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Gourami - aquarium fish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

Domain: Eukaryotes;

Kingdom: Animals;

Type of: Chord;

Class: Ray fish;

Squad: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Rod: Trichogaster;

International scientific name: Trichogaster Blochet Schneider, 1801;

Other names: Gourami, Trichogaster, Colisa, Sphaerichthys, Sferichtis, Colise, Khelostomy, Trichogaster, Nitenos.

Gourami (Trichogaster) - one of the most popular types of aquarium fish today. They are unpretentious in content and are quite easy to breed, these fish can be safely recommended to all novice aquarists.

History gourami

The French scientist Pierre Carbonier dreamed of acclimatizing in France very interesting fish discovered in the tropics. Among them were wide-browed fish, constantly rising to the surface of the water and protruding the tip of the muzzle - gourami. However, they did not manage to get to Europe immediately. They were caught both in Thailand, in Vietnam, and on the islands of Malaysia, but the fish did not even survive the day and died. In those days, the transportation of exotic fish was carried out in wooden barrels, filled to the top with water. During the voyage, the steamer often experienced rolling, and so that the water from the barrel, and with it the fish, did not fly overboard, the wooden circle was lowered onto the surface of the water in the barrel, so that it completely covered the surface. Few people knew about the features of the biology of labyrinth fish, although at this time in Paris, Carbonier studied and successfully spread out the macropod. Having no access to atmospheric air, the poor fish survived only until the end of loading the barrels onto the ship. After many unsuccessful attempts, they were categorized as problematic, and their distribution stopped for twenty years.

Eyewitnesses were perplexed: in nature, the capture of gourays was carried out in rain barrels, gutters, abandoned quarries with unthinkably dirty and muddy water - what did the fish lack during transportation ?! Only at the very end of the 19th century, a certain discerning European, watching the capricious creatures in a natural reservoir, noticed that fish periodically rise to the surface of the water behind an air bubble. On the advice of the Indonesian conductor, he filled the carrying capacity with water only two-thirds and did not seal them. As a result, several thousand immigrants were delivered to their destination without a single loss.

In foreign amateur aquariums, gurus appeared only from January 1896, but it came to us only in the summer of 1897 and, moreover, from two sources at once: from Matte from Berlin and from V.M. Desnitsky, who brought her straight from Singapore.

Homeland Guram fish - habitat

In nature, gourami live in Southeast Asia (Indochina and Malay Peninsulas, Kalimantan Islands, Sumatra and Java).

The pearly gourami Trichogasterleeri inhabit the Malay Archipelago, Sumatra and Borneo. Lunar gourami Trichogaster microlepis is found in Thailand and Cambodia, Serpentine gourami Trichogaster pectoralis in southern Vietnam, Cambodia and eastern Thailand. The spotted gourami Trichogaster trichopterus has a wide range - from India to the Malay Archipelago. In different parts of this area there are many local forms that differ in coloring. In Sumatra, along with these forms, the blue gourami Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus dwells. The serpentine gourami, whose range approaches the oceanic shore opposite the island of Sri Lanka, has not moved to this island, however today it has mastered the Antilles reservoirs in Central America. Gourami are found both in stagnant and flowing waters, as well as in shallow streams, and in large rivers, and the spotted and brown gourami have mastered the tide zone and brackish estuarine waters.

Description gourami

Gourami (Gourami-nitrophores) are representatives of the genus of tropical freshwater labyrinth fish of the macropode family (Osphronemidae), whose length ranges from 5 to 12 cm (there is also a larger representative - serpentine goura reaching 20 -25 cm), and in aquariums rarely exceed 10 see. These wonderful creatures got their name for having elongated threadlike fins on the abdomen, which nature has bestowed on these fish for orientation in muddy natural bodies of water.

Like all labyrinth fish, gourami have a labyrinth (nadzhaberny body), resulting from the adaptation to life in water with low oxygen content. A funny feature of gourami is their ability to be without water for 6-8 hours (it is not worth checking and torturing !!!). The labyrinth organ is located in the nadzhabernoy cavity, in the extended part of the first branchial arch. In this cavity there are the thinnest bone plates covered with rich vessels and mucous membranes. If gourami can live without water, they cannot live without atmospheric air, they will die rather quickly in a closed vessel. The labyrinth organ develops only 2–3 weeks after the larvae hatch from the roe, therefore the fry need water saturated with oxygen. It is believed that the labyrinth organ serves to ensure that the fish can move from the reservoir to the reservoir: the fish gathers water into it, and when it moves from the reservoir to the reservoir, the gills are moistened, which prevents them from drying out.

It is worth remembering that when transporting fish over long distances, you need to take into account their need for air, otherwise the fish may die from suffocation. IMPORTANT: When transporting any labyrinths, it is impossible to pump oxygen into the package, capturing it with the mouth of the fish, "burn" the respiratory organs and die !!!

The shape of the body of the fish is elongated, flat, flattened laterally. The dorsal and anal fins of the elongated male are slightly sharpened, while in the female the dorsal fin is much shorter and rounded, the ventral fins are equal in size to the length of the fish and resemble thin mustaches. If for any reason your mustache has broken off with your gourami, don't worry, as soon they will grow back. The color of males is much brighter than females. Bright color is an indicator of the health of the fish.

With a cold snap gourami can easily catch a cold, so you need to very carefully observe the temperature.

Types of gourami

Today in home aquariums you can find a large number of varieties of gourami: pearl, blue, marble, golden, kissing, moon, honey, spotted, grumbling and others.

But in fact, there are only four kinds of nominal gourami - the kind of trichogaster:

- Pearl gourami (Trichogaster leeri).

- Lunar gourami (Trichogaster microlepis).

- Brown gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis) - the largest of the genus Trichogater. In an aquarium it can reach up to 15 centimeters in length, in nature it grows even larger. Nevertheless, in spite of its size, it is a peaceful fish.

- Spotted gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus). Here the last species has many different color variations - morphs: blue, yellow and white. These morphs and bring a certain confusion in the gradation of gourami - trichogasters.

In addition, it is worth noting separately that kissing gouras is not a Trichogaster genus at all, it is the Helostom genus - Helostoma. Actually, honey gourami is the genus Colisa - Colisa, grumbling gourami is the genus Trichopsis - Trichopsis, chocolate gourami - the genus Sferichtis - Sphaerichthys. But they are all in our post-Soviet space among the people GURAMI =) Below are the most popular species, morphs and false gurus.

Gourami Pearl

Trichogaster leeri

The body of the pearl gourami is tall, elongated, flattened laterally. The color of the body is silver-violet with numerous pearl spots (resembling pearls), scattered not only throughout the body, but also along the fins. An uneven dark stripe runs along the entire body. The length of the pearl gourami is 11 centimeters.

The male is much larger than the female, has a brighter color, elongated dorsal and anal fins. However, there is another, very characteristic feature - the coloring of the neck of pearl gouras: red in the male and orange in the female. These differences appear already at a young age, but are more pronounced in more adult individuals. And during the spawning period in the male, its color differences prevail: the neck and abdomen light up in a red tint, the pearl placer shimmers and sparkles. Therefore, the identification of the sex of fish does not cause difficulties at any age.

Pearl gourami badly tolerate transplants and "moving" to a new place - for a long time they remain timid and pale in color.

In nature, pearly gourami lives in the waters of India and Indochina, in the south of Malaysia and Thailand. In reservoirs carrying well-warmed clean water with rich dense vegetation.

In more detail in the article GURAMI PEARL: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami moon

Trichogaster microlepis

Currently, vegetation is rich in vegetation in Cambodia and Thailand. They were brought to Europe in 1951, and in 1981 they began to appear with aquarists of Russia.

The fish has a tall, slightly elongated body and compressed on the sides. The body is painted in a monochromatic bluish-silver color. In aquariums usually do not exceed 12 cm, and in the wild can reach 15 cm. Life expectancy from 5 to 7 years.

Fish - peaceful and fearful. They can contain almost all the peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium. But it is advisable to pick them in the neighbors fish of similar size.

For a comfortable living aquarium should be at least 50 cm in length, sometimes planted with plants, have shelters and free space for swimming. In addition, the aquarium should be floating plants that the fish used for spawning. To emphasize all the beauty of this fish, it is better to use dark colored soils.

In more detail in the article GURAMI LUNNY: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami blue

Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

In the nature lives in Southeast Asia, reservoirs of island Sumatra. In Europe, first appeared in 1958.

The blue gourami has a high, oblong and flattened body from the sides. Upper fin high, pointed. The lower fin begins from the pectoral fin and gradually expanding, ends at the base of the tail. Pectoral fins have the form of filiform antennae. They are organs of touch gourami and are constantly in motion. With the help of the pectoral fins of the fish get acquainted with the surrounding objects. The main color of the body is aqua color. On the sides there are transverse stripes of blue color and two black spots on each side: one in the center of the body, the second on the caudal stem. Unpaired fins adorn the silver dots scattered on them. In nature, blue gourami in length reaches 12-14 cm, in an aquarium they grow up to 8-10 cm.

The blue gourami is very peaceful and gets on well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes there are individuals that show aggression towards their relatives. Leads daytime life. Keeps in the middle and upper layers of water. It is very interesting to watch these fish: they are funny and do not miss the moment to frolic, they are curious about everything new, whether it is an element of decor or another fish.

In more detail in the article GURAMI BLUE: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami marble

Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

Gourami marble is a mutation of blue gourami. Big fish. Individuals of the species gourami marble in length can reach 13 cm. The body is oval, high, compressed laterally. Abdominal fins long, filiform. Anal fin wide. Marble body color: dark gray spots of irregular shape are located on a light gray background. Anal, dorsal and caudal fin dark gray, with numerous yellow specks. Pectoral fins clear, colorless. The male differs from the female by a narrower body, a bright color with elongated, more pointed dorsal and anal fins.

It is better to keep in an aquarium with a volume of 50 liters.

In more detail in the article GURAMY MARBLE: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami golden

Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus var. Gold

In nature, it lives in ponds rich in vegetation on the island of Sumatra.

The golden gourami has a tall, slightly elongated and compressed body. The goura's body is colored golden yellow with an orange tinge. On the side there are two dark spots, one in the middle of the body, the other on the tail stem. Blue spots are scattered on the body and fins. The male is larger and brighter than the female. In length it grows up to 13 cm. Life expectancy of a fish in an aquarium with the right content is up to 7 years.

Golden gourami is a peaceful, shy little fish that, in case of danger, prefers to hide in dense thickets. It gets along well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes, the males show aggression towards each other. Lead daily life. Keeps golden goura in the upper and middle layers of water.

It is necessary to keep golden gouras in a well-lit aquarium with a volume of 100 liters (4 fish) with thickets of living plants (including floating plants) and free swimming space. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them), the ground is dark.

In more detail in the article GURAMI GOLD: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Kisses kissing

Helostoma temminckii

Gorami kissing inhabit Thailand and the island of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. In nature, gourami inhabit the waters of India and Indochina.

The popular name of the fish "kissing" is associated with the characteristic "kissing" lip movements that fish produce during feeding, manifestation of aggression, as well as during mating.

Dorsal and anal fin long, low. Fins are greenish and sometimes yellowish. The color of the kissing gourami is varied: gray-green, golden-pink, and also yellow. There are albinos.

Differs calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. Easy to get along with non-aggressive neighbors. However, with a lack of space, fish can fight for territory, opening their mouths wide.

You can keep kissing goura in an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters with densely planted vegetation, you also need the presence of snags as a cover and a free-swimming zone. The ground should be dark.

In more detail in the article GURAMI KISSING: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING, PHOTO-VIDEO REVIEW.

Gourami chocolate

Sphaerichthys osphromenoides

Chocolate gourami are found in Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo) and Malaysia.

The body of the Chocolate Gourami has a red-brown or chocolate color, with a slight greenish tint. The whole body is crossed by several light yellow to white color transverse stripes of various widths and lengths. Anal fin with narrow yellow border. The size of the fish does not exceed 40-50 mm.

The male has a straight lower jaw profile and has a sharper head than that of the female. In the female, the lower jaw is rounded due to tensile skin, due to the need to incubate the eggs. But so familiar to all the differences in the form of bright colors and pointed elongated unpaired fins should not be relied upon to determine the sex.

More details in the article Gurami chocolate: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review.

Ghouls nagging

Trichopsis vittatus

Currently, most of Indochina, the peninsula of Malaysia and Singapore are settled.

The fishes are peaceful and slightly fearful. They can easily be kept in a common aquarium with other peace-loving fishes. It is advisable to keep a small flock of 6-8 fish, in a ratio where there will be one or two females per male.

In captivity, the ghouls grumbling eagerly eat dried food, but do not forget to include in the diet a sufficient amount of small live or frozen food, such as Daphnia, Artemia or chironomid larvae (the well-known bloodworm), which will allow to achieve optimal color.

An aquarium with ghouls nagging densely planted with various plants, leaving room for free swimming. Since the fish do not like bright light, floating plants are placed on the surface, which serve not only as a source of dispersion of rays, but also serve as material for building a nest. Grateful fish will be for the presence of kryagi and a variety of shelters. It is preferable to use dark soil.

In more detail in the article by GURAMI'S MANAGER: CONTENT, COMPATIBILITY, BREEDING.

Photo table

most beautiful labyrinth fish

(species and morphs)

the most beautiful labyrinth fish

Compatibility gourami

Gourami are very peace-loving and calm fish that easily make friends with all other peaceful types of fish (fighting, lyalius, ternii, etc.). However, it is worth remembering that too fast types of fish (such as swordtails and barbs, shark balls) like to chase the mustache. When choosing neighbors, it should also be remembered that gourami are soft water and acidic fish, that is, they prefer pH and dH below 7. It is desirable to maintain these comfortable water parameters for the goura themselves and select such "soft water" neighbors.

Registration of an aquarium for gourami

It is necessary to design an aquarium for a large number of plants, which corresponds to their natural habitat conditions, the availability of places for free swimming and, of course, shelters in which they can stay for a long time.

What to feed gourami?

In feeding Gourami absolutely not picky and ready to eat any food found. Like other fish, Gourami will be very grateful to you for a varied diet consisting of both dry and live food (bloodworm, pipe sweeper, daphnia, etc.). В естественных условиях обитания рыбки лакомятся различными насекомыми, личинками (малярийного комара), растительностью.

Стоит отметить и тот факт, что здоровая взрослая особь может обойтись без корма до двух недель.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arawan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Terms of maintenance gourami

Comfortable conditions for gourami is an aquarium of 40 liters, and it is desirable that the water level be at least 30 cm and not more than 50 cm. Since the fish loves acidified water, the presence of a strong flow from the filter is not desirable. Acceptable water temperature is from 23 to 26 degrees, although it will easily endure a decrease to 20 degrees and an increase to 30 degrees. Stiffness should not exceed 16. Acidity from 6 to 7. Weekly changes of 1/3 of water are necessary. Aeration of water for gourami is not necessary, but for the aquarium itself, the oxidation process plays an important role, they are difficult without aeration, and therefore aeration is desirable. Fishes prefer the presence in the aquarium dense vegetation with the obligatory presence of floating plants, but do not forget about the availability of swimming places. The combination of dark soil and bright lighting will allow you to get from your pets the most saturated color. Humic substances released by snags not only enhance the health of the fish, but also make the water look like water in habitats. Swim gouram prefer in the middle and upper layers of water. An aquarium with gourami should be fitted with a lid or covered with a cover glass to prevent the fish from jumping out of the aquarium. Life expectancy is 5 - 7 years.

Sexual dimorphism - the difference between male and female gourami

Gourami sexual dimorphism, regardless of species, can be traced quite clearly - males are larger and slimmer, their color is brighter, fins are longer. The dorsal fin in males is larger and elongated; in the female it is rounded; this is the most reliable sign for determining the sex of gourami.

Breeding and breeding gourami

Breeding gourami does not require large skills and investments. To begin with, it is possible to breed these fish both in the general aquarium, and in a separate small spawning aquarium into 20 liters with a height of water column from 10 to 15 centimeters.

If spawning is carried out in a general aquarium, then the main condition will be the presence of floating plants on the surface (Ricci, rogolistnik, duckweed, etc.) and the absence of a strong current so as not to destroy the foamy nest created by the male.

If spawning is carried out in a spawning aquarium, then you need the water to have the necessary parameters: water temperature 24 - 26 ° C, hardness 4 - 10, acidity 5.8 - 6.8, plants floated on the surface, and at the bottom there was a shelter for the female. Next, in the spawning aquarium we have selected, we first subdivide the male. Richly feed a couple, preferably a live feed, for a couple 1 to 2 weeks. Just before spawning, we replant the female in the spawning aquarium. And watch the very exciting games of the couple. Gourami change their color to a brighter one, they float with straightened fins. The male, as a caring father, constantly maintains the foam nest in the whole condition.

And he builds his nest of air bubbles released from the mouth along with saliva. The male needs about 3 days to build a foam nest. Do not worry if during this period the male is not active in food and only huddles around his building. And when the nest is fully built, the spawning of gourami begins. The male in every possible way tries to drive the female under his nest, and having driven them, begins to fertilize the game, which easily floats to the surface of the aquarium water. The spawning period usually lasts 3–4 hours, with several visits. To speed up the spawning process, you can add 1/3 of the volume of the spawning aquarium of distilled water with a temperature rise of up to 30 ° C. Ignoring rhinestones in the nest caviar, caring father collects and transfers to the nest. Usually the female sweeps out about 200 eggs, maybe more. At the end of spawning, the fish rush in different directions: the female goes to the shelter, and the male rushes to the nest, where he will take care of the eggs until the hatching of the fry. But the female must be immediately deposited so that she is attacked by the male, or does not damage the nest with eating eggs from an inexperienced dad. Incubation period caviar goura from 24 to 48 hours. The development of caviar depends on the temperature of the water in the aquarium.

Time passes, the larvae hatch out of the calf and hang motionless in the foam of the nest, and after falling out, they immediately return to the place by the caring father. After 2 - 3 days the larvae pass into the fry stage and begin to swim. The male is here on the alert, he collects fry by mouth and carries them to the nest. As soon as all the fry hatch and start swimming in the spawning aquarium, we catch the male so that he does not eat his offspring. The male is not fed during the entire period of caring for the offspring. When larvae appear, it is necessary to lower the water level to 6-10 cm and maintain it until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, which takes at least a month. If there are a lot of larvae, then it is necessary to provide weak aeration in the spawning aquarium.

Fry are abundantly fed with infusoria, small “dust”, yogurt, and special food.

TetraMin Baby

The main feed enriched with protein for fry up to 1 cm. With a new formula that helps preserve the purity of water. Feed very finely milled. Contains a full range of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements necessary for schooling fry. TetraMin Baby promotes balanced and healthy growth and prevents malnutrition symptoms at a critical time in the fry, reducing the likelihood of illness due to malnutrition.

The main thing is to ensure that the food is fully eaten by the fry, and remove the excess in time. Fry gourami do not grow evenly, larger and more developed begin to compete with small ones, and can eat them. Here you decide, either to constantly sort the fry into groups, or to rely on the natural instinct and you will have the most developed and strong individuals.

We also mention the peculiarities of breeding gourami: first, the formation of a pair for spawning should occur in a natural way, based on the observation of the grown up fish living in the pack; second, young fish between the ages of 8 months and 1 year spawn well, if you miss this period, you can not wait for the offspring at all; the third - gourami like clean water, therefore the water in the spawning aquarium should be transparent; fourth, during spawning, it is better to provide the fish with complete peace and to cover the front side of the spawning aquarium (with a towel, cardboard, paper, etc.); fifth - sometimes gourami are able to spawn in an aquarium without having a nest. In this case, the caviar spreads over the surface of the water and fry are also successfully derived from it.

Author Alexander Isakov

Foster editor

Beautiful photos of gourami fish

A selection of interesting videos about grooves

Varieties of aquarium gourami

Gourami (Latin Trichogaster) is a genus of freshwater tropical fish of the suborder Labyrinth, Macropod family. It charges six species. The scientific name Trichogaster (with filaments on the belly) was gourami thanks to the thread-like rays of the abdominal fins, which are additional organs of touch in the aquatic environment. In addition to the gills, all kinds of gourams can breathe with a special labyrinth organ, it dissolves oxygen in the body.


Natural habitat - regions of Southeast Asia. All varieties of these fish are distinguished by a calm and peaceful nature, some display individual traits of behavior. For example, the males of pearl gouras enter fights for the attention of the female. They make loud noises, letting air out of the labyrinth organ, which can last for hours. Endemics of Asian reservoirs grow in length of 30-35 cm.

Many species - aquarium pets. The most popular gourami: dwarf, pearl, kissing, serpentine, honey, marble, blue. They are united by common external features - the body is oval in shape, flattened at the sides, small in size. In some natural and hybrid species, spots or streaks are visible on the body. Gourami have transparent or translucent fins on the body, the abdominal ones end with filamentous processes. On the anal fin can be found red edging. The eyes are small, with a reddish tinge.

Look at the gourami in the aquarium.

Conditions of detention

After buying the fish it may seem that their scales have become faded. This is not a disease, but stress - when they get used to a new home, the body color will return. For two weeks it is better to quarantine a new pet, this procedure is important in order to investigate the state of health before launching into a common reservoir.

This aquarium fish can grow up to 15 cm in size, so the tank for it should be at least medium in size. For a couple of fish, you can use an aquarium with a capacity of 100 liters or more. On top of it you need to cover with a lid, but not glass. Fish prefer warm water. It is important that the air and water temperatures are the same. From time to time your pets will trap air from the surface of the water, so there should be a gap between the lid and the surface of the water.

The permissible temperature of the aquatic environment should be 22-26 degrees Celsius, a significant drop in temperature is harmful to health. Water hardness up to 16 dGH, acidity 6.0-7.0 pH. Every week you need to replace 25% of the water for fresh. Aeration is needed because it prevents the oxidation of organic matter.


Aquarium gourami like a lot of vegetation, where you can hide. Natural biotope will remind floating plants, Javanese moss. It is necessary to set the scenery so that the fish were where to swim. The upper and middle layers of water - their constant space. Dark substrate will be suitable as a substrate; illumination is desirable bright - 10 cm distance from the LB lamp to the surface of the aquarium. You can put in the tank wooden snags, emit humic substances, which are also beneficial to the health of pets. Under favorable conditions and regular care, the fish will live 5-10 years.

Settled in a common tank should be with peaceful and small fish that can swim in the lower layers of water. Predators, even small sizes can pluck them fins or physically destroy them. Suitable aquarium neighbors:

  • Angelfish;
  • Barbusses (partially);
  • Danio;
  • Mollies;
  • Botsia;
  • Corridors;
  • Iris;
  • Rasbory;
  • Labeo;
  • The Swordsmen;
  • Tetras.

Wild gourami are omnivorous fish, in freshwater bodies of water they eat zooplankton, insects, and sometimes plants and algae. They have a small mouth, so food should be chopped. Aquarium species of fish can eat live and frozen, artificial food, plant food. It is recommended to give bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, ciliates, crushed snails, finely chopped earthworms. Sometimes you can add lettuce, food containing spirulina. Giving food better 1-2 times a day in very small portions, it is important not to overfeed, otherwise the fish will appear constipated.

Watch a video about breeding pearl gouras.

Breeding

Breeding gourami - a simple process, it is enough to know when they are ready to breed, and where to settle them during the spawning period. Of course, the best way to acquire fry is to establish a separate spawning ground. Increasing the temperature in it to 28-29 degrees, bringing the hardness to 10 °, the acidity of water to a pH of 6.5-7.0. A few weeks before spawning, you need to feed a couple of fish a live feed with protein content. A few weeks after preparation, the female will round up, and caviar will develop in her. Next, manufacturers run into the aquarium with clean water, but not strong over. In the tank should be floating plants, shelters. In the labyrinth nest, the male usually nests, and he also cares for the eggs. Some species have peculiar premarital behavior, but often the rules of breeding are common. The male builds a nest of bubbles and plants, bonding the "structure" with saliva.


During spawning, fish can make sounds that resemble rumbling or croaking of frogs. This is a consequence of the work of the labyrinth organ located under the gills. The male invites the female to his nest, and begins a dance with her, helping to free herself from her calf. Then he fertilizes her and transfers her to the nest, the fallen eggs return to their place. Some gourami produce 200-300 eggs, the serpentine female produces up to 1000 eggs and more. The incubation period is from 24 to 72 hours depending on the water temperature.

After spawning, the female can be immediately deposited, and the male should be left until the fry are billed. First, they eat up the contents of the yolk sac, later they will begin to swim independently in search of small food. Starter feed - ciliates, liquid feed for fry. Later, the larvae of Artemia can be given, but make sure that they are small. Children also need access to atmospheric oxygen for the proper development of the labyrinth organ. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 6-12 months.

Gourami kissing: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami kissing Helostoma temminckii

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 23 - 27 ° С.

Ph: 6,0-7,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.

Compatibility Gouram Kissing: in fact with all the fish. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: For beginners and those who have not seen kissing gourami, ... it should immediately be said that the fish do not kiss))) Just the structure of its mouth and its movements create such an impression.

Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful, but sometimes aggression appears. Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

Gorami kissing inhabit Thailand and the island of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. In nature, gourami inhabit the waters of India and Indochina.

The generally accepted name of the fish is associated with the characteristic "kissing" movements of the lips, which the fish produce during feeding, manifestation of aggression, as well as during mating.

Dorsal and anal fin long, low. Fins are greenish and sometimes yellowish. The color of the kissing gourami is variable: gray-green, golden-pink, as well as yellow. There are albinos.

Differs calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. Easy to get along with non-aggressive neighbors. However, with a lack of space, fish can fight for territory, opening their mouths wide.

Kissing goura can be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters, densely planted with plants, as well as the presence of snags as a cover and a free swimming zone. The ground should be dark.

The temperature of the water for keeping Guram kisses is 23-27 ° C. Water parameters - hardness up to 16 °, pH 6.0-7.0. Fish breathe atmospheric air, but light aeration will not be superfluous. Need filtering and weekly substitution of up to 30% water.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photos with gurus kissing

Interesting video about kissing gouram



Gourami nagging: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Ghouls nagging

Trichopsis vittatus

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Radiopaque fishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

View: Ghurami nagging;

International scientific name: Trichopsis vittata, G. Cuvier, 1831.

Also known as: Osphromenus vittatus G. Cuvier, 1831; Ctenops vittatus (G. Cuvier, 1831); Trichopus striatus Bleeker, 1850

Parameters of water for keeping gurus grumbling in an aquarium

Temperature: 22-28 ° C,

Stiffness: 18 to 268 ppm

Acidity: pH 5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: non-aggressive 10%.

Volume of aquarium for a couple: from 10 liters.

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 20-30% water.

Habitat gourami grumbling

Currently, most of Indochina is populated: the Mekong River basin in Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, southern Thailand, the lower part of the Salween basin in Myanmar. Meet on the peninsula of Malaysia and Singapore. In Europe, the fish were introduced in 1899.

Description of gurus grumbling

The body is elongated, slightly flattened from the sides. The fish has a pointed snout. The size in an aquarium is up to 80 mm, usually 60 - 70 mm.

Color: The main body color is golden. The sides are whitish with turquoise shine along which 2-4 longitudinal strips pass. Fins are translucent with greenish dots.

Sexual dimorphism by the ghouls of the grumbling - males are larger than females and have longer fins.

Compatibility of ghouls nagging

The fishes are peaceful and slightly fearful. They can easily be kept in a common aquarium with other peace-loving fishes. It is advisable to keep a small flock of 6-8 fish, in a ratio where there will be one or two females per male. If there are fewer fish, there will often be various skirmishes between them, and because of this they will have less time to grumble. It is also impossible to keep several pairs of fish in a small aquarium, as during spawning the males fiercely guard their territory and very often injure each other.

It is better not to lodge shrimps with grouse grumbling, the latter can become a source of food. Snails, these fish eat "by mood".

In spite of their peace-loving nature, the males with the ghouls nagging are quite aggressive towards small fishes of the same sex of their own species. Under the protection of the territory, the males do not fight to the death, but reward each other with butting and occasionally tear their fins to each other. During the clashes, the males loudly “grumble”, these sounds can be heard a few meters from the aquarium. Males can also grumble in front of females. Females are less aggressive. Fishes of the opposite sex are usually not touched, sometimes they are “overwhelmed by authority”, but they can be patted if they guard the nest. Fish of larger species can offend gourami, especially cichlids and large barbs - slow-moving labyrinths are a temptation for fans to tweak the fins. Small gourami grunts usually do not touch, although it is not necessary to sit down to them one or two centimeters fry. Best suited for a species aquarium.

What to feed gourami grumbling

In captivity, the ghouls grumbling eagerly eat dried food, but do not forget to include in the diet a sufficient amount of small live or frozen food, such as Daphnia, Artemia or chironomid larvae (the well-known bloodworm), which will allow to achieve optimal color.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Conditions of keeping ghouls nagging

Peaceful, fairly mobile fishes emit during the period of excitement, especially males, grumbling sounds. You can contain in the general aquarium, which it is desirable to close from above, so that warm air is above the water surface, otherwise, the fish will capture cold air and may catch a cold.

An aquarium with ghouls nagging densely planted with various plants, leaving room for free swimming. Since the fish do not like bright light, floating plants are placed on the surface, which serve not only as a source of dispersion of rays, but also serve as material for building a nest. Grateful fish will be for the presence of kryagi and a variety of shelters. It is preferable to use dark soil.

Breeding and breeding gouram nagging

The sexual maturity of the ghouls nagging comes after 9 months. It is better to carry out breeding in a spawning aquarium with a length of 200 mm. The aquarium should be equipped with narrow-fitting coatings (some breeders use food wrap / plastic wrap). The water level should not exceed 100 - 150 mm, as the fry need warm humid air, without which the development of the labyrinth organ can be disturbed. Water should be soft with a temperature of 27-30 ° C, which in turn will serve as a stimulus for the start of spawning.

There is no need to mate the male and the female. In turn, the male builds a nest of foam both under the leaf of plants, and near the surface, and sometimes in the water column. When the nest is completed, the male signals the female about this through the elongated dorsal, anal and caudal fins, and if the female approaches in an upright position "face up", it emits a series of 'purring' sounds.

The female spawns up to 700 eggs, after which it is removed. Male caring for caviar and larvae. The incubation period lasts about 48 hours, after which the fry are left in the nest for another 3 to 4 days, until the yellow sacs dissolve completely. When the fry begin to swim freely, the male is removed from the spawning aquarium. Starter feed for the first few days for fry - live dust (ciliates, rotifers).

Important!!! Water changes should be done frequently and in small portions, and in no case not rarely and in large portions.

Author Alexander Isakov

Beautiful photo collection gourami nagging

Popular video about gourami grumbling

Kissing gouram care spawn photo video description.

CASTING GURAMS CONTENT AND CARE

These Kissing Gourami are very unpretentious. Although they can breathe atmospheric oxygen, this does not mean that they do not have to change their water. They also suffer from toxins like other fish, and you need to replace up to 30% of the water weekly. The only thing, while cleansing the walls from algae, leave the back intact, gourami will clean it regularly.

Kissing gouras swim around the aquarium, but prefer the middle and upper layers. Since they regularly swallow air from the surface, it is important that it is not tightly covered by floating plants.

The aquarium should be spacious, as the fish grows large enough. Filtration is desirable, but without a strong flow. Better kissing gourami looks on the background of dark soil, and as a decor, you can use stones, snags, which will serve as a shelter for fish.

Plants are optional, but desirable. However, remember that in nature, kissing gourami feeds on aquatic plants and will do the same in an aquarium. It is necessary to plant solid species - Anubias, mosses.
Water parameters can be different, but preferably: temperature 22-28 ° C, ph: 6.0-8.8, 5 - 35 dGH.

GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.

kissing gourami

DESCRIPTION OF KIND

Kisses kissing in nature

Helostoma temminckii (this is the Latin name) is inhabited by freshwater bodies of Southeast Asia, and more specifically, most of the countries of Indochina and a number of islands of the Malay Archipelago (Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan).

In addition, they were introduced (that is, moved outside the natural range to new habitats) on the territory of Colombia, New Guinea, Sri Lanka and the Philippine Islands.

These labyrinths live in shallow reservoirs with abundant vegetation and very slow flow. They can be found in rivers, lakes, marshes, artificial ponds and even ditches in rice fields.

At home, they are considered commercial fish, which are specially bred and sold.

In nature, there are two color variations: gray and pink.

  • The first is a resident of Thailand. His body is greyish green.
  • The second is a pinkish Indonesian with silvery scales and transparent fins. For obvious reasons, there are pink individuals on sale.

“Wild” gourami can eat both plant and animal food. A well-developed gill apparatus filters out zooplankton in the water. Moving lips with numerous small teeth do an excellent job with scraping algae from various underwater surfaces and plucking pieces of plants. Do not forget that these members of the family of Chelostomovs are quite good hunters and can catch insects near the surface of the water.

kissing gourami

Briefly about the history of the species

This species was first discovered and described in 1829 by the French zoologist Cuvier. But the species epithet fish owe a Dutch zoologist Konrad Temminku. The first successful breeding of chelostomy occurred in 1950 in Florida, and since then it has not lost popularity for a long time. She reached Russian aquarists around the 1970s.

Spawning and reproduction

Breeding For breeding kisses Gourami need a spawning aquarium with a volume of 100 liters. It is advisable to thickly plant it with aquatic plants, including floating ones. It can be a water fern and richi. Presence in the spawning ground is not necessary. Spawning can be done by pair or group method. It is stimulated by the addition of water with a temperature rise of 2-3 degrees, a decrease in its hardness. Spawning occurs in the evening. His forerunner are "kisses" when a couple touches the stigma and is in this position for a long time. When spawning, the male embraces the back of the female with his body, as if expelling caviar from it. With each such hug, she throws caviar more and more, and her total comes to 6,000 pieces. Kiss Gurami kissing amber color. It rises to the surface of the water or glued to the plants. After spawning, parents should be transplanted and the water level should be lowered to 15 cm. Then, weak aeration should be included. The incubation period for a kissing Gourami usually lasts about a day. Fry swim and feed in 1.5-5 days with infusoria or rotifers. After one week, vegetable supplements should be added to their diet.

COMPATIBILITY

In their youth, they are well suited for common aquariums, but mature individuals become aggressive. They can attack small fish, and sometimes even big ones. Adults kissing gourami should be kept separately, or with fish larger than them. Aggressiveness depends a lot on a particular individual, some quite successfully live with others, and some are slaughtered to death.

You can keep with your own kind, but it is necessary that the aquarium is spacious and it is important not to contain too many individuals. Kissing gourami developed a strict hierarchy, both sexes will constantly compete with each other, kissing and pushing each other. By themselves, such actions do not lead to the death of the fish, but less dominant individuals can suffer severe stress and it is important that they can take cover.

Consider that excellent hunters and whitebait, as well as small fishes, will be his first victims for kissing gouras.

PEARL BY GURAMI CARE SPRING PHOTO VIDEO REPRODUCTION DESCRIPTION

kissing gourami

SEX DIFFERENCES

How to distinguish a male from a female in a kissing gurus is currently unclear. The only female ready for spawning has a more rounded abdomen than the male.

HABITATION IN NATURE

Kissing gourami was first described by Cuvier in 1829 and named after the Dutch doctor Temminck. Lives throughout Asia - Thailand, Indonesia, Borneo, Java, Cambodia, Burma. They live in rivers, lakes, canals, ponds. Prefer stagnant water with dense vegetation.

In nature, there are two color forms, pink and gray, which live in different countries.

However, it is pink kisses that received widespread use in aquariums. In countries where they live, are fish that are often eaten.

HONEY GURAMI CARE SPORTS PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY.

kissing gourami

FEEDING

Omnivores, in nature, feed on algae, plants, zooplankton, and insects. In the aquarium, they eat all kinds of live, frozen, or branded food. For example, bloodworm, coretru, artemia, tubule. It is necessary to feed with vegetables and vegetable pills, otherwise they will spoil the plants.

VIDEO CASTING BY HURAMS

GOLDEN GURAMI CARE SPREAD DESCRIPTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY.

MARBLE GURAMI CARE SPRING PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY.

Gourami Lunar: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami lunar Trichogaster microlepis

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Domain: Eukaryotes;

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Liverfishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Genus: Gourami-nitriform;

View: Lunar gourami;

International scientific name: Trichogaster microlepis, Guenther, 1861.

Also known as: Osphromenus microlepis Guenther, 1861.

Parameters of water for keeping gurami lunar in an aquarium:

Temperature: 23-26 ° С

Stiffness: up to 20,

Acidity: pH 6.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: non-aggressive 10%.

Volume of aquarium for a couple: 50 liters.

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 20-30% water.

Habitat gourami lunar

Currently, vegetation is rich in vegetation in Cambodia and Thailand. They were brought to Europe in 1951, and in 1981 they began to appear with aquarists of Russia.

Description gourami lunar

The fish has a tall, slightly elongated body and compressed on the sides. The body is painted in a monochromatic bluish-silver color. In aquariums usually do not exceed 12 cm, and in the wild can reach 15 cm. Life expectancy from 5 to 7 years.

Sexual dimorphism of gurus of the lunar - male and female

The male gourami moon is larger than the female. His dorsal fin is longer and sharper. The male threadlike fins have an orange tint, but the female has a yellowish one.

And, of course, the male gives off a red-orange hue of the breast during the mating season.

Compatibility gurami lunar

Fish - peaceful and fearful. They can contain almost all the peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium. But it is advisable to pick them in the neighbors fish of similar size.

What to feed gurami lunar

In feeding gourami the moon is completely picky and ready to eat any food found. Like other fish, gourami will be very grateful to you for a varied diet consisting of both dry and live food (bloodworm, pipe builder, daphnia, etc.). Prone to overeating.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Conditions of detention gurami lunar

For a comfortable living aquarium should be at least 50 cm in length, sometimes planted with plants, have shelters and free space for swimming. In addition, the aquarium should be floating plants that the fish used for spawning. The presence of the aquarium cover is necessary, because Fish breathe atmospheric air and capture it from the surface of the water. Above the aquarium should not be cold air, and even more drafts.

Cultivation and breeding gourami lunar

Like all trichogaster, at the lunar gurus during the spawning process, the male builds a nest of foam. It consists of air bubbles and particles of plants, to give strength. However, it is quite large, about 24 cm in diameter and 14 cm in height.

Before spawning, a pair of producers are abundantly fed with live food. After a couple of lunar gourae are deposited in a spawning aquarium, with a capacity of 100 liters or more. The water level in it should be low, 15-20 cm, the water is soft, slightly acidic with a temperature of 28C. On the surface of the water you need to put floating plants - riccia, duckweed, and in the aquarium itself to establish dense bushes of long-stemmed plants, where the female can hide.

As soon as the nest is ready, the marriage games will begin. The male swims in front of the female, straightening the fins and inviting her to the nest. As soon as the female swims up, the male embraces her with his body, squeezing the calf and immediately inseminates it. Caviar floats to the surface, the male collects it and folds it into the nest, after which everything repeats. Spawning lasts several hours, during this time about 1000 eggs are deposited. After spawning, the female needs to be transplanted, since the male can kill her, although the male is less aggressive in the lunar gouras than in other types of trichogasters.

The male will guard the nest until the fry swim, which hops for 2 days, and after two days begins to swim. From this point on, the male should be transplanted, in order to avoid eating the young. At first, the fry is alive with dust, then it is transferred to the nautilia of Artemia. The fry are very sensitive to the purity of the water, so regular changes and cleaning of food residues are important.

Author Alexander Isakov

Interesting photo gourami lunar

Curious video about gourami moon

Gourami-nitrophets: content, description, photo

Gourami-stanchions are amazing and beautiful fish, which is why many amateurs of fish are attracted to them. The spotted gourami was first introduced to Russia in 1904, other species appeared only after 1945. These creatures of the water world were called so because of the long threads into which their first soft rays of the ventral fins were reorganized. They are the body of touch. The labyrinth family unites more than thirty species of fish. A genus of tropical freshwater labyrinths from the macro-mode family.

Description

They are found in medium-sized with weak streams or standing, well-overgrown reservoirs in Asia. The body is high, oval, strongly compressed at the sides. The dorsal fin is located in the middle of the back or slightly displaced to the tail. The length of its base is several times less than that of the anal fin. Famous threads are located closer to the chest. More precisely, for the pectoral fins.

The side line is full. Color varied, depending on the species.

Almost all the fish of this family are small in size, up to 12 centimeters. Serpentine gourami can be up to twenty-five centimeters. In an aquarium most often grow up to ten centimeters. Color intensity is indicative of health, but not in all cases.

The labyrinth organ is located in the suprajular cavity. In this place are very thin bone plates. Without atmospheric air, in a tightly closed vessel, the fish die quickly.

Gourami in the aquarium as orderlies. The hydra that comes with live food is quickly eaten, it is an enemy for fish. Hydra are dangerous for both young and adult individuals.

Pygmy gourami

This is a beautiful freshwater fish that is rarely found at home. It can live in ditches, small streams, slow flowing rivers, on rice fields. Small sizes do not exceed four centimeters, hence the name. The color is brown, small red, blue or green scales may occur. In the world they shimmer beautifully. The eyes are blue, the fins are transparent, the fin on the belly is small with a threadlike process. In captivity can live no more than five years. Sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced. It is believed that males have a brighter and more attractive color.

Spotted gourami

The species is divided into two subspecies: spotted and Sumatran (blue). In length can be 11-13 centimeters. Both subspecies have a pointed snout, large reddish eyes located in front of the head.

The color is silver-olive, bluish or purple with darker transverse stripes of the same color and two large spots in the middle of the body and at the base of the tail. The fins are almost transparent, with yellowish inclusions, anal has a reddish border. During breeding colors gourami become more intense. The spotted appearance is divided into three color types: marble, gold, silver.

Marble gourami

The color is light blue, on its background black irregularly shaped spots are scattered. On the green-blue fins - white-yellow spots, the anal - orange border. The name was due to the color, similar to marble.

Sumatran gourami

The color is white-blue with barely visible transverse blue lines and two spots in the center of the body, like in another subspecies. There are milky points on the fins, and yellow spots and an orange rim on the anal fins.

Pearl gourami

This species was first discovered by a Dutch biologist. He has a karyotype of four chromosomes, like a human. Nurus gourami possess some intellectual abilities. They have organized a hierarchical structure in the pack, they are non-aggressive and curious.

In length, these fish can reach twelve centimeters. They are similar in structure with spotted gouras, but unpaired fins are more magnificent, with elongated soft rays that accentuate protruding beyond the blade of the fin. Color silver-purple, can be cream. The background is scattered with a multitude of glowing spots similar to pearls. From the snout through the eyes to the tail is a strip of black. Color smoothly goes to the fins.

Pearl gourami females are smaller than males. In males, the dorsal fin is longer, the chest and the front of the anal are orange, red, or red-violet. In females, the edge of the anal fin is slightly reddish.

Moon gourami

Individuals can be up to 18 centimeters in length. In appearance it looks like a spotty, but the back and forehead are stretched more strongly. Snout slightly bent up, lips large. The fin on the back is rounded and shorter. The filaments of the ventral fins stretch to the tail edge. The body is covered with fine scales. Gourami male has a longer and sharp fin than the female. The edge of the anal fin is orange, the threads are orange-red. In female individuals only threads are colored in yellow-orange color.

Brown or serpentine gourami

Individuals reach a length of 20 centimeters. The silhouette looks like a spotted one, but the snout is sharper, the lobes of the caudal fin are heart-shaped. Color silver, through the whole body passes a discontinuous strip of dark spots. Transversely, the body is striated with dark lines. Juveniles have a uniform color.

Blue gourami

Mostly in this type of gourami, green prevails over blue. The temperature content is the same as the others.

To make it easier and clearer to get acquainted with each view, you can read about the content gourami. Photos of fish will help to imagine their appearance.

Content

Spotted goura-nitopods, regardless of shape and type, must be kept in aquariums with a capacity of at least sixty liters. The temperature of water is from 24 to 28 degrees, it is allowed from 20 to 24. These fish are able to withstand a decrease to sixteen for a short time. What will be the rigidity and acidity does not matter. The soil will suit dark and dense vegetation. Aeration and filtration are not needed.

The content of pearl gouram is similar to the care of the spotted one, only water in the aquarium is advised to filter and a little aerate. This species can live with small and non-aggressive fish.

Lunar gourami contain the same, but aquariums should be more than one hundred liters. After all, as this species prefers to swim freely. The lighting should be dim, slightly diffused. The fish are peaceful, compatible only with small and non-aggressive creatures.

In brown gourami compatibility is excellent. They get along well with other fish. Care - the same as from the other members of the family.

The nature of dwarf gourami, like other species, is undemanding. It is important that there is no strong current. For this species, it is desirable to place not only plants in the aquarium, but also shelters in the form of caves and grottoes. Keep better in small flocks, no more than 6 fish. To balance females should be a little more. They do not like loud sounds, so it is better for them to take a quiet place in the house.

Nutrition

Mostly the fish need to be given live food, food is the same for all gourami, the species do not matter. A small bloodworm, a pipeweeper, a cycle, shrimp meat will suit, and you must also give food of plant origin. To supplement the diet need dry or combined feed.

Do not forget that the frequent consumption of artificial dry food is harmful to fish. Some gourami stop breeding or their offspring is frail.

Fry should first be fed with infusoria, rotifers and egg yolk. Young animals are important to sort by size.

Do not forget that the mouth of a nitrile is small, so the food should be small. You also can not overfeed the fish, if necessary, they can live without food for a week.

Breeding

Sexual maturity reaches about nine to twelve months. Reproduction differs gourami. Fish species perform this process in different ways.

Spotted gourami in the general aquarium do not spawn. To do this, they need a separate container with a volume of up to fifty liters. They should be set off in pairs. Water should be from 26 to 28 degrees. There must be plants, the female will hide in their midst if she is not fully ready to spawn. The male at this time creates a nest about eight centimeters in size and drives a female to him. She throws up to 2000 eggs, after it is deposited. And the male remains to protect the spawn. When the larvae begin to swim, it should also be transplanted. During the season, spotted gourami spawn up to four times.

For breeding pearl species requires maintaining a temperature range from 29 to 30 degrees. The nest is made by males from foam and pieces of plants. During the spawning period, the male embraces the female and turns her belly upwards toward the nest. Caviar with a high content of fat pops up, but the male collects it and puts it in the allotted place. At one time, the female lays up to 200 eggs.

When spawning the lunar gourami, the temperature must also be raised to 30 degrees. A male individual creates a nest of foam up to a width of 25 and a height of up to 15 centimeters. Fecundity - up to 5,000 eggs.

Brown gourami build nests of about eight in size, up to one centimeter in height. Fertility is the same as that of the lunar species. Larvae glue after 36 hours, begin to eat on the third day.

For effective breeding of the dwarf species it is better to purchase in pairs gourami. The price depends on the type of fish and place of purchase and ranges from $ 0.4 to $ 3. You can take one male to two females.

Care

As it was already written, in gourami the lower fins are equipped with a filiform mustache. This is one of the features of these fish. The whiskers are a tactile organ. With it, the fish feel objects and navigate in space. This body appeared in gourami because of the natural habitat, because they usually live in muddy water, in which it is difficult to see something. Another amazing feature is also related to the habitat. The gourami has a labyrinth organ, which allows the fish to remain without water for up to eight hours. They live in places deprived of oxygen, and therefore could not do without the ability to breathe air.

Breeders did not learn to transport the fish right away, as they used not the right way of transportation with gourami at first. Care was not so difficult. It is believed that these fish are among the most picky among aquarium inhabitants. If habitat conditions are created correctly, then they can live up to 12 years. Regardless of the type of care gurami similar.

Optimal conditions for habitat nitrophores

It is easy to create the necessary conditions, as the nitrophores are unpretentious. It is only important to adhere to the minimum requirements:

1. Movable and curious fish, they need free space. Therefore, the aquarium should be of appropriate size.

2. Gourami able to jump high enough over the water. So that they do not harm themselves, you should cover the aquarium with a cover with holes for air.

3. Tropical countries are a natural habitat for them, therefore, there is a need for bright light. To do this, the aquarium should be located next to the window or use a special additional lighting. The better the illumination, the more saturated the color of the nitrogens.

4. It is important the presence of living algae for timid gourami. Green island is a great haven. And the males in the right period will create nests there.

5. For gourami it is not necessary to have a filter and aeration, as they know how to breathe air. If you equip them with an aquarium, then there will be no harm from the absence of an aerator. Only there should not be strong currents, the fish prefer standing water.

6. It is necessary once a week to change the water in the aquarium at 1/3. Do not forget to maintain the desired temperature.

The choice of inhabitants of the aquarium

Beautiful creation gourami-nitriform. The content does not cause any particular difficulties for the owners. However, many people prefer to combine different species of fish in one aquarium. Nitophores are peaceful, therefore it is not recommended to put them together with those who have aggressive behavior.

Do not fit as neighbors:

- swordtails;

- barbs;

- goldfish;

- pseudotrophy;

- labidochromis;

- parrot fish.

Experts also do not recommend keeping viviparous fish in the same aquarium with them, as the fry can be easy prey for the beetles.

Best suited:

- apistogramma;

- soma (antsitrusy, corridors);

- haracin fish;

- scalar.

Even an inexperienced aquarist can take care of nitrophores. Fish not only have an unusual attractive appearance, but also it is always interesting to watch them.

When acquiring a nitropod in your own aquarium, it is important to make the right choice. Faded color does not indicate illness or stress. When the fish lives in a permanent home, it will get used to the environment, and the bright color will return to it.

It is worth paying attention to the fins and mustaches, they must be in good condition, not torn, not battered and well opened. Before you put the fish in the general aquarium, you must first settle it in a separate tank for a week in quarantine.

This is done for the safety of other inhabitants, as if the new nitodoneza is the carrier of the disease, others may become infected. During the quarantine period, the fish are bath every day for 15 minutes. After the procedure, it is placed back in its clean and warm container with fresh water.

Diseases gourami

Nitophores are usually quite hardy. They can get sick from sick fish or because of poor nutrition. Patients need to be isolated from healthy.

The most common:

1. Lymphocytosis. Manifested in the form of wounds, nodules and swelling. Dark spots and mealy patches appear.

2. Pseudomonosis. First, black spots appear, which are further transformed into ulcers.

3. Aeromonosis. Appears due to the change of the aquarium. Signs: refusal to eat, care to the bottom, swollen and bleeding abdomen.

Nurus gourami - beautiful fish. The larger the aquarium, the larger they are. Their peculiarity is that broken pectoral fins can grow back from gourami. Photos will help to see their attractiveness and uniqueness.

Gourami are simple in maintenance and care, beautiful and interesting in behavior. With their presence they decorate any aquatic environment, because when creating suitable conditions, they look bright and original. And the most important thing is that even a novice aquarist can take care of them.

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