Harmony and peace in the aquarium
When choosing a fish to an aquarium, it is necessary to be guided not only by their visual appeal and ease of their maintenance at home, but also take into account the natural character and livability of the fish with their neighbors. Peace-loving fish are the best choice for aquarists of any level, do not deliver unnecessary trouble and grief to their owners.
Aquarium catfish are popular fish in almost any aquarium, in addition, some species also serve as a cleaner. These peaceful fish live in the bottom layer of water and are easy to maintain.Glass catfish
This catfish is another name "sucker" due to the unique structure of its mouth, which it clings to the walls of the aquarium or other objects, scrubbing them from dirty growths. The most popular types are: ordinary, star, super ed.
The most common fish of a peaceful nature include speckled catfish. Usually these aquarium fish keep flock at the bottom of the tank. Live in any water and unpretentious in the diet. Somiki are frequent inhabitants of aquariums due to their uncomplicated maintenance.
Unusual fish with a transparent body, very peaceful and calm. They are also called "phantom phantoms", reach a length of 7 cm. Somiks prefer to keep a flock, get along with small and peaceful fish.
The corridors are schooling peaceful fishes that get along well with medium-sized calm aquarium fish. The corridor stays at the bottom, digs the ground, so a soft substrate is used in the aquarium. It requires the presence of many shelters and dense thickets of plants.
The Kharacin family includes tropical freshwater fish with bright colors and a peaceful disposition. These fish are gregarious and do not require complex care.Neon
Small aquarium fish up to 5 cm in size. These gregarious and vibrant inhabitants of aquariums have many varieties and are distinguished by their calm character. The fish got its name due to the glowing neon strip on the body. Neons are prone to overeating and can choke on large-sized food.
The fish of ternation are distinguished both by their external attractiveness and by their calm character. Ternetia has a silver color with black transverse stripes on the sides. The fish reaches 4.5 cm in length. Compatible with small haracin, petillia and guppy. It is not recommended to keep it with veil fish.
These small fish have an elongated translucent silver body with a high back. Pristela has yellow spots on the front part of the body and fins; it is 5 cm in size. The studs are schooling and peaceful, live in the middle and lower layers of water.
Tetras - aquarium fish, having a size of 3-5 cm. There are a large number of their varieties: lemon, red-bearing, diamond, copper. Their peacefulness is manifested in the pack, but left alone, the tetra is able to show aggression even in relation to the large neighbors.
Representatives of the carp family live in freshwater bodies of Europe, Asia, Africa and North America. By the peace-loving and unpretentious carp include cardinals, danios, barbs. Goldfish have a more capricious disposition and more thorough care.Rasbory
These nimble schooling fish are in constant motion, watching them in the aquarium is a real pleasure. You should not keep them together with sedentary and veil fish. Golden barb is the most peaceful type.
These aquarium fish are small in size, peaceful and cute, they need a lot of free space for swimming. Danio is a schooling and mobile fish that love oxygen-rich water and light. It is necessary to cover the aquarium, as danios are bouncy and can fly out of the aquarium. Such types of danios such as rerio, pearl, pink, leopard are popular. Well side by side with small haracinov and labyrinth fish.
Cardinals are quite popular aquarium gregarious inhabitants. Well coexist with small fish calm. They grow up to 3 cm, have a cheerful disposition. They are important to have good lighting and a large space for free swimming. For their content fit a long container, the walls of which are planted plants.
One of the smallest aquarium fish, rasbory still called "micro-assemblies." Their sizes reach 2 cm, and the red longitudinal stripes on the fins are the distinctive external sign of the males. Rasbory get along well with small peace-loving fish.
The labyrinth group includes fish with a special structure of the body and in need of atmospheric air. Liliius, macropods, cockerels and gourays are widely known.Gourami
Beautiful labyrinth fish with exquisite appearance. The males show their fighting qualities of character mainly with their relatives, but they get along well with others. Fish undemanding to care, but they love clean water.
Gourami have an amazing property to breathe atmospheric air due to the nadzhaberny body. Marble gouras were bred by breeders due to the crossing of blue and spotted species. Gouras move slowly and majestically, watching their pacifying movements calm their owner after a busy day.
Fish from the cichl family are rather large and brightly colored inhabitants of aquariums. Most of their varieties are considered to be aggressive and fighting fish. But among them there are several representatives, differing more or less calm temper. It is only necessary to take into account their territorial nature and to provide an aquarium with shelters for these fish.Cychlasma
This Malawian cichlid is recognized as one of the most beautiful aquarium fish due to its extraordinary color scheme. The tireless work of breeders added new decorative representatives to the range of avonokar. Types of "red ruby", "orchid", "multicolor" are a clear confirmation of this. By nature, aulonokara is peaceful and gets along well with other non-conflicting Malawians.
Blue dolphins are beautiful and peaceful aquarium cichlids. Painted in blue and have a characteristic fatty growth on the forehead, which increases with their age. Caviar is bred in the mouth, it lives up to 8 years in good conditions. The dolphin has a good compatibility with catfish, barbs, aulonocara and other peaceful cichlids.
The aquarium fish tsikhlazoma or false discus is a fairly peaceful creature, but it requires a large amount of space. Tsichlazoma grows up to 20-30 cm and is one of the most popular members of the cichl family in aquariums. She swims in the middle layer of water, independently chooses a pair as she grows up.
The family of the pesilius includes more than 300 species of viviparous fishes living in the countries of South and North America. Most petsilievyh are sharing with a bright interesting color.Guppy
Peaceful viviparous fish, painted in yellow-brown color. There are 2 dark specks on the tail of the patchillia. Percylia are able to survive in hard water and are quite prolific.
Coral-colored fishes with characteristic long lower rays of the caudal fin, resembling a sword. These viviparous aquarium creatures can easily interbreed with the partilias, but unlike them, the swordtails are more lively.
These are viviparous fishes, unpretentious to the conditions of their maintenance and rapidly breeding. The females are larger, and the males are distinguished by a brighter coloration and veiled fins. Like most viviparous fish, guppies are peaceful and calm, have excellent compatibility with many small-sized aquarium fish.
Other peace-loving fish
In addition to these types of aquarium fish, there are many other equally interesting and peace-loving inhabitants of the aquatic world. The main thing is to create proper care for them and provide comfortable conditions.Argus
The argus or skatofagus fish has a peaceful disposition, despite its large size, reaching 20 cm. Scatophagus has a spotted color, where there are small shiny specks on a silvery body. Argus have the feature to eat all the dirt and sewage in the aquarium, while living up to 20 years.
Ctenopoma - aquarium representatives, combining beautiful colors with a peaceful character. Due to the peculiarities of the structure and color, the ctenopoma successfully disguises itself from the pursuit of predators. Ctenopoma have a timid temper, hiding in the thickets and live in the lower layer of water.
Fish, like other living creatures, have a need for personal territory, which they carefully guard. Therefore, the larger the aquarium and the number of different shelters for pets in it, the freer and more comfortable the aquarium inhabitants will feel in it. However, we should not forget that during the spawning period, even the most peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium, due to their natural inclinations, can desperately protect and show aggression, protecting their offspring, at such time they are better to be spawned.
Peace-loving fish in an aquarium will give their owner a relaxing effect and will give you inner peace. A person can be calm for the life of fish and the atmosphere in his aquarium due to the good nature of their pets.
Peace-loving aquarium fish
Aquarium is, first of all, harmony. A person wants to relax as much as possible, to find inner peace and tranquility, relaxing while observing the life of aquatic inhabitants.
Therefore, it is important that your water world is inhabited by peace-loving aquarium fish, and not aggressive individuals who are not able to coexist side by side with other species of aquarium fish.
In an effort to populate their aquarium, amateur beginners do not think that compatibility is an important factor when choosing fish. But many predatory fish are dangerous not only for members of another family, but also for their own species.
To make it easier for you to navigate in a huge variety of aquarium dwellers, let us tell which of them are peace-loving fish.
Characzae is a family living in tropical and equatorial aquatic areas. This is a schooling freshwater peace-loving fish that have a bright color and do not require special care. But it must be borne in mind that in this family not only the herbivorous species is enough, but also many predatory species (for example, piranhas).
A characteristic feature of these fish is the presence of a fat fin on the upper tail.
There are over a thousand species of fish in this family. Let's get acquainted with some of them.
- Pristella (Pristella maxilaris) - peace-loving fish with an elongated body, high back and flat sides. The color is interesting: the body is translucent, silvery, gleaming from olive to yellowish-green. On the front of the body is a yellow spot. The same spots are on the fins (dorsal, anal and ventral). In the spinal and anal - on the tips of the white color, at the base they are yellow. The tail fin is orange. Length 3 - 5 cm, females look larger, with thickened abdomens.
These fish are best kept in a flock of 7 - 15 individuals. They usually live in the middle and bottom layers, when the water temperature is 20 - 26 ° C, pH 6 - 7.5, dН is not higher than 20 °. Despite the abundance of plants, you need to create conditions for free swimming in the aquarium.
Feeding special troubles does not cause, if only the food was suitable in size.
- Neon Fish - small, bright, schooling peace-loving fish, 3 - 5 cm. Depending on the color, there are different types (ordinary, red, black, blue). They got their name, thanks to a shiny, glowing, like neon, strip running along the body. The fins are transparent, the body is elongated, compressed from the sides.
They live closer to the bottom. Moreover, the more unsightly the color of the soil, the more noticeable the unusual coloring of these peaceful aquarium fish.
Temperature, stiffness and pH vary, depending on the variety. For example, the usual neon temperature should be 21 - 25 ° C, dН 6 - 10 °, and pH: 6 - 7.
Neons can choke with large food, moreover, they are prone to overeating, which can lead to the death of fish.
- Tetras - peaceful schooling fish, usually 3 - 5 cm in length. Depending on the shapes and colors - a large number of varieties (copper, gold, diamond, red-bearing, lemon, firefly, etc.). Males are brighter than females.
They behave peacefully only in a flock. Left alone, even larger neighbors will attack.
The temperature of tetra content is 22 - 26 ° С, systematic filtration and water purity.
In food, these fish are also not choosy.
- Danio - subfamily in the carp family living in South Asia.
Small, mobile, elongated fish with bright colors. The most common peace-loving aquarium fish are zebrafish, Malabar zebrafish and zebrafish albino-neatus. They have a similar structure and lifestyle. The most popular fish is zebrafish, in common "ladies' stocking". They reach sizes up to 8 cm. The main color is silver, with bright blue and yellow stripes. The belly of the females is thicker than that of the males. The tail and anal fins are also with longitudinal stripes, the rest are whitish-yellow, on the dorsal fin there is a dark strip at the back at the end.
In the content they are unpretentious, the water temperature, on average, 21 - 25 ° C. In the aquarium should be a lot of plants with a free area for swimming.
The best food - live cyclops and daphnia. In addition to live food, you can diversify their menu with dry food.
These are just some types of peace-loving fish. Another list can be added: goldfish, swordtails, guppies, mollies, gourami, almost all types of catfish.
TOP yellow aquarium fish
Yellow aquarium fish will give saturation to your aquarium. There are species that the wild nature has endowed with a yellow body color, other fish were bred as a result of selection work. Nowadays, you can buy both freshwater and marine fish with a yellow color, so the choice is wide.
Yellow freshwater fish
Labidochromis yellow (yellow) is a beautiful aquarium fish of the Cichlid family (from Malawi). In captivity can grow in size from 8 to 12 cm. At labidochromis, the body is elongated, flattened on either side. Scale color is yellow; there is a horizontal black stripe on the dorsal fin. The abdominal and anal fins are black. The tail is translucent with black spots. There are instances with a completely yellow body. Keep the fish better in a pair or several pairs in a spacious aquarium (100 liters for two individuals). The fish has a livable nature, so both calm and active fish can become its neighbors. Young labidochromis are grayish-yellow. Life expectancy is 10 years.
Yellow mollies - light-loving aquarium fish. Body color is rich yellow, dark spots can be found on fins. In length, the fish grows no more than 5 cm. Some individuals may have a greenish or malachite outflow of scales. There is no albinism among the yellow mollies. The fish have dark eyes with silver iris around the pupils. Fry of yellow species have a dark color. You need to keep the fish in a tropical aquarium with a water temperature of 24-27 o C, you can a small flock. Get on with peaceful fish of small size.
Girinoheylus - aquarium fish that reaches the size of 15-25 cm in length. Belongs to the carp family, the second name is the Chinese seaweed. Thanks to the suction mouth, the girinoheylus scrapes off the algal fouling. It is believed that this is an aggressive look, so it can engage in fights with its kindred. They are usually kept alone, or in the company of other fish, but in a very spacious tank. Externally, the fish looks elegant - the body of elongated symmetry, the color is golden yellow. The eyes are large, black with gold rims. Girinoheylus eat only vegetable food - plants, algae and vegetables.
See how the girinoheylus fights with platydhoras.
Yellow, or gold ancistrus - beautiful fish for the aquarium, which bring good luck. Can grow up to 15 cm in length. The mouth has a pair of antennae. The head is large, the eyes are black with golden irises. Lead a bottom life. Due to the relatively large size, it is better to keep the fish with proportionate relatives, or with larger fish. Small fish can be taken as food. Antsistrus brings benefits to the aquarium - cleans the glass of the tank, plants and decorations from algal fouling.
Barbus Schubert is a carp fish from the freshwater rivers of Southeast Asia. The body length is 5-7 cm. The body has a brilliant yellow tint. There are black horizontal stripes on the body, and a horizontal strip with an orange tint on the bottom of the body. On the body can be randomly scattered black spots. Fins are brownish-orange, two-blade tail fin. Males have a brighter color. The body is dense, flattened on the sides. Schooling view, it is better to contain 8-10 individuals in a spacious tank. Эти барбусы являются мирными рыбками, поэтому их можно содержать с соседями соразмерными, и спокойными.
Желтый попугай - искусственно выведенная цихлида. Тело округлое, бочкообразное, губы большие, окрас ярко-желтый, однотонный. Body size - up to 20 cm in length, life expectancy - 10 years. The fins are small, strong body. But the spine is deformed, which affects the ability to swim. With age, body color turns pale. It has a playful, peaceful and friendly character. Parrot fish rarely spawn, and it is barren, although the male and female will care for it until they eat it.
Yellow sea fish
Zebra yellow - a sea fish, belongs to the Surgical family. The length of the body is 20 cm. The fish is distinguished by its active behavior and unpretentious content. Body color is lemon yellow, eyes are large. Caudal fin single-blade, small. Swims in the bottom layers of the aquarium, in the ground looking for food. When it darkens in the aquarium, a brownish stain appears on the body with a white line. In the daytime, this stain disappears. There are instances of albinos. Males are slightly larger than females, although sex differences are barely noticeable. The fry are also yellow.
Take a look at the zebra yellow.
Centropig yellow - a fish originally from the Pacific Ocean. The color is golden yellow, horizontal blue stripes are found on the fins. Behind the eye there is a vague blue spot, the lower lip is also blue in color. The maximum body size is 10 cm in length. In the wild, centropigi live in harem groups of 4-6 individuals. Adult fish feed on sponges and algae, young - on plankton. In captivity they adapt well, it is recommended to settle in aquariums with a volume of 80 liters or more. The water temperature is 24-26 degrees Celsius, pH 8.0-8.4. It is better to lodge an adult centropig alone in an aquarium, and young animals should be kept in a group.
The three-spotted apolemicht is an aquarium fish originally from the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body color is lemon yellow, anal fin is white with black edging, on the head there are several black spots, lips are blue-blue color. The maximum body size is 25 cm. Apolemicht lives alone in nature, feeding on sponges and invertebrates. He lives in captivity for a long time - up to 25 years, so such a pet needs to ensure the most comfortable conditions of detention. The water temperature in the aquarium is 23-26 degrees Celsius, the pH is 8.1-8.4. It is not recommended to keep in reef aquariums, as they damage corals. Apolemichts cannot be kept in pairs, or with related species. It is recommended to settle with large crustaceans. The basis of the food diet consists of sponges and algae, shrimp, artemia and plants.
School aquarium fish: types and brief description
There are aquarian inhabitants who feel great and look great in pairs or even in one copy. And there are those who are better to keep in groups. Packs can be simple, in which all the fish are equal and the leader, depending on the situation, can be any, or hierarchical with a permanent leader and participants who clearly know their place. The pack has its own advantages: the fish are better protected from enemies, it is more convenient for them to eat, they are less nervous and, finally, they look very advantageous. Let's briefly consider the main types of schooling aquarium fish, for convenience, arranged in alphabetical order.
This species is most common among others. Recognize Sumatrans easy. Outwardly, they resemble the crucian. Very mobile. Grow up to 4-6 cm. The body is quite tall and short. On a yellowish or silver background, four black stripes, the first passes through the eye, the latter is located at the tail. The brightness of the color depends on the background of the soil. Live 3-4 years. An aquarium for them needs at least 50 liters. The optimal size of the pack is 6-8 pieces.
- Barbus Schubert
In nature, this species is not found. For the first time it was brought out and described by the American Tom Schubert. In popularity, these barbs are not far behind the previous ones. They have a beautiful golden color with a lemon, red or orange tint. A greenish strip with dark specks crosses the body along the body. Fishes are peaceful, livable and active. They need an aquarium of 100 liters, better extended in length. The optimal group of 10 individuals.
- Cherry barbus
His homeland is considered the island of Sri Lanka in southeast Asia. Reservoirs where it can be found, have standing or slowly flowing water and a lot of silt at the bottom. Europe saw these fish in 1936, and the USSR only in 1959. Their five-centimeter body is elongated, and the back is arched. The color is greenish brown, the sides are crimson-red or yellowish with a longitudinal dark stripe. The fins are red or transparent. The iris of the eye in the upper part has a spectacular red stripe. There is a pair of antennae. By nature calm, but a little shy. Contain them in a flock of 6 individuals.
- Barbus denison
Otherwise, it is also called the red comet. Homeland fish - South India. In reservoirs habitual for these barbs, there is a rocky bottom, a lot of plants and oxygen. Denison are very beautiful, but also quite demanding of conditions. Their body is long, resembles a torpedo. Its length reaches 9-11 cm. The color is bright, on a silver background there are two contrasting bands on each side: one is black long and the second is red short. On the tail there are yellow and black lines. Kaemka dorsal fin alay. They live about five years. They need at least a 200-liter aquarium. The number of groups of at least 7 individuals.
- Barbus shark
Shark it is called for size, body shape and high fin on the back. The character of this barb is peaceful and even mild and fearful. These "sharks" are natives of southeast Asia and Thailand, inhabiting fast-flowing rivers and streams. Their bodies are oblong, up to 35 cm in length. The eyes are large. The color is silvery, darker on the back. Fins and tail are white-yellow with black edging. It is better to keep in a group of at least 5 individuals.
- Barbus oligolepis
It is also called the island barbel. These are bright, five-centimeter small fish with big eyes and two pairs of antennae. The body is greenish-silver with large scales. The back is darker than the belly. Each scale has a black spot. Together they form an original chess pattern. Males have fins red with black edging, while females are transparent. Fish are recommended to be settled in a group of at least 6-8 individuals. Even a small aquarium of 25-30 liters will suit these babies.
- Barbus Butterfly (moth)
These crumbs do not grow more than 3-3.5 cm. They have a long yellow or brownish little body with a dark back and a light belly. The sides are decorated with dark spots. All fins are yellow, and the dorsal and caudal borders are additionally framed by a black edging. In an aquarium with a front wall length of 1 meter, you can contain from 10 to 20 of these babies.
In addition to the types of barbs considered, there are also black, green, alloplavnichkovye, fiery, etc. All of them are also flocks, but are less common now, so we will not dwell on them.
- Bolivian butterfly
In nature, it can be found in South America in the Orinoco River Basin. These are bright 8-centimeter small fishes with a high body and a large head. The background of the body is grayish-olive. The spot on the side, the upper parts of the rays of the dorsal fin and the oblique strip passing through the eye are black. The edges of the median fins are edged in red. Males are larger, brighter, have elongated fins on the back and near the tail. The nature of butterflies is peaceful. Plants they do not spoil. In a 70 l aquarium, you can comfortably arrange a flock of 8-10 fish.
In nature, lives in Brazil and South America. Very calm and leisurely fish with a fancy disc-shaped body shape. The head and mouth are small. Eyes bulging, iris red. They grow up to 15 cm. A lot of their color variations were derived using selection. Keep better in a large, deep species aquarium with warm water.
These fish have interesting habits, a way of breeding, caring for offspring, and also they are unpretentious and do not spoil the plants. Their whole life is closely connected with the shells of mollusks, where they find shelter in case of danger and lay their eggs during the breeding season. Bright appearance, they can not boast. Depending on the type, sizes vary from 2 to 10 cm. It is recommended to keep 8-10 pieces in a 90-120-liter aquarium.
- Motley parrot
These are medium-sized fish (approximately 10 cm) with a powerful elongated body and variegated color. On the silver-yellowish with a purple tint torso is a long longitudinal band. The anal fin has a large bright red spot. The fin on the back is dark gray with a silver border. The upper part of the tail is pink with a pair of dark spots, and the lower part is grayish-purple. Fins on the abdomen red. In a 100-liter aquarium, you can comfortably accommodate 8-9 parrots.
- Scalar vulgaris
Very beautiful and elegant fish, sometimes called "angel fish". It is optimal to contain in the amount of 4-6 pieces in the aquarium at least 40 liters. It can grow up to 15 cm. It has a diamond-shaped body, whose height exceeds the length. Abdominal fins are filiform. On the back and near the tail, they are distinguished by a large width, length and perpendicular to the body. At the tail, the extreme rays are elongated. The classic color is silver-white with four transverse stripes in black. But there are also artificially derived variations: white, gold, leopard, marble and others. There is also a veil form.
No wonder she is called the queen of Tanganyika. The impressive size (up to 35 cm) and the original color (alternation of white, blue and black stripes) will not leave it invisible even among other bright fish. You can keep a group of 4 individuals, but better from 8-12, and in the species aquarium. The capacity required is huge and spacious.
His homeland is Lake Tanganyika. It grows up to 11 cm. Coloring can vary greatly. Males are most often of a honey tint with bluish neon inlays and bright fins (blue, turquoise, blue, striped). Body and head elongated. Very small scales. Crescent-shaped tail. Fins on the back and abdomen long, rounded. For flocks need an aquarium from 150 liters with a front wall of at least 1 meter.
- Danio rerio
This is a small (5-6 cm) graceful fish. Very peaceful and unpretentious. Contain in groups of 5-6 pieces. This number fits perfectly even in a five-liter aquarium. The main thing is to exceed its height. The body of the fish is narrow with the original striped color: the longitudinal yellow (sometimes with green) stripes alternate with blue-black. This drawing captures the entire body, including the fins. There is a veil form.
These 2.5-3-centimeter kids are absolutely unpretentious. They do not need a large aquarium. They are well tolerated being in cold water, so in the summer they can be kept even in a private pond in the yard. Add to this that they are non-aggressive, easy to breed and have a bright color. It is recommended to keep flocks of 6 pieces.
The distinctive features of this fish are the shape of the body that resembles an ax, which is why it was called a tongue-and-tongue. As well as the original way of feeding: the fish jumps high out of the water for prey, using fins like wings. Pretty shy. Feel better in a group of 6 or more fish.
- Bricin dlinnoplavnichkovy
It has a long and flattened laterally body, the shape resembling an ellipse. Its length is not more than 12 cm. The tail consists of two blades. There is a fat fin. The back is gray-brown, the sides are olive or yellow-green, and the belly is pinkish. On a tail stalk and a tail a black strip. The iris of the eye is red and shiny above. The fins of some individuals are grayish-yellow, others are reddish. The nature of the fish is peaceful, timid. They move a lot and are very jumping. Contain a flock in an aquarium with a front wall length of at least 1 meter.
They are schooling, peace-loving, mobile and shy small (up to 3.5-4 cm) fish. Contain a group of 10 individuals. Categorically you can not sit down them to large fish, as defenseless neons will be eaten. There are several varieties of them:
- Blue or ordinary. The back is dark olive, under it is a bright blue neon band across the whole body, even lower - red from the middle to the tail, the bottom is silver-white. All fins are colorless.
- Green or catholic. Greenish-silver fish with olive back and whitish belly. The side line is duplicated by a greenish stripe. At the base of the tail is a dark spot, and above it is a golden "flashlight". Fins do not have color. Anal rimmed with white.
- Red. It looks like neon ordinary, but the bottom of the body is red.
A native of South America. A little shy and herbivorous. In nature it grows up to 15 cm, in captivity it is somewhat less. It is better to keep in a specific aquarium with a group of 6 pieces. Volume not less than 200 l.
- Petitella geography
This representative of the family of Haracinaids in nature can be found in the upper reaches of the Amazon River. She is slim, painted in silver color. The back has a bluish tint, and the head is reddish. The tail is white with three black stripes. Other fins of females are transparent, while males are red. The maximum size of fish is 5-6 cm. In a 50-liter aquarium, 7-9 fish can be kept.
Very beautiful fish. Her body is tall and flat, silver. It grows up to 5 cm. A pair of vertical dark stripes on the body, as well as a wide black anal fin, resembling a skirt, are considered distinctive features of a thorn. The fin on the back is also black, and the others are colorless. In addition to this classic form, there is also a voileus, albino and artificially colored "caramel". The minimum amount for the content - 7 pieces.
There are a lot of species of this fish. Dimensions range from 2 to 7 cm. The shape of the body also varies from elongated to almost diamond-shaped. What to say about the variety of colors! The most popular representatives of this species are:
- Golden Color gold. The head and tail have bright spots. The side line is dark green.
- Copper or Hasemania. The body is copper. The side line is silver. The tips of the fins are milky.
- Royal or Palmer. Brown or olive back. Yellowish white belly. Dark stripe along the body. Fins are translucent pointed.
There are many others: background Rio, flashlight, firefly, rhodostomus, Colombian, mirror and others. For all recommended schooling content of 10-12 pieces. Alone, these fish become aggressive and annoying.
His second name is red or bloody tetra. It was imported from Brazil and Paraguay. The body is slim. Appearance is quite memorable. The upper part of the body is olive brown with green tint, the bottom is bright red. A dark band passes along the body. Gill covers and dorsal fin may have small specks. The fins are red, there may be a white rim on the dorsal. A distinctive feature of the species is a quadrangular standing fin on the back, often elongated. Its base has no scales. They contain a flock in a specific or general aquarium.
In nature, inhabits the waters of the island of Madagascar. Her body is elegant, long, oblong with a small head and a forked dorsal fin. The eyes are large. The color is silver or olive-yellow with a lilac gleam and a longitudinal black stripe. Males are much brighter and their fins are bright red, while females do not have colors. The length of the fish is on average 12 cm. It is best to keep them at 8-10 pieces in a species aquarium with tropical conditions. The amount of "pot" for such a flock of at least 100 liters.
- Botsii clown
Her homeland is south-east Asia, Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra). These are very beautiful, active and rather large fish (20-25 cm). They are considered long-lived. In the aquarium can live up to 20 years with good care. Keeping them alone is not possible, because they die outside the pack. The body of the clowns is long, flattened from the sides. Mouth downwards has 4 pairs of antennae. Under the eyes there are thorns that protect the fighting from enemies. The main body background is yellow-orange. Three broad black lines are clearly visible: through the eye, in front of the fin on the back and after it. As they grow older, the color of the fish fades a little. Keep better in a 200-liter (this is the minimum volume) aquarium.
- Corridor catfish
Everybody knows these small, mobile, cute fish, especially the speckled and golden catfish. They live at the bottom. Constantly in search of food, at the same time cleaning the aquarium. Very easy to maintain, tolerate a wide range of conditions. Feel better surrounded by relatives, and it is more interesting to watch them.
Mature red-bellied piranhas, which are most often kept in the aquarium by lovers of the exotic, look very impressive. Steel back, silver body and bright red belly, throat and anal fin. Keep them recommend flocks of at least 4 individuals. But we must be prepared for the fact that they have a strict hierarchy and there are cases of cannibalism. They can grow up to 30 cm. So the aquarium will need a very large one.
In the color of these fish there are a variety of colors and their most breathtaking combinations. The fish are especially beautiful in the morning. It is very important to remember that any stress and deterioration of conditions leads to the fact that the fish turns into silver-gray. At the same time you need to keep at least 6 fish together.
- Rasbor wedge
Mobile, unpretentious, not very large (up to 5 cm), peaceful, beautiful - all this is about them. With a long and rather high body, flattened laterally. The transition to the tail is sharp. The tail itself has a deep notch. Фон тела может быть серебристым с рыжеватым или розовым отливом либо золотистым. Отличительная особенность - это большое клиновидное черное пятно в нижней части тела, за что расбора и получила свое название. По этому пятну можно определить пол. У самок оно размытое, а у самцов имеет острые углы.It is recommended to keep a large flock of 10-15 individuals in an aquarium of 50 liters.
- Rainbow Hemigrammopetters
Freshwater fish growing to about 6 cm. The body is long, flat, rather high. The fin on the back is long, crescent. There is a fat fin. The color is transparent, yellowish-gray, cast in green, blue or gold. Fins are yellowish. Along the body passes a dark stripe, bordered by white. The character of peace. Contained a flock in a spacious aquarium.
In captivity they grow up to 8 cm, so an aquarium for a Congo pack needs a spacious one. The males of these fish are bright green with a ribbon-like protrusion on the tail and a dorsal fin in the form of a pigtail. Females are yellowish brown with transparent or yellowish fins. The scales are large.
In conclusion, let us give advice: it is better to have fewer different fish, but more specimens of the same species. It is completely undesirable to keep pairs of schooling fish, because they will wither away from stress and will die prematurely or turn into arrogant individualists.
We tried to cover and briefly describe as many schooling fish as possible, but, of course, not all were included in our list, and this is impossible in one article. That's why if you have something to add or share experience, we will be happy.
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
Getting a pet store, the newcomer is just lost - so many fish, they all like it in their own way, I want to settle in the new aquarium as many handsome men as possible. But the choice of neighbors has its own subtleties. Let's consider how aquarium fish are compatible with each other.
The species compatibility table clearly shows which animals are fully compatible with each other, incompatible, or partially compatible under certain conditions. Consider the principles on which the table is built.
- Conditions should be well suited for all inhabitants of the aquarium.
- You can not put together a predator and prey.
- Type of aquarium fish with a calm and sluggish nature should not coexist with fast and active fish. They'll starve and get stressed.
- The inhabitants of the aquarium should be proportionate. Even the most peaceful fish will eat everyone who fits into her mouth.
- Some fish show aggression and can attack both neighbors and members of their own species. It is necessary to take into account the particular behavior.
- One type of aquarium fish can not live without a flock of their own kind, the other - without a pair, and the third prefers loneliness. This should not be forgotten if you want to avoid fights or stress.
So, consider what types of aquarium fish are, some aspects of their content and compatibility. In one article it is impossible to describe all types of fish, so we will focus on the most popular representatives and the general characteristics of groups.
Apistogram dwarf cichlids are popular species of aquarium fish. Photos show that these little fish look like bright tropical butterflies. Apistograms do not need a large amount of aquarium, plants do not damage and are quite calm. They can be kept with other peaceful fish - sword-bearers, patzilia, guppies, mollies, neons, rassets, tetras, small catfish, barbs. But small shrimp will be happy to eat even dwarf cichlids. Males apistogramm in a small aquarium will be aggressive to each other, so you can keep a couple or a harem.
Another popular type of aquarium fish is the scalar. These fish are also thermophilic, do not destroy plants. But they will eat up all the small neighbors (neon, rasbor), and the aggressive fish will cut off their beautiful long fins (crests, denison, many types of barbs). For these reasons, the list of neighbors is small - unhurried gourami, mollies, petilles, cherry barbs, some soma.
The kings of the freshwater aquarium - the discus - are very demanding to the conditions and nutrition of the fish. In addition, the preferred high temperature - 28-31 ° C. Far from all plants and animals can withstand such heat. They are compatible with discus: catfish tarakatum, clown combat, Ramirezi's apistogram, red-bearing tetra, red neons. Discus gentle fish, prone to stress and various diseases, so it is better to abandon any neighbors.
As for other types of cichlids, such as the parrot, handsome chromis, labidochromis ellou, black-striped cichlid, astronotus and others, it is difficult to pick up the neighbors. These fish are territorial, aggressive, they need shelter. They dig the ground, pull out all the plants. Two males in a small volume will constantly conflict, so you can keep them in pairs or harems, with other active fish, able to stand up for themselves. They are compatible only with other cichlids, and because of intraspecific aggression, it is better to choose neighbors with a different color.
That viviparous most often become the first pets beginners. Sword-bearers, mollies, platies, aquarium guppy fish. All types of viviparous are unpretentious in content, not aggressive, easily get along with other types of peaceful fish. In addition, a huge number of varieties and colors viviparous. More than 80 species of guppies, dozens of species of placiums, mollies, swordtails differ not only in coloring, but also in the shape of the body and fins.
Of course, in the content of viviparous there are some subtleties. Males of swordtails can be aggressive, therefore they do not recommend settling several males in one aquarium. And guppies can provoke barbs, thorns, angelfish, some gourams with their bright long tails.
Guppies - the smallest of viviparous, but larger molly, placium and swordfish can be settled with scalars, gourami, barbs. Neon, rasbora, cardinals, tarakatum, speckled catfish, corridors will be good neighbors for all.
Suitable for beginners and labyrinth aquarium fish. Species of these fish are remarkable in that they need atmospheric air for breathing. Some labyrinths are pretty jumping, so the aquarium should be covered with a lid, but with an obligatory gap. In the aquarium should be a lot of plants and shelters.
Males of males and macropods are very aggressive towards other males of their own species, therefore they need to be maintained by a harem. Conflicts between males will be with gourami, lyalius. They need a spacious aquarium and several females. All types of labyrinth females also need shelter in order to hide from harassment during spawning.
Despite the intraspecific aggression, the labyrinths get along well with other peaceful fish - swordtails, petillia, mollies, neons, rassets, zebrafish, cherry barbs, antsistrus, cardinals, speckled catfish. You can not settle with fish that love to tear off fins - barbs and ternitsemi.
It is not easy even to list all the types and names of aquarium fish of the Haracin family. They are quite different from each other - this is the well-known neon, tetra, and Khujet's rare pikes, predatory piranhas, flying blazer-belly, and huge black pacu.
Tetras, phantoms, congos, ternas are very active, peaceful fish of medium and small size. They live in flocks, so do not purchase less than 7-10 individuals. Black neighbors, tarakatums, lyalius, speckled catfish, danios, cardinals, viviparous can be neighbors for them. Some tetras like to tear off other fins to other fish, so they need to be carefully kept with their tail fin.
Black, red and blue neons are peaceful little fishes. They need to settle with a flock of 15 individuals. Because of their small size, large fish are dangerous for neons, it is better to give preference to smaller and non-predatory neighbors - rasboram, small haratsinovym, apistogramma, clipped belly, viviparous, cardinals, iris, barbs.
Botsiya-clown, tiger and marble combat - large and very active fish. They prefer to live in a flock of 5 individuals. Get along well with other peaceful fish of medium and large sizes. They can tear off the veil fins. They eat plants and snails.
Botsi stay mostly at the bottom, occasionally rising in the middle layers of water. Therefore, it is better to supplement their company with fish that live in the upper layers. Good neighbors for fighting can be barbs, angelfish, danios, gourami, viviparous, rasbor, iris, labo, tetra.
Cherry barb is the most peaceful type of aquarium fish among its relatives. It will easily get along with small fish, but large and predatory neighbors can easily offend him. They contain a barb by a flock of 5 individuals, in the company of neons, rasbor, cardinals, danios, corridors.
As for the other types of barbs - Sumatran, fire, mutants, they are known as hooligans and bullies. Active fish that will not be offended will approach them as neighbors - danio rerio, ternets, congas, tetras, tarakatums, speckled catfish, cardinals. Fish that have long fins that will annoy barbecues - goslings, hyalus, will not work.
Danio - active small aquarium fish. Compatibility of species - the table shows that due to its size and peaceful nature, danios get along well with many fish. To keep them you need flocks of at least 5 individuals.
The list of good neighbors for danios is really extensive - viviparous, cockerels, angelfish, gourami, fighters, iris, rasbor, labo, tetra. All peaceful fish of small and medium size, which will not offend danios, are suitable.
Labo bicolor is often recommended as a calm fish for a common aquarium. But it is not. The young labo will be shy and shy, but an adult will begin to protect its territory and attack fish that resemble their relatives. Several laboos will invariably conflict. Fast fish that live in the upper layers of water - danios, thorns, barbs, can live with him. Green Labo will also be able to temper his aggressiveness if he has his own territory and shelter, which he will defend.
It occurs in our zoomagin and black labo. This fish does not tolerate their relatives, aggressive and territorial. It grows up to 80 cm in length and needs a large volume aquarium. It can live with large fish, for example, with the red-tailed catfish. But conflicts are not excluded.
Another pets for beginners - goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common. If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids. But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat. And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.
Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together. Who do goldfish can get along with? Aquarium species of calm catfish - the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras - Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine. There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
The bottom is occupied by aquarium fish - catfish. Types of catfish are very diverse, they differ both in size and behavior. Consider the most common.
Shy platydoras will surely eat all the fish that fit into his mouth. Therefore, it can only be maintained with large fish, for example, cichlids.
Most often in an aquarium live ancistrus. Several antsistrusov can be kept only under the condition of a large aquarium, these fish are territorial. But to other species they are not aggressive, and very few people touch them either.
The corridors are another popular catfish species. They are kept in a group of at least 3 individuals, if they are eaten by space - 10-15. Fish are peaceful, but their large fish can eat. Ideal neighbors for corridors are tetras, rasbaras, danios, viviparins, dwarf cichlids. They do not like water with a temperature above 25 degrees, so it is not suitable for content with thermophilic species.
Tarakatum has a peace-loving nature and can coexist with peaceful fish and even with other catfish.
Red-tailed catfish can often be seen in pet stores, but this fish is not suitable for a common aquarium, as it grows very large - up to a meter, and simply eat all the inhabitants. It can live with commensurate fish, but the aquarium for a group of such large fish must be very large - from 1000 liters.
Glass catfish is well suited for a general aquarium, it can live with commensurate and small fish - neon, ramming, small gurus, Ramirezi apistogram, catfish. Large fish are dangerous for this peaceful catfish.
Pterigoplichts grow large, so neighbors must be matched - large cichlids, giant gourami, fish knives, polypteruses.
Aquarium fish: species compatibility :: cockerel aquarium fish compatibility :: Aquarium fish
Aquarium fish: species compatibility
In the maintenance and breeding of aquarium fish has its own special nuances and nuances. This should know everyone who is going to get a new "pets" - aquarium fish. Knowledge of what ornamental fish eat will not be enough. A huge role in the content of these creatures plays the compatibility of their species.
The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers
Compatibility of aquarium fish in their habitat
This is perhaps one of the most important aspects of proper and healthy keeping fish at home. It is important to know that not all fish can exist only in brackish water or only in fresh water, but most of them still prefer fresh water: goldfish, guppies, roosters, pink danios, etc. By the way, here we should also include a certain temperature regime, which is optimal for certain fish.
Compatibility of aquarium fish by their temperament
This is another important criterion for friendly neighborhood. In no case can not keep in one aquarium fighters and peaceful fish. Otherwise, the former will simply destroy the latter. For example, Siamese fighting fish (or cockerels) are fighters from nature. If they start fierce battles between themselves, then about their neighborhood with calm species of fish in general and there can be no talk! It is curious that in one aquarium it is not even recommended to keep two male males, since one of them will surely die in a fierce fight.
Compatibility of aquarium fish: predators - a threat to peaceful fish!
Predatory fish - not neighbors peaceful! The fact is that these species prefer to eat live food, so they can easily be attacked by those fish that eat dried insect larvae, plankton, etc. The only case when predatory fish do not attack the peaceful ones is the large size of the latter. But it is worth the predator himself to grow in size, as he immediately prefers to eat his peaceful neighbors. In this case, you need to either separate the aquarium with opaque glass, or arrange the fish in separate tanks.
Compatibility of aquarium fish in their sizes
It is not recommended to place small and large kinds of fish in one aquarium. In this case, the fish will begin to experience significant discomfort. In addition, the difference in their size will constantly affect the amount of food eaten by various species of fish: the tiny inhabitants of the aquarium will always get only the crumbs, while large fish will eat large tidbits. This rule should be followed when there is a need for breeding fish of the same species: if possible, only individuals of approximately the same age and size should be kept together.
Experienced aquarists say that it is best to breed small and gregarious fish. The fact is that these little fishes are unpretentious, very beautiful, and also affordable. They do not require much effort and cost in their care. The most striking among them are the following fish: guppies, barbs, striped danios, picnic, swordtails, mollies. However, even here there is a rule: fry should be kept separately from the adult generation. In the aquarium to adult individuals, they should be released when they grow up.