Swordtails: reproduction and maintenance. Aquarium fish swordtails
In every home where there is a child, sooner or later, talking about pets begins. The kid asks the parents several times a day for the bird, the dog, the kitten ... He wants to take care of and watch someone, feed the pet, play with him and take him for a walk, show off his new friend to his comrades. But what to do if the apartment is too small for a dog, the papa is allergic to the cat's fur, and the mother simply does not tolerate the piercing sounds made by the parrot?
Great exit - get an aquarium! Hassle with fish at least, and the whole family will receive the aesthetic pleasure to the maximum! In addition, these bright tropical creatures can be admired endlessly. Such contemplation of the home underwater world calms, gives composure and a beneficial effect on the psyche.
Plus, the aquarium will bring a juicy touch to the room's décor, and your child will be looked after by its inhabitants, thus getting used to discipline and responsibility. Moreover, a modern "house" for fish can look like anything! You can easily choose an aquarium so that it harmoniously blends into the overall style of the nursery. Be sure to take the baby with you to the pet store, let him, as an adult, help you choose a tank of the desired shape and size, will find residents for it. In addition to fish, you can buy unhurried snails, a variety of algae, as well as all sorts of paraphernalia - decorative locks and elegantly curled shells. As for the choice of pets themselves, it is better to start with unpretentious species of fish, such as guppies, mollies, danios, barbs, neons ...
For more effeminate scalars, funny shrimps and slow telescopes, if you want, return later. Explain to the child that you first need to learn how to handle simpler fish. Naturally, in any case, it is necessary to consult the seller. He will make sure that predatory and peaceful fish are not in the same “house”; advise food, soil, jewelry, a net; will tell you which compressors, filters and lighting devices are the most convenient to use.
Surely in the list of proposed inhabitants it will be the swordfish fish.
These undemanding small fishes (most often bright red or black in color) with beautiful sharp tails are ideal as the first pets for your kid. Firstly, they do not need special conditions of detention, secondly, they easily get along with other types of fish, and thirdly, they are viviparous. Reproduction of swordtails in an aquarium, it can be said, happens almost by itself. And imagine how much joy the child will have when he sees the first fry that will grow before his eyes!
Reproduction of aquarium fish
So, the choice is made - the swordmen. Their reproduction is a fairly simple process. Fish reach sexual maturity at the age of 6-8 months. The female swordsman is larger, the male is smaller, but only he has the famous long tail in the form of a sword, for which, in fact, this species got its name. Therefore, it is not difficult to distinguish them and understand how many “boys” and “girls” are in the aquarium. It is better to have more females than males. There is one more detail: if there are only two males, they can behave aggressively towards each other and often fight.
Therefore, let him either be alone, or four or more - then their attention is sprayed, and the aquarium swordfish fish will behave much calmer. Consider this nuance when buying them.
Tips for keeping and breeding
To get the offspring, you need to maintain a stable water temperature, make sure that the filter works well, there were areas shaded by algae where the fry can hide. Moreover, it is desirable that the plants were different - and those that are planted in the ground, and those that float on the surface (duckweed, riccia, pistis).
About once a week or as far as evaporation it is necessary to accurately add a certain amount of clean water to the aquarium. Only, God forbid, not from the tap!
At first, it should stand for at least three days, and only then this water can be used. Of course, henceforth the holy duty of the child is to feed the fish in time. Swordtails are eaten mostly with live food, such as bloodworms, pipemaker, daphnia, or cyclops. However, they do not disdain and combined types of food, and pounded oatmeal, and can pinch the algae.
Swordtail aquarium fish will not be lost, even if you decide to leave them for a week, for example, to go on a vacation to the village. They can easily find food at the bottom of the aquarium and its walls, among the pebbles and on the plants. But this does not mean that they can be left to themselves, without looking into the aquarium for 2-3 weeks.
Features of the content of fish
When biological equilibrium is established in the “fish house,” the swordtails get used to each other, their reproduction will take place without outside intervention. One fine day, the child will simply notice that one or even several females noticeably "rounded", became more pot-bellied and sluggish. Explain to him that soon there will be kids in the fish. There will be joy!
Pregnancy lasts about a month and a half, and after this time a whole flock of fry is born. They can be as much as 15-20 pieces, and much more, sometimes the number reaches as much as one hundred. These are fully formed fish, only small and translucent. They independently swim, eat, possess an instinct of self-preservation - they hide in the branches of algae, swim under decorative ornaments. However, if you want to save all the fry, at first they still need to create special conditions. So, a pregnant female shortly before birth is better to be separated from other inhabitants of the underwater world.
A small aquarium or even a regular glass liter jar, washed with baking soda, is suitable for this purpose. There you need to pour part of the separated water and part of the water from the aquarium, plant a couple of plants. It is desirable that the algae were small-leaved and of both types - ground and floating, then it will be easier for newborns to hide in them. Let the child carefully, with a special net, catch the future mother and quickly launch into the prepared temporary shelter.
After the offspring is safely born, the female needs to be returned back to the aquarium, since with its sharp teeth it can destroy unwary fry. It is better to feed newborns with cyclops and daphnia. When the fish in the bank grow up a little, they can be shared with the rest of their relatives.
In fish such as swordtails, reproduction under favorable conditions - a stable water temperature, good lighting, live food - can occur every month. Fry quickly turn into mature individuals. So, already in 3-4 months, the males will acquire a sword tail, and in a couple of months, full-fledged adult swordsmen will swim in the aquarium. Fish breeding will begin on a new one ... However, if pregnant females are not relocated to another tank, the law of nature, such as natural selection, will act, during which not all fry will survive, but only the most nimble and nimble.
Here they are unpretentious, swordfish fish. Reproducing them, as you already understood, practically does not need any correction, and, if you give them free rein, the inhabitants of your underwater world will breed to such an extent that it will be possible to bestow fry on all their acquaintances and relatives. We wish you success in their breeding!
Aquarium Warriors - Swordtails
The Sword-bearer (Latin Xiphophorus hellerii) is a freshwater fish of the Petsilievye family. The first aquarium fish, the swordtail, appeared in the houses of Europeans in the middle of the 19th century. Thanks to endurance, unpretentiousness and simplicity of the maintenance, the swordtail is still popular as a pet.
These fish are from Central America, are found in the waters of Honduras, Mexico and Guatemala. Wild swordtails are characterized by a faded color compared to aquarium rocks. Xiphophorus hellerii can live both in flowing and still water, in places where there is a lot of algae and insects.
Xiphophorus hellerii looks relatively large - the male has a body size of 10-11 cm, the female is larger - 12 cm, the aquarium representatives are slightly smaller. Lifespan in captivity: 3-5 years. The color of the body can be different - wild specimens have shiny olive-yellow scales, males have a long tail. Red, green, yellow, spotted, black - each of these Swordsmen can be found in home aquariums.
Sexual dimorphism is expressed: on the caudal fin of the female there is no long lower ray in the form of a “sword,” the male has it. The male has a coiled anal fin (gonopodia). The female has anal fin rounded and wide. Due to the lack of sex chromosomes, sometimes swordtails can change the sex - females grow the lower tail ray, and care for other females.
Watch a useful video about the contents of the Sword.
The maintenance and care of the swordtail will not give labor to the novice amateur enthusiast. 35-50 liters of water are required for one fish, therefore it is better to settle several fish in a spacious tank. In the same area should be no more than one male, and several females. Males Xiphophorus hellerii have an aggressive disposition, especially in a close aquarium.
Suitable parameters of the aquatic environment, at which the content of fish is possible: temperature: 22-26 ° C, acidity 6.5-7.5 pH, hardness - average from 5 to 15 °. A complete care can provide filtration using an internal filter, the weekly replacement of 20% of water with fresh and clean. Be sure to close the tank cover - the swordtails are very active and bouncy.
For scenery, tall plants with small or wide leaves are suitable: elodea, cryptocoryne, anubias, echinodorus, arrowhead, wallisneria and others. Sand or pebbles are suitable as soil. Install many shelters in the tank so that the females can hide from the aggression of the male.
The content of several male swordtails will create constant competition, so they are incompatible as neighbors. And so the Swordtails get along well with proportionate, peace-loving species of fish. Care for the swordtails in an aquarium can be simple if there are other viviparous species living in it: guppies, petilles, mollies. The content is also allowed with bird species: iris, gourah, minors, ternets, tetras.
Feeding should be varied: give us food live, frozen, dry and vegetable food. In the natural environment, swordtails eat plants and algae, so the fiber content in the diet is an important component of good nutrition. Xiphophorus hellerii eat bloodworm, tubule, koretra, cyclop, daphnia, artemia, insect larvae, lettuce and spinach, feed with spirulina. You can also give sinking granules, branded flakes production.
Look at the flock of Swordsmen.
The red swordtail is a hybrid form of the green swordtail and red plagus. It is characterized by a bright shade of scales, the red pigment has turned out as a result of strict selection of adult individuals. Fish care is simple, it easily adapts to the general aquarium. Water temperature for content: 22–25 ° C, pH 6.5–7.5 pH, medium hardness.
The green swordtail is a beautiful aquarium fish that was brought in from Central America. The body is elongated, narrow, flattened on the sides. The color of scales is olive-brown, or grayish-yellow with green tint. A horizontal strip of violet hue passes through the body, parallel to it are 2 more narrow stripes. Brown splashes are visible on the dorsal fin, the male sword on the tail shimmers in a green, blue color. A pure green swordtail can only be found in nature; today it has become the material for creating many hybrid breeds. The content of the fish is also simple - it is perfectly acclimatized in captivity.
The black swordtail is a descendant of the green swordtail and black plagus. The body of the body is long and narrow, the color of the scales is velvety black, it shimmers with a blue tint. Silver eyes with dark pupil. Breeding of this breed is quite problematic, since the female can become ill with melanosis - excessive pigmentation of the skin. Sometimes the female may be infertile, so breeding is likely with proper water parameters. To avoid the degeneration of the breed, females can not be crossed with males of other breeds. Beautiful specimens are obtained with the standard crossing of the green swordtail and the black plaza.
Calico swordtail - got its name due to the triple color of scales. On a white background scattered black and red blotches. Breeding is also problematic - to display calico color is quite difficult. Nowadays, aquarium lovers try to use the breed of placium and "mechikov" for optimal results, but so far this has not been possible.
The rainbow Xiphophorus hellerii is a hybrid breed obtained by crossing white Bulgarian Bulgarian swordsmen. The color of the scales is gray-green, with an orange tinge, red-brown stripes are seen on it. The fins are painted in a red-orange tone.
Tiger red-speckled Xiphophorus hellerii - the breed was bred in the 40s of the twentieth century in Moscow. The color of the scales is ruby, there are black spots on it. The lower rays of the tail are long, melanosis is rare. When breeding a breed, it is advisable not to choose fish with pure black tail fins and a black part of the tailpiece.
How to care for swordfish fish :: aquarium swordfish fish :: Aquarium fish
How to care for swordfish fish
The swordfish aquarium fish belongs to the order of carnelians, petsilid family. In nature, such fish can be found in the waters of Guatemala, Central America, Mexico and Honduras. Before you get the swordtails for your aquarium, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules of their maintenance and nutrition.
The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers
Description of the Swordsmen
The body length of males reaches 8 centimeters, females - 12 centimeters, it all depends on the conditions of the Sword. A characteristic feature of the Sword is a peculiar process on the lower part of the caudal fin, which resembles a sword in appearance. Often there are hybrids with a pair of swords, as well as an enlarged dorsal fin. Females have a less bright color. The anal fin of the male is transformed into gonopodia - the genital for reproduction. Swordtails peacefully relate to other species of fish, get along well with them in the same aquarium. Female swordsmen should be more than males. A strong male often pursues a weaker one.
The contents of the swordtails
Swordtails are not demanding of conditions. The most optimal water temperature in the aquarium is 24-26 degrees. Fish easily tolerates a temporary decrease in water temperature to 16 degrees. Stiffness can vary in a large range - 8-25 dH, but it is recommended to maintain the acidity in the range of 7-8 pH. At least once a week, replace one-third of the volume of water in the aquarium, it is advisable to periodically produce enrichment of water with oxygen.
Plant the aquarium with small-leaved plants that form dense thickets (Toothed elodiea, Cabomba or Vallisneria). Fry will have the opportunity to hide in them from adult fish. Let the moss - richchia, which forms the picturesque islands, open on the surface of the water. Swordtails - very active fish, they sometimes so frolic that they can jump out of the aquarium. To avoid this, cover the aquarium with a lid.
The life of the Sword, however, like other species of fish, depends on proper and complete nutrition. They are completely unpretentious in food. The optimal diet should include plant and live food: pipe, artemia, daphnia, spinach, algae, various varieties of lettuce, bloodworm, cyclop, mosquito larvae, crushed oatmeal, peas and nettle. You can use any food, either live or canned, dry or frozen.
If you need to go on vacation or a business trip, you do not need to worry, as the aquarium swordtails easily tolerate the lack of food for one to two weeks without harming their health. Fish feed on various algal fouling that forms on aquarium glass or plant leaves.
Swordtails belong to the group of viviparous, they give birth to fully formed and large fry. Bearing lasts about forty days, before giving birth, the female's abdomen increases, becomes square. Place the female in a separate container with a large number of small-leaved plants. After birth, return it back to the general aquarium. Starter feed for fry: artemia, nematodes, chopped tubule, egg yolk, industrial feed.
Who do the cockerel fish get on in the general aquarium
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they have been nicknamed "fighting fish." Они не всегда терпят поселения с другими рыбами, им трудно жить с соседями в силу своей драчливости. Если поселить в одном аквариуме самца петушка вместе с другим петушком, то между ними возникнут конфликты, которые закончатся телесными повреждениями и общипанными плавниками.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established - then all inhabitants will be comfortable. An important rule - it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight. On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male. Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable. If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary - this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by "competitors", which for them are external stimuli.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the "no" territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar. But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Description of compatibility with certain types of fish
Males and guppies - it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature. The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta - compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami - all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami - curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around. Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact - slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly - viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors - as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proved, cockerels rarely disturb corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
Getting a pet store, the newcomer is just lost - so many fish, they all like it in their own way, I want to settle in the new aquarium as many handsome men as possible. But the choice of neighbors has its own subtleties. Let's consider how aquarium fish are compatible with each other.
The species compatibility table clearly shows which animals are fully compatible with each other, incompatible, or partially compatible under certain conditions. Consider the principles on which the table is built.
- Conditions should be well suited for all inhabitants of the aquarium.
- You can not put together a predator and prey.
- Type of aquarium fish with a calm and sluggish nature should not coexist with fast and active fish. They'll starve and get stressed.
- The inhabitants of the aquarium should be proportionate. Even the most peaceful fish will eat everyone who fits into her mouth.
- Some fish show aggression and can attack both neighbors and members of their own species. It is necessary to take into account the peculiarity of behavior.
- One type of aquarium fish can not live without a flock of their own kind, the other - without a pair, and the third prefers loneliness. This should not be forgotten if you want to avoid fights or stress.
So, consider what types of aquarium fish are, some aspects of their content and compatibility. In one article it is impossible to describe all types of fish, so we will focus on the most popular representatives and the general characteristics of groups.
Apistogram dwarf cichlids are popular species of aquarium fish. Photos show that these little fish look like bright tropical butterflies. Apistograms do not need a large amount of aquarium, plants do not damage and are quite calm. They can be kept with other peaceful fish - sword-bearers, patzilia, guppies, mollies, neons, rassets, tetras, small catfish, barbs. But small shrimp will be happy to eat even dwarf cichlids. Males apistogramm in a small aquarium will be aggressive to each other, so you can keep a couple or a harem.
Another popular type of aquarium fish is the scalar. These fish are also thermophilic, do not destroy plants. But they will eat up all the small neighbors (neon, rasbor), and the aggressive fish will cut off their beautiful long fins (crests, denison, many types of barbs). For these reasons, the list of neighbors is small - unhurried gourami, mollies, petilles, cherry barbs, some soma.
The kings of the freshwater aquarium - the discus - are very demanding to the conditions and nutrition of the fish. In addition, the preferred high temperature - 28-31 ° C. Far from all plants and animals can withstand such heat. They are compatible with discus: catfish tarakatum, clown combat, Ramirezi's apistogram, red-bearing tetra, red neons. Discus gentle fish, prone to stress and various diseases, so it is better to abandon any neighbors.
As for other types of cichlids, such as the parrot, handsome chromis, labidochromis ellou, black-striped cichlid, astronotus and others, it is difficult to pick up the neighbors. These fish are territorial, aggressive, they need shelter. They dig the ground, pull out all the plants. Two males in a small volume will constantly conflict, so you can keep them in pairs or harems, with other active fish, able to stand up for themselves. They are compatible only with other cichlids, and because of intraspecific aggression, it is better to choose neighbors with a different color.
That viviparous most often become the first pets beginners. Sword-bearers, mollies, platies, aquarium guppy fish. All types of viviparous are unpretentious in content, not aggressive, easily get along with other types of peaceful fish. In addition, a huge number of varieties and colors viviparous. More than 80 species of guppies, dozens of species of placiums, mollies, swordtails differ not only in coloring, but also in the shape of the body and fins.
Of course, in the content of viviparous there are some subtleties. Males of swordtails can be aggressive, therefore they do not recommend settling several males in one aquarium. And guppies can provoke barbs, thorns, angelfish, some gourams with their bright long tails.
Guppies - the smallest of viviparous, but larger molly, placium and swordfish can be settled with scalars, gourami, barbs. Neon, rasbora, cardinals, tarakatum, speckled catfish, corridors will be good neighbors for all.
Suitable for beginners and labyrinth aquarium fish. Species of these fish are remarkable in that they need atmospheric air for breathing. Some labyrinths are pretty jumping, so the aquarium should be covered with a lid, but with an obligatory gap. In the aquarium should be a lot of plants and shelters.
Males of males and macropods are very aggressive towards other males of their own species, therefore they need to be maintained by a harem. Conflicts between males will be with gourami, lyalius. They need a spacious aquarium and several females. All types of labyrinth females also need shelter in order to hide from harassment during spawning.
Despite the intraspecific aggression, the labyrinths get along well with other peaceful fish - swordtails, petillia, mollies, neons, rassets, zebrafish, cherry barbs, antsistrus, cardinals, speckled catfish. You can not settle with fish that love to tear off fins - barbs and ternitsemi.
It is not easy even to list all the types and names of aquarium fish of the Haracin family. They are quite different from each other - this is the well-known neon, tetra, and Khujet's rare pikes, predatory piranhas, flying blazer-belly, and huge black pacu.
Tetras, phantoms, congos, ternas are very active, peaceful fish of medium and small size. They live in flocks, so do not purchase less than 7-10 individuals. Black neighbors, tarakatums, lyalius, speckled catfish, danios, cardinals, viviparous can be neighbors for them. Some tetras like to tear off other fins to other fish, so they need to be carefully kept with their tail fin.
Black, red and blue neons are peaceful little fishes. They need to settle with a flock of 15 individuals. Because of their small size, large fish are dangerous for neons, it is better to give preference to smaller and non-predatory neighbors - rasboram, small haratsinovym, apistogramma, clipped belly, live-bears, cardinals, iris, barbs.
Botsiya-clown, tiger and marble combat - large and very active fish. They prefer to live in a flock of 5 individuals. Get along well with other peaceful fish of medium and large sizes. They can tear off the veil fins. They eat plants and snails.
Botsi stay mostly at the bottom, occasionally rising in the middle layers of water. Therefore, it is better to supplement their company with fish that live in the upper layers. Good neighbors for fighting can be barbs, angelfish, danios, gourami, viviparous, rasbor, iris, labo, tetra.
Cherry barb is the most peaceful type of aquarium fish among its relatives. It will easily get along with small fish, but large and predatory neighbors can easily offend him. They contain a barb by a flock of 5 individuals, in the company of neons, rasbor, cardinals, danios, corridors.
As for the other types of barbs - Sumatran, fire, mutants, they are known as hooligans and bullies. Active fish that will not be offended will approach them as neighbors - danio rerio, ternets, congas, tetras, tarakatums, speckled catfish, cardinals. Fish that have long fins that will annoy barbecues - goslings, hyalus, will not work.
Danio - active small aquarium fish. Compatibility of species - the table shows that due to its size and peaceful nature, danios get along well with many fish. To keep them you need flocks of at least 5 individuals.
The list of good neighbors for danios is really extensive - viviparous, cockerels, angelfish, gourami, fighters, iris, rasbor, labo, tetra. All peaceful fish of small and medium size, which will not offend danios, are suitable.
Labo bicolor is often recommended as a calm fish for a common aquarium. But it is not. The young labo will be shy and shy, but an adult will begin to protect its territory and attack fish that resemble their relatives. Several laboos will invariably conflict. Fast fish that live in the upper layers of water - danios, thorns, barbs, can live with him. Green Labo will also be able to temper his aggressiveness if he has his own territory and shelter, which he will defend.
It occurs in our zoomagin and black labo. This fish does not tolerate their relatives, aggressive and territorial. It grows up to 80 cm in length and needs a large volume aquarium. It can live with large fish, for example, with the red-tailed catfish. But conflicts are not excluded.
Another pets for beginners - goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common. If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids. But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat. And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.
Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together. Who do goldfish can get along with? Aquarium species of calm catfish - the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras - Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine. There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
The bottom is occupied by aquarium fish - catfish. Types of catfish are very diverse, they differ both in size and behavior. Consider the most common.
Shy platydoras will surely eat all the fish that fit into his mouth. Therefore, it can only be maintained with large fish, for example, cichlids.
Most often in an aquarium live ancistrus. Several antsistrusov can be kept only under the condition of a large aquarium, these fish are territorial. But to other species they are not aggressive, and very few people touch them either.
The corridors are another popular catfish species. They are kept in a group of at least 3 individuals, if they are eaten by space - 10-15. Fish are peaceful, but their large fish can eat. Ideal neighbors for corridors are tetras, rasbaras, danios, viviparins, dwarf cichlids.They do not like water with a temperature above 25 degrees, so it is not suitable for content with thermophilic species.
Tarakatum has a peace-loving nature and can coexist with peaceful fish and even with other catfish.
Red-tailed catfish can often be seen in pet stores, but this fish is not suitable for a common aquarium, as it grows very large - up to a meter, and simply eat all the inhabitants. It can live with commensurate fish, but the aquarium for a group of such large fish must be very large - from 1000 liters.
Glass catfish is well suited for a general aquarium, it can live with commensurate and small fish - neon, ramming, small gurus, Ramirezi apistogram, catfish. Large fish are dangerous for this peaceful catfish.
Pterigoplichts grow large, so neighbors must be matched - large cichlids, giant gourami, fish knives, polypteruses.
With whom to launch guppies in the general aquarium?
There is hardly a person, even very far from aquarists, who would not hear about guppies. These small bright fish are able to charm absolutely everyone who only once looks at their feathers, specks, flickering scales. Slender, airy, they flash in the water like butterflies! But handsome men are attractive not only for connoisseurs of beauty, but also for neighbors in the aquarium, who can look after them as a delicious dinner. To avoid unnecessary sacrifices, it is necessary to observe some rules for selecting pets, taking into account their compatibility.
On the compatibility of aquarium fish
Settling an aquarium is a demanding, painstaking task. It requires theoretical knowledge. Fish may have full or relative compatibility and be completely incompatible.
Most likely, representatives of the same family, detachment, suborder, having the same size and conditions of detention can get along. Common sense will not allow the inhabitants of cooler waters to settle in tropical conditions. Predatory large species can cause serious harm to miniature water inhabitants. But there are exceptions in any rule, which is confirmed by experienced aquarists. There are many cases where peace-loving fish friendly cohabited with fierce predators for a long time. At the same time, baseless wars often arose between calm fish.
If you are still not sure that water inhabitants are compatible, you can always use special tables. They contain information that will dispel your doubts and prevent you from making irreparable mistakes.
Look at the aquarium with guppies, lyalius, neon and catfish.
What is necessary to know about the representatives of the species for the correct choice of neighbors for them? The species of guppy belongs to the genus of the family of the intestine of the petsilievy order carpsong. Fish is viviparous. The size of a male is from one and a half to four centimeters, females - from three to seven. Life expectancy is about two and a half years. The color is varied - monophonic, multi-colored, speckled, striped. There are several dozen selection forms. Many of them have fan-shaped streaming tails. Guppies live in groups ranging from a couple to the amount that can be placed in an aquarium. They live in the upper layers of water. They are very active, can jump out, so it is better to have a special cover.
Parameters favorable for keeping fish:
- water volume from 30 l;
- temperature + 24-26 ° C;
- stiffness dH 10-25 °;
- acidity: pH 7.
They, like all inhabitants of domestic ponds, need light, aeration, water purification by filtration and weekly substitution of its part.
As mentioned earlier, representatives of the same family can be kept in the same aquarium. They are fully compatible. It is safe to populate guppies with all their pecillium brethren without fear for their health. In addition, the conditions of existence of these fish are similar.
Petsilievyh, or gambusiyevy family include:
- alfaro turquoise;
Neighbors who will rarely cross each other will be harmless to each other. Somics spend most of their time at the bottom, are active at night. Aquarium fish guppies, on the contrary, love the light, so they occupy the upper and middle layers of water. Thus, the question of dividing the territory disappears. They may not even know that they live in the same reservoir. This ensures compatibility. In addition to small catfish, on this basis, you can choose to neighbors fighting, fish-knife.
Admire the beautiful and large common aquarium.
Predatory fish such as African scalar, goldfish, discus, astronotus, cichlids can not only damage the luxurious tails of defenseless babies, but also destroy their offspring. For safety reasons, adults should not be settled in a single aquarium. But while the scalars are at the stage of maturation, they may well be in the company of the guppy flocks.
Long-term, even centuries-old experience of studying the nature, characteristics of life activity of fish in captivity gave modern avkvariumistam information that will help determine the compatibility of fish. Using the verified data, you can without a doubt organize the accommodation of gupeshek with the following types:
They have relative compatibility with barbs, gourami, eels, labo. Most likely, pets will make friends if they spend together the time of growing up.
The aquarium in which the fish coexist with other equally beautiful creatures looks quite unusual. An example is shrimp. They are unpretentious, peaceful, moreover they bring enormous benefits - they eat leftover food, helping to maintain cleanliness. There are many shrimp, differing in color: snowflake, glass, harlequin, cardinal, bee and others. They will complement the colorful world created by small fish.
Like any hobby, aquarism is a field for experimentation. Neither the author of the encyclopedia, nor an experienced amateur can unequivocally answer whether guppies get along with other fishes. Compatibility is a relative concept. After all, even a cute little fish can show its character and arrange a rebellion against the same peaceful peaceful neighbors. Thus, to keep an aquarium filled with one species, or to combine with others is a deeply individual question.
Choosing the perfect neighbors for guppies
Most novice aquarists prefer viviparous, beautiful, small in size, nimble guppy fish. Hardy and unpretentious fish are able to survive even in the most extreme conditions. There are, of course, those who don't like these fish because of their size. But mostly they are turned on because of the peaceful nature of their cohabitants. In some moments, this trait plays against them. So, snooty neighbors can offend the little inhabitants of the chic tails.
Keeping and caring for guppies
Caring for guppies will not cause trouble and will not cause complexity. For small fish it does not matter the displacement of the aquarium, they will live in the most miniature versions. However, there is a question about the humanity of such a content of fish.
When selecting neighbors, it is important to take into account not only the interests of guppies, but also the "perpetrators" themselves. Therefore, carefully make sure that the water balance is ideal for all pets.
The perfect guppy aquarium:
- Temperature 23-26 degrees;
- Stiffness from 10 to 25;
- Acidity 6.5-7.5;
- 2 liters of pure water per individual;
- The presence of plants and shelters;
- Dim additional lighting;
- Replacing a third of water weekly.
The presence of a filtering device, pump and air compressor are not required. However, this figure is very relative and will depend on the population of the aquarium. The more residents, the higher the need to purchase these devices.
Guppies can use any kind of food as food. This is another plus in the piggy bank of their demand. They are omnivores, and gladly devour everything that is given to them. Of course, feeding only dry mixtures is not desirable, since they will eventually lead to an imbalance of trace elements in the body of fish and the aquarium as a whole. Supplement the diet with moths, daphnia, cyclops and pipemaker. Guppies will also be delighted with vegetable feed. Please note that these fish are prone to gluttony, so carefully dose the amount of food.
Compatibility with other fish
Due to the peaceful nature of pets, you should think about the possibility of keeping them separate from other fish, but if you still want to make an aquarium with many types of fish, carefully select your neighbors. They in no case can not be planted to predators.
Guppies get along well with some catfish, gouras, tetras, battles and some species of haracin fish, and corridors will do. But in practice it has been proved that even among them there are snooty individuals who strive to offend guppies.
The most popular options are:
- Angelfish. Most novice aquarists believe that this option is the most optimal. In fact, he is successful until the angelfish grows up. Therefore, the belief that fearful scalars are harmless is fundamentally wrong. However, there are cases when they peacefully get along with each other in huge aquariums.
- Swordtails. These fish are not the most suitable option, since adult Swordtails often bite their neighbors and eat their offspring. You can plant them together only if you have taken care to grow dense thickets of plants in which both fry and adult fish will be able to find shelter.
- Barbusses. Barbusses are dangerous for beautiful guppy fins. Because the bright colors attract the attention of this fish, and they tend to bite guppies. Pay attention to other fish that will not be so aggressive.
- Goldfish. This option is strictly prohibited. A goldfish can bring a small guppy to death, so consider other options.
- The iris
Therefore, be careful with your neighbors for such tender and defenseless fishes. Leave the stereotypes and carefully study the approach, both to the owners of the aquarium and to their neighbors. Guppies get along well with peace-loving fish, but categorically do not accept fighters. Be attentive to the behavior of all pets. If you notice aggression from the other fish during feeding, you should try to increase the dose of food. It is hunger or lack of free space that can make ideal neighbors the worst enemies, leading to injury and stress. Choosing neighbors, read as much information as possible and consult with other breeders about whether new inhabitants will not eat the fry of the viviparous guppy.