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Gourami - aquarium fish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

Domain: Eukaryotes;

Kingdom: Animals;

Type of: Chord;

Class: Ray fish;

Squad: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Rod: Trichogaster;

International scientific name: Trichogaster Blochet Schneider, 1801;

Other names: Gourami, Trichogaster, Colisa, Sphaerichthys, Sferichtis, Colise, Khelostomy, Trichogaster, Nitenos.

Gourami (Trichogaster) - one of the most popular types of aquarium fish today. They are unpretentious in content and are quite easy to breed, these fish can be safely recommended to all novice aquarists.

History gourami

The French scientist Pierre Carbonier dreamed of acclimatizing in France very interesting fish discovered in the tropics. Among them were wide-browed fish, constantly rising to the surface of the water and protruding the tip of the muzzle - gourami. However, they did not manage to get to Europe immediately. They were caught both in Thailand, in Vietnam, and on the islands of Malaysia, but the fish did not even survive the day and died. In those days, the transportation of exotic fish was carried out in wooden barrels, filled to the top with water. During the voyage, the steamer often experienced rolling, and so that the water from the barrel, and with it the fish, did not fly overboard, the wooden circle was lowered onto the surface of the water in the barrel, so that it completely covered the surface. Few people knew about the features of the biology of labyrinth fish, although at this time in Paris, Carbonier studied and successfully spread out the macropod. Having no access to atmospheric air, the poor fish survived only until the end of loading the barrels onto the ship. After many unsuccessful attempts, they were categorized as problematic, and their distribution stopped for twenty years.

Eyewitnesses were perplexed: in nature, the capture of gourays was carried out in rain barrels, gutters, abandoned quarries with unthinkably dirty and muddy water - what did the fish lack during transportation ?! Only at the very end of the 19th century, a certain discerning European, watching the capricious creatures in a natural reservoir, noticed that fish periodically rise to the surface of the water behind an air bubble. On the advice of the Indonesian conductor, he filled the carrying capacity with water only two-thirds and did not seal them. As a result, several thousand immigrants were delivered to their destination without a single loss.

In foreign amateur aquariums, gurus appeared only from January 1896, but it came to us only in the summer of 1897 and, moreover, from two sources at once: from Matte from Berlin and from V.M. Desnitsky, who brought her straight from Singapore.

Homeland Guram fish - habitat

In nature, gourami live in Southeast Asia (Indochina and Malay Peninsulas, Kalimantan Islands, Sumatra and Java).

The pearly gourami Trichogasterleeri inhabit the Malay Archipelago, Sumatra and Borneo. Lunar gourami Trichogaster microlepis is found in Thailand and Cambodia, Serpentine gourami Trichogaster pectoralis in southern Vietnam, Cambodia and eastern Thailand. The spotted gourami Trichogaster trichopterus has a wide range - from India to the Malay Archipelago. In different parts of this area there are many local forms that differ in coloring. In Sumatra, along with these forms, the blue gourami Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus dwells. The serpentine gourami, whose range approaches the oceanic shore opposite the island of Sri Lanka, has not moved to this island, however today it has mastered the Antilles reservoirs in Central America. Gourami are found both in stagnant and flowing waters, as well as in shallow streams, and in large rivers, and the spotted and brown gourami have mastered the tide zone and brackish estuarine waters.

Description gourami

Gourami (Gourami-nitrophores) are representatives of the genus of tropical freshwater labyrinth fish of the macropode family (Osphronemidae), whose length ranges from 5 to 12 cm (there is also a larger representative - serpentine goura reaching 20 -25 cm), and in aquariums rarely exceed 10 see. These wonderful creatures got their name for having elongated threadlike fins on the abdomen, which nature has bestowed on these fish for orientation in muddy natural bodies of water.

Like all labyrinth fish, gourami have a labyrinth (nadzhaberny body), resulting from the adaptation to life in water with low oxygen content. A funny feature of gourami is their ability to be without water for 6-8 hours (it is not worth checking and torturing !!!). The labyrinth organ is located in the nadzhabernoy cavity, in the extended part of the first branchial arch. In this cavity there are the thinnest bone plates covered with rich vessels and mucous membranes. If gourami can live without water, they cannot live without atmospheric air, they will die rather quickly in a closed vessel. The labyrinth organ develops only 2–3 weeks after the larvae hatch from the roe, therefore the fry need water saturated with oxygen. It is believed that the labyrinth organ serves to ensure that the fish can move from the reservoir to the reservoir: the fish gathers water into it, and when it moves from the reservoir to the reservoir, the gills are moistened, which prevents them from drying out.

It is worth remembering that when transporting fish over long distances, you need to take into account their need for air, otherwise the fish may die from suffocation. IMPORTANT: When transporting any labyrinths, it is impossible to pump oxygen into the package, capturing it with the mouth of the fish, "burn" the respiratory organs and die !!!

The shape of the body of the fish is elongated, flat, flattened laterally. The dorsal and anal fins of the elongated male are slightly sharpened, while in the female the dorsal fin is much shorter and rounded, the ventral fins are equal in size to the length of the fish and resemble thin mustaches. If for any reason your mustache has broken off with your gourami, don't worry, as soon they will grow back. The color of males is much brighter than females. Bright color is an indicator of the health of the fish.

With a cold snap gourami can easily catch a cold, so you need to very carefully observe the temperature.

Types of gourami

Today in home aquariums you can find a large number of varieties of gourami: pearl, blue, marble, golden, kissing, moon, honey, spotted, grumbling and others.

But in fact, there are only four kinds of nominal gourami - the kind of trichogaster:

- Pearl gourami (Trichogaster leeri).

- Lunar gourami (Trichogaster microlepis).

- Brown gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis) - the largest of the genus Trichogater. In an aquarium it can reach up to 15 centimeters in length, in nature it grows even larger. Nevertheless, in spite of its size, it is a peaceful fish.

- Spotted gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus). Here the last species has many different color variations - morphs: blue, yellow and white. These morphs and bring a certain confusion in the gradation of gourami - trichogasters.

In addition, it is worth noting separately that kissing gouras is not a Trichogaster genus at all, it is the Helostoma genus of Helost. Actually, honey gourami is the genus Colisa - Colisa, grumbling gourami is the genus Trichopsis - Trichopsis, chocolate gourami - the genus Sferichtis - Sphaerichthys. But they are all in our post-Soviet space among the people GURAMI =) Below are the most popular species, morphs and false gurus.

Gourami Pearl

Trichogaster leeri

The body of the pearl gourami is tall, elongated, flattened laterally. The color of the body is silver-violet with numerous pearl spots (resembling pearls), scattered not only throughout the body, but also along the fins. An uneven dark stripe runs along the entire body. The length of the pearl gourami is 11 centimeters.

The male is much larger than the female, has a brighter color, elongated dorsal and anal fins. However, there is another, very characteristic feature - the coloring of the neck of pearl gouras: red in the male and orange in the female. These differences appear already at a young age, but are more pronounced in more adult individuals. And during the spawning period in the male, its color differences prevail: the neck and abdomen light up in a red tint, the pearl placer shimmers and sparkles. Therefore, the identification of the sex of fish does not cause difficulties at any age.

Pearl gourami badly tolerate transplants and "moving" to a new place - for a long time they remain timid and pale in color.

In nature, pearly gourami lives in the waters of India and Indochina, in the south of Malaysia and Thailand. In reservoirs carrying well-warmed clean water with rich dense vegetation.

In more detail in the article GURAMI PEARL: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami moon

Trichogaster microlepis

Currently, vegetation is rich in vegetation in Cambodia and Thailand. They were brought to Europe in 1951, and in 1981 they began to appear with aquarists of Russia.

The fish has a tall, slightly elongated body and compressed on the sides. The body is painted in a monochromatic bluish-silver color. In aquariums usually do not exceed 12 cm, and in the wild can reach 15 cm. Life expectancy from 5 to 7 years.

Fish - peaceful and fearful. They can contain almost all the peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium. But it is advisable to pick them in the neighbors fish of similar size.

For a comfortable living aquarium should be at least 50 cm in length, sometimes planted with plants, have shelters and free space for swimming. In addition, the aquarium should be floating plants that the fish used for spawning. To emphasize all the beauty of this fish, it is better to use dark colored soils.

In more detail in the article GURAMI LUNNY: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami blue

Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

In the nature lives in Southeast Asia, reservoirs of island Sumatra. In Europe, first appeared in 1958.

The blue gourami has a high, oblong and flattened body from the sides. Upper fin high, pointed. The lower fin begins from the pectoral fin and gradually expanding, ends at the base of the tail. Pectoral fins have the form of filiform antennae. They are organs of touch gourami and are constantly in motion. With the help of the pectoral fins of the fish get acquainted with the surrounding objects. The main color of the body is aqua color. On the sides there are transverse stripes of blue color and two black spots on each side: one in the center of the body, the second on the caudal stem. Unpaired fins adorn the silver dots scattered on them. In nature, blue gourami in length reaches 12-14 cm, in an aquarium they grow up to 8-10 cm.

The blue gourami is very peaceful and gets on well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes there are individuals that show aggression towards their relatives. Leads daytime life. Keeps in the middle and upper layers of water. It is very interesting to watch these fish: they are funny and do not miss the moment to frolic, they are curious about everything new, whether it is an element of decor or another fish.

In more detail in the article GURAMI BLUE: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami marble

Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

Gourami marble is a mutation of blue gourami. Big fish. Individuals of the species gourami marble in length can reach 13 cm. The body is oval, high, compressed laterally. Abdominal fins long, filiform. Anal fin wide. Marble body color: dark gray spots of irregular shape are located on a light gray background. Anal, dorsal and caudal fin dark gray, with numerous yellow specks. Pectoral fins clear, colorless. The male differs from the female by a narrower body, a bright color with elongated, more pointed dorsal and anal fins.

It is better to keep in an aquarium with a volume of 50 liters.

In more detail in the article GURAMY MARBLE: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami golden

Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus var. Gold

In nature, it lives in ponds rich in vegetation on the island of Sumatra.

The golden gourami has a tall, slightly elongated and compressed body. The goura's body is colored golden yellow with an orange tinge. On the side there are two dark spots, one in the middle of the body, the other on the tail stem. Blue spots are scattered on the body and fins. The male is larger and brighter than the female. In length it grows up to 13 cm. Life expectancy of a fish in an aquarium with the right content is up to 7 years.

Golden gourami is a peaceful, shy little fish that, in case of danger, prefers to hide in dense thickets. It gets along well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes, the males show aggression towards each other. Lead daily life. Keeps golden goura in the upper and middle layers of water.

It is necessary to keep golden gouras in a well-lit aquarium with a volume of 100 liters (4 fish) with thickets of living plants (including floating plants) and free swimming space. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them), the ground is dark.

In more detail in the article GURAMI GOLD: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Kisses kissing

Helostoma temminckii

Gorami kissing inhabit Thailand and the island of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. In nature, gourami inhabit the waters of India and Indochina.

The popular name of the fish "kissing" is associated with the characteristic "kissing" lip movements that fish produce during feeding, manifestation of aggression, as well as during mating.

Dorsal and anal fin long, low. Fins are greenish and sometimes yellowish. The color of the kissing gourami is varied: gray-green, golden-pink, and also yellow. There are albinos.

Differs calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. Easy to get along with non-aggressive neighbors. However, with a lack of space, fish can fight for territory, opening their mouths wide.

You can keep kissing goura in an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters with densely planted vegetation, you also need the presence of snags as a cover and a free-swimming zone. The ground should be dark.

In more detail in the article GURAMI KISSING: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami chocolate

Sphaerichthys osphromenoides

Chocolate gourami are found in Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo) and Malaysia.

The body of the Chocolate Gourami has a red-brown or chocolate color, with a slight greenish tint. The whole body is crossed by several light yellow to white color transverse stripes of various widths and lengths. Anal fin with narrow yellow border. The size of the fish does not exceed 40-50 mm.

The male has a straight lower jaw profile and has a sharper head than that of the female. In the female, the lower jaw is rounded due to tensile skin, due to the need to incubate the eggs. But so familiar to all the differences in the form of bright colors and pointed elongated unpaired fins should not be relied upon to determine the sex.

More details in the article Gurami chocolate: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review.

Ghouls nagging

Trichopsis vittatus

Currently, most of Indochina, the peninsula of Malaysia and Singapore are settled.

The fishes are peaceful and slightly fearful. They can easily be kept in a common aquarium with other peace-loving fishes. It is advisable to keep a small flock of 6-8 fish, in a ratio where there will be one or two females per male.

In captivity, the ghouls grumbling eagerly eat dried food, but do not forget to include in the diet a sufficient amount of small live or frozen food, such as Daphnia, Artemia or chironomid larvae (the well-known bloodworm), which will allow to achieve optimal color.

An aquarium with ghouls nagging densely planted with various plants, leaving room for free swimming. Since the fish do not like bright light, floating plants are placed on the surface, which serve not only as a source of dispersion of rays, but also serve as material for building a nest. Grateful fish will be for the presence of kryagi and a variety of shelters. It is preferable to use dark soil.

In more detail in the article by GURAMI'S MANAGER: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING.

Photo table

most beautiful labyrinth fish

(species and morphs)

the most beautiful labyrinth fish

Compatibility gourami

Gourami are very peace-loving and calm fish that easily make friends with all other peaceful types of fish (fighting, lyalius, ternii, etc.). However, it is worth remembering that too fast types of fish (such as swordtails and barbs, shark balls) like to chase the mustache. When choosing neighbors, it should also be remembered that gourami are soft water and acidic fish, that is, they prefer pH and dH below 7. It is desirable to maintain these comfortable water parameters for the goura themselves and select such soft water neighbors.

Registration of an aquarium for gourami

It is necessary to design an aquarium for a large number of plants, which corresponds to their natural habitat conditions, the availability of places for free swimming and, of course, shelters in which they can stay for a long time.

What to feed gourami?

In feeding Gourami absolutely not picky and ready to eat any food found. Как и другие рыбки, Гурами будут премного вам благодарны за разнообразное питание состоящее, как из сухих, так и из живых кормов (мотыль, трубочник, дафния и др.). В естественных условиях обитания рыбки лакомятся различными насекомыми, личинками (малярийного комара), растительностью.

It is worth noting the fact that a healthy adult can do without feed for up to two weeks.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arawan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Terms of maintenance gourami

Comfortable conditions for gourami is an aquarium of 40 liters, and it is desirable that the water level be at least 30 cm and not more than 50 cm. Since the fish loves acidified water, the presence of a strong flow from the filter is not desirable. Acceptable water temperature is from 23 to 26 degrees, although it will easily endure a decrease to 20 degrees and an increase to 30 degrees. Stiffness should not exceed 16. Acidity from 6 to 7. Weekly changes of 1/3 of water are necessary. Aeration of water for gourami is not necessary, but for the aquarium itself, the oxidation process plays an important role, they are difficult without aeration, and therefore aeration is desirable. Fishes prefer the presence in the aquarium dense vegetation with the obligatory presence of floating plants, but do not forget about the availability of swimming places. The combination of dark soil and bright lighting will allow you to get from your pets the most saturated color. Humic substances released by snags not only enhance the health of the fish, but also make the water look like water in habitats. Swim gouram prefer in the middle and upper layers of water. An aquarium with gourami should be fitted with a lid or covered with a cover glass to prevent the fish from jumping out of the aquarium. Life expectancy is 5 - 7 years.

Sexual dimorphism - the difference between male and female gourami

Sexual dimorphism in gourami, regardless of the species, can be traced quite clearly - males are larger and slimmer, their color is brighter, fins are longer. The dorsal fin in males is larger and elongated; in the female it is rounded; this is the most reliable sign for determining the sex of gourami.

Breeding and breeding gourami

Breeding gourami does not require large skills and investments. To begin with, it is possible to breed these fish both in the general aquarium, and in a separate small spawning aquarium into 20 liters with a height of water column from 10 to 15 centimeters.

If spawning is carried out in a general aquarium, then the main condition will be the presence of floating plants on the surface (Ricci, rogolistnik, duckweed, etc.) and the absence of a strong current so as not to destroy the foamy nest created by the male.

If spawning is carried out in a spawning aquarium, then you need the water to have the necessary parameters: water temperature 24 - 26 ° C, hardness 4 - 10, acidity 5.8 - 6.8, plants floated on the surface, and at the bottom there was a shelter for the female. Next, in the spawning aquarium we have selected, we first subdivide the male. Richly feed a couple, preferably a live feed, for a couple 1 to 2 weeks. Just before spawning, we replant the female in the spawning aquarium. And watch the very exciting games of the couple. Gourami change their color to a brighter one, they float with straightened fins. The male, as a caring father, constantly maintains the foam nest in the whole condition.

And he builds his nest of air bubbles released from the mouth along with saliva. The male needs about 3 days to build a foam nest. Do not worry if during this period the male is not active in food and only huddles around his building. And when the nest is fully built, the spawning of gourami begins. The male in every possible way tries to drive the female under his nest, and having driven them, begins to fertilize the game, which easily floats to the surface of the aquarium water. The spawning period usually lasts 3–4 hours, with several visits. To speed up the spawning process, you can add 1/3 of the volume of the spawning aquarium of distilled water with a temperature rise of up to 30 ° C. Ignoring rhinestones in the nest caviar, caring father collects and transfers to the nest. Usually the female sweeps out about 200 eggs, maybe more. At the end of spawning, the fish rush in different directions: the female goes to the shelter, and the male rushes to the nest, where he will take care of the eggs until the hatching of the fry. But the female must be immediately deposited so that she is attacked by the male, or does not damage the nest with eating eggs from an inexperienced dad. Incubation period caviar goura from 24 to 48 hours. The development of caviar depends on the temperature of the water in the aquarium.

Time passes, the larvae hatch out of the calf and hang motionless in the foam of the nest, and after falling out, they immediately return to the place by the caring father. After 2 - 3 days the larvae pass into the fry stage and begin to swim. The male is here on the alert, he collects fry by mouth and carries them to the nest. As soon as all the fry hatch and start swimming in the spawning aquarium, we catch the male so that he does not eat his offspring. The male is not fed during the entire period of caring for the offspring. When larvae appear, it is necessary to lower the water level to 6-10 cm and maintain it until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, which takes at least a month. If there are a lot of larvae, then it is necessary to provide weak aeration in the spawning aquarium.

Fry are abundantly fed with infusoria, small “dust”, yogurt, and special food.

TetraMin Baby

The main feed enriched with protein for fry up to 1 cm. With a new formula that helps preserve the purity of water. Feed very finely milled. Contains a full range of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements necessary for schooling fry. TetraMin Baby promotes balanced and healthy growth and prevents malnutrition symptoms at a critical time in the fry, reducing the likelihood of illness due to malnutrition.

The main thing is to ensure that the food is fully eaten by the fry, and remove the excess in time. Fry gourami do not grow evenly, larger and more developed begin to compete with small ones, and can eat them. Here you decide, either to constantly sort the fry into groups, or to rely on the natural instinct and you will have the most developed and strong individuals.

We also mention the peculiarities of breeding gourami: first, the formation of a pair for spawning should occur in a natural way, based on the observation of the grown up fish living in the pack; second, young fish between the ages of 8 months and 1 year spawn well, if you miss this period, you can not wait for the offspring at all; the third - gourami like clean water, therefore the water in the spawning aquarium should be transparent; fourth, during spawning, it is better to provide the fish with complete peace and to cover the front side of the spawning aquarium (with a towel, cardboard, paper, etc.); fifth - sometimes gourami are able to spawn in an aquarium without having a nest. In this case, the caviar spreads over the surface of the water and fry are also successfully derived from it.

Author Alexander Isakov

Foster editor

Beautiful photos of gourami fish

A selection of interesting videos about grooves

Gourami Pearl: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami Pearl Trichogaster leeri

Scientific classification:

Domain:

Kingdom:

Type of:

Class:

Squad:

Family:

Rod:

View:

International scientific name:

Eukaryotes

Animals

Chord.

Ray fish

Perciformes.

Macropod.

Gourami-stanchions.

Pearl gourami.

Trichogasterleerii

(Bleeker, 1852).

Synonyms of the species name:

Trichopodustrichopterus Cantor, 1850;

Trichopus leerii (Bleeker, 1852);

Osphromenus trichopterus var. leerii Gunther, 1861;

Trichopodus leeri Regan, 1909;

Water parameters for keeping pearl goura in an aquarium:

Temperature: 23 - 27 ° C;

Acidity: pH: 6.0 - 7.0;

Rigidity: up to 16 °;

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%;

Pearl Compatibility

They have a calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. It is easy to get on with all non-aggressive fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. It is not recommended to settle them with the tail tails and similar fish.

Description:

The body of the pearl gourami is tall, elongated, flattened laterally. The color of the body is silver-violet with numerous pearl spots (resembling pearls), scattered not only throughout the body, but also along the fins. An uneven dark stripe runs along the entire body. The length of the pearl gourami reaches 11 centimeters.


Sexual dimorphism: male and female pearl gourami

In the photo male and female gourami pearl

The male is much larger than the female, has a brighter color, elongated dorsal and anal fins. However, there is another, very characteristic feature - the coloring of the neck of the Pearl Gourami: red in the male and orange in the female. These differences appear already at a young age, but are more pronounced in more adult individuals. And during the spawning period in the male, its color differences prevail: the neck and abdomen light up in a red tint, the pearl placer shimmers and sparkles. Therefore, the identification of fish does not express difficulties at any age.


Habitat pearl gourami

In nature, pearly gourami lives in the waters of India and Indochina, in the south of Malaysia and Thailand. In reservoirs carrying well-warmed clean water with rich dense vegetation. In aquariums contained since 1933.

The content of pearl gourami

This type of fish is recommended to keep in aquariums, the capacity of which is not less than 40 liters for 2 - 3 individuals, with rich vegetation, the presence of snags and grottoes as shelter and places for overnight stay and rest, and a free swimming area. The soil is preferably dark colored. The water temperature for the maintenance of the Pearl Gourami ranges from 23 to 27 ° C. Water parameters - hardness up to 16 °, pH 6.0-7.0. Easy aeration will be very useful, despite the fact that, like all labyrinth fishes, Pearl Gourami can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth. The latter can be the cause of the disease as a result of swallowing cold air, therefore, when Gourami is in, another cover is necessary. And because of their commitment to clean water, filtration and weekly replacement of up to 30% of water are not just necessary, but beneficial for the healthy development of the fish.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.


Cultivation and reproduction of pearl gourami

Breeding pearl gouram does not require large skills and investments. To begin with, it is possible to breed these fish both in the general aquarium, and in a separate small spawning aquarium into 20 liters with a height of water column from 10 to 15 centimeters.

If spawning is carried out in a general aquarium, then the main condition will be the presence of floating plants on the surface (Ricci, rogolistnik, duckweed, etc.) and the absence of a strong current so as not to destroy the foamy nest created by the male.

If spawning is carried out in a spawning aquarium, then you need the water to have the necessary parameters: water temperature 24 - 26 ° C, hardness 4 - 10, acidity 5.8 - 6.8, plants floated on the surface, and at the bottom there was a shelter for the female. Next, in the spawning aquarium we have selected, we first subdivide the male. Richly feed a couple, preferably a live feed, for a couple 1 to 2 weeks. Just before spawning, we replant the female in the spawning aquarium. And watch the very exciting games of the couple. Gourami change their color to a brighter one, they float with straightened fins. The male, as a caring father, constantly maintains the foam nest in the whole condition.

And he builds his nest of air bubbles released from the mouth along with saliva. The male needs about 3 days to build a foam nest. Do not worry if during this period the male is not active in food and only huddles around his building. And when the nest is completely built, the spawn of the Pearl Gourami begins. The male in every possible way tries to drive the female under his nest, and having driven them, begins to fertilize the game, which easily floats to the surface of the aquarium water. The spawning period usually lasts 3–4 hours, with several visits. To speed up the spawning process, you can add 1/3 of the volume of the spawning aquarium of distilled water with a temperature rise of up to 30 ° C. Ignoring rhinestones in the nest caviar, caring father collects and transfers to the nest. Usually the female sweeps out about 200 eggs, maybe more. At the end of spawning, the fish rush in different directions: the female goes to the shelter, and the male rushes to the nest, where he will take care of the eggs until the hatching of the fry. But the female must be immediately deposited so that she is attacked by the male, or does not damage the nest with eating eggs from an inexperienced dad. Incubation period of caviar of pearl goura is from 24 to 48 hours. The development of caviar depends on the temperature of the water in the aquarium.

Time passes, the larvae hatch out of the calf and hang motionless in the foam of the nest, and after falling out, they immediately return to the place by the caring father. After 2 - 3 days the larvae pass into the fry stage and begin to swim. The male is here on the alert, he collects fry by mouth and carries them to the nest. As soon as all the fry hatch and start swimming in the spawning aquarium, we catch the male so that he does not eat his offspring. The male is not fed during the entire period of caring for the offspring. When larvae appear, it is necessary to lower the water level to 6-10 cm and maintain it until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, which takes at least a month. If there are a lot of larvae, then it is necessary to provide weak aeration in the spawning aquarium.

Fry are abundantly fed with infusoria, small “dust”, yogurt, and special food. But you need to make sure that the food is fully eaten by the fry, and remove the excess in time. Fry of pearl goura do not grow evenly, larger and more developed begin to compete with small ones, and can eat them. Here you decide, either to constantly sort the fry into groups, or to rely on the natural instinct and you will have the most developed and strong individuals.

We mention about the characteristics of breeding pearl gourami:

the first - pairing for spawning should occur in a natural way, based on the observation of the grown fish living in the pack;

the second - young fish at the age of 8 months to 1 year spawn well, if you miss this period, you can not wait for the offspring at all;

the third - Gourami like clean water, therefore the water in the spawning aquarium should be clear;

fourth - during spawning, it is better to provide the fish with complete peace and to cover the front side of the spawning aquarium (with a towel, cardboard, paper, etc.).

What are sick gourami?

All species of fish have a characteristic list of the most common diseases encountered, not exceptions and Pearl Gourami. Remember that the disease of one fish in an aquarium can cause the death of all aquarium animals, so it is better to prevent disease rather than cure. Fish are most often prone to diseases due to poor conditions, injuries during transportation, sudden changes in temperature and water parameters, quality of feed introduced, especially live, which can be infected by various parasites. Do not forget about the quarantine for new fish, because it is very sad to blame yourself for the death of so beloved fish after settling to them, apparently healthy, and in fact a sick fish.

The most common diseases of pearl goura, as well as other types of gourami include: lymphocytosis, pseudomonosis, aeromonosis.

Lymphocytosis (Lymphocystis) - A viral disease that contributes to the skin of the fish and alters mucous membrane cells. Blisters that appear on the skin can be seen even with the naked eye. The affected cell grows, breeds new viruses, and then breaks and all viruses fall into the water. Most often, the disease manifests itself on the outer edges of the fins, and only then affects the cells throughout the body.

Pseudomonosis - peptic ulcer, characteristic of many species of aquarium fish, the causative agent of which are aquatic microorganisms from the group of pseudomonads. These organisms can get into the aquarium with the soil, plants, infected fish. With the disease on the body of the fish dark spots are formed with their further transformation into bloody ulcers. And already through these ulcers in the body of the fish the doors for other viral infections are open. It is best to treat the fish in a separate quarantine tank without plants. For treatment use a solution of potassium permanganate at the rate of 0.5 grams per 10 liters of water. In such a composition, the infected fish is kept for 15 minutes. if you do not have a quarantine aquarium, then the infected fish can be treated in the general aquarium with bicillin-5, contributing 500,000 U of the preparation per 100 liters of water, repeated every other day at least six times.

Aeromonosis - an infectious disease, usually caused by the bacterium Aeromonos punctata, develops in very polluted and cold aquariums.

Sick fish become inactive, fall on the ground and do not eat. They have a swelling of the abdomen and a "flapping" of the scales. There are blood leaks all over the body and fin. This disease is very contagious and difficult to cure. In this connection, it is often recommended to completely disinfect the aquarium and destroy the fish.

A beautiful photo of a collection of pearl gourami

Interesting video about gourami pearl

fanfishka.ru

Gourami marble: reproduction and content

Surely everyone who has little experience in keeping and breeding fish or does not have it at all wondered: "Are there any fish that are easy to care for, but which will look gorgeous in an aquarium?". One of these options is Gouram Marble. This is a fish with an interesting body shape and beautiful colors. They are perfect for both breeders with experience and beginners, as they are easy to maintain and breed and live long enough.

Gourami marble in nature

In nature, these fish you will not find. This is a completely artificial form that was bred using breeding (by crossing the blue and spotted varieties) and is contained only in the aquarium. Marble gourami are absolutely the same in size and habits as their relatives, and differ only in color. The second name of the fish - Cosby - from the names of the American breeder Cosby, who brought them.

Blue gourami from which this breed was obtained, lives in Asia. They can be found in countries such as Indonesia, Sumatra and Thailand. They can live in the flooded lowlands, marshes, streams, irrigation canals, in rice fields and even in ditches. The main thing is that the reservoir should be with stagnant or slow-flowing water and with abundant vegetation.

When the rainy season comes, these fish can migrate to the spill sites, and after its termination return. Their main food in the wild is bioplankton.

What does Gourami look like in marble

The body of the fish is elongated in length and compressed from the sides. Form it resembles an oval.

The fins are large and rounded (all but the ventral). These look like thin mustaches and serve for touch.

The tail, as well as the dorsal and anal fins are dark gray with yellow speck. Anal stretches to the tail and is sometimes edged red. The fins located on the chest are transparent.

The color of the fish is dark blue or silver-blue. The whole body is covered with spots of different shapes, resembling a pattern on marble.

Gourami is a labyrinth fish. This means that in the oxygen-poor water he is able to breathe atmospheric air and thus survive.

The maximum size of Cosby is 15 cm, but more often they do not grow more than 10-11 cm. They live from 4 to 8 years.

It is easy to distinguish the female from the male at the age of 6-8 months (it was then that puberty begins in these fish): it has a less long, rounded fin on the back. In addition, the males are larger and slimmer than the females.


The nature and compatibility of Marble gourami

These are rather peaceful, slow and quiet fishes. They prefer to be in the upper and middle layers of water. Gourami are perfect for keeping in a common aquarium with fish of similar size and temperament.

The neighborhood with minors, neons, races, scalars, corridors, antsistrus, apistograms will be a good one.

And marble is absolutely incompatible with aggressive cichlids, parrots, labidochromis, goldfish, etc.

But for fry and small fish, these labyrinths can themselves be dangerous, since they will easily consider them as food.

Inside the species, clashes between males can occur, but their outcome is always safe. To avoid this, you can keep a pair of fish or two females and one male. If there are more than one males, then it is advisable to plant more plants and make shelters so that the weaker can hide in them.

Gourami Marble: content

Can size. For fry there will be enough an aquarium of 50 liters (for 5-7 fish), and for adults you will need at least 80 liters. If there is a lid or glass on top, then they should fit snugly, as Gourami needs breathing air.

The optimal distance between the lid and the water surface is at least 5-8 cm. The difference between the water and air temperatures should not be large, so that the fishes, swallowing cold air, do not catch a cold.

Water parameters. Despite good adaptability, it is better to adhere to optimal indicators for water: temperature in the range of 23-28 degrees, acidity - from 6 to 8.8 and hardness - from 5 to 35.

Filter it is better to set the minimum for the current, as they do not like strong fish. Aeration is optional. Weekly recommended to replace one-fifth of the water.

Lighting better bright top, and in the morning, preferably sunny.

Priming dark is recommended, then the color of Gourami will be as bright as possible, which means the fish will appear in the most advantageous light. Fine pebbles, granite chips, coarse sand will do.

Plants better to plant thickly in groups. Do not forget about the place to swim. It is usually left in the center, and the side and the background are planted with peristophagia, elodeis, cryptocoryne, vallysneria, tuna, echinodorus, Thai fern. Floating too should be. They will be needed to build a nest if spawning is planned in general. On the surface, you can put duckweed, Ritchia, piste, salviniya.

Decor. In addition to the overgrowths, it is not bad to construct several shelters of clay shards and snags.

How and what to feed the Marble gourami

These fish can eat almost any kind of feed:

  • living: artemia, bloodworm, pipeker, coretr;
  • frozen, including shredded meat;
  • dry: gammarus and cyclops in the form of flakes or granules;
  • vegetable: pre-chopped dandelion or lettuce leaves, bread crumbs, oatmeal.

When choosing food, the main criterion is the size of its particles, since the mouth of the fish is small. Large, they can easily choke. Well, the diversity and balance has not been canceled. Calmly endure a hunger strike lasting 1-2 weeks.

Gourami also destroy parasites (for example, the hydra of the planarian) that have fallen into the aquarium with food. They do not mind to eat and snails.

Gourami marble: reproduction

Most of these fish begin breeding at the age of 8 months to 1 year.

This procedure is not very complicated, but a spacious spawning tank (at least 30-50 l.) With an abundance of plants is required. The temperature of the water in it must be maintained at a level of 26-27 degrees, and its height should be about 13-15 cm. Soil is optional. Stiffness should be at level 10, and acidity - 7. It is recommended to cover the front glass. In the general aquarium, spawning is undesirable, since the fry may not survive.

For 1-2 weeks manufacturers share by sex, sit down and practice heavy feeding several times a day. You can give a live bloodworm and chopper. It is possible to determine the female's readiness for spawning by its full calf belly. Next, a couple is deposited in the prepared spawn.

The male begins to build a nest of foam and floating plants in the corner of the aquarium, holding them with saliva. It will be fry. During this period, he may begin to chase the female and she will need shelters. When the nest is built (approximately one to one and a half days), the marriage games begin. The male will flaunt and straighten the fins, trying to show themselves in the best possible way.

The ready-made female swims to the nest, settling under it, the male clasps her body and helps to lay eggs, as if squeezing her, and at the same time inseminates. Ikrinok is about 700-800. The male collects them by mouth and puts them in the middle of the nest. Despite the fact that there are quite a lot of eggs, most of the offspring, as a rule, die at this stage or at the age of fry.

After it is all over, the female is removed so that the male does not kill her. And he remains to care for the nest and offspring. Within a day and a half he does not eat anything, keeping his watch.

The male is removed when the fry begin to swim out of the nest (this is after about 3 days) so that he does not eat them or damage them when trying to return them.

The fry begin to feed "live dust", a microworm and an infusoria, as they grow up, transferring Artemia and nematodes to nauplii. Feeding dry food increases their death. Feed residues should be removed immediately. Maintaining the purity of the water and providing it with oxygen is very important, since the labyrinth organ of the Gourami does not form immediately. Fry need to be sorted by size, as they grow unevenly and larger individuals tend to eat their small counterparts.

Diseases of Marble gourami

After buying the fish you need to quarantine for one week. They themselves are resistant to bacterial infections, but are often carriers and can infect other fish. During this period, they are recommended daily 15-minute baths with solutions from salt, the antibiotic biomycin or oxytetracycline, a weak solution of greens, methylene blue or rivanol. Between the baths they are kept in a separate container with clean water.

The main pathogens of the disease are viruses, bacteria, worms, ciliates and microscopic fungi. They breed in the diseased fish, and then move to other inhabitants, causing the sea. Worsening conditions and feeding can provoke disease.

The following diseases are the most common among Gorami:

  • Lymphocystic. Signs: open sores, grayish nodules and flat black growths, surrounded by swelling. Fish looks like sprinkled with decoy.
  • Pseudomonosis. Signs: dark spots turning into reddish ulcers. Often accompanied by secondary infection with saprolegnios.
  • Aeromonosis. Infection occurs from food, most often in overpopulated household water bodies among weakened individuals. Signs: raised scales, inactivity, refusal to eat, swollen abdomen with bruises.

To avoid these troubles, it is enough to ensure proper care and proper feeding. But in general, it is very unpretentious, friendly, interesting and beautiful fish, which even a beginner can handle. And the ability to destroy aquarium parasites makes them doubly useful.

Gourami kissing: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami kissing Helostoma temminckii

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 23 - 27 ° С.

Ph: 6,0-7,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.

Compatibility Gouram Kissing: in fact with all the fish. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: For beginners and those who have not seen kissing gourami, ... it should immediately be said that the fish do not kiss))) Just the structure of its mouth and its movements create such an impression.

Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful, but sometimes aggression appears. Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

Gorami kissing inhabit Thailand and the island of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. In nature, gourami inhabit the waters of India and Indochina.

The generally accepted name of the fish is associated with the characteristic "kissing" movements of the lips, which the fish produce during feeding, manifestation of aggression, as well as during mating.

Dorsal and anal fin long, low. Fins are greenish and sometimes yellowish. The color of the kissing gourami is variable: gray-green, golden-pink, as well as yellow. There are albinos.

Differs calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. Easy to get along with non-aggressive neighbors. However, with a lack of space, fish can fight for territory, opening their mouths wide.

Kissing goura can be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters, densely planted with plants, as well as the presence of snags as a cover and a free swimming zone. The ground should be dark.

The temperature of the water for keeping Guram kisses is 23-27 ° C. Water parameters - hardness up to 16 °, pH 6.0-7.0. Fish breathe atmospheric air, but light aeration will not be superfluous. Need filtering and weekly substitution of up to 30% water.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photos with gurus kissing

Interesting video about kissing gouram



Content and reproduction of pearl gourami

The first mention of the gem pearls refers to 1933, and this fish came to Russia in 1949, and since then has become a new permanent inhabitant in home aquariums. It is not possible to reliably and colorfully describe this pearly beauty, but it is enough to see it only once in order to want to see this beauty in its living corner all the time. Gourami pearl - not the easiest to keep fish, but the representatives of this species will always love her, regardless of the level of their specialization in the aquarium business.

The habitat of its habitat in nature is in the east - this is India, the Malay Archipelago, Indonesia (Sumatra Islands, Borneo, Thailand). It gives preference to shallow, overgrown ponds.

Appearance

The shape of the body of the fish is oval, the sides are strongly compressed. The length of gourami is within 10-11 centimeters. The body is light silver, has a purple sheen. The peculiarity of the fish is its white dots, which have a pearl shimmer, all over the body. It is for her appearance that she became so called. Gourami is not evenly silvery: the back has an olive tint, and the gill covers, breast and belly in front are reddish. Over the entire length of the body there is a dark stripe, which consists of points.


The fish is characterized by an elongated anal fin, and the shape of the caudal fin is fork. The male has a simple shape fin on the back, rather long with a pointed end.The most characteristic features of gourami are almost colorless pectoral fins and modified abdominal, resembling a mustache and performing a tactile function (they aquarium fish familiarize themselves with the world, feeling the objects). Despite the overall size of the body, the mouth of the fish is small, which determines the type of feeding: small food.

They like to live in clean shallow reservoirs, in which the water is clean, standing or slow flowing. Preference is given to dense vegetation. It belongs to the category of shy aquarium fish, which, if a danger arises, immediately hide in the thickets. The life span of the pearl gourami with proper maintenance and care will be about 5-7 years. Fish reach sexual maturity at the age of 8-10 months.

Look at the pearl gouras in the aquarium.

Gender differences

The female pearl goura has a more modest size and has a more faded color. The male in appearance is distinguished by the dorsal fin. But the surest way to distinguish the male from the female comes in the mating period, when the male becomes brilliant in the literal sense of the word - the pearl dots become brighter, plus the red tinge of the abdomen and chest is noticeably enhanced.

How to keep a fish?

If you want to provide maintenance and care for only one type, then it is better to use an aquarium jar of about 60 liters. In such an aquarium, about 7 individuals will feel good about themselves. The optimal variant of the sex ratio: one male and a couple of females for him. Be sure to provide the aquarium with a lid (only so that it does not close tightly) or cover it with glass, providing access to oxygen and good ventilation, preventing ingress of cold air, which provokes fish diseases. The type of lighting does not matter, but its sufficient brightness is needed, at which the fish color is clearly visible.


Instead of specialized soil, it is preferable to lay river sand of large size with low silting, with a total layer thickness of about 5 centimeters.

An important point when creating an aquarium for gourami are plants. As already mentioned, this aquarium fish is very shy, therefore it is preferable to populate many plants in the aquarium so that they create shelter for it. But do not forget about the open spaces needed for free swimming. The best option is to land a peristist, Vallisneria and Elodie. Remember about superficial plants (for example, duckweed) - however, the main thing is not to overdo it, and not to close the entire surface. An excellent option would be to make several floating islands of plants, fastening them with contours to allow the fish to breathe atmospheric air.

When equipping an aquarium, keep in mind that this is a thermophilic look, for which the optimum temperature range will be from 24 to 27 degrees. Therefore, it is necessary to equip the can with a specialized heater. Gourami pearl salt content can withstand up to 20 dH. The priority is low-acid water with a pH of 6, however, the neutral reaction of the water will not be adversely affected.

It is preferable to keep the gourams separate from other species, although the problem will be just not in it - this is a very peaceful fish. For this reason, the aggressors may be even smaller fish. Additional difficulties arise because of his antennae, which will be attempted by all and sundry. If you can not make an aquarium specifically for gourami, then select the neighbors very carefully from the category of the most phlegmatic fish.

The best food will be just alive. But it may well feed and dry feed. The main rule - it should be small. In order to pamper your pet a little, you can sometimes feed him with bloodworms, cut pipemaker or small crustaceans, but do not accustom you to such feed.


Breeding processes

The general principle of reproduction of this aquarium fish does not have any fundamental differences from its relatives (Trichogasters) or in general from the fledgling ones. But it should be understood that there are several features. You need to know them if you are going to arrange their reproduction. In other cases, enough general information. Remember that if the temperature is elevated, then gourami can begin to breed right in the general aquarium. In this case, most likely, neighbors or the producers themselves will eat the whole offspring.

If you are interested in breeding gourami, then you need to prepare for it in advance. And care must be appropriate, different from the usual. In particular, to increase the guarantee of the preservation of offspring, it is best to provoke fish to spawn not earlier than late spring or early summer. During this period, sufficiently readily available food (in particular, ciliates, live screened dust) and the care of offspring will be easier.

See how the gouram swim with other fish.

Instead of conclusion

Aquarium gourami is a very capricious fish. However, its appearance and amazing color will always attract the attention of both beginners and professionals. She doesn’t get along well with her neighbors, she loves the heat, which is often unacceptable for most fish species. A beautiful bright male and a sparkling female do not give up their positions in the ranking of the favorite fish among aquarists of the whole earth. But remember that for its maintenance and care will take a lot of effort. What will be more than compensated when you watch the amazingly beautiful harems flashing among the plants in your home corner.

Gourami Pearl: content

Gourami pearl (family of labyrinths) is considered to be one of the most lovely and charming aquarium fish. Its unusual bright color will adorn your aquarium, and a peaceful disposition will allow you not to worry about the safety of your neighbors.

The homeland of these beauties is the waters of Thailand, Indonesia and South Vietnam. In nature, they live in overgrown and small reservoirs. The sun's rays almost do not penetrate the thickets, therefore, to move in the water, gourays actively use their pelvic fins, feeling the space in front of them. Thanks to a special organ, these fish can breathe normal air, therefore they feel great even in dirty and muddy water. They are rather shy and at the slightest danger they hide in dense vegetation.

Appearance

Despite the name, fish of this species are not only pearl colors. There are also gold, blue, marble and honey shades. The most popular among our aquarium fish lovers are marble and pearl due to the unusual color.

Marble specimens have a blue tint and a pattern similar to marble stains.

Pearlfish are distinguished by a silver-purple color, and the spotted pattern resembles a placer of pearls.

Usually a pearl gourami along the body is a narrow strip of dark color, and the fins have a rich blue-blue color. The front part of the body is bright orange, and during spawning it is painted in males with a fiery red color.

The body is oblong, compressed from the sides. The adult individual reaches 10-11 cm in length. The female and the male are distinguished by the dorsal fins (in males it is longer and pointed at the end, in females it has a rounded shape and is much shorter), as well as in size (males are larger). The mouth is rather small, so they should be given only small food.

Peculiarities of keeping gourami in aquariums

Aquarium. To maintain this species, you must have an aquarium that can accommodate more than 50 liters. This volume is enough for 6-7 pieces (2-3 males need 1 males). If there is a cap in the aquarium, it should not fit snugly, as air must be constantly circulated. For a layer of soil (5-6 cm) take a large river sand, suitable for the structure of algae growing in the aquarium.

Vegetation. These small fish love to hide and build their nests in the undergrowth, so lush, bushy vegetation is suitable for their maintenance: hendeer, valisneria, peristolistnik.

Do not use too many plantations, leave them a place to swim.

On the surface, you can expand the duckweed, collecting it in the islands. Just watch out for its growth: it should not cover the entire surface of the water so that the fish have access to the air.

Water parameters. Gourami love heat, so be attentive to the temperature of their habitat. It must be 24-27 ° C, otherwise the fish may get sick. Best of all, if the aquarium will be equipped with a heater with a thermostat. Try to regularly replace the water (25% of the volume of the aquarium per week).

Compatibility. Keeping them with other species is problematic. But it's not about the character of the gourays, and you can't call them fighting men. The case in the neighbors, which may attract their fins, like worms. If you still want to add other fish to them, find out if they are not aggressive or predatory, otherwise the gourami will not get along with them. Such undesirable neighbors include swordtails, barbs, some types of cichlids and haracin.


Nutrition

Gourami unpretentious food and almost omnivorous. In the wild, they feed on zooplankton, larvae and insects. In the aquarium they can use both live and dry food as food. Just make sure that it is small, because due to some anatomical features and a small mouth, gurus cannot eat large meals.

The basis of nutrition is best to take artificial food in the form of granules or flakes. The best delicacy for your pearly beauties will be cut pipe, artemia nauplii, koretra or small bloodworm. But try not to accustom them to such food. Adult fish can survive without food for a week. With proper care, gourami live from 5 to 7 years.

Breeding

Spawner. If you decide to breed these unusual fish, then first you have to buy a separate aquarium (30-40 liters), so that parents do not worry about their offspring. The water should be slightly softer (get a distillate at the pharmacy) and warmer than with their usual content (29-30 ° C). A few weeks before the start of spawning, wean the producers and give them only live food, the crank is best suited.

Be sure to prepare in advance a "shelter" - a small bunch of grass, since the male's lovingness sometimes goes off scale and the female needs somewhere to hide from him for a while. If the female begins to gain weight, then she is ready for throwing caviar. Gourami breeding is best practiced in late spring or early summer, when there is no shortage of live food.

House building. Gourami differ from other aquarium fish in that they build real housing for their caviar. Only the male is engaged in the nest, using his saliva, with which he connects the air bubbles. The future father is not distracted by anything, so usually this process takes him several days. When the house is ready, he begins active actions: he shows himself and his creation in all its glory. If the female is ready for fertilization, then she willingly follows the male to the nest, where spawning takes place.

Fry and care of them. The future father gently collects the impregnated eggs with his mouth and carries them inside the nest. After hatching, the fry will be located and develop directly in the vesicles. One adult healthy female can sweep about 2000 eggs at a time, but only a small part will be fertilized. Both parents often take care of the offspring. They vigilantly guard him and in case of dropping out of the nest they push him back. If the male shows aggressiveness towards the female, move her to a common aquarium.

The incubation period of gourami takes 1-2 days, and after 3-4 days the larvae will swim freely. When they grow up and begin to spread around the aquarium, the male will be transplanted, as it may harm them or even eat.

For feeding babies You need to purchase very small feeds. Nauplii of artemia, rotifers or ciliates will do. Try to provide the young stock with live food, since on dry most of it may die.

Features care for offspring. In addition to food, for the cultivation of healthy gourami requires very clean water. Change it regularly and remove leftover feed. Kids are rather fast but unevenly growing, so from time to time sort them by size, as large fry will eat smaller ones. To form a labyrinth (a special organ for breathing), lower the water level in the aquarium by about 10-12 cm.

Despite some inconvenience in the maintenance of gourami, this type of aquarium fish has attracted aquarists all over the world for about 100 years. If you create optimal conditions for them, gourami will delight you with their unusual color and interesting manner of behavior.

How to breed pearl gourami, look at the video:

Gourami Pearl - the perfect inhabitant of the aquarium

Gourami are ideal for breeding outside the will. The size of an adult individual does not exceed 11 centimeters. The ancestors of these fish were very common in the waters of Vietnam, Indonesia. Today, gourami pearl has the perfect color in order to make your aquarium unique. Throughout the silver-purple little body of the fish there are small spots resembling pearls.

All representatives gourami have distinctive features. The ventral fins at the edges are distinguished by peculiar threads that give them an unusual appearance. In the wild, it was necessary, because the water was turbid in the habitats, so the fin mutations are fully justified. In addition, all the fish have a different way of breathing. They need atmospheric air, so when transporting the fish, provide them with the opportunity to breathe on the surface of the water, otherwise they may not reach the aquarium.

Pearl Brothers

In addition to the pearl gouram, you can find blue, marble, honey, etc. All of them have common signs:

  • Elongated shape;
  • Oval body;
  • Dark stripes on a light background;
  • There are reddish spots on the back and tail;
  • Transparent fins.

All these fish are very beautiful. An interesting fact is that in the time of spawning in fish, eye color changes. From dark they become bright red. In addition, it is possible to determine that the maturity period has come due to the darkening of the transverse stripes on the body, and the anal fin has got bright spots that become very noticeable on a dark background.

You can distinguish a female from a male by coloring and fins. The male is much brighter than his girlfriend. But if to compare with each other there is no possibility, then pay attention to the shape of the dorsal fin - in males it is elongated and sharp at the end, and in the female it is round. Pearly gourami differs from typical spawning coloration. At this time, bright orange spots are formed on the breast of the fish. This phenomenon is very much awaited by avid aquarists, they have the opportunity to capture the subject of their pride. Fans of this type of fish are united in the community and share their achievements.

The content of pearl gourami

Gourami pearl is valued for its peace-loving nature. They were never seen in aggressive behavior. On the contrary, they are not rarely attacked by unkind neighbors. The former never attack, and in the event of a conflict, they try to quickly retire to the shelter — thickets of green algae. It is not recommended to keep them in an aquarium with swordsmen and barbs.

The maintenance of the aquarium does not take a lot of time and effort. For living pearl gourami do not need a large aquarium, 40 liters is enough. It is noticed that the dark ground in combination with bright light has a positive effect on the brightness of the color.

Conditions of detention:

  • Bright lighting;
  • Dark ground;
  • Presence of plants;
  • Availability of free space for swimming;
  • The water temperature is 24-28 degrees.

As you can see, it’s not difficult to provide ideal conditions for fish. Content in an aquarium with a large number of plants will make the microclimate among neighbors more friendly. Offended can always hide in the thickets. In addition, vegetation is necessary for the male to build a nest.

Oxygen starvation does not frighten these fish, but if you do decide to provide them with additional air flow, then pay attention that there are no strong currents. This can cause significant inconvenience to fish.

Gourmet gourami pearl is also not. He is happy to eat different types of food - frozen, dry, live. Purchase feed is ideal for feeding them, just pay attention that it is not too big, otherwise the fish may choke on them. You should not worry about their content during the departure; they are able to live without food for one or even two weeks. The life cycle of gourami about 6 years, which is not bad for aquarium inhabitants.

Breeding aquarium gourami

Due to a long period of life, pearl gourami begin to multiply only at the age of one. Content at the time of reproduction varies. For spawning it is better to choose another aquarium whose size does not exceed 30 liters. This must be done for the safety of the fry, as in the general aquarium they will definitely be eaten. In the new aquarium, the ideal temperature is 27 degrees.

Two weeks before spawning, the male and female are seated. It is necessary to change the feed, the ideal option is the bloodworm and core. Choose one that is larger than the fry. The signal that it is time to start breeding is an increase in the temperature of the water in the aquarium. Дополнительным стимулом для жемчужных рыбок будет добавление воды. Обязательное условие - нельзя доставать рыб из аквариума, достаточно менять часть воды на новую. Если хотите ускорить процесс, то используйте воду мягче, чем в основном аквариуме.

Самец строит гнездо для будущего нереста. В это время можно заметить достаточно крупное воздушное облако в густых зарослях. By the way about them, take care that the young parents have a refuge, individuals will not spawn without algae. Being engaged in construction, a male individual releases a small air bubble from his mouth, folding it into one place, he gets a nest about 5 centimeters in size. The female, as befits a real woman, does not participate in the construction.

Males are very courteous. They can chase the female for a long time if she is not ready. As soon as the moment X comes, she settles under the nest and begins to spawn. The male picks up the eggs, which swept the female and takes them to the nest. This process is very fascinating and amazing. Many aquarists dream to see it with their own eyes. The number of eggs can reach several thousand, but not everyone is destined to become adults. Surprisingly, the male takes the main part of nest care, the female believes that her mission is completed. They have enough work, it is necessary to maintain the nest in good condition and return the eggs to their place.

As soon as you notice that the fry have started to appear, it is necessary to set aside the caring father. The fact is that by returning their habits to the nest, it can cause significant damage to immature offspring. When the adults have been removed, begin feeding the young with small food so that they can cope with it. At the beginning of their lives, young gourams need additional oxygen, so provide an aeration system. At one point you can note that the fry develop unevenly. At this point, you need to plant large and small in different places, so you will increase their survival rate.

Video care and maintenance of grams pearl:

Pearl gourami care spawn photo video reproduction description

Pearl gourami care and maintenance

Aquarium. To maintain this species, you must have an aquarium that can accommodate more than 50 liters. This volume is enough for 6-7 pieces (2-3 males need 1 males). If there is a cap in the aquarium, it should not fit snugly, as air must be constantly circulated. For a layer of soil (5-6 cm) take a large river sand, suitable for the structure of algae growing in the aquarium.

Vegetation. These small fish love to hide and build their nests in the undergrowth, so lush, bushy vegetation is suitable for their maintenance: hendeer, valisneria, peristolistnik.

Do not use too many plantations, leave them a place to swim.

On the surface, you can expand the duckweed, collecting it in the islands. Just watch out for its growth: it should not cover the entire surface of the water so that the fish have access to the air.

Water parameters. Gourami love heat, so be attentive to the temperature of their habitat. It must be 24-27 ° C, otherwise the fish may get sick. Best of all, if the aquarium will be equipped with a heater with a thermostat. Try to regularly replace the water (25% of the volume of the aquarium per week).

Compatibility. Keeping them with other species is problematic. But it's not about the character of the gourays, and you can't call them fighting men. The case in the neighbors, which may attract their fins, like worms. If you still want to add other fish to them, find out if they are not aggressive or predatory, otherwise the gourami will not get along with them. Such undesirable neighbors include swordtails, barbs, some types of cichlids and haracin.

GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.

Reproduction of aquarium fish pearl gourami

If gourami males begin to build a nest of foam, then they are ready for reproduction. Usually, this happens at the age of a year. The male can and should be helped. Firstly, the water level in the aquarium during this period should not exceed 15 cm. Secondly, it needs building materials - it is therefore advisable to put small floating plants in the spawning grounds. They will also help the female to hide from the annoying grooming of the male after spawning.

Breeding gourami can and in the general aquarium. But if this does not happen, then reproduction must begin with the "moving" of the male from the main aquarium to the spawning ground. In a spawn of 15–20 l, there should be standing water so that the constructed nest does not collapse, the water temperature is heated to 28–29 ° C.

The male spends all his time around the nest, whose diameter reaches 7 cm. This is the future place for posterity. When the male has already acquired such a place, the female is transplanted to it.

Pregnant gourami looks like other pregnant fish - it has a rounded belly. And the male sees it. If the female is ready to spawn, then he immediately begins to care for her in every possible way, changes color and becomes especially beautiful. If the female is not ready, she can drive to the loss of her tail and fins or even to death. Before spawning, growers feed hard.

The process of mating pearl gourami

Mating gourami looks very funny: the male as if invites the female to the nest, and when she finally agrees, they settle down together under this shelter. The male turns his girlfriend upside down to the nest and squeezes her eggs from her, at the same time fertilizing. After that, he releases the female, and he picks up the eggs that have fallen to the bottom of the aquarium and returns them to the nest. It squeezes the male from the female several times, and each time it is harder for him to push the female under the nest. The male is angry and becomes aggressive, the female hides in the grass thickets. Spawning process can take up to 4 hours.

PEARLY GURAMI PHOTO

Growing fry gourami

After spawning, it is better to immediately remove the female, otherwise an angry father, protecting his nest and offspring, can throw out his aggression on her. The male gourami is actually engaged in the cultivation of fry. Eggs not bad keep in a foam nest, but if suddenly they sink, the male immediately reacts and returns them back. A day or two fry hatch. The incubation time depends on the temperature of the water, for which you need to constantly monitor: if the male feels wrong, he can stop taking care of the fry and destroy them. Also during this period he is not given any food. The father is left in the aquarium until the offspring learn to calmly blurred around the aquarium. A hungry dad "moves" back to the general aquarium, the nest without it begins to collapse, but it is no longer needed by the small gurus. Feed the fry gourami should be infusoria and zooplankton.

Breeding pearl gourami, one of the most beautiful species, is a little more difficult. It is recommended during the spawning period to be very sensitive to what is happening in spawning, in any case not to disturb the fish.

The reproduction of other varieties - gourami marble, blue, honey, etc. passes under the same scenario.

DESCRIPTION

PEARLY GURAMI Characteristic of external features

This fish has a rather high body, shape gourami pearl is flatter in the lateral area and drawn out in length. The body of the fish has a magnificent color of silver-purple color, a variety of nacre spots are located throughout the body and the fin zone, and a dark stripe stretches along the body. The name of this fish is due to the presence of spots, because they are very similar to pearls. The length of the fish is eleven centimeters. Pearl goura females are smaller than males in size and have a light color. Compared with female individuals, males are more elongated dorsal and anal fin. The chest and abdomen of males during the spawning process have a bright red-red color.

PEARLY GURAMI Habitat features

Have unique beauty pearl gourami, they are distinguished by their peaceful and quiet temperament, but the fish are rather shy. They live comfortably in an aquarium with various species of fish and calm in nature. Providing comfortable living conditions for these fish is quite simple, because they are unpretentious. Convenient aquarium for pearl gourami will be a pond of 40 liters in volume, filled with many plants and all kinds of shelters that are so necessary for fish. For them, dark ground will also be the most pleasant. Do not forget to leave the fish free space in the aquarium, where they can swim, and it is also important to maintain clean water and natural lighting. The following water parameters are comfortable for these fish: temperature in the range of 23 to 27 degrees, hardness not more than 16 °, and pH 6.0-7.0. Once a week you should filter and aerate the water, and also replace at least 30%. Moth, tubule, daphnia, i.e. live food, are suitable as food for gourami pearls; nevertheless, dry food is also suitable for feeding fish.

PEARLY GURAMI PHOTO

PEARLY GURAMI Appearance

Despite the name, fish of this species are not only pearl colors. There are also gold, blue, marble and honey shades. The most popular among our aquarium fish lovers are marble and pearl due to the unusual color.

Marble specimens have a blue tint and a pattern similar to marble stains.

Pearlfish are distinguished by a silver-purple color, and the spotted pattern resembles a placer of pearls.

Usually a pearl gourami along the body is a narrow strip of dark color, and the fins have a rich blue-blue color. The front part of the body is bright orange, and during spawning it is painted in males with a fiery red color.

The body is oblong, compressed from the sides. The adult individual reaches 10-11 cm in length. The female and the male are distinguished by the dorsal fins (in males it is longer and pointed at the end, in females it has a rounded shape and is much shorter), as well as in size (males are larger). The mouth is rather small, so they should be given only small food.

VIDEO PEARL BY HURAMS

PEARL GURAMI BREEDING

MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION

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