Freshwater Aquarium Fish


The most beautiful aquarium fish

Despite the fact that beauty is a very subjective factor, there is some tendency towards the species preferences of aquarium inhabitants. In other words, some fish appear in houses more often, others are suitable only for some. These observations allow you to create a list of the most beautiful fish.

African Cornflower Haplochromis

African cornflower blue haplochromis is considered one of the most popular cichlids living in the Malawi lakes. Despite the relatively large size (about 17 cm), this fish is quieter than African congeners. There is a variety - Frontoza, individuals of which in captivity can reach a size of 35 centimeters. Therefore, it is necessary to select an aquarium taking into account the number of large individuals. Such fish live in alkaline water and love a variety of shelters (grottoes, algae, houses). However, it is worth considering the fact that, despite the peace-loving nature, they are still predators, so you should choose your neighbors very carefully.


This carp lives in fresh water. Fans of aquaria liked this view thanks to an exclusive, variegated color. The most popular are individuals whose body is painted in red, black, orange and their shades. Thanks to the efforts of breeders and breeding, new shades were obtained: violet, bright yellow, dark green. The more unusual the color, the more expensive the pet will cost. The advantage of this carp is longevity and ease of care.


The most beautiful fish is considered the king of freshwater aquariums. The shades of her body can be very different from each other. In nature, the most common colors are brown. Modern aquarists have already learned to change the color of the fish, so you can find the original copy, though the price for it will not be small. Discus is one of the most expensive representatives of ornamental fish. One fish can cost the owner several hundred dollars. In favor of the acquisition of this fish plays her intellect. She is able to recognize the owner and eat with her hands. Discus prefer fresh warm water in a spacious aquarium. For good maintenance it is necessary to put in the aquarium hard-leaved plants.

Lionhead cichlid

This fish is different in appearance from most fish, due to the huge fat cone on the forehead, which reminds someone of a lion's head. In addition to this difference, it has a complex behavior. Often, novice aquarists take it for the slow and harmless to the rest of the fish. In fact, it can be brisk and very sharp. To catch it from the house for the fish, you have to try hard. It is best to remove all the houses from the aquarium and only then begin hunting with a net. This cichlid has a small size, about 15 centimeters.

Slope Motoro Leopoldi

Having a stingray in your aquarium is the dream of most aquarium owners. True, this exotic will cost the owner in an amount equal to about 2 000 euros. Motoropod Leopoldi will decorate the freshwater home. You can find it only from true collectors and exhibitions. The popularity of the ramp has gained due to its compact size (diameter 20-25 cm). Having a slope in your aquarium, you must be prepared for some of its features, namely:

  • Provide space for bottom movement;
  • Pour soft and loose soil;
  • Follow the rules for feeding bottom fish.

The slope gets along well with the fish that occupy the upper layers. For feeding, you must use fish fillets, insects. Eat this fish can and dry food intended for catfish and bottom fish.


Watching Arvan is very interesting. The fact is that for catching insects, the fish jumps out of the water. The behavioral feature explains the position of the fish eyes, which are located on the top of the head. The price of a graceful fish starts from 10 thousand dollars. Therefore, for most, it remains a dream. There are cases when rich owners performed fish operations to correct eye defects. Such abnormalities in vision are explained by the fact that the fish catches food in the water column. Many who saw her live note her hypnotic influence on a person.

gold fish

Who in childhood did not dream of a goldfish in his aquarium? Not surprisingly, goldfish are the most frequent inhabitants of freshwater homes. Breeders have proved that with the help of modern science, you can change the gold carp beyond recognition, paint it in unusual colors. Real goldfish are large and very mobile. It should be attentive to the nutrition of these inhabitants. A goldfish can eat all the food it will give. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, organ dysfunction.

Som Orinoksky

Another large inhabitant of the aquarium. Egor sizes do not rarely exceed 60 centimeters. The size of the aquarium should be appropriate for this giant animal. But, unfortunately, for breeders, catfish does not breed in captivity, hence the high price for each copy. The main characteristics for which the catfish is so loved, is his ability to communicate with a person and eat all kinds of food. Orinoksky catfish - is very jealous of its territory and perceives floating fish for food, so it’s not worthwhile to settle others near it. Danger to the aquarium with a large catfish can be weighty cobblestones. The force of the tail fin is enough to fold the stone to the side and break the glass with it.

Fish - knife

This fish arrived in aquariums from the waters of South America. See how actively she frolics in the pond is not easy, since she is nocturnal. In the daytime, the fish prefer to relax in the dark thickets. Fish refers to carnivores. In order to catch food at night, her body has electro-receptors, which are ways to catch light vibrations of electromagnetic fields. An amazing feature of this fish is the ability to swim both forward and backward. Until recently, it was believed that to get offspring in captivity is impossible. The idea of ​​breeding turned our fellow, aquarists from St. Petersburg.


Panak original and original. The appearance of the catfish is similar to its distant ancestors. In the oral cavity, he has a special organ that looks like a scraper. With it, Panak easily removes plaque from the aquarium decor, glass. The suckers on his body are so strong that he can easily stick on a snag back down and stay in place. With such catfish you need to be very cautious. Sneaking into the scenery, he can get stuck in narrow traps and die. In general, Panak is a good neighbor. He rarely attacks fish of equal size.

Hybrid parrots

Amazing fish, whose head is similar to funny colorful birds - parrots. The fish received by the efforts of Asian breeders is loved all over the world. About how they managed to create such beauty, ichthyologists are silent. The only information that the public owns today is that the hybrid parrots were deduced from the type of tsichlozom. Like birds, fish have a huge variety of colorings. Asian breeders do not deny that the fish is painted artificially, but do not intend to reveal the secrets of technology. It's a funny fact that those born from dyed parents are completely colorless. Those who settled in the aquarium parrots, note that a special technology of cultivation does not prevent the fish to reproduce naturally.

Queen Nyasa

The African cichlid surprisingly harmoniously fits into the marine aquarium. It has an interesting color and a majestic view. Thanks to these characteristics, the fish was awarded the title of royal personage. The factories note that the most interesting period in the life of fish is mating games. Cyclides have always been distinguished by complex behavior; Queen Nyasa is no exception to this rule. Despite the female name of the breed, males are somewhat more beautiful than females. Their body has an olive color and dark stripes.

Cychloma severum

Severum tsichlomozy is not rarely called the Red Pearl and false discus. There is a deal of truth in it. External similarities with the discus are difficult to deny. An inexperienced aquarist will not be able to tell the difference between them in the same body of water. The body of red pearls is more than the average, but this does not prevent it from remaining peace-loving towards its neighbors. The only exception can be the spawning period, when both individuals begin to fiercely protect their territory. The breed is bred by the efforts of breeders, which is why its coloring is extremely effective.


It is difficult to call this fish beautiful. Its popularity is associated more with the horror and fear that a predator inspires. These fish have gathered around their person a huge number of legends and secrets. Most of them are contrived, but not without logic. The most common rumor is that fish are bloodthirsty and voracious. In fact, one fish eats about 40 grams of meat in a couple of days. It would seem that such fish would never get along with other neighbors, but the practice proves that barbs and harassment are able to survive. Surprisingly, even viviparous and neons remain untouched.

Botsiya clown

Interesting fish, which mainly lives in the lower layers of the aquarium. The fish is very social, therefore it is necessary to settle in the aquarium in small flocks. Botsiya night dweller, so the meal is best done in the evening. This inhabitant will not refuse from various logs, grottoes and shelters. Botsiya clown finds his "house" and does not let anyone go there, so the number of shelters should correspond to the number of special ones in the aquarium. Feed the fish to be bottom feed, because their mouth is located on the bottom.


Ordinary scalar live in fresh water. It is a mistake to compare real scalar with decorative koi rocks. Ordinary fish grow to 20 centimeters. If you put them in an aquarium with very peaceful neighbors, the whiskers located on the bottom can be very long. Breeders and here have made efforts to bring non-standard colors. The common scalar has a silvery tint with dark vertical stripes located all over the body, including the head and tail.

Labero Bicolor

This fish came to aquarists from the waters of Thailand. It is not rare to hear that it is compared with catfish. The point is her amazing ability to swim to the top of her belly. Most often, such a coup is associated with eating food from the inner surface of the sludge. Labero Bicolor are incredible owners, so they do not tolerate competition. Most often, one individual lives in the aquarium, which ideally feels as the mistress of all the territories. To get a second representative of the breed, you must purchase a long aquarium. True, if there is a scuffle between two representatives of this breed, it is unlikely that anyone will suffer.

Unpretentious aquarium fish

Caring for aquarium fish - the whole science. At first glance, it is impossible to remember all the conditions and requirements for the content, it is difficult to find the means to purchase a huge aquarium and expensive equipment for it and time to prepare special feeds and regularly test the water. But there are fish that will forgive the newcomer for his inexperience and possible mistakes, and caring for them will not require huge material and temporary resources from him. About these simple to care, tenacious and unpretentious inhabitants of the aquarium and will be discussed.

Viviparous fish

They are considered the most undemanding to the conditions of detention and, in the general opinion, are the best option among aquarium fish for beginners. In turn, among this group there are also champions in vitality. Of course, this is a guppy. These fish are familiar to all, they were popular even in those prehistoric times when the filter, compressor and thermostat in the aquarium were considered a luxury. And the guppies in these aquariums lived, sparkled with their magnificent tails and multiplied.

Small fishes of this species can live in a small amount of water, without filtration and aeration, at different temperatures, exclusively on dry food. Of course, such a life cannot be called a comfortable life, and this may soon manifest itself in a deterioration in the appetite of small fishes and paling of their colors. Therefore, it is still very desirable to install a filter in the aquarium, carry out water changes regularly (once a week at 20-30%), and try to diversify the food as much as possible.

Another condition for a long and happy life of gops is that there must be a few of them in the aquarium, not less than 5-6 pieces, since they are packaged and feel alone and uncomfortable.

Relatives of guppies, equally popular in novice aquariums, are swordtails. These small bright fish also do not require special care. They are larger than guppies, so they need at least 40-50 liters of an aquarium; about 6 liters of water should be consumed per individual. Otherwise, the fish is also unpretentious, tolerates non-ideal conditions in the aquarium, organic water pollution or high nitrate content in it, and even breeds under these conditions.

Petilles and mollies are also viviparous fishes, almost as good as guppies and swordtails in their resilience. They need a more constant water temperature. Here, perhaps, all the difference.

The colors and forms of viviparous fish are so bright and diverse that you can create a beautiful, lively and interesting aquarium, using only representatives of these species. And the ease of their reproduction at home (fry are born already well-formed, they eat adult food themselves, and for their successful development it is necessary to ensure only the presence of thickets of small-leaved plants, you can even artificial, where they can hide) and allows even the beginner Aquarist feel like a true fish farmer.

It should be noted that at present breeders have deduced a large number of different forms of viviparous fish - with unusual colors, veil fins, and so on. These fish are unusually beautiful, but they are much more demanding of conditions of detention and not always suitable for inexperienced owners.


Carp representatives are the next most popular among beginners and ability to survive in difficult conditions.

In this group, in the first place, it should be noted danio rerio. This fish, it seems, takes nothing. In my aquarium, my friends once broke the thermostat, in the very heated water all the fish died and only the danios continued to swim as if nothing had happened. These persistent kids even launched into space.

Danio have quite ordinary appearance, but they captivate with their activity and swiftness. The schooling fish, but does not require a lot of space, 8-10 individuals will be perfectly able to live in a twenty-liter aquarium.

It is also quite easy to propagate them - it is enough to set a female (2) and three males ready for spawning into a small container, put them near the window early in the morning so that the first rays of the morning sun hit the bank and the fish begin to actively spawn. Growing fry, of course, more difficult than that of viviparous fish, but with due diligence and it is quite possible.

Another frequent inhabitant of small aquariums is the cardinal. This is a small-sized, up to 4--5 cm long, slender and mobile fish with bright fins. Cardinals are undemanding to the parameters of water, have a peaceful and livable nature, use dry or live food. A flock of nondescript at first glance cardinals will liven up any aquarium.

Barbus are also representatives of carp. In aquariums there are many species of this genus, the most unpretentious of them is considered to be a Sumatran barbus.

He has a bright golden-black striped color, and indeed in the aquarium it is difficult not to notice, his character is too active. Because of this, the bar should not be settled in an aquarium with calm phlegmatic fish, they will be uncomfortable with this jumping bully. Barbs are prone to obesity, so you should not overfeed them. Another possible problem in fish of this species is the stagnation of calf in females. To avoid this, you need to raise the temperature in the aquarium twice a year, stimulating spawning.


Labyrinth fish, perhaps the largest and most elegant of those who can advise a novice for a small aquarium. Macropods reach a length of 9 cm, males - 6 cm (plus luxurious fins of almost the same length), and at the same time they can live in a three-liter jar without aeration, if only there is space between the surface of the water and the lid.

These fish have a special organ - a labyrinth, which allows them to breathe atmospheric air, so they feel good in oxygen-poor water, and other water parameters (temperature, hardness, pollution degree) are not too demanding either.

They have a very good regeneration ability, they can quickly restore damaged fins. Their disadvantage is an aggressive, fighting character: the males are completely intolerant of the males of their own species, and in some cases they can attack other species of fish, especially the macropods. Other labyrinth fish - liliusi, gourami - have a more peaceful disposition (although sometimes gourami, guarding the nest, can survive from a small aquarium of their neighbors), but are somewhat inferior to macropods and cockerels in terms of simplicity. They, especially breeding forms, require a constant temperature in the aquarium, clean water, the presence of thickets of living plants.


These include such popular species as ternets, neons, various tetras: copper, firefly, rhodostomus.Small, very charming schooling fish with interesting colors, red and golden spots, glowing neon stripes. In ternation, the color is not bright, but its albino form was learned to dye artificially, receiving multi-colored fishes, called caramels.

The mentioned representatives of the haratsin ones are capable of living in small aquariums, however they are more demanding in terms of conditions. In particular, they prefer soft, acidic water and do not like massive changes, so the water for the aquarium is better to peat and change regularly, but little by little. In addition, in the aquarium with these fish is very desirable to have live plants.


Because of their funny appearance and behavior are very popular with beginners. However, they often lose sight of the fact that rather large catfish grow from the majority of cute little mustaches sold in pet stores. Torakatumov, plexostomus, pterigoplihtov and antsistrusov in an aquarium with a volume of 30-40 liters to keep absolutely impossible.

An unpretentious pygmy corridor (Corydoras pygmaeus) or its close relative dwarf corridor (Corydoras hastatus, catfish) is well suited for small aquariums. They grow only about 3-4 cm, they feel good in a large range of hardness and acidity, do not pay attention to the intensity of light, feed on any dry and live food, if only he was small enough and placed in their mouths. Demanding on temperature only. It should be in the range of 24-26 ° C. Schooling fish, you must keep them in groups of at least 5-6 pieces.

Another small catfish - ototsinklyus. He also does not need large amounts of water for life, but for him the presence of living plants, vegetable dressing and pure water with a low content of nitrates are necessary.

All these catfish are peaceful and can get along with any fish that will not offend them.


If a novice aquarist is immediately serious and ready to spend time on caring for an aquarium and studying special literature, you can recommend him to buy the most simple cichlids - the angelfish and black-striped chichlases. These species need a sufficiently large amount of water (at least 100 liters per pair) and careful selection of neighbors, but otherwise they are not too demanding.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that there are no aquariums and fish that do not require care at all. Fish, like frogs, turtles, tritons are living creatures, and care about them should be constant. If you don’t want to mess with the aquarium, and you just want beauty and pleasant murmur, it’s better not to torture animals and not to suffer yourself, but to buy a bubble panel and admire its pacifying gurgle.

In addition, it is not enough just to pick up unpretentious fish, it is necessary to consider the following:

  • fish must be compatible, since if, for example, simple guppies and barbs are placed in one aquarium, nothing good will come of it;
  • it is preferable to place in one aquarium related species or species that live in nature under similar conditions;
  • when choosing fish, it is necessary to take into account what maximum size they can achieve, and based on this, determine the capacity of their aquarium;
  • most small fish are schooling, they need to be acquired immediately by the group.

Only by observing these conditions, you can make your first aquarium a source of beauty and pleasure.

The story of the small and unpretentious fish look at the video:

Choosing the most beautiful fish for the aquarium

The most beautiful aquarium fish bring to the home aquarium natural beauty and a characteristic natural highlight. Before settling fish in your house with a spectacular appearance, learn about the rules of their maintenance and care. Such freshwater and saltwater fish amaze with their grace. If you spend some time at the aquarium, watching them, you will get a portion of inspiration and good mood.

Freshwater fish

Akara turquoise - fish of the family Cichlids. The body is strong and high, measuring 20-25 cm. The color of scales may be silver or green with turquoise shimmer. Turquoise lines are visible on the face and on the gill covers; there is a dark spot in the center of the body. There is a fringing on the dorsal and caudal fins.

Astotilapy Burton - very beautiful fish with a multi-colored color. The main background of the scales is gray-red-yellow, with brown patches. The sides can be painted blue, green or purple. Vertical dark stripes pass through the forehead, muzzle and eyes. Lips blue shade. Pictures of vertical or horizontal stripes appear on the side of the body, if the condition of the fish changes with keeping conditions, stress, spawning.

Pink danios is a small schooling fish. In the aquarium, it looks beautiful due to the rich pink color of the body with characteristic silver stripes. Females are round, angular males, but colored brighter. Pink danios look better in a large flock, giving the aquarium a unique look.

Veiltail goldfish is one of the most beautiful goldfish, which, thanks to its long and lush fins, looks incredible in an aquarium. Veils and tails have a short and rounded body, large eyes on a large head. The fins are down. The color of scales may be different - from golden monotone to black or bright red.

Watch the video about the content of the goldfish voiletail.

Gourami pearl - a beautiful aquarium fish of the Macropod family. Labyrinth fish that can breathe a special labyrinth organ. The body of the fish body is tall, elongated, flattened on the sides. The color of the body is violet-silver, nacre dots can be seen against the background, which are scattered in a chaotic manner over the body and fins.

Cockerel fish Betta - one of the most popular aquarium fish. Color scales may be different, the most common - red and black. Males are characterized by long fins of brocade-ryushechnoy structure.

Scalar is a South American cichlid. The color forms of the scalar can be different - white, silver, black, gray-green and other colors. Four vertical stripes pass through the body, one of them passes through the eyes. The nature of the fish is peace-loving, however, the best angelfish get along in a species aquarium.

Chromis butterfly is a small fish with a characteristic "crown" on its head, and a motley color of scales. The body color is yellowish blue. The front of the back has a red-brown shade, the throat, chest part and abdomen are colored golden. A black vertical strip passes through the eyes. Also the body of the fish is covered with shimmering blue and green spots and dots. The fins are transparent, with red edging. Near the head, the dorsal fin has a characteristic “crown” shape, painted in black.

Sea fish

Radiant lionfish (lat. Pterois antennata) is one of the most unusual sea creatures. The main body color is pale red. On it are visible vertical stripes of white, red, black colors. The pectoral fins are dotted in blue, brown and black. When moving, they effectively develop due to their wide shape. The fish has many spines, which are very painful. Body size - 20 cm in length, you need to keep in a spacious aquarium.

Admire the radiant lionfish.

Mandarin (Latin Synchiropus splendidus) is a beautiful and small fish with a body length of 8 cm. Body of elongated symmetry, fins wide and round. The base color is red-brown. Against the background one can see wavy stripes of blue tint; at the fins there is also a blue edging. Fish swims in the bottom layers of water. It is recommended to keep in tanks of at least 80 liters.

Royal surgeon (Latin Paracanthurus hepatus) - fish with a bright body color. The length of the body is 20-23 cm. The shape is oblong, oval. Color saturated blue, with a purple hue. On the sides visible characteristic "surgeons" pattern. Black stripes intersect, forming a triangle with a bright yellow color. Pectoral fins are characterized by oblong yellow spots. The dorsal and anal fins have a dark blue fringing.

Centropig fire or royal (lat. Centropyge loricula) is a small sea fish that lives on the bottom of the reservoir. The length of the body of adult fish is 7-10 cm. The color is saturated red-orange. The fins are orange, the tail fin is red with a yellow shimmer, there are vertical brown stripes on the sides. One adult is required from 100 liters of aquarium water. Looks impressive in an aquascape with lots of stones and plants.

Freshwater Aquarium Fish

Every aquarist always wants to have the best, most beautiful aquarium fish. The aquarium, in which such fish live, always arouses the interest of visitors and delight in children. And the owner himself is pleased when his eyes stop at the aquarium where the fish are swimming in business.

In the article we will look at some popular types of freshwater fish that will decorate any aquarium and transform the room, making it a resting place.

Popular aquarium fish: short dossier

The table shows freshwater aquarium fish, which are very popular with fish lovers.

Glass perchCentropomovyeChanda ranga hamiltonHe lives in Burma, Thailand and India.At length reaches 7-8 cm, feeds on live food - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, etc. The optimum temperature is 22-25 degrees, pH 6.6-7.8.
Copper tetraHaracinHasemania nanaBrazilIn length reaches 6 cm. Water should have a temperature of 18-25 degrees and a pH of 6.5-7.6. It feeds on live food.
Akantoftalmus KühlLunarPanio kuhliKalimantan, Java and SumatraThe length is 10-12 centimeters, and the optimum temperature is within 22-28 degrees, pH 5.4-7.4. It feeds on small live food - bloodworm, carretra, daphnia, cyclop, enkhitreya and tubim.
DiscussionCyclicSymphysodonAmazon River BasinDiscus should be kept in flocks, 6-8 fish each. Mandatory filtering and aeration of the aquarium, the water temperature should be in the range of 29-31 degrees. Water hardness should be 2-12, and the pH in the range of 5.5-7.5. It is advisable to replace 1/10 of water every day, as an option - replace 1/2 of the aquarium every week. You can feed the fish with all animal feeds - bloodworm, daphnia, washed shaker, minced beef heart with additives, etc.
Marble carnegiellaWedge BeltCarnegiella strigatusBrazil, GuyanaIt feeds on small insects, such as flies, mosquitoes, fruit flies and substitutes. Must be kept at a temperature of 24-26 degrees, pH 5.5-7.5.
Neon blueHaracinParacheirodon innesiColombia, Brazil and PeruReaches a length of 4 cm, must live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, pH 5.2-7.7. Constant filtration and aeration of water is necessary. It feeds on live food - small bloodworms and coret, cyclops, artemia and daphnia.
Notobranchius RahovaToothedNothobranchius guentheriKenya, Tanzania, as well as Mozambique, Zanzibar and Seychelles. Also found in lakes Chad and Victoria.In length reaches 6 cm. Water temperature 20-23 degrees, pH 6-7. It feeds on small moths, cyclops, coretr, as well as daphnia, tubule, artemia and worms.
Agamix the White SpottedArmor catfishAgamyxis restinifronsBrazil, PeruReaches 12-16 cm, eats live and vegetable feed, also suitable combined feed. The temperature should be 22-26 degrees, pH 6-7.5.

These were some of the freshwater aquarium fish. Next in line are the aquarium sharks, which we will consider now.

The shark in the house is no longer a myth

Aquarium sharks, resembling their large predatory relatives, are also very popular. However, these fish are different from real sharks in nature and way of life.

The following types of aquarium sharks are popular:

1) brown cat shark;

2) carpet shark;

3) bamboo shark;

In nature, these sharks live in shallow water, near the shore. They reach 70 cm in length, so the aquarium should be quite voluminous, at least 650-700 liters. Keep them at a temperature of 22-23 degrees. If you have one of these freshwater sharks, then you can feed it with crabs or shrimps, as well as sea urchins.


We considered several main types of aquarium fish living in fresh water. These species are not limited to the whole variety of aquarium fish, but this article already gives a rough idea of ​​how beautiful freshwater fish are. Whatever fish you choose for your home, be it a shark, a predatory piranha or a peace-loving chainmail catfish, you should always remember about the compatibility of certain species. It's great when you can stop your tired look at the aquarium and see your pets busily swimming in the water!

The most beautiful aquarium fish: photo video review and description


The beauty of the aquarium world - fascinates! That is why many people are addicted to aquarism for life. The variety of aquarium fish is so infinite and variable that sometimes it is difficult to choose the best of the best, most beautiful with beautiful fish.

I suggest you to pay attention to the most beautiful fish made by TOP and choose an aquarium beauty to your taste and color!

Your thoughts and preferences about the Miss Aquarium World rating are very important to us. They will help shape public opinion! And make this TOP truly popular.

In order not to offend the participants of the topic, we will not assign places (yet) to them, but arrange them in alphabetical order, so ...

Akara turquoise

The body of the fish is massive and high. Acara's turquoise color varies from silver to green with turquoise hues. On the gill covers and muzzle are wavy lines of turquoise color, and in the center of the case - an irregularly shaped dark spot. A wide edging runs along the dorsal and caudal fin.

Astatothilapia Burton

Body color is variable. The main color is gray to reddish yellow, may be brownish, side with a blue, green or purple shine. Through the eyes is a black vertical stripe, the same stripes on the forehead and muzzle. The lips are bluish. On the side, depending on the environmental conditions and the condition of the fish, there may appear a pattern of longitudinal and transverse bands of different saturation.

Danio pink

Danio pink - are small, nimble, pot-bellied beauties. Their flock will give your aquarium a joyful, life-affirming pink mood. Particularly beautiful fish look on a blue background.


Veiltail can be called - the Queen of Goldfish.

The hem of its fins will look gorgeous in your aquarium.

The voiletail is short, high, rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big. The color of the veil tail is variable - from a monotone golden color to bright red or black.


Well-known, popular and incredibly beautiful, small aquarium fish. The beauty and diversity of the caudal fin - I deserve attention and place in the Topik of the most beautiful fish.

Gourami pearl

Labyrinth representative of aquarium fish.

Body gourami high, elongated, flattened laterally. The pearl goura color is silver-violet with countless pearl spots (pearls) scattered throughout the body and along the fins.


The goddess of the aquarium world, fascinating for its beauty. But, unfortunately, like all goddesses, very capricious! The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes.

Pelmatohromis or Parrot

Little and beautiful representative of cichlids. Got such a nickname because of the similarity with the parrot bird. Painted fish is very beautiful. The male has a brownish back, the sides are bluish in color with a tint, the lower abdomen is reddish (especially in females).

Cock, Betta or Boytsovskaya fish

Very, very beautiful fish, its brocade-ryushechnye fins simply admire. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females.


But the bright representative of the South American cichlids. Scalar over the hill call - fish angel. Her elegance will not go unnoticed!

The color of the scalar is diverse: black, white, silver, greenish gray, etc. Four bands run across the body, another band passes through the eye.

Chromis butterfly

This little fish has a beautiful "crown on the head" and a decent color.

Body color is yellow with a blue sheen. The front of the back is reddish-brown. The throat, chest and abdomen are golden in color. The eyes are crossed by a black transverse strip. The whole fish is covered with iridescent blue, green dots and spots. Fins are transparent with a red border. Closer to the head with the back fin has a rich black color (crown).

Cychlasma severum

The color of the severum cichlozoma body varies from yellowish-green to dark brown. The scales are covered with yellow, pink or brown specks, which create a pattern on the body.

Tsikhlazoma black-striped

At first glance, a small black fish. But, if you look closely, it will become clear that this is the “Queen of business style” fish. The head is large, the eyes are large, the lips are thick. The body and fins of the cychlasma are painted in a grayish-blue gray color. Along the body are 8-9 black stripes.

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

We also offer you to see our photo selection of the most beautiful freshwater and marine fish over 100 photos.

Freshwater Aquarium Fish

Choosing Aquarists - Freshwater Aquarium Fish

The variety of types of freshwater aquarium fish reaches several hundred, which means that finding the kind that can harmoniously enter your life and please the eye is not difficult.

Sharks in the house

The most exotic type of fish among aquarists is freshwater sharks. They require not only special care, but also appropriate living conditions. Of course, they do not reach gigantic sizes, like sea ones, but, nevertheless, 40 cm is the average length of an adult freshwater aquarium shark. Equip several caves in the aquarium - this will give naturalness to your underwater world, and the fish will feel like at home.

Add color

No less popular type of fish, among freshwater, are clown fish, they are also Botsia. Like aquarium freshwater shark fish, a freshwater clown fish will require a large aquarium, as it reaches 30 cm in adulthood. Representatives of this type of fish prefer to live in areas rich in vegetation, therefore, enrich the aquarium with a variety of algae.

One of the most beautiful species of freshwater aquarium fish is African haplochromis, which belongs to the tsikhlovy family. Haplokhromis is a predator fish, this should be taken into account when keeping it with other less aggressive fish. As for the care of cichlids, they require a large aquarium with caves for shelter. In adulthood, they reach 15-19 cm.

The most rich and vibrant colors have carps, koi. Black, brown, red, white, orange, and sometimes lemon, purple, green shades are crowded on the representatives of this type of fish. They do not require special care, and are classified as freshwater and ornamental.

Fish-tale - goldfish. They can be of various shades, and adapt well in fresh water. This type of fish can be seen in almost any aquarium. Goldfish have a good appetite, so small children are always interested in taking care of them.

Freshwater moray in an aquarium

If you want to have a mobile and unusual pet in the home glass pond, pay attention to this type of fish, like aquarium sharks. Do not be afraid of the name - they are not relatives of marine predators, although there is undoubtedly an external similarity, and sometimes in character too. And to determine the choice, consider their features.

Conditions of detention

In order not to condemn their pets to a joyless existence in a confined space, and even in uncomfortable conditions, you should pay attention to the features of the content.

The ornamental shark fish is distinguished by a somewhat specific nature and requires increased attention. Here are just general rules:

  1. The constant water temperature is from 24 to 29 ° C.
  2. The volume of the aquarium - at least 40 liters.
  3. Daily change of about 30% of the water in the tank.
  4. Good filtration and aeration of the aquarium.

As for the internal arrangement of the glass house, here you can afford almost everything. But note that under a layer of sand or small pebbles you should certainly lay a layer of large pebbles. Plants are planted either in the soil itself, but deeper, or placed in special clay pots, carefully strengthening them. The fact is that aquarium sharks are very mobile fish.

For the convenience and comfort of such unusual pets, arrange several grottoes and stone caves at the bottom.

The most popular types of aquarium sharks

Despite their frightening name, these fish are quite peaceful and do not annoy their underwater dwelling neighbors. They only look so fierce and terrible, but get along with almost everyone.

Shark catfish

Often there are names: pennant pangasius, freshwater or pennant shark. It is this fish that has the greatest external similarity with its predatory tesk. In the wild, there are specimens up to 1.5 m. Long. In captivity it grows no more than 60 cm. Consider this when choosing a tank.

Photo shark catfish will help to make a choice.

The fish has a rather shy character and, at the slightest danger or anxiety, it can jump out of the aquarium or torpedo the walls of its glass house, which causes harm, especially to itself.

Feed should be slices of frozen fish, squid or dry granulated food. But the measures in the food does not feel and may even get sick because of overeating. Therefore, it is recommended to feed twice a day, observing the time schedule. Also, twice a week is recommended to arrange "unloading" days.

Warning! Do not lodge small fish with this freshwater shark. Because of her gluttony, she can simply devour her neighbors, taking them for food.

Blackfly Shark

Unlike its freshwater predatory teska, which is considered a thunderstorm of coral reefs, it has a peace-loving disposition. Rarely reaches more than 20 cm. In length. In food, unpretentious, though gluttonous. Follow the rules of feeding is necessary if you do not want to bring to the illness of your pet.

Feels great in a little salted water - 2 tbsp. l sea ​​salt on a bucket.

Black Shark

Beautiful and graceful, but a little insidious aquarium fish. With good care and nutrition reaches 50 cm in length. If conditions of detention deteriorate, it changes its color and becomes lighter. This should serve as a sign for the owner - there are problems in the home water!

Like her relatives in the shark aquarium clan, gluttonous. Here lies the cunning - if it is underfed, it can easily gobble up its smaller brothers.

A good photo will show the beauty of a black fish in a home aquarium.

Black two-tone shark

Perhaps the most spectacular and beautiful inhabitant of a home aquarium. She has a velvety black body and a bright red tail. For the opportunity to observe such an unusual, graceful beauty, many aquarists forgive her difficult and aggressive nature. Photo evidence of this.

Dwarf shark

Predatory little fish, which has the most unusual gift - it glows. This is due to the presence of special photophore plaques on the abdomen and fins. In the case of excitement or excitement, the luminescence increases, at rest - almost imperceptibly.

It is an ovoviviparous fish, capable of reproducing up to 10 sharks in one spawning. Mama shark feeds on plankton, which breaks with sharp teeth. Therefore, feeding such fish with hands is fraught. Dwarf sharks live and breed in almost ideal conditions. If you are ready for such sacrifices - then go for it.

How to choose?

If you have decided for yourself that you want to breed aquarium sharks as ornamental fish, you should know the aspects of choosing both the individual and the house for it.

We choose houses by the following principle:

  1. For the bottom shark, an aquarium of square or rectangular shape with sharp corners, as it can breathe, lying quietly at the bottom.
  2. For a pelagic shark, the best option would be a ring aquarium, or at worst with rounded corners. This fish rushes through the glass house at high speed and it is difficult for it to “brake” before an obstacle, which affects the quality of life and can lead to diseases.
  3. The volume of the vessel per individual is at least 35-40 liters, taking into account the fact that with intensive growth a larger house will be required.

Do not place several species of sharks in one aquarium. They may differ by conditions of detention:

  • temperature conditions;
  • salinity of water;
  • the presence of different plants;
  • the way of movement and life (bottom or pelagic).

It is important to take into account the fact that different in size sharks feel uncomfortable in one aquarium.

Also, there is a different diet. Although all decorative shark fish are famous for their wonderful appetite, there are still some differences:

  • time frame for eating (morning-evening, day, or only for the night);
  • the presence of fasting days, which are fraught with "trouble" for smaller inhabitants;
  • varieties of food.

And most importantly - the neighborhood with other inhabitants. It is impossible to put small fishes together with these predatory fishes, they can “pass for food” for hungry hooligans at a certain time.

Other fish should at least not be inferior in size to their predatory neighbors, not be too "shy".

If all this knowledge has not stopped you and the desire to acquire a home shark is still left - you will become the owner of the most unusual and exciting indoor pond.