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Ichthyophthyriosis, how to treat semolina in aquarium fish



Ichtyophysiosis fish
How to treat semolina in aquarium fish?

Ichthyophthiriosis is an infectious disease of fish caused by the attack of an equally effective infusorian ichthyophthyrus.

The disease is manifested by the appearance on the body of a small fish of small tubercles up to 1 mm in size. The number of bumps is growing every day of illness.

This disease is also called - semolina, as the aquarium fish, as if sprinkled with semolina. Some novice aquarists call these hillocks: dots, bubbles, specks. However, these are the bumps - the place from where the ciliate parasites come out. Read more about the life cycle of the parasite on our forum - HERE.

Immediate treatment is necessary, otherwise the ciliates will deplete the fish and it will die.


photo Ichthyophthyriosis semolina Goldfish - Voilehvost

For a crushing victory and successful treatment of ichthyophtiriosis, two things need to be known:

1. The life cycle of the infusoria parasite.

I will not bore you with a thorough description of the life of ciliates:) .... I can only say that when a parasite gets into the body of a fish, it leaves it in 1-2 weeks (forming a hillock - semolina). Falling to the bottom is fastened and breeds into thousands of larvae, which are beginning to look for a new prey.

2. Given the knowledge of the life of the parasite. We must make his life cycle unbearable.

And it is very easy to do ...
INCREASE THE TEMPERATURE OF AQUARIUM WATER AT 2-4 DEGREES (optimally 30-32 degrees). + ALWAYS INCREASE THE INTENSITY OF AERATION.What gives rise to the temperature of the aquarium water?
First, the life cycle of the parasite is accelerated, which means that it "goes" and dies faster. And second, as the temperature increases, the immune system of the fish itself is activated, which allows it to more effectively fight the disease with its own resources.

In the initial stages of ichthyophthiriosis, a temperature increase may be sufficient ... after a couple of days, the enemy is defeated. But, for greater confidence in the aquarium water, you need to add a dose (see on the package) of tripaflavin or bicillin-5 (the old-time method). You can use more modern treatments for semolina, for example:

TetraMedica Contralck - Contractal (best, recommended).

Sera Costapur - Kostapur (analogue of TM Seru).

TetraMedica GoldOomed - (from ichthyophthiriosis, especially for Goldfish, universally).

These drugs do an excellent job.

However, one should always remember about "secondary infections" - that is, about the diseases that follow the main infection. Additionally, it is recommended to use other drugs leveling secondary diseases (fungal or bacterial infections).

For example, the Sera Brand, recommends using Sera ectopur (ectopur) together with Sera Costapur to prevent and combat fungus and ectoparasites. Methylene blue can also be used as a preparation for a secondary infection.

On the line of aquarium preparations, read the article: TETRA MEDICATIONS AND AIR CONDITIONERS
ALL DRUGS AND AIR CONDITIONERS "SERA"
ALL MEDICATIONS OF THE FIRM "ZOOMIR"

In the future, I recommend to be more attentive to pets! Because parasite infusoria, often falls into the water and develops due to: low temperatures, stress of fish, mud, is brought from unchecked sources, without quarantine of new fish, etc.

P.S. Ichthyophthyroidism of fish is very similar to oodinimosis, which is also caused by infusoria, but the other is caused by flagellates. With this infection, the body of the fish is covered with monkey sand and has greyish, tiny nodules. Which, in the neglected case, form a solid gray cover. The fish is exfoliated skin. Oodinium disease is actually treated in the same way as ichthyophthyrosis. Specialist. drug for oodiniumosis - Sera oodinopur. Proportions and dosage of therapeutic agents, see. AQUA MEDICINE.

Treatment of ichthyophthirius fish, the position of ichthyopathologist

Ichthyophthyrius, semolina, white dots disease, ichik ... Who is he? Let's take a closer look:

Here he is, the hero of today's story.

My dream to sleep today is not destined to come true. In the morning early phone call:
- Ver, in your first aquarium, the chilli were covered with white dots, what to do? - I tear my eyes, trying to pretend that I have not slept:
- A lot of points?
- Well, about 30-40 pieces, all tails are in points, especially in the red ones ...
- Where were you when there were 1-2 points there? - at least do not go away for the weekend - well, pour Kostapur and Mykopur, and I will come the day after tomorrow - I will look.

I put the phone down and here I understand that the patsilias have only been treated for bacteriology, and their water is salty, salt is a tablespoon per 10 liters of water. But even 20 years ago, salt was one of the main ways to treat ichthyophthiriosis.

The day after tomorrow it only got worse, disk squares were covered in dots, like a carpet. The already classic scheme in my practice - Sera Costapur (in full dose every other day) + Sera mycopur (in half dose, daily) - again failed. Made a substitution, filled Sera Costapur + furazolidone at the rate of 1 tablet 50 mg per 15 liters of water. Furazolidone is a nitrofuran preparation, most bacteria and protozoa are sensitive to it. A good tool, but I use it only in extreme cases, it ruins the microflora of the aquarium and for two weeks the water becomes color, I'm sorry, urine, it looks extremely unpresentable in the sales counter.

Two days have passed. The result is zero. It gets worse again. Disk platies began to fall on the bottom, on the body there is no living space. I understand that to continue to treat with furazolidone is also useless. I do a massive substitution again. It remains the last resort - copper. I take a penny drug "Formed", pour. A day later, the points were clearly less, the fish went on the mend. Copper is a powerful tool, but not the best option for a home aquarium. It is destructive for invertebrates (snails, shrimps, etc.), algae, beneficial aquarium microflora, and with minimal overdoses also for fish and plants.

This is already recovering fish, yesterday there were twice as many points, but even now it’s not a fact that it will survive.

This is how diseases evolve with progress in pharmacology. I often hear from my colleagues:
- "Manka"? So I raise the temperature and pour a little blue.
- And how does it help?
- Well, yes ... There were, however, cases when the whole aquarium died and nothing helped ...

We once had a supplier who claimed that if you always keep fish at 30 ° C, it will never get ichthyophthirius. However, as practice has shown - at such temperatures the fish loses weight due to the acceleration of metabolism, but continues to hurt. Not so long ago the discus was sick, whose temperature was always 30-31 ° C.

Do not believe in fairy tales that ichthyophthirius can be brought only with new fish and live food. Under adverse conditions, cysts fall asleep and are able to remain in a viable state for a long time. They remain in the ground, on the body of the fish. There is evidence that live ichthyophthirius cysts were found even in tap water! Just accept as given - in your tank it is always there. What to do?

First: the best treatment is prevention. In our case - control of the most important parameters of water, proper feeding, observance of conditions of keeping (schooling fish are kept in flocks, everyone has enough volume and shelters), all this is prevention of stressful phenomena, and stress is a decrease in immunity and a direct path to diseases.

Second: daily inspection. In most cases, 1-2 points, found in time, are treated very easily. Then, as a neglected disease is almost incurable.
Third: buying a new fish. Carefully watch what you are buying. Ideally, find out when the delivery is in the store, look at what has arrived at the store, and then come up after 4-5 days, the fish will acclimatize by this time and if you are infected with ichthyophthyriosis due to transportation stress, you will see it. Examine each fish, also pay attention to the condition of the aquarium (poor conditions are stressful, see item 1), and the presence of drugs in the water.

Fourth: choice of treatment. If, nevertheless, one day the disease visits your aquarium (as practice shows — sooner or later every aquarist faces this problem), you need to choose the right treatment.

1. If you saw 2-3 points, they are obvious, large (about 0.5-1 mm). You can raise the temperature by 2-3 degrees. Salt water at the rate of 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water. Salt is dissolved in a jar; all salt at once cannot be poured into water, in 3-4 doses with an interval of 15 minutes. Remember that not all fish can be salted. Most soms do not tolerate salt, and Sumatran and mossy barbs do not like it either. Do not salt the aquariums with plants. Strengthen aeration. Malachite green (“Malachite green”, “Ichthyophore”, Zoomir company, SeraCostapur according to the instructions). Before making the drug - the substitution of 30-50% water (with the introduction of salt to the initial concentration). Cleaning the aquarium before making dyes (whether it is malachite green, methylene blue, acriflavin or anything else) is required! With an excess of organic dyes quickly inactivated. Malachite green is applied once every two days in a full dose.

2. If you see a lot of very small, barely noticeable points (and in general if the disease is already running) - do not raise the temperature, tropical forms of ichthyophthirius are activated at a temperature of 30-32 ° C, raising the temperature you will kill the fish.

3. Treatment with short-term baths is ineffective, since the parasite is under the epithelium and the medicine cannot reach it. The main impact is on strollers, and they freely swim around the aquarium.

4. I have already said that one of the best remedies for ichthyophthiriasis is malachite green, I personally use a drug based on it - Sera Costapur. It works much better in combination with Sera mycopur (in half dosage). Checked - Sera Costapur does not kill plants and invertebrates, used in herbalists and shrimp. But lately, malachite green is getting worse and worse.

5. An even stronger combination (available to the general public) is Sera Costapur (according to the instructions every other day) + furazolidone (1 tablet per 15 liters of water). Furazolidone kills not only ichthyophthirius, but also plants and useful flora.

6. Preparations of copper, has repeatedly come across - they help even when nothing helps. Copper is extremely toxic to invertebrates, the slightest overdose can kill fish. I use Zoomirovsky “Formed”, purely empirically - it poisons fish less than pure copper sulphate (it can withstand even capricious and treated-over-fished fish), but it works no worse.

Vera Dudina
Veterinarian, ichthyopathologist
Moscow

fanfishka.ru

"Manka" (ichthyophthyriosis) in aquarium fish. Cure for "semolina" in fish

Today we want to talk about the cure for "decoy" in fish. In fact, this disease is very common, almost every aquarist risks sooner or later to get acquainted with him and his unpleasant consequences. In scientific terms it is called ichthyophthyriosis. Absolutely all fish without exception are subject to this disease. Therefore, whether you take ordinary guppies or expensive exotic beauties, as a result, you may need the skilled help of a competent specialist.

Causes of disease

In fact, there is a cure for "decoy" in fish, but before we analyze the main components of preparations intended for aquarium fish, I would like to tell you how the infection occurs. No one is immune from this, ichthyophthyriosis can be brought in with the ground and live food, fresh water, which we regularly add to the aquarium. Therefore, the cure for "semolina" in fish should always be in your home first aid kit. Then you will not lose a lot of time at the initial stage and you will be able to save your little underwater world.

The source of infection can be fish bought at a pet store. There is no malicious intent in this; on the contrary, sellers are very careful in order to keep their live goods healthy. However, the stress experienced during transportation and placement in a new aquarium makes itself felt. Immunity weakens, and suddenly the fish begins to sprinkle with white spots. This once again confirms that the causative agent of the disease is already present in every aquarium, just not all conditions are suitable for its normal life activity. Therefore, any new fish must first be identified in the pit for acclimatization and only then transplanted into a common house. As for snails, they can also be carriers, that is, the quarantine rules apply to them fully. Plants and soil should be thoroughly washed and disinfected. Very well, if you pre-hold them in a solution of a disinfectant. Therefore, the cure for "decoy" in fish should also be used as a prophylactic agent.

Recognize symptoms

Usually the first symptoms of the disease are not very pronounced. The inhabitants of the aquarium continue to swim merrily and actively feed, but several dots or specks appear on their bodies. Immediately you need to figure out whether this disease is "semolina" in fish. Treatment may be completely different if it comes to other bacterial or fungal infections. That is why you need to understand well what illness you are dealing with. This may be ringworm, which is also characterized by white dots on the surface of the body. However, they gradually turn into a fluffy bloom. Another formidable disease, lepidortosis, may also outwardly resemble. You can observe how pustules filled with fluid form on the skin. Lymphocytosis manifests itself as small white nodules or plates that gradually grow. Many other diseases also cause white spots on the skin, so you may need the help of a seasoned aquarist to make the right conclusion.

We begin treatment

The process should be done at a time when several first hillocks resembling semolina, or even a bit smaller, appeared on the fish. Moreover, if on the body of the fish their number has reached ten or more, then it will be much more difficult to cure a pet, if at all possible. It should be borne in mind that resistance to different drugs, as well as the life cycle itself may be different for different ichthyophthirius. Yes, this is really a huge family, and each of its representatives can cause big trouble in your aquarium.

The ciliates characteristic of our latitudes are the most "peaceful". They multiply slowly enough and die even from simply raising the water temperature to 32 degrees. Easily destroyed by almost any drug. The second type is imported from South America. These are the same gentle representatives of the simplest, who often come to us along with the beauties of cichlids. It is liquidated very easily with the help of specialized preparations, but it is no longer afraid of raising the temperature of the water. The third type is imported with freshwater fish from Southeast Asia. Parasites of this species are much larger and more dangerous than all previous ones. Salting water, "Furatsilin", "Bitsillin-5" - all this is absolutely useless means in the fight against them. Finally, the fourth form is also of Asian origin, but is more common in fish living in brackish waters. That is why we can meet sometimes conflicting information. Some argue that the disease is easy to cure by raising the temperature of the water, others advise the use of extremely strong drugs.

Malachite Green

So, let's consider the first remedy, with the help of which even today the semolina disease in fish is often cured. Treatment is safe enough, and therefore earned the trust of aquarists for many years. This is an organic dye, it does not violate the biological filtration of water, it can be added immediately to a common house for fish. Dye practically does not harm plants. The optimal concentration is 0.09 mg / l. At the same time keep in mind that for some fish, this concentration is too high. These are shark catfish and labo, botsi, for them the concentration should not be more than 0.04 mg / l. However, in this case, the effectiveness of treatment drops sharply. Judging by the observations of aquarists, even very sensitive fish normally tolerate a concentration of 0.06 mg / l. "Manka" - fish disease is fairly easy in terms of diagnosis and treatment, it can be seen with the naked eye, and every novice can inject drugs into the water.

So, malachite green is added to water every day. This should be done until the signs of the disease disappear. After that, it is enough to extend the therapy for another two days. Before making malachite greens, it is necessary to replace 25% of the water, and if you add 5 drops of iodine per 100 liters to it, the effectiveness of treatment will increase by several times. It is necessary to maintain the water temperature at least 26 degrees and disable the filtering. After the course of treatment, it is necessary to completely change the water, rinse out the soil, although experienced aquarists advise simply to plant the fish for another period of treatment in another tank, and in the main aquarium raise the temperature to 32 degrees. So ciliates quickly come out of the larvae and, not finding a fish for themselves, will die. As you can see, "semolina" is a fish disease that can be cured quite easily, you just need to carefully examine the inhabitants of the aquarium every day.

"Антипар" - лекарство от "манки"

На сегодняшний день это самое действенное средство против самых различных заболеваний, с которыми вы можете познакомиться, если у вас дома появится аквариум. Препарат обладает противопаразитарным, антибактериальным и антигрибковым действием. Его применяют для эффективного излечения рыб от ихтиофтириоза, вторичных бактериальных инфекций, а также множества других недугов. Основные действующие вещества - это малахитовый зеленый и формалин. That is why the liquid has a peculiar smell and blue-green color.

Features of the drug

This remedy for "semolina" in fish is sold in the form of a liquid solution. Its action is based on the fact that fungi and bacteria, as well as helminths and protozoa parasitic on fish, die, since the main active ingredients of the preparation completely violate their metabolism. In this case, the drug accelerates the healing of lesions on the skin. It is a moderately hazardous substance that is low toxic to fish. At the same time use different types of treatment. For prevention, you can use a short, three-hour bath, while the ratio of water and drug - 1 ml per 10 liters. The same method is used for treatment, but now not once, but at least twice with an interval of one day.

Duration of therapy and reviews

Surely you are interested in how many "semolina" is treated in fish. It depends on the species that has been infected, as well as on the stage at which the disease is now. Long-term baths may be necessary if the inhabitants of your aquarium are too sensitive to the drug and cannot withstand high concentrations. In this case, add 1 ml per 50 liters of water. The duration of treatment can be from 3 to 8 days. This is the best cure for "semolina" today, while it is very affordable.

Sera Costapur

German drug used by a large number of professional aquarists. It is distinguished by a small consumption, the packaging of 50 ml is designed for 800 liters of water. In this case, the cost is only 400 rubles. This medicine for "semolina" in fish is different in that it is well tolerated by any underwater inhabitants. The composition of malachite green and formaldehyde solution, as well as distilled water. The tool can be used to quarantine new fish. In this case, you need to add 3-4 drops to 25 liters of water and release newcomers for a few days. The drug is used for all freshwater fish, but algae and invertebrates often do not tolerate it. At the first signs of the disease you need to add 1 ml of the drug for every 40 liters of water. On the third day, the procedure must be repeated. In the most severe cases, treatment can be repeated on days 5 and 7. During treatment, you need to turn off the water filtration and strengthen the aeration.

Tetra ContraIck plus

This is another well-known among professional aquarists medicine for fish from "semolina". "Tetra" is a combined tool that is intended for the treatment of aquarium fish from various diseases, including ichthyophthyriosis. The drug not only kills all parasites, but also effectively cleans the aquarium, while not violating the natural balance. Remarkably, the treatment does not take much time. Within four days you will see a significant improvement, and then a full recovery. As this happens, the habitat in the aquarium will be restored. During treatment, aeration is required and filtering is completely disabled. Lighting can be any, it will not affect the efficiency.

If you are a novice aquarist, then the easiest way to start treatment is with this drug. It is not only highly efficient, but is also considered safe enough for the entire underwater world. With the right dosages, the drug will help to save all the inhabitants, even the weakest fry.

Drug "Delagil"

We continue to consider preparations from "semolina". And next in line we will have "Delagil". It is sold in a conventional pharmacy and has several advantages over specialized drugs. First of all, it should be noted that it is tolerated very well by fish. Even the most sensitive to chemotherapy neons tolerate it quite easily. The effectiveness of this drug does not affect the hardness of water, it is destroyed very slowly, and it can be made in any light. In this case, the drug does not violate the biobalance, and before re-introducing it, water replacement is not required. Pills from the "semolina" in fish often do not cause side effects. There are also disadvantages; in the treatment of this drug in fish, fins may begin to collapse, and the appetite will decrease, even to the point of abandoning food. But as soon as the usual environment is restored, everything will return to normal.

If you started treatment with the appearance of the first points on the body of the fish, then a single injection of the drug and a change of water after two days will suffice. If the disease has progressed, it will take two drug injections over four days. Dosage - 1 tablet per 40 liters of water.

Drug "Iodinol"

It is also purchased in a regular pharmacy. The drug is auxiliary and may well act as a medicine for fish from the "semolina" in its initial stages. It stimulates the immunity of underwater inhabitants and compensates for iodine deficiency in water. In addition, it has a slight antiseptic effect. This drug has a positive effect on the entire water area, improves the condition of the plants due to the potassium contained in it. Very useful during spawning, eggs will be less susceptible to fungus.

Preparations from our first-aid kit

Some aquarists do not specifically buy fish for decoys, but use what they already have at hand. These are antibiotics and some other drugs. In the first place is the drug "Furazolidone". It is used in proportion 1 tablet per 10 liters of water. It is an antimicrobial drug that can help in the fight against infusoria. Treatment should continue until symptoms disappear.

Very often, the antibiotic of the penicillium series called "Bicillin-5" is used to solve this problem. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that frees fishes from pathogens and provides healing. However, in this case, the larvae, which at the time of treatment lie on the bottom, will remain alive, which means that in a short time you can expect a new outbreak of the disease. It should be borne in mind that any antibiotic greatly reduces the immune system. That is, this tool should be used only if it is not possible to get a more effective drug.

Salt baths and rising water temperature

The oldest methods of dealing with this disease. In fact, there is no guarantee that they will help, but if you notice the first signs of a developing disease and do not value your pets too much, or, conversely, there are too valuable fish in your tank that are also very sensitive to chemotherapy, then You can try to save them in this way. First of all, the water temperature must be raised to 30 degrees. At the same time, fish can be quarantined with salt water, especially if you have representatives who do not like too high temperatures. Salt water refers to a concentration of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water. Moreover, if the fish behaves restlessly, rushes about, a third of the water should be removed and replaced with a clean one.

Let's sum up

Drugs with which you can treat "semolina", quite a lot. To choose the one that really suits you, you must take into account the characteristics of your pets and the stage of development of the disease. The earlier the start of treatment, the less effort, duration and intensity it requires. So do not waste your time. Experienced aquarists do not advise resorting to home remedies such as salt or conventional pharmaceutical preparations. They recommend buying professional preparations and using them in strict accordance with the instructions and recommendations of a specialist. In this case, you get an excellent result, that is, a complete cure of fish without tangible consequences for the aquarium. Sometimes, however, you have to risk the life of mollusks, since they do not tolerate most of the preparations from "semolina". However, by leaving them untreated, you give infusoria a chance to breed again in your tank, surviving an unfavorable period under the shell of snails. So drop the invertebrates into quarantine, make the minimum concentration of the solution and keep them there for at least a week. Only then start in the treated aquarium.

Ichthyophthyriosis or semolina in aquarium fish

Ichthyophthyriosis is a disease of aquarium fish that is caused by ciliates of equal-sized ones. The main symptom of this disease is the appearance of small whitish mounds, not exceeding the size of a semolina.

All species are susceptible to this disease, since the parasite multifiliis lives in all waters. The largest amount is observed in the warm waters of countries with moderate climatic conditions. Studies have shown that all types of fish are susceptible to ichthyophthyriosis. Interesting fact, the fish that are sick, they no longer infected. The only obstacle to the reproduction of the parasite is the salinity and acidity of water. If the performance is increased, the risk of semolina is significantly reduced. Unfortunately, the aquarists have not yet managed to give exact data.

The success of treatment will depend on two factors:

  1. Degree of neglect of the disease;
  2. The specific type of ichthyothirius.

As with any disease, early detection of the disease increases the chances of successful treatment. Do not think that you can get rid of this disease very simply. In fact, some species are resistant to drugs and are fatal 5 days after infection.

Ichthyothirius life cycle

At the beginning of the life cycle, ichthyothirius colonize the skin and gills of fish. After that, on the site of their dislocation, dermoid tubercles appear. A large number of bumps are located in a chaotic manner throughout the body of the host. Among aquarists walks not the official name of this disease "semolina".

The most common species I. Multifiliis feeds on the body tissue of the fish. Like any organism, vital processes are accelerated in warm water, which leads to accelerated growth and reproduction. The maximum temperature that the parasite can withstand - 32 degrees. With a high thermometer, it dies within 12 hours.

A grain size of 1 millimeter can be achieved in 3-5 days if the water temperature in the aquarium is around 24-25 degrees. When it reaches that size, it leaves the body of its owner. After that, ichthyothirius settles to the bottom and forms a cyst for reproduction. There the cells begin to actively divide. From one grain can get up to 2000 living organisms. The process of the appearance of daughter cells occurs very quickly (6 hours at 25 degrees). Within two days they try to find a host, if the body does not have time to find a donor, then it dies. Thus, the life cycle of ichthyothirius I. Multifiliis is about 4 days.

In cases of tropical representatives, grains appear on the body of the fish, arranged in groups. They are ways to leave and immediately return to the body of the fish. Tropical ichthyofiriuses are able to reproduce regardless of the presence of the host, which leads to a rapid increase in the number of the parasite. It is important to quickly identify the disease and immediately begin treatment until the parasites have completely captured the body.

If the owner of the aquarium will be able to quickly recognize the disease and begin treatment until there are not many dermoid tubercles on the body of the fish, then the fish can be saved. In the event that there are tens of thousands on the body, this is much more difficult. Even getting rid of parasites is not enough, as bacteria and fungi easily penetrate into the remaining wounds.

Causes of infection:

  • The greatest danger of contracting ichthyophthyriosis in fish that eat live food. If the food is taken from the local water body, then these parasites will not be difficult to withdraw. It’s another thing if ichthyofiruses got into the aquarium together with plants brought from the tropics.
  • A "newcomer" in an aquarium can also bring parasites on his body. Despite careful inspection when buying them can not be noticed. Several individuals of ichtiftirus can hide under the epithelium, in the oral and gill cavities. They are awakened and shown out as a result of falling into a favorable environment or because of the stress suffered by the donor fish.

It is important to closely monitor the behavior of the fish after the new neighbor is hooked up. It is possible to suspect the presence of ichthyphyrus on the body of fish, if:

  • Presses fins;
  • Startle;
  • Stampede;
  • Itch about the ground;
  • Decreased appetite;
  • Become shy.

In order to make sure that there are no parasites, feed a fish from your aquarium into the quarantine aquarium. If after a few days everything is in order, then you can release a newbie to the rest. True, this method may not seem humane.

Treatment of ichthyophthiriosis

Treat semolina can be in different ways. There are traditional, but ineffective methods, for example, raising the temperature to 32 degrees and adding salt to it at the rate of a tablespoon per 10-12 liters of water. This option can only work with local forms, but it does not help at all when infecting tropical species. If you make a mistake with the definition of the habitat of the parasites, then by increasing the temperature you will practically kill the inhabitants of the mini-reservoir. To do this for them is useless. Some species of fish do not tolerate salt water, which also makes a fatty minus in the piggy bank of this method.

Another dubious method is the operative jigging and water change for diseased fish. The principle is not to treat, but to move the fish. You will need at least two otsadnika, a mountain of patience and efficiency. Drain the infected fish in the spit out without additional oxygen supply and add about 20 grams of salt to 1 liter of water. Do not stir it, and try to evenly distribute along the bottom. Thus, the parasites sink to the bottom and die, not having time to breed. It is necessary to change the water at least once in 12 hours. This method is again suitable only for parasites of a temperate climate.

The best way to treat semolina is malachite green. The convenience of the drug is in organic origin without suppressing biofiltration, so it can be used directly in the aquarium. A big plus of malachite green is that it does not harm the aquarium flora. Universal concentration - 0.09 milligram and per liter of water. If fish with no scales live in your tank, then stop at a dosage of 0.04 milligram. The truth in this concentration does not occur due effect. In practice, it is proven that these fish can take out 0.06 milligrams. Make a solution of malachite green until the whole semolina is destroyed, plus two days. Before you treat the fish with a new portion, change about a quarter of the water. After six sessions, change half or ¾ of water.

It is possible to enhance the efficiency of malachite greens by adding 5% iodine. Add to the water at the rate of 5-6 drops per 100 liters. Treat the fish at a temperature of 27 degrees.

Another method of treatment with furazolidone is described. This drug can be found in the pharmacy. It is not expensive, but there is a high risk of poisoning with ammonia or nitrate compounds. For control, you must have special equipment that can track indicators. However, it is not cheap, and spending is not always justified.

You can ease the task and not make a solution, buy special drugs that promise to get rid of ichthyophthyriosis in the shortest possible time. But the pitfalls of this method is to unify the means for all kinds of fish. Therefore, frivolous fish can not withstand such treatment. It is necessary to treat them by making two half the prescribed dose with a difference of 12 hours.

Popular drugs:

  • Sera Omnisan;
  • Sera Omnisan + Mikopur;
  • CapsulesAquarium Pharmaceuticals Super Ick Cure.

Thus, to treat semolina is necessary in the shortest methods available to you. Try to manipulate as quickly as possible, otherwise there will be no one to heal.

The semolina in aquarium fish - treatment

Manca (ichthyophthiriosis) is an infectious disease in aquarium fish that requires treatment. It is characterized by the appearance on the body of small white bumps as a result of the attack on the fish of a ciliary parasite, which can deplete them and lead to death.

Methods of treatment of fish ichthyophthiriosis

Treatment of parasitic decoy with salt in aquarium fish is a folk remedy for the recovery of the inhabitants of the aquarium. The course consists of long-term baths. With long-term treatment, a solution in the ratio of one tablespoon of regular salt to ten liters of water is added to the aquarium. The temperature in the tank gradually needs to be raised to 30 degrees. The universal method allows you to destroy almost all the parasites of freshwater fish. However, you should be aware that catfish and Sumatran barbs do not tolerate salt baths.

An effective treatment for semolina in fish is antipar, which is a combination of formalin, malachite blue and malachite green. It is better to use it in an otsadnik (a separate vessel for treatment), since this method may violate biofiltration.

For the treatment of decoys in fish, you can use delagil. It is sold in pharmacies. The concentration of 1 tablet of the drug per 40 liters of water is normally transferred to both fish and plants. The temperature does not need to increase. Parasites drug kills in the early stages, in cysts. During the first application, it is necessary to change the water by 20%. Если остаются белые точки у рыб через день, то нужно делать подмену воды 30% и добавить еще лекарство в соотношении 1 таблетка на 120 литров.

Лечение манки у рыб можно проводить фурацилином. Компрессор и фильтр можно не выключать. Нужно в 30-40 литрах воды растворить 1 таблетку и добавить в аквариум. Ежедневно менять четверть воды и добавлять лекарство. Лечение проходит безвредно и хорошо для всех обитателей аквариума за 2-3 недели.

При использовании таких препаратов для лечения манки у рыб белые бугорки на коже обитателей будут становиться все меньше и совсем исчезнут. Если добавление препаратов производится прямо в аквариум, то воду нужно ежедневно подменять на четверть. Борьбу с паразитами желательно сопровождать сифонкой грунта.

If the fish were treated in an otsadnik, then disinfection of the aquarium after ichthyophthyriosis is not needed - the parasites die without fish.

Treatment of decoys in affected aquarium fish will be more effective if the disease is noticed in a timely and urgent manner.

How to treat semolina in fish :: if the fish has spilled white grain :: Treatment

How to treat semolina in fish

Ichthyophthyriosis, or semolina, most often affects fish for inexperienced aquarists. After all, it is enough to run one infected individual to the rest of the inhabitants of your aquatic world, without keeping it after the purchase, the allotted time in quarantine, and it is likely that in a few days the ciliates will flood the aquarium. This is manifested by rashes in the form of semolina, fish rub against stones, on the ground, stop eating and die. If time to carry out treatment, they can still be saved.

Question "Animals" - 1 answer

You will need

  • - salt;
  • - drugs against ichthyophthiriosis;
  • - filter with activated carbon.

Instruction

1. To effectively combat decoy, familiarize yourself with the development cycles. Unicellular ciliates (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) is a parasite that has an ovoid body as small as 0.5-1 mm. His life cycle is 12-16 days. Adults, being on plants, soil, aquarium equipment, are covered with a gelatinous shell, creating a cyst. Inside it is divided many times, then the daughter cells ("roving") for three days looking for a victim. In case of contact with the fish, they penetrate the epithelium, create a cavity and parasitize for several days. Then they fall away from the victim, and the cycle repeats. Those ichthyophthiriuses who did not find fish perish.

2. If you have a few fish, then deposit them in a container without algae and soil. Since the parasites are still in their body, then add salt to the water at the rate of 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water. To do this, pour the right amount of salt with a small amount of warm water, wait until it is completely dissolved and pour it into the aquarium. In this procedure, remember that not all types of aquarium fish are well tolerated for a long time in salt water. For example, barbs, some catfish, tetras, labyrinths and others.

3. In salt water, infusorians outside the body of the fish quickly die, but for greater reliability it is better to change the capacity after 12 hours. After another half a day, transplant the fish into another water again. With this method, you can not even add salt or other drugs. Since the parasite in the body of the fish can be only a few days, then gradually, within 5-10 days, the infusoria will all die.

4. After you have planted the fish, in the aquarium, raise the temperature to 32-34 degrees and stand in this mode for a little more than three days. During this time, all the "strollers" will die.

5. You can treat the fish from the semolina and in the aquarium itself, especially if you have it big and it is simply difficult to set aside all its inhabitants. In this case, you can also use salt, but it is better to buy a special tool, for example, Faunomor, Super Ick Cure, Ichthyophore, Malachite Green. Dilute the drug according to the instructions in the package. If repeated processing is required, then spend it.

6. After some drugs, water can be stained, for example, after applying malachite green - in a greenish color. Usually it doesn’t bother the fish; after a course of treatment, lighten the water with an activated carbon filter.

note

It should be remembered that only those parasites that are outside the body of fish perish from drugs.
Sick fish acquire immunity against ichtiftirioza (semolina). But they can be carriers of the parasite, that is, the signs of semolina will not manifest themselves, and the ciliates themselves will long remain on the body and gills of the fish and, under favorable conditions, will cause a new outbreak of the disease.

How to treat "semolina" in fish?

Great Fox

Having tried all the known drugs that are effective against the simplest, they found out that it is most effective for the destruction of the ichthyophthyriosis pathogens FURACILIN.
The undoubted advantages of this method of treatment are: absolutely harmless to fish, to plants and to snails (during treatment there were ampulyarias, reels, catfish in the aquariums, and echinodoruses, cabombs, vallisnerias, larva, riccia from plants). The treatment can be carried out directly in the aquarium, but it is better to set aside the most affected fish to reduce the likelihood of re-infection.
The essence of the method.
Furatsilina tablets diluted at the rate of 1 piece (0.02 g) in 30−40 liters of water, pour into the aquarium. Over the following days, replace ¼ of the water daily. Depending on the degree of damage, the drug can be added 2 or 3 times a day in the same dosage. For about a day, two or three fish continue to scratch themselves on objects, after 3-4 days they begin to eat normally, all signs of the disease disappear. After treatment, you should regularly monitor the fish and repeat the treatment if you suspect a recurrence of the disease.
We managed to fully preserve all the fish, and a month after the treatment, the roosters were able to hatch fry. Most likely, furatsilin will help in the treatment of bacterial infections, such as fin rot, because it is bactericidal, but we did not check.

Stalloni

Based on 400 liters of water:
Furacilin 20 tablets
Nystatin 10 tablets
Metronidazole 10 tablets
On plants and fish do not affect !!!))))
Crush tablets and dissolve in warm water! Then pour into the aquarium!
Raise the temperature to 28-30 degrees in Celsius !! !
The next day, change the water half and add the same portion of drugs !!!))))
During the treatment, disable the filter!
On the third day turn on the filter !! !
Your fish got rid of Ichthyophtirius !!!))))

Olya Pavlov

Hello, my fish appeared semolina, poured antipar 2 ml. on 100l and added 5 tab. Furazalidona and completely darkened the aquarium, while the fish eat perfectly, it took 3 days semolina swept from the fish, on 4 day I wanted to open the aquarium and saw again the appearance of semolina, only more spots than it was before, the fish I have guppies, pezzilia, neon, swordsman , catfish suckers and shrimps, while not a single fish has died, I think to add salt. Am I right? Or maybe try other tools, if so which ones?

How to cure semolina in fish ???

Konstantin Bogdanov

"Malachite green" in any pet store there. Either Antipar, or any imported parasite medication - Sera (Sera Costapur), Tetra (Tetra ContraIk) - all of them are made on the basis of "Malachite Green" and cost 10 times more.
You can trypaflavin or bizellin - but they are not so reliable.
No salt should be added to the aquarium - it does not harm ichthyofthyrus, but the fish may well be harmful. It is not necessary to raise the temperature when semolina, all forms of ichthyophthyrus perfectly maintain the temperature up to 35 degrees, so that kill fish much faster. Provide active water filtration and a rich oxygen supply to the fish, i.e. filtration and aeration to the maximum.
For the period of treatment, remove the carbon cartridges from the filters.
As a rule, the course of treatment is 10 days.
I usually kill a semolina for 5-6 days.
Some fish - vyuny, loricarine catfish - are sensitive to formalin-containing preparations (i.e., to malachite green), then look for imported ones, they act softer.

Paweł

Instruction
You will need:
- malachite green dye,
- medicines for fish,
- disposable syringe,
- salt.
1
If you notice that your fish behave unnaturally, they hang for a long time at the surface of the water, they often move their gills, sluggish in motion, faded spots appear on their scales or skin, they have white ichthyophthyriosis, in common people - semolina. Do not panic, do not pull out the plug of the lamp from the outlet, do not turn on the heater with all its might, do not pour furatsilin into the aquarium with cups and do not pour bicillin into spoons, and also do not use any folk remedies.
2
Aquarium fish, like people, experience physical agony during illness, so the first thing they need to do is get rid of unnecessary stress. Dim the light in the aquarium, try to ensure maximum silence in the room, do not stomp, do not slam the door.
3
Sick fish should not be deposited in another container, all for the same reasons, treat them in the general aquarium. On the first day, coal, zeolites, and peat should be removed from the filter; put a temporary filter with replaceable fine-cleaning cartridges. Replace 25-30% of water with fresh, naturally settled. Increase in the aquarium at the time of treatment aeration.
4
Use only proven drugs such as Super Ick Cure from Aquarium Pharmaceuticals, Faunomor from Aquarium Munster and Sera Costapur to treat fish for ichthyophthyriosis. These preparations do not harm aquarium plants and completely cure the fish. Use Sera Costapur strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions, and other drugs on the first day, on the third and on the fifth day.
5
Before each addition of the drug, replace up to a quarter of the water, raising the overall temperature by 1-2 degrees for the duration of the treatment. On a day, add a pinch of salt, it promotes healing of wounds that sick fish inflict on themselves, trying to itch against grottoes, stones and shells. On the sixth day, replace the water again, return the carbon or other fillers to the filter, and after a couple of days lower the water temperature to normal.
Also, in case of a semolina disease, adding malachite green dye to the water in a proportion of 0.09 mg / l helps with a syringe, and for sensitive to it - 0.06 mg / l. This organic dye does not affect the plants and the beneficial microflora of the aquarium.
Note:
Do not raise the temperature of the water very much, some types of causative agent of semolina from this only develop faster.

Natalia A.

Any brand drug according to the instructions:
Super Ick Cure by Aquarium Pharmaceuticals
Faunomor from Aquarium Munster
Costa by Sera
ContraIck from TetraMedica
General Tonic by TetraMedica
Sera ectopur
Sera protazol

Treatment of decoys in fish

Vera shishigina

Salt aquarium fish treatment is carried out using short-term (from 20 seconds to 20 minutes) and long (up to 10 days) baths. With long-term processing of fish, water is salted right in the aquarium, adhering to the required concentration of 1.5-3 g / l. But it is better to still treat the fish in a separate container with short-term salt baths, since the long-term effect of salt has a negative effect on freshwater fish species, namely, it “cuts” the kidneys. For short-term baths, it is necessary to use a 1.5-3% solution. Salt is widely available, safe and is a universal remedy that destroys almost all parasites of freshwater fish. But "salt" can not all. Somiki salt baths are poorly tolerated, especially corridors and pterigoplichts. The same can be said about the Sumatran barbus and its fellows. Carefully it is necessary to treat young labyrinths without using baths with a salt concentration of more than 1.5%. Short salt baths perfectly help with saprolegniosis, bone disease, chylodonellosis, trichodiniosis, apiosomas, tetrachimenosis, gyrodactylosis, dactylogyrosis. All these diseases are caused by different ectoparasites, with the exception of saprolegniosis. Saprolegniosis - a fungal disease, looks like a white "fluff" on the fins, lips, wounds of fish. With all these diseases, fish itch on the soil, the leaves of plants, whitish mucus appears on their body, the fins are compressed. Sick fish are kept near the surface, near the aerator or in the corners of the aquarium. Having seen these signs, you first need to check all the parameters of the water in the aquarium (ammonia, nitrates and nitrites), as the fish may behave this way because of poor water quality. If the water is normal, then it is necessary to start the treatment of fish. You need to start with a short salt bath. Take two vessels with a capacity of 5-7 liters. If the fish are very large, then the vessels need a larger volume. It is necessary to install in them a device for aeration with a weak air flow, so that the fish do not carry over. In the first tank dissolve the required dose of salt. The main thing in this whole procedure is the correct selection of the amount of salt per liter of water. 5% saline fish can take out only 1-2 minutes and then not all. 1.5-1.8% solution (for 8-10 minutes) carry almost all the fish and it is quite effective (two teaspoons per liter of water). It is possible to buy in it even armored catfish, but for a short time. Watch carefully for the behavior of the fish in the treatment solution. If they have lost coordination of movements or simply lie on their side, interrupt the procedure immediately. The second vessel serves to "rinse" the fish after the bath. In it, the salt concentration should not exceed 4-5 g / l (slightly more than half a teaspoon). The task of the second solution is to "finish off" the parasites remaining on the body of the fish. You can hold the fish in this solution right in the net for a minute. The device for aeration in the second vessel should be slightly more powerful in order to knock the parasites off the fish body over the course of the flow. Procedures will be more effective if the water in both tanks tint with potassium permanganate to a clear pink color. The temperature of the water should be the same in all tanks and, of course, settled for at least 24 hours. For reference: one teaspoon contains 7 g of salt. To prepare, for example, 5% saline solution, 50 g of salt should be diluted in a liter of water.

Artem Zavadsky

Salt do not cure. Unfortunately. (((Try
"Common salt is used in the aquarium world mainly for the treatment of sick fish. With salt, they treat such diseases as chilodonellosis, trichodynosis, tetrachimenosis, oodinimosis, apiosis. At the same time, fish are either made into individual salt baths or they add salt to the aquarium .
When treating fish in the general aquarium, it is better to use rock salt. Salt solution is prepared at the rate of 1-1.5 tsp. Of salt per 10 l. aquarium water. Salt fish treatment is carried out at a water temperature of 27 to 31C. The filter is not disabled. Water is replaced in the usual manner.
For the treatment of fish in separate baths, 1 tablespoon of salt per 10 liters is recommended. aquarium water. To treat the fish in separate baths is a confusion, but it seems to me that this method of treatment is much better tolerated by the fish, since the effect of salt is brief.
!!! Side Effects !!!: salt from the fish "yulozit" - they are spinning, rushing, etc., besides the fish begin to breathe heavily. Therefore, I advise you to carefully carry out such procedures. It is better to make the solution weaker, especially if the treatment is gentle, small or weak fish.
Tip: Do not repot the fish immediately after the salt bath in the general aquarium (this will only harm you). Gradually add clean water, to the state of "slightly salty", and then sit down the animal.
With the treatment of salt figured out ... you can add only that a weak solution of simple salt can also be used for the prevention of diseases of the fish. Especially if there are suspicions that, for example, new fish are contagious. "
// fanfishka.ru/news/pud_soli_v_akvarium/2013-05-30-783

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