Labeo two-tone or bicolor - large and pugnacious
Labeo bicolor or bicolor (Latin Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) is a popular carp fish. Unusual color, the shape of the body resembling a shark, interesting behavior, all this made Labo bicolor a very common fish. However, each barrel of honey has its own fly in the ointment. It has a two-color ... What? Let's tell about it further.
Habitat in nature
The two-colored labeo fish lives in the basin of the Chao Phraya River in Thailand, where it was discovered in 1936. However, after the rapid catch and industrial pollution of the area it was classified as extinct in 1966. However, recently a small natural population has been discovered, and the species is classified as endangered.
According to unconfirmed reports, it lives in rivers and streams, and during the rainy season it migrates to flooded fields and forests. It is believed precisely because of the violation of the possibility of migration, the labo was on the verge of extinction.
But despite this, bicolor is common in captivity, and is massively divorced around the world.
For everyone who once kept a labo, it is clear why he is so popular.
It has a velvety black body, with a bright red tail. The body is shaped like a shark, in English it is even called red tail shark (red tail shark). This combination, plus the large activity of the fish make it very noticeable even in large aquariums. There is a Labean albino, a fish that lacks pigment and has a white body, but red fins and eyes. It differs from its color brother only in color, its behavior and content are identical.
At the same time, it is a rather large fish, reaching an average size of 15 cm in length, but it can also be 18–20 cm. years old.
In nature, it predominantly feeds on plant food, but there are also worms, larvae and other insects. Aquarium labo eat food containing fiber - flakes, pellets, tablets. The benefit now is not a problem, you can give widespread tablets for antsistrusov or feed with high fiber content.
Additionally, you can give slices of zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce and other vegetables. As for animal feed, the Labe two-color eats them with pleasure, and any. But still, the basis of his diet should be vegetable feed. But he eats algae reluctantly, especially when an adult and certainly does not eat a black beard.
Compatible with other fish
This is where the problems that we talked about at the beginning of the article begin. Despite the fact that the two-color labo is widespread and is often sold as a fish suitable for a common aquarium - this is not so ... This does not mean that it should be kept one, but the fact that it is necessary to select neighbors with care is certain. While he is small, he will avoid conflicts, but sexually mature becomes aggressive and territorial, especially to fish of similar color. Labeo chases other fish and many get very much.
It is worth noting that in many respects it still depends on the nature of a particular individual and the size of the aquarium, some quite live peacefully in common aquariums, and others arrange terror in them.
What kind of fish should be avoided? First of all, you can not keep a couple of labo, even if there is a lot of space, they will fight when they meet. You can not keep similar in color or shape of the body, they even attacked the Sword. Fish living on the bottom will also suffer, as the labo eats mainly in the bottom layers. Ancistrus more or less live because of its solid armor, and small and defenseless speckled catfish will have a hard time.
And who will get along with labo? Character and carp, fast and small fish. For example: Sumatran and mossy barbs, congo, ternii, fiery barbus, danio rerio and danios Malabar. All these fish have too much speed to be able to catch them, and they live in the upper and middle layers.
Apparently in nature, Labo lives alone, meeting with relatives only during spawning. His character only deteriorates over time, and it is highly recommended not to keep even a pair of fish in one aquarium. In most cases, it is better to keep one.
Fight with a black knife:
Content in an aquarium
Since bicolor is a fairly large fish, and even territorial, for its maintenance you need a spacious and spacious aquarium with a capacity of 200 liters or more. The smaller the space and the more neighbors, the more aggressive it will be.
The aquarium should be covered, as the labo aquarium fish jumps perfectly and can die. The content of the two-color is simple, it is important space and a large number of plants on which it feeds. Plants with a full-fledged diet, it does not hurt, except perhaps from hunger.
Like all the inhabitants of the rivers, loves fresh and clean water, so that filtration and replacement are required. As parameters, it adapts well, but the optimum will be: temperature 22-26C, PH 6.8-7.5, average water hardness.
Almost indefinable. In sexually mature females, a fuller and rounded abdomen, but this is where the differences end. And it is impossible to distinguish the female from the young individuals.
It is extremely difficult to breed a labo in an amateur aquarium. As a rule, it is bred either on farms in Southeast Asia, or local professionals. The fact is that when breeding gonadotropic hormones are used to stimulate spawning, and the slightest error in dosage leads to the death of fish.
Labo - aquarium fish: compatibility, breeding, maintenance and care
Labo - aquarium fish, which is very popular among fans of observations of the underwater world. It belongs to the carp family. This beautiful medium-sized small fish from Thailand comes from. Her beautiful coloring will decorate any aquarium. The content of these fish has some features that new aquarists should be aware of.
The natural habitats of Labe are rivers, lakes and streams of Southeast Africa and Asia. These fish prefer shallow water with flowing clear water, with a large number of plants. In such reservoirs, they perform the role of attendants - small fish clean the skin of hippos from parasites.
Labo - a fish with a slim, elongated and slightly flattened laterally torso. The profile of the back is curved more significantly than the abdomen. One of the features of this species are large fins, which resemble sharks in their shape.
Horny villi and pair of antennae are clearly visible near the mouth. Labo has lips, resembling a suction scraper, which help to collect from the bottom, from stones, drifts, algae plant and animal fouling.
Active and mobile creation - Labo. The fish, as a rule, occupies a certain territory, which it bravely protects. It should be noted that the labo aggressive is not to everyone, but only to fish with a bright color and their relatives. It is for this reason that it is important to choose the aquarium of the required size, to equip it, to zone it in order to prevent fights of aggressive relatives.
Types of labo
To date, well studied twenty species of these cute fish. In the aquarium, you can contain only some of them:
- a two-colored labo is a fish with a magnificent color: a velvety completely black body and a luxurious red tail;
- green (labo Thai) - this fish has a dark-brown, green body and red fins;
- albino - reddish-brown fins stand out against the white body;
- Congolese - leopard, spotted color;
- silver - the whole body of the fish is colored like silverfish;
- harlequin (multicolored) - at a young age, the body of this variety is labo colored beige-brown with spots and orange-red patches on the fins, with time the color changes to gray.
Aquarium fish Labe two-color: description
Sometimes they are called labo bicolor. These are inhabitants of small rivers, streams and lakes of Thailand. In Europe, this species appeared in 1952, and was introduced to Russia in 1959. The two-colored labo has a slender, slightly elongated body with a curved back and flattened sides. Her head is small, and her eyes are red and disproportionately large.
The mouth is surrounded by two pairs of whiskers and horny hairs. It is located at the bottom and looks like a suction scraper. The fish is famous for its spectacular color - it seems that its body is covered with black velvet. The dorsal fin is black, high and sharp. The pectoral fins, as well as the anal and ventral, are well developed, but not colored - they are transparent.
The main decoration of these fish are red tails. These fins are rather long, bifurcated at the end, of fiery red color. Females of two-colored labo are much larger than males, but slightly paler in color. Under natural conditions, they grow up to thirty centimeters in length, and aquarium labo rarely exceed fifteen.
The shape of the body, this fish is almost no different from its two-color relative. Despite the name, the color of these fish is dark olive, with a bronze sheen, and the belly is silver-bronze. Along the stigma, through the eye, a dark stripe stretched to the posterior tip of the gill cover. Almost at the very base of the tail is a black speck. These fish also have red tails, and all of their fins are colored scarlet.
Green Labo - a fish, in which sex differences are clearly visible. The body of the female has the shape of a torpedo, it is plump, and the male is more slender. Its dorsal fin is noticeably taller and sharper than that of the female, and during spawning the anal fin acquires a black border. Under natural conditions, these fish grow to 18 cm in length, and in captivity - no more than 8 cm.
Labo fish: maintenance and care
We have already said that these inhabitants of the aquarium need their own territory, for which no one will claim. On this basis, it is necessary to choose a container with a capacity of at least 100 liters per one “tenant”. A small volume can fit only one pet, for example, labo bicolor.
Owners of the aquarium should definitely consider the decor of the home. Labeo needed shelter places. For this, stones, caves, grottoes, snags, pots or their fragments, other decorative elements can be used. You should know that the labo can jump out of the aquarium, so it must be covered.
Another important point - Labo are very fond of lush vegetation. It should be with powerful roots. Algae are necessary for these fish, not only as an additional feed, but also as an excellent natural shelter. They will also help the owner to divide the reservoir into separate zones where single fish will feel quite comfortable.
Labeo have rather high water requirements. It should be clean, so you can not do without aeration system and filtration. Ideal water should have the following characteristics:
- acidity - pH 6.5-7.5;
- stiffness - 4-20;
- temperature - 23-27 ° С.
At least once a week, the water must be partially renewed to 20% water. Filling the tank is allowed and tap water. But for this, it should stand for 3-4 days. For the substrate suitable sand and pebbles fines.
Food labo is not very demanding. They are happy to consume live food. This is a bloodworm, daphnia, a pipe worker. Do not refuse vegetable food and special dry feed. If you want to diversify the diet of your pets, scald the lettuce leaves and give them small pieces, use frozen spinach, zucchini pieces and cucumber, oatmeal.
These fish, according to the owners, are very happy when a sheet of glass overgrown with algae appears in their house. They are happy to eat them. Feed labo recommended twice a day. With good care, proper feeding, this type of fish lives up to 12 years.
These beautiful fish puberty comes at the age of about one and a half years. Labo breeding is, quite frankly, a difficult process. First you need to get a large aquarium, a volume of at least 500 liters. It should have dim lighting and various shelters of stones and plants.
Particular attention should be paid to water parameters:
- acidity - pH 6.0-7.0;
- temperature - 24-27 ° C;
- stiffness - up to 4.
To this should be added good aeration and provision of duct. For spawning it is necessary to take two males and one female. For about two weeks they should be kept separately and fed with daphnia, scalded lettuce, strawberry, spinach ice cream.
Before spawning, the fish are hormonally injected into the back muscles. Six hours after this procedure, spawning begins. During this period, the flow of water should be significantly weakened. Caviar, which turned out to be at the bottom, manufacturers eat, not touching the one that swims in the water. After completion of spawning, the producers are transplanted.
Next, the caviar sorted. Dead white eggs, which become noticeable after two hours, must be removed, and the remaining eggs should be transferred to a twenty-liter incubator with water, which has the same characteristics and light aeration.
Caviar ripens within 14 hours. After two days, the eggs turn into fry and begin an independent life. They swim and feed freely. During this period, they need living dust, rotifers, ciliates. As a rule, during the first fifteen days up to half of the fry die. The rest grow well and grow pretty quickly.
In adults, the dominant and belligerent character appears. This is especially true for males. These aquarium fish are distinguished by a strict hierarchy - the strongest male allows himself to swim into foreign territories, while not allowing anyone to his.
Labo - fish, which compatibility with other inhabitants of the aquarium must be considered in order to avoid conflicts. They are not recommended to settle with fish that have a similar color, and with large cichlids. They prefer to meet with their relatives only during spawning, and they cannot live in the same territory all the time.
However, if your aquarium is spacious enough, non-predatory and non-aggressive fish can become ideal neighbors for labeos - fighting, sklyaria, tetra, barbus, danios, gourami. Unlike Labo, they prefer the upper and middle layers of water, so they rarely intersect with their neighbors. In addition, these fish - fast and small, labo they often simply can not catch up.
Labo - a wonderful fish, which is suitable for an experienced aquarist, and for the novice lover of the underwater kingdom. It is interesting to watch her, she does not require very complex care and, under proper conditions of detention, will long delight with her beautiful appearance and interesting behavior.
Labo fishes - invaders of territories
One of the famous aquarium fish of the carp family is labo green and other varieties of this fish. In nature, they live in small bodies of water mainly in Africa and Asia. The most popular are also species of labo bicolor and labo albino. This fish easily enough gets on with many aquarian pets, and its reproduction in the conditions of bondage is possible artificially. Having provided the right care, you can admire their presence in the aquarium for several years.Bicolor
All species are mobile and active fish, are twilight and nocturnal. These are loners, expressing extreme rejection to their relatives and similar fish. Large males can seize someone else's territory he liked and chase away its inhabitants. The mouth of the fish has a special suction cup, with which they can scrape off algal fouling from cliffs and stones. On the head there are also two pairs of antennae. The tail fin has a two-bladed shape.
Two-color labo or bicolor is a bright variety with pronounced territorial habits. The fish have an unusual color, the whole body is painted in a warm black tone, and the tail fin is bright orange or red. Bicolor females are paler, but larger in size than males. In length, the bicolor aquarium fish reaches 12 cm. This fish was listed in the Red Book, and aquarists called it red-tailed shark.
Labeo green is also known as frenatus, seaweed or Thai labe. The body of the fish is colored from greyish-green to black. A dark stripe runs from the head to the eyes, and a dark speck is located at the end of the red tail. In aquarium conditions, labo green reaches 12 cm, can live for 8 years. Labeo green becomes aggressive at the sight of small fish of red color, but in the main time it hides in foliage and in crevices. This species is also distinguished by the fact that it can perform the function of an aquarium cleaner, eating decaying tissues of dead fish.
Black Labo or Black Moroulius predominantly lives in Asian freshwater bodies. Взрослые особи окрашены в черный цвет с коричневым оттенком, плавники черные. Этот вид отличается крупными размерами, может достигать до 90 см в природе и весить до 7 кг. В условиях неволи рыбки вырастают до 40-60см, поэтому им необходим аквариум от 500 литров на особь. Могут жить до 10 лет в благоприятных условиях.
Лабео альбинос является выведенной породой зеленого вида, от которых они отличаются более тонким и вытянутым телом. Рыба имеет белый окрас с розоватым оттенком, плавники красные. Labeos albino is the most peaceful type, it can be kept in a common aquarium with other fish of similar size.
Proper maintenance of all species, not counting the black variety, requires an aquarium of 80 liters for each individual. In an aquarium, shelters in the form of stones, caves, snags and large-leaf plants are needed. Fish will hide there, head up or down. Water must be filtered and saturated with oxygen. A quality aeration and filtration system is required. From living plants fit ferns, sagittariya, aponogeton, ekhinodorus. Peaty-sandy dark ground and Javanese moss are laid on the bottom, which will become a delicacy of fish.
Temperature condition in the range of 24-26 ° C, hardness of 5-14 °, acidity 7.5. These pets do not tolerate an acidic environment. It should regularly clean the soil, replace a quarter of the volume of water every week and remove organic accumulations. The lighting in an aquarium can be naturally weakly diffused.
In nature, fish breeding occurs seasonally 2 times a year. In aquarium conditions, the breeding of these fish occurs by artificial means. Spawning stimulation is performed by hormonal injections in the exact dosage. For 2 weeks, producers are seated and richly fed with daphnia, bloodworm and other live food. From plant foods they give scalded lettuce. Spawning take from 150 liters with various shelters and dim lights. In order for the dilution to be successful, the temperature in the spawn is increased to 28 °, the rigidity to 8 °. Fish lays up to 5,000 eggs with a diameter of 1.5 mm. They should be sorted and transferred to an incubator with strong aeration. Fry appear on the 4th day, keep in flocks. Half the fry can die, only the strongest will survive. They will eat algae from the walls of the aquarium, eat ciliates and rotifers.
The fish is omnivorous, in nature it feeds on plant food, worms and insect larvae. In an aquarium it feeds on algal fouling, live and vegetable feed. Fish feed taken from any water level. They willingly consume moths and a pipe worker, as well as a combined feed. In addition, you can give cucumber slices, zucchini, salad and other vegetables.Albino
Labeo green gets on with battles, large tetras, scalars, catfish, mollies, patsils, gourami, barbs and iris. Labo frenatus and all other species have poor compatibility with fish of similar colors and shapes, as well as with tsikhlovymi, veil. It is better to exclude their joint keeping with cockerels, swordtails, goldfish, astronutos and koi carps.
All varieties of fish are excellent and interesting pets for any aquarium. Good care and proper maintenance will be the key to their long life. Experienced aquarists will be able to breed fish by an artificial method.
This fish will be noticeable in any aquarium. Her bright appearance, body shape like a shark and peculiar behavior will not leave anyone indifferent. It is called labo bicolor (in a different way - two-color). However, despite the popularity and love for her aquarists, it is not so easy to maintain it. Let's find out - how?
Labeo bicolor in nature
The homeland of these carp representatives is considered to be the basin of one of Thailand’s largest rivers, the Chao Phraya (or Chao-Praia). It was here that Epalzeorhynchos bicolor was discovered in 1936.
Industrial pollution of the Tsar River and the rapid catch of bicolors led to the fact that in 1966 they were considered extinct. However, later, scientists discovered a small population, so the species was transferred to the category of those on the verge of destruction, and also listed in the Red Book.
Remains of this species inhabit lakes, streams and small rivers. With the onset of the rainy season, they move to flooded fields and forest areas.Drainage of wetlands and the construction of dams are the main reasons for the reduction in the number of "wild" individuals.
Europe first saw Labo bicolor in 1952, and Russia in 1959. To date, all the fish for sale are bred only in captivity. Caught in nature on the shelves of pet shops you will not see.
What does labo bicolor look like
It is quite large. The average body length is 12-15 cm. There are 18-20 centimeters "giants".
The shape of the body resembles a shark, for good reason the British call this fish the red tail shark. The body is slender, elongated. The back is curved, and the sides are flattened.
The head is small. The eyes are red, large. The mouth is lower, it looks like a suction scraper. It is equipped with horny hairs and two pairs of whiskers.
The color of the body is pleasant, velvety black. The color of the sharp and high dorsal fin is the same. Powerful fins on the chest, as well as on the abdomen and at the tail - transparent. The tail itself is long, bifurcated at the end, its color is bright red.
The male can be recognized by a smaller size, by a more intense coloration than that of the females. Juveniles are colored lighter. They live on average 5-6 years. There are long-livers who pleased their masters for 10 years.
Character and compatibility labo bicolor
Epalzeorhynchos bicolor swim in the middle and lower layers of water. Love open spaces. Sometimes hiding in the thickets of plants.
Very often sellers position these fish as suitable for a common aquarium. This is not quite true. If young laboos try to avoid conflicts, then sexually mature will show themselves in all their glory!
They are territorial and can be very aggressive. Not only the "relative", but also other fish that looks like them (especially with a reddish color), is at risk of being driven to death. With age, the nature of the fish only deteriorates, and fights are becoming more violent.
This does not mean that the Labo Bicolor should be kept in isolation, but it is better for him to select the neighbors very carefully. It is a bad idea to keep together several representatives of this species.Two "two-colored" even in a large aquarium at any meeting will throw themselves into a fight.
Although, in the literature there is advice on settling Labe by a group of 5-6 pieces in very large aquariums with an abundance of shelters and a territory divided by thickets of plants. It is also not necessary to add any fishes similar in body shape or color to them, for there are known incidents of attack even against swordtails. Do not be good for the bottom fish of the type of speckled catfish, as the bottom layer of water is the place where the bicolor takes food.
Who do these aggressors get along with? They are allowed to be kept with small fast fish occupying the upper and middle layers of the water, for example, haratsin and carp (barbs, crests, congo, zebrafish).
In any case, all individually. If you see that your red-tailed shark does not get along with anyone, then you better keep it in splendid isolation.
How to create conditions
It is not very difficult. The main thing - to provide space and the abundance of plants. What to focus on:
Aquarium. For a large and territorial labo-bicolor, a large aquarium will be required (at least 80 liters for only one adult and 200 liters for it if other fish are present). If there is little space and a lot of neighbors, then aggressive behavior is ensured. Be sure to put a lid on top of the tank, as these fish often jump out and may die.
Water must be clean and fresh. Replace 20 percent of it regularly (once a week will be enough). Install a good low flow filter. The best indicators for water are: temperature - 22-26, acidity - 6.8-7.5, hardness - 10.
Lighting better to make a little scattered.
Priming It is recommended to take a dark color. At the bottom, be sure to make shelters, caves of stones and place snags.
Plants better to choose with large leaves and in large quantities. They should create shady areas above the shelters and form boundaries between them. The fish then can not often see that will reduce the number of fights. Labo plants can only be harmed by hunger.
How to feed labo bicolor
In nature, this fish eats plant food, complementing it with worms, larvae and insects. In domestic water bodies, it is often wound up as an algae. However, this is wrong, since only seaweed is not enough.
- In an aquarium, food containing fiber should be given in the form of pellets, flakes, tablets.
- You can supplement the diet with pieces of zucchini, cucumber, lettuce, green peas and other vegetables.
- Animal feed, too, eats willingly, with almost everything, but do not abuse them.
- Sometimes for rapid growth it is advised to give oatmeal, protein and fish paste, egg yolk and white bread.
How to get offspring
In the conditions of a home aquarium is very difficult. We need special hormonal drugs. An error in determining the desired dose will lead to death. Labo bicolor is bred on special farms in southeast Asia. However, this is done by local professionals.
If you still have the desire to try to get the offspring on your own, then you will need a large spawning ground in which dim lighting is established, plants are abundantly planted and there are shelters of stones.
Water is better to take peeled, defended,
- with rigidity 4 °,
- acidity 6-7,
- temperature 24-27.
It must be constantly aerated and ensured a small flow.
The female and the males (1: 3), selected for spawning, are kept separately for a couple of weeks and fed with cyclops, daphnia, and strawsmith. Additionally, give scalded salad and frozen spinach. 3-4 hours before planting in a container prepared for breeding, they are given hormonal injections into the back muscles.
The female lays about a thousand eggs, which first float in water and then sink to the bottom. It is better to leave the parents immediately, as they tend to eat the offspring.
After an hour and a half, the caviar needs to be examined, the dead one should be removed, and the rest should be transferred to a 20 l special incubator with the same conditions and slight aeration.
Caviar ripens 12 hours. Fry appear after 2 days. They immediately swim and eat on their own. They can be given "live dust", ciliates and rotifers. Be prepared for the fact that half of the fry die during the first 2 weeks. The rest grow well and do not cause problems.
As you can see, labo bicolor is not such a simple fish. The main difficulties lie in the arrangement of a large aquarium, the selection of neighbors and reproduction. But the effort spent on caring for Epalzeorhynchos bicolor is worth it. And if you manage to get offspring - it will be a real victory!
Video about fish labo bicolor:
Two-color labo - black with red
Labo bicolor (Latin Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) is a popular aquarium fish, which belongs to the carp family. Characterized by a special color, body symmetry, like a shark, as well as an interesting temper. However, keeping a fish at home requires familiarization with the characteristics of all its characteristics.
Labeo two-color is most often found in the Chauphraya River Basin (Thailand), where it was first caught in the 30s of the twentieth century. After uninterrupted manual fishing and environmental pollution, in 1966 the fish was attributed to the extinct. At the beginning of the XXI century, local residents discovered a small population of these fish. View attributed to such, which is endangered.
Rivers and streams - their permanent habitat, but in the rainy seasons the fish migrate to flooded forests and fields. The probable cause of the extinction of the species is a violation of the migration process due to the inability to reach the desired area. Despite the harsh living conditions in nature, Labe two-color is sold as an ornamental fish, which is bred in many countries around the world.
She has an incredibly beautiful appearance, which immediately catches the eye due to the velvety black body color and bright red shade of the caudal fin. All fins, except the tail, have a white border. The symmetry of the body resembles a shark, so another name for fish appeared in the English language: “Red Tail Shark”. Sometimes you can find the albino bicolor bicolor, which has no pigment - its scales are white, but the fins and eyes are red.
See what a two-colored labo looks like.
As for the aquarium pet, it is a relatively large fish, whose body size is 15-20 cm in length. Lives in captivity of 5 years or more, under conditions of proper maintenance and care. Sexual dimorphism is weakly expressed: sexually mature females have a full and rounded belly. Young females and males are almost identical in appearance, during the spawning period, sex differences are more pronounced.
At the age of the young, all the fish are kept flock, and only with the appearance of a more saturated, adult color scales, they become territorial. Presumably, adult males of these fish have longer unpaired fins. The tail fin of females may have an orange-brick color, in males it is bright red.
Rules of keeping in an aquarium
Labo two-colored not only large, but also territorial fish, the maintenance of which is allowed only in a spacious tank of 200 liters or more. Lack of ample swimming space and overcrowding in an aquarium can cause severe aggression. Also, the aquarium should be covered with a lid so that the jumping labo will not end up on the floor and not die. It feeds mainly on plants and algae, which should be sufficient in a pond, this is the basis of its good nutrition.
Labo two-color prefers clean and fresh water, so install a high-quality filter and aerator in the aquarium. Once a week you need to make a replacement of 20% water. Hardy to change content conditions. Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 22-26 ° C, pH 6.5-7.5 acidity, average water hardness (5-15 ° C).
Aquascape is better to create close to the natural biotope. Gravel and smooth stones of middle fraction will be suitable for soil. Plants: anubias, bolbits, microsorums. Illumination should be bright (fluorescent lamps) for the growth of lower algae.
In its natural environment, this fish eats plant food, but it can also catch worms, insect larvae. Aquarium fish can eat food with fiber - flakes, tablets, pellets. They can also be given sliced zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce, scalded with boiling water. Labeo two-color can eat any live food, but vegetable food should be the main part of the diet.
See how to properly keep labo in the aquarium.
Compatibility with other fish in the general aquarium is quite probable, however a two-colored labe is a territorial fish, which in certain situations can attack others. You can not contain a pair of Labo, they will fight in the face-to-face collision. It is not recommended to place fish similar to the color of scales and body shape in the nursery of fish. Also, this species of fish does not tolerate bottom fish, because it takes food from the bottom. Speckled catfish may suffer.
Compatibility is possible with such representatives of the aquatic world: haracin, cyprinids, Sumatran and mossy barbs, Congo fishes, ternets, fiery barbs, danios Malabar, danios rerio. These species swim in the middle and upper layers, they are brisk and fast in order to hide from the annoying neighbor in time. It is believed that in nature, these laboes lead a solitary lifestyle, and form pairs only during spawning.
Is breeding possible in spawning?
Labeo two-colored practically does not breed in domestic aquariums. Bred it on fish farms in Southeast Asia, where professionals know how to stimulate spawning. Gonadotropic hormones are applied, and an error in dosing the drug can lead to lethal consequences.
Another problem that makes breeding difficult is that there are much more females in brood fishes than males. To get a male, you need to bring a lot of young. At an early age, sex differences are almost imperceptible, which also complicates the possibility of spawning in a confined space.
Labeo white albino: content, compatibility
Labeo frenatus var. albino labo white albino
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 31 ° С.
Albino labio compatibility: fish of the same size and character (small cichlids, modest combat, gourami).
Useful tips: The fish is very cocky and plant it to the "small bipod" is not desirable. Fish serves as a medic aquarium.
This fish is an albino variant of green labe. It is thinner and longer than ordinary green labo. The body is elongated, flattened laterally, the back line is arched. On the small head are large eyes, the lower mouth is in the form of a scraper-sucker with two pairs of antennae and horn fibers. Labeo white has an albino (white) color with a pink shade. The fins of the white labo are red.
Labo is an active and territorial fish. Males are very jealous of outsiders on their territory and attack not only members of their own species, but also other fish. Labeos are best kept with fish of similar size and habits. It is worth noting that of all the genus Labe this albino is the most peaceful.
Fish swim the lower and middle layers of water in open space, as well as hiding in the thickets of plants.
The recommended volume of aquarium for labo 150 liters of water. In the aquarium should be placed shelters of snags, caves of stones.
Комфортные параметры аквариумной воды для содержания лабео: жесткость до 15, рН 6,5-7,5, температура 24 - 31 С. Аэрация и фильтрация обязательны, еженедельно подменяется до 20 % объема воды. Освещение должно быть слабое и рассеянное, грунт темный.
Лабео употребляет живой корм, растительный и заменители. Если в аквариуме рыбки сильно объедают растения можно посадить в грунт листья салата. Лабео также не брезгует поедать мертвых разлагающихся рыб, выполняя в аквариуме функцию санитара.
Labo breeding is extremely difficult.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.