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Barbus-care breeding description compatibility photo video

BARBUS DESCRIPTION

Black Barbus - a common aquarium fish. It was first imported to Russia in 1954. Pethia nigrofasciatus is not large. By its behavior, the shape of the body resembles the barb of Sumatran. Habitat Black barb is naturally found in Sri Lanka, most commonly found in tributaries of the Nival and Kelani rivers. They are distinguished by an abundance of vegetation, a weak current and cooler water than in other tropical waters. Here it is sour and soft, and the bottom covers fine gravel or sand. Algae and detritus - the basis of the barb diet in nature.

Currently, the population of this fish has decreased significantly. This is due to the overfishing of the black barboo.withand for aquarists. For a time, the species was considered endangered, but in recent years the population has increased slightly. Currently, it is prohibited to legally catch a black barb, therefore all individuals found on sale are artificially bred. With the help of hybridization today, brighter, newer colors of black barb are being created.

CARE AND REPLENISHMENT

Water parameters. The temperature range for the Sumatrans is quite large - 23-26 ° C, they prefer soft and very clean water. A good filter is the key to the health of your pets.

Lighting. This fish has no special requirements for lighting, Sumatran barbus is generally distinguished by a rare unpretentiousness (what other underwater inhabitants are easy to maintain

Aeration. The sensitivity to the oxygen content in water of the Sumatran barb is extremely low. However, it is not necessary to bring the matter to the point when the fish will float on the surface with their head upward;

if there is no forced aeration in the aquarium.

Barbs fishes: breeding

If there is a desire to start breeding barbs, then you need to start with the selection of the ideal breeding fish. They must be mature, healthy and without physical abnormalities. Selected manufacturers should be in special conditions of detention. The list of these conditions begins with two main points - a spacious aquarium and high-quality food. For a decade before the breeding season, females and males are deposited separately and properly fed. A spawning aquarium is absolutely not needed too large, as it will often need to change the water. Twenty-liter volume is enough.

In the mating season, fish emit a huge amount of sexual products. Males should be placed near females 2 hours before switching off the lighting for the night. It often happens that in the morning you can already notice the results of spawning. It is difficult to see caviar, it is very small and transparent. But you should try to see it, because when the eggs appear, the fish should immediately be deposited, otherwise they will simply eat their unborn offspring, having decided that this is food.

If it was not possible to make out, look at the behavior of potential parents, if the “date” was successful, the male and the female lose interest in each other and are each engaged in their own affairs. It happens that the caviar is dead, this can be determined by the color change of the eggs. After some time they will become white. From live roe the next day a larva will appear, which will attach to the walls of the aquarium or to the leaves of algae. After waiting for the fry to swim, you can feed them.

BARBUS

Barbus compatibility with other fish

This fish does not have a reputation for threatening an aquarium, however, short-term flashes of aggression still occur both in a flock of barbs and in bar’s relations with neighbors of other breeds. You must be prepared for the fact that quarrels between these creatures sometimes become so acute that the fish begin to destroy each other! Veiltails, guppies, cockerels, scalars and telescopes are best to stay away from the barb in a bad mood, otherwise they may lose their voile tails and fins.

Do not expect anything good from the neighborhood brisk barbs and fearful passive lyalius. And the bullying astronotus bar is not a couple, because the fish will certainly want to measure themselves.

Of course, the barbs would not have refused to become the sole and full owners of the underwater territory, but if you plan to breed several types of fish in one aquarium, the World of Soviets recommends to add barley, parrots or mollies to barbs. Fish with a similar disposition and lifestyle will surely get along.

Rod barbus (Puntius) - one of the most common genera of aquarium fish. It is remarkable that its representatives are not capricious, have a bright and varied color, are very active and mobile. Unpretentiousness attract the attention of novice aquarists.

Hailing barbs from the reservoirs of China, Africa, Southeast Asia. In the wild, fish of the genus Barbus live in flocks, and moreover very large ones. The maintenance of barbs does not represent special difficulties. Chemical parameters of water (hardness, acidity) do not play a special role. Water barbs prefer the old, with the traditional replacement of 1/3. Temperature range from 20 grams. Up to 26. But the temperature is still desirable 23-26 gr.

The shape of the aquarium is chosen taking into account the fact that the barbs are very fast and fast-moving fish. Aquariums for barbs usually have an elongated, elongated shape, so that the frisky fish have a place to “gain acceleration”. The ground in such aquariums is usually dark, and the lighting is bright. Such a contrast favorably emphasizes the color barbs. Floating plants create extra space for fish "maneuver."

Two mandatory conditions for the breeding and maintenance of barbs - powerful filtration and aeration of water. Also for the barbs you need to purchase a pump. The pump is needed to create a flow imitation. Underwater currents - a kind of "toys" for barbs, fish love to frolic in the jets created by additional equipment.

In the aquarium barbs live in flocks (5-7 pcs.). With good care they will please you 3-4 years. For all their friendliness and livability, the barbs are sometimes snooty. They are particularly addicted to sluggish guppies with flowing tails.

The favorite occupation of the barbs is to sneak up on the tails of the tails and bite their fins. Magnificent fins annoy the barbs: occupy a lot of space in the already limited water space. It is possible that the modestly decorated barbs of nature are slightly envious of their overdressed counterparts. Undemanding barbs are undemanding in everything, including food: they are omnivorous. With a food deficiency, barbs are happily reinforced by leaves of aquarium plants.

Appearance of fish and varieties

The average size of adult barbs is a maximum of 6-7 cm. The slightly flat yellow-silver body is decorated with dark vertical stripes. The male has a bright red border around the edges of the dorsal, caudal, and anal fin.

Slightly less expressive, also in red (sometimes this color may be completely absent), the fins of the female are painted. In addition, the self-made barbus is significantly thicker than the male.

If we talk about breeding, it allowed aquarists to gain a wide range of color variations of this fish. For example, in a mutant barbus obtained in this way, the color of most of the body is emerald green.

Visiting pet stores and markets of Russian cities, you can most often meet the following types of barbus:

Barbed bar (otherwise, striped). The fish of this species is uncharacteristically large in size - it can reach 9 cm. Its stripes are arranged horizontally, capturing the entire length of the body.

Barbus Everett. Remarkable are the inhabitants of the home pond for their non-standard color with black and blue specks over the entire area of ​​the body.

Oligolepis. This species is attractive pearl scales and red fins with dark edging. In addition, depending on the angle of incidence of lighting, the color of the fish changes.

Five-bar. The name of the fish itself indicates its difference - this aquatic inhabitant has five transverse bands on the body.

Green barb. Like a lined representative of a species, it has a large size (up to 10 cm) and its body has a corresponding color.

Ruby fish barbus. The unique ruby ​​color of the pet, acquired by him during the mating games, is his main distinguishing feature.

Varieties of aquarium barbs

Nowadays, more than 200 types of barbs are known, more than 50 are types of barbs that are bred in home aquariums. Distinctive characteristics of fish: there are no teeth in the jaws, instead of them pharyngeal teeth are developed; cycloid scales; many species have antennae over the upper jaw. There are three kinds of barbs (Barbodes, Capoeta, Puntius). Many aquarian variations come from freshwater bodies of Africa and Southeast Asia.

All species live under the same water conditions: temperature 20-25 ° C, medium hard water and neutral pH. Once a week you need to make a replacement of 20% of water for fresh and infused. Some are schooling barbs, others are loners. This feature depends on the size of the fish: large fish can be calm and peaceful, medium and small are more fearful, so they come into conflicts, and do not like sluggish neighbors in the aquarium.

Large barbs

The barbs, which grow in size 10-40 cm in length, are large. They are recommended to be kept in spacious tanks, preferably from 500 liters. Such fish can live with large catfish, cichlids, freshwater sharks.

Barbus arulius (lat. Barbus arulius) comes from Indian rivers. The size of the wild arulyus is 14 cm, it reaches a size of 10-12 cm in length in an aquarium. The color of scales in males is bright, there are braided growths on their dorsal fins. Aroulius is not a very prolific fish, the female brings less than a hundred eggs during spawning. Failed breeding is a consequence of the close spawning and timidity of the producers themselves.

Barbus clown, or Everett (lat. Barbus everetti) - originally from Singapore. The males of the species are characterized by bright body color. The nature of a peace-loving, slow. The body length is 12 cm. They prefer warm water: 25-28 ° C. It is better to spawn in soft water. Before spawning, the producers are deposited separately on each other for almost 2 years, feeding them with live and vegetable foods. Unsuccessful breeding is also associated with insufficient capacity of the spawning. Males of this species become mature late - at 1.5-2 years.

Red-cheeked barbus (lat. Barbus orphoides) - originally from Thailand and Indonesia. Fish of this species are found in rivers, lakes and standing bodies of water. The body length is 25 cm. In the aquarium, they get along well with other large, peaceful fishes. Young red-cheeked barbs have dark spots on their tail fin. In the aquarium, they practically do not breed, breeding takes place on fish farms and in artificial ponds. Subject to infection with internal parasites, so before settling in the general aquarium, you need to spend 2-3 week quarantine, using prophylactic preparations.

Look at what a red-barred barb looks like.

Barbus Schwanenfeld (lat. Barbus schwanenfeldi) is from Indonesia. It is an omnivorous species, but in order to maintain the metallic color of scales, it is necessary to feed with carotenoids. The length of the body is 35-40 cm. Cultivation in an aquarium is impossible. Before landing in a common tank, the fish is also put on quarantine.

Average barbs

Body sizes of medium species are from 4 to 10 cm. Types of medium sizes are characterized by bright color of scales, mobile and territorial character. Many can be kept in aquariums with a capacity of 100 liters or more.

Sumatran Barbus (lat. Barbus tetrazona) comes from the slow flowing rivers of Indonesia and Fr. Sumatra. The color of the body is different "striped" pattern - on a yellow background there are four vertical stripes. The fins are dark with pink edging. There are breeds of Sumatran barbs. The size of the fish in an aquarium is 5 cm. It is recommended to keep 6-8 individuals in a flock to avoid conflicts.

Barbus black, black diamond (lat. Puntius nigrofasciatus) - fish originally from about. Sri Lanka. Body length - 6 cm. The body is tall, rounded, flattened on the sides. Above the upper jaw mustache absent. Juveniles look like Sumatran barbus, with age the bands fade and leave the body. Males are beautifully painted during the spawning period - the front part of the body becomes bright red and the back has an emerald sheen. Dorsal fin black. The color of the scales of females is not so bright, however, the stripes on the body remain until the end of life.

Watch a pair of black barbs.

The fire barbus (lat. Puntius conchonius) is a beautiful fish with an olive-green back and a yellow-red belly. Body size: 5-8 cm in length. The body glows with a silvery sheen. The base of the caudal fin has a black speck. In males, the dorsal fin has a black tinge, the other fins are yellow. During spawning, the males acquire a bright red body color, the fin on the back becomes orange with black edging. Females are round and faded, colorless fins.

Small barbs

Cherry Barbus (lat. Barbus titteya) - originally from Sri Lanka. The body is elongated, compressed at the sides. The body size is 4 cm in length, a horizontal dark stripe passes through the body. During the spawning period, the males are painted in bright cherry color, so the fish have this name. The females have a large and rounded body, a yellowish-orange hue, and the back is dark. Fins are red with black edging. The nature of the fish is timid, peaceful.

The five-lane barb or pentazon (lat. Puntius pentazona) is a fish originally from Singapore. It looks like a Sumatran barb, but the body of elongated symmetry is colored brighter. The scales are yellowish-silver, five strips of blue-black tone pass through the body. Above the upper jaw there are 2 pairs of antennae. Body size - 7 cm in length.

Oligolepis (lat. Capoeta oligolepis) is a fish originally from Indonesia. Torso length - 4 cm. The color of the scales is silver-nacreous with 4 black vertical stripes. The eyes are large, above the upper jaw there are two pairs of antennae. In males, the fins have a dark edging, in females they are transparent.

Gracilis (lat. Barboides gracilis) is an endemic of African rivers. Very small fish, 2 cm in length. He lives a little - just a year and a half. The body is oblong, the torso is not pronounced, but immediately passes into the head. The fins and body of the fish are transparent. At the base of the tail there is a large black spot. Fish can be kept in the species aquarium flock.

See also: Barbus green mutant.

Who do the barbs get along with?

Barbus - killing fish, representatives of the genus Barbusov. Natural habitat - Africa and Southeast Asia. There are several dozen species of these fish that lead the pack way of life. The average size of small fish is 4-8 cm. Sometimes, endemics caught in natural water bodies can be seen on the market, and they are easily adapted to the home aquarium. Some adults grow large, 12 cm or more in size.

The opinion is widespread, their compatibility in an artificial reservoir is possible with other fishes. Indeed, some aquarists are not afraid to settle them with gourami, guppies, swordtails, and even cichlids. However, the school of barbs is able to intimidate and show aggression towards neighbors, sometimes destroying them physically. Yes, and among themselves they get along not without resistance - these fish are active, nimble and will not miss theirs.

Fish behavior

Barbs growing in length of 10-12 cm are classified as large species. Among them: arulius, Everett, red-cheeked barb, African barbs. Compatibility in the general aquarium is possible with cichlids, freshwater sharks and catfish. Medium and small barbs reach a length of 5-6 cm in the aquarium. These include Sumatran, five-lane, green, ruled, oligolepis barb.

They are united by a cheerful disposition and a high level of activity in the water, so they are recommended for breeding in glass tanks. Get on with other fish of similar size, but not with slow. Snooty character - fish with long and veiled fins pluck, depriving those of a beautiful appearance. For them it is better to choose a spacious rectangular aquarium, where there will be enough space for swimming. Shelters are also important - stones, snags and plants, but in a certain amount - they are not needed much for schooling fish. 6-7 fish should be acquired immediately to avoid stress and conflict situations.

Look at the aquarium with Sumatran barbs in the company with scalar scalar and ordinary.

A signal of unfavorable conditions in an aquarium may indicate a strange position of the fish - when they do not lie at an angle of 45 degrees head down (as during rest), but at a greater angle.

Quickly swim in the pond, are constantly in motion, play among themselves, catch up with each other. They live not very peacefully, they will compete with even aggressive species of fish. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully and carefully choose their neighbors.

Who can live with most barbs?

Before allowing other fish to approach them, it is necessary to check their compatibility in the aquarium. As you know, these teasers are not averse to fighting or pinching their neighbors, it may be fun for them, but for others it is a big fright.

Для противостояния барбусам, рыбкам приходится собираться в большие стаи, да и характер этих "конкурентов" должен быть сильным, не пугливым. Только при таких условиях можно избежать провокаций. Часто барбусов разных видов поселяют в один питомник, чтобы не рисковать с неудачным подселением.

Если вы хотите подбирать рыбок по схожести окраса и темперамента, избегайте соседства с малоподвижными рыбками. Например, суматранские барбусы хорошо смотрятся с боциями-клоунами - у них похожий цвет чешуи и аналогичная среда обитания.

Proven compatibility between barbs and other species of fish with which they live peacefully, these are small fish:

  • Swordtails;
  • Clowns;
  • Botsia;
  • Pecillia;
  • Gourami;
  • Labeo.

On the behavior of Sumatran barb with neighbors

Sumatran barbs, or tiger - very mobile representatives of the underwater world. Make a perfect neighborhood in the aquarium to those fish that have an active disposition and similar sizes. Compatibility with fish, in which wide void-shaped fins are unacceptable - they bite them. Fish of medium and large sizes are also not always suitable. Gourami, cichlids, telescopes, scalars, and tails are incompatible with them. Restless appetite "tiger" will create problems for a peaceful fish, taking away her food.


Fish that have offspring, will also suffer - their fry will be eaten by the Sumatran "tiger." Even the fish from their flock, they oppress that already talk about strangers. This is a territorial view that considers itself the owner of the reservoir. If the fish has mastered some part of the aquarium, it will not give it to anyone - the enemy will be immediately expelled.

Tiger barbs can not be called very aggressive fish. The described cases are rare, and, as a rule, under the wrong conditions of detention and sharing. They are recommended to be settled in the pond after other fish live there and get comfortable - in this case mutual sympathy and respect for each other will arise.

Is it possible to move the barbs to live-bearing fish?

Fishes of different types require a large space for keeping. When flocks of different species of fish are found in a small aquarium, territorial and personal conflicts begin. Big mistake novice aquarists - sharing the barbs to the peaceful viviparous fish in a small tank.

Look at the Sumatran barbs along with the green labo.

Guppies do not belong to those types of fish that can be hooked to active fish. There were cases when the latter attacked guppies, even an increase in the number of males did not help. We have to settle these species in separate nurseries, saving them life and health.

Do the barbs go up to the swordtails?

Swordtails have large and lush fins, to which the barbs are not indifferent. A big plus of the Sword-bearers is high mobility and activity in the reservoir. A chase may occur, and the barbs will surrender. But in order for the neighborhood to be successful, you should follow several rules:

  1. Do not keep too small aquarium: there should be enough space for everyone in it, be sure to plant water plants in it. Large space will allow barbs to frolic.
  2. Move to the swordtail barbs of different types. This is to prevent aggression. Representatives of different species will begin to sort things out among themselves, without disturbing other fish.
  3. Barbs have no sense of proportion - having bitten a fish once, a predator wakes up in them. They will not lag behind the victim, and may ultimately destroy the creature. This happens when the supposedly active swordtail is calm and slow.
  4. Swordtails will not show aggression to the barbs, if they will have enough food and shelter. Subject to the rules, all fish can cohabit peacefully and without conflict.

More about compatibility

If you have a beautiful and spacious aquarium with gourami, and you decide to share a flock of barbs with them - be careful! The latter are avid hooligans who will literally “get” beautiful fish. Gourami will calmly relate to such a neighborhood, but one cannot say so about barbs. Small species get along with gourami, but large ones can damage their fins, and even destroy. Again, in order to prevent conflicts, a flock of 6 or more individuals should be hooked up immediately, so that the barbs have a showdown of the relationships within the flock. Gourami will only watch the fights and chases. Given this fact, gourami and barbusyat can be neighbors in the same territory.

See also: Breeding features of barbs.

Barbus of Sumatran: content, compatibility, photo-video review



Sumatran Barbus tetrazona

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.

Ph: 6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description of Barbus of Sumatran:

Inhabits the waters of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. (native of Sumatra) Sumatran barbus was first introduced to Europe in 1935, and to Russia - 1946.

Sumatran barbs - schooling, very mobile fish. The body of these barbs is high, strongly compressed from the sides. No mustache. The general color is golden-pink, the back is darker with a red tint, the belly is yellowish-white. On the sides are four vertical black stripes. The first passes through the eye, the second behind the pectoral fin, the third behind the dorsal fin and the last at the beginning of the caudal fin. The dorsal fin is black with a bright red border, the other fins are pink or red. Females are larger than males with fuller belly.. The color of the males is brighter, the red color of the fins is more saturated. It should be noted that in nature, Sumatran barb has a more faded color than its aquarium congener. In the aquarium, Sumatran barbs prefer to stay in flocks. Mainly in the middle and lower layers of water. For the maintenance of these fish, it is desirable to have an aquarium densely planted with vegetation (from 50 l) with open swimming areas. The soil is better dark, otherwise the fish get a paler color. A flock of Sumatran barbs in 5 - 10 or more individuals can be kept with other peaceful, but able to stand up for themselves fish. It is important to note that with a small content of 2 - 3 fish, these barbs can show strong aggression both to each other and to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Sumatran barbs do not belong to predators, but if in the aquarium, where they are located, fry of some fish appear, they instantly grab the fry and swallow. At the same time the barbs will not calm down until they catch all the fry. The exceptions are sedentary and voile forms of fish, in which barbs can bite off the ends of the fins. In addition, a flock of Sumatrans moving quickly through an aquarium can cause constant stress and discomfort among other less active inhabitants.

Sumatran barbs unpretentious, a favorable temperature is 21-23 ° C, however, good filtration is necessary in the aquarium, regular water changes (1/4 of the volume once a week) and can be planted with any plants, but it is better to prefer small-leaf plants (cabomba, myriophyllum). If the aquarium does not have an air purge, it is advisable to replace part of the water with fresh water at the same temperature from time to time. Such a replacement of water is very favorable effect on the fish. The fish are less sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water than others. If the fish nevertheless swims upside down at the surface, the water should be replaced immediately.

Sumatran barbs are omnivorous. and eagerly eat any live and artificial food. A feature of this species is the tendency to overeating (the cause of obesity and death of fish). To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the amount of feed and use the rule, it is better not to feed the fish. In addition, it is desirable to include vegetable feed in their diet, for example, lettuce leaves, nettle, dried seaweed, etc.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo the female is the female of the Sumtransky barb and the male

Under normal conditions of detention, especially after replacing part of the water, Sumatran barbs, gathering in a flock, swim briskly in the aquarium. Sometimes, huddled in the shaded corner of the aquarium, the barbus can be in the same position for hours with almost no movement. In this case, the fish is kept in an inclined position, with his head down. This condition is normal for the fish and should not be disturbed. Males have a warlike character and sometimes in the presence of females, fluffing up their fins, enter into a fight with each other: they seek to grab each other by the jaws, push the side surface of the body or pinch the mouth. Usually these fights do not lead to noticeable damage and end with the fact that the fish diverge and again peacefully swim in a flock.

Life expectancy in an aquarium is 4 to 5 years. Breeding becomes possible after the fish reaches the age of 5-9 months.


A beautiful selection of photos of Sumatran barb

A compilation of a video about the Sumatra barb

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, in the aquarium, it is desirable to create a current by aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow quickly. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the characteristics of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

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Barbus: species

If you prefer active fish, then feel free to start barbs! They are not only fast, bright, beautiful, interesting, but also very unpretentious: they live in any volumes, they easily adapt to new conditions, they are good neighbors, they rarely get sick and quickly heal, are not picky about food, and cannot enumerate everything.

But most importantly, the diversity of their species is simply amazing! It seems to us that anyone who wishes will find among them a fish to his liking, the right size and color. Modern aquaria knows about 50 varieties of barbs, but not more than 20 of them are widespread. We will try to briefly describe the most interesting and favorite representatives of these carps.

Very large barbs

This group includes all fish whose body length exceeds 15 cm.

Leptobarbus of Haven (Leptobarbus hoevenii)

They live in southeast Asia, in Thailand, Sumatra and Borneo. In nature, they grow up to 61 cm, in captivity - only up to 30. They contain these giants, as a rule, in huge demonstration aquariums.

Their body is silvery. Along it, from the gill cover to the tail there is a fat black band, which disappears with age.

The tail is blackish, and all fins are reddish, as they mature, they fade to pink. The head is wide. There are 4 well developed tendrils and pharyngeal teeth.

Schwanenfeld barbs or bream-shaped (Barbodes schwanenfeldi)

Grow up to 35-40 cm and live up to 10 years. The shape of the body of the bream-like barb diamond-shaped resembles a domestic bream. There are silver red-tailed, albino and gold species. The latter is derived by artificial means.

To maintain a spectacular color, they need vegetable supplements or special foods with carotenoids. In aquariums, these fish do not propagate most likely because of their large size. But for sale in Singapore and Thailand bred in large quantities.

These bream look very impressive in large species aquariums, which sometimes stand in offices or public institutions.

Bala Shark (Balantiocheilus melanopterus)

Slender silver fish with golden sides and yellowish-white fins with a black border. In nature they grow up to 40 cm, in captivity a little less. Very similar to sharks, especially the dorsal fin, but only in appearance.

By nature, lively and mobile, but peaceful and fearful to such an extent that they can die from strong stress or fear. At night they make clicking sounds.

Red-cheeked barbs (Barbus orphoides)

Distributed in south-east Asia, in Thailand, on the island of Kalimantan and some others. The length of an adult wild fish is on average 25 cm. The body is silver with black dots arranged in longitudinal rows. At the base of the tail and dorsal fin there are black spots. The tail is orange-red. Business card orphoides - red spots in the area of ​​gill covers.

Large barbs

These are all fish with a body length of 7 to 15 cm.

Arulius (Puntius arulius)

Another name is kositselavnichnye barbs. Inhabit rivers and flowing lakes in the south and southeast of India. There aroulius grow up to 14-15 cm, but in the aquarium they do not hold out to these sizes, only 10-12.

  • Their body is elongated and painted in a yellowish-gray color with a metallic sheen.
  • The gray back is blue and has several transverse, wide black stripes.
  • Scales along the sideline adorn the green shiny points.
  • On the tail and anal fin there is a wide red border.
  • The fin on the back is blackish, the others are transparent or slightly pinkish.
The mating "outfit" of males is very beautiful: a bright blue body with a fiery anal fin and tail. On sale you can find albinos, which are bred and brought from Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand.

Cross barbs (Puntius lateristriga)

Named so for the original pattern on the body, resembling a cross: in front of the body there are 2 vertical stripes, which crosses 1 horizontal, ending at the tail. Aquarium individuals reach 14, and wild - 17 cm in length.

The fry have a very interesting non-characteristic coloring: greenish-orange back, golden-yellow sides and orange belly. For this reason, young "crusaders" for some time considered a separate species.

Barbus filamentosus (Puntius filamentosus)

These are residents of Sri Lanka. Distributed also in the south-west and south of India. Grow up to 15 cm. The body is elongated, egg-shaped. The back is arched more than the abdomen. The scales are large. Young and adult fish are painted differently.

  • Young silver with 4 transverse black stripes and orange-brick-red fins.
  • In adults, only the silver remains silver, acquiring a bluish, greenish or golden tint. The back becomes brown with greens, and the belly reddish. Fins may be yellow green or pale red. Before the tail there is a black spot.

Green barbs (Puntius semifasciolatus)

In nature, common in the southeast of China from Hong Kong (Hong Kong) to the Hainan Island. More coldwater than the rest.

They are kept in aquariums without additional heating, and in summer under conditions of warm weather, even in outdoor pools.

Elongated in length and slightly flattened laterally, their body in front of the body is high, and the tail is sharply narrowed. On the rounded head on the sides of the mouth there are short antennae. They are a bit like fire barbs.

The body background is greenish yellow with a metallic sheen. The back may be olive or brown. On a body dark spots of a different form which are more in back part are chaotically located. The fins are reddish. There is a selection form of golden color - Schubert's barb.

Other species

  • Zebra osteobrams (Indian Barb Osteobrama Zebra). This is a completely new variety. Name received for the "zebra" pattern on the body.
  • Gambian barbs (Barbus gambiensis). They were brought to Russia from Guinea, Zaire, Angola. Under aquarium conditions, they grow up to 6-8 cm. The body is longish, brown-gray with a silvery sheen and dark spots. Fins are orange.
  • Barbus Schubert or Chinese (Barbus Schuberti). Their home places are China, Vietnam, Taiwan. In nature, these fish are greenish, but the aquarium species shines with gold. This is an artificial form that Thomas Schubert derived in 1960 and gave her his name. On the golden-yellow background of the body of the fish points, lines and spots are scattered randomly. The fins are red.
  • Barbs denison (Puntius denisonii). Discovered in western India. Do not like standing water. Grow up to 9-11 cm. The body is elongated, similar to a spindle. Scales silver. Through the whole body, from the mouth, through the eye and to the tail, are bands of black and red. At the ends of the tail blades are yellow and black spots. The fin on the back resembles a sail, casts red.
  • Everett or clowns (Puntius everetti). They are found in the waters of Singapore and Kalimantan. Adult fish grow to 12 cm in length. They are easily recognizable by their greenish-golden color and black spot at the base of the tail. They love warm water. Mature late and can multiply at the age of at least 2 years.

Average barbs

This group combines fish with a body length of 4 to 7 cm.

Sumatran barbs (Barbus tetrazona)

Perhaps the most popular variety. These are residents of slow flowing rivers and lakes of Indonesia. A lot of representatives of this "breed" are found on the island of Sumatra, hence the first name - Sumatran barb.

They are also called tiger-colored due to the striped color: on a high, flattened, yellow-silver body there are 4 black vertical stripes. The head is wedge-shaped. The fins are dark with pink edging.

The fish bred by breeding and breeding in an aquarium exceed their “wild” fellows with brightness. Among them are color variations that do not exist at all in nature. The size of aquarium fish is about 5 cm. An interesting fact: in solitude and a pack of 6 pieces, Sumatrans are quiet and peaceful, but in the amount of 2-3 they turn into terrible bullies and teasers who do not give passage to other inhabitants of the aquarium.

Barbusses black (Puntius nigrofasciatus)

Their second name is a black diamond. They were found in Ceylon. The length reaches a maximum of 6.5 cm. The tall body is flattened laterally. There is no mustache on the pointed head.

Externally similar to the Sumatran counterpart, especially at a young age. But as they grow older, the black stripes become barely visible or disappear, and the color of the body turns into dark gray.

Males are very beautiful and original (especially when spawning), in which the front part of the body is scarlet, and the back part is black with emerald shimmer. The fin on the back is black. Females are not so bright, and the stripes remain with them throughout their lives.

Barbus fiery (Puntius conchonius)

Very popular 5-8 centimeter fish. The back is olive-green; the belly and sides are yellowish or reddish. All body casts silver. At the beginning of the tail stem is a round dark spot.

The male dorsal fin is black, the others are yellowish. During the spawning period, they become bright red, the dorsal fin “oranges”, but a black edging remains along its edge. The females are full and inconspicuous: grayish or dull bronze with colorless fins.

Barbusy scarlet (Puntius ticto)

Grow up to 6 cm. Looks like a fiery. The background of the body is brown with silver. The scales are decorated with dark specks, which makes a beautiful fancy pattern on the whole body. In the middle of the body there is a wide (5 mm) bright scarlet strip, starting from the gill cover and setting on the tail. In females, it is barely visible or absent.

Colorless yellowish fins are covered with black strokes. In the area of ​​the head and tail may be single large spots. This species is often crossed with black and fiery.

More types of medium size fish

  • Barbus Stolichkanus or alloplavnichkovye (Puntius stoliczkanus). Thailand and Myanmar are where they live in nature. Sometimes they are called the “pocket edition” of the scarlet barb and are often confused. The only difference between them, perhaps, is in the slightly higher height of the body of the capital cana and the pinkish shade of its body during spawning.
  • Barbus barilioides or sinestrichovye (Barbus barilioides). They belong to the African barbs. The territory of their distribution is great and unites Angola, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Zaire. Males grow up to 5 cm, and females up to 6 cm. Softness is inherent in these fish both in character and in coloring. The females are orange, in males the crimson color prevails. From 15 to 18 narrow strokes of blue-black color are located across the body. For unknown reasons, this species is not popular with breeders.
  • Bimaculatus or two-point barbs (Barbus bimaculatus). These are residents of Sri Lanka. Their length is 7-8 cm. In aquariums are rarely due to unattractive color. The body is greenish, it is golden. You can discern a reddish strip running along the side. Dorsal fin of the same shade as this band. In its lower part and at the base of the tail there is one black spot.
  • Barbs eugrammus or ruled, or striped, or four-line (Puntius eugrammus). Natural habitat - water bodies of Southeast Asia. Painted can be in silver-olive or silver-brown color. Against this background, 4 longitudinal stripes of dark blue color running through the whole body are clearly visible. All fins have no color. The eyes are yellow.
  • Barbs fasciatus or melon, or panda (Puntius fasciatus). These are guests from the southeast of India. In the domestic aquarium settled relatively recently. In males, the body is pearly with a red tint. Dark spots are scattered across it. Two stand out in particular: behind the eyes and in the region of the dorsal fin. The fins are reddish. In the mating season, males acquire a rich red color. Females are more dull, whitish or yellowish, and their spots are barely visible.

These are the most popular species from this group, but not all. There are, for example, Odessa, kuminig, chilling, kongikus, narayani, kalipterus, sasha and others.

Small barbs

The body length of the fish in this group is from 2 to 4.5 cm.

Cherry barbs (Barbus titteya)

Belong to the group of barbs of Sri Lanka. The body is elongated, and compressed from the sides. The bodies of these 4-centimeter toddlers are divided almost in half by a dark stripe, points are located under it.

Males have a peculiarity: during spawning, they acquire a bright cherry color, for which the fish got their name.

Females are larger, have a yellowish brown or orange body color. The back is dark. Red fins trimmed with black. There are albinos. Titteya - timid, quiet, imperceptible. In the content they are capricious than others.

Solar barbs (Barbus gelius)

This is another type of barbs of Sri Lanka, where they are bred in large quantities on special farms. In Russia, not very popular.

These 4-centimeter fish love cool water. They have a small graceful body, more like a rasbor: in the area of ​​the back is high, and to the tail sharply narrowed. The head is small, pointed. Mouth final. The eyes are large.

The background of the body is sandy or yellow. The back is olive. The belly is silvery. Boca shimmer with greens and gold. On each side there are blurry streaks, which flicker with blueness when hit by light.

The fins are high, transparent with a slight yellowness. The tail has two blades, its color is slightly pink. At the base of the dorsal, anal and caudal fins there are drop-shaped blurry spots. Males are smaller, sleeker, brighter, the side strip is golden-red.

Five-lane barbs or pentazon (Puntius pentazona)

Their homeland is the reservoirs of the south-east of Asia, Singapore, Kalimantan, the Malacca Peninsula, etc. Heat-loving. They are similar to Sumatran, but they have a longer and more brightly colored body. On a yellowish-silver background there are 5 bands of blue-black color across. The back is brown-red. Pelvic fins and tail are pure red. The wedge-shaped head is supplied with 2 pairs of antennae.

Oligolepis (Capoeta oligolepis)

The islands of Indonesia, and especially Sumatra - this is the place where they are most often found, maybe that's why they were called island barbel. The history of the appearance of these fish in our country is difficult: they were introduced in 1937, but disappeared during the war, and in the mid-50s they were brought again.

The length of the body of a barbel does not exceed 4-5.5 cm, and the shape of the body they look like green barbs. On the head are large eyes and 2 pairs of whiskers.

At rest, their color is bright and beautiful. Nacreous large scales have dark edges and a prism-like stain at the base, which is why a chessboard pattern appears on the body. The scales shimmer with all colors with a predominance of a reddish hue.

In males, the fin on the back and tail are reddish with dark edging. In females, all fins are transparent, without edging. However, the slightest fright or stress turns these beautiful fish into "gray mice."

The male's "marriage dress" is also magnificent: the velvet-green back is in contrast with the burgundy front part of the body.

Some more species

  • Futunio (Puntius phutunio). These small fish came to us from the east of India and Ceylon. Differ grace and mobility. Physique similar to the Sumatran, but the proportions are less. The color is interesting. The sides are cast in blue, gold and silver. 5 strips of dark blue are distinguishable across the body. Pectoral fins are colorless, and all others are orange.
  • Rhombocelatus or rhombus barbs (Puntius rhomboocellatus). Their native lands are the peat bogs of Borneo and Kalimantan. They rarely appear in stores and are not particularly appreciated, perhaps because of their modest color. Contrast of a pastel body and rhombic dark spots are complemented by reddish fins.
  • Barbusy partipentazon, Hexazone, oktozon, kosuatis, sistomus and others.

Very small barbs

These are fish that do not grow more than 2-2.5 cm. The most famous among them are:

  • Gracilis or graceful barbs (Barboides gracilis). These are inhabitants of such territories as Nigeria, Benin, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea. Very small, not more than 1.8 cm in length. Life expectancy is only 15 months. Their oblong body smoothly passes into the head. The mouth is small. The eyes are large, round. Fins, and sometimes the whole body of the fish shines through. The tail is cut deep.
  • Barbusses jai (Barbus jae). In nature, small ponds inhabit Gabon, Cameroon, and Congo. Their color may be different and depends on the habitat conditions. Completely bright red individuals are known, with red only at the base of the tail and gray with almost burgundy dorsal and ventral fins.

As you can see, the variety is awesome. If you love these fish, then do not stop at just one kind! Experiment! And we will be happy if you share with us your feelings, observations and discoveries.

Barbus scarlet content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Barbus scarlet Barbus ticto

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18 to 28 ° C.

Ph: 6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Barbus Scarlet Compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description Barbusv scarlet:

Lives in the waters of India and Sri Lanka. In Europe, was brought in 1903. The scarlet barb got its own name because of the bright coloring of the male during the spawning period. The trunk of the scarlet barb is elongated, oval in shape, squeezed laterally. Antennae absent. The abdomen is light, the side is silver, the back is grayish-green. Near the tail and above the pectoral fin there are dark spots ringed with gold. On the body is visible mesh pattern scales. The scarlet barbus female is larger than the male and is paler colored. Scarlet Barbus - fish calm, gregarious. It is recommended to buy 6-7 fish at once. Get along well with many other species. The exceptions are fish with wide or long fins, in which barbs can bite off the fins. Swim in the middle layers of water. To reveal the full and the brightest color, you should select a dark background of the soil and the back wall of the aquarium, as well as the color of the plants. Mandatory upper light is offset to the front wall of the aquarium. With the content of scarlet barb in the aquarium rarely have problems. This undemanding fish feels good at a temperature of 18 to 28 ° C, the properties of water do not have special significance. For the maintenance of barbs you need a spacious aquarium, not less than 50 liters, with a large space for swimming and shaded places from floating plants. Aeration and filtration of water are needed, as well as its weekly substitution is desirable. Scarlet barb in food consumes live and dry food.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

The hybrid form, derived from the scarlet barb, is considered to be the Odessa barb of a dull greenish-brown color with spotted fins (except the caudal). During spawning in males along the body stretches a bright red stripe. A close view (according to other data, a subspecies) is the barb tikto capital, which has a bright red dorsal fin with black spots.

Scarlet Barbus photo


General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, in the aquarium, it is desirable to create a current by aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces.Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling. The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow quickly. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the characteristics of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.

Popular video with barb scarlet

Barbus: care and maintenance

In the aquarist slang there is such a word as "barbusyatnik", which means a fresh-water home aquarium, where mostly barbs live - small fish with various colors. It's time to get to know them better.

Brief description of species and subspecies

Barbusses are a genus of carp fish. Another name for representatives of this genus is barbel, since almost all individuals have antennae on each side of the edge of the mouth.

In nature, there are many varieties, but as decorative fish for home aquariums use 12-15. A common characteristic of all these carps is a flat laterally torso shaped like an oval.

Experts believe: if you conduct some monitoring on the content of barbs, then you can select 6-7 of the most common types in domestic and foreign aquariums.

Shark Barbus

In aquariums with a volume of 200 liters and more, shark barb (Latin name Balantiocheilus melanopterus) looks great.

A large representative of the genus Karpov (20-25 cm) received this name due to its fins, which resemble sharks a little.

These fish and voracious, like sharks. Despite their rather serious appearance, they are shy and cautious. It is difficult for fish to get along with aggressive neighbors, but they feel good with other barbs or with guppies, for example.

These carp can be easily recognized not only by the size and shape of the body, but also by the color of the scales. No, it cannot be called bright, but because of the silvery shade, an original mirror effect is created. Almost like mirror carp. Two individuals in a spacious aquarium look great, eclipsing their appearance of all other fish.

Unfortunately, in domestic domestic freshwater bodies, Balantiocheilus melanopterus is quite rare. This is due to the fact that there are no decorative varieties of this species; Carp "sharks" fall into the trading network of natural reservoirs of Southeast Asia.

Barbus lineatus

Fish of the barbus genus, which are popular in aquarium fish, are smaller. These types include bar (or striped) barbus or Barbus lineatus.

Beautiful Barbus has a gray or olive color, and along the entire body from the gill section to the tail fin are black stripes. His homeland are the waters of the islands of Indonesia.

The size of these peace-loving fish rarely exceeds 8-9 cm; they are usually kept in flocks of 5-6 individuals. Unpretentious and almost omnivorous fish is very common, since even beginners can cope with its content.

Sumatran Barbus

It is perhaps the record for its prevalence in aquariums. Such popularity is connected with two factors: bright beautiful coloring and simplicity in content.

  • The main background color - silver or yellow, along the body are 4 wide black vertical stripes.
  • The size of individuals of this species can reach 6 cm, so a flock of 5-6 specimens must be kept in a “can” with a capacity of at least 50 liters.

Their behavior can not be called calm, but rather - active and fun. In the pack, they build the hierarchy and rarely pick up their neighbors. But if in the aquarium to keep only a couple of such "sumatrans", then clashes with neighbors are inevitable.

In this case, it is not recommended to substitute representatives of aquatic fauna with veiled fins to a pair of such striped barbs: they will inevitably start attacking and bite off pieces of luxurious "veil".

Puntigrus tetrazona

Striped Puntigrus tetrazona eat live food, but you can also give dry as well as herbal supplements. If these additives are not, then the aquarium vegetation is not good. The duration of their life in captivity is 4-5 years.

Puethia conchonius

The barber of fire or Pethia conchonius boasts a pleasant yellow-copper color of scales. Often it is also called golden. Beautiful looking fish from India and Bangladesh in a decorative version reaches a size of not more than 4-5 cm.

As unpretentious as other species, it eats live food, but does not hesitate and dry, in the form of flakes.

Pethia conchonius is better to keep a small flock in the vicinity of other peace-loving and proportionate fish. Species can be called resistant to low temperatures; they carry even + 15 ° C quite calmly.

Green barbs

Habitat of another species - green barbs - areas of East China. Their usual size is somewhat larger: about 9 cm. Absolutely peaceful carps, they do not offend even a floating trifle. It is for this reason that the green "Chinese" were widely spread in the world aquarism.

There are several aquarium species and subspecies that differ in color and size, among which can be called cherry barbs, oligolepis, ruby, butterflies and others.

General conditions of detention

They are quite simple, as representatives of the Barbus genus are unpretentious. Aquarium for the maintenance of a particular type should be chosen in such a size that the school of playful and cheerful fish feel free. Solitary content does not make any sense, since one individual will feel insecure and constantly hide in the bush.

Plants

The vegetation in the barbusyatnik is imperative, and you don’t need to worry about its roots: the decorative carps are practically not interested in the condition of the soil. It should be planted such species of aquatic flora, which have hard foliage. Gentle stalks and leaves of fish are biting off, thereby replenishing the supply of fiber and vitamins in their fish body.

Priming

There are no special disputes and misunderstandings about the ground. Its substrate can be coarse river sand, run-in gravel or pebble of small fraction. The only thing that is advised to pay attention is the color of the soil. For bright colored fish it is better to pick up the soil darker. For contrast, so to speak.

Temperature, permissible water parameters, filtration

The recommended optimum temperature of keeping should be in the range from +20 to +25 degrees above zero, but almost all types of these carp birds easily tolerate the lowered temperature of the water. That is why, in most cases, forced heating of aquarium water is not needed, room temperature is quite enough.

As for the other parameters, the pH should be close to neutral, but the hardness may be different - depending on the quality of water in which certain types of barbs are found in nature. Most often, this indicator is in the range from 5 to 15 degrees.

In the “barbusyatnik” it is enough to maintain the usual filtration, but aeration should be provided intensive and constant.

Feed

Difficulties in matters of nutrition usually does not arise: all varieties of barbs are happy to eat live daphnids, pipemaker and bloodworms. They do not disdain and dried or frozen food, as well as commercial feed for carp in the form of flakes or small pellets. Herbal supplements (chopped dandelion or spinach leaves) should be at least 25% of the total diet.

As you can see, the conditions of maintenance are relatively simple, available for each aquarist.


Breeding

Experts recommend organizing it in a separate spawning aquarium with "old" water. Its level should not be high, ground is not required. However, vegetation is necessary, since females usually spawn on its leaves.

At the bottom of the aquarium should put a separator plastic grille to protect the eggs from eating. Yes, producers after spawning can calmly enjoy caviar.

Spawning is usually stimulated by heating the water 2-3 degrees above normal. After it is completed, parents are transported back to the general aquarium. The number of the smallest eggs may be from 300 to 500, but not all survive.

About a day later, tiny fry are hatching that lurk in the foliage. After another 3-4 days, they, emboldened, begin to actively move in search of food. Starter feed is live dust. Juveniles quickly gain weight, and young fish reach sexual maturity by 8-10 months of their life.

Funny these barbs! Watching their games is very interesting, and the content does not cause any special problems. This is precisely the secret of their popularity.

Barbus Clown: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Barbus clown

Barbus everetti

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 0С.

Ph:6.5-7.5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.

Compatible Barbus Clown: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.

Personal experience and useful tips: If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik."

Description:

In nature, the Barbus clown lives in slow-flowing bodies of water in Southeast Asia.

At the clown barb the body is elongated in length, the profile of the back is more curved than the belly, the lateral line is full. Mouth final with 2 pairs of antennae. The tail fin is two-bladed. Color barbus body: back from slightly orange to reddish-brown, side is lighter. On the body are black and blue oval spots. Fins from pale red to deep red. As a rule, the male is brighter and smaller than the female; before spawning, the female is very stout. Under natural conditions it grows up to 14 cm, at home no more than 10 cm.

Barbus clown is mobile, jumping and relatively "peace-loving" fish. It is comfortable to keep it in a group of 6-7 individuals. Different types of fish can be neighbors, except for slow-moving fish and fish with wide and long fins. This species of fish is kept in the middle and lower layers of water.

Barbus clown is contained in an aquarium with a length of at least 80 cm with a muted, diffused lighting. In the aquarium should be overgrown plants (at the edges and at the back wall), various shelters (stones, snags) and free space for swimming. Water parameters for the optimal content of clown barb: hardness 6 - 100, pH 6.5-7.5, temperature 24 - 28 0С. Powerful filtration is required (it is advisable to use a biofilter), aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water.

Food for Barbus clown - live (bloodworm, daphnia, coretra, occasionally tubule), vegetable (algae, scalded lettuce, spinach and dandelion) and dry flaky food. With a lack of plant food barbus clown begins to eat around the soft leaves of plants.

Puberty at the clown barbus comes at the age of 1-1.5 years.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Barbus clown video

General information about the barbs

Carp family (Cyprinidae).

Barbusses (genus Barbus) - killing fish. In nature, there are several dozen varieties. Distributed in Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Most of them are small, moving, small fish, 4-6 cm in size. Small barbs are considered to be peaceful inhabitants of aquariums, but their aggressiveness is possible, to the extent that they destroy other fish in the aquarium. In general, these are fast and nimble fishes that are constantly in motion, they are looking for something and are catching up with each other. Suitable for aquarists who prefer active fish. Keep them with inactive neighbors is not worth it, because they will constantly bother, twitch, create a stressful situation. Large barbs can compete even aggressive inhabitants of aquariums. Most of these species can be contained in aquariums from 50 liters. Barbs fish feel good at a fairly low temperature of 20-24C. The composition of water does not play a significant role, these fish are accustomed to live in running water. Therefore, in the aquarium, it is desirable to create a current by aeration. Small species contain flocks of 5-7 pieces. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. Large fish, such as shark barbs, often contain singly or in pairs, they live in captivity much longer. The ground color should be dark, in this case the fish look brighter. Planting plants for these restless fish should not be very dense, with swimming space, because it is in the open areas that the fish show their active character. For them, the optimal presence of floating plants. There should be separate, densely overgrown places that serve as shelter for them. Practically any can be used as food for most aquarium barbs: live - bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, cyclops, frozen daphnia and bloodworms; various dry mixes based on dried daphnia; granulated industrial feed. For adult fish, the addition of plant components is desirable, otherwise, these inhabitants of aquariums can damage young shoots in plants.

Breeding of most species of aquarium fish barbs is not difficult. As a breeding ground, you can use a frame or all-glass aquarium from 10 liters. The water is old, with the addition of 30% fresh, settled. No soil required. The bottom must be covered with plants as a substrate for spawning and to prevent manufacturers from eating the eggs. You can also use the grid, separating the producers from the bottom, in this case they can not get to the caviar. Sometimes the producers have to keep separate before spawning, sometimes the fish spawn and so, even in the general aquarium. Usually, if females have a clearly visible full belly, they are ready to spawn. A couple or group of producers is planted to spawn in the evening. Spawning usually begins the next morning, with the first rays of the sun falling.The female for one spawning sweeps up to several hundred eggs. After spawning, producers need to be removed, otherwise they will try to get to the caviar and may destroy it. Larvae hatch in a day. At first they are hiding so much that they can be overlooked and decided that they all died. After four days, the fry begin to swim and eat. At the initial stage of feeding, infusoria or rotifers should be used as feed. This is due to the insignificant size of the fry. When fry barbs grow up - small crustaceans. Juveniles grow quickly. Periodically, it must be sorted by size in order to avoid cannibalism. With abundant feeding, most species reach sexual maturity by 8–10 months.

When keeping barbs you need to take into account the characteristics of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.


Reproduction of Sumatran and other barbs

Barbusy - pets that are suitable for a novice aquarist. Absolutely unpretentious in content, with a peace-loving character. Consequently, the breeding barbs at home does not seem something overwhelming newcomer. The most common in the aquarium is a Sumatran barb with an amazing striped color on a yellowish-golden body.

How to prepare for breeding

With the first experience of breeding fish, which spawn, the Sumatran barbus will not cause trouble. Such aquarium fish breed and in the general aquarium, a separate spawning - an optional condition for spawning. But first, let us tell you how it multiplies in the conditions of "eviction".

  1. If you feed the fish constantly and intensively, they will willingly start spawning;
  2. At the age of 5-9 months, the barbs become sexually mature and ready to reproduce offspring;
  3. Usually they breed in separate aquariums, where there is a calm atmosphere;
  4. The temperature of the water in the spawn should vary from 22 to 24 degrees;

Selected parents should be fed abundantly before evicting to spawning. Recall that the males of barbs mature 1-1.5 months later than the females.


Before spawning, the producers are seated in different aquariums for a month, offering them a special meal: for the male - proteinaceous (tubule, bloodworm), for the female - vegetable. The temperature of the water is understood to be 2 degrees. The differences between male and female are as follows: females are smaller than males, have a rounded belly. A "swollen" belly indicates readiness for reproduction into the world of posterity.

There are cases when the fish are not fully prepared for spawning. Sometimes several males immediately pursue one female. For breeding it is better to choose the most dense female, with a “full” belly and the most active “male suitor”, with the brightest color. If in a separate spawning ground the female pursues a male, and not vice versa, then it should be replaced with another. When the male behaves too actively, water plants can be placed in the aquarium, which will calm the male, and the female barbus will be able to hide and calm down.

See how the reproduction of Sumatran barbs.

What is necessary for spawning

Before spawning, the aquarium should be ready (volume 10-20 liters, do not contain soil). At its bottom it is better to lay a separator net, which will prevent the parents from eating the eggs. In addition to the mesh, Javanese moss or synthetic fiber can be an excellent substrate for the bottom.

Producers are “resettled” in spawning in the evening, raising the water temperature to 25-26 ° C. Immediately it is not recommended to feed the parents. Morning is a harbinger of beginning spawning, which will last from 2 to 3 hours. For several hours, the female barbus will bring 100-600 eggs. When the female starts to avoid the male, this is a signal that the spawning has ended.


After spawning, fish can live in their usual, common aquarium. And in the aquarium, where the young will first live, it is necessary to replace 25% of the water with fresh. To prevent the formation of fungus on the calf, methylene blue is added to the water (diluted in water until it forms a light blue color).

Eggs should not fall in direct sunlight, it is better to darken the aquarium or move it to a dark, quiet place. After 12 hours, empty, unfertilized white eggs are gently removed with a pipette.

Look at the spawn of barbs.

Fry care

Fish roe develops over several days, after which the larvae appear. For 3-4 days fry appear, collecting infusoria and live dust, rotifers, artemia. They are very active, so they have to feed more often - every 3-4 hours with a regular change of water. Preferably a varied diet with the use of live food, so that the fry will produce fruitful adult fish. It is also recommended to feed a special liquid food for fry.

The first days of life aquarium lighting should be 24 hours a day. When they are 1 month old, they will resemble adult individuals.


Sumatran barbus can breed in a common aquarium, but in order to protect the eggs from being eaten by its other inhabitants and by the parents themselves, it is better to create a calm and comfortable environment for their growth. In stores, young fish are sold at the age of 3 months.

Sumatran barb - hearty seaman

The aquarium fish Sumatran barb (lat. Puntius tetrazona, and earlier Barbus tetrazona) is a bright and active fish that will revive any biotope. It is a small fish, with a yellowish-red body and black stripes, for which in English it even got the name tiger barb. When they grow up, the color turns a little pale, but still a flock of Sumatran barbs in an aquarium is a particularly spectacle.

These carps are a very popular aquarium fish for a long time, and do not lose their popularity. They are called Sumatran because they come from the island of Sumatra. Of course, they have not been caught in nature for a long time, but successfully bred both in Southeast Asia and throughout Europe. Moreover, there are already several artificially derived forms - albino, with veil fins and green.

Keep it simple and it is great for aquarists of different levels. They are quite hardy, provided that the water is clean and the balance is maintained in the aquarium. In an aquarium with Sumatran barbs, it is better to plant a lot of plants, but it is important that there is free space for swimming. However, they can nibble tender shoots of plants, although they do it quite rarely. Apparently with insufficient amount of plant food in the diet.

It is important to keep Sumatran barbs in a flock, in quantities of 7 or more. But remember that this is a bully, not aggressive, but cocky. With enthusiasm they will tear off the fins with veils and slow fish, so the neighbors must be chosen wisely. But the content in the pack, significantly reduces their cockiness, as the hierarchy is established and attention switches.

Habitat in nature

It was first described by Bleker in 1855. Homeland in Sumatra, Borneo, is also found in Cambodia and Thailand. Initially, he met only in Borneo and Sumatra, however, it has now spread. Several populations even live in Singapore, Australia, USA and Colombia.

In nature, they live in quiet rivers and streams, located in the dense jungle. In such places there is usually very clean water with a high oxygen content, there is sand at the bottom, as well as stones and large snags. In addition, a very dense number of plants. In nature barbs feed on insects, detritus, algae.

Description

Sumatran barb has a tall, rounded body with a pointed head. These are small fish, in nature they grow to 7 cm, in the aquarium it is somewhat smaller. With good care live up to 6 years.
Body color is yellowish-red, with very noticeable black stripes. The fins are colored red, especially in males during spawning or excitation. Also at this time they face and red face.

Difficulty in content

Well suited for a large number of aquariums and may even contain beginners. Not bad transfer the change of residence, while not losing appetite and activity. However, in an aquarium with Sumatran barbs there must be clean and well aerated water. And you can keep it far from all the fish, for example, goldfish will be provided with lasting stress. The same applies to fish with long, veil fins or slow fish. The peculiarity of the nature of the Sumatran barbus is that it can pinch its neighbors for its fins. This behavior is typical for the fish living in a flock, as the school content makes them observe the hierarchy and deal with congeners. Avoid two things: keep one or two barbs and combine with fish that have long fins.

Feeding

Eat all kinds of live, frozen or artificial feed. It is advisable to feed him the most diverse, to maintain the activity and health of the immune system. For example, the basis of the diet can be high-quality flakes, and additionally provide live food - bloodworms, tubule, Artemia and coretru. It is also desirable to add flakes containing spriulina, as they can spoil the plants.

Content in an aquarium

Sumatran barbus floats in all layers of water, but prefers the average. This is an active fish, for which you need a lot of free space. For mature fish that live in flocks of 7 individuals, you need an aquarium of 70 liters or more. It is important that it be long enough, with open space, but at the same time planted with plants. Remember that Sumatrans are great jumpers and can jump out of the water.
They adapt well to different water parameters, but feel best at pH 6.0-8.0 and dH 5-10. In nature, they live in soft and acidic water, so the lower numbers will be preferable. That is, pH 6.0-6.5, dH about 4. Water temperature - 23-26С.
The most important parameter is water cleanliness - use a good external filter and change it regularly.

Compatible with other fish

Barbus is an active schooling fish, which must be contained in an amount of from 7 individuals. They are very often aggressive if the flock is smaller and the fins are cut off by their neighbors. Keeping in a flock significantly reduces their aggressiveness, but does not guarantee complete rest. So it’s better not to keep slow fish with long fins. For example, do not fit: cockerels, lyalius, marble gourami, pearl gourami, angelfish, goldfish. And they get along well with fast fish: zebrafish, ternetium, congo, diamond tetras, and most catfish, for example with speckled catfish and taracatums.

Gender differences

It is very difficult to distinguish a male and a female before puberty. Females have a bigger belly and noticeably rounder. Males are more brightly colored, smaller in size and have a redder muzzle when spawning.

Breeding

The little females, who do not care about their offspring, moreover eagerly eat their eggs at the slightest opportunity. So for breeding Sumatran barb will need a separate aquarium, preferably with a protective mesh at the bottom. To determine the appropriate pair, Sumatran barbs are bought by flocks and grown together. Before spawning, the pair is abundantly fed with live food for two weeks, and then deposited in the spawning ground.

In the spawning should be soft (up to 5 dH) and acidic water (pH 6.0), many plants with small leaves (Javanese moss) and a protective mesh at the bottom. As an option, you can leave the bottom bare to immediately notice the caviar and drop off the parents.

As a rule, spawning begins at dawn, if the couple did not start spawning for one or two days, then you need to replace some of the water with fresh water and raise the temperature two degrees higher than what they are used to.

The female of Sumatran barbus lays about 200 transparent, yellowish eggs, which the male fertilizes immediately. As soon as all the caviar is fertilized, the parents must be removed in order to avoid eating the caviar. Add methylene blue to the water and after about 36 hours, the roe will turn. Another 5 days the larva will consume the contents of the yolk sac, and then the fry will float. At first, it needs to be fed with a microcorm and an infusoria, and then translate no larger feeds.

Peculiarities of the behavior of Sumatran barbs

In the list of the most famous fish for aquariums for a long time, the leading position is occupied by Sumatran barb. In the world, it is often called tiger - because of the characteristic stripes. This species includes many subspecies that are common in all aquariums of the country: albinos, barbus green, gold, scarlet, mossy, many others.

In essence, they differ only in color, but in behavior, care and content are identical. The exceptions are some very rare subspecies, which will not be discussed in this article.

Where to begin? With history

Sumatran barbers came to us from Southeast Asia, his homeland - countries such as Indonesia, Sumatra, Malaysia. But, it is precisely known that thanks to man, these fish settled on many rivers and lakes in the world, having got there freely or artificially.

Sumatran barb is one of the fish most preferred by beginners in aquarism. This is a fun and mobile pet, so you should take into account the size of the aquarium cans, in which he will live - small aquariums will not fit here.

The minimum size of an aquarium for this species is 60 cm long. And together with the barbs, it is better not to contain slow or melancholic fish, especially those who are known for large and beautiful fins. The reason is simple - your active fish tills or nibbles them very much (especially the chance of overpopulation or a small size of the aquarium itself).

The largest known body length of a barb is about 7 cm, and with proper maintenance and care at home, he can live for about 6 years.

The most optimal options would be to provide the aquarium with various decorations, and not simple ones, but with hiding places, grottoes and caves. And if all this is supplemented with snags, it will be almost identical to recreate the natural habitat of the Sumatran barb.

Look - barbs in a total 40 liter aquarium.

How to care for a barbus?

The maintenance and care of the barb does not cause much trouble, if you adhere to certain criteria regarding water and temperature. The optimum temperature range is from 23 to 26 degrees, and it is better to stick to the top level.

Sumatran barbus quite easily respond to a change of residence, without prejudice to their own appetite and activity. But watch out for the quality of water - keep it clean and aerate up to par. And to regulate the numerical and species composition of your pets, so that no one has the stress of neighborhood with such noisy fish as barbs.

In fact, the fish is unpretentious to the indicators of water, but the most optimal will be to keep the pH at the level of 6.0-8.0, and dH within 5-10. This is due to their natural habitats - the water is mild and acidic there. But the most important indicator will be the degree of water purity - for this you need to use a quality filter (preferably external), plus regularly make water changes.

As for feeding, the barbs are also completely unpretentious, but sometimes they can show excessive interest in small or tender thin-stem plants, therefore before putting them into the aquarium, it is better to make sure that the fish are completely indifferent to them.

As feed, you can use both dry and live. Do not forget to add some herbal supplements to your diet. They help prevent fish from becoming obese and some of their diseases. Due to such unpretentiousness, novice aquarists love these fish. However, you should closely monitor the amount of food - barbs often sin overeating, which adversely affects the duration of their life, regardless of your care. In the process of feeding you can watch their speed fussing around the trough if you want to eat more than others. Therefore, there is a great chance that sluggish fish will often remain hungry.

An interesting feature is curiosity. For all the manipulations that you will spend in the aquarium, will be accompanied by careful observation. And all the items falling into the aquarium will first be tried "to the tooth", and then applied in the game.

And one more video of a very beautiful aquarium for barbs.

Optimal neighbors

You can appreciate all the charm of the Sumatran barb only if you have a flock (you should not hold them one by one or in pairs). However, you should be very careful when choosing neighbors for joint maintenance and care - slow fish can suffer from violent barbs.

In fact, the fish are not aggressive, but have a clear understanding of territoriality, so their main goal is to take a place and protect it from others. Therefore, any other fish that swim to them will be expelled. Often, their territory barbs choose all the space free from plants - therefore, a situation is often the case when a flock of Sumatran barbs is worn in the center, and all the other inhabitants of the aquarium look out of plants.

The best option would be sharing these "silent" aggressors to the already living fish - then the neighboring truce will be announced, but no specialist will give guarantees. Therefore, the best neighbors for them are such species that are able to stand up for themselves or their territory.

See also: Pseudotropheus - types of striped defenders.

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