Lyaluis - small, beautiful and jealous
Lyalius (lat. Colisa lalia) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. They love lyalius for a peaceful disposition, very bright coloring in males and small sizes. As a rule, they grow no more than 7 cm, and females even less. This beautiful fish is suitable for all types of aquariums and decorates it incredibly. The small size and availability, make it a good fish for beginners.
He can live in very small aquariums, even in 10 liters, but better, of course, more volume. Peaceful, can be contained with almost any fish, and it is easy to breed. Aquarium lalyusa can even be called a timid fish, especially if you keep it with fast fish. He needs time to figure out where the food is, and dare to eat it, and during this time other fish already often manage to destroy everything.
In an aquarium, you need to plant planted space tightly so that you have where to hide. They are very shy and do not like vanity and loud sounds.
They belong to the labyrinth, and therefore can breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water.
Habitat in nature
Lyalius was first described by Hamilton in 1833. Homeland in South Asia - Pakistan, India, Bangladesh. At one time it was thought that it was also found in Nepal and Myanmar, but this turned out to be a mistake. However, at this time it is more widely distributed, it was acclimatized in Singapore, USA, Colombia.
During this time, Lyalius repeatedly changed his Latin name, previously it was known as Colisa lalia, however recently it was assigned to Trichogaster lalius.
They live in slow-flowing streams, in rice fields, in irrigation canals, ponds, lakes. They prefer places that are thickly overgrown with vegetation, and the rivers flow into the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Baram rivers on Borneo Island. In nature, they are omnivores, eat insects and their larvae, fry and plankton.
An interesting feature, as their relatives are gourami, is that they can hunt insects flying above water. They do it this way: Lalyus freezes at the surface, looking for prey. As soon as the insect is within reach, he spits a stream of water at him, knocking him into the water.
Body narrow, laterally compressed, fins large, rounded. The abdominal fins turned into thin strings, with which he gropes everything around. The male lalyusa can reach 7.5 cm in length, the female is smaller in size, about 6 cm. The average life expectancy is about 4 years, but with good care, they can live longer.
The male is brightly colored, blue and red stripes are on the silver body, and the belly is purple. Females are painted much more modestly.
Lyalius fish unpretentious and can be recommended even for novice aquarists. Of course, some of the requirements for the content they have, but they are all feasible. Regular maintenance of the aquarium and water change, as they are sensitive to its purity. The location of the aquarium, as they are shy and do not like sudden movements and fuss. Proper and regular feeding, that's all.
These aquarium fish are omnivorous, in nature they feed on insects and their larvae, algae and zooplankton. In the aquarium they eat all kinds of food - live, artificial, frozen. Various flakes can be made the basis of nutrition, especially since lyalius are prone to feeding from the surface of the water. A supplement to give live food - coretru, artemia, pipemaker.
Regarding bloodworms, some breeders believe that it acts poorly on the digestive tract and avoid feeding them fish. However, they are prone to gluttony and obesity, so they can not be overfed and you need to arrange fasting days once a week.
Content in an aquarium
Live in all layers of water, but prefers to stick to the surface. Even a 10-liter aquarium will be suitable for keeping one lalius; however, a couple or several fish already need a larger volume of about 40 liters. However, they can still live in very small aquariums, it's just easier for them to hide in large ones, and the aquariums themselves are more stable in balance.
It is important that the temperature of the air in the room and the water in the aquarium coincide as much as possible, since they breathe atmospheric oxygen, then with a big difference they can damage their labyrinth apparatus. Filtration is desirable, but the main thing is the absence of a strong current, they are not special swimmers and they will not be comfortable.
The most advantageous look on a dark ground, what kind of soil will be at the same time does not matter. They love densely overgrown aquariums, where they can find shelter and hide. It is also desirable that there are floating plants on the surface of the water; lyalius loves to stand under them. It is better to put the aquarium in a quiet place, as the fish is shy and does not like loud sounds and fuss.
You need to keep one male and several females, as the males can arrange fights between themselves. If you keep a few males, it is best in a spacious aquarium densely planted with plants.
They adapt well to different parameters of water, but the most appropriate: water temperature 23-28C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 - 18 dGH.
Lyalius are well suited for common aquariums, provided that they are kept with medium-sized and peaceful fish. Large, active or aggressive fish will easily intimidate him. These are rather timid small fishes, and the first days can hide a lot. To get used to the new conditions, they need some time. The compatibility of lyalius is quite high, they themselves don’t touch at all, but may suffer from other fish.
A couple can be kept separately, but keep in mind that the male is somewhat aggressive towards the female, and can chase her.
To avoid stress and death of fish, you need to give her a place where she can hide from the male and his pursuit. A pair of males can arrange serious fights with each other, and as mentioned above, they can be maintained only in spacious aquariums.
The females fight:
It is quite simple to distinguish a male from a female from a lilius. Males are larger, much brighter colored, their dorsal fin is pointed. In the female, the coloration is less bright, more full belly, and she is more timid.
A couple is heavily fed with live food for some time, and then deposited in spawning. For one pair you need a 40-liter aquarium filled with water at 15 cm in height. This is done so that the fry lalyusa could survive while his labyrinth apparatus is being formed. They live in captivity for so long that the parameters of the water are not important, the main thing is to avoid extremes. Soft water with a neutral pH is best, but can be diluted in water with other indicators.
In the spawning should be live plants. The male and female build together a nest of air bubbles, and use part of floating plants to hold together. Without them, they often do not even proceed to construction. Most often I use Riccio, duckweed, Piste.
The nest can cover a quarter of the water surface and be more than a centimeter high.
At the same time, they are quite strong, some nests of lyalius remained for a month after spawning.
Water temperature should be increased to 26-28 C. Filtration, like aeration is not needed, moreover, they will interfere with the construction of the nest.
For the female, you need to create shelters, such as thick bushes of plants. Lyaluses are known to be aggressive to the female and can even kill her to death after spawning.
As soon as the nest is ready, the male begins courtship, he straightens the fins, bends before the female, inviting her to the nest. The finished female marks a portion of eggs, and the male immediately inseminates her. Caviar is lighter than water and floats to the surface.
After spawning, the female is removed and the male is left with a nest and caviar. He will soon take care of them, so much so that even stop eating. The fry is hatching very quickly, within 12 hours. The larva is very small and spends several days in the nest until it fully develops. Approximately 5-6 days after spitting, the fry will attempt to swim. The male catches him and gently spits it back into the nest. As he hatches, he has more and more work, and after a couple of days after the first attempts, the fry swim, the male can already begin to uneasy spit it out, but there is. To avoid it, you need to deposit it in advance. The approximate period is between the fifth and seventh day after spawning.
The fry is very small, even after he began to swim freely. You need to feed very small foods, for example, infusoria. It is important to feed several times a day; the fry should have a full stomach. Hunger is the most common cause of the death of the fry Lyalius in the first days after spawning.
Approximately 10 days after the removal of the male, it is possible to give the fry the naupilía of artemia and microworm. If you see that the bellies have become orange, then the fry eats naupil'yu and feeding infusoria can be stopped. Feed you need to frequently and closely monitor the growth of fry. For unknown reasons, some grow faster than their brothers and begin to eat smaller fry. Naturally, you need to sort the fry lyalius to avoid cannibalism.
After the fry grow to a centimeter or more, you can feed it with flakes. From now on, you also need to regularly replace the water and add a filter to the aquarium. Fry still need to be sorted by size, and given the fecundity of lyalius and you may be a decent amount of young. It is best to split them in size into several aquariums where they can grow without interfering with each other.
Aquarium fish lyalius: maintenance, care, compatibility
The aquarium fish Lilius belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. In their homeland (northern India), the habitats of these fish are small, but always overgrown with grass lakes. They also like small streams or rivers, where the current is rather weak.
Lyalius - a veteran of ornamental fish farming
Lyalius can be considered veterans of ornamental fish farming, and their popularity among home fish lovers only confirms this status. Bright colors, calm disposition, small size, simplicity in care, as well as omnivorous - all this provides these fish a constant interest. And not only beginners, but also “sharks” aquarists sometimes decorate their indoor ponds with lilies.
Lyalius fish: content
The content of these fish is not a particular problem, but still, there are some subtleties.
For a pair of liliusi, an aquarium with a volume of 20-30 liters will suffice. Ideally, 2-3 females should fall on the male, but this can affect the color of the aquarium, since females, even during the mating season, look much more modest than males.
For successful breeding lalius, the water surface area of the aquarium is important. It is desirable that it was as large as possible. The fact is that aquarium fish lalyus almost all their lives spend just at the surface of the water. Here they receive food, fill the labyrinth organ with atmospheric air, arrange their unusual foam nests to reproduce offspring, and then take care of it for a short time.
Any special ground for the aquarium, where it is planned to contain lyalius, is not required. You can even abandon the idea to close the bottom of the aquarium, but the light reflected from the bottom of the indoor pond can confuse the fish, introducing nervousness in their behavior. To avoid this, it is enough to cover the bottom with a thin layer of fine gravel (preferably a dark shade) or coarse sand.
Under natural habitat liliusi prefer floating plants with finely dissected leaves. In the thickets of these plants, they like to relax. Separate parts of such plants fish are used in the arrangement of the nest.
But using only such plants makes the aquarium visually unattractive, as the lower water layer looks empty. Standard plants for domestic ponds, such as valisneria, elodea, peristristum and Thai fern, not only decorate the aquarium, but also serve as protection for the female, which has become the goal of too annoying the male.
Preference should be given to dark tones. Such a “substrate” makes the bright colors of the liliusi even more saturated, and the fish themselves feel calmer.
Although in natural water bodies liliusy live in bright sunlight, but they do not tolerate bright light. Usually the fish hide under a mass of plants floating on the surface of the water, playing the role of a light filter. Therefore, as decorative ornaments of the aquarium, you can use a variety of flare. Aquarium fish lilius do not need houses, so stone structures in such an aquarium will be superfluous.
The composition of the water in the aquarium does not play an important role. Lyalius feel great in both soft and hard water. The permissible temperature of water is in the range from 22 to 28 degrees. But try to keep the water temperature below 26 degrees.
Lyalius: compatibility with other fish
If there is a need to purchase one, the neighbors of Lalius can be any fish that have an equally quiet disposition and similar habitat requirements. But you should still choose individuals who prefer to live in the lower and middle horizons of the aquarium.
First of all, their presence will give life to these empty layers. They will not overly intrude into the measured life of the people who prefer to spend almost all the time near the surface of the water. They will not ruin nests built by male lalius, and if spawning suddenly occurs in the general aquarium, it guarantees the survival of the offspring.
The lyalius fish, the compatibility of which with other ornamental fish is relatively good, still gets along poorly with too active representatives of the fish kingdom. It is necessary to abandon the acquisition of such fish, which are much earlier than the slow labyrinth relatives reach the trough, managing to eat the most delicious pieces. Sometimes they can leave their slower competitors without any food at all.
Food for lyalius
Aquarium fish lalyus have a good appetite, but are not prone to excessive gluttony. In their natural habitat, the basis of the diet is flying insects, which accidentally fell on the surface of the reservoir.
To feed these fish is not difficult. Lyalius perfectly eat any food that fits them in size. The main condition is that the feed remains on the surface of the water as long as possible without falling to the bottom. The fish descend with great reluctance.
Korert, Daphnia or Cyclops are beautifully eaten by Lilius. A shallow bloodworm will also be a huge success. You can also diversify the feed for this fish by adding flakes balanced in composition. It will not be superfluous to periodically add to the feed products of plant origin, in particular wolfia.
Lyalius fish: content during spawning
They reach their sexual maturity when they are six months old. Males devote all their free time to building nests. Begin to change the relationship between the male population of the aquarium. If before there were quite peaceful relations between males, now the division of territories begins. A spacious aquarium quickly resolves this problem, and the fish again return to their usual peaceful rhythm of life.
If there is no possibility to allocate a spawning fish, then it is quite possible to follow this process and in the general aquarium. But in this case you will have to forget about the large offspring of Lyalius Despite the fact that the male is very attentive to the nest, it cannot provide full protection for the eggs. Fry that left the nest, also can not be protected from attacks from other inhabitants of the aquarium.
To get offspring, fish should be deposited in a special aquarium. An indication that the couple is ready for spawning will be the specific vanity of the male, who is trying to gather in one pile the pieces of floating plants. Having noticed such an activity, one should prepare a spawn. In general, it does not differ from the usual aquarium, but the water in it should always be warm (28-30 degrees), and water filtration should be turned off.
The spawning process begins immediately after the nest is built. The female spawns, and the male blasts her into foam, and then covers with another layer of bubbles. As soon as the female finishes spawning, she should be removed from the spawning, because she will only interfere with the male to maintain the integrity of the nest. Aquarist at this stage should simply maintain the desired temperature. Even a minor intervention in the incubation process will result in the male destroying the nest along with all the caviar.
Aquarium fishes Lalius, the maintenance of which during spawning does not require much effort, is extremely prolific. And in the event that part of the eggs die, the offspring will still be large enough.
The offspring of these ornamental fish is notable for their excellent appetite, therefore, there should always be food in the spawning tank.
Lyalius - aquarium fish, a photo of which you have already seen above, is quite unpretentious in both care and feeding. For novice aquarists, this is ideal.
Lyalius fish in aquarium
Coral, blue, neon-red, rainbow, neon-green, neon-blue - the whole palette of colors and colors belongs to one small ornamental fish called Lilius.A little shy and livable with his neighbors in the water house, he has been decorating many home aquariums for more than 100 years, providing an opportunity for adults and children to admire their grace. Unpretentious fish is fairly easy to maintain, if you know the characteristics of its behavior.
History and distribution area
For the first time, Laliusa was described by the distinguished Scottish scientist Francis Buchanan-Hamilton in the early 19th century, who lived for a long time in India. He included the description of Indian lyalius in his famous work, which he entitled "About the fish of the Ganges and its sleeves" (Great Britain, 1822). It can be said that the European history of Lelius, or Colisa lalia (in the Latin version) begins with that year.
In nature, this small bright freshwater fish is found not only in Indian waters. She can be seen in the rivers of Burma, Bangladesh, Indonesia, where she prefers to live in shallow water among the thickets. Often peasants encounter a multicolored or ordinary lyalius on rice fields filled with water.
According to the scientific classification, Colisa latia belongs to the order of the labyrinth fish of the Belontium family.
Appearance and behavior
This scaly fish can be called flat because of its ellipsoidal body, strongly flattened from the sides. Due to this, lyaliusa easily and naturally swim through dense thickets of water grass. The size of an adult individual reaches 6 cm; females are slightly smaller than males.
Quite large dorsal and anal fins stretch all the way to the tail, ensuring the high mobility of the fish. There are no pectoral fins in laliusi, rather long mustaches grow in their place.Nature has taken good care of the fish not getting lost in the turbid water filled with algae - with the help of a mustache a multicolored traveler feels like objects in front of him.
The color of scales is the real pride of the labyrinth fish. This bright color can not be described unambiguously: a mixture of turquoise with red, orange and green, with transverse shiny red and blue stripes. The fins are also brightly colored. Another gender difference: females have a dimmer and less expressive color of scales.
If females are more calm and shy, then a certain characteristic of the behavior of male males can be called a certain aggressiveness towards each other. In the conditions of a small aquarium, collisions between them are inevitable until they divide the territory.
The lifespan of these beautiful small fish is only 2-3 years, taking into account the creation of optimal living conditions.
Even a beginner aquarist will easily cope with the content of liliusi, since there is no need to create any special conditions.
Bright lightingimitating the light of the sun, warm water (from +24 to +28 degrees) - that is, perhaps, all that living creatures need for a comfortable existence.
The remaining parameters of the aquatic environment are not so important, but if produced aeration and filtration medium intensity, the fish will not mind.
Water should be of medium hardness, from 5 to 15 degrees, with an acidity of not more than 7 units.
Lyalius can be kept in small capacity. For two individuals - a male and a female - a 40-liter aquarium full enough is enough.
It should be borne in mind that liliius breathes outside air and swims up to the very surface of the aqua. Consequently, cover for aquarium is required.Have a desire to contain two or more males? Please, but for this you need a large aquarium with dense vegetation in its different sides. Males will surely fight and divide the territory, and each will sit on his site later.
Aquatic plants for lalius needed. In addition to the ground grass, it is advisable to keep floating, as the males make their nests from these blades of grass.
Looking at Colisa lalia, you might think that such a bright exotic fish is very capricious in terms of the quality and composition of food. Fortunately, it is not.
Lyalius is undemanding and with pleasure eat dry moth, daphnia, cyclops - dry organic food, in short.
If the aquarium contains smaller ornamental fish, the food intended for them is also suitable for labyrinth beauties.Food should be given in small portions so that it is completely eaten.
Together with lyaliuses, other peaceful tenants - guppies, danios, neons - can be safely kept in an aquarium.
But it is not recommended to substitute restless decorative animals (for example, barbs) in order to avoid clarifying the relationship.
Breeding: conditions and features
It cannot be said that breeding liliusov is such a difficult task. However, there are some peculiarities and conditions that must be strictly observed.
At the age of 5-6 months, individuals reach sexual maturity, and breeders consider the best time for breeding to be the end of April and May, when live dust is always available.
The first step is to prepare a spawn - a shallow aquarium filled with water for 10-12 cm with the obligatory presence of ground and floating aquatic grass.
There is a special requirement: the water should be soft. To do this, it is boiled for no more than 10 minutes and then 2-3 days defended. Then you need to saturate the water with air, blowing for 3-4 hours with an aquarium compressor.
Before launching a couple of individuals into the spawning farm, they should be kept in separate chambers for 2-3 days, providing enhanced feeding.
In the ready spawning with a water temperature of +27 degrees, first the female is released, which takes time to get used to the new environment. After 2 days, you can run a nervous aggressive male. He immediately begins to drive a female according to the nerestovik. But his main occupation is building a nest, which he very skillfully makes of floating weed and air bubbles.
As soon as the nest is ready, the male begins to squeeze the eggs from the female. Spawning can occur intermittently, and one litter contains up to 700-800 eggs.
Eggs are very light, lighter than water, so they rise to its surface. The male mouth carefully picks up the calf and puts it in the nest arranged by him. Immediately after spawning, the female should be set aside, since the male, protecting the offspring, can easily cripple her. That's what it is - fatherly care for the kids!
After about 4-5 days, when the tiny fry that have appeared begin to swim, the male can be rejected. Now, the young need to be fed live dust, it is worth giving and dry powdered egg yolk. In the incubator, the fry are kept for up to 2 months, gradually increasing the doses of feed until the characteristic beautiful coloring of scales begins to appear.
The statement that lyalius is very popular in the aquarist community will not be entirely true. We can say this: these bright Indian labyrinth fish have a stable range of their loyal followers and enthusiasts.
Video about aquarium fish Lyalius: maintenance and care:
Lyalius: fish maintenance, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
Colisa lalia Lyalius
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Compatibility lalius: in fact, with all the peaceful fish. It is not recommended to settle them with cichlids (they are aggressors), as well as with the fish of the Goldfish family (they can "pinch" them).
Useful tips: Lyalius is a famous and popular fish of its kind. A truly peaceful fish, but sometimes it manifests itself as a burrow.
The native land of Lalius is the reservoirs of India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color.
Photo male and female lyaliusa
Liliusov clearly expressed sexual dimorphism. The male is large (7–9 cm) and is painted in bright vertical blue and red stripes, while the female is small (6 cm) have a simple silver shade. As they mature, the males, like all labyrinth fish, develop elongated ends of the dorsal and anal fins.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
The minimum volume of aquarium for lilius is 10 liters. For flocks from 50 liters. In the aquarium should be the ground (preferably dark) and the plants are not densely planted, because Lovelyusy like bright lighting.
Comfortable parameters of water for the content of temperature 22-27 ° C, hardness up to 20 °, pH 6.5-7.0. In feed, lyalius is unpretentious. Prefer live food, but eat and dry.
Feeding any aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Cultivation and reproduction of lilius
As a spawning aquarium, a capacity of 15 to 20 liters will do. The water level is about ten centimeters.
Water should be soft. To soften the water boil it for about ten minutes. In most cases this is enough. But it is still advisable to check the hardness of the water in one of the ways available to you. It should be around 4 -6 ° dH. Boiled water defend three days. Before pouring it into the spawning area, it is necessary to blow it with air with the help of an aquarium compressor for 3-4 hours.
In the corners of the aquarium it is imperative to arrange thickets of plants so that the female has a place to hide from the aggressive one during the spawning period of the male. On the surface of the water should throw a bunch of Riccia, which the male skillfully uses in the construction of the nest of air bubbles.
It is advisable to keep the male and female one week prior to spawning separately and during this period to feed hard including herbal supplements. The temperature in the spawning area is maintained with a thermostat at a level of 23-25 ° C. It is advisable to start the female in the prepared aquarium first and let her settle there for a couple of days.
Once in the properly arranged pond, the male is taken for building a nest. Periodically, he chases the female, who hides from him in the thickets of plants. When the nest is ready, the female leaves the shelter and settles down with the male under the nest. The male wraps the female's abdomen with his body and squeezes the calf from it. Eggs are rich in lipids and therefore do not fall to the bottom, but rise to the surface. Lyalius male picks them up with his mouth and puts them in the nest.
After the spawning of the laleus, the male begins to beat the female and may even kill her. Therefore, as soon as spawning is completed, the female should be deposited. This should be done carefully, as the male lilius during this period attacks on everything that comes close to his nest. So pounce on the net, he can jump out of the aquarium. Therefore, it should first be noted where the female hid, and then, covering half the aquarium with glass, quickly and accurately catch it.
The male nurses the lyalius nest itself. Adds air bubbles, removes spoiled eggs, protects the nest. Incubation lasts about 48 hours. And after three or four days the fry will swim. Now you need to remove the male from the spawning grounds and start feeding the fry with infusoria, nauplii of crustaceans. In extreme cases, the yolk.
Fry grow relatively slowly and unevenly. Therefore, they need to be sorted periodically. As they grow, they are transferred to larger feed. At about 1.5 - 2 months, males appear in bands characteristic of adults.
Beautiful photos with lyalius
Lyalius - fish for all times
The labyrinth freshwater fish, the Lilius family from the Belonte family, has been known to all aquarists for more than a century, but its presence in the aquarium has not lost its strength and attractiveness to this day. Keeping and breeding fish at home does not pose any particular difficulties even for beginners. These pets have good compatibility with other fish due to their peace-loving nature. You can admire for a long time and observe with interest the behavior of the fish in the aquarium if you provide them with proper care.Cobalt
Lyalius has a high oval-shaped body, compressed at the sides. Towards the dorsal and anal fins to the base of the caudal fin. The abdominal fins closer to the pectoral fins and the modified long antennae are unusual. In length, this schooling fish reaches up to 6 cm, in captivity lives up to 3 years.
Males are colored brighter than females, they can also be distinguished by the more pointed tip of the dorsal fin. The body is alternately painted with turquoise and red transverse stripes extending beyond the ventral fin. Lyalius is a rather calm fish, but during spawning it can become aggressive with other fish.
There are many artificially derived varieties of lalius. The most famous breeding species: cobalt, neon, rainbow, coral, red, honey.
Lyalius neon is an unpretentious ornamental fish, has different color variations: red, blue, green. The cobalt lyalius is colored in a cobalt blue color, but at different angles of illumination the tone changes, creating a bizarre picture in the aquarium. The rainbow lyalius has a bright color with blue, green and red transverse stripes running from the body to the fins. All varieties can go well with other medium-sized calm fish in a common aquarium and get along well with them.Red
The content of a pair of fish in an aquarium should include a capacity of 20 liters with the presence of a thermostat, since a stable temperature level of at least 20 ° C is important for liliusi. The remaining parameters of water for them are not so significant. The fish prefer the darker substrate at the bottom, against which they look better. In the corners it is necessary to plant small-leaved plants, where the fish will be able to find shelter.
Labyrinth fish need atmospheric air and occasionally rise to inhale a breath of air. In order to prevent the fish from jumping out of the aquarium, it is necessary to cover it with a lid, which will also protect the health of people from colds during the cold season. Another key to the well-being of fish is high-quality filtration, as lyalius loves fresh water. Lighting should be top and mid-bright. Having provided the fish with good care, you will not have to worry about their health and enjoy them for a long time.
Lyalius is omnivorous, eats live and dry feed of medium size. Small fishes like a koretra, a daphnia, a tubule, a cyclop, an artemia, a bloodworm, a squid. It will not be superfluous to feed fish with vegetable food in the form of spinach, algae, lettuce leaves. If the cover of the aquarium is open, the fish can hunt for insects flying above them and splash water heavily.
The maintenance of lyalius in the general aquarium does not present any difficulties during the marriage time, when the fish manifests itself exclusively as a shy and modest creature. It has good compatibility with any other peaceful fish of its dimensions. The most optimal compatibility with neon, zebrafish, guppy, espey, tetra, catfish. More complex compatibility with restless neighbors such as astronotuses, barbs, as lalyusi in the aquarium will be afraid of their excessive activity. Keeping lyalius with a flock will help them feel more confident.Rainbow
Proper breeding of these fish occurs in the spring, when it is possible to provide them with living dust. In favorable conditions, the breeding of fish will be most successful, so it is better to prepare a separate aquarium, otherwise they may be aggressive with other fish in the general aquarium. It is necessary to spawn for 15-20 liters with a water level of 10 cm. To achieve the effect of soft water, boil it for 10 minutes and check its hardness, which should be 4-6 °. This water is defended for 3 days and before it is poured into the aquarium, water is blown through with air using a compressor. Dilution will succeed if the temperature is set from 23 to 25 ° C.In the spawning ground it is necessary to arrange shelters for females in the form of thickets of plants at the corners of the tank. Also, the presence of floating plants does not prevent: riches or pisti, which will be useful for the construction of a foamy nest.
So that reproduction is not delayed, producers are seated for a week and fed with various and high-quality food with the addition of vegetation. First, a female is planted in a prepared aquarium, which can settle there in a couple of days. And the male, hitting a spawner, is immediately taken for the construction of his nest. From time to time he chases the female, who is hiding in the underbrush. At the end of construction, the female swims up and settles under the nest with the male. Lyalius male presses on the body of the female with his body, after which the female gives birth to eggs that rise to the surface of the water. The male picks them up and puts them in the nest.
It is necessary to complete the breeding of the ilialius, carefully sowing the female immediately, otherwise the male can cause irreparable damage to her health. The male can also rush to anything that will move near the nest, and jumping after a net, can fly out from the spawn.
Taking care of the eggs takes the male, the father not only protects them, but also removes spoiled eggs, adds air bubbles. After 48 hours, the incubation period ends, and 3-4 days later the fry swim up and the breeding of the fish can be considered successfully completed. The male is removed from the aquarium, the fry are fed live dust, infusoria and yolk. Fry grow quite slowly, they need to be sorted and fed with food of the right size, as their growth occurs unevenly. About 2 months they have a striped pattern on the body.Neon blue
To avoid the disease in ralius, it is necessary to first quarantine new pets for about 2 weeks. You do not need to place a biofilter, primer, decor or plants in the tank; you will need a compressor, a heater and a mechanical filter. The water in the quarantine tank should be changed more often. At this time, you need to carefully monitor the health of the fish and, if necessary, conduct proper treatment.
Often, diseases in lyalius lead to their death, so it is important to regularly carry out preventive treatment. The following diseases are considered to be the most frequent: pseudomonosis, lepirdortosis, furunculosis and aeromonosis, the causative agents of which are dangerous bacteria. A sign of the disease can be dark spots on the body of the fish, an increase in the abdomen and small bruises. If you do not notice the signs of disease in time, the treatment can be very difficult.
Lyalius has not lost its relevance since the beginning of the appearance of aquarism due to its many qualities. Especially distinguished breeding species that have exceptional appeal. All types of lilius have excellent compatibility with other small fish, their reproduction is not difficult, and bright colors always remain in the first place.
Lalius species and content tips
Lyalius (lat. Colisa Lalia) is a small labyrinth fish belonging to the Macropod family. Natural habitat - the countries of Southeast Asia, were later acclimatized in the United States and Colombia. They can be found in warm ponds with soft water, among the abundance of dense thickets. One of the most common fish in the aquarium.
The Lyalius fish was first described at the beginning of the 19th century by the Scottish naturalist F. Buchanan-Hamilton. Lyalius first hit Europe in 1869, and after a few years, the famous Parisian aquarist Pierre Carbonier made a large supply of fish to other countries.
In the wild, they live in slow-moving streams, on the territory of rice fields with irrigation canals, in small ponds and lakes. Fish live in places with thick plants, where insect nests, their larvae and plankton are found. Rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, Baram - the natural environment of Lalius.
Comparing them with close relatives gourami, you can see common features, for example, also know how to get insects that fly above the surface of the water. Even in an aquarium you can watch such a spectacle: the fish freezes at the surface, waiting for the victim. When the insect flies close to the water, the lilius spits out a stream of water, knocking the prey down.
Watch the video story about the care and maintenance of lyalius.
Description and types
There are different types of lalius, differing in the color of the body and its size. The most common aquarium species:
- Cobalt lyalius - fish, bred by breeding. Keeping and breeding fish is easy even for a beginner. It reaches a length of 6 centimeters, has an oval body, compressed on the sides. Males have a sharper body than females. Dorsal and anal fins elongated. Abdominal fins elongated, resemble threads. Color rainbow and expressive. The body of males has a cobalt-blue tint; in females it is blue with a silver tint. Under different lighting scales may give in other colors. Dwarf size allows you to actively pursue insects. Proven compatibility with small fish: red neons, races of Espay, five-lane barbs, tetras, corridors. Schooling fish, preferring a small company.
- Neon red lyalius is also a selection form of lalius. Bright red color and peaceful temper, dwarf size allowed him to become a popular fish in the home aquarium. Unpretentious in eating, omnivorous, can live in the same nursery with fish of similar size (6-7 cm). The oval body pressed against the sides has a red tint. The blue scallop covers the dorsal fin, contrasting against the background of general symmetry. Like wild species, prefers an aquarium with abundant vegetation. Compatibility with other fish is possible when building in a shelter container. The fish is very meek and hides in the first days of the settlement. Small aggressive neighbors scare them.
Lyalius (Colisa lalia) is a dwarf species, reaches the size of 5-6 cm in length. The male has a rainbow blue color, the dorsal and anal fins are oblong. Females have rounded fins, males are brighter and larger than females. Pelvic fins are located in front of the pectorals. Along the perimeter of the whole body there are straight bluish-green and red stripes, having a continuation on the fins. A red outline is “drawn” on the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin. On the body of females stripes are pale. In comparison with gourami, the color of scales is not spotty, but blue.
On average, they live 4-5 years, males of lalius reach 7.5 cm in length, females - 6 cm.
Feeding and general conditions of detention
The maintenance and breeding of lilius is possible when in the aquarium their compatibility with other fish is likely, and also suitable water conditions are created.
Lyalius does not require a special approach, but every aquarist must be responsible. Lyalius is sensitive to the purity of water, does not tolerate sudden movements, bright lighting and fuss. All that is required is peace and regular feeding.
The main diet in the wild - algae, zooplankton and insects. In the aquarium, lyalius eats everything: live, frozen, and artificial food. It feeds from the surface of the water. He loves the cortex, the trumpet, artemia.
Bloodworm should not be given to avoid digestive upset. Once every 7 days you can do a fasting diet, giving less food - lilius prone to overeating. Lettuce, spinach and seaweed are also suitable as feed.
The full maintenance of Lyalius is likely with the purchase of a 10l3 mini-aquarium, but you should not be so irresponsible about such beautiful creatures. Better get a 50-liter container for one pair of fish. The temperature of the aquarium water and in the room should be the same, temperature differences are undesirable. Atmospheric oxygen is often captured, with temperature differences there is a chance of damage to the labyrinth apparatus. If it is very cold, cover the container with a lid. Strong current is undesirable, filtration is allowed.
The content and compatibility of lalius in the tank should be as follows:
- Aquarium with dense thickets, shelters, location without extraneous sounds and strong light;
- Put floating plants in the nursery, the fish likes to hide in them;
- One male has a harem of several females; two males and more are capable of settling disputes with serious consequences;
- Suitable water parameters: temperature 24-28 degrees, acidity 6.0-8.0 pH, water hardness from 5 to 18 dGH.
- Compatibility is likely with peaceful fish, but not with cockerels and barbs - they can nibble on the fins.
Look at the lyalius in the company of neons, guppies and catfish.
Conditions breeding lalius
Reproduction and breeding of lilius is possible upon reaching sexual maturity, 4 or 5 months. Like other members of the Macropod family, before spawning, the male builds nests of foam and floating plants on the surface of the pit.
A female laliliusa brings a lot of eggs with a high content of lipids. When the eggs come out, the male collects each, placing it in the nest. Spawning and dilution are possible with a pH of water of 6.5-7.0 pH, dGH 10 hardness, water temperature 22-24 degrees. For spawning, fish are seated in pairs, they feed abundantly before spawning. Spawning volume - 6 liters. Filtration and aeration are optional.
It happens that the female is not ready for procreation, and the male begins to catch up and beat her. In the absence of shelter, it can die, and reproduction will not occur. She lays 500-600 small eggs into the foam nest, immediately after spawning, the female is deposited in a separate aquarium. The height of the nest can be more than 1 cm, the nest itself can cover almost the entire surface of the water.
The incubation period lasts 1-2 days. The larvae hatch and remain in the nest for another 5 days while the male protects them. Taking care of them, and if the larvae accidentally fell out of the nest, then collect each and put it back. When the fry are born, the male is better to sit out.
The initial feed for babies is monoculture infusoria, cyclops nauplii, rotifers, boiled chicken yolk. Combined fry foods will also work, for example, “Sera baby”. Ten days later, the fry are transferred to fodder Artemia. Feeding is necessarily abundant, otherwise young fish will die.
Growth of fry is very slow. They are plain-looking as females, but after the appearance of red stripes on the body, it becomes easier to see where the male is, and where the female is. Over time, you can give them flakes, and put a filter in the aquarium. If possible, settle young animals in different nurseries.
From peaceful fish, rhomboid tetras - tetragonopteruses can become neighbors of Liliusov.
Lyalius - the right care for aquarium fish
The very first lyalius were brought to Europe from Indian reservoirs. The largest number is concentrated in the waters of Assam and Bengal. Not rare in the waters of Indonesia and Bangladesh. These fish live in polluted waters and in the marshes of rice fields. The unique breathing apparatus of this family allows you to breathe atmospheric air. In the wild, this species reaches 5-6 centimeters.
Lyalius belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. In shape, it resembles an ellipse, on which elongated dorsal and anal fins are located. Different from the usual, ventral fins, which look like filaments. This feature of the structure is justified by the fact that, due to the sensitivity of the fin, it can be considered an organ of touch. This happened due to muddy water in the fish habitat.
Original colors of the body of the fish. Most representatives alternate color between reddish and blue transverse stripes. Today, a huge number of colors, thanks to the efforts of breeders. The most valuable for aquarists - red lilius. Unfortunately breeders, the fish breeds poorly in captivity, so most of the colors can only be seen on wild fish.
Despite careful care, lyalius lives in aquariums for no more than 3 years. The amazing beauty of all individuals found in modern aquariums is not often. This happens due to the fact that the stunningly beautiful males are aggressively disposed towards each other and keenly conquer their territory, bringing the opponent to death.
Nuances of keeping fish
It is noteworthy that you can keep fish in small aquariums. For a couple will be enough 10-20 liters. This is due to the fact that in nature there are a lot of them and they live in small territories. The problem is that you can not keep two males in an aquarium smaller than 60 liters, so if you plan to have at least a small flock, look at the bigger reservoir.
In large aquariums, pay due attention to the abundance of greenery and shelters. Males are able to drive another, protecting their territory. Arising battles between them can lead to severe damage or death of one of the fish. Be attentive to the number of females, there should be several times more than males. Despite this, the aquarium fish Lalius easily gets on with other species of equal size. Pick up peaceful neighbors, the content of which is very similar to Lyalius.
- Temperature from 23 to 29 degrees;
- Acidity and hardness do not matter;
- Bright lighting;
- The presence of plants and shelters.
Be sure to ensure that the lid is complete with the aquarium. You need to buy it so that the cold air does not come into contact with water. Since lyalius can breathe atmospheric air, the incoming cold may adversely affect the health of the inhabitants. Characteristic diseases for this breed do not exist, the only difference is weak immunity to colds, so good maintenance, proper food and restriction of cold air are necessary.
Ideal for feeding live food. If it wasn’t possible to find one, then for a while Laliusa can be kept on dry or canned food, however, you shouldn’t get carried away with such experiments.
If you buy a fish from an unknown breeder, then you will deposit a new individual in quarantine, where you carefully monitor the condition of the fish and water. Due to the fact that it is difficult to reproduce in captivity, many specimens are brought from the reservoirs of India, along with a bunch of diseases that are ways to destroy the entire aquarium.
It is not easy to distinguish a male from a female. The aquarium male is slightly larger and has a brighter color. Some species can be distinguished by elongated fins, they are longer in the male than in the girlfriend. Aquarium lilius can breed in the general aquarium, only in this case, the chances of surviving the offspring are reduced to zero.
To get the long-awaited young, you need to prepare a spawner:
- Volume from 12 to 20 liters;
- The water column is 12-15 centimeters;
- Temperatures from 2 to 5 degrees higher than in general;
- Be sure to have glass.
Place floating plants in the spawning room on which the male will pile up a nest of air bubbles. An interesting feature is that the nest of Lilius is significantly higher than that of other representatives of the labyrinth. Continue to care for the fish in the same graphics as the general body of water. If you want to increase the chances of a successful spawning, a week before jigging in the breeding ground you will settle fish in different aquariums. The content in the premarital period should be perfect, feed the fish with live food and highlight it brightly.
A week later, the female is fully prepared to throw her calf and swims up to the nest. One female is able to sweep several hundred eggs in one day. After the female has ceased to spawn, it must be removed, leaving the male for the eldest. It is removed after the first tadpoles appear.
Care for fry is no different from the young of all labyrinths. As the main food use:
- live dust;
- industrial feed.
The best way to use live food. On it fry grow faster and have a pronounced color. After two weeks, increase the size of the feed. Since the time of appearance of the fry is very different - this affects their size. A strong difference is fraught with devouring larger smaller ones. If possible, arrange them in different reservoirs depending on the size. You can notice the characteristic color after two months. The first color males are recruited, and only then samochki. By half a year, lyalius become mature individuals.
Lyalius - content
Aquarium fishes liliusy belong to the family of the belontievy to the order of labyrinth fishes. The lyalius fish is quite peaceful, but very shy, because of this, its maintenance requires many plants. Easily tolerate the lack of oxygen dissolved in water. If there are several fish in an aquarium, they always swim in flocks. Males are aggressive with each other - several males can be kept only in large aquariums, the territory of which they will divide among themselves into areas. These fish can not be kept with barbs and cockerels.
The content of lyalius in the aquarium
Aquarium fish liliusi are simple in maintenance and breeding, although there are some rules that you need to follow if you want to admire their beauty and enjoy taking care of them. Lyalius are very fond of bright light. There should be a lot of plants in the aquarium; in algae weeds are hiding. Plants must grow from the side of the world, and have space for swimming. Lyalius also need floating plants.
Water temperature in the range of 18 - 24 ° C. In the aquarium should be installed heater with thermostat. The acidity of water pH -6,5 -7. In nature, lyalius live in dirty water, but in the aquarium it is necessary to carry out filtration. Males can jump out of the aquarium, so the aquarium should be covered with glass, it will also protect the fish from colds when inhaling air outside the environment.
For fish, darker soil is preferable.
Fish love live food. It can be bloodworm, cyclops, daphnia.If dry food, then buy one that is designed for the smallest fish. Carry out feeding plants. For example, seaweed, spinach or salad.
Cultivation and maintenance of fry lyalius
Spawning lyalius is recommended to be held in April or May.
In general, the aquarium fry does not survive. Therefore, for spawning you need another aquarium with a volume of 10-20 liters and a height of 10-15 cm with soft, settled water. A couple of weeks, the male and female are kept separately to stimulate spawning. With the same purpose, the water temperature should be 24 ° C. Place a few algae, the stems of which are elongated, as well as those that float on the surface of the water. Aquarium cover for the active male did not jump out. A couple or several fishes are selected for spawning. Females in this case should be more. The male builds a nest of air bubbles on the plants. The female usually hides, and the male finds it and drives around the aquarium. Spawning and fertilization occurs when the nest is ready. The male bypasses the nest himself. Ikrinok is up to 800. So that he does not score a female, it is deposited after spawning. From an aggressive male, the female may die if not ready to spawn. After a day or two, the larvae appear, and the fry on day 5 or 6. The male is deposited on day 4, when the larvae swim. Food for fry is "live dust", ciliates, rotifers. Two weeks later, they give larger feeds. To prevent competition and cannibalism, fry are sorted by size.
Lyalius fish belongs to the family of labyrinth fish. The name of the family comes from the fact that liliusy have a special respiratory system. It differs by the presence of an additional respiratory organ, the so-called labyrinth. They need to periodically inhale atmospheric air through the gills.
Such a purchase, as lyalius - and living things in the house "for the soul", and decoration of the aquarium. In addition to a special respiratory system, they also have other features that distinguish them from other species. So that the maintenance of Lyalius does not cause troubles, it is better to create for them the conditions in which they will be comfortable.
This species of fish is very beautiful, especially males, as is often the case in the underwater world. They have their own varieties, for example, red lilius. The main colors are strips running across the whole body, their alternation is reddish and blue. The red stripes of lalius are quite bright, and the blue ones are slightly dimmer (in most varieties), and can be of different shades - from turquoise to light, bluish-white. Also, their appearance can be affected by lighting, on which the visual brightness of the color depends. Fading can not talk about diseases liliiusov.
The size of this beautiful fish from 5 to 15 cm in length. Their oval tall body is compressed from the sides; the edges of the fins are rounded in females and pointed in males Lalius. Also, males are usually slightly larger than females.
Males can even be distinguished on their own, even when they buy in a store where they breed Lyalius. They are more colorful, clearly stand out for beauty and have a different shape of fins. Females are the same, but more faded, as if dull. However, this dullness is manifested precisely against the background of the males; On the whole, Lyalius is undoubtedly beautiful.
Homeland of fish and content features
Usually, in order to understand what kind of environment it is better to arrange for certain aquatic inhabitants, you just need to find out what their life and behavior is in natural conditions, that is, in nature. Where is the birthplace of aquarium fish lyalius? It turns out that this is India, as well as Indonesia. They love heat and sunlight, and in their natural environment they are looking for places where there is a lot of algae. Among these thickets live these beautiful fish, they lay eggs, hide, and even create their own "families" - when one male settles his territory in which several females live.
Accordingly, for lalius it is necessary to create enough thickets from plants, preferably not artificial ones. This is also due to the fact that their males sometimes arrange “fights”, which easily end as soon as the defeated hides in a corner among the thickets. The winner immediately loses interest in him.
In general, the behavior of Lyalius cannot be called aggressive. With other species, they get along without problems. Other small fish are perfect as neighbors - in most cases, compatibility with them is normal. They can arrange fights only among themselves, and only some males do it, and only during the spawning period. If the males are too quiet even at this time, this can speak about the disease of Lyalius.
In order to minimize the likelihood of "wars" between fish, it is recommended to settle them in an aquarium either in pairs or with a small number of males. Usually, three are enough, even for a fairly large number of females. This is one of the features of the content of lyalius.
How to breed fish?
Sexual maturity occurs in 4-5 months. If you decide to breed lalius, you will need an aquarium of not less than 20 liters. It must be filled with soft water, with a temperature of 28 ° C, which must then be maintained. Also pay attention to the compatibility of liliusi - they are of different types. 2 weeks before breeding, males and females need to be seated in different aquariums.
The aquarium is filled with water only 10-12 cm (for a 20-liter). Fish are planted there, there should be several males, and the number of females should prevail; then breeding lalius will be more productive. Subsequently, they will be divided into pairs, and the rest should be transplanted into another aquarium. At this time, the maintenance of lalius should take place in a closed aquarium, since males are aggressive and can even jump out.
The entire breeding period, when you need to monitor the breeding of lyalius, will take about a week. When the female spawns, the male collects her and takes her to the place he has prepared. One pair can lay up to 600 eggs. After caviar deposition, the male behaves aggressively towards the female. When she rises to the top, he rushes after her and attacks. Therefore, the female at this stage is better deposited in another aquarium.
Types of lyalius
There are two main species of this fish: neon lilyus and red. At the second color of the corresponding color prevails. This species was bred about thirty years ago. Neon is different from red in that it has more blue shades. The stripes of this color are wider, as a result it seems that he himself is bluish, but with red stripes. It looks as if a light glow emanates from it, which is what caused this name. However, this is just the effect of an unusual color.
It should be noted that there is another kind, which is called the neon red lilyus. He absorbed the color of the second kind and the "glow" of the first.
In order for your inhabitants of the aquarium to be healthy, you need to follow fairly simple rules. First of all it concerns food. It is preferable to give them live food, although dry is not forbidden. This type of fish is very fond of cyclops, daphnias, small moths.
In order not to provoke Lalius' disease, dry food should be given only small, or one that is very easy to crumble. To swallow a large piece of this fish is simply not capable, and therefore may die due to improper size of food.
Water is changed periodically, replacing 1/5 of the new, settled. If at the moment you are practicing the cultivation of liliusi, then do not forget about maintaining a high water temperature of -28 degrees. The rise above should not be allowed, but letting it go down to 27-26 is possible. It is better to have a thermometer to measure. Such an approach is necessary in order for the dilution of liliusi to give the most positive results.
These fish love the light, especially sunny. The side from which the greatest amount of light enters the aquarium should not be excessively covered with algae. From there it is better to remove them completely, move the bushes to another corner.
It should be noted that the main difference between the species - in colors. If you have acquired neon lilius, care for it will be normal, that is, the same as for all the fish of this species, without any special approach. If you purchased red lalius, take care likewise. With the exception of breeding time, they can be kept in the same aquarium.