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Barbus photo fish

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Varieties of aquarium barbs

Nowadays, more than 200 types of barbs are known, more than 50 are types of barbs that are bred in home aquariums. Distinctive characteristics of fish: there are no teeth in the jaws, instead of them pharyngeal teeth are developed; cycloid scales; many species have antennae over the upper jaw. There are three kinds of barbs (Barbodes, Capoeta, Puntius). Many aquarian variations come from freshwater bodies of Africa and Southeast Asia.

All species live under the same water conditions: temperature 20-25 ° C, medium hard water and neutral pH. Once a week you need to make a replacement of 20% of water for fresh and infused. Some are schooling barbs, others are loners. This feature depends on the size of the fish: large fish can be calm and peaceful, medium and small are more fearful, so they come into conflicts, and do not like sluggish neighbors in the aquarium.

Large barbs

The barbs, which grow in size 10-40 cm in length, are large. They are recommended to be kept in spacious tanks, preferably from 500 liters. Such fish can live with large catfish, cichlids, freshwater sharks.

Barbus arulius (lat. Barbus arulius) comes from Indian rivers. The size of the wild arulyus is 14 cm, it reaches a size of 10-12 cm in length in an aquarium. The color of scales in males is bright, there are braided growths on their dorsal fins. Aroulius is not a very prolific fish, the female brings less than a hundred eggs during spawning. Failed breeding is a consequence of the close spawning and timidity of the producers themselves.

Barbus clown, or Everett (lat. Barbus everetti) - originally from Singapore. The males of the species are characterized by bright body color. The nature of a peace-loving, slow. The body length is 12 cm. They prefer warm water: 25-28 ° C. It is better to spawn in soft water. Before spawning, the producers are deposited separately on each other for almost 2 years, feeding them with live and vegetable foods. Unsuccessful breeding is also associated with insufficient capacity of the spawning. Males of this species become mature late - at 1.5-2 years.

Red-cheeked barbus (lat. Barbus orphoides) - originally from Thailand and Indonesia. Fish of this species are found in rivers, lakes and standing bodies of water. The body length is 25 cm. In the aquarium, they get along well with other large, peaceful fishes. Young red-cheeked barbs have dark spots on their tail fin. In the aquarium, they practically do not breed, breeding takes place on fish farms and in artificial ponds. Subject to infection with internal parasites, so before settling in the general aquarium, you need to spend 2-3 week quarantine, using prophylactic preparations.

Look at what a red-barred barb looks like.

Barbus Schwanenfeld (lat. Barbus schwanenfeldi) is from Indonesia. It is an omnivorous species, but in order to maintain the metallic color of scales, it is necessary to feed with carotenoids. The length of the body is 35-40 cm. Cultivation in an aquarium is impossible. Before landing in a common tank, the fish is also put on quarantine.

Average barbs

Body sizes of medium species are from 4 to 10 cm. Types of medium sizes are characterized by bright color of scales, mobile and territorial character. Many can be kept in aquariums with a capacity of 100 liters or more.

Sumatran Barbus (lat. Barbus tetrazona) comes from the slow flowing rivers of Indonesia and Fr. Sumatra. The color of the body is different "striped" pattern - on a yellow background there are four vertical stripes. The fins are dark with pink edging. There are breeds of Sumatran barbs. The size of the fish in an aquarium is 5 cm. It is recommended to keep 6-8 individuals in a flock to avoid conflicts.

Barbus black, black diamond (lat. Puntius nigrofasciatus) - fish originally from about. Sri Lanka. Body length - 6 cm. The body is tall, rounded, flattened on the sides. Above the upper jaw mustache absent. Juveniles look like Sumatran barbus, with age the bands fade and leave the body. Males are beautifully painted during the spawning period - the front part of the body becomes bright red and the back has an emerald sheen. Dorsal fin black. The color of the scales of females is not so bright, however, the stripes on the body remain until the end of life.

Watch a pair of black barbs.

The fire barbus (lat. Puntius conchonius) is a beautiful fish with an olive-green back and a yellow-red belly. Body size: 5-8 cm in length. The body glows with a silvery sheen. The base of the caudal fin has a black speck. In males, the dorsal fin has a black tinge, the other fins are yellow. During spawning, the males acquire a bright red body color, the fin on the back becomes orange with black edging. Females are round and faded, colorless fins.

Small barbs

Cherry Barbus (lat. Barbus titteya) - originally from Sri Lanka. The body is elongated, compressed at the sides. The body size is 4 cm in length, a horizontal dark stripe passes through the body. During the spawning period, the males are painted in bright cherry color, so the fish have this name. The females have a large and rounded body, a yellowish-orange hue, and the back is dark. Fins are red with black edging. The nature of the fish is timid, peaceful.

The five-lane barb or pentazon (lat. Puntius pentazona) is a fish originally from Singapore. It looks like a Sumatran barb, but the body of elongated symmetry is colored brighter. The scales are yellowish-silver, five strips of blue-black tone pass through the body. Above the upper jaw there are 2 pairs of antennae. Body size - 7 cm in length.

Oligolepis (lat. Capoeta oligolepis) is a fish originally from Indonesia. Torso length - 4 cm. The color of the scales is silver-nacreous with 4 black vertical stripes. The eyes are large, above the upper jaw there are two pairs of antennae. In males, the fins have a dark edging, in females they are transparent.

Gracilis (lat. Barboides gracilis) is an endemic of African rivers. Very small fish, 2 cm in length. He lives a little - just a year and a half. The body is oblong, the torso is not pronounced, but immediately passes into the head. The fins and body of the fish are transparent. At the base of the tail there is a large black spot. Fish can be kept in the species aquarium flock.

See also: Barbus green mutant.

Barbus of Sumatran: content, compatibility, photo-video review



Sumatran Barbus tetrazona

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.

Ph: 6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description of Barbus of Sumatran:

Inhabits the waters of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. (native of Sumatra) Sumatran barbus was first introduced to Europe in 1935, and to Russia - 1946.

Sumatran barbs - schooling, very mobile fish. The body of these barbs is high, strongly compressed from the sides. No mustache. The general color is golden-pink, the back is darker with a red tint, the belly is yellowish-white. On the sides are four vertical black stripes. The first passes through the eye, the second behind the pectoral fin, the third behind the dorsal fin and the last at the beginning of the caudal fin. The dorsal fin is black with a bright red border, the other fins are pink or red. Females are larger than males with fuller belly.. The color of the males is brighter, the red color of the fins is more saturated. It should be noted that in nature, Sumatran barb has a more faded color than its aquarium congener. In the aquarium, Sumatran barbs prefer to stay in flocks. Mainly in the middle and lower layers of water. For the maintenance of these fish, it is desirable to have an aquarium densely planted with vegetation (from 50 l) with open swimming areas. The soil is better dark, otherwise the fish get a paler color. A flock of Sumatran barbs in 5 - 10 or more individuals can be kept with other peaceful, but able to stand up for themselves fish. It is important to note that with a small content of 2 - 3 fish, these barbs can show strong aggression both to each other and to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Sumatran barbs do not belong to predators, but if in the aquarium, where they are located, fry of some fish appear, they instantly grab the fry and swallow. At the same time the barbs will not calm down until they catch all the fry. The exceptions are sedentary and voile forms of fish, in which barbs can bite off the ends of the fins. In addition, a flock of Sumatrans moving quickly through an aquarium can cause constant stress and discomfort among other less active inhabitants.

Sumatran barbs unpretentious, a favorable temperature is 21-23 ° C, however, good filtration is necessary in the aquarium, regular water changes (1/4 of the volume once a week) and can be planted with any plants, but it is better to prefer small-leaf plants (cabomba, myriophyllum). If the aquarium does not have an air purge, it is advisable to replace part of the water with fresh water at the same temperature from time to time. Such a replacement of water is very favorable effect on the fish. The fish are less sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water than others. If the fish nevertheless swims upside down at the surface, the water should be replaced immediately.

Sumatran barbs are omnivorous. and eagerly eat any live and artificial food. A feature of this species is the tendency to overeating (the cause of obesity and death of fish). To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the amount of feed and use the rule, it is better not to feed the fish. In addition, it is desirable to include vegetable feed in their diet, for example, lettuce leaves, nettle, dried seaweed, etc.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo the female is the female of the Sumtransky barb and the male

Under normal conditions of detention, especially after replacing part of the water, Sumatran barbs, gathering in a flock, swim briskly in the aquarium. Sometimes, huddled in the shaded corner of the aquarium, the barbus can be in the same position for hours with almost no movement. In this case, the fish is kept in an inclined position, with his head down. This condition is normal for the fish and should not be disturbed. Males have a warlike character and sometimes in the presence of females, fluffing up their fins, enter into a fight with each other: they seek to grab each other by the jaws, push the side surface of the body or pinch the mouth. Usually these fights do not lead to noticeable damage and end with the fact that the fish diverge and again peacefully swim in a flock.

Life expectancy in an aquarium is 4 to 5 years. Breeding becomes possible after the fish reaches the age of 5-9 months.


A beautiful selection of photos of Sumatran barb

A compilation of a video about the Sumatra barb

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, in the aquarium, it is desirable to create a current by aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow quickly. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the characteristics of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

fanfishka.ru

Four Line Barbus: content, compatibility, photo-video review


Barbus four-line Barbus Lineatus

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 23-25 ​​° C.

Ph: 6,5-7,0.

dH: up to 15.

Aggressiveness: aggressive 20%.

Four line barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, catfish, ternets, tetri.

Barbus four-line description:

Homeland - the reservoirs of Malaysia.

Fish size up to 8 cm.

The female, unlike the male, has a fuller belly.

All barbs, including four-line, schooling, mobile fish that hold in all layers of water. To feed not whimsical eat: live dry and substitutes.

Water for breeding: dН up to 6.0 °; pH 6.5; t 26-28 ° C, rich in organic acids and tannins.

Need spawning 10 l. In the center establish a bush of small-leaved plants. Caviar producers throw in the midst of plants and do not eat. the larvae come out in a day. When the fry begin to swim, they should be fed with cyclops nauplii and rotifers. The female lays 300-500 eggs.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Photo with four-bar barbus

Video with the description of the four-line barbus

Who do the barbs get along with?

Barbus - killing fish, representatives of the genus Barbusov. Natural habitat - Africa and Southeast Asia. There are several dozen species of these fish that lead the pack way of life. The average size of small fish is 4-8 cm. Sometimes, endemics caught in natural water bodies can be seen on the market, and they are easily adapted to the home aquarium. Some adults grow large, 12 cm or more in size.

The opinion is widespread, their compatibility in an artificial reservoir is possible with other fishes. Indeed, some aquarists are not afraid to settle them with gourami, guppies, swordtails, and even cichlids. However, the school of barbs is able to intimidate and show aggression towards neighbors, sometimes destroying them physically. Yes, and among themselves they get along not without resistance - these fish are active, nimble and will not miss theirs.

Fish behavior

Barbs growing in length of 10-12 cm are classified as large species. Among them: arulius, Everett, red-cheeked barb, African barbs. Compatibility in the general aquarium is possible with cichlids, freshwater sharks and catfish. Medium and small barbs reach a length of 5-6 cm in the aquarium. These include Sumatran, five-lane, green, ruled, oligolepis barb.

They are united by a cheerful disposition and a high level of activity in the water, so they are recommended for breeding in glass tanks. Get on with other fish of similar size, but not with slow. Snooty character - fish with long and veiled fins pluck, depriving those of a beautiful appearance. For them it is better to choose a spacious rectangular aquarium, where there will be enough space for swimming. Shelters are also important - stones, snags and plants, but in a certain amount - they are not needed much for schooling fish. 6-7 fish should be acquired immediately to avoid stress and conflict situations.

Look at the aquarium with Sumatran barbs in the company with scalar scalar and ordinary.

A signal of unfavorable conditions in an aquarium may indicate a strange position of the fish - when they do not lie at an angle of 45 degrees head down (as during rest), but at a greater angle.

Quickly swim in the pond, are constantly in motion, play among themselves, catch up with each other. They live not very peacefully, they will compete with even aggressive species of fish. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully and carefully choose their neighbors.

Who can live with most barbs?

Before allowing other fish to approach them, it is necessary to check their compatibility in the aquarium. As you know, these teasers are not averse to fighting or pinching their neighbors, it may be fun for them, but for others it is a big fright.

To oppose the barbs, the fish have to gather in large flocks, and the nature of these "competitors" must be strong, not fearful. Only under such conditions can provocations be avoided. Often, barbs of different types are settled in one nursery, so as not to risk unsuccessful sharing.

If you want to pick up the fish on the similarity of color and temperament, avoid the neighborhood with slow-moving fish. For example, Sumatran barbs look good with clown fights - they have a similar scale color and similar habitat.

Proven compatibility between barbs and other species of fish with which they live peacefully, these are small fish:

  • Swordtails;
  • Clowns;
  • Botsia;
  • Pecillia;
  • Gourami;
  • Labeo.

On the behavior of Sumatran barb with neighbors

Sumatran barbs, or tiger - very mobile representatives of the underwater world. Make a perfect neighborhood in the aquarium to those fish that have an active disposition and similar sizes. Compatibility with fish, in which wide void-shaped fins are unacceptable - they bite them. Fish of medium and large sizes are also not always suitable. Gourami, cichlids, telescopes, scalars, and tails are incompatible with them. Restless appetite "tiger" will create problems for a peaceful fish, taking away her food.


Fish that have offspring, will also suffer - their fry will be eaten by the Sumatran "tiger." Even the fish from their flock, they oppress that already talk about strangers. This is a territorial view that considers itself the owner of the reservoir. If the fish has mastered some part of the aquarium, it will not give it to anyone - the enemy will be immediately expelled.

Tiger barbs can not be called very aggressive fish. The described cases are rare, and, as a rule, under the wrong conditions of detention and sharing. They are recommended to be settled in the pond after other fish live there and get comfortable - in this case mutual sympathy and respect for each other will arise.

Is it possible to move the barbs to live-bearing fish?

Fishes of different types require a large space for keeping. When flocks of different species of fish are found in a small aquarium, territorial and personal conflicts begin. Big mistake novice aquarists - sharing the barbs to the peaceful viviparous fish in a small tank.

Look at the Sumatran barbs along with the green labo.

Guppies do not belong to those types of fish that can be hooked to active fish. There were cases when the latter attacked guppies, even an increase in the number of males did not help. We have to settle these species in separate nurseries, saving them life and health.

Do the barbs go up to the swordtails?

Swordtails have large and lush fins, to which the barbs are not indifferent. A big plus of the Sword-bearers is high mobility and activity in the reservoir. A chase may occur, and the barbs will surrender. But in order for the neighborhood to be successful, you should follow several rules:

  1. Do not keep too small aquarium: there should be enough space for everyone in it, be sure to plant water plants in it. Large space will allow barbs to frolic.
  2. Move to the swordtail barbs of different types. This is to prevent aggression. Representatives of different species will begin to sort things out among themselves, without disturbing other fish.
  3. Barbs have no sense of proportion - having bitten a fish once, a predator wakes up in them. They will not lag behind the victim, and may ultimately destroy the creature. This happens when the supposedly active swordtail is calm and slow.
  4. Swordtails will not show aggression to the barbs, if they will have enough food and shelter. Subject to the rules, all fish can cohabit peacefully and without conflict.

More about compatibility

If you have a beautiful and spacious aquarium with gourami, and you decide to share a flock of barbs with them - be careful! The latter are avid hooligans who will literally “get” beautiful fish. Gourami will calmly relate to such a neighborhood, but one cannot say so about barbs. Small species get along with gourami, but large ones can damage their fins, and even destroy. Again, in order to prevent conflicts, a flock of 6 or more individuals should be hooked up immediately, so that the barbs have a showdown of the relationships within the flock. Gourami will only watch the fights and chases. Given this fact, gourami and barbusyat can be neighbors in the same territory.

See also: Breeding features of barbs.

Barbus scarlet content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Barbus scarlet Barbus ticto

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18 to 28 ° C.

Ph: 6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Barbus Scarlet Compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description Barbusv scarlet:

Lives in the waters of India and Sri Lanka. In Europe, was brought in 1903. The scarlet barb got its own name because of the bright coloring of the male during the spawning period. The trunk of the scarlet barb is elongated, oval in shape, squeezed laterally. Antennae absent. The abdomen is light, the side is silver, the back is grayish-green. Near the tail and above the pectoral fin there are dark spots ringed with gold. On the body is visible mesh pattern scales. The scarlet barbus female is larger than the male and is paler colored. Scarlet Barbus - fish calm, gregarious. It is recommended to buy 6-7 fish at once. Get along well with many other species. The exceptions are fish with wide or long fins, in which barbs can bite off the fins. Swim in the middle layers of water. To reveal the full and the brightest color, you should select a dark background of the soil and the back wall of the aquarium, as well as the color of the plants. Mandatory upper light is offset to the front wall of the aquarium. With the content of scarlet barb in the aquarium rarely have problems. This undemanding fish feels good at a temperature of 18 to 28 ° C, the properties of water do not have special significance. For the maintenance of barbs you need a spacious aquarium, not less than 50 liters, with a large space for swimming and shaded places from floating plants. Aeration and filtration of water are needed, as well as its weekly substitution is desirable. Scarlet barb in food consumes live and dry food.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

The hybrid form, derived from the scarlet barb, is considered to be the Odessa barb of a dull greenish-brown color with spotted fins (except the caudal). During spawning in males along the body stretches a bright red stripe. A close view (according to other data, a subspecies) is the barb tikto capital, which has a bright red dorsal fin with black spots.

Scarlet Barbus photo


General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, in the aquarium, it is desirable to create a current by aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow quickly. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the characteristics of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

Popular video with barb scarlet

Barbusses

Barbus - unpretentious and spectacular inhabitants of aquariums

Guest from Sumatra

Sumatran barb

Barbusses are very popular with aquarists around the world because of their unpretentiousness, decoration and liveliness of character. One of the most common inhabitants of aquariums is the Sumatran barb. It belongs to the carp family. Natural habitat - the waters of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia. In Europe, the barbus first appeared in 1935, but Russian aquarists got acquainted with this type of aquarium fish only in 1946.

In nature, the Sumatran or tiger barb reaches 5-6 cm in length, even the record size of this fish was registered - 7 cm in length. But when the aquarium content reaches such sizes, they rarely succeed, as a rule, aquarium barbs do not grow more than 4 cm. Moreover, the size of the females of these fish significantly exceeds the modest dimensions of the males.

For the barbat of Sumatran characteristic common golden-pink color. At the same time, their backs are darker, of a reddish tint, and the belly is colored in yellowish-white tones.On the sides of the body are four, and in some species even five vertical black stripes that pass through the eye and immediately behind the pectoral fin, and also behind the dorsal fin and at the beginning of the fish's tail. The dorsal fin is usually black, fringed with a bright red stripe, the other fins are pink or red.

The males of barbs are much brighter than the females, the red tint on the fins is richer and juicier. I must say that in natural habitat color of the fish of this species is rather pale. Thanks to the breeders of this species of fish can boast a much more diverse and vibrant color.

Types of barbs

mossy barb

In addition to Sumatran, there are many other varieties of barbs. The history of the emergence of some of them is very curious. So, for example, mossy barb was originally considered to be a breed marriage and was mercilessly rejected by barb cultivators. But by chance, several individuals got into the party of fishes going to Europe. And after some time, orders for the supply of mossy representatives were received, and since then their purposeful breeding has begun.

golden barbus

Unpretentiousness, omnivorousness is inherent in all types of barbs, they have similar habits. Distinguished by their diverse color and slight difference in size. For example, a fiery barb grows in an aquarium up to 6-8 cm and has a silver color with an olive-green back, yellowish fins and a round dark spot in the back of the body. But during spawning, it is transformed and acquires a bright red color, the female does not differ in such transformations, during this period she simply becomes fatten.

cherry barb

Very bright and beautiful cherry barb, or tittia. This fish has a small size - its length is only 4–5 cm. The color of males of Titia is dark crimson, scales are covered with gray dots, black and golden stripes stretch along the body, the back is dark, and fins are bright red with black edging. Tittia orange females, dots and stripes are less pronounced.

Another representative is also very interesting - barbus oligolepis. This is a small - up to 5 cm long - bright fish. Possesses one or even two pairs of antennae and large eyes. The main tone of the body covered with large scales is silver-greenish. Black specks at the bases of scales form a beautiful pattern. The back is painted in a darker color, and the abdomen is a light, ocher hue. All the fins of the male are red and have a black edging around the edges. In females fins are transparent.

black barbus

One of the hardiest and unpretentious is the black barbus. This fish is 5-6 cm long, with a pointed head, without a mustache. The body is painted in greyish-yellow color; on this background, three or four broad black stripes with greenish patches between them stand out brightly. The edges of the scales are cast in a greenish color. The head is reddish. During the spawning period, the front part of the body in males changes color to purple-red, the rear part becomes black or greenish. At this time, the bands on the body of the male practically disappear, while the female remains striped. These fish are very hardy, and even when the temperature of the water in the aquarium is low and malnutrition they get sick very rarely.

Content barbs in the aquarium

Caring for the barbs is quite simple. They are not too demanding on the purity of water and to feed. But for normal maintenance, good filtration and regular water changes are necessary. It is desirable to change weekly about a quarter of the volume of the aquarium. The most favorable water temperature for barbs is 21-23 ° C. Fish like thickets, especially they prefer small-leaved plants, such as cabomba or myriophyllum. Although almost all types of barbs, ranging from gold and ending with such a curious representative of these fish, like the mutant barb, are not too sensitive to the composition of the water and the presence of oxygen in it, if you notice that the fish swim at the very surface upside down, this should be for you a signal for urgent water changes.

Do aquarists never have problems than to feed the barbs. All representatives are distinguished by a rare gluttony, and any kind of them - red barb, flaky and all other species - are happy to eat any live or artificial food. But for their benefit, vegetable foods must be included in the diet - lettuce leaves or dried seaweed. The usual behavior of the barbs is very lively, they swim briskly, holding onto the flock. Sometimes one of the fish can be huddled in the corner of the aquarium and hang there upside down for a long time. Do not be afraid of this, this behavior is absolutely normal for this type of fish.

What kind of fish do barbs get along with

Barbus do not belong to predators, but they can not be called very peaceful and friendly fish. They perceive the fry as food, so the youngsters cannot be kept in the aquarium with barbs. It is not necessary to put in a single aquarium and fish with a veil-shaped fins - barbs love to pinch them. Angelfish also do not belong to those fish with whom the barbs live in harmony. There is a difference in temperament.

The barbs are well-known teasers, they often arrange fights inside their pack. Therefore, experts do not recommend keeping numerous groups of these fish in an aquarium. They fight with fish of other breeds. Then with whom can you keep in the same aquarium? It will be better if you choose just several types of barbs, for example, fiery with cherry and barbus striped. If you still want to put in the aquarium and fish of other breeds, the most suitable for this are swordtails, fighters, clown fish, labo, gourami and petilia.

Breeding

The tribe is selected medium sized brightly colored fish without external deformities that grew in a spacious aquarium and on a high quality diverse food. Approximately a decade before spawning, males are isolated from females and fed abundantly. Successful breeding of barbs depends on a number of factors, including the amount of spawning. It should be enough with a capacity of 15-20 liters. This is necessary to make it easier to maintain an adequate level of water quality during spawning, since during this period a significant amount of sexual products are excreted by the fish. Landing for spawning should be carried out 2-3 hours before turning off the light at night. Spawning barbs usually occurs the next morning. Their eggs are very small and transparent. After it becomes clear that the interest of the partners to each other has died away, the producers are sifted out. If spawning does not happen, you can replace the male, be sure to replace the water in the spawning.

If the barbus roe is dead, it will turn white after a few hours. When everything is going well, the next day the larva leaves fertilized eggs and develops for 3-5 days, clinging to the glass of the aquarium or to the leaves of aquatic plants. How long this period will last is highly dependent on the temperature of the water in the spawn. After she swims, it's time to start feeding. Barb fry grow very quickly. After half a month, they already acquire the color of adult fish, and for the onset of puberty, half a year is enough. Some representatives, such as the scarlet barb or "mossy", are somewhat delayed in development.

Typical diseases

The causes of various diseases are often the mistakes of care and feeding, and sometimes even the negligence of the owners. Ailments of barbs have a typical character and are often associated with the tendency of these fish to overeat. The fact is that any representatives of barbs, whether it be a shark barb, a veil or other species of these fish, are extremely voracious, because of which they can gain excessive weight and ache associated with this ailments. However, sometimes their diseases can also be infectious. It is very difficult to diagnose them. Therefore, if you notice the slightest deviation in the behavior of your pets, you should immediately contact a specialist and find out the diagnosis, as well as get recommendations for the treatment of fish.

The most common disease that barbs often suffer from is rubella or aeromonosis. Infection occurs through contact with diseased fish and their secretions. Infection can also be recorded in an aquarium with acquired, but not disinfected, equipment. The duration of the incubation period is 3-5 days. After this, the bodies of the fish are covered with red spots. The disease is also able to manifest itself in the form of abdominal dropsy, either straggling, open ulcers, or elevation of scales. Sometimes it is even possible to observe the destruction of the anal fin in sick fish. An infected fish loses its liveliness, becomes sluggish, the reaction to external stimuli slows down, sick fish gather at the surface of the water. In case of timely treatment, the disease retreats and the fish recover. Sick fish get immunity, but they can themselves become carriers of infection.

Describing the typical diseases of barbs, it is impossible not to mention the whiteness. In this disease, the skin of the fish is affected, as well as the organs responsible for the coordination of movement, and the nervous system. A characteristic symptom of the disease is whitened skin in the region of the dorsal fin, as well as in the area of ​​the tail. Treat fish from this disease bleach. The aquarium is thoroughly disinfected.

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