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Minor fish

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Minor or serpas is a beautiful but snooty fish.

Minor (lat. Hyphessobrycon serpae) or serpas is a beautiful fish that looks like a small and mobile flame in an aquarium. And it’s impossible to take your eyes off the beak minor. The body is large, red, black spot immediately behind the gill cover, giving them a very noticeable appearance.

In addition, the minors are very attractive, they are also unpretentious, like many types of tetras. Keep them in a flock, from 6 individuals, with other fish suitable in size and activity. The disadvantages include a somewhat hooligan nature, they can stalk and cut off fins to slow or veil fish.

Habitat in nature

Minor or Serpas long-flipper (Hyphessobrycon eques, and previously Hyphessobrycon minor) was first described in 1882. It lives in South America, home to Paraguay, Brazil, and Guiana. A fairly common fish found in stagnant water, with a large number of plants: tributaries, ponds, small lakes. Keep near the surface of the water, where they feed on insects, their larvae and particles of plants. Minor live in flocks, but often arrange fights with each other and bite the fins.

Description

The body structure is typical for tetras, narrow and high. Minors grow up to 4 cm in length, and live in an aquarium for 4-5 years. The body color is bright red with bright reflections. The black spot is also characteristic, immediately behind the gill cover. The fins are black, with white edging on the edge. Also there is a form with elongated fins, veil.

Content difficulty

Serpas is very often on sale, as it is very popular with aquarists. They are unpretentious, live in small volumes and in principle are not difficult fish. Although it is very easy to care for them, however, they themselves can become a problem, chasing and cutting off fins to slow fish. Because of this, you need to be cautious when choosing neighbors.

Feeding

Minor aquarium fish eat all kinds of live, frozen and artificial food. They can be fed with high-quality flakes, and the bloodworm and the strawberry can be given periodically for a more complete diet. Note that the tetras have a small mouth and you need to choose smaller feeds.

Content in an aquarium

Minors are quite unpretentious fish that need to be kept in a pack of 6 pieces. For such a flock of 50-70 liters is enough. As for the other tetras, for minor, you need clean water, and dim lighting. It is advisable to install a filter that, in addition to water purification, will create a small flow. Mandatory regular water changes, about 25% per week. And dim lighting can be done by floating plants on the surface of the water.

Water for the content of a minor is preferably soft and sour: ph: 5.5-7.5, 5 - 20 dGH, temperature 23-27С. However, it is so widespread that it has already adapted to different conditions and parameters.

Compatible with other fish

Minor aquarium fish are considered good fishes for common aquariums, but this is not the case. Only if they live with large and fast fish. Fishes that are smaller than them will be the object of persecution and terror. The same can be said about slow fish with large fins. For example, cockerels or scalar. They will be constantly tugging at the fins until the fish gets sick or dies.

Good neighbors for them will be: danios, black neons, barbs, akantoftalmusy, antsistrusy.
In a group, the character of a minor is somewhat softened, since the hierarchy is built and attention is shifted to relatives. In this case, the males are satisfied with the view that they are fighting with each other, but do not hurt each other.

Aquarium with a bunch of veil serpasov:

Gender differences

Determine where the male and where the female in a minor is quite difficult. The most pronounced difference in the time before spawning. Males in minor are brighter, more slender and their back fin is completely black. In females it is paler, and they are fuller even when they are not ready for spawning.

Males of voile form

Breeding

It is quite simple to make a minor. They can breed in pairs and in groups with approximately equal numbers of males and females. The key to successful breeding is to create the necessary conditions in a separate aquarium and select healthy producers.

Spawning:

For spawning suitable small aquarium, with very low light, and bushes of small-leaved plants, for example, in Javanese moss. Water should be soft, no more than 6-8 dGH, and a pH of about 6.0. Water temperature 27C.

The selected producers are abundantly fed, giving preference to a variety of live feeds. Males become more active and brightly colored, and females are noticeably getting fat. Spawning begins at dawn, the couple lays eggs on plants. After spawning, fish are deposited, and the aquarium is placed in a dark place, as the caviar is very photosensitive.

In two days, the fry will hatch, and will live off of the yolk sac. As soon as he swam, you need to start feeding him with egg yolk and infusoria. As they grow, larger feeds are transferred to naupilii of artemia.

Minor fish: maintenance and care

In this article we will tell about one of the fish, ideal for beginner aquarists. Her name is minor. This small fish has gained its popularity by the fact that it does not require complicated care, it is rather unpretentious, but at the same time it is very interesting to watch the moving and playful flock of minors. Despite the simplicity of the content, it is impossible to admit the deterioration of conditions, since these Kheratsinovyhs slow growth, the brightness of the coloration is lost, they begin to multiply poorly, their life is shortened.

Minor in nature

Free Hyphessobrycon minor live in the north and in the center of South America, the Amazon (Paraguay, Central Brazil). Reservoirs prefer forest, with stagnant or slow flowing water.

What does a minor look like?

The size. These are quite small fish with a length from head to tail of no more than 4-5 cm and a life expectancy of about six years.

Structure. Their body is slender, high, compressed from the sides, and elongated in length. A distinctive feature of the minors is the dorsal fin: quadrangular, strictly vertical, sometimes strongly elongated.

Coloring. A dark longitudinal line is clearly visible across the body. From above, the fish is painted olive-brown with green color. Bottom (abdomen and sides) bright red. The space behind the gills and dorsal fin is covered with small dark spots.

Fin on the back is black, it may have a white border or just a tip, and the rest (except for fat, which is transparent) are monochromatic, rich red. The tail is heavily carved, its base has no scales on its body.

Minor females are not as bright as males, but larger and fuller. They are easily distinguished by swollen abdomen.

Character and compatibility

Minors have a rather peaceful temper. They prefer to stay in flocks of 4 individuals.

If you keep them one by one, they can start attacking other small fish or even their fellows. Especially they do not like sluggish veils, gnawing their fins and tails.

Almost all peaceful moving small fishes of approximately the same size and temperament, with the exception of the above, can become neighbors for minors.

How to create conditions?

Ideal for minors are the conditions of the aquarium "tropical forest". What is required?

Long aquarium. Thirty-liter containers are quite acceptable, but the optimal volume is 10 liters for each fish from the flock. There must be a lid on top, since these heracin ones are pretty jumping.

Vegetation. In the aquarium should be both abundant thickets of plants and open space for swimming. It should be borne in mind that the Minors prefer the lower and middle layers of water.

Plants with roots are planted in the ground, and floating located on the surface of the water. Echinodorus, Javanese moss, cryptocorin, Thai fern will be quite appropriate.

Water parameters. The water itself should have a temperature of 22-26 ° C (and the fish can tolerate occasional lows well), a hardness of 4-8 degrees, an acidity of 6.8-7.

Filtration, aeration. Be sure to install a filter and aerator. Substitutions can be done weekly, removing and adding one fifth of the water. Hyphessobrycon minor feel great in peated water.

Lighting. The intensity of illumination is quite average.

Priming better to take a dark color. It may be sand or gravel. At the bottom put snags, which will decorate the home pond, and will serve as shelters for minors.

How and what to feed?

The fish in question are undemanding and not capricious in terms of nutrition. There are a couple of important points to consider:

  1. Feed size Fish small and large particles simply can not capture.
  2. Balance Feed should be alternated. I think it is not necessary to explain how important this is for the health and harmonious development of pets.

Under natural conditions, the minors eat insects from the surface of the water and various small aquatic animals.

In captivity, you can give all kinds of food: live (daphnia, Cyclops, Artemia, crustaceans, bloodworms, small insects, Enchitreus), dry (granules, flakes), vegetable (spinach, duckweed, peristristum, dandelion leaves and lettuce).

Minor reproduction

Spawning grounds organization. For offspring will need to prepare spawning. To do this, take a small capacity (10-20 liters). A separator screen is placed on the bottom. It is needed to protect future caviar from parents who can eat it.

The lighting is set dim and diffused. Soil is not needed, but the plants are needed. Preference is better to give small-leaved long-stalked varieties. Additionally, you can place a bush of Thai fern, peristristis or javanese moss.

As for water, then it is poured with a layer of not more than 10-15 cm. And it should correspond to the following parameters:

  • temperature 24-28 degrees
  • stiffness not more than 15,
  • acidity 6.2-7.

Water can be used fresh or peeled. The last one is prepared as follows: a concentrated decoction of peat is introduced into distilled water (control of acidity is mandatory!) And insist from 7 to 30 days.

Parental choices and spawning. For breeding take a pair or a group of fish. For a week before the X-hour, they practice the separation of females and males and abundant feeding. The spawning fish are usually placed in the evening, and after a few days or even in the morning spawning occurs. Ikrinok is from 200 to 300 pieces.

They fall to the bottom, stick to the leaves of plants. After that, the fish should be deposited, and the spawner should be supplied with weak aeration and shaded. It is not recommended to touch caviar, as it is very sensitive to this.

It also happens that spawning does not occur either in the morning or in 2-3 days. All this time, the fish do not feed. If the miracle did not happen, then the minors are released back into the general aquarium and try again a little later.

Care for offspring. Calf fry hatch after 1-2 days and hang on glass or plants. They can swim only in 3-5 days. Then they begin to be fed with infusoria, rotifers, cyclops nauplii and small nematodes. Every 2-3 weeks the water in the spawner is replaced, gradually increasing its hardness.

Fish grow fairly quickly and are ready for breeding at 8-10 months.

As you can see, there is nothing difficult in the care and breeding of minors. The main thing is to remember the peculiarities of the nature of the fish and maintain the purity of the water. Then these creatures will frolic peacefully and delight the owners with their appearance and fecundity. Good luck!

Video about the maintenance of aquarium fish in a minor:

Minor aquarium fish: content, compatibility, photo-video review


Hyphessobrycon minor Aquarium Fish Minor

Detachment, family: hartsinovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 C.

Ph: 6-7.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.

Minor Compatibility: gets on with all the peaceful fish (danios pink, thorns, speckled catfish, neons, etc.) - in a word, the same tetras, harazinki, platies will be the best neighbors.

Useful tips: not capricious fish, suitable for beginners and young aquarists.

Description:

The birthplace of the minor is water from Guyana to the Paraguay River in Brazil.

Minor fish has a slightly high, elongated body flattened laterally. The back is painted in olive-brown color, and the sides in red. Dorsal fin black. The remaining fins are red. The male is different from the female more slender body and bright color. The fish reaches a length of no more than 4 cm.

These peaceful fish are kept in flocks in the general aquarium (more than 60 cm long) with moving neighbors. I do not recommend putting them down to the "veil" fish - they are slow and the minors can "pinch" them for beautiful, large fins.

Comfortable parameters of water for minor content: temperature 22-24 ° С, acidity 6-7, hardness 5-10 °. Filtering and aeration is recommended.

As for aquatic plants for minors, here you can use both lush and more slender species. However, the plants should be distributed wisely, as the Minor fish love space. Also on the bottom of the aquarium, you can plant small-leaved plants. Freshwater snails can be planted in an aquarium with minors.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photo selection with minors fish

Interesting video with minor fish

Aquarium minor - what kind of fish?

Minor serpas (Latin Hyphessobrycon minor) is a small aquarium fish of the Kharatsyn family. Natural habitat - freshwater with a slow flow in South America. Like any tetra, the adult minor reaches a size of no more than 5 cm in length; it lives 5-6 years in captivity.

General characteristics

The body structure is slender, tall, flattened on the sides, oblong. Dorsal fin is vertical, quadrangular in shape, also elongated. The body color is olive green on the back, and bright red at the bottom. Along the perimeter of the body is a dark horizontal strip. Gill covers and dorsal fin covered with fine dark spots.


The dorsal fin has a black color, with a white border, the other fins are red. Adipose fin translucent. The tail fin is two-bladed, red, with no scales at its base. Adult females do not have the bright color of the body and fins, as males, but their body is more rounded and full, during the spawning period you can clearly see the swollen abdomen.

The minor character is calm and peaceful. Like a schooling fish, it prefers to keep in a shoal of 4-6 individuals and more. Alone, the fish can attack the neighbors in the aquarium. It is unacceptable to keep the tail-tailed fish with which all fins can nibble. This aquarium tetra perfectly coexists with peaceful and mobile fishes, compatibility is possible with neons, petilias, lanterns, pulcheras, ornatus, and other tetras.

Look at the common aquarium with minors.

How to keep at home

Fish content in a minor is allowed in a long and fairly spacious aquarium. The optimal reservoir capacity is 10 liters of water per individual from the joint. The tank should be covered with a lid so that no tetra could jump out of it.

Characteristic are very fond of thick plants and spaces for swimming. They prefer to swim in the upper and middle ball of water. Ground plants (Anubiasa, Elodieu, Javanese moss, cryptocoryne) can be planted on the bottom, fixed with stones, floating plants should be located above the water surface.

Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 22-26 degrees Celsius, acidity of water 6.8-7.0 pH, water hardness - 4-8 dGH. Need to adjust the quality of aeration and filtration. Once a week you need to replace 20% of the water with fresh and clean. These aquarium fish love the water, which added a little boiled peat.


The intensity of illumination is average, use fluorescent lamps, including them for 10 hours a day. Gravel or medium sand is suitable as a soil. At the bottom you can put snags, grottoes, caverns, which will serve as shelters for each fish.

The fish is more undemanding in food, the main rule is to give her medium-sized food that she will be able to capture with her mouth. Food should be balanced, varied.Give your pet live food (daphnia, artemia, bloodworm, cyclops, crustaceans, small insects), dry food in the form of granules and flakes, vegetable food (duckweed, sheets of lettuce and dandelion, spinach, peristomist).

Watch the fun and moving minors.

Breeding rules

Aquarium minors should spawn in a specially prepared spawning tank with a water capacity of 20-25 liters. At the bottom of the tank lay separator mesh to protect the eggs. In the aquarium it is better to install dim and diffused lighting. Soil lining is optional, place in the water plants with long stems, or Thai fern, Javanese moss and peristristum. The height of the water in the aquarium is 10-15 centimeters, the parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 26-28 ° C, hardness - 15 dH, acidity 6.2-7.0 pH. Water can be taken fresh and infused, or with the addition of peat extract. Peat water is prepared as follows: boiled peat concentrate (neutral acidity) is poured into the infused water, and infused for 7-30 days.


How to choose manufacturers? For breeding in the seine, select a pair of individuals, or several pairs of fish. 7 days before spawning, females and males are kept separately, feeding them with live food. In the spawning tank, they must be placed in the evening, 2 hours before the lights are turned off. A few days later, in the morning, spawning will occur, the female produces 200-300 small eggs. If breeding does not occur, you can replace the pair, or not feed the day males and females. Eggs fall to the bottom, sticking to the grid and leaves of plants. After the process, all manufacturers are removed back into the general aquarium, the spawn is supplied with aeration, its walls are shaded with dark paper.

Fry larvae will hatch in 48 hours, after that they will hang on the plants, in 3-5 days they will swim independently. Starter feeding for them - ciliates, rotifers, cyclops larvae, small nematodes. Every 2-3 days the water in spawning should be replaced with clean water, gradually increasing its level of hardness. Fry grow quickly, become mature at the age of one year.

Minor is a bright and unpretentious inhabitant of your aquarium.

A minor is a schooling fish, which belongs to the family of the Haracin. Otherwise a minor is called a red tetra or a bloody tetra. The name, however, is not related to the character: the Minor fish are peaceful, they are not among the predatory aquarium inhabitants. In scientific literature, this creation can be found under the name Hifessobrikon, callistos. The habitat of the minor in natural conditions is the Amazon River basin.

External description

The fish has a long body, compressed from both sides, there is a fatty fin. The bloody tetra can be known by its characteristic color: the back is brown with a bright green glow, the sides are bright red, and behind the gill cover you can see a small black spot, a fin on the back has a black spot and a white tip, the adipose is transparent, all other body parts - of red color. As for the size, the length of the body reaches a length of 4 centimeters. Minors live an average of six years.

Aquarium minors: content

Minors feel calmer if they are not alone in an aquarium: they like to swim in a flock of 6 individuals (this is the minimum). This rule is important to observe and for the reason that the minor can become aggressive, living alone in the general aquarium. It is possible that he will begin to attack other aquarium inhabitants. The minor still has this peculiarity: its content with small fish with long filiform fins is not recommended. The fact is that minors can confuse them with plants and nibble.

Minor loves space, so its content involves buying a fairly large aquarium or using an existing one. The water temperature in the aquarium should be at least 23-26 degrees, pH - 7.5, and the hardness - 20 dGH. And, of course, the maintenance of minors is permissible only in pure water. A compressor for improving aeration should be used at least twice a day: in the morning and in the evening, leaving it to work for 10-20 minutes.

Pondering over which soil to buy, choose a small-sized river pebble. If there is a desire, then you can buy a color version of pebbles: such an aquarium will give not only peace, but also cheerfulness. Plants can be bought both slender and lush, but again it must be remembered: the minor likes space, which means there should not be too many plants. For the bottom of the aquarium fine-leaved plants are perfect. Minor fish will not mind if you put freshwater snails in an aquarium: they will help to create an optimal climate in the water kingdom.

Minors like light, but if it is non-intense, soft. In winter, the fish will definitely need an additional light source.

Do not forget to say about the feed. However, you won't have to rant for a long time: aquarium minors eat everything. They love and live food, and dry, and various vegetation. But especially likes daphnia minor. The fish will enjoy such a meal, and you will get a lot of fun by watching the aquarium minors chasing daphnias throughout the aquarium.

Tip: Yolk can be used as a natural vitamin supplement. Boil the egg, cool it, rub it thoroughly and pour it into small tanks in an aquarium.

Successful breeding is impossible without the correct content, and therefore it is worth being attentive to all of the listed rules.

Minor fish: breeding

Aquarium minors reach sexual maturity at approximately 6-8 months. In order for the breeding to be successful, it is necessary to prepare groups of fish-producers (per two females per three males). Red tetras belonging to this group should be especially hard fed for a couple of days before spawning: the best option is live food. Spawning should be a volume of ten to twenty liters, not counting the soil. The tank must be filled with Thai fern or, for example, with a jaggerwort, which must first be rinsed in water (flow-through) for one day. It is recommended to press the aquarium vegetation to the bottom with clean glass rods. The aquarium should be filled with water for 15 cm, and the pH of the water should be 6.0-6.5, and the temperature 28 degrees. To achieve the necessary pH in the liquid, you can add quite a bit of peat brew.

Jigging groups of fish-producers produce strictly in the evening. If it is possible to pick up the most compatible pairs, then spawning will begin already with the first rays of the sun, when there will be diffused, one can even say poor lighting. On average, the female spawns up to 250 eggs for spawning. Caviar has a yellowish-pink color and small size. At ten o'clock spawning, as a rule, ends. And the fish-producers are separated so that the female can rest and recover. If the female is well rested, then the new spawning cycle will be no less successful.

As for the caviar, which is left in the spawning area, it must be reliably protected from the sun's rays: I mean direct. After a day, you will see small, inactive larvae of the fish: they attach to the plants and glass, remaining upright. On the fifth day, the larvae are already turning into fry. They can be fed on the fifth or seventh day with small zooplankton: nauplii of cyclops, rotifers, ciliates (juvenile minors eat them less willingly).

Remember:

  • during spawning aquarium minors do not need food, they should not be fed;
  • if the spawning was not on the first day, the fish-producers should remain in the breeding ground for another two days.

And let the cultivation of minors be successful!

Minor or serpas aquarium fish care spawning photo video compatibility.

minor spawning

Spawning grounds organization. For offspring will need to prepare spawning. To do this, take a small capacity (10-20 liters). A separator screen is placed on the bottom. It is needed to protect future caviar from parents who can eat it.

The lighting is set dim and diffused. Soil is not needed, but the plants are needed. Preference is better to give small-leaved long-stalked varieties. Additionally, you can place a bush of Thai fern, peristristis or javanese moss.

As for water, then it is poured with a layer of not more than 10-15 cm. And it should correspond to the following parameters:

  • temperature 24-28 degrees
  • stiffness not more than 15,
  • acidity 6.2-7.

Water can be used fresh or peeled. The last one is prepared as follows: a concentrated decoction of peat is introduced into distilled water (control of acidity is mandatory!) And insist from 7 to 30 days.

minor photo of fish

Minor: Parents' Choice and Spawning.

For breeding take a pair or a group of fish. For a week before the X-hour, they practice the separation of females and males and abundant feeding. The spawning fish are usually placed in the evening, and after a few days or even in the morning spawning occurs. Ikrinok is from 200 to 300 pieces.

They fall to the bottom, stick to the leaves of plants. After that, the fish should be deposited, and the spawner should be supplied with weak aeration and shaded. It is not recommended to touch caviar, as it is very sensitive to this.

It also happens that spawning does not occur either in the morning or in 2-3 days. All this time, the fish do not feed.

If the miracle did not happen, then the minors are released back into the general aquarium and try again a little later.

Minor: Care of offspring.

Calf fry hatch after 1-2 days and hang on glass or plants. They can swim only in 3-5 days. Then they begin to be fed with infusoria, rotifers, cyclops nauplii and small nematodes. Every 2-3 weeks the water in the spawner is replaced, gradually increasing its hardness.

Fish grow fairly quickly and are ready for breeding at 8-10 months.

As you can see, there is nothing difficult in the care and breeding of minors. The main thing is to remember the peculiarities of the nature of the fish and maintain the purity of the water. Then these creatures will frolic peacefully and delight the owners with their appearance and fecundity. Good luck!

Minor: CONTENT IN AQUARIUM

Minors are quite unpretentious fish that need to be kept in a pack of 6 pieces. For such a flock of 50-70 liters is enough. As for the other tetras, for minor, you need clean water, and dim lighting. It is advisable to install a filter that, in addition to water purification, will create a small flow. Mandatory regular water changes, about 25% per week. And dim lighting can be done by floating plants on the surface of the water.

Water for the content of a minor is preferably soft and sour: ph: 5.5-7.5, 5 - 20 dGH, temperature 23-27С. However, it is so widespread that it has already adapted to different conditions and parameters.

minor photo of fish

Minor: How and what to feed?

The fish in question are undemanding and not capricious in terms of nutrition. There are a couple of important points to consider:

  1. Feed size Fish small and large particles simply can not capture.
  2. Balance Feed should be alternated. I think it is not necessary to explain how important this is for the health and harmonious development of pets.

Under natural conditions, the minors eat insects from the surface of the water and various small aquatic animals.

In captivity, you can give all kinds of food: live (daphnia, Cyclops, Artemia, crustaceans, bloodworms, small insects, Enchitreus), dry (granules, flakes), vegetable (spinach, duckweed, peristristum, dandelion leaves and lettuce).

MINOR: COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER FISH

Minor aquarium fish are considered good fishes for common aquariums, but this is not the case. Only if they live with large and fast fish. Fishes that are smaller than them will be the object of persecution and terror. The same can be said about slow fish with large fins. For example, cockerels or scalar. They will be constantly tugging at the fins until the fish gets sick or dies.

Good neighbors for them will be: danios, barbs, akantoftalmusy, antsistrusy.
In a group, the character of a minor is somewhat softened, since the hierarchy is built and attention is shifted to relatives. In this case, the males are satisfied with the view that they are fighting with each other, but do not hurt each other.

minor photo of fish

Minor: how to create conditions?

Ideal for minors are the conditions of the aquarium "tropical forest". What is required?

Long aquarium. Thirty-liter containers are quite acceptable, but the optimal volume is 10 liters for each fish from the flock. There must be a lid on top, since these heracin ones are pretty jumping.

Vegetation. In the aquarium should be both abundant thickets of plants and open space for swimming. It should be borne in mind that the Minors prefer the lower and middle layers of water.

Plants with roots are planted in the ground, and floating located on the surface of the water. Echinodorus, Javanese moss, cryptocorin, Thai fern will be quite appropriate.

Water parameters. The water itself should have a temperature of 22-26 ° C (and the fish can tolerate occasional lows well), a hardness of 4-8 degrees, an acidity of 6.8-7.

Filtration, aeration. Be sure to install a filter and aerator. Substitutions can be done weekly, removing and adding one fifth of the water. Hyphessobrycon minor feel great in peated water.

Lighting. The intensity of illumination is quite average.

Priming better to take a dark color. It may be sand or gravel. At the bottom put snags, which will decorate the home pond, and will serve as shelters for minors.

MINOR: SEX DIFFERENCES

Determine where the male and where the female in a minor is quite difficult. The most pronounced difference in the time before spawning. Males in minor are brighter, more slender and their back fin is completely black. In females it is paler, and they are fuller even when they are not ready for spawning.

minor photo of fish

MINOR: HABITATION IN NATURE

Minor or Serpas long-flipper (Hyphessobrycon eques, and previously Hyphessobrycon minor) was first described in 1882. It lives in South America, home to Paraguay, Brazil, and Guiana. A fairly common fish found in stagnant water, with a large number of plants: tributaries, ponds, small lakes. Keep near the surface of the water, where they feed on insects, their larvae and particles of plants. Minor live in flocks, but often arrange fights with each other and bite the fins.

What does a minor look like?

The size. These are quite small fish with a length from head to tail of no more than 4-5 cm and a life expectancy of about six years.

Structure. Their body is slender, high, compressed from the sides, and elongated in length. A distinctive feature of the minors is the dorsal fin: quadrangular, strictly vertical, sometimes strongly elongated.

Coloring. A dark longitudinal line is clearly visible across the body. From above, the fish is painted olive-brown with green color. Bottom (abdomen and sides) bright red. The space behind the gills and dorsal fin is covered with small dark spots.

minor photo of fish

Fin on the back is black, it may have a white border or just a tip, and the rest (except for fat, which is transparent) are monochromatic, rich red. The tail is heavily carved, its base has no scales on its body.

Minor females are not as bright as males, but larger and fuller. They are easily distinguished by swollen abdomen.VIDEO MINOR.

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Fish minor

The decoration of any aquarium will be gregarious fish minor. They are very funny, perky and funny, the appearance of these fish, their color and quick behavior will cheer up everyone who just decides to watch and relax. Contemplation of aquarium fish helps to pacify and calm after a hard day’s work.

Minor fish belongs to the Kharacin family, it can reach 3.5 cm in length, while its body is relatively tall with flattened sides. The color of the back is closer to the brownish color, but the sides are bright red, rich in color, has a characteristic dark spot in the gills.

The dorsal fin has a transition in color, it changes from a brown back to red, then darkens again to brown, and has a white border along the edge. All other fins are even red.

The male minor is a slender and nimble fish, but the female is noticeably fuller, its forms are not so clearly expressed and the behavior is more impressive.

Since these fish are schooling, it is recommended to keep at least three pairs of this breed in one aquarium. Otherwise, individual representatives can show very strong aggression and even attack the rest of the aquarium inhabitants.

Keep this breed is recommended in large and spacious aquariums. Minor love space. They are also very whimsical about the temperature of the water (not below +24 - +27) and the quality of its purity (they feel good only in perfectly clean water). The soil is suitable for all colors, but it must be made of small pebbles.

Aquarium minor fish do not impose special requirements on gardening aquarium; they feel well with lush algae as well as slender ones. The only thing you need to pay attention to the algae did not deprive Minor of space.

In order to keep the water for a long time of the required purity, it is possible to settle freshwater snails into the aquarium with minors, which have a very favorable effect on the overall climate of the aquarium. The compressor should work at least twice a day (in the morning and in the evening) for 20 minutes.

As for food, minors are less demanding than to their environment, they eat almost any kind of food, but they love daphnids very much. If you throw them right in the aquarium to the minors you can watch the interesting and exciting hunt of the minors for this kind of food.For variety and as a vitamin supplement, it is recommended a couple of times a month to add pre-boiled, cooled and very finely ground egg yolk to the main feed.

Due to their color and lively behavior, the minors are able to improve the mood of their master, thanking them for proper care and care.

Red Tetra or Minor Fish: Peculiarities of Content in an Aquarium

Among the large variety of aquarium fish, people prefer beautiful and unusual specimens. The rarest and most exotic species are found in remote corners of the planet, where nature creates ideal conditions for their existence. Among them, the minor is a small fish, which belongs to the family of Haracin and lives in the reservoirs of Brazil (from Guyana to the Paraguay River).

Description

Minor live and breed in the southern areas of the Amazon (South America). Their length reaches 5 centimeters. The body is elongated in length, and compressed at the sides. The back of the fish is painted in a brownish-olive color, the side has a rich red tint, a slight black spot can be observed behind the gill cover. The dorsal fin has a black contour at the edges, the tip of which remains white. Other fins are painted ruby ​​red.

Females are much denser than males and have less bright and saturated color. Aquarium fish minor has a different name - red tetra. These are schooling and peaceful representatives of the underwater world who love to swim in the lower water layers.

Features

Minor have a playful character and prefer to relax in dense thickets. Fish enter puberty by 8 months, but do not create steam. But in a single copy, a minor fish can become aggressive. She begins to hunt for smaller representatives or enter into a fight with calmer fish.

Red tetra is unpretentious in food: minors are happy to take any kind of feed. They can be offered live moths, artemia, daphnia, cyclop, dry gammarusa. The diet can include dry dandelion leaves, lettuce, spinach and duckweed. The best would be the alternation of these feeds.

Minor is an active fish, and therefore it needs a similar environment or fish that will be stress-resistant to its mobility. You can choose barbs, rasborov, catfish, placium, labo and iris.

Content

A flock of minors (5-6 individuals) can be kept in an aquarium that is 60 centimeters long. It is better to have live algae, thickets and floating plants in the tank, which will create shady places. They love to rest red tetra. But water accessories should not obstruct the free swimming place.

The unpretentious minor fish, the content of which is limited to the minimum comfort, prefers a weekly water change (at 25% of the total). The temperature in the aquarium should not be below + 22ºC. One fish should be about 10 liters of water. The water in the aquarium should be filtered.

For minors, it is better to pick up a dark ground, which is recommended to decorate with Thai ferns, Javanese moss and Echinodorus.

Fearful and sedentary fish can feel bad in the company of red tetra. And all because the Minors like to start fights and bite the long fins of their neighbors.

In good conditions and with the right content red tetra can live up to 6 years.

Breeding

For a minor fish to breed, it requires a spawning aquarium, the bottom of which covers an area of ​​700 square centimeters. The tank should contain a separator net, a small bush of small-leaved plants. Water temperature should be at least + 30ºC. Aquarium lighting should be dimmed, and the light itself - scattered. Fresh or ground water can be used for spawning.

In the prepared aquarium in the evening put the selected pair. As a rule, spawning begins in the morning and ends at sunrise. Mating sometimes takes several days. In the period of spawning a couple can not be fed. Only after mating the fish can give a small handful of small moths.

The female minor throws about 250 small eggs that have a grayish color. They sink to the bottom and settle in the thickets of plants. After spawning is completed, the separator grid and plants, from which the eggs are first shaken off, are removed from the aquarium. After this, the aquarium capacitance is dimmed so as to avoid direct rays of light.

Eggs are extremely sensitive to touch, so they should not be touched. The incubation period lasts about 30 hours. After 4-5 days the fry should swim. After that, the aquarium can include lighting and aeration.

Varieties

Minor - a fish, the photo of which is presented in various sources about the underwater world, can become unrecognizable. The fact is that minors can easily mate with similar species of fish. As a result, unusual specimens are obtained, the type of which can be determined only by an experienced aquarist. Some amateurs get voile and albino forms in aquariums.

Minor have the following varieties:

  • Hyphessobrycon serape.
  • Hyphessobrycon haraldschultzi.
  • Hyphessobrycon minor.

They differ in size black spot and the height of the body.

Red tetra is a real decoration of the aquarium. The playful nature of the fish, their exotic coloring is pleasing to the eye and uplifting.

Minor Fish

Minor fish belongs to the family of Haracin. It inhabits central and northern South America, as well as the Amazon River basin (Central Brazil and Paraguay). This fish prefers slow flowing and stagnant waters.

Color

Minor

The body of Minor is divided by a dark longitudinal stripe. The upper part of this fish has a brown-olive color with a greenish sheen. The tip of the dorsal fin is framed by a white border. All fins, not counting fat, are colored red.

The color of males is brighter than that of females. The content of minors in various conditions slightly wags on their color, since their color is quite stable.

Body shape

Minor fish have a tall, slender body that is compressed from the sides and elongated in length. A distinctive feature of these fish is a quadrangular dorsal fin, which can be largely extended in some individuals. The tail fin is heavily carved, and there are no scales on the body at the base. Minori females have a more rounded abdomen.

Content in an aquarium

Minor are peace-loving and gregarious fishes. However, in the absence of a group, certain fish may become aggressive towards other small fish. The maintenance of Minor usually occurs in the general aquarium in which it is necessary to have enough space for swimming, and also there must be plants and dense thickets. Aquarium for these fish requires a small volume of 30 liters. In most cases, the Minor are kept in the middle and lower layers of water.

In general, the aquarium fish minor is unpretentious in maintenance and does not need special care, with worsening conditions, they will lose their brightness, grow slower, live less, and also poorly prepared for reproduction.

Requirements

Minor fish must be kept in water with a temperature of 20 to 26 degrees Celsius, but they can easily tolerate periodic temperature drops. The acidity of water should be in the redistication of pH 6.8-7.0, and the hardness 4-8 °. The tank should be equipped with a filter, and the water should not be changed regularly.

Breeding

Spawning is a pair or group. For breeding minors, these water parameters will be favorable: water should be peat, water temperature from 24 to 28 degrees Celsius, KN ​​up to 2 °, pH 6.2-7. In the aquarium for breeding (volume from 6 to 7 liters) and water level from 10 to 15 centimeters mounted separator grid located at the bottom. It should be placed small-leaved plants, the stem of which will be elongated. Minor cultivation should occur in low and ambient light.

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