Cockerel Fish: Care and Maintenance
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
Description and variations
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones - pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
How to equip an aquarium?
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air.
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, the rooster is fairly well tolerated to lower it to 18 ° C. It should be remembered that a long stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with diseases. The control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
The quality and composition of the water cockerel undemanding. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
For the prevention of disease and stress reduction, it is recommended to use a special salt (half a teaspoon per three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums it is held once every two weeks, and in small - once every three days. From the bottom it is necessary to remove all remnants of food.
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth. Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water. It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
For cockerels, river sand or gravel is fine. You can also use purchased painted soil. Before being placed in an aquarium, it must be ignited or rinsed under hot water.
In the aquarium with cockerels you can use both artificial and live plants.
When choosing artificial algae special attention should be paid to the absence of pointed edges, about which the roosters can damage their fins. The best option is silk plants.
However, living algae is still better, since they contribute to the preservation of biological balance in the aquarium. They must occupy at least a third of the space. It is necessary to take care of live plants - to thin out in time, remove rotten leaves. Put them in the ground or in special pots.
Scenery and lighting
Males love to swim between various obstacles, so it is appropriate to have shelters of stones, snags, grottoes, etc. The main thing is that all the decorations are without sharp edges and are environmentally safe.
Do not install the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.). The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes. Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity. Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
The cockerels get along badly even with their own kind. Males constantly divide either territory or female. Therefore, in a small aquarium it is better to keep only a pair of males or a male with two females. You can read about how to settle several males at the same time in one aquarium in the article “How to equip an aquarium?”.Males of cockerel fish are absolutely incompatible with all kinds of peaceful fish, especially those with long tails and fins (for example, guppies). Females are more peaceful.
All fish can be divided into several groups of liveability with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, petilia, black mollies, soma brocade and speckled, terntions, rasbora, ghouls nagging, minors and so on get along well;
- there may be fights with tearing off of tails, if it is neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, gourami spotted, marble and pearl, labo, etc .;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akaras, etc. do not get along at all.
In the cockerel fish, it is quite easy to distinguish the female and the male. The male is slender, has a bright color and long fins. The female is smaller in size, its fins are short, on the abdomen near the tail there is a small white grain, which appears at the age of 3 months. For breeding is better to take a pair at the age of 6-8 months.
Despite the fact that spawning can occur in the general aquarium, it is still better to fish the fish. A pair of aquarium should have a length of at least 15 cm, volume 4-5 liters. They equip it like this: the ground is not laid, a dimmed lighting is installed, a couple of plants with small leaves are placed, water is poured to the level of 10-15 cm (after the mating of the male is reduced to 5 cm), aeration is established. Water temperature should be about 28-30 ° C. Water in advance to defend 3-4 days. It is recommended to establish a shelter (cave) for the female, since the male can be very aggressive during this period.
The first to spawn put the male. There he builds a nest of air bubbles, sealed with his saliva, and small floating plants. After the female begins to spawn, he collects the eggs in his mouth and puts them into the nest. Then the female chases away and takes care of the offspring himself. For better development of caviar, you can add boiled water of the same temperature. After the appearance of the fry, the male is also removed.
Feed the fry finely chopped pipemaker and artemia. Dry flakes are undesirable, as they slow down the development. At three weeks of age, the fry are sorted to avoid eating large small ones. The labyrinth organ in fish is finally formed at the age of one month. Then you can remove aeration. And as soon as the fish begin to show aggression towards their neighbors, they are deposited and begin to contain as adult males.
One of the most common diseases among cockerels is fin rot. It is caused by a specific bacterium that enters the aquarium with poorly treated soil, live food or sick fish. In this disease, the tail and fins descend and become scorched around the edges. If untreated and the disease progresses, the fish may lose its tail and fins.
Other very common ailments of males are dropsy, fungal skin lesions, odinosis, ichthyophthyriosis.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female "fidgets" back and forth, and the male bulges gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus. If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry - they are so relaxed. Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
Siamese cockerels are silk-clad fighters
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males. It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen. It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia. But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result - a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty - greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents. Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish. Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns. Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight. The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting. They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish. Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored. Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend. A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium. He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition. And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale. Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
Habitat in nature
For the first time betta, was described in 1910. It lives in Southeast Asia, in Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam. It is believed that his homeland is Thailand, but with its popularity, it is difficult to say for sure whether this is so. The name "Betta" received from the Javanese "Wuder Bettah". Now in Asia, it is often called "pla-kad", which means biting fish. Interestingly, in Thailand they call "pla kat Khmer" which can be translated as a biting fish from the Khmer land.
B. splendens is one of the more than 70 species described in the genus Betta, and there are 6 or more species of fish that are not systematized. The genus can be divided into two groups, one bears a fry in the mouth, the second grows in a nest of foam.
Betta lives in stagnant or slow-flowing waters, with dense vegetation. He lives in canals, ponds, in rice fields, as well as in medium and large rivers. It refers to the labyrinth, fish that can breathe atmospheric oxygen, which allows them to survive in very harsh conditions.
In nature, the wild is not too beautiful - a long body, with short round fins, brown or greenish body color. But now, it is a collectible and the color as the shape of the fins has such a variety that it is simply impossible to describe it.
Betta fish grows 6-7 cm in length. How many lives aquarium cock? Not very long, usually 2 or 3 years with good care.
Difficulty in content
Fish that is well suited for beginners. It can be kept in very small aquariums, and in different conditions. Unpretentious in food, they will eat almost all available feed. As a rule, they are sold as a fish suitable for a general aquarium, but remember that males fight strongly with each other, beat females and in general can be aggressive during spawning. But he can be kept alone, in a very small aquarium, and he will take it very well.The exhibition of cockerels in the United States:
Although fish and omnivores in nature, they even eat some algae, the basis of their food is insects. In natural waters, they feed on insect larvae, zooplankton, aquatic insects. All kinds of live, frozen, artificial food are eaten in an aquarium. There should be no problem with a cockerel. The only thing you try to diversify it is to alternate the types of feed in order to maintain health and color at a high level.
Maintenance and care
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example. On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones. It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care. You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon. It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. Из регулярного ухода нужно обязательно подменивать воду, порядка 25% от объема в неделю, так как накапливающиеся продукты распада прежде всего скажутся на состоянии плавников. Что касается фильтра, то он не помешает, а вот кислород (аэрация), ему не нужны, он дышит с поверхности воды.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 - 35 dGH.
Who do cockerels get along with? In general, it is well suited for keeping with many fish. Definitely it does not need to be kept with fish who like to tear off fins, for example with dwarf tetradons. However, he himself can do the same, so that it should not be kept with voile species. They themselves sometimes attack other fish, but this is a mistake in identification, apparently taking them from their relatives.Attention! What exactly you should not do is to put two males in one aquarium, as they will definitely fight. Females are less aggressive, although they have a strict hierarchy. One male can be kept with several females, provided that there are enough shelters in the aquarium for the latter. Good neighbors are speckled catfish, cardinals, akantoftalmusy, viviparous.
It is very simple to distinguish a male from a female in males. The male is larger, brighter colored, it has large fins. The females are paler, smaller, the fins are small, and the belly is noticeably rounder. In addition, she keeps modestly, trying to keep secluded corners, and not to catch the eye of the male.
There is foam in the cockpit aquarium? Like most labyrinths, it builds a nest of foam. Reproduction is simple, though problematic because of the temperament of the male and the pain of the young. The fact is that the male can kill the female to death, if it is not set in time. And in order to successfully raise the fry, you need to prepare.
The selected pair of males, it is necessary before breeding to feed abundantly with live food, it is desirable to plant them separately. The female ready for spawning is considerably fattening due to the caviar formed.
The finished pair is deposited in the spawn, in which the water level is not more than 15 cm. On the Internet there are tips that will suit the aquarium and 10 liters in volume, but count how much it will turn out if you reduce the level to 10-15 cm? Pick up the volume based on your capabilities, in any case, it will not be superfluous, since the male will beat the female, and she needs to hide somewhere.
The temperature of the water is raised to 26-28 ° C, after which it proceeds to build a nest and beat the female. In order not to kill her, you need to add thick plants to the spawn, for example, Javanese moss (10 liters is enough, remember?). On the surface of the water to put floating plants, riccia or duckweed.Detailed spawning of a pair of white cockerels:
As soon as the nest is ready, the male will begin to call the female to him. The finished female will fold her fins and show resignation, unprepared will flee. Make sure that the male does not score the female! The male embraces the female with his body, squeezing caviar out of it and releasing milk. In one go, the female lays about 40 ka eggs. On the whole, about 200 eggs are produced during spawning. Basically, the caviar sinks and the male picks it up and folds it into the nest. The female can also help him, but more often she just eats caviar. After spawning, it is better to deposit it immediately.
Caviar is peeking in 24-36 hours. The larva stays in the nest for another 2 or 3 days, until it fully masters its yolk sac and begins to swim. As soon as he swims, it is better to mate the male, as he can eat the fry. The water level must also be lowered, to 5-7 cm, and to include minimal aeration. This is done until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, and it does not begin to swallow air from the surface. After that, the water level gradually increase. This happens after about 4-6 weeks.
Fry need to be fed infusoria, microhard, egg yolk. As they grow, naupilii of artemia and shredded strawberry are added.
The fledger cock grows unevenly and needs to be sorted in order to avoid cannibalism, and in the future also fights.
Detailed article in English: Betta fish or fighting fish
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
The cock aquarium fish (otherwise it is called the Siamese cockerel or the fighting fish) is a representative of the most beautiful aquarium inhabitants. Male and female are easy to distinguish: as a rule, males are painted more intensely and brightly. Aquarists do not cease to admire the fish, their appearance, cool temper, care for the offspring. How many live cockerel fish? Their life expectancy is from 1 to 3 years. Of course, an important role is played by feeding, housing conditions, compatibility with other fish. This is proposed to talk. We will also affect the breeding of cockerels.
Conditions of detention
So, in more detail about how to create the most favorable conditions for the maintenance of the lives of males, or how to care for them:
- the water temperature should be maintained at a level of 24-28 degrees, however if it drops to 18 degrees, the fish will still be able to survive and even develop;
- the acidity of the water should not be more than 7.5;
- water hardness should not exceed 15 degrees.
If we talk about the enrichment of water with oxygen, then the fish has gill breathing and a special respiratory organ, which is called a labyrinth. Thanks to the maze, aquarium cockerels can swallow water with atmospheric air on the surface. For this reason, they are not too sensitive to fluctuations in oxygen concentration or lack thereof.
If we talk about other conditions of life, then the size of the aquarium is determined as follows: there should be at least 4 liters of water for one cock. How much is necessary in your case, it is not difficult to determine by this rule.
In general, special care for cockerels is not required, but for the full development it is worth adhering to these simple recommendations.
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What can not perform actions:
- direct sunlight should not fall on the aquarium;
- Do not allow excessively sudden changes in temperature and drafts when cleaning water;
- do not use natural shells, corals, shells as decorations, do not decorate the aquarium with other objects made of natural materials;
- do not put objects with sharp edges or, for example, with protrusions in the aquarium;
- cover the aquarium with the lid, as the fish themselves, and even the young Siamese males can jump out of the tank;
- Do not fill the aquarium with bottled water, it is not recommended to be used for maintenance.
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How to feed, what feed to choose? Frozen fish food and live food will do as well. In general, to choose food for wayward cockerels is not difficult. But experts recommend to feed them in a variety of ways: it is not necessary that dry feeding be the basis.
How much feed should I give? Not too much. It is recommended to conduct a simple experiment: if the remaining feed has settled to the bottom, then you have not chosen the optimal amount, you need to reduce the amount of feed, and remove the remains with a net. Feed must be eaten within 5-10 minutes. It is imperative to feed the rooster balanced, not overfeeding.
How often to feed? It is enough to do it once or twice a day.
Aquarists suggest using earthworms as food if there is no live.
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Probably, many have heard that cockerels live beautifully alone. The reason is that the fish has a peculiar behavior: it is often aggressively tuned to any neighborhood, and even to relatives. Some sources indicate that males and females live normally only in an aquarium with a volume of 40 liters or more; with other fish live peacefully, if they are contained in a container of more than 15 liters.
In many ways, behavior is a decisive factor, and lovers give the cock a desired solitude. In this case, his behavior does not harm anyone. You can even have a cockerel kept alone in a small aquarium. How much should the volume of the aquarium? For one cock, we recall, the suitable capacity of 4-5 liters.
If the cockerel is contained in a mini-aquarium, then taking care of him is even easier:
- the air supply is not needed, the fish will breathe atmospheric air as much as it needs, taking it from the surface;
- no light is needed either, cockerels live well without him;
- Do not be afraid of the appearance of foam, because it is a sure sign that the cockerel has settled down and even began to build a nest;
- Want to see the fry, without changing the aquarium, pick up a larger container for breeding.
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Breeding cockerels - not an easy task, but quite doable. You need to know a few rules to see rooster fry.
Aquarium cockerels reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 months. During this period, reproduction becomes possible. In order to get healthy offspring, both the female and the male should not have diseases. Therefore, if the condition of the fish is in doubt, do not select it for placement in a separate aquarium.
Tip: Breeding will be successful, and the offspring will be more viable if before spawning to actively include moth females in the diet. How does this affect the breeding of cockerels? The fact is that the crank contains nutrients, thanks to which the eggs soften. And soft eggs will more easily go out of the abdomen. But do not overdo it, if you give moth large portions, then the water becomes cloudy at times faster.
For spawning aquarium cockerels need to be transplanted into another aquarium, and its capacity should be not less than 7 liters.
Advice: It is important that the female has the opportunity to hide from the male in the new aquarium: for this, plants (Javanese moss, Anubiasas) are placed in the tank, grottoes are made. This is done to ensure that the male, who at this time becomes overly aggressive, does not attack the female continuer of the genus. To prevent possible clashes, you can first introduce the male and female. How to do it? Place the fish in transparent containers that should be located opposite each other. Fishes will see each other, and hostility will evaporate. Breeding will be better.
Male males are not only aggressive, but also active: reproduction, as a rule, is taken under control. They collect small algae in order to build a nest, collect eggs during the spawn, hide them in the nest. Moreover, after the breeding is over, the spawn has passed, the male even drives off the female and protects the eggs, carefully and attentively. The male protects each fry, if the little cock swims away from the nest, the father will certainly return the fry back.
It is precisely because of such activity of the male cockerel immediately after spawning, when the breeding is over, that the female should be removed. If you do not, then the war can not be avoided. But the male rooster can not always protect the fry. How much should you keep it with the fry? After that, when all the little cockerels hatch, the male is sent to a common aquarium.
Tip: If everything is done according to the rules, and breeding does not occur, then spawning can be stimulated: change the water, it is not essential to increase the water temperature by 3 degrees.
In general, follow the rules, and breeding will be possible even at home!
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Compatibility of roosters with other fish
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish. The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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To the fish did not hurt
Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins. But this is not a sign of a disease, but of a recent skirmish. There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.
If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.
Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.
Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains - to put everything into practice. The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it. In general, good luck!
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What eat cockerel aquarium fish
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating. Cockerels in the wild - omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Cock feeding guidelines
- How much food to give a cock?
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat. After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask. During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins. Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing. On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
What to feed the rooster?
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname "Siamese fighting fish"? They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish - you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him - continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules - specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food - in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products - if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, what is important, they love “freezing” very much. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food - as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick - maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
Посмотрите как рыбка петушок ест вареную капусту.
Суммируя указанное, кормление рыбки бойцовский петушок возможно с подачей таких кормов:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
Cock in the aquarium
Cockerel fish creates incredible beauty in an aquarium, known for all its fighting qualities. He oppresses the female and similar males. This is a typical labyrinth fish that can breathe atmospheric oxygen. The rooster has gained its popularity for its restless nature, chic appearance and the ability to live in a small pond. The Cockerel has many variants of coloring and different forms of chic fins.
With whom does the cockerel live in an aquarium?
The fighting fish has got its name for the fact that the males are fighting menacing battles that can result in the death of one of them.
The male is allowed to combine with the female, but on the condition that the vessel is rather large and has a place to hide. Two males can be kept in a single tank, elongated in length using transparent partitions with openings for the movement of water. It is better to plant tall plants near the walls in order to reduce the visibility of rivals.
In most cases the cockerel contain one. He can pick up fish of a different species, which he does not hurt. It is impossible to place to him sedentary individuals with veil fins (guppies, voilehtails) - he will tear them off. Fast coarse fish are better suited for cohabitation, with small fins - barbs, danios.
The content of the cock in the aquarium
This fish is quite unpretentious in the care. An aquarium of at least 5 liters is required for one instance. On the surface of the water should be places that are not covered by floating plants, that as the inhabitant floats to the surface to take a sip of atmospheric air. Therefore, such a fish does not need additional aeration.
The tank should be covered with a fitted lid or glass. A fighter may jump out of it or simply catch a cold, as it often floats to the surface.
A filter for a small volume vessel will not interfere with the fighter, but is not required for maintenance.
Acceptable temperature for a cock in the aquarium is 26-30 degrees. Short-term deviations within 18-36 marks are allowed. But if you find more than three days at an unacceptable temperature, the fish may be sick and die. Therefore, the reservoir for the cock must be equipped with a thermostat and a thermometer.
For impeccable content and to achieve a biobalance in the tank, you need to have live plants and ensure that they need lighting. Be sure to replace the water weekly in the amount of 40% of the volume. In the rooster, the water must be clean and fresh, the individual is not demanding on the composition of the water.
The cockerel is not picky about food, can eat live and frozen food. The most favorite is the crank. It is necessary to feed him once a day, preferably not to overfeed. The fish should eat food in 15 minutes, so the amount of feed is calculated. To maintain the health and coloring of the fish at the proper level, it is recommended to alternate between different types of feed.
For breeding, the male and female are deposited in a spawning tank - a separate vessel. The rooster is a little smaller and has a not so bright color. During spawning, the male collects eggs in the nest, which he built himself. After spawning, the female is best removed from him, as he is extremely aggressive. The cockerel is caring for the eggs. After the larvae begin to swim, the male is best removed from the spawning. Then you should feed the fry with a microworm and egg yolk and monitor their growth in order to avoid fights.
Observing such simple conditions, it is possible to provide comfortable living conditions for the fighting fish. She will delight the breeder with her cheerful disposition and beauty.
Cockerel fish care
Cockerel fish is distinguished by its beauty and fighting spirit. It received its name due to the fact that two males in one aquarium arrange real cockfights, with fluffed fins and tails. If time does not separate them, then one of the cockerels, alas, dies.
The homeland of the cockerel fish is small ponds with warm water in Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia. That is why the cockerel fish must be kept in warm water at 22-26 ° C.
Cockerel Fish - maintenance and care
Caring for aquarium cockerel fish does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. The cockerel fish feels great in a small aquarium. These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air. Close the aquarium lid so that the air above the water surface warms up and your little cockerel does not catch a cold.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium. Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil. Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request. However, do not forget that the cockerel fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly! This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water. The fish is caught in a net and transplanted into a jar with a portion of the water. Then, under running water without the use of powders, they wash the aquarium and the ground and fill it with clean water of the desired temperature.
How to feed a cock fish?
For the rooster fish, they choose a special food in the form of small flakes, which is a dry full-feed. Food give 1-2 times a day at the tip of a knife. Within 5-10 minutes all food must be eaten. However, the cockerel fish is prone to overeating, if necessary, you can arrange for it one fasting day.
Breeding cockerel fish
For breeding cockerels fit a pair of fish at the age of 6-8 months. Until the moment of their meeting, they are kept separately for a couple of weeks, then they are thrown into one common aquarium, where the male begins to build a nest of foam and show mating games. In a couple of days you can expect spawning. After the female lays 100-600 eggs, it is deposited, and the male takes care of the eggs. After another 3-5 days, when the fry are already swimming, the male is rejected.
- aquarium length 25 cm and more;
- water level 10-15 cm;
- without soil;
- after the male has settled down, the water level is 5 cm;
- subdued lighting;
- pair of plants with small leaves.
Further content of the cockerel fish with other fish is possible. Do not forget about the nature of the fighting fish, about what fish the cockerels get on with. Do not hold together two males, do not choose guppies or fishes with veils in neighbors.
Cockerel Fish Disease
The most common disease affecting the beautiful tails of cockerels is called fin rot, or pseudomonosis. With this disease, the fins and tail descend and become as if scorched around the edges. The progression of this disease can leave your fish without a tail and fins. Infection occurs due to a specific bacterium that gets into the water with sick fish, live food and poor soil. The disease must be treated with special means.
The average life expectancy of fish is two to three years, but how long the cockerels live depends on the care and maintenance.