Neon fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, species, photo-video review
Neon content, compatibility, reproduction, species, photo-video review Neons are one of the most popular aquarium fish. These small shiny fish have long won the hearts of aquarists and have taken their deserved place among such mini-fish like guppies, swordtails and tetras.
Neon received such recognition due to its unpretentiousness, compactness and of course due to the neon coloring of the body.
Latin name: Paracheirodon
Detachment, family: carp-shaped, haracin
(on Lat. Characidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
(for manufacturers up to 22 ° C)
"Acidity" Ph: 5,5 - 8°.
(for future manufacturers pH up to 6.8 °)
Stiffness dH:5-20° .
(for future manufacturers - dH to 10 °)
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
How many live: The life of neon depends directly on the temperature of the aquarium water in which they are contained: 18 ° C - 4 years, 22 ° C - 3 years, 27 ° C - 1.5 years. As can be seen with increasing temperature, the biorhythm of life of neons also increases. That is why they, unlike many other aquarium fish, can and should even be kept in “cool” water. Find out how much other fish live IN THIS ARTICLE!
Minimum aquarium for neon content: from 10 liters, in such an aquarium you can put 4 neons. Neonchiki are schooling fish and therefore it is recommended to keep them in larger aquariums. For information on how much neon can be kept in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for care and conditions of neon- neon necessarily need aeration and filtration, weekly water changes up to 1/3 of the volume of aquarium water.
- it is not necessary to cover the aquarium, although the fish are mobile, they do not jump out of the pond.
- lighting should be moderate. The aquarium is equipped with shading areas, which is achieved with the help of thickets of living plants, as well as with the help of floating plants.
- registration of an aquarium, for your taste and color: stones, grottoes, snags, other shelters. In the aquarium must be provided an open space for swimming.
Feeding and dieting neon: In principle, the fish are omnivores and are not whimsical to feed. We are happy to eat dry, live food and substitutes. But, like many aquarium fish, neons love live food: bloodworms, Artemia, choke, Cyclops, Daphnia. Neon food is taken from the surface of the water or in its thickness. Food that has fallen to the bottom may remain intact. Therefore, the fish should be fed in portions, so that the feed does not have time to fall to the bottom.
Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.HISTORY OF NEONS
The homeland and natural habitat of neons are the streams and rivers of South America: Peru, Colombia, Brazil. Rivers - top p. The Amazons, from a certain São Paulo de Olivenza to Iquitos, live in the r. Putumayo and r. Purus do Boca do Tapaua. As you can see, the natural habitat of neon is very distant and mysterious. That is why the chronicle of these fish in the aquarium world is quite young. The starting point of neon as aquarium fish is the year 1935, when Frenchman A. Rabo discovered these neon fish in the waters of the river Putumayo (Eastern Peru).Discoverer Auguste Rabo He was delighted and surprised by the beauty of the red-blue fish found, which prompted him to bring several individuals to the United States of America and to Old Europe. In a year - 1936 This species of extraordinary fish was studied and described by the American ichthyologist S. Myers. The second homeland of neon is Germany. This is due to the fact that it was the Germans who managed to first dissolve neons in artificial conditions. At that time - it was a sensation, since neither in the United States of America, nor in France did the fish breed in artificial conditions. The German breakthrough in the breeding of neons was caused not so much by the merits of man as by the presence in Germany of very soft water, which neon fish like so much. Description: Neon is a small, nimble fish. In aquarium conditions, males reach sizes up to 3 cm, and females slightly larger - up to 3.5 cm in length.
Neon Color: There are different types of neon and the color of each is different. In general, all neons are united by one thing - a neon strip passing along the whole body, which actually gives a reflection inherent only in these fish. Behavioral features: Neons - peaceful, gregarious, nimble fishes. Fish are great in the aquarium in a group with a large number. Their briskness requires from the aquarium - space, which is so necessary for maneuvers. The corridors (speckled catfish) are considered to be friends and helpers of neons, they do not interfere with the neonas to monitor the purity of the aquarium soil.
Breeding and breeding neon
Initially, I want to say that the reproduction of neons is not very complicated. At least, it does not require special difficult conditions or hormonal injections.Sexual differences: Males of neons are smaller than females, somewhere about half a centimeter, they are much slimmer than "girls", and their neon side strip has a clear, even shape, without convolutions. In turn, the females are larger than the males, they are more complete "puzatee", the neon strip bends in the middle of the calf. Preparing for spawning: sexual maturation of neons occurs in 6-9 months. For successful breeding "neon parents" initially contain in comfortable conditions, which consist in the presence of a wide aquarium house, in a diverse feeding and comfortable water parameters. Before spawning, males and females are kept separately, fed abundantly with live food for half a month. When living separately, the water temperature is lowered to 19 ° C.
It is believed that the best producers are fish aged 10-12 months. IMPORTANT: strictly observe the recommended parameters of aquarium water and conditions of detention! From the very hard water, the eggs are not fertilized by sperm (the shell does not allow), but from the very bright light - the eggs die! Spawning aquarium arrangement: an aquarium of 40 centimeters in length, the bottom should be without soil, a separator grid should be installed at the bottom, the back and side of the aquarium should be darkened, the substrate should be dark. Water parameters in spawning: level 15 cm, temperature 20-22 ° C, hardness dH up to 2 °, KH 0 °, pH 5.5-6.5 °, lighting only natural. Spawning water is recommended to be disinfected with UV or ozone. Neon spawning: Having prepared an aquarium for spawning, males and females are planted in the afternoon towards the evening in the ratio of 1: 1 or 3 males per 1 female. Usually, fish spawn at dawn the next morning. However, this process may take 3 days. During the spawning period, neons do not feed anything.
Females toss non-sticky eggs at a time from 50 to 200 eggs.
Immediately after spawning my parents, I set them aside, and the spawning dish is darkened (remember the light is destructive for caviar !!!). It is necessary to set aside producers, as they eat fry.
Within four hours after spawning, it is necessary to monitor the roe and, when the eggs appear white, immediately remove them.
The incubation period for neon caviar is approximately 22 hours.
Neon Fry CareJuveniles of neons begin to swim already on the 4-5 day, until this point the larvae almost without moving and hang in a spawning aquarium.
Malki require mandatory aeration, water temperature 20-22 ° C and daily replacement of 1/10 of the volume of water, the water in the aquarium should be at a level of up to 10 centimeters.
From the moment the fry begin to swim (4-5 days), they must often be fed in portions. As a starter feed, you need to use special feed for young fish. Such food is sold in many pet stores, for example, TETRA MIN Baby and TETRA MIN Junior or SERA MICROGRAN. You can also feed: grinded boiled egg yolk, rotifers and infusoria.
What are ill neonsFish can get virtually all kinds of contagious and non-infectious diseases. Neons, being small and fragile fish, do not tolerate stress (for example, if they are driven by "bad neighbors"), as well as uncomfortable water parameters and the absence of a schooling lifestyle - which, together and separately, can lead to diseases (for example, ichthyophysis - manke) . Have neons and a disease inherent only to them - plistophorosis or else it is called "neon disease". This infection manifests itself in the form of fading areas on the body of fish - in neons, blue and red stripes fade. The disease is in fact not curable!
photo Plistoforoz "Neon disease" photo ichthyophthyriosis "Manka" neon
USEFUL TIPS:- neon is better to feed once a day and regularly arrange fasting days (once a week), which in turn will contribute to the health of the fish.
- when making out an aquarium for neons, you should use dark tones of the soil and background.
- a sign of bad health or stress in neons is the blanching of their color, they can fade up to complete graying.
- you should carefully use aquarium preparations containing copper - neons do not tolerate it.
All kinds of neon fishThere are still rare, artificially derived neons: Neon voile
Neon orange or orange
Neon blue or ordinary (Paracheirodon innesi)
Neon Blue (Paracheirodonsimulans)
Neon red (Paracheirodonaxelrodi)
Neon green (Kostelo)
Neon black (Hyphessobryconherbertaxelrodi)
Neon Gold (Paracheirodoninnesivar.)
Neon diamond or diamond (Paracheirodon innesi diamond), "albino" form of neon
Neon blue or ordinary (Paracheirodon innesi)Most popular among neons. These neonchikov amazingly bright color. A beautiful turquoise-blue neon strip runs across the top, and the lower half of the body has a rich red color, the back is grayish-brown, all fins are transparent. Differ from fellow elongated, long body shape. Females of blue neon 4 cm, males - 3.5 cm.
More in detail here: Neon blue or ordinary
Neon blue (Paracheirodon simulans)Due to the similarity in the name to the blue neon, this kind of neon is lost to aquarists by sight. The progenitors of blue neon are blue and red neon. The fish is distinguished by a long, coy body, the neon strip passes in the middle all over the body. I reach the sizes to 4 cm. More in detail here:Neon blue
Neon red (Paracheirodon axelrodi)Areola habitat - the Orinoco River and the Rio Negru. These the neons very similar to blue and only slightly different in color. Along the entire body, there are two continuous bands of blue and red neon. It can reach sizes up to 5.5 centimeters.
The back is colored dark green. Throughout the body is a wide strip of dark color, and in it is a neon turquoise blue strip. It can reach sizes up to 3.5 centimeters.
More in detail here: Neon green or costello
Neon black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi)These neons have a long slightly flattened body. Throughout the body passing two stripes, narrow silver at the top, and wide black below.
More in detail here: Black neonNeon gold (Paracheirodon innesi var.)
This is the smallest neon of all representatives. Its maximum size is only 1.5 centimeters in length. Decorated with a golden stripe that stretches throughout the calf.
More in detail here: Neon goldNeon diamond or diamond (Paracheirodon innesi diamond) These fish have no neon strip at all. The diamond look of neons has only a light color and a reddish tail. Reaches the sizes to 3 centimeters. More in detail here: Neon diamond or diamond
A very rare and expensive type of neon, with a characteristic voile shape of fins. Reach up to 4 cm. In length. Content options are standard. Cost 5.4 USD. More in detail here: Neon voile and neon orange
Neon orange or orange
The rarest look! Neon resembles a transparent orange slice. It is the subject of hunting exquisite gourmets of the aquarium world.
Interesting facts about neons
"Neons: a bloody story" As it was already said before, a certain French national, Auguste Rabo, was the first person to become interested in neons. Well, since he was a dashing businessman and was looking for gold in the tropical forests of the Amazon River, he also caught exotic butterflies and collected orchids, again not for idle curiosity, but for further sale - the reflection of neon fish greedily reflected in gold in his insatiable eyes .
Everyone knows that greed and greed do not lead to good because they are included in the list of deadly sins. Rabo paid for it. And it all happened like this:
Auguste Rabo wandered through the Amazon rainforest and picked up the infection - tropical fever. Benefit pumped his local aborigines - Peruvian Indians. Having labeled Rabo in one of the Indian huts, he first saw the neons that were floating in a makeshift dish. It was then that the business idea of Rabo was ripe, as it was making money on these brilliant little fish.
He organized the transportation of fish to the continent, and the poor neonchik was pushed into wooden crates, missed the gaps with resin, and in addition to the fish during transportation, they did not feed anything. However, the neons were tenacious and safely reached the United States of America.
Most of the surviving neon Rabo sent to Germany, and the rest gave fanatic and connoisseur of tropical fish - William Innesi. Remembering the nature of O. Rabo, it should be said that this was done not out of the goodness of his heart, but for the purpose of a complaint - after all, Innes was the publisher of an aquarium magazine and Rabo hoped to publish an article about his mega discovery, with all the ensuing profit consequences ...
The article was published, moreover, Inessi handed over the fish to ichthyologist D. Mayers, who in 1936 published a scientific work describing a new type of fish and named them in honor of Inessi - Paracheirodon innesi.
William Thornton Innes (1874 -1969) - The state of Philadelphia was born in the USA, where he graduated from school. Upon graduation, began to work with his father in publishing. In 1917 he published his first book, "On Goldfish". In 1932 founded his famous magazine "Aquarium", which lasted 35 years. In addition, since 1920, Innes has regularly organized aquarium exhibitions. Also in 1932 published the book "Exotic Aquarium Fish", which was regularly reprinted.
George Myers (1938-1970) - US national: ichthyologist, zoologist and herpetologist, was a professor at Stanford University, from 1942 to 1994. - Professor of the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. So began the neon boom! Employees of the largest aquarium companies have ousted Auguste Raboh, generously and regularly paying him decent sums for the supply of neons. Aquarium dealers hoped to multiply them and thereby return the money spent on Rabo. Yes, it was not there, all the swept up neon caviar died for unknown reasons.
In turn, Rabo, realizing the benefits of his monopoly position, strictly kept the secret of the neon's habitat and secretly left for Amazon for a new batch of fish. This situation lasted for three years until spies of aquarium companies traced Rabo by the Ucayali River, where he was killed. A year later, the delivery of neon fish was arranged without the participation of the deceased.
Neons, what else ?! - Neon is called the initiators of aquarium chemistry.This is due to the fact that for their breeding and obtaining the “desired soft, spawning water” aquarists had to carefully study the hydrochemistry of water, because of which the aquarium case went up to an even higher level.
- Caviar and young neon catastrophically afraid of lighting, from which they inevitably die. Such a malicious joke is played with them by the neon genetic program, which allows the fish to develop only in the twilight, as it happens in the tropical environment of the Amazon River.
- Neons have scales, but under it the skin, which consists of special pigment cells - chromatophore. Actually, they produce from the blood the neon-metallic color of the fish.
- Fish do not emit light, it is only a reflection and refraction of the incident rays of light.
- Not only neons, but also many other inhabitants of the aquarium world can glow with neon. For example, neon goby oceanops (Elacatinus oceanops), the size of which is comparable to neon and is 5 cm.
in the photo is a neon bull - Many lovers of the aquarium world are wondering, why does neonam need such an eye-catching color, is it very dangerous? Until now, there is no scientific explanation for this color of fish. There is only the assumption that they need it to attract a partner in the mating season, as well as to confuse the predator, fooling it when the flock of neons crumbles. Recommended neon literature:
1.Kochetov S. "Neons and small haracinids"
2. Kochetov S. "Characteristic in an aquarium: from neons to piranhas"
The author of the book tells about many species of tropical fish, including neon fish and other small species. From the books you will learn how to prepare an aquarium for neons, their conditions of detention, feeding and breeding.
Beautiful photo review of neon fish
Interesting video with neon
Neon content rules
Neon aquarium fish are popular pets. The most common in domestic aquariums are neon or blue gay fishes (Latin Paracheirodon innesi). Natural habitat - freshwater rivers of South America. For the first time, neons were cultivated in the 30s of the twentieth century, after which the demand for them does not stop. Blue neons live in a flock, which creates an impressive view inside the aquascape. The neon fish has a fantastic appearance: on the silver body you can see a horizontal, neon strip that flickers even at night. Also, all types of neon differ in their peaceful disposition, unpretentiousness in maintenance and care.
Neon ordinary are small flocking fish, whose body size reaches an average of 3 cm. Neon differ in a bright blue stripe that passes through the entire body. Parallel to it is a stripe of bright red color, which comes from the middle of the body, and ends at the caudal fin. All fins are small, transparent.
Sexual dimorphism is expressed - the females are fuller, which is noticeable in the school of fish, the abdomen of the males is flat, against the background of the females they look angular. Sex can only be determined in adults, at an early age it is almost impossible. It is better to buy a little flock of 6-8 fish, and with time pairs will form in it.
The content of this fish is preferably in a spacious, densely planted aquarium with a dark ground. Place enough snags and shelters in the tank, creating a semblance of a natural biotope. Prefer soft and subacidic water. Life expectancy in captivity - 1.5-3 years, depending on what kind of care they will be provided.
The most common disease of this type is plystiforosis (neon disease). Its symptoms are loss of scale color and further death, since the disease is not treated. It occurs as a result of severe stress and inappropriate care.
Look at the neon fish and danios in the aquarium.
Rules of maintenance and care
Neons are not suitable for new, recently launched aquariums. Although they are distinguished by their endurance, their small body will hardly endure drastic changes in the aquatic environment. Run these fish into an aquarium with prepared, infused water, where the eco system is already installed. Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 18-24 degrees Celsius, acidity 5.5.-7.5 pH, hardness 8-10 ° on average, although they can transfer and 20 °.
In the natural waters of South America, neons live in dark water, at the bottom of which there are many fallen leaves and plants. It is important to create a diffused light in the aquascape, to install stones, plants and snags that would obscure the space. As the soil, you can choose dark sand, against which the fish will look beautiful. The maintenance and care in an aquarium will not make it difficult even for a novice in aquarism. Maintain the temperature of the water, siphon the bottom in time and clean the water, making water changes once a week, 25% of the total volume. Use external and internal filter.
Neons are unpretentious in feeding - they eat live, frozen, artificial food, but small, because they have a small mouth. Pay attention to the fact that neons float in the bottom layers of the tank, so all the food should fall slowly and not dissolve in water. It is preferable to give chopped tubule, Artemia, Daphnia, Cyclops, feed with vegetable components. It is better not to overfeed with a crank, you can also buy feed for small tetras, which will make the color of the fish more vivid.
All types of neon are distinguished by non-aggressive behavior, they do not touch their neighbors in the aquarium, they easily get along with peaceful and small fishes. With the wrong settlement (with predators, large species), become their victims. Get along well with the scalars, if they grew up with them from the age of young. They live beautifully with corridors, specialties, iris, tetras, cardinals, labo and other civilians of the underwater world.
Watch the video about the red neon content.
Varieties: short description
Black neon is an endemic of the Brazilian rivers Rio Paraguay and Rio Taguari. Nowadays, this species is bred on fish farms and in domestic aquariums, the sale of caught fish from rivers is prohibited. In appearance it resembles blue neon, however, the color of the strip on the body is not blue, but dark. Body size - 4 cm in length. The water in the biotope of a natural pond is colored dark due to fallen leaves and branches on the bottom. Therefore, the content of such fish involves the creation of a natural biotope. Line out branches and leaves at the bottom of the tank; you can add a little peat extract to dye the water and create a weakly acidic, mild aqueous medium. Recommended water parameters: temperature 22-28 degrees Celsius, acidity 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 2-15o. Feeding preferably varied.
Red neons - different original color of the body. The color of the back is olive-beige, from the eye of the fatty fin there is a horizontal luminous strip, which changes its color depending on the spectrum of the light. On the side of the body there is a bright red stripe. The fins are all transparent and small. Like blue neon, females are denser and rounder than males. These are schooling fish, the content of which is possible in a shoal of 6-8 fish each. Caring for them is easy even for a beginner - they tolerate small changes in water parameters. They prefer diffuse light, partial shade, and are very sensitive to bright light.
Green neon is a small schooling fish, which is also endemic to South American rivers. Mostly caught in the nature of fish are on sale. Thanks to endurance and high adaptability, they are well acclimatized in captivity. Body color is bluish-green, and flickers with multi-colored highlights, depending on the spectrum of light. The body length is 3-3.5 cm. Green neon does not like water with high acidity and hardness. Acceptable parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 22-27 degrees, acidity 4.0-6.5 pH, hardness 0-8o. It is recommended to feed with artemia, daphnia and frozen feed.
Neon fish: care and maintenance
Paracheirodon (lat.) - charming neon fish, peace-loving inhabitants of domestic water bodies, perfectly adjacent to other small breeds of aquarium fish. The flocks of these freshwater pets of the family of haracin plants against a green background of plants look spectacular. Where did these beauties come from in our aquariums, what kind of care they need and how to maintain them correctly - questions are non-trivial and require detailed consideration.
Where do neon aquarists come from?
The taming of miniature beauties happened 80 years ago, when during a water hunt in the Amazonian jungle, a French naturalist discovered miniature brilliant fish in his catch and brought several copies to his homeland.
Auguste Rabo, the very French naturalist who first discovered neons in the Amazon, made a fortune by importing and selling all new specimens of exotic fish. Over time, the habitats of neons were discovered, and a little later, after many unsuccessful experiments, they learned to breed in captivity.
What are neons and how to distinguish them?
In nature, an elegant neon schooling fish lives in clean, soft water of water bodies rich in vegetation. In the home aquarium of these active pets should be kept with a flock of up to ten individuals, as they need a society of fish of their own species, with which mobile aquarium inhabitants have fun, swimming mainly in the depths of the aquarium.
There are different in color neons - blue, red, black, blue. The blue variety is distinguished by a blue stripe, which passes to the tail in a violet or green color.
A distinctive feature of red fish is the presence of a bright red color in the lower part of their body.
Representatives of the blue variety of exotic pets do not have red tones on the body at all.
And for black ones there is a narrow blue stripe on top and a wide black stripe goes along the bottom of the body.
Neon fish: care
Neon pet aquariums do not differ in the complexity of care, and to overcome this simple science by the forces of the most unsophisticated aquarist. The most comfortable temperature for fish is from 18 to 23 ° C. A higher temperature indicator of aquarium water provokes accelerated aging of the pet's body, which may cause it to die without producing offspring.
The diet of neons should be varied, with a partial entry of dry live food and:
- a pipemaker;
- small varieties of daphnia;
- finished dry food;
- gruel, consisting of lettuce leaves, duckweed and spinach leaves.
It should be borne in mind that fish obesity inhibits their reproduction, and therefore, feeding should not be frequent. It is enough once a day with one fasting day a week.
Neon fish: content
Moving neons are very shy, which causes them to keep a flock, and this gives a decorative aquarium. A thirty-liter tank with abundant vegetation is an appropriate housing for neons. If the reservoir is aerated, then 1.5 liters of volume is enough for one individual; without air blowing, one pet should have at least 3 liters of aquarium volume.
Planting aquatic plants optimally placed in the back, as well as the side walls of the tank. However, you need to know that free space for movement of neons is also necessary.
As neighbors for small inhabitants of a household reservoir it is necessary to consider the same undersized creatures. Will fit:
- Minors and other peace-loving inhabitants of the reservoir.
But larger fish, for example, adult scalar, barbus, cichlid may quite once have lunch with neon malyuzga, therefore they are unsuitable as companions for your pet.
Neon fish: breeding
These inhabitants of the domestic reservoir become sexually mature by their performance of 7-12 months. For spawning and trouble-free breeding of fish (the number of pairs depends on the volume of the spawning grounds) is deposited in a separate container of 10 liters with soft water. Spawning occurs fairly quickly - during the night or during the day.
When the adults appear on the bottom of the calf, they are deposited back into the aquarium, and the water in the breeding ground is cast to a level of 10 cm, and after five days the container with small neons can be lit. Larvae become independent by this time, begin to swim and feed.
In the general aquarium a new generation can be released at the age of one and a half months.
If you follow all the above rules for the maintenance and care of aquarium neon (providing a varied diet, timely cleaning of the reservoir and changing water, the optimal choice of neighbors in the aquarium), your pets will live a long time, delighting you with a bright exotic color.
As the spawn of neons, we look at the video:
How neon fish breed
The reproduction of neons is not so difficult in the conditions of a home aquarium, if you follow a number of requirements. First of all, you should know that in the wild, spawning of neon fish occurs during the rainy season, and lasts 1.5-2 months during the year. When spawning ends, the fish calm down and take a break. Neons brought into our country can breed at any time of the year, which simplifies their breeding. A variety of live food, replacement of aquarium water stimulate their mating season. You should know that all types of neons (blue, blue, red, black and others) are not viviparous, but ringing fish.
How does the reproduction process in neons
Aquarium neons should spawn under careful supervision - due to changes in the natural rhythms of life, laying eggs can be endangered. All males and females must be transferred to different reservoirs, and before being placed in a general spawning ground, a short “acquaintance” between the fish should be carried out 5 times. The neon female can lay eggs every week, and the male can produce milk 2 times less. Sexual dimorphism is expressed during the breeding season - females are rounded in the abdomen, the swimbladder excretes in males, it shifts to the anus, which is not present in females.
Before the spawning device, prepare the water - take the water from the tap, let it infuse for several days in a glass container, then heat it to the required temperature. The optimal parameters of the aquatic environment will ensure the fertilization of the maximum number of eggs, and their ripening. Aquarium for spawning, you can choose the average - 30-50 liters per pair. It is not necessary to line the bottom at its bottom. Allowable water temperature in the tank: 25-26 degrees Celsius, hardness 2-4o, acidity 6.5-7.0 pH.
See how to prepare an aquarium for breeding neon.
Successful breeding will provide the substrate in the form of aquatic plants. At the bottom of the tank you can put a few sprigs of miriofillum or javanese moss. It is better to launch fish that are ready for spawning to the aquarium in the evening, a few hours before turning off the light - so the pair will get used to each other faster, and in the morning the caviar will be swept up.
Aquarium fish, despite the fact that they are contained in different conditions of the aquatic environment, unlike natural relatives, behave in this process in a similar way. Two males are usually run on one female, and they instantly attack her, and the male who is faster than the opponent, wins, it fertilizes the eggs thanks to the highest degree of readiness. Prior to the spawning process, males and females float above the plants. Then she puts her eggs on plants in a chaotic manner.
The first few hours after spawning, the eggs have an adhesive texture. Once on the plant, they are fixed on them, and then, with a slight fluctuation of water, fall to the bottom. Therefore, it is impossible to line the soil in the tank - the substrate can damage their thin surface. 3-4 hours after the breeding process, the male and female are caught from the spawning net with a net, and if this is not done immediately, then the producers can eat their fruits.
How to care for brood
Unfortunately, not all fertilized eggs can survive, some can get a fungus, and some will die during the ripening period. After 9 hours, surviving, unspoiled fertilized eggs can be selected from the rest with a medical pipette. Transfer them to another container with similar parameters of water so that they do not get infected and die.
Watch a video on how to care for neons and how fish breed.
The most dangerous enemy of neon eggs is harmful bacteria and fungus. With the help of drugs Trypaflavin, methylene blue or General Tonic, you can stop the reproduction of microbes, thereby ensuring the life of future fish. After adding the drug, the water level can be reduced by 7-10 cm. Caviar will ripen until the larvae appear. This will happen in 24 hours if the temperature of the aqueous medium is 24-25 ° C.
After a few days the fish fry can swim in the upper layers of the water, at the same time they can be given food that they themselves will eat. Starter food for fry - Cyclops larvae (for the first 4 weeks of life, until the first color strips appear on the body). If you know how to produce infusoria, rotifers or other types of plankton at home, you can add this feed.
The fish grow quickly, later they will require another feeding, now they can be given small cyclops, chopped live food. When the brood grows up, the surviving fry can be moved to another aquarium with a temperature of 24-25 degrees, water hardness of 10-12 o. This is necessary so that they are not infected with plistofora. At first they will adapt to the new conditions, in a month they will get used to them completely. If the water is too hard (take measurements with devices with indicators), soften it with special tools that are in stores.
What are the best neon fish fishes?
Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants.Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish. Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.
What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species. But one thing unites them - a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors. So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.
Settlement rules in a common aquarium
Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful. There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.
Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.
- Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
- Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them - the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
- You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
- Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
- Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.
- A territorial niche should be installed in the aquarium. That is, all types of fish should swim in certain layers of water - in the lower, middle or upper. So they will not interfere with each other. Neons, like somiki corridor, swim in the bottom layer of the aquatic environment.
- Neons love plants not as a delicacy, but as scenery or shelter, among which you can swim or hide. If other aquarium fish gnaw leaves, or are prone to such sabotage, neons can suffer greatly.
- During all diseases, the fish must be treated, and the treatment methods may not be the same for all fish. Some tolerate treatment with salt, copper, and others - no. Neons are not particularly sensitive to copper-based drugs. Therefore, their neighbors can become fish with the same portability. Then the treatment can take place in the general aquarium.
With whom neons can and cannot get along
Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.
See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.
Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.
Rasbory - can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the Karpov family.
Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) - peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active. It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable. So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.
Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:
- Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, cockerels, koi carps - those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
- Goldfish - they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
- Angelfish - can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.
Neon Fish - Breeding
For almost a hundred years, neon fish are popular all over the world. They are unpretentious, eat any food and can live in any water. But despite the fact that the maintenance of neon fish does not cause problems even for beginning aquarists, breeding them is more difficult than other fish. For spawning, they require special conditions.
How do neon fish breed?
These fish reach sexual maturity in 6-9 months. The spawning period usually lasts from October to January, but can occur at any other time. Large females with a belly filled with caviar and active males are selected. For successful breeding of fish neon you need to properly maintain them: it is desirable to feed them with live food and maintain a not very high temperature in the aquarium. Before spawning, somewhere in two weeks, you need to keep the males and females separately and feed them intensely. After that, they need to be transplanted into a specially prepared small aquarium, preferably in the afternoon. At this time it is better not to feed them.
What should be an aquarium for spawning neon?
For breeding aquarium fish neon need to follow certain rules:
- The tank should be slightly elongated, at least 40 centimeters in length. It is desirable to disinfect it.
- He must darken at least two walls, the sun's rays should not fall on him, as the eggs from them die.
- Water must be defended, and for successful fertilization of eggs, it must be soft and not colder than 24 degrees. It is necessary to pour it a little - no more than 20 centimeters.
- Soil in such an aquarium is not needed. Put javan moss or synthetic sponge on the bottom. Allowed plants such as fern or kriptorina. It is advisable to put a net on the bottom so that the fish do not eat their eggs.
If you put the fish in the spawning in the evening, then in the morning they usually spawn. The female can sweep about 200 non-sticky eggs. After that, the producers need to be transplanted into the general aquarium, and the spawn should be darkened. Usually the fry hatch in a day. And they begin to swim in 4-5 days. With all these conditions, the breeding of neon fish is not so difficult.