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"The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish" by A. S. Pushkin. Tale of a goldfish in a new way

Who among us since childhood is not familiar with the "Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish"? Someone read it in childhood, someone first met her when he saw a cartoon on TV. The plot of the work is undoubtedly familiar to everyone. But not many people know how and when this fairy tale was written. It is about the creation, origins and characters of this work, we will talk in our article. And also we will consider modern alterations of a fairy tale.

Who wrote the story about the goldfish and when?

The fairy tale was written by the great Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin in the village of Boldino on October 14, 1833. This period in the work of the writer is called the second Boldino autumn. The work was first published in 1835 in the pages of the Library for Reading magazine. At the same time, Pushkin created another famous work - "The Tale of the Dead Princess and Seven Heroes".

History of creation

Back in early action, A. S. Pushkin became interested in folk art. The tales he had heard in the cradle of his beloved nanny were preserved in his memory for a lifetime. In addition, later, already in the 20s of the 19th century, the poet was studying folk folklore in the village of Mikhailovsky. It was then that he began to appear ideas of future fairy tales.

However, Pushkin turned directly to the folk stories only in the 30s. He began to try himself in the creation of fairy tales. One of them was a fairy tale about a goldfish. In this work, the poet tried to show the nationality of Russian literature.

For whom did A.S. Pushkin write fairy tales?

Pushkin wrote fairy tales in the highest flowering of his work. And initially they were not intended for children, although they immediately entered the circle of their reading. The tale of a goldfish is not just fun for children with morality at the end. This is primarily a sample of creativity, traditions and beliefs of the Russian people.

Nevertheless, the plot of the tale itself is not an exact retelling of folk works. In fact, not much of Russian folklore is reflected in it. Many researchers claim that most of the poet’s tales, including the tale about a goldfish (the text of the work confirms this), were borrowed from German tales collected by the Grimm brothers.

Pushkin chose the plot he liked, reworked it at his discretion, and clothed him in a poetic form, without worrying about how authentic the stories would be. However, the poet managed to convey, if not the plot, then the spirit and character of the Russian people.

Images of the main characters

The tale of a goldfish is not rich in characters - there are only three of them, however, this is enough for a fascinating and instructive plot.

The images of the old man and the old woman are diametrically opposed, and their views on life are completely different. They are both poor, but reflecting different sides of poverty. So, the old man is always disinterested and ready to help in trouble, because he has repeatedly been in the same position and knows what grief is. He is kind and calm, even when he was lucky, he does not use the offer of the fish, but simply releases it.

The old woman, despite the same social situation, is arrogant, cruel and greedy. She pushed around the old man, tormented him, constantly scolding and always displeased with all. For this, she will be punished at the end of the tale, left with a broken trough.

However, the old man does not receive any reward, because he is unable to resist the will of the old woman. For his humility he did not deserve a better life. Here Pushkin describes one of the main features of the Russian people - long-suffering. That it does not allow you to live better and calmer.

The image of the fish is incredibly poetic and imbued with popular wisdom. It acts as a higher power, which for the time being is ready to fulfill desires. However, her patience is not unlimited.

Summary

The tale of an old man and a goldfish begins with a description of the blue sea, on the coast of which an old man and an old woman have been living in a dugout for 33 years. They live very poorly and the only thing that feeds them is the sea.

One day an old man goes fishing. He throws a net twice, but both times he brings only sea mud. For the third time, the old man is lucky - a goldfish falls into his nets. She speaks in a human voice and asks to let her go, promising to fulfill her wish. The old man did not ask anything from the fish, but simply let it go.

Returning home, he told everything to his wife. The old woman began to scold him and told him to go back, to ask the fish for a new trough. The old man went, bowed to the fish, and the old woman received what she asked for.

But that was not enough for her. She demanded a new home. Fish fulfilled this desire. Then the old woman wanted to become a pillar noblewoman. Again the old man went to the fish, and again she fulfilled the desire. The fisherman himself was sent by an evil wife to work at the stable.

But this was not enough. The old woman told her husband to go back to the sea and ask her to make her a queen. This desire has been fulfilled. But this did not satisfy the old woman’s greed. She again called the old man to her place and told her to ask the fish to make her the tsarina of the sea, while she served on her packages.

I gave the fisherman the words of his wife. But the fish didn’t answer, just splashed its tail and swam away to the depths of the sea. For a long time he stood by the sea, waiting for an answer. But the fish no longer appeared, and the old man returned home. And there an old woman waited for him with a trough, sitting by the old dugout.

Plot source

As noted above, the fairy tale about a fisherman and a goldfish has its roots not only in Russian, but also in foreign folklore. So, the plot of this work is often compared with the fairy tale "The Greedy Old Woman", which was part of the collection of the Brothers Grimm. However, this resemblance is very remote. German authors focused all their attention on the moral conclusion - greed is not good enough, you should be able to be content with what you have.

The actions in the fairy tale of the Brothers Grimm also unfold on the seashore, however, instead of a goldfish, the flounder acts as the executor of desires, which later becomes the enchanted prince. Pushkin replaced this image with a goldfish, symbolizing wealth and luck in Russian culture.

Tale of a goldfish in a new way

Today you can find a lot of alterations of this tale in a new way. Characteristic of them is the change of time. That is, from old times the main characters are transferred to the modern world, where there is also a lot of poverty and injustice. The moment of catching a goldfish remains unchanged, like the magic heroine herself. But the desire of the old woman change. Now she needs an Indesit car, new boots, a villa, a Ford. She wants to be a blonde with long legs.

In some alterations, the end of the story also changes. The tale can end with a happy family life of an old man and an old woman who has looked younger by 40 years. However, such an end is the exception rather than the rule. Usually the ending is either close to the original, or tells of the death of an old man or old woman.

findings

Thus, the tale about a goldfish lives to this day and remains relevant. This is confirmed by many of its alterations. The sound of a new way gives her a new life, but the problems laid down by Pushkin, even in the alterations, remain unchanged.

All about the same heroes tell these new options, all the same and greedy old woman, and submissive old man, and a wish-fulfilling fish, which speaks of the incredible skill and talent of Pushkin, who managed to write a work that remains relevant and after almost two centuries.

What is the Tale of the Golden Fish? :: Golden Fish Tale :: Education :: Other

What "The Tale of the Golden Fish"

The tale of the goldfish or, more precisely, the Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish, is written by the great Russian poet and storyteller Alexander Pushkin. It was written in 1833.

Fairy tale plot

The old fisherman lived with his wife at the seashore. Once in the network of an old man comes across a fish is not easy, but gold. She speaks to the fisherman in a human voice and asks to let her go. The old man does this and does not ask for any reward for himself.
Returning to his old hut, he talks about his wife. She scolds her husband and forces him to return to the shore as a result, in order to demand a reward from a wonderful fish - at least a new trough in exchange for the old one, broken. By the sea, an old man is calling for a fish, she appears and advises the fisherman not to be sad, but to go home safely. At home, the old man sees in the old woman a new trough. However, she is still dissatisfied with the fact that there is and demands that the magic of the fish be found more useful.
In the future, the old woman begins to demand more and more and sends the old man to the fish again and again, so that he asks for a new hut as a reward, then the nobility, and then the royal title. The old man every time goes to the blue sea and calls out the fish.
As the old women grow inquiries, the sea becomes darker, more turbulent, and restless.
Fish for the time being fulfills all requests. Having become a queen, the old woman sends the husband's “trick” away from herself, ordering her to be kicked out of her palace, but soon she again demands to bring him to her. She is going to continue to use it as a lever of influence on a goldfish. She no longer wants to be a queen, but wants to be a sea ruler, so that the goldfish herself should serve her and be on her packages. The goldfish did not respond to this request, but silently swam away into the blue sea. Having returned home, the old man found his wife in his old dugout, and in front of her was a broken trough.
By the way, it was thanks to this tale that the popular catch phrase, “to remain at the bottom of the trough”, that is, to end up with nothing, entered the Russian spoken culture.

The origins of the tale

Like most of Pushkin’s fairy tales, “The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish is based on a folklore storyline and contains a certain allegorical meaning. So, it has the same storyline with the Pomeranian tale“ On the Fisherman and His Wife ”as presented by the Brothers Grimm. In addition, some of the motives echo the story of the Russian folk tale "Greedy old woman." However, in this story the magic tree was the source of magic instead of a goldfish.
It is interesting that in the fairy tale presented by the Brothers Grimm, the old woman eventually wished to become a Pope. This can be seen as a hint of papa John, the only woman’s father in history who managed to take this post by deception. In one of the first known editions of the Pushkin's fairy tale, the old woman also asked for her papal tiara and received it before demanding the post of sea ruler. However, this episode was later deleted by the author.

Roxana "Golden Fish" (song author: Sergey Turcan)

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