Aquarium attendants - fish, shrimps, snails, fighting algae
A clean and well-kept aquarium is not only beauty, but also a guarantee of a long and healthy life for its inhabitants. But sometimes, contrary to the efforts of the owner and even the work of high-tech equipment, home pond is covered from the inside with brown or dark green bloom, brushes, fringe or threads. This is algae. If this problem overtook you, then do not rush to grab at once for chemicals. Try to accommodate algae, for which eating such a "garbage" - is one of the natural physiological processes. For information on what the orderlies aquarium known and against which algae they are most effective, read our article.
Algae fighting fish
Most often in aquariums lovers are found these "workers of cleanliness"
Especially good "cleaners" are considered
- pterigoplicht (brocade catfish),
- Ancistrus ordinary,
- and otozinclus (dwarf catfish), preferring diatoms.
With their suction cup, they thoroughly clean everything (bacterial film, algae fouling, other organic pollutants), starting from the walls of the aquarium, soil, stones and ending with snags and large leaves of plants. At the same time, they themselves are rather unpretentious, which is a definite plus.Of the minuses is to cancel the large size and the bad nature of some of the catfish.
- For example, an adult pterigoplicht can grow up to 40-45 cm and begin to behave aggressively towards other inhabitants.
- Sometimes somas, overly keen on cleaning, damage young tender tops of plants or make holes in young leaves.
- And some individuals with age begin to be lazy and poorly perform their "duties".
Dwarf catfish - seaweed from the family of chain catfish best of all cope with brown diatoms. A flock of five fish can easily keep a clean tank of 100 liters. The "dwarf" is unpretentious, peaceful, able to get along even with large predators.
The amphibious catfish corridor is also quite good in terms of harvesting, only it is very disturbed by the water and inclined to devour other fish.
But the "janitor", which can be found less often, but this does not make it worse: Panak royal, belonging to the family of chainmail catfish. Large fish, which will need a 200-liter (not less) aquarium. Young individuals are calm, but with age their character deteriorates noticeably. Perfectly get on with peaceful haratsinovye. Best of all, Panak cleans snags.
This family combines only three types of fish, the most popular of which are the girinoheylus.
Their lips look like a sucker with folds on the inside. These bends form a sort of "grater".
Thanks to this design, fish can be kept on stones even with a strong current, while at the same time scraping off algae from their surface.
This food is not very nutritious, so it is necessary to scrub girinoheylus very much.All filamentous algae, such as filament and black beard, they can not eat.
Negative points include
- damage to the leaves, which after the "cleaning" may remain grooves and holes;
- A small number of fish is not enough to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium;
- in large numbers, they are aggressive and constantly attack their own kind, as they are territorial.
It is very difficult to achieve peace among them. Neighbors should also be selected carefully, it is absolutely impossible to take sluggish fish. Girinoheylusy take them for non-living objects, can "clean" and greatly damage the scales.
Very many of them have a well-developed lower jaw, which resembles a scraper, which easily removes plaque from walls, soil and plants.
The most popular vivipars are guppies, mollies, petilles, and swordsmen. Some breeders claim that these fish can survive even without additional feed, eating only green fiber.
The disadvantages of this group include the fact that they need to be kept in a large flock (at least 10 pieces), but even in such quantities they will not provide complete order in the aquarium. They are good only as assistants to other algae.In addition, these fish are not very spectacular, and for beautiful ones there may simply not be enough space in the aquarium. And closeness, as we know, will lead to conflicts.
The most tireless fighter against algae from this family is the Siamese seaweed (he is crosshale, Siamese, or crossochelius, Siamese, or Siamese epalceorinch).
His seahorse is green algae and the so-called "Vietnamese" or "black beard" (these are growths in the form of dark tassels on stones, leaves of plants and other places).
It also copes well with other algae in the form of a gun, since its mouth is most suitable for this. For a 100-liter aquarium to be perfectly clean, it’s enough to have just two (even the smallest) Siamese algae.
The advantages of these fish are also activity, mobility, a rather peaceful disposition, a small amount of vessels for a normal existence and modest care.
Not without flaws. After the length of the fish will be more than 4 centimeters, they can begin to eat Javanese moss, if that grows in the aquarium, and much more willing than algae.The way out of this situation is to plant larger mosses, such as fissidens.
Another pair of sweepers from this family is Labe two-color (bicolor) and green (Frenatus). Their mouthparts are facing down. Algae and fouling they, of course, eat, but not as good as the previous ones. It is rather their hobby, so to speak. Their big minus is increased aggression and territoriality in relation to both other fish and their own kind.
These arthropods are deservedly called champions of purity. Freshwater shrimps are especially good, their bodies are equipped with special “fans”.
These outgrowths filter the water and extract uneaten food, feces, plant particles and what is left of the dead inhabitants. Males loosen the ground and filter the dregs, which at the same time rose. Females remove dirt from the bottom surface.
In addition to filtering water, these creatures remove fleecy algae from the leaves of plants and all other surfaces, and much more successfully than fish.The reason is simple - shrimp, especially cherry, can sneak into the smallest nooks and corners of the aquarium.
- a small shrimp can handle only a small amount of work;
- so that the aquarium is really clean, it will take a lot of shrimp (one individual per liter);
- they are very defenseless and can be eaten by fish, as a result of which neighbors should be chosen very carefully, plus a lot of reliable shelters should be created.
In addition to cherry, not bad are struggling with algae shrimp amano. Perfectly keep clean Kladorf balls, eat thread.
Important! The effectiveness of the "work" is affected by their size. The larger the shrimp, the tighter the strings of algae it can eat. Four centimeter arthropods are considered the best.
Enough 5 such pieces per 200 liters. Three centimeters will need 1 individual for every 10 liters of water. Small need more (1-2 for each liter). The last option is the most unproductive and most expensive. It is also worth noting that these shrimps do not eat xenococcus and other green algae in the form of bloom. Black beard is also used reluctantly.
Another view is neocaridins. They are most common among amateurs, as they are very easy to breed. They are small, only 1-2 cm in length, so many "combat units" will be required (one individual per liter). Preference is given to soft filamentous algae of the Rhizoclinium type. Neocaridins are the best choice for plant aquariums. They are irreplaceable in the newly launched aquarium, as they help to establish balance. In the mature balance is maintained.
Although mollusks are not so successful in the role of orderlies, their strength is the ability to consume almost all the pollution (remaining food, excrement of living and the remains of dead inhabitants, rotted plants, mucus and deposits on all surfaces, film from the surface of the water).
And the well-being and behavior of some species is a kind of indicator of the purity of the soil and water.
The bad thing is that the number of snails is almost impossible to control, and they multiply very quickly.Then their large army begins to "harm" by eating the plants and pouring everything around them with their slime.
Here are some snail cleaners most often found in home aquariums:
Neretina Zebra (tiger snail), neretina hedgehog, neretina black ear. They remove plaque from glasses, stones, snags, decor, and large leaves without damaging them. It seems that they never get tired. The minus is left on the aquarium glass unaesthetic caviar clutches.
Neretina horned. This baby (1-1.5 cm) is able to crawl into the most inaccessible places and clean them to shine. Copes with diatoms.
Septaria or snail-turtle with a flat shell. It is very slow, but despite this it copes well with algal fouling and Vietnamese. Plants do not hurt. The lack of characteristic - caviar, hung on the scenery.
Corbicula. This is a three centimeter snail. It is also called yellow Javanese sharovka or gold double leaflet. Helps to cope with turbidity of water, suspension and flowering, as it is a filter. This means that the mollusk passes water through itself (up to 5 liters per hour!), Eating the microorganisms contained in it. Interestingly, in carbicula aquariums, fish do not suffer from ichthyophorosis, as they somehow retain their cysts. On an aquarium of 100 l it is necessary from 1 to 3 such snails. The negative aspects include plowing up the soil and digging up plants with weak roots.
Ampullary. Quite a large lungfish. Picks up the remnants of food, dead fish and other snails, actively eats fouling from the walls of the aquarium.
Helenacalled a snail killer. This miniature predator is considered to be a scavenger. However, it is able to eat not only a forgotten piece of food or a dead fish, but also a quite lively small shrimp or snail (for example, a reel or melee).
Theodoxus. These are small beautiful freshwater snails. There are several types. Can live in both freshwater and salt home water bodies. They feed only on fouling, preferring brown and green algae. They even compete with the guerrhoehyluses for primacy in the effectiveness of the struggle against the xenocus focus. But the "beard" do not like. Plants do not spoil.
In conclusion, we say that the aquarium biosystem can successfully exist only with the help of humans. Proper selection and adjustment of equipment and lighting, proper start-up of an aquarium, and regular monitoring of water parameters and the condition of inhabitants are very important. Fish, shrimps and snails are helpers in solving the problem of algae control, not the main characters. Of course, here we only briefly described only some of the representatives of aquarium nurses, since in one article it is impossible to tell about all the details. We will be grateful for interesting additions.
How to wash the aquarium with fish
Taking care of the fish in the aquarium, from time to time you have to face the problem - how to clean the aquarium at home. Regardless of whether it is large or small, an accumulation of algae and organic matter accumulates on its walls, and the water becomes cloudy. To do the right cleaning, you must comply with a number of requirements so that the life of the fish at this time was safe.
Aquarium after the "launch"
The first months after the "launch" of the aquarium, it is necessary to monitor the state of its cleanliness, removing the remnants of rotten food and decorations. Once a week it is necessary to replace the water with pure and infused water, but not completely. If the aquarium lives correctly, then biological balance will be established in it, the water will become transparent with a yellowish tinge. When this happens, you can do the first cleaning.
What you need
The first thing to do is to collect materials for cleaning the aquarium. To make it shine clean, you should prepare:
- Clean bucket or large bowl;
- Algae scraper;
- Hose siphon and gravel vacuum unit.
Before starting work, you need to prepare a new water. Replacement will require removal of stagnant water from the tank (20-30% of the total volume). If you keep sea fish, prepare the correct proportions of sea salt for water. Make sure that the new water is free from chlorine, organic matter and other harmful impurities. An important rule is that water is considered infused if chlorine has eroded from it for several days. Other indicators of water (hardness, alkalinity, acidity) can be checked with a litmus indicator, the temperature of the water - with a specially designed thermometer. Usually, the water is infused for 48 hours, then it can be considered free from minerals contained in tap water. 2 hours before washing and 2 hours after it, it is undesirable to give fish food.
Use a new bucket or bowl to clean the aquarium, not the ones that were used for cleaning floors. On the used items remain chemicals that are part of the soap or household chemicals. They are detrimental to the life of the fish. Make sure your hands are clean and free from soap or lotion. Do not forget to turn off the filter and disconnect it from the aquarium, turn off other electrical devices before the cleaning process.
- Wash the tank walls
You can not use any detergent in order to wash the walls of the aquarium. Even cleaning in this way the outer side of it is detrimental to the health of fish. Traces of soil and algae can be cleaned with a special scraper, which easily cleans impurities. If it does not work with a scraper, try a blade. The outer part of the wall, including the cover, can be cleaned with a sponge or cloth moistened with water. There are special solutions for washing aquariums that are safe for pets. They are sold in pet stores.
See how to clean aquarium glass from overgrown dirt and algae.
- Siphon water part
You should leave some of the water in the aquarium, which is also useful to the fish. Sudden changes in water conditions at once are too harmful. You can use the type of siphon that you have. Follow the instructions included with the instrument to achieve optimum results.
Drain the water in a bucket, bowl or sink with a siphon with a hose.
* Be careful when pumping water from the tank. Be careful that the fish, plants and the ground do not disappear along with the dirt.
- Sorting decorations, sand or gravel at the bottom of the tank
The material lining the bottom of your tank should be cleaned so that any food, garbage and other waste can be removed. Instead of removing this material from the aquarium, washing it or replacing it, simply place a gravel vacuum on it. As long as it stays at the bottom of the tank, use a siphon to suction any material that should not be there.
- Cleaning plants, wooden decorations
In most cases, you can clean all the accessories in the tank with an algae scraper, but if they are too dirty, it is best to take them out of the tank and wash them in a clean sink. Do not use soap or any other cleaner. In some cases, a solution of water and salt (for decoration) is used. Let the scenery dry before putting it back into the tank.
- Pour new water
Once you have done everything to clean the aquarium, you can pour clean water into it, or use a siphon hose to pump water from a bucket or bowl. Connect the heating and lighting.
What if you can't wash the filter while cleaning the rest of the aquarium? It is impossible to clean the filter with all the decorations and water at once, it can be to the detriment of all fish and plants due to a sharp change in the balance of the aquatic environment. Two or three times a month the filter can be disassembled independently and cleaned with a toothbrush. But properly clean the filter in this way, which is listed in the instructions for its use.
See how to clean the internal aquarium filter.
Keep the aquarium clean
In order to maintain the ability to see the fish through the glass, you should wash the tank about once every 1-2 weeks. So you can prevent the formation of large algae and organic matter, formed as a result of the vital activity of fish. Some algae and non-decaying organics are harvested with the help of the “orderlies” of the aquarium - catfish or snails. Of course, this will depend on the conditions of your aquarium and how much fish already lives in it.
How to clean the aquarium - the secrets and tricks
How many articles have been written about this, how much has been said ... but still people are interested in this question. Our site also has a fairly comprehensive article that HOW TO WASH THE AQUARIUM.
In this article I would like to pay attention to the ways and means of cleaning the aquarium.
So, first of all the walls (glass) of the aquarium are cleaned. This action should be carried out in the event that the walls of the aquarium rummaged, for example, green dots or brown patina. To do this, you can use special magnetic scrubs or brushes for aquariums. Like these ones:
Such magnetic brushes for an aquarium, very well cope with their task -
in just a few seconds, all algal green and brown fouling are scrubbed off the aquarium glass
However, it is worth noting that they need to work very carefully. Alas, if even a small grain of sand gets under the magnetic scraper, they can seriously scratch the glass of the aquarium. If you do not notice it in time, then you can end up with the Aquarium Kruger Aquarium - all scratched and spattered.
Such a careless or inattentive cleaning can lead not only to a violation of the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also to the overgrowth of scratches into cracks, and these are already serious things, threatening with flood!!!
Therefore, if your aquarium is not very deep and there is no need to rub it to insanity, I recommend using softer and more elastic materials. For example, here are such a sponge for washing dishes:
Such a sponge has a soft and hard side, which is very convenient - it is possible to carry out a general rubbing with the soft side, and more polluted places to rub hard. With this method of cleaning the aquarium the risk of making a scratch is minimal. Firstly, because you carry out all the manipulations with your hand and feel all your actions are tactile. Secondly, even if the grain of sand falls under the sponge, it is unlikely to scratch the glass.
After using the sponge in the aquarium, rinse it under the tap and let it dry until the next time.
There is another "miracle thing", invented by mankind and which is widely used to clean the aquarium, her name - TOOTHBRUSH!
Toothbrush, an indispensable thing for cleaning the walls and green aquarium decor. It is especially useful in nano (small) aquariums and Amanovsky herbalists, where you need to work with small objects and carefully.
IT SHOULD BE NOTEDthat all aquariums are different, and each have different aquatic organisms, but the excessive appearance of green and brown spots or plaque in the aquarium is a signal not very good condition of the aquariumnamely the poor water quality. Green and brown patches are algae, lower plant organisms that appear at the first opportunity: mud, overpopulation of the aquarium, high concentrations of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, lack of sufficient living plant biomass, lack of proper water changes ... these are just some common causes greening the aquarium.
What to do in such cases? First, take advantage of algaecide preparations from algae, sold in all pet stores. For example, the widely used Tetra Aqua Algo Stop depot or, for example, Ermolaeva Algitsid + CO2 parole. Secondly, all the green decorations (stones, grottoes, plastic) can be removed from the aquarium and soaked in whiteness (bleach), then carefully rub them and after !!! very, very carefully !!! Rinse in clean, running water several times. Thirdly, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the excessive appearance of algae: settle the fish, increase the frequency and volume of water changes, reduce the light day, and so on.
By cleaning the aquarium, you can also include cleaning the filter and siphon aquarium bottom.
It is not difficult to wash the filter - it is necessary to carry out this manipulation as necessary, i.e. when the filter starts to work poorly. At the same time, it is desirable to wash sponges or other filtering materials in a basin with aquarium water. Thereby, you will cause less damage to the beneficial colony of bacteria that has formed in the filter. For an example of filter cleaning, see this ARTICLE.
As for the siphon of the aquarium bottom, such a manipulation should also be carried out as far as the aquarium floor is contaminated, “silted”. It is performed using an aquarium siphon, which can also be purchased at any pet store. See - The best siphons for aquarium - Forum aquarists.
After you have cleaned the walls and aquarium decorations, siphoned off the soil, washed and installed the filter and other equipment, replace or refill fresh, separated water and even after, wipe the aquarium from the outside with a dry cloth, while you can use a glass cleaner. Aquarium cleaning is over !!!
How to clean aquarium video examples
How to clean and wash the aquarium: the rules, methods, video examples
HOW IS THE RIGHT TO WASH THE AQUARIUM?
In this topic I will try to briefly describe the process of general cleaning of the aquarium world. The point is not tricky !!! But before this event, I think, it would not be superfluous to find out: how to do it correctly, find out how often you need to wash the aquarium, what to wash, sequence of actions, etc.You need to start a conversation with the fact that there is a big difference between washing an aquarium when it is purchased and a planned cleaning of an already established aquarium or in case of emergency. Therefore, we divide the article into these three components.
Washing and cleaning a new - purchased aquarium
Before you install and populate a new aquarium, you must rinse it out or rinse it out. This is due to the fact that, like any product - the aquarium does not know where it was before the purchase, it is not known who touched it and what happened to it.
For this, we carry an aquarium in the bath. I recommend to prepare a place in advance: prepare clean rags or towels, prepare a surface where you can put a washed aquarium, sponge and soda. The fact is that even a small aquarium is a rather weighty, glass-clumsy thing, and when it becomes wet, then in addition to everything, it also becomes slippery. In this state, the aquarium is not very convenient to turn, raise, carry out other manipulations.
Having prepared everything, put the aquarium in the bath and rinse it, preferably with hot water. We take baking soda and kitchen sponge for washing dishes and carefully but gently wash the aquarium with soda (like jars before seaming).
Well, and then everything should be thoroughly washed several times. If the aquarium allows, then gently turn it over on its side and use a shower spray to flush everything.
VERY IMPORTANT!!! WASH ALL EVERYTHING AS POSSIBLE AND MORE CONFIRMED WITH NO SODA REMAINS
After we get the aquarium out of the bath and put it on a previously prepared surface, I recommend using sticks or towels in order to prevent the aquarium from slipping out of my hands. May need the help of a second person.
And now, the aquarium is ready for further installation, which you can read HERE.RECOMMENDATIONS AND TIPS:
- the aquarium can be washed and cleaned with any chemistry: soap, homeostos, comet. However, you should understand that the more "vigorous" the chemistry, the harder it is to wash it. Chemistry residues are not allowed. Since the new aquarium does not need to be thoroughly cleaned, it is not worth washing it in several times and washing it with a variety of cleaning products.
- simultaneously with the new aquarium, wash immediately bought soil and decor. Thus, you facilitate your work. Soil and decor is cleaned with hot water or boiling water. You can add a little liquid soap and rinse with it. At the same time the soaped soil is thoroughly washed !!! It is worth mentioning that in this article, under the ground, I understand quartz, gravel, sand other "colored chips". Special substrates should not be washed.
- if you are the owner of a new large aquarium, then all of the above manipulations are carried out at the installation site. In this case, flush pumped out with a hose, it is better not to use chemistry.
Planned cleaning and washing aquariumPlanned and global cleaning of the aquarium is carried out by experienced aquarists. Perhaps the most important question here is how often do you need to do it? I hasten to happily inform you that often you do not need to completely wash the aquarium. This cleaning is carried out about once every 5 years. This period is strictly individual and depends on the number of fish and plants in the aquarium.
Planned cleaning of the aquarium is carried out more carefully than washing a new aquarium. Such an aquarium is washed with chemistry several times, growths are mechanically removed and shaken off, the aquarium is subjected to heat treatment. After washing such an aquarium, it is advisable to dry for at least a day.
Wash and clean the aquarium in emergency situations - after illness and treatment of fish
Unfortunately, it happens that an infection gets into an aquarium. As a result, the fish get sick and need treatment, and the aquarium needs total disinfection.
In such cases, a simple sink will not do. Infectious aquariums are poured daily with disinfectants to the brim. The easiest way to fill the aquarium with bleach or other household disinfectants. Pay attention - DISINFECTING MEANS !!! Not all household chemicals have disinfectant properties, read the instructions for the tool.
Recommend to use: potassium permanganate solution, chloramine solution, formalin solution, bleach solution, hydrochloric or sulfuric acid solution.
When mycobacteriosis is recommended to fill the aquariums with washing powder at the rate of a pound of powder per 30 liters of water.
In addition, the entire aquarium inventory is subjected to heat treatment - boiling.
After disinfection, I also recommend putting the aquarium to dry for at least 24 hours.
Since some people in the "Aquarium Wash" put the concept of weekly cleaning of the aquarium, we will highlight this issue.
Weekly washing and cleaning of the aquarium
When cleaning the aquarium every week, the following procedure should be strictly followed:
1. Get the equipment: filter, aeration, thermostat. Everything is washed, put aside.
2. If necessary, the care and cutting of plants.
3. Clean the walls of the aquarium. Sponge or special scrapers wipers.
4. If necessary, siphon soil. It is not necessary to clean the soil weekly, especially if there are live plants in the aquarium.
5. Only after that the water is replaced: the old water is drained and freshly added is added.
6. Install the equipment back cleaned.
Do not forget to clean the aquarium cover and the lamps from the inside at least once a month.
After all the manipulations, the aquarium is wiped with a dry cloth, stains can be removed with a window cleaner.
Observing the above simple rules the process of washing an aquarium will not be difficult and tedious, and the result will be as efficient as possible.Useful video, how to clean and wash the aquarium
Snails clean the aquarium
Many aquarists are quite skeptical of creatures that can already be said to have become an integral part of aquarium life - snails. But this small-looking creature can not only spoil the life of the inhabitants of the aquarium, as many believe, but also bring great benefits. So what kind of positive qualities can be found in simple snails that live in our aquariums?
First, no matter how strange and funny it may sound, the snail is a real aquarium vacuum cleaner, in the literal sense of the word. The snail perfectly cleans the walls of the aquarium from the mucus that has accumulated on it, and also eats all those remnants of food that have not been eaten.
This fact is very important, because the remains that rot at the bottom of the aquarium, become a real "paradise" for parasites: this is how snails clean the aquarium from unnecessary substances.
In general, snails are unpretentious living creatures that live in an aquarium (of course, if we are not talking about decorative snails, which require special conditions for normal life activity). Simple snails do not need a place under the sun - they cost quite small.
But one question arises: how many snails should there be in an aquarium? It is very difficult to answer this question unequivocally, since it all depends on what kind of fish lives in the aquarium, and what sizes the aquarium itself has; In addition, there are fish that like to eat snails as a main course.
But, on average, for an aquarium whose total volume is 30 liters, 10 snails will be enough. However, everything depends not only on the size of the so-called water space, but also on the size of the snails themselves.
For example, the general equivalent would be: 5 small snails are equal to one big; based on this, you decide how many snails you need.
Any snails in the aquarium are very prolific, so you should strictly monitor their numbers. As soon as you caught the moment and realized that their number reached an extreme point, you can simply catch and put them in a jar of water and algae, then donate this animal to the pet store, or donate to the same aquarium owners as you - in general, you will understand.
As soon as a snail dies in the aquarium, it must be caught and thrown out, because any process of decomposition of microorganisms in the aquarium will lead to an epidemic among fish, which can cause a massive death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
What you need for the aquarium, what to consider when choosing it and what kind of fish to have?
WHAT IS NECESSARY FOR THE AQUARIUM,
What to consider when choosing an aquarium and what kind of fish to have?
Tips for novice aquarists
A well-kept and beautiful aquarium is not only beautiful, but also cozy. Colored fish, which are measured in it swim, fascinate the eye and calm.
But before you choose an aquarium, be sure to calculate its size and choose the fish that live without problems together.
Now aquariums sell for every taste: square, rectangular, round. Volumes are also different - from 10 liters to one and a half tons. The most popular - from 30 to 100 liters. They are not only convenient, they can be placed anywhere in an apartment or house, they do not require thorough care and expensive equipment.
What you need to consider when choosing an aquarium?
- In large aquariums water is less often polluted than in small ones.
- Its size should correspond to the size of the fish and their number. The more fish there will inhabit the aquarium, the greater the aquarium should be.
- The shape of the aquarium should be convenient for you, so that it is easy to care for (change water, clean). Therefore, from the bizarre forms of the aquarium is better to refuse.
What should I think about when buying an aquarium?
Most aquarists do not just launch fish into an aquarium, but decorate it with algae, sculptures, grottoes, stones and aquarium soil. The latter is not mandatory if there are no live plants in the aquarium.
Aquarium soil is gravel, marble crumb, sea pebbles, laterite, clay mixed with sand and gravel, etc. When buying soil, please note that the soil layer must be at least 5 centimeters in order for the roots of aquarium plants to gain a foothold. It is desirable that the soil was without sharp edges.
For most fish, it is imperative to install a filter and aeration in the aquarium, which will pump the air and clean it.
Who gets along with whom, and who should not be settled together?
Aquarium fish, as in nature, are divided into peaceful and predators. Therefore, before the acquisition must take into account this nuance. For example, cichlids, African, piranhas are predatory fish. But nevertheless the majority of fresh-water aquarium fishes are peaceful, they perfectly coexist in one aquarium. Only some of them require individual space. In particular, the bar of Sumatra can not be kept together with guppies or cockerels. They barb can nibble on the fins. It is also very important to consider the size of the fish. Even a peaceful, but big-sized fish can eat its little neighbor. So do goldfish, which eat everything that they put in their mouths.
Aquarium fish are divided into viviparous and those that lay eggs.
Viviparsing fish breed in an artificial reservoir much faster and easier. For example, guppies, swordtails, ameca, petsilia often give birth to many fry. But the female should be removed from other fish in time, or the young fish should be quickly removed from the aquarium until other fish have eaten them.
In fish that lay their eggseverything is much more complicated. For this process, they require a special temperature and power. Most often, if people are engaged in fish unprofessionally, the latter do not lay eggs in the aquarium. In general, each fish lays its eggs in different ways and cares for its offspring. Some females, such as cichlids, carry eggs in their mouths. In nature, during this period (2-3 weeks) they do not eat anything. If the female is fertilized in an aquarium, then it is better to pull the eggs out of her mouth and put them into another container, otherwise the fish will die of starvation. Some fish lay their eggs on the surface of the water, making a nest of foam.
With that said, answering the question of what kind of fish to start with, for starters, start my advice with a viviparous, and then we'll see. Of course, this advice is not a dogma, but in any case, before you buy fish, study all the information about it - conditions of detention, water parameters, and compatibility. And then you start and buy !!!
How to care for the aquarium?
Caring for an aquarium is not only its timely cleaning, but also the use of the correct feed.
1. It is advisable not to feed the fish with live moths, as it is possible to bring an infection into the aquarium. The alternative is frozen bloodworm or dry. It is better to feed the fish twice a day and in any case not to overfeed. Excess feed decomposes and quickly spoils the water.
2. It is necessary to clean the aquarium once in 7-10 days. The frequency of cleaning depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish, plants, equipment, etc.
3. During cleaning, clean the filters.
4. In no case do not drain all the aquarium water. It is worth pouring only 1/3 of the liquid. If you drain all the water, the biobalance that exists in the aquarium will be disturbed.
5. Wipe bloom from the walls of the aquarium, and then add fresh water. If necessary, add preparations to soften and purify water.
Tap water for aquarium is better not to use. It contains chlorine and heavy metals, which can be deadly to fish.Therefore, you need to clean the impurities with special conditioners.
Diseases of aquarium fish.
The most common disease among fish is ichthyoftoriosis. People call this disease "semolina". The body of the fish is covered with white small grains. The fish can be cured, the main thing is to do it in time. There are special preparations for ichthyoftorosis that are poured into the aquarium. At the same time it is necessary to remove filters from the aquarium.
TIP: Do not breed fish with frogs and turtles in the same aquarium. The latter are predators, so they can eat fish. In addition, the conditions of detention are different. So, for most fish a comfortable temperature of 24-26 degrees. For turtles - 28.
Prices for the most common types of fish (young):
Guppies and Swordsmen - an average of $ 0.8.
Petushki - $ 2.
Siamese cockerels - $ 5.
Goldfish - an average of $ 2.
Tell me the name of the aquarium fish that cleans from the algae glass aquarium ???
No fish clean glass aquarium. There are fish that eat greens, formed on the glass in an unwashed aquarium, but this is not enough to bring the aquarium into the proper form. Glasses you need to clean yourself, not relying on fish.
The first fish is a magnetic scraper))) It helps against any contamination on glass. And even feed is not necessary)))
The 2nd fish is a sponge common))) Only change it every time to clean. He doesn't want to eat, he doesn't need any care)))
3rd fish - ancistrus ordinary, star-shaped and any other species. But he eats only green algae on glasses and makes beautiful patterns))) With a lack of food, he eats live plants. This is his main disadvantage. Even to old age ceases to try
4th fish - pterigoplicht. The description is also that of anz
5th fish - gyronoheylus. Almost the same as anz
6th fish - SAE
7th snail))) - ampulyaria. Also eats green algae, formed not on the walls.
All these inhabitants will help you, but they will not do the work for you.