


Luciferous

  • Danio rerio

This is a small (5-6 cm) graceful fish. Very peaceful and unpretentious. Contain groups of 5-6 pieces. This number fits perfectly even in a five-liter aquarium. The main thing is to exceed its height. The body of the fish is narrow with the original striped color: the longitudinal yellow (sometimes with green) stripes alternate with blue-black. This drawing captures the entire body, including the fins. There is a veil form.

  • Cardinal

These 2.5-3-centimeter kids are absolutely unpretentious. They do not need a large aquarium. They are well tolerated being in cold water, so in the summer they can be kept even in a private pond in the yard. Add to this that they are non-aggressive, easy to breed and have a bright color. It is recommended to keep flocks of 6 pieces.

  • Carnegiella

The distinctive features of this fish are the shape of the body that resembles an ax, which is why it was called a tongue-and-tongue. As well as the original way of feeding: the fish jumps high out of the water for prey, using fins like wings. Pretty shy. Feel better in a group of 6 or more fish.

Characteristic

  • Bricin dlinnoplavnichkovy

It has a long and flattened laterally body, the shape resembling an ellipse. Its length is not more than 12 cm. The tail consists of two blades. There is a fat fin. The back is gray-brown, the sides are olive or yellow-green, and the belly is pinkish. On a tail stalk and a tail a black strip. The iris of the eye is red and shiny above. The fins of some individuals are grayish-yellow, others are reddish. The nature of the fish is peaceful, timid. They move a lot and are very jumping. Contain a flock in an aquarium with a front wall length of at least 1 meter.

  • Neon

They are schooling, peace-loving, mobile and shy small (up to 3.5-4 cm) fish. Contain a group of 10 individuals. Categorically you can not sit down them to large fish, as defenseless neons will be eaten. There are several varieties of them:

  • Blue or ordinary. The back is dark olive, under it is a bright blue neon band across the whole body, even lower - red from the middle to the tail, the bottom is silver-white. All fins are colorless.
  • Green or catholic. Greenish-silver fish with olive back and whitish belly. The side line is duplicated by a greenish stripe. At the base of the tail is a dark spot, and above it is a golden "flashlight". Fins do not have color. Anal rimmed with white.
  • Red. It looks like neon ordinary, but the bottom of the body is red.
  • Metinnis

A native of South America. A little shy and herbivorous. In nature it grows up to 15 cm, in captivity it is somewhat less. It is better to keep in a specific aquarium with a group of 6 pieces. Volume not less than 200 l.

  • Petitella geography

This representative of the family of Haracinaids in nature can be found in the upper reaches of the Amazon River. She is slim, painted in silver color. The back has a bluish tint, and the head is reddish. The tail is white with three black stripes. Other fins of females are transparent, while males are red. The maximum size of fish is 5-6 cm. In a 50-liter aquarium, 7-9 fish can be kept.

  • Ternesia

Very beautiful fish. Her body is tall and flat, silver. It grows up to 5 cm. A pair of vertical dark stripes on the body, as well as a wide black anal fin, resembling a skirt, are considered distinctive features of a thorn. The fin on the back is also black, and the others are colorless. In addition to this classic form, there is also a voileus, albino and artificially colored "caramel". The minimum amount for the content - 7 pieces.

  • Tetra

There are a lot of species of this fish. Dimensions range from 2 to 7 cm. The shape of the body also varies from elongated to almost diamond-shaped. What to say about the variety of colors! The most popular representatives of this species are:

  • Golden Color gold. The head and tail have bright spots. The side line is dark green.
  • Copper or Hasemania. The body is copper. The side line is silver. The tips of the fins are milky.
  • Royal or Palmer. Brown or olive back. Yellowish white belly. Dark stripe along the body. Fins are translucent pointed.

There are many others: background Rio, flashlight, firefly, rhodostomus, Colombian, mirror and others. For all recommended schooling content of 10-12 pieces. Alone, these fish become aggressive and annoying.

  • Minor

His second name is red or bloody tetra. It was imported from Brazil and Paraguay. The body is slim. Appearance is quite memorable. The upper part of the body is olive brown with green tint, the bottom is bright red. A dark band passes along the body. Gill covers and dorsal fin may have small specks. The fins are red, there may be a white rim on the dorsal. A distinctive feature of the species is a quadrangular standing fin on the back, often elongated. Its base has no scales. They contain a flock in a specific or general aquarium.

Other species

  • Bedotsiya

In nature, inhabits the waters of the island of Madagascar. Her body is elegant, long, oblong with a small head and a forked dorsal fin. The eyes are large. Окраска бывает серебристая либо оливково-желтая с сиреневатым отблеском и продольной черной полосой. Самцы намного ярче и их плавники ярко-красные, в то время как у самок они цвета не имеют. Длина рыбок в среднем 12 см. Лучше всего держать их по 8-10 штук в видовом аквариуме с тропическими условиями. Объем "посудины" для такой стаи не менее 100 литров.

  • Боция-клоун

Ее родина - это юго-восток Азии, Индонезии (Борнео, Суматра). Это очень красивые, активные и довольно крупные рыбки (20-25 см). Considered long-lived. In the aquarium can live up to 20 years with good care. Keeping them alone is not possible, because they die outside the pack. The body of the clowns is long, flattened from the sides. Mouth downwards has 4 pairs of antennae. Under the eyes there are thorns that protect the fighting from enemies. The main body background is yellow-orange. Three broad black lines are clearly visible: through the eye, in front of the fin on the back and after it. As they grow older, the color of the fish fades slightly. Keep better in a 200-liter (this is the minimum volume) aquarium.

  • Corridor catfish

Everybody knows these small, mobile, cute fish, especially the speckled and golden catfish. They live at the bottom. Constantly in search of food, at the same time cleaning the aquarium. Very easy to maintain, tolerate a wide range of conditions. Feel better surrounded by relatives, and it is more interesting to watch them.

  • Piranha

Mature red-bellied piranhas, which are most often kept in the aquarium by lovers of the exotic, look very impressive. Steel back, silver body and bright red belly, throat and anal fin. Keep them recommend flocks of at least 4 individuals. But we must be prepared for the fact that they have a strict hierarchy and there are cases of cannibalism. They can grow up to 30 cm. So the aquarium will need a very large one.

  • Iris

In the color of these fish there are a variety of colors and their most breathtaking combinations. The fish are especially beautiful in the morning. It is very important to remember that any stress and deterioration of conditions leads to the fact that the fish turns into silver-gray. At the same time you need to keep at least 6 fish together.

  • Rasbora wedge

Mobile, unpretentious, not very large (up to 5 cm), peaceful, beautiful - all this is about them. With a long and rather high body, flattened laterally. The transition to the tail is sharp. The tail itself has a deep notch. The background of the body can be silver with a reddish or pink sheen or golden. A distinctive feature is a large wedge-shaped black spot in the lower part of the body, for which it got its name. On this spot, you can determine the floor. In females, it is blurred, and in males it has sharp angles. It is recommended to keep a large flock of 10-15 individuals in an aquarium of 50 liters.

  • Rainbow Hemigrammopetters

Freshwater fish growing to about 6 cm. The body is long, flat, rather high. The fin on the back is long, crescent. There is a fat fin. The color is transparent, yellowish-gray, cast in green, blue or gold. Fins are yellowish. Along the body passes a dark stripe, bordered by white. The character of peace. Contained a flock in a spacious aquarium.

  • Congo

In captivity they grow up to 8 cm, so an aquarium for a Congo pack needs a spacious one. The males of these fish are bright green with a ribbon-like protrusion on the tail and a dorsal fin in the form of a pigtail. Females are yellowish brown with transparent or yellowish fins. The scales are large.

Summing up

In conclusion, let us give advice: it is better to have fewer different fish, but more specimens of the same species. It is completely undesirable to keep pairs of schooling fish, because they will wither away from stress and will die prematurely or turn into arrogant individualists.

We tried to cover and briefly describe as many schooling fish as possible, but, of course, not all were included in our list, and this is impossible in one article. That's why if you have something to add or share experience, we will be happy.

Long fish like a worm

LONG FISHING AS A WORM

I present to your attention a very interesting inhabitant of an aquarium that looks like a long worm - AKANTOFTALMUS (Acanthophthalmus)!

These serpentine fish are often found in our aquariums and deserve attention, because in addition to the decorative properties and interesting worm-like body structure they perform useful functions in the aquarium.

These fish worms come from Indochina and the islands of Southeast Asia. In the spaces of the former USSR, they appeared in the 70s. Fish have a long striped body whose size can reach 12 centimeters. Thus, acquiring a couple of akantoftalmusov in a year you will get quite good such palm-sized worms)))

Acantoftalmusy - this bottom fish that burrow into the ground or hiding in shelters. They do not like bright light and lead a gloomy way of life. Because of the secretive lifestyle of these worms, you can not see for weeks. And you need to be very careful when you take out the decor from the aquarium (for example, for cleaning), because these whales are carefully hiding in them, they can fall out and stay somewhere on the carpet.

These small worms do not need special feeding, since they are the orderlies of the aquarium world - they clean the soil and eat the rest of the fish food. In this connection, they are not only unpretentious fish, but provide an indispensable service to the hostess, helping in cleaning the aquarium.

The content of wormfish is also not whimsical, here are the parameters for their comfortable existence:

Acanthophthalmus

Order, family: carp-shaped, loachworm.

Comfortable water temperature: 22-30 ° C.

Ph: pH 6.5-7.2.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.

Compatibility: with all kinds of fish.

Aquarium for aquantophthalmos: any, preferably wide.

All akantoftalmus can be divided into types:

Akantoftalmus Kühl

Akantoftalmus Meiser

Acantoftalmum is mottled

Here are the sex differences of wormfish,

On photo male and female aktoftalmusa

It seems to me that the worms acantophthalmos deserve attention, as a novice aquarist, so sophisticated pros. They will bring a variety of shapes to your aquarium world.


fanfishka.ru

Platidoras striped: maintenance, care and reproduction

For lovers of ornamental fish, Platidoras striped occupies an honorable place. This is a beautiful large catfish with a bright color. He has a peace-loving nature, so many-species aquariums are suitable for him. The fish prefers to live an active life at night, but in comfortable conditions it can “walk” during the day, delighting the owners with its curious temper.

Description

Homeland fish are the waters of South America. Som striped platydoras belongs to the Bronyakovy family, so it is easy to guess that it has a kind of “armor” in the form of rigid plates on the body and head. In addition, on the sides there are spikes, which can be injected. On both sides of the head there are two pairs of dark antennae. No less remarkable and color. From the head to the tail stretch wide bands of black and light color. The older the fish, the less pronounced the pattern. These are big fish. Adults on average reach 15 centimeters, although in the wild they grow to 20. Females, when viewed from above, appear larger and thicker than males. On the external signs of these fish can be confused with the long-nosed catfish. They can be distinguished among themselves according to the length of the muzzle and the fat fin, in the long-nosed one they are more oblong. In good conditions, Platydoras striped lives for about 12 years.

Soma content

This fish is unpretentious and hardy, so it does not require careful care. For catfish it will be enough to change 30% of water once a month. This pet prefers medium hard fluid that will be enriched with oxygen. The volume of the aquarium should be at least 120 liters. The lighting is muffled. If you like to watch the life of the fish at night, you can install an LED lamp that emits a red or moonlight color.

Platytoras striped needs shelter, secluded corners and places for research. For this purpose, clay pots, voids in snags, plastic tubes are suitable. In addition, there must be good sand at the bottom, since in the wild these fish like to dig into it. Due to the fact that they are digging, a light patina may appear on aquarium plants. Somiki are not inclined to eat algae, but small plants can be an exception. If you monitor the status of the aquarium and the quality of food, the probability of the disease of the fish is very small.

Feeding

In nature, striped catfish feed on crustaceans, mollusks, detritus, as well as everything that falls to the bottom, so we can say that they are omnivorous fish. In the main diet, fish should have protein foods with the addition of herbal ingredients. This may be granulated feed (which settles) along with ice cream crank. Somics also like earthworms, ducts and even live moths.

Feeding should be daily, but at the same time you need to control the amount of feed. It is known that som Platydoras striped is prone to overeating. There were cases when they died from excessive food consumption. The best feeding time is the time before turning off the light in the aquarium.

Breeding

There are many fish that can be successfully bred at home, but this does not include Platydras striped. The reproduction of these catfish for sale is done with the help of hormonal injections, but naturally, even in large aquariums, this happens very rarely. There is very little information on this process, since most often when the spawning was successful, the breeders found fry that were already swimming.

For spawning, it is necessary to prepare a separate aquarium in which temperature (270), acidity (up to 7 pH), hardness (up to 60) and water level (20 cm) are controlled. Also launched floating plants. In addition, it is important to keep the producers apart and feed them with live food before spawning. The nest of leaves should build a male. The female lays about three hundred eggs. But for spawning, it is necessary to use a pituitary suspension. After this process, manufacturers are evicted. The incubation period is 72 hours. On the fifth day, the larvae begin to swim. Juveniles are fed lively dust, micro-cages. Growth lasts a long time.

Compatibility of the inhabitants of the aquarium

Striped catfish are bottom and peace-loving fish. Regardless of the size of their "neighbors", they treat them well. But there is a danger that catfish will regard the very small fish as food. They can be hooked to aggressive fish, since Platydoras striped has strong armor that will protect. For example, haracin, carp, gambusian, anabontis and catfish that do not have pronounced territorial rivalry are suitable for the neighborhood. You can also share the Central and South American cichlids.

Striped catfish suitable for group and single content. If there are several Plateidorians living in an aquarium, they may show territorial enmity, and skirmishes will occur from time to time. But do not be afraid of this, because they will not cause harm to each other. Over time, this behavior may change, and they will be able to dwell in the same shelter, because in nature they often get stuck together.

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