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Barbus of Sumatran: content, compatibility, photo-video review



Sumatran Barbus tetrazona

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.

Ph: 6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description of Barbus of Sumatran:

Inhabits the waters of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. (native of Sumatra) Sumatran barbus was first introduced to Europe in 1935, and to Russia - 1946.

Sumatran barbs - schooling, very mobile fish. The body of these barbs is high, strongly compressed from the sides. No mustache. The general color is golden-pink, the back is darker with a red tint, the belly is yellowish-white. On the sides are four vertical black stripes. The first passes through the eye, the second behind the pectoral fin, the third behind the dorsal fin and the last at the beginning of the caudal fin. The dorsal fin is black with a bright red border, the other fins are pink or red. Females are larger than males with fuller belly.. The color of the males is brighter, the red color of the fins is more saturated. It should be noted that in nature, Sumatran barb has a more faded color than its aquarium congener. In the aquarium, Sumatran barbs prefer to stay in flocks. Mainly in the middle and lower layers of water. For the maintenance of these fish, it is desirable to have an aquarium densely planted with vegetation (from 50 l) with open swimming areas. The soil is better dark, otherwise the fish get a paler color. A flock of Sumatran barbs in 5 - 10 or more individuals can be kept with other peaceful, but able to stand up for themselves fish. It is important to note that with a small content of 2 - 3 fish, these barbs can show strong aggression both to each other and to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Sumatran barbs do not belong to predators, but if in the aquarium, where they are located, fry of some fish appear, they instantly grab the fry and swallow. At the same time the barbs will not calm down until they catch all the fry. The exceptions are sedentary and voile forms of fish, in which barbs can bite off the ends of the fins. In addition, a flock of Sumatrans moving quickly through an aquarium can cause constant stress and discomfort among other less active inhabitants.

Sumatran barbs unpretentious, a favorable temperature is 21-23 ° C, however, good filtration is necessary in the aquarium, regular water changes (1/4 of the volume once a week) and can be planted with any plants, but it is better to prefer small-leaf plants (cabomba, myriophyllum). If the aquarium does not have an air purge, it is advisable to replace part of the water with fresh water at the same temperature from time to time. Such a water change is very beneficial effect on the fish. The fish are less sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water than others. If the fish nevertheless swims upside down at the surface, the water should be replaced immediately.

Sumatran barbs are omnivorous. and eagerly eat any live and artificial food. A feature of this species is the tendency to overeating (the cause of obesity and death of fish). To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the amount of feed and use the rule, it is better not to feed the fish. In addition, it is desirable to include vegetable feed in their diet, for example, lettuce leaves, nettle, dried seaweed, etc.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo the female is the female of the Sumtransky barb and the male

Under normal conditions of detention, especially after replacing part of the water, Sumatran barbs, gathering in a flock, swim briskly in the aquarium. Sometimes, huddled in the shaded corner of the aquarium, the barbus can be in the same position for hours with almost no movement. In this case, the fish is kept in an inclined position, with his head down. This condition is normal for the fish and should not be disturbed. Males have a warlike character and sometimes in the presence of females, fluffing up their fins, enter into a fight with each other: they seek to grab each other by the jaws, push the side surface of the body or pinch the mouth. Usually these fights do not lead to noticeable damage and end with the fact that the fish diverge and again peacefully swim in a flock.

Life expectancy in an aquarium is 4 to 5 years. Breeding becomes possible after the fish reaches the age of 5-9 months.


Beautiful collection of photos of Sumatran barb

A compilation of a video about the Sumatra barb

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow fast. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

fanfishka.ru

Barbus fish in the home aquarium

Barbusses, or barbs (lat. Barbus) - ray-finned fishes, belong to the family Karpovye. There are several dozens of species in the wild environment, the distribution area is Africa and Southeast Asia. They can be described as small and mobile fish, with body size from 5 to 30 cm in length. Nowadays, aquarium fish barbs are common, which were caught in natural waters, or bred on fish farms. There are also breeds of barbs, bred by breeding. Less common are large barbs. All species have Weber apparatus, thanks to which the fish have a sharp ear. It is possible to breed them in captivity with great success.

Behavior, appearance

It is believed that these fish have a peaceful nature, but this is not entirely true. With the wrong settlement in the aquarium, a flock of barbs can show aggression towards their neighbors. If the fish are disproportionate, do not converge with temperament, then conflicts cannot be avoided. Barbels can destroy small and sluggish fish in the general aquarium. Even inside the pack there can be fights.

The barbs have a high swimming speed, their character is characterized by activity and mobility. They are always in search of someone or something, they often catch up with each other. These pets will delight the aquarist, who prefers playful pets. Care and maintenance of them will not cause much trouble, for beginners lovers of home aquariums, barbel are also suitable. Large types of barbs can become competitors even for large inhabitants of the reservoir. For example, they easily nibble on large cichlid fins, giant gouras, and goldfish.

More than 15 varieties of barbs are widespread in the aquarium business. All species combine similar body parameters: an elongated body, a bilobed tail, antennae over the upper jaw. Females are much larger than males, they are distinguished by a rounded belly. Males are smaller and brighter in color. Due to possible aggression, the content of all barbel is recommended in a spacious tank with thick plants. Benefit for the aquarium - collect the remnants of food from the bottom.

Content policy

The maintenance of small-sized barbs is possible in aquariums with a capacity of 50 liters or more. Barbus easily adapt to different temperature ranges, able to transfer 17oS. The best water temperature for them is from 19 to 25 degrees. Acceptable acidity: 6.5-7.5 pH, hardness - 4-10o. They love the "old" water, and fast flow, which will help to create aeration or pump. Water filtration is required, as well as weekly replacement of 20% of water with fresh.

Watch a video with tips on keeping barbs.

Small varieties of barbs live in flocks of 5-7 individuals. Lifespan in captivity: 3-5 years. Larger species (shark, hazel-shaped, arulyus, filamentosis, osteobram and others) can live alone or in pairs, and live, respectively, longer - up to 10 years. Care for small species is simple, for large ones is more difficult.

As the soil for aquariums with barbs, it is better to choose dark sand or gravel. On the background of dark soil color scales issued more brightly. Plants should be planted closely, leaving space in the central part of the tank for free swimming. Plants can serve as shelters and scenery. It is not recommended to run a mustache into a Dutch aquarium - there the fish will quickly destroy the plants with fragile leaves and stalks, dig them together with the roots.

In the reservoir where the barbs live, you can plant stiff-leaved anubias, cryptocoryne, vallyseria, arrowhead, elodea, echinodorus. Also floating plants and mosses: Thai and Javanese moss, hornolisnik, perististiknik, nayas, moss fontinalis. They will give shelter to small fishes, and floating types will shade a reservoir - too bright light frightens small fishes.

The aquarium should be closed with a lid. Caring for fish requires close attention - they are bouncy and easily fall on the floor even during feeding. If you have a small aquarium (50-60 cm in length, up to 100 liters), then it may contain small species, the dimensions of which do not exceed 5 cm in length. It looks like this: yellow Barbus, oligolepis, pink barbel, Schubert fish, cherry Barbus, striped Barbus. There are also medium-sized species, they should be placed in more spacious containers: these are Sumatran barbs, fire barbs, black, gold, barilioids, bimaculatus, capital canus, eugrammus and others. Their body sizes reach 7-8 cm.

For an aquarium more than 100 cm in length and with a volume of more than 200 liters large barbs will fit (15-30 cm in length). Caring for the Everett, Schwanenfeld barbs, red-cheeked, bream-like, Denison, shark ball will not be so simple, but some representatives of large barbel have a peaceful and friendly behavior, unlike their small counterparts.

Feeding. Compatible with other fish

Barbus are omnivorous fish. They can be fed with live foods (tubule, daphnia, bloodworm, cyclop, artemia), frozen and dry. You can give branded feed in the form of tablets and granules. Adults should be given food with plant ingredients, otherwise the fish will destroy the plants in the aquarium. They love cucumbers, zucchini, lettuce, dandelion leaves, spinach, wolfia. Feeding 2 times a day in small portions. Overeating is harmful to health.

Barbus: compatibility is possible with quick, active fish, able to stand up for themselves. Botsiya clown, gourami, large tetra, sometimes - swordtails quite get along with these fish. With long-fledged neighbors can not live. Goldfish, their relatives, will also suffer. Minor representatives of the underwater world - minors, rasbora, neons, catfish corridor, thorns, mollies, guppies will not work.

See how to breed Sumatran barbs.

Breeding

Mustaches easily breed in captivity, for spawning you can use a glass aqua volume of 10-20 liters. Take the "old" water from the common tank, and pour it into the tank, then add a third of fresh, infused water there. The bottom should be laid out with Javanese moss, peristristis or kabomba which will serve as a substrate for spawning. At a level of 2 cm from the bottom you can put a separator grid. Reproduction is also possible in the general reservoir, but on the condition that there are many dense bushes of plants, shelters. A temporary increase in water temperature to 28 ° C stimulates reproduction.

Before spawning, the male and female can be kept separately for 2 weeks, feeding them live food. If the female has a full belly, she is ready to breed. In the morning light should come on the spawn, so it is advisable to put it in a sunny place. On the night in spawning run a couple of fish. During one spawning, the female produces 200-400 eggs. After that, the fish must be transferred back to the general reservoir so that parents do not destroy the eggs.

The larvae hatch after 24 hours at a water temperature of 25-26 ° C. At first they are motionless, but this is their normal state. After 4 days, the fry independently swim in search of food. The first days of life as food they are better to give ciliates and rotifers. When they grow up, small crustaceans can be given. Over time, the fry need to be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. So you can facilitate the care of grown-up and small fish. Many types of barbs reach puberty by the first year of life.

Barbus Clown: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Barbus clown

Barbus everetti

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 0С.

Ph:6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Compatible Barbus Clown: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description:

In nature, the Barbus clown lives in slow-flowing bodies of water in Southeast Asia.

At the clown barb the body is elongated in length, the profile of the back is more curved than the belly, the lateral line is full. Mouth final with 2 pairs of antennae. The tail fin is two-bladed. Color barbus body: back from slightly orange to reddish-brown, side is lighter. On the body are black and blue oval spots. Fins from pale red to deep red. As a rule, the male is brighter and smaller than the female; before spawning, the female is very stout. Under natural conditions it grows up to 14 cm, at home no more than 10 cm.

Barbus clown is mobile, jumping and relatively "peace-loving" fish. It is comfortable to keep it in a group of 6-7 individuals. Different types of fish can be neighbors, except for slow-moving fish and fish with wide and long fins. This species of fish is kept in the middle and lower layers of water.

Barbus clown is contained in an aquarium with a length of at least 80 cm with a muted, diffused lighting. In the aquarium should be overgrown plants (at the edges and at the back wall), various shelters (stones, snags) and free space for swimming. Water parameters for the optimal content of clown barb: hardness 6 - 100, pH 6.5-7.5, temperature 24 - 28 0С. Powerful filtration is required (it is advisable to use a biofilter), aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water.

Food for Barbus clown - live (bloodworm, daphnia, coretra, occasionally tubule), vegetable (algae, scalded lettuce, spinach and dandelion) and dry flaky food. With a lack of plant food barbus clown begins to eat around the soft leaves of plants.

Puberty at the clown barbus comes at the age of 1-1.5 years.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Barbus clown video

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, it is desirable to create a current in an aquarium with the help of aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow fast. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.


Four Line Barbus: content, compatibility, photo-video review


Barbus four-line Barbus Lineatus

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 23-25 ​​° C.

Ph: 6,5-7,0.

dH: up to 15.

Aggressiveness: aggressive 20%.

Four line barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, catfish, ternets, tetri.

Barbus four-line description:

Homeland - the reservoirs of Malaysia.

Fish size up to 8 cm.

The female, unlike the male, has a fuller belly.

All barbs, including four-line, schooling, mobile fish that hold in all layers of water. To feed not whimsical eat: live dry and substitutes.

Water for breeding: dН up to 6.0 °; pH 6.5; t 26-28 ° C, rich in organic acids and tannins.

Need spawning 10 l. In the center establish a bush of small-leaved plants. Caviar producers throw in the midst of plants and do not eat. the larvae come out in a day. When the fry begin to swim, they should be fed with cyclops nauplii and rotifers. The female lays 300-500 eggs.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Photo with four-bar barbus

Video with the description of the four-line barbus

Sumatran barbus breeding content description photo video.

Sumatran Barbus Breeding

Sumatran barb is an excellent choice for beginner aquarists who, nevertheless, want to get offspring from fish, as these fish breed easily in aquarium conditions. They are hardy and the temperature range in which they feel comfortable is quite wide. If you feed them with good quality dry food and sometimes diversify the menu with live or frozen food and vegetables, your Sumatran barbs will show a desire to spawn. Sumatran barbus is an active fish, they can be up to 4 cm long, so before thinking about reproduction, consider the possibilities your aquarium. Parents do not care about the offspring, so the nature of the fish itself took care of the continuation of their species. The number of eggs produced by the female is very high, so that at least a few fry survive. In natural conditions, surrounded by predators and other dangers, few survive, but in an aquarium, if you carefully prepare and do your best to save offspring, the surviving fry can be much more ! If the size of your aquarium does not allow to accommodate all the fry, you have to get rid of someone, this is better than letting everyone grow; An overpopulated aquarium is a serious problem that will affect all its inhabitants.

For a start, before spawning, males and females should be seated. It is true that sometimes Sumatran barbs spawn well and without prior seeding, but it is better to keep them in different aquariums. Females differ from males in smaller size and more round belly.

Sumatran Barbus

After seating, your fish should, with your help, follow a spawning stimulating diet. These barbs are happy to swallow everything you throw them, but for spawning you need a high protein food. Frozen bloodworms and tubers are excellent stimulants for spawning. The temperature in the aquarium for the spawning period should be about 26 degrees. After 3-4 days apart, you can re-plant the males and females together. The water in the spawning aquarium should be soft, the recommended acidity is 6.7. In the aquarium it is recommended to put a filter with a sponge, on which useful bacteria have appeared (not with a new sponge!). You should also place a couple of cabomba plants and a couple of spawning “panicles” in the aquarium, on which the female will most likely lay eggs. Usually, spawning begins shortly after the reunion of the males and females. During the courtship period, the male chases the female. When the female starts producing eggs, the male will follow her, leaving a trail of semen in the water to fertilize the fallen eggs. After spawning, a couple of parents should be moved out of the aquarium, as they can eat eggs. If you have covered the bottom of the aquarium with pebbles, the eggs can fall between the pebbles and the parents will not be able to find them. If you keep the temperature in the aquarium at the level of 26 degrees, in 5 days you will most likely get free swimming offspring. Artemia is a good starting food for fry. Crushed flakes are also an option, but in this case development will slow down. If the very young fry that have appeared are very small, you can feed them with a special liquid feed for the fry until they grow to such a size that they can switch to another food. At pet shops, barbs come mainly at the age of 3 months.

Content in an aquarium

Aquarium. This active fish swims in all layers of water, but prefers the average. For the well-being of the Sumatrans it is simply necessary to have space for swimming, so the aquarium is better to choose an elongated one.

In addition, it would be optimal to put a couple of kagag and plant a couple of plots thickly with plants. This way you can perfectly simulate their natural habitat.

Sumatran Barbus photo

Sumatran barb is a schooling fish and in solitude it will simply torment the neighbors in living space with its aggressive nature.

It becomes much calmer in an aquarium when there are at least 10 Sumatrans, in this case they will quickly form a flock with their own hierarchy, and they will bully each other, rarely involving other fish in their conflicts.

Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large - 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water. A good filter is the key to the health of your pets.

Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, the Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by its rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain in the article “Unpretentious aquarium fish”).

Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low. However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface head up, it is better to periodically replace some of the water if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.

In a state of sleep or dormancy, the Sumatrans are in their favorite pose - upside down at an acute angle to the vertical.

Compatibility. As neighbors, it is better to choose equally active fish: danios-rerio, ternets, speckled catfish. Diamond tetras are also suitable. Slow and dignified fish (angelfish, gourami, gold) simply risk being left with fins bitten off. Just so as not to relax.

DESCRIPTION

One of the most common types of barbs, lives in the waters of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. For the first time, a Sumatran barbus was introduced to Europe in 1935, and to Russia - 1946.

Sumatran barbs - peaceful, gregarious, very mobile fish. The small size, liveliness of movements and beautiful coloring allow us to consider them as one of the most interesting inhabitants of a home aquarium.

The body of these barbs is high, strongly compressed from the sides. No mustache. The general color is golden-pink, the back is darker with a red tint, the belly is yellowish-white. On each side there are four vertical black stripes (as opposed to Barbus pentazona, which has five).

The first passes through the eye, the second behind the pectoral fin, the third behind the dorsal fin and the last at the beginning of the caudal fin. The dorsal fin is black with a bright red border, the other fins are pink or red.

Females are larger than males with a fuller belly. The color of the males is brighter, the red color of the fins is more saturated. It should be noted that in nature, Sumatran barb has a more faded color than its aquarium congener. The fish, which can now be found on sale, was obtained, as a rule, as a result of aquarium breeding, and the brightness of its color is enhanced by a long selection.

Sumatran Barbus

In an aquarium, Sumatran barbs prefer to stay in flocks. Kept mainly in the middle and lower layers of water. For the maintenance of these fish, it is desirable to have an aquarium densely planted with vegetation (from 50 l) with open swimming areas. The soil is better dark, otherwise the fish get a paler color.

Interesting facts about Sumatran barbs

  • As a result of crossing the subspecies of barbs, a lot of new forms were bred - black with red fins, albino, "mossy barb" with a greenish body and red fins;
  • If the offspring is obtained from parents with mutated color or albinos, then 75% of the fry will look like them, the rest will have the color of the original form;
  • Some scientists, in order to obtain new mutations, crossed representatives of one offspring or treated the clutch with ultraviolet rays;
  • For the first time the barb was brought to Russia in 1946, in Europe it appeared a little earlier - in 1935;
  • The longest Sumatran barb in the aquarium has grown to 8 centimeters.
  • COCK-AQUARIUS BEAUTY CARE SPREAD CONTENT PHOTO VIDEO.

Sumatran Barbus video

BARBUS-CARE, BREEDING, DESCRIPTION, COMPATIBILITY, SPREAD, PHOTO.

HEMILATORS-CARE, CONTENT, BREEDING, COMPATIBILITY, DISEASES.

Reproduction of Sumatran and other barbs

Barbusy - pets that are suitable for a novice aquarist. Absolutely unpretentious in content, with a peace-loving character. Consequently, the breeding barbs at home does not seem something overwhelming newcomer. The most common in the aquarium is a Sumatran barb with an amazing striped color on a yellowish-golden body.

How to prepare for breeding

With the first experience of breeding fish, which spawn, the Sumatran barbus will not cause trouble. Such aquarium fish breed and in the general aquarium, a separate spawning - an optional condition for spawning. But first, let us tell you how it multiplies in the conditions of "eviction".

  1. If you feed the fish constantly and intensively, they will willingly start spawning;
  2. At the age of 5-9 months, the barbs become sexually mature and ready to reproduce offspring;
  3. Usually they breed in separate aquariums, where there is a calm atmosphere;
  4. The temperature of the water in the spawn should vary from 22 to 24 degrees;

Selected parents should be fed abundantly before evicting to spawning. Recall that the males of barbs mature 1-1.5 months later than the females.


Before spawning, the producers are seated in different aquariums for a month, offering them a special meal: for the male - proteinaceous (tubule, bloodworm), for the female - vegetable. Water temperature is understood at 2 degrees. The differences between male and female are as follows: females are smaller than males, have a rounded belly. A "swollen" belly indicates readiness for reproduction into the world of posterity.

There are cases when the fish are not fully prepared for spawning. Sometimes several males immediately pursue one female. For breeding it is better to choose the most dense female, with a “full” belly and the most active “male suitor”, with the brightest color. If in a separate spawning ground the female pursues a male, and not vice versa, then it should be replaced with another. When the male behaves too actively, water plants can be placed in the aquarium, which will calm the male, and the female barbus will be able to hide and calm down.

See how the reproduction of Sumatran barbs.

What is necessary for spawning

Before spawning, the aquarium should be ready (volume 10-20 liters, do not contain soil). At its bottom it is better to lay a separator net, which will prevent the parents from eating the eggs. In addition to the mesh, Javanese moss or synthetic fiber can be an excellent substrate for the bottom.

Producers are “resettled” in spawning in the evening, raising the water temperature to 25-26 ° C. Immediately it is not recommended to feed the parents. Morning is a harbinger of beginning spawning, which will last from 2 to 3 hours. For several hours, the female barbus will bring 100-600 eggs. When the female starts to avoid the male, this is a signal that the spawning has ended.


After spawning, fish can live in their usual, common aquarium. And in the aquarium, where the young will first live, it is necessary to replace 25% of the water with fresh. To prevent the formation of fungus on the calf, methylene blue is added to the water (diluted in water until it forms a light blue color).

Eggs should not fall in direct sunlight, it is better to darken the aquarium or move it to a dark, quiet place. After 12 hours, empty, unfertilized white eggs are gently removed with a pipette.

Look at the spawn of barbs.

Fry care

Fish roe develops over several days, after which the larvae appear. For 3-4 days fry appear, collecting infusoria and live dust, rotifers, artemia. They are very active, so they have to feed more often - every 3-4 hours with a regular change of water. Preferably a varied diet with the use of live food, so that the fry will produce fruitful adult fish. It is also recommended to feed a special liquid food for fry.

The first days of life aquarium lighting should be 24 hours a day. When they are 1 month old, they will resemble adult individuals.


Sumatran barbus can breed in a common aquarium, but in order to protect the eggs from being eaten by other inhabitants and by the parents themselves, it is better to create a calm and comfortable environment for their growth. In stores, young fish are sold at the age of 3 months.

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