Fishes

Small aquariums for fish

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What kind of fish to settle 10 liter aquarium?

A small aquarium is a tank with parameters of 20x40 cm and less (a nano aquarium) in which small ornamental fish can be placed. The volume of such containers can be from 10 to 20 cubic liters, so they are suitable for the installation of decorations and equipment. In a small aquarium you need to put lighting, plant plants, decor, do not forget about the filter and compressor. That is, a small aquarium should not differ in functionality from a spacious one.


How to set the balance in the mini tank?

Care of a small aquarium, on the one hand, easy, and on the other, takes the hassle. Choose a mini tank rectangular, with straight and smooth walls. It is convenient to clean them with a scraper, to maintain. If the tank is round, then it will be inconvenient to reach its corners, it is difficult to wash. A 10-liter aquarium pollutes faster than a 50-100-liter aquarium. Water changes will have to be done more often, as well as comprehensive cleaning, which is not useful for the biobalance of the aquatic environment and the health of the fish.

The main disadvantage of mini tanks is a small amount of water. It does not fit a lot of fish. There you can settle 1-2 fish, and no more. In a large aquarium, water changes are not strongly felt, in a small one this is a great stress. Any changes in the biological balance: fish death, overfeeding, pollution immediately affect the aquatic environment. The only thing that can be done is to adjust the water parameters in time, feed the fish gently, clean the bottom.

See how the ground siphon in the nano aquarium.

To care for a small aquarium should be the same as for a large one. Once a week you need to change 10-15% of water, if necessary. So that the fish do not have stress, do not replace the water completely, try to add it in small portions. The ideal aquarium filter for such a tank is a pump with an internal sponge. The sponge cannot be washed out under running water, otherwise all beneficial bacteria participating in the nitrogen cycle will die.

If you choose the smallest reservoir, then it will be almost impossible to install plants and decorations. Some skillfully planted even in 3-liter jars of dwarf plants, but it is inconvenient to take care of them. In the 10 liter tank there is the possibility to hold a dwarf anubias, a dwarf arrowhead, an echinodorus "dwarf amazon", a dwarf cryptocoryne. Plants for a small aquarium are able to control the level of nitrite, nitrate and ammonia, create shelters for fish. Make sure that the aquarium was the ground. Choose a substrate treated, clean, without paint. Remember that using a regular scraper to clean aquariums of minimal size is very difficult from the layer of plaque.


Now about feeding. As you know, overfeeding harms not only the health of the fish, but also adversely affects the quality of water. All uneaten decays, turning into harmful impurities and bacteria. Decay products are deposited on the bottom and reservoir machines, disturbing the stability of the biological environment. Fish should be fed, hunger is also not an option. Once a week, arrange fasting days for fish. Add food to 4-6 grains, which pet is swallowed by force. What is not eaten, you need to remove the gauze net.

Let's for fish that live in a small 10-20-liter nursery as much feed as they eat in 2-6 minutes. Flakes, live food, sinking granules fit. They sink slowly and do not pollute the environment. If you live on bottom catfish, they will eat everything on their own. Fish can be fed to their usual high-grade food, without disturbing the diet. It is important to clean everything in time.

See how to make a small aquarium.

Which fish is suitable for settling in a mini aquarium?

What kind of fish can you keep in mini aquariums? In a small 10-20 liter tank you need to settle pets with miniature body size. Fish 2-6 centimeters in length will carry such a volume of water. But remember that even small fish want to swim in a spacious environment. They can not be kept in containers that will restrict movement. Territorial and aggressive fish cannot be accommodated in mini aquariums. Which do not need to settle in a 10-liter aquariums? These are swordtails, barbus averages, cichlids, gourami, danios. They have an active and energetic disposition, they need more space for shelter.


In the aquarium of 10-20 liters, you can settle small barbs, pseudomogil gertrudy, rice fish, cherry barbus, rasbor, erythrozone, neon, tetra Amanda. Also there you can keep such fish and shrimp: catfish ottsinklyus, corridor, shrimp amano, cherry shrimp, copper tetra. A representative of the genus Pecilia, viviparous fishes get along well in mini tanks.

You need to buy breeds of fish with a strong immunity, that is, not actually thoroughbred, but hybrids. If you do not have the opportunity to buy a spacious "house" for your small pet, you need to buy a small aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters. There are also often settled well-known Siamese cockerels. The cockerel can live alone, does not get along with relatives, this is after all a fighting fish.

See also: Small aquarium fish.

A small aquarium and everything you need to know about it.

What aquariums are considered small?

Small consider aquariums less than 30-40 liters, usually from 5 to 20 liters. Often they are called nano aquariums (from the Greek nano - "small, tiny, dwarf"), emphasizing with this term not only size, but also their modernity and manufacturability. There are also microaquariums, their capacity is 1-2 liters, and animals do not lodge in them, with the exception of some species of snails. The world's smallest aquarium with fish was created by Omsk miniaturist Anatoly Konenko and his son Stanislav. They placed in 10 ml of water a primer, a specially designed mini-compressor, small cladofor bushes and a few danio fry.

We will immediately agree that we will not call a round ten-liter jar with a goldfish a nano-aquarium because it is not an aquarium, but a mockery of fish and all the principles of aquarism.

An aquarium, no matter how large, is an equilibrium biological system whose inhabitants feel comfortable.

To achieve this in a small amount is a whole science. But, if this is possible, the results can be simply amazing. Such aquariums, where a living biotope is reproduced in a tiny volume, resemble Japanese bonsai art or large-scale models of luxury cars: small ones, but everything is real.

Of course, not all small aquariums are worthy of aquascaping competitions or books of records, but each of them should please the eye of its owner and create a comfortable environment for its inhabitants.

Care of a mini aquarium

As for the maintenance of the aquarium of small size, here you can get under the influence of stereotypes. Often, parents buy aquariums for their children, considering that a small aquarium is easier to clean than a large one. Rather, the "underwater world" of a small size is subject to temperature changes and requires frequent water changes.

If water is rarely changed, the waste products of fish begin to accumulate on the walls and it will be rather difficult to clean the container with your hands. In addition, the slightest excess feed, stale at the bottom of such an aquarium, instantly spoils the water and shifts biological balance. But if you decide to start a small aquarium, get it "fully loaded". Specialists will select all the necessary equipment for lighting, water filtration and water heating. And, despite the equipment, place the aquarium in a room whose temperature is constant.

With such a small amount of water, a drop of even 1-2 degrees negatively affects the fish. When feeding fish, give off a small amount of food so that after feeding there will be no leftovers. Remove excess feed immediately. When caring for an aquarium, you will have to carry out frequent water changes, until the bacteria stabilize their numbers in the filter.

Bacteria convert waste decomposition products into safe substances. A stock of settled water should always be at your disposal. Water in the aquarium should be changed every three to four days, replacing at least a quarter of the volume of water in a small aquarium.

To prevent algae, an aquarium should not be placed close to the window. Direct sunlight should not fall on it, and the duration of the active daylight should be smoothly increased from six hours immediately after the arrangement of the aquarium to ten hours by the time the biological equilibrium is stabilized.

Small aquarium and equipment for it

Nano aquariums are rectangular, cubic or close to it. They are usually covered with a transparent cover glass that allows you to admire them from above. Keep them away from drafts and direct sunlight and closer to the outlet that you need to connect equipment.

Equipment for nano aquariums is generally the same as for large ones, that is, a filter (in some cases it is enough to have a pump with an aerator), lighting devices, a heater if necessary, better complete with a thermostat, and a carbon dioxide supply system.

For those who do not have the experience and time to select aquarium technology, fully equipped nano aquariums are on sale. The best in terms of price and quality are the complexes of the Aqua El Shrim Set and Dennerle Nano Cube series.

And if you want to save money or it is interesting to choose all the stuffing for your nanocube yourself, there is plenty to choose from.

Filter

For a small aquarium, filter is vital. Since the balance in this system is very fragile, and a small deviation of the parameters of the aquarium water can be fatal for its inhabitants, it is necessary to minimize the risk of these fluctuations. Therefore, pumps without a sponge or with a small sponge the size of a matchbox do not fit. Rather, they can be used, but only in aquariums with a very large number of live plants and without fish, with some invertebrates. However, with such a population, you can do without a filter or restrict the compressor.

If there are fish in the aquarium, the requirements for the filter are very serious. It should have a large filler surface to create a biofiltration, skip 8-15 volumes of the aquarium per hour, but not create strong streams of water that will damage plants, fish and crustaceans. In addition, small inhabitants of an aquarium should not fall into its water intakes. And, of course, it should occupy a minimum of space in the aquarium or be well decorated and fit into the landscape. Another optional, but very desirable condition is that the filtering material must be taken out of the water for rinsing without dismantling the filter itself, this greatly facilitates the maintenance of the aquarium.

The following types of filters satisfy these conditions partially or completely:

  1. Internal filters with open lips. They do not have a body, therefore, no one will suck in them. A large sponge (it is better to replace it with a finely porous at once) serves as a good material for mechanical cleaning and a substrate for the reproduction of bacteria of the biofilter. Some models of such filters can be placed with a sponge up, respectively, it is easily removed.
  2. External mounted filters, waterfalls. Take up little space, since the main part is outside. They have a large enough volume, which can be filled with various filter materials. Do not create a strong flow. The disadvantage is that when using these filters the aquarium can not be closed with a lid. It is required to put on a sponge or a fine mesh on the water intake tube of such a filter in order to avoid the inhabitants of the aquarium being sucked into the filter.
  3. External canister filters. Currently, there are models designed for small volumes. Provide very good mechanical and biological filtration, without taking up space in the aquarium. As with mounted filters, the water intake tube should be closed with a sponge or mesh. The only downside is the high cost.

In addition to these models, in aquariums of small size, you can use a variety of home-made designs - airlifts, Hamburg filters, plastic bottles with a fibrous or porous substance, connected to the pump. The requirement here is one: water under pressure must pass through a sufficient amount of material that provides mechanical filtration and can serve as a substrate for bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle.

An additional filter in a small aquarium is live plants, sometimes they are even placed in a mounted waterfall, making a fit filter out of it.

Lighting

Due to the obligatory presence of living plants, the issue of lighting a small aquarium becomes urgent. There are almost never used lamps built into the cover, lamps are installed at a certain height above the aquarium. Usually used fluorescent or LED lamps. In general, the rule is this: if the lamps are fluorescent, then for unpretentious plants the light should be 0.5 W per liter of water, for whimsical ground cover plants or those with a reddish tint - 1 W per liter. If the lamps are light-emitting diode, the ratio of the lamp power and the luminous flux is different, and here they are already looking at the number of lumens. For undemanding plants there is enough illumination at 25 lm per liter, for demanding ones - 50 lm.

Which fish is suitable for settling in a mini aquarium?

What kind of fish can you keep in mini aquariums? In a small 10-20 liter tank you need to settle pets with miniature body size. Fish 2-6 centimeters in length will carry such a volume of water. But remember that even small fish want to swim in a spacious environment. They can not be kept in containers that will restrict movement. Territorial and aggressive fish cannot be accommodated in mini aquariums. Which do not need to settle in a 10-liter aquariums? These are swordtails, barbus averages, cichlids, gourami, danios. They have an active and energetic disposition, they need more space for shelter.

In the aquarium of 10-20 liters, you can settle small barbs, pseudomogil gertrudy, rice fish, cherry barbus, rasbor, erythrosalonus, neon, tetra Amanda. Also there you can keep such fish and shrimp: catfish ottsinklyus, corridor, shrimp amano, cherry shrimp, copper tetra. A representative of the genus Pecilia, viviparous fishes get along well in mini tanks.

You need to buy breeds of fish with a strong immunity, that is, not actually thoroughbred, but hybrids. If you do not have the opportunity to buy a spacious "house" for your small pet, you need to buy a small aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters. There are also often settled well-known Siamese cockerels. The cockerel can live alone, does not get along with relatives, this is after all a fighting fish.

We carefully study the compatibility of species.

Fish for a small aquarium should be selected depending on many factors. For beginners, it is problematic to consider them yourself, so contact the professionals who will help determine which fish can be kept together, and which neighborhoods should be avoided.

Factors important at settling:

  • The ability to survive one by one. Some species can live only in flocks, so pay attention to this moment in the first place;
  • Water characteristics for species should be approximately the same;
  • Peaceful nature of the inhabitants;
  • The number of individuals depends on the surface area of ​​the water. The larger the footage, the more fish you can start;
  • Compatibility of rocks. Sometimes peace-loving fish separately do not tolerate each other's neighborhood.

It is important to remember that small aquariums - a zone of increased danger to fish. Therefore, the choice of neighbors fully determine the fate of your wards. If you add predatory fish to a small aquarium, they will eat peace-loving neighbors. For the angelfish fit gurus, other fish with them will not get along. You can get one fish, which will be the mistress of your reservoir, or keep a whole flock of miniature fish.

PLANTS IN MINI-AQUARIUM

Living plants are needed in small aquariums, as they help remove hazardous substances from the water - nitrites, nitrates and ammonia. Plants in a mini-aquarium create additional insurance and reduce stress in fish. They are also very convenient for growing some small species of plants, because in a mini-aquarium it is easier to create good lighting, and in large light simply does not reach the bottom level in necessary quantities.

To choose the right plants for your aquarium - read the materials on the Internet and talk with experienced vendors, they will always help.

FEEDING

The most important point. The food you give is the main source, and in some cases even the only one, of various decay products. The less you feed, the less dirt and the more stable the aquarium. Of course, the fish must be well fed, and your task is to keep the balance between the well-fed fish and the overfed fish.

A good way is to give as much food as fish eat in a minute so that no food will fall to the bottom. Factory feed for fish, in the form of flakes, a good choice for a small aquarium, it slowly sinks and gives less waste, but also gives small waste and feeds they need not excessively. It is better to feed the fish in the new aquarium for them. When the balance is established, or you start the bottom fish, for example, catfish, you can add other types of feed for a full diet.

Making a small aquarium

You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style.Among aqua-designers, the Iwagumi styles are popular - they are decorated with stones of various shapes, the dressage is decorated with snags, and the wabicusa is in the form of a bump with plants. But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial. For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid's castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it. The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish. In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may facilitate their escape from the aquarium.

Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total layer thickness should be 3-4 cm.

HOW TO MAKE AN AQUARIUM OWN HANDS AT HOME.

LARGE AQUARIUM FOR HOME - LAUNCH OF REGISTRATION. IMAGE EVENT. PHOTO VIDEO.

AQUARIUMS AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THEM.

The names of the smallest aquarium fish

Most aquarium enthusiasts can afford to install aquariums of only small sizes. Such models, with a capacity of up to 100 liters, perfectly fit to the interior of the apartment. Such small tanks are easy to maintain and require little cost, just like the small aquarium fish that inhabit them..

Fish farming is a fascinating and at the same time, a complex process, the main thing in which is the result, namely, the contemplation of the colorful living underwater world. The advantages of large aquariums in this sense are high, however, compact options can successfully perform this decorative function. It all depends on how well you pick up its inhabitants - the smallest fish.

Viviparous small fish

A great option - breeding the most persistent fish - guppies. They are not the smallest, however, demonstrate a high survivability and are the most enduring of the schooling inhabitants of the home “reservoir”. Your aquarium will be filled with bright colors, thanks to the main beauty of these schooling fish - tail fin, especially if you get interesting specimens. A flock of 15-20 fish will color your aquarium with bright lights.

A gaggle of adult Endler guppies.

A great solution for settling a small aquarium will be the swordtails, which got their name, due to the fact that on the tail fin males-like process appears on the tail fin. Feeding the Swordsmen will not cause difficulties, because the food suits them varied: dry, live, and frozen. You should not breed them in aquariums with a capacity of more than 50 liters, because in these conditions swordtails can grow up to 10 - 12 cm. The most ideal recipe for breeding them: run a company of 15-20 waterfowl into 50 liters of water with temperature 20 - 25 and, voila . Your eyes are already pleased with the magnificent red, black, green, and even spotty and tiger representatives of this genus.

A flock of 10 miniature mollies of elegant black color will look very interesting. However, such refined beauty requires better quality care. The pledge that they will give you joy from their contemplation is a bright light and periodic salting of water, maintaining the temperature not lower than 20 ° С.

Calving fishes

Among this type of aquarium pets barbs are widely distributed (Sumatran, fiery, dark-haired ruby, tiger), which prefer live food and grow to about 6 centimeters. They are quite unpretentious, but they should be purchased in pairs. These smallest aquarium pets can not be settled with relatives of veil forms because barbs are able to nibble their fins.

See how live barbs look like.

The presence of the smallest aquarium fish - danio rerio or danio inle will be spectacular. These most active and very playful small schooling fish prefer live or dry food, and their size reaches 3 to 5 centimeters. Excessive mobility of waterfowl, unfortunately, is dangerous for them. Often, danios jump out of their pool, so only closed aquariums are suitable for growing them.

Talking about the smallest fish for breeding, it is impossible not to mention the well-known neon. These smallest inhabitants of indoor ponds are famous for their amazing color, or rather neon luminous strip, which runs through the whole body. Like all small fish, neons are schooling, so it is worth to settle them in groups of 10 pieces.

Look at the neon aquarium.

Whatever schooling fish you choose, it is very important to understand that their attractive colorful appearance and cheerfulness depend on you completely. It should be borne in mind that the minimum allowable amount of water for each instance can not be less than 3 liters. Too many water dwellers will transform your source of inspiration and positive into a kind of "communal apartment" and will not in the best way affect their behavior. Maintaining an optimal temperature, a weekly water change of 20 percent, the presence of an aquarium filter, aeration and the right food - these simple procedures will help you enjoy the contemplation of the brilliance of bright colors in the aquarium.

And here's another great selection of nano fish - look:

The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos


The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. TOP 10 DIFFICULT FISHERS Keeping fish is not as difficult as it sounds. However, aquarium fish, like any living creature, require care and time, which many people, by virtue of employment, simply do not have !!! This topic is left based on the following requirements for aquarium fish: unpretentious fish, small fish, easy-to-keep fish, the most enduring aquarium fish, tenacious fish, easy-working fish. 1 place Guppy

I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.

Everyone probably knows these fish ... even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand "harsh conditions of detention." I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. - horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So you shouldn't mock the fish !!! But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.

GUPPI - THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INNONTAINTH AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE "AS A KROL" INDEPENDENTLY - YOU WILL ALWAYS UPDATE "AQUARIUM PAINTS" WILL READ ABOUT GUPS more details

2nd place Swordtails

A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a "sword" on the lower edge of the caudal fin.

Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more). A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.

An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can “at some” moment become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.

HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.

You can read more about MUCHENORTSAKH here ...

3rd place Somiki corridors

It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish - a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are "nurses of the aquarium world": they clean the soil and eat the remains of vital activity. The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respirationi.e. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.

The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food. In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.

You can read more about CORRIDORATUSES here ...

4th place Mollies

Molly, like guppies - viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions. Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika winners”.

Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.

You can read more about MOLLINESIA here ...

5th place Tetras - Harazinki

All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in "Spartan conditions" as guppies. They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.

You can read more about TETRAH here ...

6th place Ternetsii

Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish. Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants. Aeration, filtration - yes!

You can read more about TERNIA here ...

7th place Danio (rerio, pink)

Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them - briskness and speed of movement. They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.

Read more about DANIO here ...

8th place Torakatum

One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content. They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Compatible with all kinds of fish. The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.

You can read more about TORAKATUM here ...

9th place Gourami

Gourami - are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth - fish do not need aerationthey breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMI here ...

10 place Barbus

Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start barbs, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik." "Pirate" temper, the ability to stand up for themselves - deserve 10th place. You can read more about BARBUSH here ...

Of course, the above TOP is conditional - always remember the words

Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery

"We are responsible for those who have tamed"

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish

Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish

























































Aquarium of 20 liters - the decoration of any interior

Not everyone has a place to put an aquarium or time to devote to caring for them. The best way out is to have an aquarium of 20 liters, which can decorate a desktop or a small table. In any case, he will give the room some zest, if properly kept clean and organize the space for the little inhabitants.

It is not uncommon for small aquariums that they organize spring-water filters, which make the reservoir interesting. The meaning of the spring is to create a fancy bundle for the sand, which looks very much like fancy stones. This can be achieved through carbon dioxide, which precipitates and binds the sand between them.

A special find for the aquarist is sandstone, which for such a small volume does not need much. This decorative material allows you to create unique compositions that advantageously emphasize the beauty of the aquarium in the photo and live. For small aquariums suitable plates, which successfully disguise servicing devices, in large - create a unique relief.

Decor and equipment of a small aquarium

The big problem of small aquariums is the instability of water quality indicators. To create suitable conditions in a reservoir of 20 liters is not an easy task, but it has a solution. Different, even the most insignificant factors can affect the quality of water, for example, the excess of the number of inhabitants per tail or the excess of the feeding rate. Another major concern is providing oxygen to the aquarium. With a large number and small volume, oxygen in the water quickly ends, and the fish suffer from oxygen starvation. We have to solve the problem of optimizing the environment. The filter for a large aquarium is not appropriate here, so you have to solve the problem in other ways.

Normal filter is not suitable because:

  • Takes a lot of space;
  • It has a large capacity;
  • Creates a current;
  • It spoils the plants and carries away the fish.

The only way out is to create an airlift filter with your own hands. It will help solve all the problems of water, but will create additional inconveniences:

  • The main of which are splashes from the aquarium. This option is extremely inconvenient for placement on the desktop. The only way to eliminate discomfort is to cover the aquarium.
  • Increased noise from the device. This option is acceptable for the office, but it will be quite problematic to sleep in a room with a running compressor.

You can solve the second problem if you make a silent filter - a spring, instructions and detailed photos of which can be found on the Internet.

Aquarium population

Before you run there fish take your time, create a microclimate for the inhabitants according to all the rules of the launch of the aquarium. Start by planting plants, determine how many and which ones you can do on your own, even on a photo from networks and clubs. Let's see what and how many fish, and what plants can be kept in small aquariums.

Successful plants that are optimally planted in a 20-liter aquarium:

  • Marsilia;
  • Shchitovnik;
  • Ekhinodorusy;
  • Lileopsis;
  • Other plants with small leaves.

Vertebrates, invertebrates and mollusks are excellent for settling such an aquarium. With the right approach, all three classes can be combined in one aquarium. However, the traditional option is still the establishment of small-sized fish or one medium-sized fish.

If you decide to populate the aquarium with fish, then pay attention to the following options:

  • Petushki. Rather common fish, thanks to a unique coloring and lush tails. In 20 liters can contain 1 male and from 3 to 5 females. The cockerel is not very picky about oxygen saturation, because it can breathe atmospheric air. Watch carefully how many degrees outside the aquarium, because the fish is able to swallow atmospheric air.
  • Neons A small flock of 5 or more fish will decorate a small aquarium. The photo clearly shows the variety of colors. They are mischievous and picky, which makes them favorites for beginning aquarists. Maximum length - 4 cm.
  • Danio rerio. These fish you can get up to 20 pieces in a 20-liter aquarium. Schooling fish calmly tolerate cold water of 15 degrees and very warm at 30. Most often, the fish do not exceed 4 cm in length.
  • Guppy The most common inhabitants of the aquarium in beginners. You need to be prepared that every week in your aquarium 2-3 females will produce dozens of new fry. Initially, the process is fascinating, but soon begins to annoy. The size of the male is about 4 cm, females up to 6.
  • Koridoras. If there are no sharp stones in your tank, you can release a few catfish into the tank. In the photo you can see small antennae, which serve as organs of touch, therefore the ground should be soft and without sharp corners. They love the company, so from 3 to 5 individuals get along well in a small area.
  • The cardinal Easy to care fish. Everyone eats, loves plants and cool water from 18 to 21 degrees. Quietly survive with a population of 3-4 fish per 10 liters.
  • Micro disassembly. Looking at her photo, it seems that she was created specifically to keep her in a mini-aquarium. The length of her body rarely exceeds 2 centimeters, and is not picky about water temperature. However, not very popular in aqua stores because of the low price.
  • Norman blue-eyed Neon fish have always attracted seekers of the exotic. Small fish up to 4 cm are notable for their quick behavior and mischievous character. How many do not look, and they continue to catch the eye.

These options are ideal for combinations, with the exception of males. If the traditional options do not seduce you, pay attention to the exotic, for example, freshwater shrimp:

  • Cherry shrimp. The ideal inhabitant of the aquarium, has a small size (up to 3 cm) and is superbly reproduced in captivity.
  • Japanese pond. Individuals reach 6 centimeters, have a gray tint and help fight algae. But, the big minus is that it is impossible to achieve reproduction in aquariums.
  • Crystal. Exotic color and small size allow you to contain almost as much as you want, and allow the parameters of water, as it is not too dependent on the microclimate.Minus - a very high cost.
  • The cardinal Shrimp for professionals, rare and expensive, but very beautiful.
  • Yellow The little yellow shrimp is not too whimsical, but it requires constant feeding. If you allow fasting, it will raise the plants.

As for the question, how many shrimps can be kept in a 20 liter aquarium, it is important to note their size here. For example, up to 50 cherries will live together in 20 liters. With fishes it is necessary to limit quantity a little. Shrimp can not be kept with medium and large fish, otherwise they will fall as feed. The optimal combination of 10 cherries and 5-7 small fish.

To decorate the aquarium, you can add a few small snails there that will help keep it clean:

  • Helena. It looks pretty snail that feeds on other snails such as pond snails and reels. If there are none, then he eats fish food and breeds well.
  • Neretina. Spectacular snail, which cleans plants and walls, but does not occur in fresh water.
  • Ampullar. Possible, but undesirable option. Cheap, common, but leaves a lot of waste and spoils the plants.

In order for everyone to feel comfortable, try to change 1/5 of the volume of the aquarium at least once a week.

Fish for a small aquarium: how to choose :: aquarium fish for a small aquarium :: Aquarium fish

Fish for a small aquarium: how to choose

Not all residents of modern apartments can afford the maintenance and installation of a large aquarium, so often an aquarium of small volumes is purchased. Choosing residents for such a small artificial reservoir, you must follow a few rules.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers

Content policy

In a small aquarium should not settle a large number of fish. Acquire fish on the basis of the calculation that one individual requires at least four liters of water. If we consider that usually the volume of a small aquarium does not exceed thirty liters, you should not populate it with more than ten water inhabitants. In addition, it is necessary to take into account not only the number, but also the size of the fish, because, if quite large individuals grow from fry, they will be cramped and uncomfortable in a small volume of water. Consider also such a factor as the features inherent in one or another breed of fish: it is convenient for some of them to live in the lower layer, for someone - in the upper layer. Some species of individuals are inactive, others, on the contrary, require continuous movement. Some schooling fish, others prefer loneliness. When you fish a small aquarium with contradictory qualities, you risk disrupting their life rhythm and creating chaos in the aquarium itself.

Which fish to choose

A small aquarium is undesirable to populate predatory fish. Fish of tender, rare, expensive and exotic breeds are not suitable for this method of keeping, because in a small pond you will find it difficult to maintain comfortable conditions for them, such fish often get sick and die.
Of the viviparous fish, the most unpretentious are the well-known guppies, they are distinguished by their mobility and very beautiful coloring, their brilliant flock looks very impressive. Guppies breed well, so you need to ensure that the aquarium is not overpopulated with them.
By the guppy it is quite possible to add some bright swordtails, they are also undemanding and will add bright red, black and green colors to your aquarium.
The cockerel fish, known for its huge “cock” tail and the variety of the most incredible colors, is also very popular.
Black mollies are a bit more capricious, you have to monitor the temperature and the purity of the water, and this fish prefers salt water.
Of the fish that spawn, for a small aquarium, barbs, small danio rerio and voile cardinals, which require an abundance of algae, are suitable.
Also, not to be superfluous are tiny bright neons whose flocks will always revive the aquarium and please the eye.
All these breeds are distinguished by the small size of the fish and their high viability. If you want to choose a bigger fish, you can buy striped ones, similar to a sailboat, an angelfish, or catfish, which, differing in large sizes and bright colors, get along well with any other fish. In addition, these beautiful golden, green, and speckled inhabitants of the bottom layer are tank attendants of the aquarium, cleaning the soil and walls from undigested food, dirt and algae deposits.
Thus, if you wish, you can populate even a small, with a volume of ten to thirty liters, aquarium with beautiful fish that will feel quite comfortable, get on well with each other and decorate your home.

How to equip the first beautiful aquarium

How to equip the first beautiful aquarium

Foreword

"I am extremely happy that you are taking the first steps into the wonderful WORLD OF AQUARIUM FISH.

I will draw your attention that this article is introductory and basic. I strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with more informative articles of our site "about the first small steps in the underwater kingdom," which you will find at the end of this article. "

Scientists have shown that even short-term observation of aquarium fish normalizes blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And fish care teaches children to care and attention.

The underwater world is mysterious and still little studied. Therefore, if you decide to create an aquarium world at home, then before that you should be familiar with the rules of underwater life.

Aquariums can be of any shape: round, semicircular, cylindrical, rectangular, etc. They should not be put on the windowsill, as direct sunlight will fall into it, which in turn will lead to "a greening of the aquarium" - uncontrolled growth of algae.

There are also aquariums that are suspended from the ceiling or embedded in furniture or a wall between two rooms. Such aquariums can be watched simultaneously from two rooms.

If you want to do sea fish, then note that the equipment for a marine aquarium will be more expensive than for a freshwater one. In addition, for marine life will need to specifically prepare salt water. Freshwater aquariums are cheaper and easier to care for, but the fish living in fresh water are less exotic.

Imitation of a marine aquarium is a freshwater aquarium of decorations with artificial algae and corals under a marine aquarium with bright freshwater fish.

The smaller the aquarium, the harder it is to care for it. The aquarium in which live plants will be taken should not be very high - no higher than 50 cm. If it is higher, then more powerful or additional lighting will be needed.

Aquarium can be designed yourself. For a homemade aquarium it is necessary to take only high-quality glass. The front glass is better to put imported, it is more expensive, but more transparent and better. All aquarium glass must be professionally cut and polished. Do not save on silicone - it should be solid, proven brands. It is worth noting that a homemade aquarium goes a little cheaper than a shop (and even more expensive if it comes to individual order). In this connection, we can say that the game is not worth the candle.

Quality, in all respects, are aquariums Japanese firm "ADA". They are much more expensive than other brands. Optimum at the price and quality the Kharkov aquariums of firm "Nature". Recomend for everybody.

Planting an aquarium is better with live plants. Stunted should be planted in front, then - medium height, and behind - high. For some species of fish, live plants are simply necessary - they hide there, and some even lay eggs on the leaves of plants.

Living plants are definitely needed. Even if you start a fish that loves to eat them. Just feed it better so that it does not take up the plants. Plants help dispose of the waste products of fish. The more of them, the better.

Plants, first of all, need light. They feed on them. Therefore, there should be good lighting in the aquarium - lamps with a capacity of 0.6 to 1 W per liter of water.

At the initial stage, the aquarium should be highlighted 7-8 hours a day. Then 11-12 hrs., But no more than this, so that your aquarium does not turn into a solid green swamp.

When buying aquarium fish, and also at care of them it is necessary to watch that they well felt. Most healthy fish swim calmly, do not get clogged in a corner. The fish should have a good color "not to be pale", clean body, not bitten fins. The fish must breathe properly - i.e. when the gill covers do not rise, but only the mouth opens. Eyes must be clean and clear, never protrude.

At the bottom of the aquarium ground is needed. The soil in the aquarium is a substrate for plants and for beneficial bacteria. The thicker the soil, the better - at least 5 cm. For living plants, it should be generally like a multi-layered cake with all the necessary substances.

At the bottom of the aquarium, you can put clean sand. In general, it is better to buy soil in the store. It should be remembered that before placing the soil in the aquarium, it should be washed, but rather boiled or at least pour over with hot water.

The temperature regime in the aquarium is supported by specials. heaterwhich is especially needed in winter to control the temperature of the water. After all, fish can die from the cold.

Fish feed mainly dry and frozen feed. It is better to combine a variety of food, so that the fish eat a varied and nutritious food, get enough vitamins, proteins and minerals. Feed the fish once or twice a day with a small amount of feed, which they completely ate in a few minutes. Remember, it is better to feed a small fish than to overfeed.

Fish can be fed live food. Some predatory fish feed chicken or other meat (bullish heart).

The easiest option for a novice aquarist is guppies. They have very beautiful males, females are smaller and not so bright. Guppies are very unpretentious to the conditions of detention. They are viviparous and multiply very quickly. Therefore, over time, they can become very much in your aquarium.

Beautiful and unpretentious neon fish. They are small but bright. If you run them a lot in one aquarium, it will be very beautiful.

Some types of fish are not combined. To live in one aquarium, you need to pick up fish that would not harm each other. There are also "territorial" fish that fight among themselves, conquering territory. Each fish has its own food preferences, as well as its own character.

Large predatory fish should not be placed in the same aquarium with small fish, so that the former do not destroy the latter.

There are very picky fish, for example, discus and butterfly apistogramma. Such fish require special attention and good care.

Cichlids are the brightest and most beautiful fish, but as a rule they are aggressive, territorial and are predators. Predators should be settled only with those fish that they can not eat. Tsikhlovyh fishes can not be combined together with haracin, because the first is much more aggressive than others. In addition, part of the cichlid lives not in an acidic, but in an alkaline environment.

For aquarium fish need aerationwhich saturates water with oxygen. What is achieved with the help of special compressors.

To clean the aquarium water filter put, and also use aquarium activated carbon.

Get an aquarium! Make fish!

Aquarium is great, and caring for it is much easier than for cats and especially for dogs)))

I recommend to read the following articles:

Aquarium for beginners

LAUNCH OF AQUARIUM

Aquarium decoration

I WANT TO GET AQUARIUM! HOW TO BUY AN AQUARIUM? I WANT AQUARIUM WITH WHAT TO BEGIN? Typical aquarium questions beginners.

All about Purchasing Transplant Fish Shipping!

WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?

CHILD AND AQUARIUM! AQUARIUM FOR BABY! AQUARIUM AT SCHOOL! Tips for parents and teachers when choosing an aquarium for children.

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Round aquarium - design care design photo video.

The specifics of care.

For the proper maintenance of a round aquarium and maintaining the necessary balance in it, certain knowledge and experience are required.

  • Fish life is impossible without special equipment. Required models marked "for a round aquarium", neatly placed in the tank and do not spoil the appearance. Conventional compressor, filter and heater will strongly stand out in the water.
  • It is advisable to buy a round aquarium with a lid, so you don’t have to find a suitable model in specialized stores. The cover is necessary: ​​it does not prevent the fish from jumping out, protects against unnecessary objects, cats and small children. More attached to her backlight.
  • Plant shoots should hide the equipment installed in the aquarium. But in the water space, rooted in pebbles scattered along the bottom, plants should not hide living inhabitants in their bizarre appearance. In a round aquarium, even a minor defect will be very noticeable due to the magnifying glass effect. Therefore, carefully approach the choice of the size and shape of the soil.
  • A small round tank requires weekly water changes. For this purpose, it is recommended to use filtered or distilled water.
  • The excrement of the fish is removed with a siphon after 2 months. Garbage collection in such an aquarium is easy to perform. The shape of the bottom does not allow the formation of dead zones. Partially the garbage is collected in the biofilter, the rest is siphoned off.

Who to settle in a round aquarium?

After equipping the aquarium with everything you need, you should go to the selection of "tenants". The classic version is a goldfish, it is worth sweeping away immediately. She needs space, so a volume of at least 40-50 liters is needed for one individual.
Before you buy fish, you need to calculate how many people fit in the aquarium, taking into account its volume and features.

Small fishes that can live in a round aquarium: petsilia, gupi, neons, molines, swordtails, cockerels, daneo, corridor, lyalius, ampoule.

The most ideal option is cherry shrimp. They only need lighting from the equipment, and oxygen and a filter are not necessary for them.

If you decide to settle cherry shrimps in the aquarium, place the ground, crown, moss clump on the bottom. Note that you have to change the water every 2-3 weeks.

Equipment

Required equipment includes:

  • filter;
  • compressor;
  • heater;
  • backlight;
  • stand.

If you are interested in a round aquarium, it is worth considering its drawbacks carefully, but not to be afraid of them. First, decide on the volume. As mentioned above, the average volume of round aquariums is 10 liters, but you can buy containers for 20 or 30 liters.

You will need special equipment to create a cozy environment. This compressor, bottom filter and heater. It is also necessary to provide the glass aquarium with illumination, but it will be difficult to install it yourself. In order not to complicate your life, it is better to purchase a container with a built-in lamp.

As for the rest, the heater, filter and compressor are purchased separately. In the pet store you can find special models for round containers - for example, a round bottom filter or a convenient compressor that is masked in cramped conditions. There are aquariums with built-in filter.

In addition to the equipment you will need a cover for a round aquarium. She has several tasks at once:

  • prevents fish from jumping out of the tank;
  • serves as protection from curious cats that may wish to eat fish;
  • A lighting fixture is attached to the cover.

Finding the cover separately may be difficult. This is the second reason why it is better to choose a round aquarium with a lid. Stand under the aquarium is included, but it can be made to order or purchased in the store separately.

How to make it?

Making a round aquarium requires a special approach. Aquarium is not only an interior object. Its main function is to create conditions for the life of aquatic creatures. Therefore, it is necessary to purchase special equipment for a round aquarium.

Without it, the fish will not survive. It is necessary to place a compressor, heater, filter in the flask, to provide lighting. Conventional devices will not work, they will be too allocated in the water space. When buying, you should choose models with the indication “for a round aquarium”.

The shape and dimensions allow them to be placed neatly so as to spoil the appearance least of all. Pebbles are scattered at the bottom and plants are rooted in them. Equipment for a round aquarium is hidden by plant shoots.

It is advisable to choose such aquatic plants so that they do not hide the main inhabitants with their bizarre appearance. And pay special attention to the shape and size of the stones. Remember, in a round aquarium, all the details look more prominent. Therefore, any defect is immediately noticeable.

Round aquarium: good or bad?

The round-shaped aquarium and the goldfish floating in it is a constant attribute of the interior of a small apartment from the last century.But the size of the vessel and its shape impose a lot of unpleasant restrictions on the process of keeping the fish. For example, it will be extremely difficult to place special equipment in it, so people do without it. And the cons of the vessel are too obvious:

  • The standard diameter of the aquarium is about 25 cm with a volume of 15 liters. In such dishes can not put a filter and water can quickly become dirty. In order to solve this problem, you will have to change the water every day. This procedure causes stress in fish, and its implementation is rather troublesome;
  • the area of ​​the water surface is small due to the narrowing of the capacity upwards. This leads to a decrease in the amount of oxygen dissolved in water and the appearance of oxygen starvation in fish;
  • small volume and lack of space for the heater leads to a significant fluctuation of temperatures, and this in turn causes stress in the fish;
  • the size of the vessel does not allow to put in it plants and shelters for fish, which would allow them to feel safe;
  • also, a small volume makes it impossible to place in the tank more than three small fish that would not be comfortable in such conditions;
  • because of the curved walls, the free movement of the fish will be impossible. And because of the refraction of light and shadows in them, there will be an illusion of constant extraneous movement outside the vessel, which will also become an additional reason for stress.
  • Due to these factors and many other stresses, the immunity can be significantly reduced, diseases can occur and even the death of fish that will be placed in a small aquarium. After all, a vessel containing less than fifteen liters is absolutely not suitable for the maintenance of living beings. And such a goldfish common among lovers needs a minimum of fifty liters of water. Some countries, including Austria and Germany, have banned the use of round aquariums, and the fact of keeping fish in them may fall under the article KK “Cruel treatment of animals”.
  • Therefore, before you buy a round-shaped aquarium, you should think twice. After all, few people will want to deliberately torture the unfortunate fish in a tiny vase. Yes, and the very content of this punishment cell clean every day will require a serious investment of effort and time. So it would be wiser to save more money and get a good rectangular copy with a volume of at least 160 liters. In this vessel, in addition to fish, you can place beautiful underwater plants, various decorations and equipment necessary for the maintenance of aquatic inhabitants.

Decor

The specific shape and small volume do not allow creating thematic landscapes with large-scale decoration in the form of fragments of a ship or ruins of a castle. However, when designing a round aquarium, you can use other design techniques. For example, among the stones you can place a miniature model of a chest from a pirate ship.

Or lay out a few fragments of ethnic pottery. The main principle on which the decor of the aquarium space of this form is based is minimalism. Otherwise, for all the elements you will not be able to see the underwater inhabitants.

The cover for a round aquarium performs several functions: it prevents fish from jumping out, getting into non-typical objects, protects animals from children and cats, and also serves as a place for mounting the backlight. Therefore, it is better to purchase an aquarium immediately with a lid than to search for the desired model. The cover for a round aquarium can be purchased only in specialized stores. It is more difficult to find a cover only for a semicircular aquarium.

Who can be placed in a round aquarium

The content of most species of fish in such a capacity will have to be abandoned: sensitive fish will quickly die from stress, large (goldfish, cichlids) and fast-swimming (barbs, tandems, neons) will not have enough space here, and bottom (baty, catfish) will not have a bottom area because the lower part of the round aquarium is very narrow.

Cockerel fighting fish and small viviparous fish - guppies, mollies, petilia can live in a glass ball. Their life will not be comfortable, but due to their simplicity and resistance to stress, they adapt to the spherical capacity. Shrimps, snails and small water plants feel quite well in round aquariums.

How to equip a round aquarium

To improve the quality of life of aquatic inhabitants in a round aquarium, it is worthwhile to install special equipment - miniature submersible filters that can be placed on the bottom, or cascade mounted, mounted on the edge of the tank, lamps on clothes pegs and heaters in the form of carpets.

There is a more convenient option. You can buy a complete round aquarium with built-in equipment (better known companies). Such aquariums already have a solid support, convenient lighting, a well-thought out filtration and aeration system, as well as instructions for starting and operating the aquarium.

Plants in the round aquarium

As for plants, it is better to choose live in a round aquarium, since in the absence of equipment they will be a source of oxygen. For example, many fish, including molines will die without living algae.

Artificial plants have their advantages: they do not need special care, so they stay beautiful longer; it is easier to lay eggs on them when spawning. Therefore, a pair of artificial branches in a round aquarium does not hurt.

Here are the plants that can be purchased for a round aquarium: elodey, piste, cryptocoryn, nyas, rovolnik, valisneriya spiral.

The third step in the "settling" of a round aquarium is its design. Equipment for the aquarium as much as possible to hide the plants.

Pebbles also need to pick wisely. It must be remembered that in the round aquarium all the details look more convex. Therefore, any, even the smallest defect will immediately be noticeable.

In specialized stores you can buy a special color primer. If your aquarium is large, you can put a snag or artificial house on the bottom.

FISHING

In a round container, light is refracted peculiar. According to the widespread opinion among aquarists, not all fish are able to survive in such conditions. Firstly, living beings may experience stress due to distortions of the surrounding reality, and secondly, it shortens the lifespan for nerve fish. Although the main limiter is the amount of space. Fish for a round aquarium fit only small size.

Be sure to put here a little catfish, so that it clears the glass from green scurf. Neons, males, and lilies will feel great in the water. Small-sized goldfish grow badly and often get sick. The number of small fish should be maintained at the same level.

Before you run neons here, you must make calculations: the number is determined by the volume of the aquarium. Overpopulation will immediately affect the health of the fish and the general appearance of the artificial reservoir. The power of equipment for the aquarium is selected in accordance with the requests of a particular group of fish. It is better if the fish for a round aquarium will be bright, visible. For example, some species of guppy.

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Residents for a small aquarium

And so, you read my article on the launch of a nano-aquarium, or you just wanted to start your own little water world for a long time and now you are thinking about who to settle there.

Quite a lot of options)

All the inhabitants of the underwater world can be divided into vertebrates, invertebrates and mollusks.

Vertebrates include various types of fish. To invertebrates - shrimp, crabs and crayfish. To mollusks - snails.

You can choose one of these kingdoms (for example, make a shrimp maker), or you can combine two or even all three.

The traditional is an aquarium populated by fish. Only here you cannot plant everybody in a small aquarium; you will have to choose small schooling fish or one or two medium ones.

Possible options for settling the FISH Aquarium:

1. Petushki:

Very famous and common fish. Males are very beautiful, have luxurious fan fins. Females are less elegant, but also very brightly colored. Breeders are constantly working on breeding new colors of males.

They are satisfied with small amounts of water (but, you see, keeping the fish in an aquarium of less than 5 liters is both cruel and ugly). Water temperature - ideally 26 degrees. The cockerel breathes atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface. Therefore, care must be taken that the air in the room is not too cool. You can cover the aquarium cover, but leave a few inches from the surface of the water.

Male males are very pugnacious, so it’s best to keep them alone or in families (1 male and 3-4 females).

The body length of an adult cockerel is about 6 cm.



2. Neons

Also known Russian fish. Neons prefer to live in flocks, so it is better to settle them in groups of 5 individuals.

The water temperature is 22-25 degrees (ideally); at higher temperatures, the lifetimes of these fish are reduced. In principle, neons are unpretentious, like soft water and an abundance of plants. Prone to obesity, so they should be fed very moderately.

Adult neon can reach a length of 4 cm.

3. Danio rerio:

As a rule, these small fish are always recommended for beginners. Moving, fun and unpretentious danios feel best in flocks. They can live in the temperature range of 15-30 degrees and be content with 1 liter of water per 1 fish (that is, even in a five-liter aquarium, you can run a group of 5 zebrafish). Easily spawn in an aquarium.

There are several color forms of this fish.

Body length up to 5 cm (but more often 3-4).


4. Guppy:

Probably, it is from this fish that aquarism begins for most people. It was the guppies living in three-liter banks that became frequent inhabitants of Soviet (and then Russian) apartments. They are loved by millions for their unpretentiousness (they can live even in the most extreme conditions), beauty (thanks to the many unique colors, everyone can find "the fish of their dreams" =)) and fertility (you can buy only one female, and in a month she will give birth to you 20 fry).

Viviparous guppies, i.e. they do not spawn, but give birth to live fry. They eat absolutely everything. Water temperatures are undemanding.

At first, I really liked them, but now they multiplied uncontrollably. It even annoys me that every week I find at least 20 newborn fry in the aquarium.

The males are guppies slender, with a bright body and a luxurious tail. Samochki larger, thicker, gray and inconspicuous. But there are quite beautiful purebred females.

Breeders are constantly working on new breeds of guppy.

Dimensions: male - 3-4 cm, female - up to 6 cm.

(last 2 pics are female)




5. Guppy Endler:

In fact, the same guppy. But Endler's guppy is a wild form that breeders did not manage to work on. Such fish are found in Venezuela. easily interbreed with simple guppies and produce very cute hybrids)

Endler's guppies are smaller than ordinary guppies: males reach 2-3 cm in length. Look great in small aquariums with a dark background!



6. Corridor:

The so-called "speckled catfish". In fact, the corridors are very many species, just speckled - the most famous of them.

The corridors love the company, buy at once 3-5 individuals. These harmless catfish do not exceed 5 cm in length, some species (such as the corridor panda) do not grow more than 3 cm at all.

Unpretentious, can live without aeration. The soil should be without sharp stones so that the fish do not hurt their delicate antennae. The optimum temperature of the content - 24-26 degrees.

Water volume: at least 3-5 liters for 1 fish.

7. Corridor Pygmy:

View corridors, which is worth to say separately.

Pygmies are small schooling fishes, seemingly gray and inconspicuous, but very cute and interesting in behavior. They feel good only in a flock, they like clean, oxygenated water.

Unlike other corridors, they do not sit only in the bottom layer of water, but prefer to “flit” all over the aquarium, like a flock of birds.

8. Cardinal:

Prefers neutral water, rather cool (18-21 °). For 1 fish requires 3 liters of water. Small fishes, 3-4 cm, quite mobile. They love the abundance of plants, omnivores.

9. Micro disassembly:

An ideal fish for a nano-aquarium. Body length rarely exceeds 2 cm. Water temperature is 22-28 degrees, unpretentious to the composition of water, 1 fish requires less than 1 liter of water. Unfortunately, micro-assemblies are now rarely available, aquarists have been waiting for these fish to be delivered to stores for months.

10. Norman Blue-Eye:

Cute schooling fish that grow up to 3-4 cm. Their eyes glow brightly with neon light, which gives the aquarium a kind of dynamics and charm.

Peaceful schooling fish, water temperature 20-25 degrees. I live at a higher temperature, very active and playful.

And so, we looked at fish that would be happy even in a small aquarium of 10-30 liters.

Approximate settlement options:

10 liter aquarium:

ONLY ONE OF THE PROPOSED OPTIONS!

• 1 cockerel;

• 5-7 guppies;

• 5 neons;

• 5-7 guppies Endler;

• 10-13 microassembly;

• 5 Norman blue-eyed;

• 3-4 cardinal;

• 5-10 Danio-rerio;

• 7 micro-collecting + 5 danio-rerio;

• 3 Endler guppies + 5 danios-rerio;

• 3 neons + 3 guppies.

20-liter aquarium:

• Family of cockerels (1 male and 3 females);

• 1 cock + 3 corridors;

• 10-15 guppies or Endler's guppies;

• 15-20 Danio-rerio;

• 10-13 neons;

• 10-15 Norman blue-eyed;

• 7 cardinals;

• 20-30 microassembly;

• 7 pygmy corridors;

• 5 guppies + 5 neons;

• 15 Danio-rerio + 15 microassembly;

• 10 guppies + 3 corridors;

• 7 neons + 3 corridors.

30-liter aquarium:

Here the possibilities are even greater) For example, such fish may be settled, which I did not tell about here. A pair of macropods, a couple of honey gouras, a pair of pelvicahromis or apistograms.

The remaining combinations - we look at 10 liters and multiply the number of fish by 3.

Naturally, it is better to run less fish than planned. Overpopulation is very dangerous for such small volumes. In any case, filtration, aeration and a weekly water change of 20-30% should be provided.

Nowadays, shrimpers are coming into fashion - aquariums populated with freshwater prawns.

Shrimps are unpretentious, cute and very interesting.

Aquarium SHRIMPS:

1. Cherry shrimp (cherry):

Small (up to 3 cm) red shrimp. Extremely unpretentious. It breeds well in an aquarium.

2. Amano shrimp (Japanese pond):

More than a cherry (up to 6 cm). Gray, perfectly fights with algal fouling. In an aquarium where shrimps live, the plants are always clean and well maintained.

In captivity do not breed.

3. Shrimp Crystal:

Small (2 cm), expensive, rather demanding to water, but very beautiful shrimp.

4. Shrimp Cardinal:

Very beautiful and very rare shrimp. Considered difficult to maintain.

5. Yellow shrimp:

Unpretentious small shrimp bright yellow. If it is undernourished, it can begin to spoil the plants.

If you want to keep only shrimp (without fish), then you can plant a rather large flock in a small volume. For example, 20-25 shrimp-cherries will feel great in 10 liters.

Shrimps do not touch the fish, but some fish are not averse to eat shrimp. Therefore, the ideal neighbors for shrimp will be small fish, such as the Endler guppies, microassemblies, neons, corridors and Norman blue-eyes.

The calculation is approximately as follows:

20 liters: 10 shrimp-cherries + 5-7 guppy Endler (or other small fish).

Shellfish in an aquarium:

Some snails are also quite cute and even useful. They will be excellent neighbors for your fish or shrimp.

1. Helena:

A cute striped snail that feeds on ... other snails. It helps to get rid of the invasion of pond snails and coils that spoil the plants. For lack of "live food" eats the remnants of fish food. It breeds well in an aquarium.

2. Neretina:

Beautiful and useful snail. Helps to clear a raid from walls and plants. It lays caviar, but the whites do not appear in fresh water.

3. Ampularia:

The most favorite snail, very often found in aquariums.

Unfortunately, some types of ampoulyaries spoil the plants. And there is a lot of dirt from them.

RESULTS:

I tried to introduce you to creatures that will feel great in a small (10-30 l) aquarium. Aquarium with small, nimble fish or business-like shrimps will greatly decorate your apartment or office. With proper and timely care, he will long please you.

About how to run an aquarium, I wrote in the article "The underwater world on your desk."

I repeat once again simple rules that will help you to always keep your aquarium in good condition:

1. DO NOT HURRY! The launch of the aquarium should last at least 2 weeks (from the water up to the launch of the fish).

2. Down with artificiality! Plants, soil and decorations in the aquarium should be NATURAL. No plastic!

3. The filter should work around the clock !.

4. Water changes should be done once a week, at 20-30%. Never change all the water at once! Never wash the scenery with chemistry!

5. Feed the fish a little! One day a week - unloading.

6. If after you install the filter, there was a dregs - do not rush to change the water! All is well, the appearance of turbidity suggests that a balance has begun to be established. After a couple of days the water will be clean.

7. Do not overdo it with fish! Less is more.

8. Remember: an aquarium is a complex biological system. Do not climb there once again with your hands, do not make chemistry or other drugs.

9. Fish - also alive. And you are responsible for her life.

________________

There is nothing difficult in aquarism.Learn to be patient, do not neglect the advice, do not forget to devote half an hour to your underwater world - and he will thank you. Coming home, you will enjoy the lush green plants and frolicking fish.

Successes to all who decided to start an aquarium!

Next time I will try to tell you something else interesting from the world of aquarism)

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