Fishes

Orange fish

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.

NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.

Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree. Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish

COMET

Beautiful fish "in the soul" remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up water and dig out plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name of aquarium fish-COMET

Ancistrus

Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color - brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts - pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name of aquarium fish - ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER - one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a "sword". They are also known for eating algae and snails.

MECHENOSTSY-Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 25 °; pH 7 - 8

Corridor

Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium - buy a corridor.

CORRIDORName of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. Feature of the fish - thorns, which are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN-Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs - for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular. Size in the aquarium - up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS-The name of aquarium fish

SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED - peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years. It eats algae of almost all types and even Vietnamese.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 4 - 20 °; pH 6.5 - 7

AlgaeName of aquarium fish

DISKUS - the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 - 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 - 6

DISKUS-Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI - the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat - North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 - 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

GUPPI-Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

AKULIY BALA-Name of aquarium fish

COCK - betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 - 28 ° С; dH 5 - 15 °; pH 6 - 8

COCK-Name of aquarium fish

GURAMI - peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 10 °; pH 6.5 - 7

GURAMI-Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color - a black body with longitudinal white stripes. Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO-Name of aquarium fish

Telescope

Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters. Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail. The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

MollensiaName of aquarium fish

Pecilia

Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus - petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches. Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish

Macropod

Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude. It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD-Name of aquarium fish

NEON - mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 - 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 - 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY - angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 - 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 - 27 ° С; dH 6 - 15 °; pH 6.5 - 7.5

SCALARIUMName of aquarium fish

Tetra

Tetra fishes like when there are a lot of live plants in an aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

Tetra-Name of aquarium fish

Ternesia

Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color - black and silver, in black vertical stripes. The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA-Name of aquarium fish

Iridescents

The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

Rainbows-Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS - large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 - 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

ASTROTONUSName of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE - bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 - 25 ° С; dH 4 - 18 °; pH 6 - 7.5

FISH KNIFEName of aquarium fish

Coral reef & 3 HOURS Relax Music HD 1080p

A beautiful aquarium on 4 thousand liters of video HD

TOP yellow aquarium fish

Yellow aquarium fish will give saturation to your aquarium. There are species that the wild nature has endowed with a yellow body color, other fish were bred as a result of selection work. Nowadays, you can buy both freshwater and marine fish with a yellow color, so the choice is wide.

Yellow freshwater fish

Labidochromis yellow (yellow) is a beautiful aquarium fish of the Cichlid family (from Malawi). In captivity can grow in size from 8 to 12 cm. At labidochromis, the body is elongated, flattened on either side. Scale color is yellow; there is a horizontal black stripe on the dorsal fin. The abdominal and anal fins are black. The tail is translucent with black spots. There are instances with a completely yellow body. Keep the fish better in a pair or several pairs in a spacious aquarium (100 liters for two individuals). The fish has a livable nature, so both calm and active fish can become its neighbors. Young labidochromis are grayish-yellow. Life expectancy is 10 years.

Yellow mollies - light-loving aquarium fish. Body color is rich yellow, dark spots can be found on fins. In length, the fish grows no more than 5 cm. Some individuals may have a greenish or malachite outflow of scales. There is no albinism among the yellow mollies. The fish have dark eyes with silver iris around the pupils. Fry of yellow species have a dark color. You need to keep the fish in a tropical aquarium with a water temperature of 24-27 o C, you can a small flock. Get on with peaceful fish of small size.

Girinoheylus - aquarium fish that reaches the size of 15-25 cm in length. Belongs to the carp family, the second name is the Chinese seaweed. Thanks to the suction mouth, the girinoheylus scrapes off the algal fouling. It is believed that this is an aggressive look, so it can engage in fights with its kindred. They are usually kept alone, or in the company of other fish, but in a very spacious tank. Externally, the fish looks elegant - the body of elongated symmetry, the color is golden yellow. The eyes are large, black with gold rims. Girinoheylus eat only vegetable food - plants, algae and vegetables.

See how the girinoheylus fights with platydhoras.

Yellow, or gold ancistrus - beautiful fish for the aquarium, which bring good luck. Can grow up to 15 cm in length. The mouth has a pair of antennae. The head is large, the eyes are black with golden irises. Lead a bottom life. Due to the relatively large size, it is better to keep the fish with proportionate relatives, or with larger fish. Small fish can be taken as food. Antsistrus brings benefits to the aquarium - cleans the glass of the tank, plants and decorations from algal fouling.

Barbus Schubert is a carp fish from the freshwater rivers of Southeast Asia. The body length is 5-7 cm. The body has a brilliant yellow tint. There are black horizontal stripes on the body, and a horizontal strip with an orange tint on the bottom of the body. On the body can be randomly scattered black spots. Fins are brownish-orange, two-blade tail fin. Males have a brighter color. The body is dense, flattened on the sides. Schooling view, it is better to contain 8-10 individuals in a spacious tank. These barbs are peaceful fish, so you can keep them with their neighbors proportionate and calm.

Yellow parrot - artificially bred cichlid. The body is round, barrel-shaped, the lips are large, the color is bright yellow, monophonic. Body size - up to 20 cm in length, life expectancy - 10 years. The fins are small, strong body. But the spine is deformed, which affects the ability to swim. With age, body color turns pale. It has a playful, peaceful and friendly character. Parrot fish rarely spawn, and it is barren, although the male and female will care for it until they eat it.

Yellow sea fish

Zebra yellow - a sea fish, belongs to the Surgical family. The length of the body is 20 cm. The fish is distinguished by its active behavior and unpretentious content. Body color is lemon yellow, eyes are large. Caudal fin single-blade, small. Swims in the bottom layers of the aquarium, in the ground looking for food. When it darkens in the aquarium, a brownish stain appears on the body with a white line. In the daytime, this stain disappears. There are instances of albinos. Males are slightly larger than females, although sex differences are barely noticeable. The fry are also yellow.

Take a look at the zebra yellow.

Centropig yellow - a fish originally from the Pacific Ocean. The color is golden yellow, horizontal blue stripes are found on the fins. Behind the eye there is a vague blue spot, the lower lip is also blue in color. The maximum body size is 10 cm in length. In the wild, centropigi live in harem groups of 4-6 individuals. Adult fish feed on sponges and algae, young - on plankton. In captivity they adapt well, it is recommended to settle in aquariums with a volume of 80 liters or more. The water temperature is 24-26 degrees Celsius, pH 8.0-8.4. It is better to lodge an adult centropig alone in an aquarium, and young animals should be kept in a group.

The three-spotted apolemicht is an aquarium fish originally from the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body color is lemon yellow, anal fin is white with black edging, on the head there are several black spots, lips are blue-blue color. The maximum body size is 25 cm. Apolemicht lives alone in nature, feeding on sponges and invertebrates. He lives in captivity for a long time - up to 25 years, so such a pet needs to ensure the most comfortable conditions of detention. The water temperature in the aquarium is 23-26 degrees Celsius, the pH is 8.1-8.4. It is not recommended to keep in reef aquariums, as they damage corals. Apolemichts cannot be kept in pairs, or with related species. It is recommended to settle with large crustaceans. The basis of the food diet consists of sponges and algae, shrimp, artemia and plants.

The names of the smallest aquarium fish

Most aquarium enthusiasts can afford to install aquariums of only small sizes. Such models, with a capacity of up to 100 liters, perfectly fit to the interior of the apartment. Such small tanks are easy to maintain and require little cost, just like the small aquarium fish that inhabit them..

Fish farming is a fascinating and at the same time, a complex process, the main thing in which is the result, namely, the contemplation of the colorful living underwater world. The advantages of large aquariums in this sense are high, however, compact options can successfully perform this decorative function. It all depends on how well you pick up its inhabitants - the smallest fish.

Viviparous small fish

A great option - breeding the most persistent fish - guppies. They are not the smallest, however, demonstrate a high survivability and are the most enduring of the schooling inhabitants of the home “reservoir”. Your aquarium will be filled with bright colors, thanks to the main beauty of these schooling fish - tail fin, especially if you get interesting specimens. A flock of 15-20 fish will color your aquarium with bright lights.

A gaggle of adult Endler guppies.

A great solution for settling a small aquarium will be the swordtails, which got their name, due to the fact that on the tail fin males-like process appears on the tail fin. Feeding the Swordsmen will not cause difficulties, because the food suits them varied: dry, live, and frozen.You should not breed them in aquariums with a capacity of more than 50 liters, because in these conditions swordtails can grow up to 10 - 12 cm. The most ideal recipe for breeding them: run a company of 15-20 waterfowl into 50 liters of water with temperature 20 - 25 and, voila . Your eyes are already pleased with the magnificent red, black, green, and even spotty and tiger representatives of this genus.

A flock of 10 miniature mollies of elegant black color will look very interesting. However, such refined beauty requires better quality care. The pledge that they will give you joy from their contemplation is a bright light and periodic salting of water, maintaining the temperature not lower than 20 ° С.

Calving fishes

Among this type of aquarium pets barbs are widely distributed (Sumatran, fiery, dark-haired ruby, tiger), which prefer live food and grow to about 6 centimeters. They are quite unpretentious, but they should be purchased in pairs. These smallest aquarium pets can not be settled with relatives of veil forms because barbs are able to nibble their fins.

See how live barbs look like.

The presence of the smallest aquarium fish - danio rerio or danio inle will be spectacular. These most active and very playful small schooling fish prefer live or dry food, and their size reaches 3 to 5 centimeters. Excessive mobility of waterfowl, unfortunately, is dangerous for them. Often, danios jump out of their pool, so only closed aquariums are suitable for growing them.

Talking about the smallest fish for breeding, it is impossible not to mention the well-known neon. These smallest inhabitants of indoor ponds are famous for their amazing color, or rather neon luminous strip, which runs through the whole body. Like all small fish, neons are schooling, so it is worth to settle them in groups of 10 pieces.

Look at the neon aquarium.

Whatever schooling fish you choose, it is very important to understand that their attractive colorful appearance and cheerfulness depend on you completely. It should be borne in mind that the minimum allowable amount of water for each instance can not be less than 3 liters. Too many water dwellers will transform your source of inspiration and positive into a kind of "communal apartment" and will not in the best way affect their behavior. Maintaining an optimal temperature, a weekly water change of 20 percent, the presence of an aquarium filter, aeration and the right food - these simple procedures will help you enjoy the contemplation of the brilliance of bright colors in the aquarium.

And here's another great selection of nano fish - look:

Aquarium fish of all colors: black, red, blue, orange, yellow

FISHING ALL FLOWERS
black fish
red fish
blue fishes
orange fish,
yellow aquarium fish

Countless decorative aquarium fish are divided into: family, clan, squads, species, subspecies, etc. And here, the division of fish in colorYou practically never meet anywhere. It is understandable ... because there are so many of them ... besides, in one kind of aquarium fish there can be small fish, and blue, and red, and yellow ...

Below, I tried to collect some types of popular aquarium fish and smash them according to the COLOR RANGE, that's what happened: -

AQUARIUM FISHING BLACK COLOR


Agamixis White-Spotted Ancistrus

Ctenopoma Sizaya Labeo


Bag-breeding catfish Mollies

Scalar telescope


Star trophyus Cyclose of Barton


Tsikhlazoma black-striped black knife

AQUARIUM RED COLORS



Barbus fire Barbus cherry


Danio pink Glossolepis red

Red neon Xifoforus or Pecilia


Sword-bearer Chromis handsome

AQUARIUM FISHING OF BLUE COLOR


Akara Turquoise Borelli Appistogram


Botsia Modest Danio rerio


Blue Dolphin Guppy


Gorami blue Discus blue


Dragon Queen Nyasa

Labeo green Labeotrofeus evabas
AQUARIUM ORANGE COLORS

Amphyprion Afiosemiona south


Water Eyes Vealehvost

Ranchu Telescope

AQUARIUM YELLOW FISHING

Antsistrus Botsia Baia


Bricinus long-fusible Girinohelius


Gourami Golden Pearl


Lamprologus orange scalar

Read more about each fish,

You can find it in the list below:

Aquarium for beginners

LIST OF ALL AQUARIUM FISHES

Category: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR CONTENTING FISHES | Hits: 24 900 | Date: 22-04-2013, 14:37 | Comments (0) We also recommend reading:
  • - Aquarium fish crossword puzzle crossword
  • - Aquarium fish and cats live together?
  • - Plaque in the aquarium, on the walls and stones: green, brown, brown, white, mucus in the aquarium!
  • - What are the fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?
  • - Why aquarium - all the answers

Popular aquarium fish


POPULAR AQUARIUM FISHES

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world. They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Order, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium - he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food. The activity of these catfishes is manifested with the onset of twilight or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind - the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Order, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Particular attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch. Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums. Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Order, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 - 26 ° C.
Ph: 6,5 - 8,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland - the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is stagnant. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors. An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish - artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5-7.5, water hardness: 5-15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Order, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5,8-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm. The shape of the body is discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care - for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters. However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone. After all, even with mother's milk, we all heard the fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish - silver carp.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish. They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty - anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Order, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable - Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium - by keeping them with "Goldfish" you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition. Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price. May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Order, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 - 25 ° C.
Ph: 7,0 - 7,5.
dH: 5-20°.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name. In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Order, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
"Acidity" Ph: 5,5 - 8°.
Stiffness dH: 5-20° .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
Order, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors. Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors, we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive cichlids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium. Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature - deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Order, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 - 24 p.
"Acidity" Ph: 5,7 - 7,0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin "thorax" - the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Order, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph "acidity": 5,8-7,5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish - these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma - one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words "nigro" - black and "fascia" - ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30°.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos


The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. TOP 10 DIFFICULT FISHERS Keeping fish is not as difficult as it sounds. However, aquarium fish, like any living creature, require care and time, which many people, by virtue of employment, simply do not have !!! This topic is left based on the following requirements for aquarium fish: unpretentious fish, small fish, easy-to-keep fish, the most enduring aquarium fish, tenacious fish, easy-working fish. 1 place Guppy

I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.

Everyone probably knows these fish ... even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand "harsh conditions of detention." I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. - horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So you should not mock the fish !!! But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.

GUPPI - THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INNONTAINTH AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE "AS A KROL" INDEPENDENTLY - YOU WILL ALWAYS UPDATE "AQUARIUM PAINTS" WILL READ ABOUT GUPS more details

2nd place Swordtails

A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a "sword" on the lower edge of the caudal fin.

Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more). A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.

An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can “at some” moment become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.

HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.

You can read more about MUCHENORTSAKH here ...

3rd place Somiki corridors

It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish - a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are "nurses of the aquarium world": they clean the soil and eat the remains of vital activity. The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respirationi.e. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.

The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food. In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.

You can read more about CORRIDORATUSES here ...

4th place Mollies

Molly, like guppies - viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions. Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika winners”.

Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.

You can read more about MOLLINESIA here ...

5th place Tetras - Harazinki

All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in "Spartan conditions" as guppies. They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.

You can read more about TETRAH here ...

6th place Ternetsii

Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish. Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants. Aeration, filtration - yes!

You can read more about TERNIA here ...

7th place Danio (rerio, pink)

Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them - briskness and speed of movement. They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.

Read more about DANIO here ...

8th place Torakatum

One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content. They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Compatible with all kinds of fish. The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.

You can read more about TORAKATUM here ...

9th place Gourami

Gourami - are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth - fish do not need aerationthey breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMI here ...

10 place Barbus

Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start barbs, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik." "Pirate" temper, the ability to stand up for themselves - deserve 10th place. You can read more about BARBUSH here ...

Of course, the above TOP is conditional - always remember the words

Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery

"We are responsible for those who have tamed"

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish

Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish

























































Red and blue "zebras" in the aquarium

One of the most popular fish among aquarists, preferring the endemics of Lake Malawi, is the pseudotrophic zebra cichlid. In the wild, this fish has about 50 different color variations. The following forms of coloring are especially common: blue and blue, gray, yellow-orange (yellow-orange female and blue male), double red zebra (red female and red male). These cichlids belong to the group of Malawian mbuna cichlids.

Among aquarian inhabitants, red zebras of fish and mbunas with other coloring options are considered relatively large. In this case, it is the red least zadirista. The length of their body when kept in captivity can reach 15 cm. In nature, the fish is slightly smaller - about 8 cm. The body of the aquarium fish is slightly compressed from the sides and elongated. Dorsal fin is long. The anal fin is decorated with yellow specks with black edging. On the body can be from 7 to 9 strips. The color of fish is significantly influenced by conditions of detention and age. This fish has rather large eyes and thick lips, and in adult males there is a fat pad on the forehead.


Content

It must be said that the pseudo-trophy zebra is very aggressive. Even the most tranquil red zebras are cichlids that require very thoughtful and serious selection of neighbors when kept in a common aquarium. The main recommendation for owners is to keep pseudo-trophies of red zebras only together with other Malawian cichlids. The most advantageous design of an aquarium for keeping fish is imitation of the natural conditions of their habitat. A rocky bottom replicating Malawi’s underwater cliffs is the best option. It is in an aquarium designed in such a way that cichlids will look the most advantageous.

Look at the pseudo-trophic zebra spawning.

For the maintenance of these fish, differing in the most interesting behavior and bright color, a sufficiently large aquarium is needed - from 150 liters and more. It is this volume that is minimally required for the normal life of several aquarium fish Pseudotrofeus Zebra. For these fish, clean and oxygen-rich water is important, which means installing an internal filter with good performance and a compressor is absolutely essential. Temperature range, comfortable for mbun 24 - 26 ° С. For this cichlid, suitable water with a pH of 7.2 - 8.5 and a hardness of 8 - 20 °. Weekly water changes are very important. At the same time should be replaced about 25% of the total volume of the aquarium. If you succeed in achieving optimal conditions for keeping, this aquarium fish may well live up to 6 years in an aquarium.

Cichlids living in groups of 1 males from females will feel most comfortable. At the same time in an aquarium it is worthwhile to organize quite secluded corners. This is necessary so that the females can hide from the male's persecution. It is important to remember about the territoriality of the aquarium fish red zebra and mbun other colors. The jaws are equipped with very sharp teeth, which float not only for food. Red or blue zebras are aquarium fish that can easily attack and take flight from larger opponents.


Diet

Psevdotrofeus zebra eats the most diverse food. But it is important to know that only 30% of it must be of animal origin. Daphnia, Cyclops, Koreter, chopped finely beef liver and seafood your pets fully approve. The remaining 70% of the diet - food of plant origin. She is also very diverse. Suitable not only dry vegetable food from well-known manufacturers of products for aquarists, but also chopped lettuce, dandelion, plantain, nettle, rolled oats. The pledge of proper nutrition of cichlids is diversity and moderation. Excess food, especially of animal origin, will inevitably lead to obesity, which is not the best way to affect the health of the fish.

See how the pseudo-trophic zebra fish play with each other.

Breeding

Maturity fish reaches the end of the first year of life. In aquarium fish zebras red, blue and other colors males are somewhat larger, their dorsal fin is noticeably sharpened. The best producers are cichlids, which are 1.5 years old.


Since these aquarium fish take care of their caviar, it is not necessary to plant them in spawning to breed. The red zebra, like other color variations of this fish, keeps the eggs in the mouth for three weeks. If you plan to breed blue fish, it is important to know that artificial incubation is possible. Female pseudo-trophies of zebra blue and other colors lay up to 100 eggs. Their number is influenced by age and conditions of detention.

After that, fully formed fry appear from the eggs. All fry of cichlid blue zebra, gray, yellow-orange and others have a rather nondescript gray-brown color. Only after six months of life they will acquire the characteristic color of scales and fins. The red zebra in this plan has certain differences. Fry - female zebra fish red yellow-orange. Blue color of young males is manifested only in adulthood. The first 6 months they have a gray color. The main food for fry is zooplankton.

See also: Pseudotropheus - aquarium species

Northern fish - small aquarium predators

These fish are sometimes called false discusses - they resemble the kings of an aquarium with body shape and gorgeous coloring, as well as aristocratic behavior. But the severum is much less demanding in conditions of detention, more resistant to pathogens and stress factors. These reasons largely determine the interest that aquarists have had for them for many years.

Severums are a species (according to some authors, a group of species) of South American cichlids, which are fairly large in size (in aquariums usually 15–20, sometimes up to 30 cm), tall, flattened laterally and in many ways. Some of these color forms are derived by breeding, others are species found in nature in different localities, therefore they are named after these places.

Varieties of North

The following wild forms are found in aquariums:

  • Guyana green Guayana, Guyana - a body of an elongated shape of yellow-green color with pronounced specks forming longitudinal rows; young fishes have dark vertical stripes on their bodies;
  • the turquoise Peruvian severum is silver-blue or green-turquoise, the abdominal and anal fins are orange, the dark vertical stripes expressed in young fish turn pale with age, only one remains between the anal and dorsal fin;
  • red-shouldered or red-headed severum, Rotkeil-greenish-olive body, red-orange fins, broad bright orange stripe behind the head;
  • blue emerald, Santarem- body of blue or dark blue color with green shimmer and dark stripes, turning into spots with age;
  • turquoise, Turqoise Manaus - is similar to the previous species, differs in a shade of coloring and more blunt snout;
  • eight-striped severum, Inirida - body of greenish color, has eight vertical stripes, unlike other species, which have nine stripes;
  • red-bellied severum, Mouthbreeder - golden-olive color, belly orange or reddish, in adults one dark stripe near the tail, bearing eggs in the mouth.

In addition, artificially derived variations of severums became widely popular:

  • Gold North, Gold - partial albinos, yellow, males have an orange mask. A more flattened, taller body, almost disc-shaped;
  • red pearl, redpoint, Red Pearl, Red Spot - yellow body with red specks and specks.

It should be noted that over the long years of keeping in aquariums, different severums interbred with each other, therefore many individuals are complex hybrids, and it is not possible to attribute them to a certain variety.

The most beautiful, bright colors with perfectly pronounced masks on the forehead and gills have dominant males of northern seasons.

Behavior

Pisces calm, not busy - contemplators, intellectuals and philosophers. They recognize the owner and easily get used to the fact that he strokes and feeds them with his hands. An alien person who has lowered his hand in an aquarium may be hit hard or bitten. Some lovers of this species claim that the fish are able to communicate with each other with the help of deaf guttural sounds, reminiscent of tapping, which can be heard while being near the aquarium.

Considered less aggressive than most cichlids, aggression is directed mainly at individuals of their own species. At the same time, it can be shown not only by males to other males, but also by females to females.

They form stable pairs or triples - one male and two females, they prefer to choose their partners on their own. The established family secures a certain territory for itself, which it tends to increase over time, sometimes gradually occupying the entire aquarium and displacing all other fish.


Conditions of detention

The main requirement is a spacious aquarium, at least 150 liters per pair, but the more the better.In nature, they live in the black waters of South American rivers, which are characterized by soft, acidic water with a high content of humic acids. Therefore, in the aquarium should create similar conditions:

  • stiffness of 4-10 ° (although they carry up to 25 °);
  • pH 6.0-6.5 (can tolerate up to 7.5);
  • a temperature of 25-26 ° C (fish can tolerate a temporary decrease to 23 ° C, but will stay near heaters).

Priming

River sand is preferable, shelters must be on the bottom - large stones and snags, it is advisable to place fallen leaves of oak, beech or almond in the aquarium. The water should be clean, with a low content of nitrates and organic matter, but old, replacing no more than one fifth of the volume at a time. They like a weak current.

It is very desirable to have live plants in an aquarium, although severum digging, pulling out and biting them. Plants are planted in pots, lined with stones, and preference is given to hardwood or fast-growing species. Another option is to periodically change the plants, removing the spoiled ones from the aquarium and transferring them for restoration to another aquarium.

Feed

More than half of the diet of fish of this species - 70-80% - should be vegetable food. To do this, you can use dry food with herbal supplements (flakes and granules for goldfish, tablets for large cichlids with spirulina).

In addition, it is useful to use natural vegetable food: cucumber, zucchini, sweet peppers, scalded lettuce, spinach, duckweed.

During the cleaning of the aquarium, the severumas are happy to eat the algal bloom removed by the scraper from the walls of the aquarium.

Fish are fed with live, frozen food or minced meat, in which it is better not to use the meat of warm-blooded animals, but to replace it with fish and seafood.

Varieties with reddish and orange tones in the coloring to improve the brightness of the color give food containing carotenoids, for example, specialized dry food for cichlids of red parrots. It is better to feed fish in small portions twice a day.

Breeding

Steam formation

As already mentioned, severum pairs prefer to form on their own. In order to form a pair, a group of five or six teenagers is usually acquired, who will gradually choose their partners. The disadvantage of this approach is that juveniles are usually sold from the same clutch, respectively, the male and female will be brother and sister, and closely related crosses often lead to degeneration of the offspring (however, if you do not plan to receive and raise fry, this method is quite acceptable ).

Another option for matching a pair is to place several young females in an aquarium for an adult male to choose one or two to your taste. After the formation of a pair of other fish is better to remove, because otherwise they will be subjected to constant attacks of the dominant male.

The formed pair keeps together, the fish swim, as if bouncing and swaying, begin to protect the territory, the male drives away other females and sometimes even the host from the female.

Spawning

In good conditions, the severum can spawn from the age of seven months, but the eggs of such young fish are not viable and quickly turns white. It is possible to get offspring from fish of this species approximately from the age of one and a half years

To stimulate spawning, it is recommended to apply a massive water change (or better several changes of 10-15% one after the other), then decrease the temperature by 1-2 ° C, and then gradually increase by 4-5 ° C for two days.

The introduction of live microorganisms into the aquarium gives good results: ciliates, rotifers, daphnias. Adults perceive them as food for future offspring.

Another interesting method of spawning stimulation is the addition of water from another tank to an aquarium, where related species of fish have recently spawned. This water contains pheromones and prompts the severum to also start breeding.

Water spawning parameters:

  • stiffness up to 15 °;
  • pH 7.0;
  • temperature 26-28 ° C.

Spawning

Before spawning, fish perform ritual marriage dances - swim in circles, catching each other with their mouths, or keep at an angle to each other, touching the head of the partner with tail and anal fins.

For laying eggs, a flat stone is usually used, you can also put another substrate in an aquarium, for example, a crock of a flowerpot or a small ceramic tile. The female spawns the lines, sticking to the substrate, the male swims next and fertilizes her.

Severums take care of caviar: the female ventilates the clutch by fanning her pectoral fins, and removes the dead eggs, and the male protects her family from other inhabitants of the aquarium.

Development of larvae and fry

Healthy translucent eggs, after two days, they can be seen in the eyes of the larvae. After 4-7 days, the clutch is as if covered with bristles - the tails of babies appear from the eggs. Shortly thereafter, their hatching occurs.

For another 3-5 days, the larvae are inactive, move with short jumps, lie on their side and feed on the contents of the yolk sac. When it comes to an end, the fry begin to swim and search for their own food. They are fed by nauplii of artemia, gradually introducing larger and more diverse feeds.

If a pair of northern seasons has a strong parental instinct, they take care of the fry, guard them, knock them around themselves, feed them up for the first days, and some species of fish wear fry in their mouths.

Unfortunately, in individuals whose ancestors lived for several generations in aquariums, this behavior is not always the case, and parents may not take care of caviar and offspring or simply eat them. Therefore, in such cases, an incubator is used to grow the larvae and fry.

It is a small container with a volume of 10-15 liters with a water level of no more than 10 cm (the water should be from the parent aquarium). A small filter and a heating pad are placed there. The substrate with caviar is placed in the incubator so that the jet from the filter passes directly above it. Methylene blue is added to water to saturated blue.

After the larvae hatch, water is gradually replaced to reduce the concentration of methylene blue (the parental aquarium is used for substitution) and the eggs are removed as a siphon, and after the fry begin to swim confidently, they raise the water level, feed every 4 hours and change partly twice a day water

Compatible with other fish

Since the severumas show territoriality mainly to representatives of their own species, it is quite possible to keep them with other not very aggressive fish of similar or slightly smaller size. Their neighbors may be Akaras, Uaru, astronotus, mesonauts, catfish, large barbs and many others. Severums are incompatible with small fish that may become their prey, as well as slow owners of voile fins.

As you can see, it is worth trying a little, creating good conditions for the severum and choosing suitable neighbors for them, and these fish will be a real decoration of the aquarium and the favorites of the whole family, which you will never get bored of watching.

Severum love game:

What are these orange fish called?

Igor Belousov

They are called the antislias of the lyre-tailed - they are blue-eyed in Latin -Pseudanthias squampinnis.
The bottom photo is mine.

Lizaveta Sergeeva

Lyrebird antias belongs to very bright fish, flocks of which can be found in the Indian and Pacific Ocean, the Red Sea and the Great Barrier Reef. As you can see, their habitat is quite wide. The females of the blue-eyed antias reach 7 centimeters in length, their body is yellow or orange, and they have characteristic strips from the eyes to the lateral fins. Males grow up to 12-15 centimeters, have a characteristic elongated beam at the beginning of the dorsal fin, the body and fins with a tail are mostly reddish or purple in color. The shades of both male and female can differ significantly from the above: a lot depends on the habitat.
Under natural conditions, blue-eyed antias usually feed on zooplankton. In the aquarium, he will not give up frozen Artemia, feed from misyd shrimp and other frozen feed. Feed them several times a day in small portions.
Conditions for antias in an aquarium should be brought closer to the natural ones. In the natural environment there are 5-9 females per male, so after the death of the male one of the females (usually the largest) changes the sex. We recommend planting one male in the aquarium and from five, or better, seven females. Aggression and a rigid hierarchy among these fish can cause some problems to the rifovod, so think carefully about your decision before buying, it may be worthwhile to plant only one lyretail antias.
These bright small fishes live on the slopes of reefs in large flocks and lead an active lifestyle. Due to their good mobility, the minimum displacement of the aquarium should be at least 200-250 liters per fish. And for a whole pack of at least 550-600 liters. There may be clashes with fish with similar preferences in food, for example, with a royal gram. Also, you should not add new anti-species of other species.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send