Simple instructions: how to care for fish in an aquarium
Aquarium - a stylish addition to the interior, which allows you to create a unique, lively atmosphere in the room. This effect creates only well-groomed and filled with bright inhabitants of the capacity. How to achieve this will help instructions how to care for the fish in the aquarium. Opinions of psychologists agree that the observation of the life of fish allows you to take a break from everyday worries and relax. Smooth movements of the inhabitants of the water world look graceful and fascinating. Therefore, the aquarium performs not only an aesthetic, but also a healing function.
Content of aquarium fish
Argued that the maintenance of fish does not require time and financial costs. Experienced aquarists will talk in detail about the complexity of this lesson, which requires care and unhurriedness. You control a small underwater world that cannot exist without competent support. For beginners, help how to care for the fish in the aquarium (point by point).
Excessive care for such pets is not required. To understand the process will help the instruction. How to care for fish in an aquarium, even children can remember.
The first serious oversight that is allowed at this stage is the purchase of a small aquarium, considering that the capacity of 20-30 liters will meet the needs of the beginner amateur fish. In reality, the opposite is true. Maintaining artificial biocenosis in balance is much easier in a large aquarium, at least 50-70 liters. In it several species of inhabitants can coexist and develop normally.
The next question, which will consider a brief instruction on how to care for the fish in an aquarium, is what is inside the tank. They create a cozy atmosphere for small inhabitants, starting from the ground. Small pebbles will do the job best. When selecting, take into account its caliber and color, focusing on the species of fish that are planned to contain. Inhabitants of bright shades look better on a background of gray stones.
Plants are rooted in the soil, they take nutrients from it. Flora serves as a refuge for individual fish, who love to hide from active neighbors. Artificial greens have an attractive appearance and do not require care, but give preference to natural plants.
How to choose a fish?
How to choose the inhabitants? How to care for fish in an aquarium? The manual will give answers to these questions. Decide in advance on the species composition of the ichthyofauna to simplify the process of leaving and to prevent conflicts. Focus on the size of the fish: large and small individuals can not live together.
For many decades, viviparous fish have been very popular with aquarists. They do not lay eggs, but immediately give birth to viable fry, which can independently move and feed. Characterized by these types of ease of care, they do not need to create special conditions for reproduction. However, the fish have a large range of colors and shapes.
Types of fish
If you do not know what types to choose and how to care for the fish in the aquarium, the instruction will help to resolve these issues. The most common are the following representatives of the ichthyofauna: patzili, guppies, mollies and swordtails. The conditions of maintenance and care required for them are the same, which allows you to settle them in the same aquarium. Among the fish laying eggs, speckled catfish are the most popular.
Cockerels and goldfish are classic aquarists. Beginners are more difficult to handle because they need to pay more attention. A round aquarium is not the best choice for them. These inhabitants will be more comfortable in a rectangular container. Instructions on how to care for the fish in an aquarium recommends that when creating the second tank, take some of the water from the first one. This method will help to reduce the time for settling.
Instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium, the points suggests:
- Regular reading of the water thermometer. If there are deviations from the recommended parameters for this type of fish, the heating is turned on.
- Viviparous ichthyofauna suitable temperature from 18 to 28 ºC. But each individual species has its own preferences. Reproduction will occur only in this narrow temperature range.
- Control of purity and hardness of water. Every 7 days, one third of the medium is removed, replacing it with a new one.
- Check the filter element and compressor, without which the normal existence of the inhabitants is impossible.
- The aquarium should be lit from 10 to 12 hours a day.
- Feed the inhabitants need 1-2 times a day. In the presence of fry, the number of meals is increased to 4. A portion of food is placed in the feeder, which is usually eaten in 5-10 minutes. Residues must be removed (to prevent rotting).
The given instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium will help beginners to orient themselves in the basic requirements for their maintenance and feeding. More detailed information should be studied for each specific type that you have.
Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish
Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world. Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals. In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.
Size and design
Size matters! It is worth paying attention to the model of average parameters from 50 to 100 liters. Small aquarium requires, surprisingly, more care: it is more difficult to maintain the optimum chemical composition of water, and it is more difficult for fish to grow, multiply, grow. For the same reasons, it is better not to choose rounded shapes. Before "starting" the tank is washed with salt, soda, laundry soap, washed thoroughly.
The location of the aquarium, of course, depends on the taste, possibilities and home interior, however, in this matter it is necessary to adhere to some rules. First, it is desirable to avoid direct sunlight, so the corner of the room is ideal. Secondly, all kinds of equipment is powered by electricity, which means that the outlet must be located at a distance equal to the length of the cable. Thirdly, the stand under the aquarium should be sufficiently stable to prevent fluctuations in water that will disturb its population. To this end, you can not place it at the door and you need to think about the location of the aquarium in advance before its arrangement and filling.
Decor and algae carry not only aesthetic value, because they provide the necessary places for shelter and breeding inhabitants. On the stands of pet stores there are all sorts of products that correspond to any taste preferences, in a wide price range. Grottoes, ladders, columns, ships, shards, houses, a bridge and much more will wake up interior designers in you. The main thing to sterilize them before placing in an aquarium. Subsequently, wash the décor in an individual dish every month when replacing water.
With great caution you need to treat the bizarre form korsyams assembled on the street - they need to be boiled for a long time and cleaned of high-quality dirt from dirt in order to prevent fish diseases. The tree is short-lived in water, so even with careful processing it will eventually turn into a source of not very useful bacteria.
The plant world is also diverse. Beginners should buy colorful artificial models - they need the same care as the decor. Living with algae is a little more difficult: they need to be planted periodically, and bacteria bought from unscrupulous sellers can carry them. Nevertheless, they are more useful because release oxygen and absorb waste products. Attention is important to stop on undemanding plants and plant tall specimens on the back wall (Indian fern, Bacopa). Low-growing cryptocoryne, Anubias placed in the foreground. To heighten the effect of using floating plants. The main rule of maintenance - algae should not occupy more than a third of the underwater world.
See how to plant aquarium plants.
Maintaining an ecosystem
The equipment necessary for operation includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are chosen in accordance with the volumes of the home pool. Filters require care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt. There are coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).
Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the lid so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out. The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank, at the rate of 0.5W per liter. Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day.
Soil plays an important role in the formation of the aquarium ecosystem - all biochemical processes occur. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, and in the first case, abundant washing is sufficient. Get a siphon to handle the soil in your "pond".
See how to clean the aquarium yourself.
The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature are important, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish. Caring for aquarium fish requires constant water changes. Do it either manually or with a special pump.
Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish. The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami). The inhabitants of the aquarium should also combine the same preferences in acidity and water hardness.
In feeding, they follow a strict regimen: once a day, just as much as they can eat in 5-10 minutes. Fish do not feel the measures in food, therefore they are prone to overeating, which means - to the pollution of the aquatic environment. Caring for aquarium fish involves monitoring their condition. If they become lethargic, change their color, then they are probably sick.
These basic tips for beginners in the maintenance of an aquarium will help you to equip it with love, so that it becomes an ornament of your apartment, a picture from which it is impossible to look away!
Caring for aquarium and fish for beginners
Caring for an aquarium is like cleaning the house, the same simple rules for staying healthy and clean and regular. In this article you will learn how to properly care for a home aquarium, what important things there are and how often to do it. Why do you need to siphon the ground? What cleaners can I use? How to wash the sponge filter? Why and how to change the water in the aquarium? You will find answers to these and other questions.
Care of the filter - as part of a wash filter?
The sponge inside the filter should be rinsed regularly to avoid clogging and reducing the flow of water that it can pass through. But note that the old and dirty sponge is more effective than the one just bought.
The fact is that the beneficial bacteria that turn toxic substances into neutral, live just on the surface of the sponge, in this very dirt. But, if the sponge gets too dirty, it starts to let in much less water. The amount of oxygen necessary for bacteria decreases, and they begin to die.
Therefore, the sponge of the internal filter, which is small in power, must be cleaned every two weeks. The internal filter, which is much more powerful pump and more useful volume, is not clogged so quickly. It is possible to clean the sponge of the internal filter no more than once a month, for some models even more.
The internal filter also has other materials that have a shorter lifetime. So, filters with activated carbon need to be changed once a month, otherwise they accumulate dirt and begin to give it back.
Filters of primary cleaning (dense white fabric which the first takes water in itself), it is better to change every two weeks, but it depends on the aquarium itself.
The biological filter, which is usually made in the form of ceramic or plastic balls, should be washed monthly. Please note that it is enough just to rinse, rather than bring to the factory state.
What cleaning products can I use?
None It is very important to wash the filter with water alone. And it is also important that the water was from the aquarium. Tap water contains chlorine, which kills harmful bacteria in the water. But he does not know how to understand and also kills the beneficial bacteria living in the internal filter.
Separated water can be used. But here again, another water with a different hardness, acidity and temperature, and it can affect the colony of bacteria.
So the best method is to draw water from the aquarium and rinse the filter and its contents in that water.
Ideally, even the container in which it is washed should be used only for the needs of the aquarium, if you wash floors from it, then the chance that the chemistry will remain in the container is quite substantial.
And it is important not to wash everything to shine, just rinse well.
Cleaning the soil in the aquarium
A good filter will partially remove the waste from the aquarium, but still most of it will settle in the ground. Fish waste and food residues settle in the ground and rot and disturb the balance, stimulating the growth of algae.
In order to prevent stagnation and soil rotting, it is necessary to clean it using a special device - a soil siphon. Siphons may vary in size, shape and functionality, but the principle is the same.
Siphon for soil uses the principle of water flow. The pressure of the water washes away the light parts from the ground, and the heavy parts settle back. The result is very useful - all the dirt goes with the flow of water, the ground is clean, the water is cleaner, the growth of algae is reduced.
Since the use of a siphon for soil requires a large amount of water, it is reasonable to carry out cleaning along with a partial substitution. That is, instead of simply draining a part of the water, you clean the soil and thereby achieve two goals at once.
For herbalists, the cleaning of the soil can only be carried out superficially, since not everywhere can it be reached. But they are much more harmful substances decomposed by the plants themselves, and silted soil contributes to good plant growth.
Replacing aquarium water
Despite the fact that some aquarists do not substitute water for years and say that they have everything ok, regular water changes are vital for an aquarium.
The amount of water that is worth changing varies from the conditions in your tank, but on average 10-20% per week is a normal amount for any tropical aquarium. Herbal plants or densely planted aquariums need a 10-15% change every two weeks.
The main task of the substitution is the removal of nitrates and ammonia, and the recovery of mineral balance. Without a water change, your aquarium will look good for a while, but only due to the fact that negative factors gradually accumulate.
For a long time, nitrates will accumulate, and the water becomes more and more acidic. But once the balance is broken and the aquarium will turn into a swamp.
In order to replace the water, it must first be prepared. Water from the tap contains chlorine, metals, and is different in temperature and cannot be immediately poured.
To get rid of chlorine, you can go two ways. Purchase a water conditioner that binds chlorine and metals and just defend it for two days.
In addition, the settled water will be compared with the temperature of your house and will be much more suitable for use.
Such simple ways to care for the aquarium will help you keep it clean and beautiful for a long time. Do not be lazy and your aquarium will be a pearl in your house.
Proper care of the aquarium
Aquarian small fishes are a fine opportunity to create a small corner of wildlife in the house. Aquarium looks spectacular and beautiful. Fish do not require special care, but they bring great aesthetic pleasure.
How to choose an aquarium
Buying an aquarium is the very first step towards creating a living corner.
- The shape and size of the device is very important. A good aquarium does not interfere at home and guarantees comfort. In addition, he must ensure the normal existence of the fish.
- When buying it is necessary to take into account that in large tanks the water stays clean longer.Care for a large aquarium is required less frequently.
- Aquarium should be selected according to the size and number of fish. If you want to contemplate large fish, then you need to make a big house for them.
- Landscaping aquarium also requires a thoughtful approach. It is possible to decorate a house reservoir with soil, algae, stones and various figures.
- The shape of the aquarium should provide convenient cleaning.
Caring for fish in an aquarium includes the following regular activities:
- keeping the aquarium clean;
- timely partial renewal of water (in a small aquarium - once a week, in a large one - once a month);
- the inner surface of the aquarium should be cleaned with a special scraper;
- the ground must be in good condition.
These are the basic principles of fish care in an aquarium. Water quality is important. In the course of their life, the fish emit harmful substances. Some of them recycle plants. But a surplus of bad components still accumulates. Therefore, the rules of care for the aquarium must be observed.
Fresh water for fish requires prior preparation:
- it must have the same hardness and temperature as the water in the aquarium;
- it must first be defended and filtered to remove chlorine from the water supply. Instead of settling, you can use special conditioners (for example, AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita);
- regular maintenance of water in the aquarium ensures the creation of a favorable environment for fish;
- water must be saturated with oxygen.
How else can you maintain the purity of the aquatic environment
Ankistrus care is provided for the aquarium. These are bottom fishes - "attendants". It is equally important to place plants that purify water. They should be positioned so that they do not impede the free movement of fish. The same applies to snags, mini-rocks and decorations.
From plants it is better to choose simple and unpretentious plants. It can be perististostniki and krugolistniki, which perfectly purify water from turbidity. It is not recommended to plant rare plants in your first aquarium. The rules for caring for an aquarium include taking care of plants. Each of them needs special conditions. Failure to comply with certain requirements, they die.
Caring for a home aquarium should include cleaning artificial figurines. They form plaque that must be cleaned. This is done when replacing water.
Care of a new aquarium
The main requirement is to form the microclimate necessary for the fish. Experts recommend running fish into a new "home" only after a week. However, the process can be accelerated using special capsules with microflora (biokorin, biostarter).
If you have a working aquarium, soak a sponge in the water and squeeze it into a new aquarium. You can just pour a few liters of water. In this embodiment, the water must be defended in just 2 days. Caring for a new aquarium involves, above all, the preparation of water and the formation of the internal climate.
How to run animals in the aquarium? It is enough to pour water with the fish into a new container. The rules for caring for the aquarium do not allow a sharp temperature drop. You should warm the water with the fish to room temperature, and then run them into the home aquarium.
Daily care for aquarium fish
Fish do not need excessive care. Caring for them is very simple. That is why many parents prefer to buy their children fish. It is enough to remember about feeding fish.
Remains of food floating on the surface of the water should be collected with a net. This is done 20 minutes after feeding. Fishes should be fed in the morning and evening. They are prone to overeating. This leads to their death. Therefore, do not feed them too much.
Peculiarities of fish species are important
If you are going to purchase aquarium fish, before you buy, be sure to learn the features of those or other species. Many here depend on the type of fish. Therefore, you need to know the features of the fish you intend to buy. Most fish need warm water. The temperature in the aquarium should be for some fish ranging from 19 to 22 degrees for others from 22 to 28 degrees. When caring for an aquarium, do not forget about the optimal conditions of the fish. Most of them do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. However, there are exceptions. Do not place fish with different temperature requirements in the same container. For example, gold fishes need to maintain 21 degrees.
Proper care of the aquarium should take into account the peculiarities of behavior in the flock. Some fish require a high aquarium, such as an angelfish. In addition, these fish lodge in pairs. Choosing a fish, you should consider all these nuances. If you have aquarium fish at home, caring for them will not be a big hassle.
How to eliminate water turbidity
turbidity of water
Caring for an aquarium includes monitoring the ground. If the water is cloudy, this is a sign of careless handling of the ground. The opacities usually disappear after time.
Light turbidity can be caused by unicellular and bacteria. They can significantly spoil the look of a homely pond. In this case, they must get rid of. How to care for fish in an aquarium in this version? It is necessary to clean it. It is required to remove silt. Fish can not feed about 3 days. In addition, it is necessary to partially replace the water.
Also helps the aeration of water. It will be useful for breathing fish. If the water in the aquarium quickly becomes cloudy, you can put a piece of copper wire there. Sometimes the color change of the water is due to the colored feed.
How to care for fish?
I. Purchase the necessary equipment.
Actually the aquarium itself. For a novice aquarist, a rectangular-shaped aquarium will be more optimal. The larger the aquatic aquarium, the easier it is to establish biological equilibrium. For a beginner, a capacity of 70-100 liters is best suited for a beginner: the balance is established easily, and it is still easy to clean it.
Filter, heater with thermostat, compressor, all this is acquired depending on the volume of the aquarium.
It is better to buy a soil that is dark (with this color the fish feel calmer), with a fraction of 3-7 mm, without sharp corners, it is advisable to check it in vinegar to increase the water hardness (put a small amount of soil in vinegar if at least a small amount of gas bubbles starts to emit over time, this kind of soil will increase the hardness of the water).
Siphon for cleaning the soil, a scraper or a rigid sponge for cleaning the glasses of the aquarium, a thermometer, nets for fish.
Background for aquarium, for decoration. On a dark background, fish look more natural than on a background wallpaper.
Tests of water parameters. Now on sale a lot of tests. They are paper and drip. Paper shows the test result faster, but less accurately, therefore, if there is doubt about the correctness of the paper test, it should be checked by drip.
Medicines for aquarium fish.
Take care of good aquarium lighting. When illuminated with fluorescent lamps, the total power of the lamps should be approximately equal to half the volume of the aquarium. Lighting in the aquarium should be included for 8-10 hours a day.
It is very desirable to have a separate quarantine tank!
Quarantine - an aquarium without soil and plants of sufficient volume for fish that we quarantine, with a separate filter and aeration.
Ii. Choose a place for the aquarium.
Do not install water by the window. Direct sunlight falling into an aquarium often causes water to bloom.
When choosing a place, consider that the constant walking of people at the aquarium scares the fish, which leads to stress - the source of disease.
The aquarium should be installed on a stand that can guarantee its stability for a long time. If the aquarium on the stand is loose, sooner or later it will leak.
A soft, smooth, waterproof litter should be placed under the aquarium; without it, a grain of sand that falls under the bottom can become a point of mechanical tension and there will be a chance that after filling with water the bottom of the aquarium will crack.
Next to the aquarium should be an electrical outlet for connecting equipment.
Iii. Correctly pick the fish.
Find out all the information about each type of fish that you want to inhabit in the aquarium (water content for maintenance, behavior, livability with other fish ...).
Measure the parameters of water in your water supply (pH, gH).
Based on the foregoing, choose fish for your aquarium.
Iv. Do not overcrowd the aquarium.
Overpopulation in the aquarium is one of the main sources of trouble!
In an aquarium with a filtration system and live plants for small fish (cardinals, neons, zebrafish, rasbor ...) you need 1.5 liters for fish, for medium fish (barbs, guppies, petilles, swordtails, catfish, labyrinths ...) 5 liters, for large fish (small and medium cichlids, medium catfish, large carp ...) - 15 liters per fish.
Russian language Grade 8 Write instructions on "How to care for fish in an aquarium"
A full care of the fish in the aquarium is possible only with the proper diet of their food. Modernity has greatly facilitated the lives of fish owners, offering a choice of different types of food. However, it’s not worth stopping at one dry food, because the more diverse the nutrition of fish is, the healthier and more active they are. In addition to the main feed, aquarium fish can be supplemented with meat, flakes, rolled oats, and chopped lettuce.
One of the main problems in feeding fish - their obesity. Do not overfeed the inhabitants of the aquarium, because it is fraught with a violation of their reproduction, shortening life. How to determine the rate of food for fish? They must absorb the feed for 5-7 minutes, and everything else will already be superfluous. Feed the fish enough once a day (fry - 2 times).
Step 5. Take care of the aquarium
Proper care of the fish in the aquarium is also keeping them clean. First of all, it is timely replacement of water. This procedure should be done once a week (in a large aquarium - once a month). The water that is added must be the same hardness and temperature as in the aquarium. In addition, it must be filtered and settled.
Clean the aquarium glass using a special scraper, and you can clean the decorative elements using the same fish that feed on algae. Populate the aquarium with a few antsistrus - these are what the "orderlies of the aquarium" are called - and all the snags will be polished to a shine!
Watch the condition of the soil - it is vital for fish and plants, serves to maintain the desired biological balance in the aquarium.
Let the care of the fish in the aquarium bring only pleasant emotions, and your aquarium pleases the eye with its beauty!
Instructions on how to care for fish:
A full care of the fish in the aquarium is possible only with the proper diet of their food. You shouldn’t stop at one dry food - after all, the more varied the nutrition of fish, the healthier and more active they are. In addition to the main feed, aquarium fish can be supplemented with meat, flakes, rolled oats, and chopped lettuce.