Fishes

Neon fish

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Neon fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, species, photo-video review



Neon content, compatibility, reproduction, species, photo-video review Neons are one of the most popular aquarium fish. These small shiny fish have long won the hearts of aquarists and have taken their deserved place among such mini-fish like guppies, swordtails and tetras.
Neon received such recognition due to its unpretentiousness, compactness and of course due to the neon coloring of the body.

Latin name: Paracheirodon

Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
(on Lat. Characidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
(for manufacturers up to 22 ° C)
"Acidity" Ph:
5,5 - 8°.
(for future manufacturers pH up to 6.8 °)
Stiffness dH:5-20° .
(for future manufacturers - dH to 10 °)
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy

Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
How many live: The life of neon depends directly on the temperature of the aquarium water in which they are contained: 18 ° C - 4 years, 22 ° C - 3 years, 27 ° C - 1.5 years. As can be seen with increasing temperature, the biorhythm of life of neons also increases. That is why they, unlike many other aquarium fish, can and should even be kept in “cool” water. Find out how much other fish live IN THIS ARTICLE!
Minimum aquarium for neon content: from 10 liters, in such an aquarium you can put 4 neons. Neonchiki are schooling fish and therefore it is recommended to keep them in larger aquariums. For information on how much neon can be kept in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for care and conditions of neon

- neon necessarily need aeration and filtration, weekly water changes up to 1/3 of the volume of aquarium water.
- it is not necessary to cover the aquarium, although the fish are mobile, they do not jump out of the pond.
- lighting should be moderate. The aquarium is equipped with shading areas, which is achieved with the help of thickets of living plants, as well as with the help of floating plants.
- registration of an aquarium, for your taste and color: stones, grottoes, snags, other shelters. In the aquarium must be provided an open space for swimming.
Feeding and dieting neon: In principle, the fish are omnivores and are not whimsical to feed. We are happy to eat dry, live food and substitutes. But, like many aquarium fish, neons love live food: bloodworms, Artemia, choke, Cyclops, Daphnia. Neon food is taken from the surface of the water or in its thickness. Food that has fallen to the bottom may remain intact. Therefore, the fish should be fed in portions, so that the feed does not have time to fall to the bottom.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

HISTORY OF NEONS

The homeland and natural habitat of neons are the streams and rivers of South America: Peru, Colombia, Brazil. Rivers - top p. The Amazons, from a certain São Paulo de Olivenza to Iquitos, live in the r. Putumayo and r. Purus do Boca do Tapaua. As you can see, the natural habitat of neon is very distant and mysterious. That is why the chronicle of these fish in the aquarium world is quite young. The starting point of neon as aquarium fish is the year 1935, when Frenchman A. Rabo discovered these neon fish in the waters of the river Putumayo (Eastern Peru).

Discoverer Auguste Rabo He was delighted and surprised by the beauty of the red-blue fish found, which prompted him to bring several individuals to the United States of America and to Old Europe. In a year - 1936 This species of extraordinary fish was studied and described by the American ichthyologist S. Myers. The second homeland of neon is Germany. This is due to the fact that it was the Germans who managed to first dissolve neons in artificial conditions. At that time - it was a sensation, since neither in the United States of America, nor in France did the fish breed in artificial conditions. The German breakthrough in the breeding of neons was caused not so much by the merits of man as by the presence in Germany of very soft water, which neon fish like so much. Description: Neon is a small, nimble fish. In aquarium conditions, males reach sizes up to 3 cm, and females slightly larger - up to 3.5 cm in length.
Neon Color: There are different types of neon and the color of each is different. In general, all neons are united by one thing - a neon strip passing along the whole body, which actually gives a reflection inherent only in these fish. Behavioral features: Neons - peaceful, gregarious, nimble fishes. Fish are great in the aquarium in a group with a large number. Their briskness requires from the aquarium - space, which is so necessary for maneuvers. The corridors (speckled catfish) are considered to be friends and helpers of neons, they do not interfere with the neonas to monitor the purity of the aquarium soil.

Breeding and breeding neon

Initially, I want to say that the reproduction of neons is not very complicated. At least, it does not require special difficult conditions or hormonal injections.

Sexual differences: Males of neons are smaller than females, somewhere about half a centimeter, they are much slimmer than "girls", and their neon side strip has a clear, even shape, without convolutions. In turn, the females are larger than the males, they are more complete "puzatee", the neon strip bends in the middle of the calf. Preparing for spawning: sexual maturation of neons occurs in 6-9 months. For successful breeding "neon parents" initially contain in comfortable conditions, which consist in the presence of a wide aquarium house, in a diverse feeding and comfortable water parameters. Before spawning, males and females are kept separately, fed abundantly with live food for half a month. When living separately, the water temperature is lowered to 19 ° C.
It is believed that the best producers are fish aged 10-12 months. IMPORTANT: strictly observe the recommended parameters of aquarium water and conditions of detention! From the very hard water, the eggs are not fertilized by sperm (the shell does not allow), but from the very bright light - the eggs die! Spawning aquarium arrangement: an aquarium of 40 centimeters in length, the bottom should be without soil, a separator grid should be installed at the bottom, the back and side of the aquarium should be darkened, the substrate should be dark. Water parameters in spawning: level 15 cm, temperature 20-22 ° C, hardness dH up to 2 °, KH 0 °, pH 5.5-6.5 °, lighting only natural. Spawning water is recommended to be disinfected with UV or ozone. Neon spawning: Having prepared an aquarium for spawning, males and females are planted in the afternoon towards the evening in the ratio of 1: 1 or 3 males per 1 female. Usually, fish spawn at dawn the next morning. However, this process may take 3 days. During the spawning period, neons do not feed anything.
Females toss non-sticky eggs at a time from 50 to 200 eggs.
Immediately after spawning my parents, I set them aside, and the spawning dish is darkened (remember the light is destructive for caviar !!!). It is necessary to set aside producers, as they eat fry.
Within four hours after spawning, it is necessary to monitor the roe and, when the eggs appear white, immediately remove them.
The incubation period for neon caviar is approximately 22 hours.

Neon Fry Care

Juveniles of neons begin to swim already on the 4-5 day, until this point the larvae almost without moving and hang in a spawning aquarium.

Malki require mandatory aeration, water temperature 20-22 ° C and daily replacement of 1/10 of the volume of water, the water in the aquarium should be at a level of up to 10 centimeters.
From the moment the fry begin to swim (4-5 days), they must often be fed in portions. As a starter feed, you need to use special feed for young fish. Such food is sold in many pet stores, for example, TETRA MIN Baby and TETRA MIN Junior or SERA MICROGRAN. You can also feed: grinded boiled egg yolk, rotifers and infusoria.

Growing neon fry, should be carefully treated with lighting spawning aquarium. The lighting is gradually increased, 100% - ordinary lighting can be done only after the young become “on their feet”, and this happens by the 1st month of life. Otherwise, the fry will simply lose orientation.

What are ill neons

Fish can get virtually all kinds of contagious and non-infectious diseases. Neons, being small and fragile fish, do not tolerate stress (for example, if they are driven by "bad neighbors"), as well as uncomfortable water parameters and the absence of a schooling lifestyle - which, together and separately, can lead to diseases (for example, ichthyophysis - manke) . Have neons and a disease inherent only to them - plistophorosis or else it is called "neon disease". This infection manifests itself in the form of fading areas on the body of fish - in neons, blue and red stripes fade. The disease is in fact not curable!

photo Plistoforoz "Neon disease" photo ichthyophthyriosis "Manka" neon

USEFUL TIPS:

- neon is better to feed once a day and regularly arrange fasting days (once a week), which in turn will contribute to the health of the fish.
- when making out an aquarium for neons, you should use dark tones of the soil and background.
- a sign of bad health or stress in neons is the blanching of their color, they can fade up to complete graying.
- you should carefully use aquarium preparations containing copper - neons do not tolerate it.

All kinds of neon fish

There are still rare, artificially derived neons: Neon voile
Neon orange or orange

Neon blue or ordinary (Paracheirodon innesi)
Neon Blue (Paracheirodonsimulans)
Neon red (Paracheirodonaxelrodi)
Neon green (Kostelo)
Neon black (Hyphessobryconherbertaxelrodi)
Artificially derived:
Neon Gold (Paracheirodoninnesivar.)
Neon diamond or diamond (Paracheirodon innesi diamond), "albino" form of neon

Neon blue or ordinary (Paracheirodon innesi)

Most popular among neons. These neonchikov amazingly bright color. A beautiful turquoise-blue neon strip runs across the top, and the lower half of the body has a rich red color, the back is grayish-brown, all fins are transparent. Differ from fellow elongated, long body shape. Females of blue neon 4 cm, males - 3.5 cm.
More in detail here: Neon blue or ordinary

Neon blue (Paracheirodon simulans)

Due to the similarity in the name to the blue neon, this kind of neon is lost to aquarists by sight. The progenitors of blue neon are blue and red neon. The fish is distinguished by a long, coy body, the neon strip passes in the middle all over the body. I reach the sizes to 4 cm. More in detail here:Neon blue

Neon red (Paracheirodon axelrodi)

Areola habitat - the Orinoco River and the Rio Negru. These the neons very similar to blue and only slightly different in color. Along the entire body, there are two continuous bands of blue and red neon. It can reach sizes up to 5.5 centimeters.

Neon green

(church)
The back is colored dark green. Throughout the body is a wide strip of dark color, and in it is a neon turquoise blue strip. It can reach sizes up to 3.5 centimeters.
More in detail here: Neon green or costello

Neon black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi)

These neons have a long slightly flattened body. Throughout the body passing two stripes, narrow silver at the top, and wide black below.
More in detail here: Black neonNeon gold (Paracheirodon innesi var.)
This is the smallest neon of all representatives. Its maximum size is only 1.5 centimeters in length. Decorated with a golden stripe that stretches throughout the calf.
More in detail here: Neon goldNeon diamond or diamond (Paracheirodon innesi diamond) These fish have no neon strip at all. The diamond look of neons has only a light color and a reddish tail. Reaches the sizes to 3 centimeters. More in detail here: Neon diamond or diamond
Neon veil
A very rare and expensive type of neon, with a characteristic voile shape of fins. Reach up to 4 cm. In length. Content options are standard. Cost 5.4 USD. More in detail here: Neon voile and neon orange
Neon orange or orange


The rarest look! Neon resembles a transparent orange slice. It is the subject of hunting exquisite gourmets of the aquarium world.
Interesting facts about neons
"Neons: a bloody story" As it was already said before, a certain French national, Auguste Rabo, was the first person to become interested in neons. Well, since he was a dashing businessman and was looking for gold in the tropical forests of the Amazon River, he also caught exotic butterflies and collected orchids, again not for idle curiosity, but for further sale - the reflection of neon fish greedily reflected in gold in his insatiable eyes .
Everyone knows that greed and greed do not lead to good because they are included in the list of deadly sins. Rabo paid for it. And it all happened like this:
Auguste Rabo wandered through the Amazon rainforest and picked up the infection - tropical fever. Benefit pumped his local aborigines - Peruvian Indians. Having labeled Rabo in one of the Indian huts, he first saw the neons that were floating in a makeshift dish. It was then that the business idea of ​​Rabo was ripe, as it was making money on these brilliant little fish.
He organized the transportation of fish to the continent, and the poor neonchik was pushed into wooden crates, missed the gaps with resin, and in addition to the fish during transportation, they did not feed anything. However, the neons were tenacious and safely reached the United States of America.
Most of the surviving neon Rabo sent to Germany, and the rest gave fanatic and connoisseur of tropical fish - William Innesi. Remembering the nature of O. Rabo, it should be said that this was done not out of the goodness of his heart, but for the purpose of a complaint - after all, Innes was the publisher of an aquarium magazine and Rabo hoped to publish an article about his mega discovery, with all the ensuing profit consequences ...
The article was published, moreover, Inessi handed over the fish to ichthyologist D. Mayers, who in 1936 published a scientific work describing a new type of fish and named them in honor of Inessi - Paracheirodon innesi.

Reference:
William Thornton Innes (1874 -1969)
- The state of Philadelphia was born in the USA, where he graduated from school. Upon graduation, began to work with his father in publishing. In 1917 he published his first book, "On Goldfish". In 1932 founded his famous magazine "Aquarium", which lasted 35 years. In addition, since 1920, Innes has regularly organized aquarium exhibitions. Also in 1932 published the book "Exotic Aquarium Fish", which was regularly reprinted.
George Myers (1938-1970) - US national: ichthyologist, zoologist and herpetologist, was a professor at Stanford University, from 1942 to 1994. - Professor of the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. So began the neon boom! Employees of the largest aquarium companies have ousted Auguste Raboh, generously and regularly paying him decent sums for the supply of neons. Aquarium dealers hoped to multiply them and thereby return the money spent on Rabo. Yes, it was not there, all the swept up neon caviar died for unknown reasons.
In turn, Rabo, realizing the benefits of his monopoly position, strictly kept the secret of the neon's habitat and secretly left for Amazon for a new batch of fish. This situation lasted for three years until spies of aquarium companies traced Rabo by the Ucayali River, where he was killed. A year later, the delivery of neon fish was arranged without the participation of the deceased.
Neons, what else ?! - Неонов называют инициаторами аквариумной химии. This is due to the fact that for their breeding and obtaining the “desired soft, spawning water” aquarists had to carefully study the hydrochemistry of water, because of which the aquarium case went up to an even higher level.
- Caviar and young neon catastrophically afraid of lighting, from which they inevitably die. Such a malicious joke is played with them by the neon genetic program, which allows the fish to develop only in the twilight, as it happens in the tropical environment of the Amazon River.
- Neons have scales, but under it the skin, which consists of special pigment cells - chromatophore. Actually, they produce from the blood the neon-metallic color of the fish.
- Fish do not emit light, it is only a reflection and refraction of the incident rays of light.
- Not only neons, but also many other inhabitants of the aquarium world can glow with neon. For example, neon goby oceanops (Elacatinus oceanops), the size of which is comparable to neon and is 5 cm.


in the photo is a neon bull - Many lovers of the aquarium world are wondering, why does neonam need such an eye-catching color, is it very dangerous? Until now, there is no scientific explanation for this color of fish. There is only the assumption that they need it to attract a partner in the mating season, as well as to confuse the predator, fooling it when the flock of neons crumbles. Recommended neon literature:
1.Kochetov S. "Neons and small haracinids"
2. Kochetov S. "Characteristic in an aquarium: from neons to piranhas"
The author of the book tells about many species of tropical fish, including neon fish and other small species. From the books you will learn how to prepare an aquarium for neons, their conditions of detention, feeding and breeding.

Beautiful photo review of neon fish

Interesting video with neon


Neon aquarium fish

The aquarium fish neon blue or ordinary (lat. Paracheirodon innesi) has long been known and very popular. His appearance in 1930, he created a sensation and did not lose popular until our days. A flock of blue neons in an aquarium creates a fascinating look that can not leave indifferent. Perhaps, beauty with neon, can not argue any other fish from tetr, nor similar black neon, nor cardinal, nor erythrosonus. And besides beauty, nature gave neons a more peaceful disposition and high adaptability, that is, he did not need any special care. These factors made him so popular.

This small tetra is an active schooling fish. They feel most comfortable in a flock of 6 individuals, it is in it that the brightest colors are revealed. Neons are very peaceful and desirable inhabitants of common aquariums, but they need to be maintained only with medium-sized and equally peaceful fish. Small size and peaceful disposition, bad helpers against predatory fish!

Best of all, blue neons look in densely planted aquariums with dark soil. You can also add snags to the aquarium to create the look most similar to the one in which they live in nature. The water should be soft, slightly acidic, fresh and clean. Neons live about 3-4 years under good conditions in the aquarium.

In the right conditions and with good care, aquarium neon fish are fairly disease resistant. But, nevertheless, like all fish, they can get sick, even there is a disease of aquarium fish, called neon disease or plytiphorosis. It is expressed in blanching the color of the fish and further death, because, unfortunately, it is not treated.

Habitat in nature

Neon ordinary was first described by Gehry in 1927. They live in South America, home to the Paraguay, Rio Takuari, and Brazil basins.

And to nature, blue neons prefer to inhabit the slow tributaries of large rivers. These are rivers of dark water, flowing through dense jungle, so that the sunlight in the water falls very little. They live in flocks, live in the middle layers of the water and feed on various insects.

At the moment, neons are very widely diluted for commercial purposes and are practically not caught in nature.

Description

This is a small and slim fish. Aquarium fish blue neons grow up to 4 cm in length and they live about 3-4 years. As a rule, you do not notice their death, just a flock of year after year less and less.

Neon highlights first of all the bright blue stripe going through the whole body, which makes it very noticeable. And by contrast to it, there is a bright red stripe, which starts from the middle of the body and goes to the tail, slightly approaching it. What can I say? Easier to see.

Difficulty in content

With a normally running and well-established aquarium, neon can be maintained even by novice aquarists. They are bred in huge quantities for sale, and accordingly have acquired enormous adaptability to various conditions. Also, neons are unpretentious in nutrition, very livable. But, I repeat, this is on condition that you are fine in an aquarium.

Feeding

What to feed the neon? Simply feed, they are unpretentious and eat all kinds of food - live, frozen, artificial. It is important that the feed was medium-sized, as they have a rather small mouth. Favorite food for them will be bloodworms and tubers. It is important that feeding be as diverse as possible, this is how you will create conditions for health, growth, bright neon color.

Aquarium maintenance and care

The newly launched aquarium is not suitable for ordinary neons, as they are sensitive to the changes that will occur in such an aquarium. Start neon, only when you are sure that the aquarium has already stood and there is no hesitation in it. Water is preferably soft and sour, pH about 7.0 and hardness not higher than 10 dGH. But this is ideal, but in practice, my neons have been living in very hard water for several years now. They are simply massively bred and they get along in very different conditions.

In nature, neons live in dark-colored water, where there are a lot of fallen leaves and roots on the bottom. It is important that the aquarium had a lot of shaded places where they could hide. Abundant thickets, snags, dark corners floating on the surface of the plant - all this is perfect for neons. The fraction and type of soil can be any, but the color is better dark, they look the most favorable on it.
Caring for an aquarium with neons is not particularly difficult. They need warm (22-26C) and clean water. To do this, we use a filter (both external and internal), and weekly replace water up to 25% of the volume.

Compatibility

By themselves, blue neons are a wonderful and peaceful fish. Never touch anyone, peaceful, get along with any peaceful fish. But here they can fall prey to other fish, especially if it is a large and predatory fish, such as a gray sword or a green tetradon. It can be contained with large, but not predatory fish, for example, with scalar. What kind of fish do neons get on with? With guppies, patsils, cardinals, swordtails, iris, barbs and tetras.

Gender differences

Distinguishing the male neon from the female is quite simple, even though sex differences are not very pronounced. The fact is that females are noticeably fuller, especially in the pack, where males with their flat tummies look thin. Unfortunately, this is manifested only in adult fish, but since you need to buy a flock of neons, couples will still be there.

Breeding

How do they breed? Dilution of blue neons may not be so simple, as this requires special water parameters. For successful reproduction, you need a separate aquarium with soft water - 1-2 dGH and pH 5.0 - 6.0. The fact is that with tougher water, neon eggs do not inseminate. The volume of the aquarium is small, 10 liters is enough for a couple, for several pairs - 20. Put a nebulizer on the spawning machine, with minimal flow and cover it, since during spawning neons can jump out. Cover the side walls with paper to reduce the amount of light entering the tank. Water temperature 25C. Of the plants, it is better to use mosses; the female will lay eggs on them.

The pair is heavily fed with live food, it is desirable to keep them separate for a week or two. When a couple is transplanted into an aquarium, there should be no light in it at all; you can do it at night, since spawning begins early in the morning. The male will chase the female, which will lay about a hundred eggs on the plants. It is possible, and even better, to use a nylon sponge, consisting of many matted nylon threads, instead of plants.

Immediately after spawning, the couple is removed, so they can eat caviar. The water in the aquarium is drained to the level of 7-10 cm, and completely shaded, for example, by removing it in the cupboard, as the eggs are very sensitive to light. The larva of caviar appears after 4-5 days, and after 3 days the fry will swim. So that he can develop normally, he needs to take a sip of air to fill the swim bladder, so make sure that there is no film on the surface of the water. Feed the fry with very small feeds - infusoria and egg yolk. Water in the aquarium is gradually added, diluting it with more rigid. It is important that there are no filters, the fry are very small and die in them.

Neon content rules

Neon aquarium fish are popular pets. The most common in domestic aquariums are neon or blue gay fishes (Latin Paracheirodon innesi). Natural habitat - freshwater rivers of South America. For the first time, neons were cultivated in the 30s of the twentieth century, after which the demand for them does not stop. Blue neons live in a flock, which creates an impressive view inside the aquascape. The neon fish has a fantastic appearance: on the silver body you can see a horizontal, neon strip that flickers even at night. Also, all types of neon differ in their peaceful disposition, unpretentiousness in maintenance and care.


External characteristics

Neon ordinary are small flocking fish, whose body size reaches an average of 3 cm. Neon differ in a bright blue stripe that passes through the entire body. Parallel to it is a stripe of bright red color, which comes from the middle of the body, and ends at the caudal fin. All fins are small, transparent.

Sexual dimorphism is expressed - the females are fuller, which is noticeable in the school of fish, the abdomen of the males is flat, against the background of the females they look angular. Sex can only be determined in adults, at an early age it is almost impossible. It is better to buy a little flock of 6-8 fish, and with time pairs will form in it.

The content of this fish is preferably in a spacious, densely planted aquarium with a dark ground. Place enough snags and shelters in the tank, creating a semblance of a natural biotope. Prefer soft and subacidic water. Life expectancy in captivity - 1.5-3 years, depending on what kind of care they will be provided.

The most common disease of this type is plystiforosis (neon disease). Its symptoms are loss of scale color and further death, since the disease is not treated. It occurs as a result of severe stress and inappropriate care.

Look at the neon fish and danios in the aquarium.

Rules of maintenance and care

Neons are not suitable for new, recently launched aquariums. Although they are distinguished by their endurance, their small body will hardly endure drastic changes in the aquatic environment. Run these fish into an aquarium with prepared, infused water, where the eco system is already installed. Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 18-24 degrees Celsius, acidity 5.5.-7.5 pH, hardness 8-10 ° on average, although they can transfer and 20 °.

In the natural waters of South America, neons live in dark water, at the bottom of which there are many fallen leaves and plants. It is important to create a diffused light in the aquascape, to install stones, plants and snags that would obscure the space. As the soil, you can choose dark sand, against which the fish will look beautiful. The maintenance and care in an aquarium will not make it difficult even for a novice in aquarism. Maintain the temperature of the water, siphon the bottom in time and clean the water, making water changes once a week, 25% of the total volume. Use external and internal filter.


Neons are unpretentious in feeding - they eat live, frozen, artificial food, but small, because they have a small mouth. Pay attention to the fact that neons float in the bottom layers of the tank, so all the food should fall slowly and not dissolve in water. It is preferable to give chopped tubule, Artemia, Daphnia, Cyclops, feed with vegetable components. It is better not to overfeed with a crank, you can also buy feed for small tetras, which will make the color of the fish more vivid.

All types of neon are distinguished by non-aggressive behavior, they do not touch their neighbors in the aquarium, they easily get along with peaceful and small fishes. With the wrong settlement (with predators, large species), become their victims. Get along well with the scalars, if they grew up with them from the age of young. They live beautifully with corridors, specialties, iris, tetras, cardinals, labo and other civilians of the underwater world.

Watch the video about the red neon content.

Varieties: short description

Black neon is an endemic of the Brazilian rivers Rio Paraguay and Rio Taguari. Nowadays, this species is bred on fish farms and in domestic aquariums, the sale of caught fish from rivers is prohibited. In appearance it resembles blue neon, however, the color of the strip on the body is not blue, but dark. Body size - 4 cm in length. The water in the biotope of a natural pond is colored dark due to fallen leaves and branches on the bottom. Therefore, the content of such fish involves the creation of a natural biotope. Line out branches and leaves at the bottom of the tank; you can add a little peat extract to dye the water and create a weakly acidic, mild aqueous medium. Recommended water parameters: temperature 22-28 degrees Celsius, acidity 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 2-15o. Feeding preferably varied.

Red neons - different original color of the body. The color of the back is olive-beige, from the eye of the fatty fin there is a horizontal luminous strip, which changes its color depending on the spectrum of the light. On the side of the body there is a bright red stripe. The fins are all transparent and small. Like blue neon, females are denser and rounder than males. These are schooling fish, the content of which is possible in a shoal of 6-8 fish each. Caring for them is easy even for a beginner - they tolerate small changes in water parameters. They prefer diffuse light, partial shade, and are very sensitive to bright light.


Green neon is a small schooling fish, which is also endemic to South American rivers. Mostly caught in the nature of fish are on sale. Thanks to endurance and high adaptability, they are well acclimatized in captivity. Body color is bluish-green, and flickers with multi-colored highlights, depending on the spectrum of light. The body length is 3-3.5 cm. Green neon does not like water with high acidity and hardness. Acceptable parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 22-27 degrees, acidity 4.0-6.5 pH, hardness 0-8o. It is recommended to feed with artemia, daphnia and frozen feed.

Neon fish care breeding description photo compatibility.

Neon fish: care

Neon pet aquariums do not differ in the complexity of care, and to overcome this simple science by the forces of the most unsophisticated aquarist. The most comfortable temperature for fish is from 18 to 23 ° C. A higher temperature indicator of aquarium water provokes accelerated aging of the pet's body, which may cause it to die without producing offspring.

The diet of neons should be varied, with a partial entry of dry live food and:

  • bloodworm;
  • a pipemaker;
  • small varieties of daphnia;
  • finished dry food;
  • semolina;
  • gruel, consisting of lettuce leaves, duckweed and spinach leaves.

It should be borne in mind that fish obesity inhibits their reproduction, and therefore, feeding should not be frequent. It is enough once a day with one fasting day a week.

Neon fish: content

Moving neons are very shy, which causes them to keep a flock, and this gives a decorative aquarium. A thirty-liter tank with abundant vegetation is quite suitable for neon housing. If the reservoir is aerated, then 1.5 liters of volume is enough for one individual; without air blowing, one pet should have at least 3 liters of aquarium volume.

Neons

Planting aquatic plants optimally placed in the back, as well as the side walls of the tank. However, you need to know that free space for movement of neons is also necessary.

Neon multiplication

Neon reach sexual maturity by eight months and retain the ability to spawn up to 4-5 years, of course, provided they are kept in conditions that are optimal for them. . Feed at this time should be strenuously and varied, be sure to include in the diet of live food. For dilution of neons, prepare a one-piece glass container with a volume of 10-20 liters.

Disinfect it and fill it with distilled water. Add to the same 200 ml of water from the aquarium, which contains neons. At the bottom of the spawn, put a bunch of Javanese moss (if you are 100% sure that there are no snails on it) or a nylon washcloth.

The main thing in the breeding of neons - to properly prepare the water. Отложить икру неоны могут в любой воде (даже в общем аквариуме), но оплодотворение ее возможно только в мягкой воде (до 3°). Оптимально, чтобы жесткость была около 1°. Неоны предпочитают нереститься в слабокислой воде (pH 5,5-6). Подкислить ее можно народными средствами - например, отваром ольховых шишек, торфяным отваром, а можно воспользоваться специальными препаратами (благо сейчас их в продаже предостаточно).

Blow-up in spawning do not very strong, raise the temperature to 25-26 and you can run the manufacturers. Shade aquarium for breeding, leave only one corner dimly lit to see spawning results. In the morning everything should be done. The bulk of the roe should be on and under the substrate. It is necessary to plant the producers back into the general aquarium, and shake the eggs gently from the substrate to the bottom.

The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 7-10 cm and add antifungal medication (for example, methylene blue or General Tonic). At a temperature of 25, caviar develops 36-48 hours. The fry first hang on the glass, then begin to swim. It is very difficult to feed juvenile neons. At an early age, the fry of neons see very poorly, they have only developed a focus on light - phototaxis. This and need to use for feeding. The entire aquarium should be darkened, leaving only a single ray of light.

Infusoria necessary for feeding fry will accumulate in the illuminated place. With such lighting, the fry of neons will not go hungry, they, getting into a cloud of ciliates, begin to actively feed. This makes it possible to save all the young. Gradually, the fry are transferred to feeding on the nauplii of artemia and rotifers, and later on to small cyclops. Gradually, it is necessary to increase the hardness of the water in the spawn with fry, adding a small portion of water from the common aquarium every day.

NEONS

Neon aquarium fish

The aquarium fish neon blue or ordinary (lat. Paracheirodon innesi) has long been known and very popular. His appearance in 1930, he created a sensation and did not lose popular until our days. A flock of blue neons in an aquarium creates a fascinating look that can not leave indifferent. Perhaps, beauty with neon, can not argue any other fish from tetr, nor similar black neon, nor cardinal, nor erythrosonus. And besides beauty, nature gave neons a more peaceful disposition and high adaptability, that is, he did not need any special care. These factors made him so popular.

This small tetra is an active schooling fish. They feel most comfortable in a flock of 6 individuals, it is in it that the brightest colors are revealed. Neons are very peaceful and desirable inhabitants of common aquariums, but they need to be maintained only with medium-sized and equally peaceful fish. Small size and peaceful disposition, bad helpers against predatory fish!

Best of all, blue neons look in densely planted aquariums with dark soil. You can also add snags to the aquarium to create the look most similar to the one in which they live in nature. The water should be soft, slightly acidic, fresh and clean. Neons live about 3-4 years under good conditions in the aquarium.

In the right conditions and with good care, aquarium neon fish are fairly disease resistant. But, nevertheless, like all fish, they can get sick, even there is a disease of aquarium fish, called neon disease or plytiphorosis. It is expressed in blanching the color of the fish and further death, because, unfortunately, it is not treated.

NEON AQUARIUM FISHES

Habitat in nature

Neon ordinary was first described by Gehry in 1927. They live in South America, home to the Paraguay, Rio Takuari, and Brazil basins.

And to nature, blue neons prefer to inhabit the slow tributaries of large rivers. These are rivers of dark water, flowing through dense jungle, so that the sunlight in the water falls very little. They live in flocks, live in the middle layers of the water and feed on various insects.

At the moment, neons are very widely diluted for commercial purposes and are practically not caught in nature.

Description

This is a small and slim fish. Blue aquarium fish neoWe grow up to 4 cm in length and they live about 3-4 years. As a rule, you do not notice their death, just a flock of year after year less and less.

Neon highlights first of all the bright blue stripe going through the whole body, which makes it very noticeable. And by contrast to it, there is a bright red stripe, which starts from the middle of the body and goes to the tail, slightly approaching it. What can I say? Easier to see.

Compatibility

By themselves, blue neons are a wonderful and peaceful fish. Never touch anyone, peaceful, get along with any peaceful fish. But here they can fall prey to other fish, especially if it is a large and predatory fish, such as a gray sword or a green tetradon. Can be contained with a large, but not a predatory fish, for example, with scalars. And mollies. With what fish do neons get along? With guppies, patsils, cardinals, swordtails, iris, barbs and tetras.

GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.

Neons

Gender differences

Distinguishing the male neon from the female is quite simple, even though sex differences are not very pronounced. The fact is that females are noticeably fuller, especially in the pack, where males with their flat tummies look thin. Unfortunately, this is manifested only in adult fish, but since you need to buy a flock of neons, couples will still be there.

Feeding

What to feed the neon? Simply feed, they are unpretentious and eat all kinds of food - live, frozen, artificial. It is important that the feed was medium-sized, as they have a rather small mouth. Favorite food for them will be bloodworms and tubers. It is important that feeding be as diverse as possible, this is how you will create conditions for health, growth, bright neon color.

MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION

Blue neon - feeding HD video

100 red neon in the aquarium - HD video

Neon fish: care and maintenance. Neon aquarium: fish compatibility

In the modern world, an aquarium is becoming more and more popular. This rather interesting piece of furniture can be found not only in large-sized apartments and offices, but also in fairly modest rooms or offices.

What is the reason for such unprecedented demand? Select any one factor is quite difficult. However, above all, aquarium fish among nonprofessionals are valued because of their unpretentiousness to feed and the extraordinary ability to have a calming effect even on the most excited person.

Who lives now in an average aquarium? As a rule, these are somas, guppies and neons. Care and maintenance do not require special skill.

This article aims to acquaint readers with, perhaps, one of the most mobile types. So, the fish is neon. What do we know about her? Unfortunately, not so much. And in vain. This inhabitant of the underwater world is interesting enough, and you can actually talk about it indefinitely.

By the way, according to experts, if you just decided to do aquarism, remember, what you need is a neon fish. Maintenance and care will be easy, and the experience you will get is almost invaluable.

General information about the fish

Neon aquarium, as well as almost all the fish living in apartments and offices, have a prototype that lives in large quantities in the wild. In this case, the natural environment can serve as streams and rivers of Brazil, Peru, Colombia and South America.

In places where neon fish is found, as a rule, very soft and clean water, which is abundantly saturated with substances released by fallen trees. Accordingly, in home or office aquariums it is recommended to create similar conditions.

Neons, the compatibility of which with other species, as a rule, does not cause much trouble, these are small and rather peaceful inhabitants of the underwater world, having a bright attractive color, green-blue eyes and transparent fins. They are very quick and swim in flocks closer to the bottom. Fish grow as much as 4 cm in an aquarium. Their peculiarity is the presence of a brilliant blue band running through the whole body.

Red, black and blue fish of this species can be kept in aquariums.

Neons Care and maintenance. How to prepare the water and soil?

These fish live well in aquariums of completely different sizes. The water temperature can be in the range of 18 to 28 ° C, but ideally the most suitable should not warm up above 20-24 ° C. In such conditions, neons can live in the aquarium for almost 4 years. At a higher temperature, they will quickly age and, accordingly, will please the owners much less.

Neons, the care and maintenance of which does not imply any additional skills, are not particularly demanding on the composition of the water and the amount of oxygen in it, but still it is best to use soft peat water.

Favorable effect on the fish presence of a huge number of living plants.

For purely aesthetic reasons, it is better to use dark soil in aquariums, since on its background neons show bright color better.

Under conditions of poor maintenance and stress due to transplantations and transportation, the fish may become completely discolored.

Combining fish without problems

Experts say that neon can not be kept in the same aquarium, along with aggressive species of fish, as they risk to be eaten almost immediately. In small aquariums, they also can not be kept together with goldfish.

It is worth paying attention to the fact that neons are schooling fish, so you need to buy at least 4 of them.

In the case of water saturation with air for this species, it is not necessary to create its flow, but rather use a special sprayer that creates the smallest bubbles.

We feed pets correctly

Neons do not need to be fed with any special food, any food will be suitable, both frozen or dry, and live.

By the way, the feed should be medium-sized, because the fish is small, and this, respectively, means that it can easily choke large. The types of feed should also be changed periodically, and once a week it is necessary to make neons a fasting day.

In addition, the fish do not need to constantly feed live bloodworms - they are very prone to obesity.

Neon - fish, the reproduction of which does not cause unnecessary trouble

Immediately, we note, the breeding of neons is quite a difficult task. Experts say that an inexperienced person cannot even distinguish the sex of a fish, because the differences between males and females are not too obvious.

The male is slightly smaller than the female, and the female, in turn, has a fuller belly. There is a difference in their neon strip: in the male it is almost flat, and in the female it is somewhat bent in the middle.

For spawning fish planted in a group. For breeding, high purity distilled soft water with the addition of cones or oak decoction is used. Water temperature should be at the level of 22-24 ° C and diffused light. In hard water, the fish do not fertilize.

Spawning usually happens in the morning, after that the fish are removed to the aquarium, and the light is completely removed from the spawning grounds, because the caviar of neon does not tolerate it.

For spawning, it is necessary to prepare the substrate. To do this, you can put a clean ball of fishing line or a bunch of willow roots in the spawning area and fix them with glass weights.

During the spawning period, neons, the care and maintenance of which require special attention, can put off almost 200 eggs. After one and a half days, the larvae form from the eggs, and after five days the larvae will turn into fry. After that, you need to return the light to the aquarium.

Fry need to feed the smallest food, and as they grow gradually add more hard water.

What are they sick of?

Neon - fish, reproduction of which takes place several times a year, amenable to all types of both infectious and non-communicable diseases.

In general, they do not tolerate stress, poor conditions of detention and the lack of schooling type of life.

It should be attentive, because Your pets may well get pistophoresis, unfortunately, an incurable disease that only their species is exposed to.

Red neon

Outwardly, this species is slightly larger than ordinary representatives and grows in length up to 4.5 cm. It has a slightly elongated body and a bright extensive red color on the entire belly.

The conditions of detention are the same as for ordinary neons. But it is desirable to change the water every two weeks. They are not very sensitive to fluctuations in water temperature and transplant. In captivity almost never breed.

The spawning conditions are identical, as for the usual neon species. The female may postpone up to 160 eggs for spawning, although, of course, the fry will appear far from all.

Black neon

The size of this type of neon is the same as the parameters of ordinary neon, but black has an excellent color. In body shape, it looks like a red neon, but it has an olive-brown back, and a shiny neon golden-green stripe stretches along its body. Below the main neon strip passes another one - with an uneven bottom edge.

The conditions of reproduction and maintenance are the same as for red neon, but it is worth noting that black neons are less demanding, therefore they are more suitable for beginner aquarists. Subsequently, it will be possible to have more capricious and capricious species.

Neon fish: care and maintenance

Paracheirodon (lat.) - charming neon fish, peace-loving inhabitants of domestic water bodies, perfectly adjacent to other small breeds of aquarium fish. The flocks of these freshwater pets of the family of haracin plants against a green background of plants look spectacular. Where did these beauties come from in our aquariums, what kind of care they need and how to maintain them correctly - questions are non-trivial and require detailed consideration.

Where do neon aquarists come from?

The taming of miniature beauties happened 80 years ago, when during a water hunt in the Amazonian jungle, a French naturalist discovered miniature brilliant fish in his catch and brought several copies to his homeland.

Auguste Rabo, the very French naturalist who first discovered neons in the Amazon, made a fortune by importing and selling all new specimens of exotic fish. Over time, the habitats of neons were discovered, and a little later, after many unsuccessful experiments, they learned to breed in captivity.

What are neons and how to distinguish them?

In nature, an elegant neon schooling fish lives in clean, soft water of water bodies rich in vegetation. In the home aquarium of these active pets should be kept with a flock of up to ten individuals, as they need a society of fish of their own species, with which mobile aquarium inhabitants have fun, swimming mainly in the depths of the aquarium.

There are different in color neons - blue, red, black, blue. The blue variety is distinguished by a blue stripe, which passes to the tail in a violet or green color.

A distinctive feature of red fish is the presence of a bright red color in the lower part of their body.

Representatives of the blue variety of exotic pets do not have red tones on the body at all.

And for black ones there is a narrow blue stripe on top and a wide black stripe goes along the bottom of the body.


Neon fish: care

Neon pet aquariums do not differ in the complexity of care, and to overcome this simple science by the forces of the most unsophisticated aquarist. The most comfortable temperature for fish is from 18 to 23 ° C. A higher temperature indicator of aquarium water provokes accelerated aging of the pet's body, which may cause it to die without producing offspring.

The diet of neons should be varied, with a partial entry of dry live food and:

  • bloodworm;
  • a pipemaker;
  • small varieties of daphnia;
  • finished dry food;
  • semolina;
  • gruel, consisting of lettuce leaves, duckweed and spinach leaves.

It should be borne in mind that fish obesity inhibits their reproduction, and therefore, feeding should not be frequent. It is enough once a day with one fasting day a week.

Neon fish: content

Moving neons are very shy, which causes them to keep a flock, and this gives a decorative aquarium. A thirty-liter tank with abundant vegetation is an appropriate housing for neons. If the reservoir is aerated, then 1.5 liters of volume is enough for one individual; without air blowing, one pet should have at least 3 liters of aquarium volume.

Planting aquatic plants optimally placed in the back, as well as the side walls of the tank. However, you need to know that free space for movement of neons is also necessary.

Compatibility

As neighbors for small inhabitants of a household reservoir it is necessary to consider the same undersized creatures. Will fit:

  • catfish;
  • gupi;
  • danios;
  • Minors and other peace-loving inhabitants of the reservoir.

But larger fish, for example, adult scalar, barbus, cichlid may quite once have lunch with neon malyuzga, therefore they are unsuitable as companions for your pet.

Neon fish: breeding

These inhabitants of the domestic reservoir become sexually mature by their performance of 7-12 months. For spawning and trouble-free breeding of fish (the number of pairs depends on the volume of the spawning grounds) is deposited in a separate container of 10 liters with soft water. Spawning occurs fairly quickly - during the night or during the day.

When the adults appear on the bottom of the calf, they are deposited back into the aquarium, and the water in the breeding ground is cast to a level of 10 cm, and after five days the container with small neons can be lit. Larvae become independent by this time, begin to swim and feed.

В общий аквариум новое поколение можно выпускать в возрасте полутора месяцев.

При соблюдении всех вышеперечисленных правил содержания и ухода за аквариумными неонами (обеспечение разнообразного рациона, своевременная уборка водоёма и смена воды, оптимальный выбор соседей по аквариуму) ваши питомцы проживут долго, радуя вас ярким экзотическим окрасом.

Как проходит нерест неонов, смотрим на видео:

Как размножаются рыбки неоны

The reproduction of neons is not so difficult in the conditions of a home aquarium, if you follow a number of requirements. First of all, you should know that in the wild, spawning of neon fish occurs during the rainy season, and lasts 1.5-2 months during the year. When spawning ends, the fish calm down and take a break. Neons brought into our country can breed at any time of the year, which simplifies their breeding. A variety of live food, replacement of aquarium water stimulate their mating season. You should know that all types of neons (blue, blue, red, black and others) are not viviparous, but ringing fish.


How does the reproduction process in neons

Aquarium neons should spawn under careful supervision - due to changes in the natural rhythms of life, laying eggs can be endangered. All males and females must be transferred to different reservoirs, and before being placed in a general spawning ground, a short “acquaintance” between the fish should be carried out 5 times. The neon female can lay eggs every week, and the male can produce milk 2 times less. Sexual dimorphism is expressed during the breeding season - females are rounded in the abdomen, the swimbladder excretes in males, it shifts to the anus, which is not present in females.

Before the spawning device, prepare the water - take the water from the tap, let it infuse for several days in a glass container, then heat it to the required temperature. The optimal parameters of the aquatic environment will ensure the fertilization of the maximum number of eggs, and their ripening. Aquarium for spawning, you can choose the average - 30-50 liters per pair. It is not necessary to line the bottom at its bottom. Allowable water temperature in the tank: 25-26 degrees Celsius, hardness 2-4o, acidity 6.5-7.0 pH.

See how to prepare an aquarium for breeding neon.

Successful breeding will provide the substrate in the form of aquatic plants. At the bottom of the tank you can put a few sprigs of miriofillum or javanese moss. It is better to launch fish that are ready for spawning to the aquarium in the evening, a few hours before turning off the light - so the pair will get used to each other faster, and in the morning the caviar will be swept up.

Aquarium fish, despite the fact that they are contained in different conditions of the aquatic environment, unlike natural relatives, behave in this process in a similar way. Two males are usually run on one female, and they instantly attack her, and the male who is faster than the opponent, wins, it fertilizes the eggs thanks to the highest degree of readiness. Prior to the spawning process, males and females swim over the plants. Then she puts her eggs on plants in a chaotic manner.


The first few hours after spawning, the eggs have an adhesive texture. Once on the plant, they are fixed on them, and then, with a slight fluctuation of water, fall to the bottom. Therefore, it is impossible to line the soil in the tank - the substrate can damage their thin surface. 3-4 hours after the breeding process, the male and female are caught from the spawning net with a net, and if this is not done immediately, then the producers can eat their fruits.

How to care for brood

Unfortunately, not all fertilized eggs can survive, some can get a fungus, and some will die during the ripening period. After 9 hours, surviving, unspoiled fertilized eggs can be selected from the rest with a medical pipette. Transfer them to another container with similar parameters of water so that they do not get infected and die.

Watch a video on how to care for neons and how fish breed.

The most dangerous enemy of neon eggs is harmful bacteria and fungus. With the help of drugs Trypaflavin, methylene blue or General Tonic, you can stop the reproduction of microbes, thereby ensuring the life of future fish. After adding the drug, the water level can be reduced by 7-10 cm. Caviar will ripen until the larvae appear. This will happen in 24 hours if the temperature of the aqueous medium is 24-25 ° C.

After a few days the fish fry can swim in the upper layers of the water, at the same time they can be given food that they themselves will eat. The starting food for the fry is Cyclops larvae (for the first 4 weeks of life, before the first color strips appear on the body). If you know how to produce infusoria, rotifers or other types of plankton at home, you can add this feed.


The fish grow quickly, later they will require another feeding, now they can be given small cyclops, chopped live food. When the brood grows up, the surviving fry can be moved to another aquarium with a temperature of 24-25 degrees, water hardness of 10-12 o. This is necessary so that they are not infected with plistofora. At first they will adapt to the new conditions, in a month they will get used to them completely. If the water is too hard (take measurements with devices with indicators), soften it with special tools that are in stores.

Neon blue fish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo review


Neon blue

The birthplace of blue neon is South America (waters of Colombia).

The body size of this small fish reaches only 3.5 centimeters. Like all neons, females are slightly larger than males, the latter reaching sizes of 1.3-2 centimeters.

They are red and blue neon from their close relatives, blue ones are distinguished by their slenderness, a blue neon strip runs along their whole body, there is also a faded, barely noticeable red strip.

Blue neons - peaceful, nimble, gregarious fish. The conditions of their content are identical to the red and blue neon.

These neons prefer to stay out in the open, they can float both at the surface of the aquarium and at the very bottom.

In food unpretentious, they eat any small food: live and combined.

For breeding blue neon use dimly lit small spawning aquariums, up to 20 liters.

Comfortable parameters of water for spawning aquarium: dH 1-4 °, pH 5.0-5.5, temperature 25-26 ° C. Spawning usually occurs in the evening, and it is preceded by a long and exhausting race. Females spawn over plant substrates. The incubation period for caviar ripening is about one day. Larvae appear on the 6th day. The first signs of color in young blue neon appear only towards the end of the third week.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

RECOMMEND:
read an extensive article
ALL ABOUT NEONAH: history, content, types and features of breeding.


Neon aquarium fish

No wonder neon is called the most beautiful and unusual inhabitants of aquariums. Their backs literally emit neon light. And best of all, they look in small flocks. If you take good care of them and change water in time, then neons can live in your home for up to 10 years. In nature, they live in small bodies of water with calm water or standing pools of Brazilian rivers. In captivity, neon males grow up to 3.5 cm, and females - up to 2 cm. There are no more sexual differences in this species of fish.

Neon fish - species

Most in the aquariums are four main types:

  • blue neon (ordinary);
  • neon red;
  • neon blue;
  • neon black

At the bare side view there is a blue stripe reaching the eyes. Near the tail, it acquires a greenish or purple color. Bright red colored lower body in red neon. Blue neon has no red tones at all. On its side is a strip of dark blue color, and the belly is pink-violet. Black has two stripes: the upper one is narrow - blue, the lower one is black and wide.

Neon Aquarium Fish Content

The fearfulness of neons is expressed in their behavior. They try to keep flocks of at least ten individuals, which gives the aquarium decorative. Moving and peace-loving creatures are better striking if they live in your small group, because by themselves these fish are small in size. The volume of the aquarium, count 20 liters per couple of neons. Thickets from aquatic plants should best be placed at the back and side walls of the aquarium. But be sure to give them free space to live. They love to hide in stone or decorative ceramic caves, as well as near the snags.

Compatibility of aquarium neons with other types of fish

Everyone knows that small fish is undesirable to settle with large creatures that can easily eat them. Already grown-up scalaries can attack neons. If you do not consider the mating season, then these fish are quite peaceful. A good company can provide them somiki. This fish swims in its layer and does not interfere with its neighbors, clearing at the bottom of the feed, missed by neons. Other species include guppies, danios, minors and other peaceful species. Barbus or cichlid is better to keep away from this small fry.

Neon Fish - Care

This type of fish does not require complex care, and even a beginning aquarist can easily cope with such a task. The best water temperature for them is 18-23 degrees. When the temperature rises to 28 degrees, the body quickly begins to age, and they can die without producing offspring. On a dark background, neons look more spectacular, which can be considered when choosing the ground. Food suitable for both live and dry species, in the form of flakes or pellets. Obesity does not promote good breeding, so often it is not necessary to feed neons.

Neon Fish - Breeding

So that you do not have problems with breeding, you need to have only soft water in the aquarium. Neons reach their sexual maturity in 7-12 months. An adult individual will survive in a tough environment, but its calf is likely to die. As a spawner, use tanks up to ten liters. Water can be somewhat acidified using a decoction of oak bark or alder cones. Try to darken the aquarium and provide good aeration to the water. But it is better not to use filters, because caviar can suck in there. At the bottom of the bed a little moss. After that, you can do breeding fish neon. Depending on the size of the spawning plant, from several to 30 pairs are planted in it. Spawning will occur on the same night or for a couple of days.

As soon as you notice caviar on the moss, parents can be sifted back, and the water level can be reduced to ten centimeters. To prevent the appearance of harmful fungus can be diluted with the drug Tetra Medica General Tonic. You can turn on the light after 5 days, when the larvae begin to feed and swim. There should be no films on the surface of the water, because the larva will not be able to get air into the swim bladder. Food for fry are ciliates, cyclops or rotifers. One female is able to reproduce up to 250 eggs. You will notice signs of coloring in the area of ​​the third week of their life. And when neons reach the age of one and a half months and confidently begin to behave in the middle layer of water, they can safely be added to the general aquarium.

Neon aquarium fish quickly won the love of aquarists around the world. They will become a real decoration of your aquarium, striking the owner and his guests with their exotic and bright colors.

What are the best neon fish fishes?

Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants. Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to their peaceful disposition, they can coexist with each other in a flock or with other species of fish. Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.


What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species. But one thing unites them - a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors. So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.

Settlement rules in a common aquarium

Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful. There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.

Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.

  1. Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
  2. Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them - the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
  3. You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
  4. Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
  5. Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.


  6. A territorial niche should be installed in the aquarium. That is, all types of fish should swim in certain layers of water - in the lower, middle or upper. So they will not interfere with each other. Neons, like somiki corridor, swim in the bottom layer of the aquatic environment.
  7. Neons love plants not as a delicacy, but as scenery or shelter, among which you can swim or hide. If other aquarium fish gnaw leaves, or are prone to such sabotage, neons can suffer greatly.
  8. During all diseases, the fish must be treated, and the treatment methods may not be the same for all fish. Some tolerate treatment with salt, copper, and others - no. Neons are not particularly sensitive to copper-based drugs. Therefore, their neighbors can become fish with the same portability. Then the treatment can take place in the general aquarium.

With whom neons can and cannot get along

Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.

See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.

Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.

Rasbory - can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.

Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) - peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active. It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. При недостаточном кормлении, в тесноте, небольшом месте для плавания, меченосцы становятся невыносимыми. Чтобы эти рыбы не терроризировали мелких неонов, аквариум должен быть просторным, с достаточным количеством растений и укрытий.


Неоны плохо совместимы с такими рыбами:

  1. Крупными сомами, цихлидами, барбусами, астронотусами, петушками, карпами кои - теми, кто живет в прохладной воде, или обладает хищным, агрессивным поведением.
  2. Goldfish - they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
  3. Angelfish - can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.

Fish red neon - almost as usual. But red

Red neon (Latin Paracheirodon axelrodi) is an incredibly beautiful fish and one of the most popular in aquarism. He is especially handsome in a flock, in an aquarium overgrown with plants, such a flock looks just bewitching. A distinctive feature of red neon is the blue band in the middle of the body and bright red under it. It is precisely with its large red stripe that it differs from its relative, the neon ordinary. The fact is that in the red neon this band goes through the entire bottom of the body, and in the ordinary it occupies only half of the abdomen, to the middle. In addition, red neon is much larger.

True, you have to pay for beauty, and from ordinary red it has higher requirements for conditions of detention. And he is small and peaceful, can easily become a victim of other large fish.
When the content of red neon in soft and acidic water, its color becomes even brighter. It also looks good in a richly overgrown aquarium with dim lighting and dark ground.
If you keep your red neon in a stable aquarium with good conditions, then it lives for a long time and resists diseases well. But, if the aquarium is unstable, then it dies very quickly. In addition, like ordinary neon, red is subject to the disease - neon disease. With her, his coloring turns sharply pale, the fish loses weight and dies. Unfortunately, neon disease is not treated.

Habitat in nature

Red neon (Paracheirodon axelrodi) was first described by Schulz in 1956. His homeland in South America lives in slow-flowing forest rivers, such as Rio Negro and Orinoco. She also lives in Venezuela and Brazil. The tropics that surround these rivers are usually very thick and very little sunlight comes into the water. Red neons live in flocks, mostly in the middle of the water and feed on worms and other insects.
Underwater shooting in nature:

Individuals found on sale already local breeding, a small amount is imported from nature.

Description

This is a very small aquarium fish, which is about 5 cm long and has a lifespan of about 3 years. Distinguishes red neon bright blue band in the middle of the body and red right below it. It looks like an ordinary neon, but unlike it, the red band goes through the whole body.

Difficulty in content

A complex fish that is more demanding than ordinary neon. The fact is that red is very sensitive to the parameters of water and its purity, with fluctuations prone to disease and death. It is recommended to keep aquarists with experience, as it is especially common for newcomers to die in a new aquarium.

Feeding

Neon is easy enough to feed, they are unpretentious and eat all kinds of food - live, frozen, artificial. It is important that the feed was medium-sized, as they have a rather small mouth. Favorite food for them will be bloodworms and tubers. It is important that feeding be as diverse as possible, this is how you will create the conditions for health, growth, bright neon color. Avoid feeding with one food for a long time, especially avoid dry food - dried gammarus and daphnia.

Content in an aquarium

Like ordinary neon, red needs a balanced aquarium with well-established parameters and soft water. The ideal pH is below 6, and the hardness is no more than 4 dGH. The content of red neon in water is more severe will lead to fading of color and shortening of life. The water temperature is within 23-27 C. The most important thing is that the water parameters would be stable, since neons very poorly tolerate jumps, especially in new aquariums.

Light is needed dim, but it is desirable abundance of plants. It is best to shade the aquarium with the help of floating plants. Although red neon needs shelter, it also needs an open area for swimming. A densely overgrown aquarium with a plant-free center would be ideal for red neon. The volume of such an aquarium may be small, for a flock of 7 pieces 60-70 liters will suffice.

Compatibility with other fish

Peaceful fish, which, like other tetras, needs a company. It is better to keep a pack of 15 pieces, this is how they will look most bright and feel comfortable. Well suited for general aquariums, provided that the water parameters are stable and the neighbors are peaceful. Black neighbors, erythrosalonus, Priestlla, and tetra von Rio will be good neighbors.

Gender differences

It is possible to distinguish a female from a male by the abdomen, in the female it is much fuller and rounder, and the males are more slender. However, this can be done only in mature fish.

Breeding

Reproduction of red neon is sometimes not easy even for very experienced breeders. We need a separate aquarium for spawning with stable water parameters: pH 5 - 5.5 and very soft water, 3 dGH or lower. The aquarium should be well planted with plants with small leaves, such as Javanese moss, as neons spawn on plants.
Spawning lighting is minimal, it is better to let floating plants to the surface. Neon caviar is very photosensitive. Spawning begins late in the evening or even at night. The female lays several hundred sticky eggs on the plants. Parents can eat caviar, so they need to be removed from the aquarium.

After about 24 hours, the larva will turn, and after another three days it will float. From now on, the fry need to be fed with egg yolk and microworm.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send