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Chromis butterfly: content, compatibility, video review


Microgeophagus ramirezi Chromis butterfly This fish has many names, more complete information about it
You can read here -
RAMISTI APISTOGRAM

Order, family: tsikhlovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 24-32 ° C.

Ph: 5.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.

Compatibility: only with peace-loving and non-aggressive fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Very beautiful small fish. Because of the "crown on the head," it is sometimes called the "goldfish", although it has nothing to do with carp goldfish. It is also called apistogramma (but this is not a real apistorgamma).

Despite all the beauty of the fish, its disadvantage is that it is very demanding to the content, painful - the "white semolina" with poor content is provided to it.

Description:

The body is slightly stretched, the head is large, the mouth is terminal.

Body color is yellow with a blue sheen. The front of the back is reddish-brown. Throat, chest and abdomen golden. The eyes are crossed by a black transverse strip. The whole fish is covered with iridescent blue, green dots and spots. The fins are transparent with a red border. Closer to the head with the back fin has a rich black color (crown). Fish length up to 7 cm.

For the maintenance of the necessary aquarium - from 30 liters per couple, densely planted with plants. Fish can be kept with peace-loving fish.

Recommended water parameters for the content: hardness varies, better soft, pH 5.8-7.5, temperature 24-32 ° C. Aeration, filtration and water change 1/5 weekly. The fish are very capricious and comfortable parameters of water, the conditions of detention may be different. When buying a butterfly chromis, you should check with the seller the specific parameters that contained the fish. Otherwise, unfavorable hydrochemical conditions lead to diseases, especially bacterial infections and ichthyophthyriosis.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Video about chromis butterfly

Ramirezi's apistogram



One of the most popular fish in our aquariums is Ramirezi's Apistogram. They say that it is this small, beautiful cichlid that became the prototype of a goldfish from the m / f "About the Fisherman and the Fish".

The extraordinary beauty and small size of the fish, the peaceful disposition make it possible to keep them both in herbalists and in tsikhlidnik, both professionals and beginners.

Well, let's take a closer look at this amazing inhabitant of our aquariums.

Latin name: Apistogramma ramirezi, also wore Papiliochromis ramirezi, modern correct Microgeophagus ramirezi.

Russian synonyms: Ramirezi apistogram, Ramirez apistogram, Ramirez apistogram, butterfly apistogramm, chromis butterfly, ramirezki, ramrezi apistogram.

Foreign names: Ramirezi, Ramirezi Dwarf cichlid, Butterfly cichlid Ram cichlid, Sudamerikanischer Schmetterlingsbuntbars, Sommerfuglecichlide.

Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).

Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 ° C.

"Acidity" Ph: 6-8.

Stiffness dH: It does not matter, preferably up to 15 °.

Water for breeding: dH up to 10 °; pH 6.5-7.0; temperature 25-27 ° C and above. kH is minimal.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

The complexity of the content: easy

Compatibility of apistogram ramiresi: although they are cichlids, but not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors, we can recommend: red swordtails, ternets, tetras, neons, danios, all peaceful catfish, gourami and lyalius, parrots, other non-aggressive cichlids and even discus and scalar. Chromis-butterflies get along with virtually all small or peaceful fish. Moreover, they are favorably related to aquarium plants - they do not pinch, do not dig and do not uproot them. Of course, this property allows you to contain ramirezok even in elegant herbalists.

At the same time, one should not forget that Ramirezi's apistogram is a cichlid, a sort of micro predator. And like all tsikhlovymi, it is characterized by territorial, intraspecific aggression. See the article - compatibility of aquarium fish.

Not compatible: The butterfly apistogram is unequivocally incompatible with large and aggressive fish - cichlids and catfish, piranhas and other aggressors. Not compatible with the whole family of goldfish.

How many live: Ramires apistogram is not aquarium long-liver and can live for about 4 years in cool water - 25 degrees. And 2-3 years in warm water 27-30 degrees. At the same time, it is worth noting that these fish are thermophilic, they feel good in warm water, which, in fact, allows them to be kept with the same thermophilic fish like discus. And, in the cold water, ramirezka is uncomfortable, they often start to get sick. According to my own observations, I can say that this is the way it is - just that the apistograms of semolina butterflies))) Warm water is comfortable for these fish and as is well known, Ichthyophthyriosis is not comfortable. Find out how much other fish live IN THIS ARTICLE!

The minimum volume of the aquarium for Ramirezi's histogram: from 30 l., in such an aquarium, you can put a couple + small catfish and small neighbors. Under good conditions and in large aquariums, they sometimes grow to 6-7 cm. See how many fish can be kept in X liters of an aquarium. HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for the care and conditions of Ramirezi's histogram

- necessarily need aeration and filtration, weekly substitution of up to 1/4 of the volume of aquarium water.

- it is not necessary to cover the aquarium, the fish do not jump out of the pond.

- lighting is not demanding, it is desirable that in the aquarium cover, one of the lamps has a special lamp that enhances the color of the fish (for example, Marin Glo), with such lighting all the richness of colors in the apistogram will be clearly visible. As aquarium plants can be recommended any stretch from vallisneri to eleoharis parvula.

- Aquarium decoration, at your discretion: stones, grottoes, snags and other decorations. In the aquarium must be provided an open space for swimming. Shelters are not particularly needed.

Feeding and diet apistogram Ramirez

The fish are omnivorous and the feed is absolutely not whimsical. They are happy to eat dry, live food and substitutes. Like many aquarium dwellers love live food: bloodworms, Artemia, choke, Cyclops, Daphnia. Food is taken from the surface of the water and in its thickness, the fish do not disdain to walk along the bottom, collecting the remnants of food.

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, live: small reservoirs of tropics, subtropics of South America. Venezuela, Colombia and Bolivia.

Description:

The body of the ramirezi is egg-shaped, flattened laterally, large eyes, the mouth is terminal. Dorsal fin long, high.

The overall color of the Ramirezi apistogram is blue with a violet tinge, the mouth and forehead are red. From the back there are several rows of dark spots that turn into incomplete transverse stripes. More coal spot bounds the eye.

A bit of history: The Latin specific name of this apistogram was in honor of Manuel Vicente Ramirez, who collected specimens of this species of fish.

Varieties (types) of Ramirezi's histogram

There is a fairly large number of breeding forms of this dwarf cichlid: cylinder - electric blue - neon, gold, as well as the voile and albino form. Below is a photo of a selection of types of apistograms.





Breeding and sexual characteristics of the Ramirezi apistogram

During spawning, especially males, become intense - blue-violet color. In the male, the color of the abdomen is orange, while that of the female is crimson. The first rays of the male dorsal fin are black and elongated; the 2-3 rays of the dorsal fin are usually longer in the male than in the female. In females, the black spot on the side is usually framed by paetkas. Males are larger than females. Ramirezi's apistograms become sexually mature by 4-6 months, when they reach a length of about 3 cm.

Breeding and spawning ramirezok not difficult, in fact, it is typical of the spawning of most tsikhlovyh fish. In fact, spawning occurs independently.

The big problem in breeding is the formation of a good pair of producers. Ramirez’s apistogram is characterized by laziness and squeamishness towards offspring, they either eat caviar or leave it without care and attention. Caused - it is a long maintenance of fish in the home. The domesticated specimens are lazy and need to puff very well to get a caring couple of manufacturers. Everything else is not difficult.

Pairs are persistent and persist throughout the reproductive age. For spawning is usually used an aquarium of 15 liters, with coarse sand, with thickets of plants and an abundance of flat stone surfaces. The water in the spawning tank should be sour (0.1-0.3 units) and warmer at 1-2 ° C than in the general aquarium. The thickness of the water column is about 8-10 centimeters, because in vivo, Ramirezi’s apistograms spawn in shallow water. It is necessary to ensure a weak flow of water.

An incentive for spawning is daily topping up with fresh soft water.

The female lays clutch (50-400 eggs) either on a flat, open surface, or on the inner wall of the grotto, caves, etc. After that, both parents begin to care for the offspring, especially the male. Eggs get over, the dead are destroyed. Masonry can be moved from place to place.


The incubation period of caviar, depending on the water temperature can be from 45 to 80 hours. Well, then the larvae appear, which, due to the yolk sac, feed on their own for 5-7 days. In the first days, the larvae are not mobile, then the male begins to move them into the pits.

Then the larvae turn into fry, which need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, frayed live and dry feed. However, even the most favorable conditions do not guarantee the survival of young.

Interesting video about Ramirezi Apistogram


fanfishka.ru

Ramirezi's apistogram is a fish with many names and colors

The Ramisrez apistogram Mikrogeophagus ramirezi or cichlid butterfly (chromis butterfly) is a small, beautiful, peaceful aquarium fish that has many different names.
Although it was discovered 30 years later than its cousin, the Bolivian butterfly (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus), but it is Ramiserez's apistogram that is now more widely known and is being sold in large quantities. Although both of these cichlids are dwarfed, the butterfly is smaller in size than the Bolivian and grows up to 5 cm, in nature it is somewhat larger, about 7 cm.

It is worth noting that this fish has many different artificially derived forms, such as voile, neon, blue neon, electric blue, albino, gold, balloon and others. But in this its diversity does not end, it is also called very differently: Ramirezi's apistogram, Ramirez butterfly, chromis butterfly, butterfly cichlid and others. Such diversity confuses lovers, but in fact we are talking about the same fish, which sometimes has a different color or shape of the body.

As these variations, such as electric blue neon or gold kneading, are the result of incest and the gradual degeneration of fish due to intragenital crossing. New, brighter forms, in addition to beauty, also receive weakened immunity and a tendency to diseases. And sellers love to use hormones and injections to make fish more attractive before selling. So, if you have conceived to buy a butterfly cichlid for yourself, then choose from a familiar seller, so that your fish does not die or turn into a gray likeness of itself after a while.

The chromis butterfly is considerably less aggressive than other cichlids, but is also more complex in content and capricious. Ramirezi is very peaceful, in fact it is one of the few cichlids that can be kept in a common aquarium even with such small fish as neons or guppies. Although they may show some signs of attack, they are more likely to frighten than actually attack. Yes, and this happens only if someone invades their territory.

Habitat in nature

Ramírezi dwarf cichlid apistogram was first described in 1948. Previously, its scientific name was Paplilochromis ramirezi and Apistogramma ramirezi, but in 1998 it was renamed Mikrogeophagus ramirezi, and it is correct to call it all Ramirezi microgeophagus, but we will give way to the more common name.

It lives in South America, and it is believed that its birthplace is Amazon. But this is not entirely true; it is not found in the Amazon, but it is widely distributed in its basin, in the rivers and streams that feed this great river. She lives in the Orinoco River Basin in Venezuela and Colombia.

It prefers lake chromis-butterfly and ponds with stagnant water, or a very quiet current, where there is sand or silt at the bottom, and many plants. They feed on digging in the ground in search of plant food and small insects. They also feed in the water column and sometimes from the surface.

Description

Chromis butterfly is a small, bright cichlid with an oval-shaped body and high fins. Males develop a more pointed dorsal fin and they are larger than the female, up to 5 cm in length. Although in nature cichlid the butterfly grows up to 7 cm in size. With a good content, life expectancy is about 4 years, which is not much, but for fish of such small sizes it is not bad.

The color of this fish is very bright and attractive. Red eyes, yellow head, body casting a blue and purple, and a black spot on the body and bright fins. Plus, different colors - gold, electric blue, albinos, voile. Note that often such bright colors are the result of the fact that either chemical dyes or hormones are added to food. And by acquiring such a fish, you risk quickly losing it.

Electric blue and ordinary

Difficulty in content

The butterfly is known as one of the best cichlids for those who decide to try to keep this type of fish for themselves. It is small, peaceful, very bright, eats all kinds of feed. The butterfly is undemanding to water parameters and adapts well, but is sensitive to sudden changes in parameters. Although it is quite easy to breed, but raising a fry is quite difficult. And now a lot of pretty weak fish, which either die immediately after purchase, or within a year. Apparently it affects that the blood has not been updated for a long time and the fish has weakened. Either the fact that they are grown on farms in Asia, where they are kept at a high temperature of 30 ° C, and practically rainwater, has an effect.

Feeding

Chromis butterfly is an omnivorous fish, in nature it feeds on plant matter and various small organisms that it finds in the ground.In the aquarium, she eats all kinds of harvesting and frozen food - bloodworms, tubule, coreret, artemia. Some eat flakes and pellets, then not very willingly as a rule. To feed it you need two or three times a day, in small portions. Since the fish is rather timid, it is important that she have time to eat for their more lively neighbors.

Content in an aquarium

The recommended aquarium volume for butterfly chromis is from 70 liters. They prefer clean water with little current and high oxygen content. Mandatory weekly water changes and siphon of the soil, as the fish is kept mostly at the bottom, then increasing the level of ammonia and nitrates in the soil will affect them first. It is advisable to measure the amount of ammonia in the water weekly. The filter can be both internal and external, the latter is preferable.
As the soil is better to use sand or small gravel, as butterflies like to rummage in it. You can decorate the aquarium in the style of their native river in South America. Sand, plenty of shelters, pots, snags, and thick bushes. At the bottom you can put the fallen leaves of trees, to create an environment similar to the natural.
Chromis-butterfly does not like bright light, and it is better to put floating plants on the surface of the species. Now they are well adapted to the parameters of the water of the region where they live, but ideal would be: water temperature 24-28C, ph: 6.0-7.5, 6 - 14 dGH.

Compatible with other fish

The butterfly can be kept in the general aquarium, with peaceful and medium-sized fish. By itself, it gets on with any fish, but larger ones can offend it. Neighbors can be both viviparous: guppies, swordtails, patsilias, and mollies, as well as various haracin: neons, red neons, rodostomuses, rasboros, erythrozonias.
As for the content of Ramirezi’s apistogram with shrimps, it’s small, but cichlid. And, if it does not touch a large shrimp, then the trifle will be perceived as food.
A ramirese butterfly can live alone or in a pair. If you are going to contain several pairs, then the aquarium should be spacious and have shelters, as the fish, like all cichlids, is territorial. By the way, if you purchased a pair, it does not mean at all that they will spawn. As a rule, about ten young people are bought for breeding, allowing them to choose a partner for themselves.

Gender differences

The female from the male at Ramirezi's apistogram can be distinguished by a brighter abdomen, in her it is either orange or scarlet. The male is larger and has a more pointed dorsal fin.

Breeding

Ramirezi's apistogram in nature forms a stable pair and lays at once 150-200 eggs. To get fry in an aquarium, as a rule, they buy 6-10 fry and grow them together, then they choose a partner for themselves. If you buy just a male and a female, then there is far from a guarantee that they will form a pair and spawning will begin.

Chromis butterfly prefer to lay eggs on smooth stones or wide leaves, in the evening at a temperature of 25 - 28 ° C. They also need a quiet and secluded corner, so that no one bothers them, because under stress they can eat eggs. If the couple persistently continues to eat caviar immediately after spawning, then you can remove the parents and try to raise the fry yourself.
The formed pair spends a lot of time cleaning the selected stone before putting caviar on it. Then the female lays 150-200 orange eggs, and the male fertilizes them. Parents guard spawn together and fan them with fins. At this time, they are especially beautiful.

Approximately 60 hours after spawning, the larva will hatch, and in a few more days the fry will swim. The female will move the fry to another secluded place, but it may happen that the male starts attacking her, and then he needs to be planted. Some pairs divide the fry into two flocks, but as a rule, the male takes care of the entire flock of fry. As soon as they swim, the male takes them into his mouth, “cleans” and then spits it out. It is rather funny to watch a brightly colored male take one after another fry and rinse them in the mouth, then spit it out. Sometimes he pulls a big hole in the ground for his growing babies and keeps them there.

As soon as the yolk sac disappeared in the fry and they swam, it's time to start feeding them. Starter feed - micro-craw or infusoria, or egg yolk. At naupilii Artemia, you can go in about a week, although some experts feed from day one.
The difficulty in growing fry is that they are sensitive to water parameters and it is important to maintain stable and clean water. Water changes should be done daily, but not more than 10%, since the large ones are already sensitive. After about 3 weeks, the male ceases to protect the fry and must be transplanted. From this point on, the water change can be increased up to 30%, and it is necessary to replace it with water passed through osmosis.

Ramirez's apistogram or veil butterfly

Ramirezi's apistogram is an amazing aquarium fish that combines a colorful color, calm disposition, small size and peaceful existence with other inhabitants of the aquarium. That is why these fish have gained wide popularity not only among novice aquarists, but also are favorites in the waters of professionals.

In addition, the Ramisres apistogram, due to its monotonous temperament, can easily get along in both tsikhlidniki and ordinary herbalists, is quite unpretentious, and is unlikely to bring its owner a lot of trouble. And the unusual appearance of the fish looks amazingly beautiful against the backdrop of marine scenery.

Natural habitat conditions

The aquarium pets apistogram ramirezi have many names, as in some sources these cute fish call the apistogram butterfly because of the beautiful color, veil, ramirezka, chromis butterfly or just apistogram. And all due to the fact that initially this fish was credited to the subspecies of apistograms, which after some time were renamed microgeophaguses, and later pseudogeophaguses and patliochromis. In the end, even today, many people do not know how to properly call this type of cichlids, but the most common version of the name of this small fish is the ramiresi apistogram.

In their natural habitat, these aquarium inhabitants inhabit the tropical and subtropical parts of South America. Namely, the Columbia and Venezuela rivers, which in turn belong to the Orinoco basin. As a rule, they are kept in tributaries of deep-water rivers, but only in the part where there is practically no current, and the bottom is soft and silty. The water temperature in these regions reaches 30 ° С, and the high temperature index is kept in winter time and makes up 22-26 ° С. In addition to the high temperature, water has a low hardness index, up to about 2 °, and the acid index is 6.5 pN. It is these hydrological indicators that should be followed when keeping and breeding this fish.

But, despite the natural preferences, the ramiresi apistogram can easily adapt to a wider range of the listed natural requirements. Well accustomed to moderate temperature extremes and high rates of water hardness. That is why professionals have attributed this species of cichlids to the category of unpretentious fish, which in keeping and breeding are ideal for novice aquarists.

Look at these beauties.

general description

This aquarium inhabitants belong to the variety of the smallest cichlids that can be bred in an artificial pond. The maximum length of the body is approximately 5 cm. And unlike other specimens of this species, it has a peace-loving friendly character. Compared to other cichlids, the body of the fish is taller, flattened on the sides and slightly elongated. The head is small, the mouth is terminal, and the dorsal fin is high.

Color fish consists of pastel shades. The golden belly, neck and breast are painted with two spots: red and black. The whole body is covered with dots of a green-bluish color, it is this interesting color that makes the color of the ramisi apistogram pearl.

Fins, unlike body color, can be coral in color, bright yellow or deep green. The edges of the fins are painted with a red stripe, which makes the fish truly unique. There are dark lines on the head, which sometimes vary in their saturation, with the result that such stripes are pronounced on some fish, and less pronounced on others.

How to care

The content of this species is not too different from the habitat conditions characteristic of the whole family of apistograms. However, for normal development it is necessary to adhere to certain rules.

  • The small size and peaceful nature allows you to keep the fish in the aquarium from 25 to 30 liters, and placing a couple with other civilians.
  • The optimum water temperature should be around 22 - 28 ° C. Water hardness is about 12dGH, and acidity is from 5.5 to 7.5. But when buying them at a pet store, it is worth wondering what conditions the fish contained. After all, a young ramisise apistogram easily tolerates any changes in the composition of the water, and an adult individual is unlikely to adapt to a new habitat. This also applies to the hardness of the water; for a long time the fish that was in soft water should be kept in such water and vice versa. Professionals advise when buying to ask for a little water, in which the fish lived earlier, this allows gradually adoptopti them to a new place of residence.
  • Lighting is not pretentious, but it is recommended to use artificial lighting with a lack of natural light flux. And in order to admire the full wealth of the color of the apistogram, it is worthwhile to install a special lamp in the aquarium cover that enhances the color of the fish.
  • It is necessary to take care of aeration and filtration of the reservoir, not forgetting to replace weekly a certain amount of water, approximately 1/4 of the total volume of the aquarium.
  • It is not necessary to cover the aquarium, as the fish are calm and do not jump out of the pond.
  • Ramirezi is unpretentious and in food, which is why you can use conventional artificial food for cichlids or use live food. You need to feed several times a day. However, it is worth knowing that it is better not to give large fish moths or pipe workers, as some aquarium individuals may overestimate their capabilities, and as a result, the fish die.
  • Ramiszy apistogram likes to swim and hide in some kind of shelter. To do this, it is necessary to equip small thickets of aquatic plants in an aquarium, to pile up the bottom with stones, snags, caves and all sorts of shelters. But do not forget that these aquarium residents need space for swimming.

See how the butterfly seeks food at the bottom.

Compatibility

Although this species belongs to aggressive cichlids, but it is peaceful and calm enough to get along with absolutely all aquarium inhabitants. In addition, ramiresi favorably refers not only to the smallest fish, but also to live beasts. But, in order not to damage the darling, it is necessary to choose the right neighbors for her, so the red swordman, neons, catfishes, parrots, scalar and other calm cichlids will become an ideal option.

Moreover, the apistogram favorably applies not only to fish, but also to aquarium plants, which allows you to keep this species in posh herbal waters. But it is better not to combine with large cichlids, piranhas, catfishes and other aggressively-tuned aquatic creatures of ramiresi.

Sexual dimorphism and reproduction

Determine where the male, and where the female is very simple, you need to pay attention to color and height. Males, as a rule, are larger than females, moreover, the male's abdomen is orange in color, while in the female it is crimson in color. The first rays of the dorsal fin of the male are colored dark and slightly elongated, the remaining fluoric rays are slightly longer, unlike the rays of the female. Females can also be identified by the presence of a black spot, which is surrounded by sparkles; in males, the speck is simply black. And during spawning, the males acquire a rich blue-violet color.

Spawning and breeding, in fact, is not a complex independent process and is typical of spawning almost all tsikhlovyh fish. However, a big problem is the formation of a pair of producers, since this species tends to leave their offspring unattended or eat caviar. But if there is a suitable pair, there will be no problems with reproduction.

For spawning is better to use a small aquarium, 15 liters, decorated with sand, stones and vegetation. The water in this vessel should be slightly warmer, and the acidity exceeds the normal rate. An incentive for spawning, as a rule, is daily topping up with soft settled water.

The female lays from 50 to 400 eggs on an open surface or inside a cave or grotto. After that, both caring parents begin to care for them. The incubation period is approximately 45 - 80 hours, after which the larvae appear. In the first days of life, they feed on the yolk sac, and after 5-7 days, they turn into fry, which need to be fed with live dust or dry food. But it is worth noting that even the most favorable conditions can not guarantee one hundred percent survival of juveniles.

See also: Guppy Endler - a fish that has been in space.

Pantodon - butterfly fish, photo-video review

Pantodon

winged inhabitant of our aquariums

Pantodon (PantodonbuchholziPeters, 1876). The generally accepted Russian names are “Pantodon Buchholz”, “Mothfish”, “Butterflyfish”. It belongs to the order Kosteyazychnopodnykh (Osteoglossiformes), the family Pantodonovyh, or Moths (Pantodontidae). The color of the fish is “protective” - but beautiful in its own way: pearl-colored sequins are scattered throughout the body, which is painted in an uneven coffee color. Size - about 10 cm; the male is somewhat smaller than the female. The fins are large and strong, resemble wings (hence the name of the fish). The male's anal fin has a deep cut; the thickened rays in the area of ​​this notch serve for internal fertilization. In the female, the anal fin is almost triangular, with smooth edges. The back of the fish is flat, the dorsal fin is retracted back to the tail.

It lives in West Africa, in the Niger and Congo river basin. The water of these reservoirs is soft, with a gentle but steady flow; on the surface - a small number of floating plants with round leaves and large areas of open water. Under the leaves, leaning against them almost flat back, and are pantodon - head against the stream. Above the water - especially in the evening - a huge number of insects regularly fall into the water. As soon as an insect touches water, a fish “flies” out from under the plant's leaf and grabs prey, sometimes even flying several meters through the air and flapping its “wings” like a butterfly.

Butohholz Pantodon is a large fish (up to 12 cm) and with a bias towards predation. Fish less than 5 cm will be swallowed (simply "confusing" them with insects). Therefore, neighbors require fish of at least 7-8 cm. Maintenance conditions: water - soft or medium hard (gH = 2-12), neutral (pH about 7). Temperature at 24-25 °. The pantodon gets along well with the commensurate fish, but it “slows down” a little - it reacts to food slowly and, if there are “smart” neighbors, it may not be in time for distribution. Due to the fact that in nature it feeds on insects falling on water, it eats only that food that floats on the surface of the water (the fish can sink to the lower layers - but not for food) ... Live and mobile food is desirable - slightly dried (but alive! ) bloodworm, coretr and insects. After a month of life in the aquarium, you can get used to eating dry food (but only if there is a current on the surface of the water - and the food "moves"). However, if there are many floating plants on the surface (covering the review), the feed falling on the water may not be traced as the fish stands near the thick roots of the plants and does not see through them (vision is calculated on the drop of food under the nose). So there are difficulties in the content ...

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

May multiply in captivity. For this, a couple is pre-seated for 4-5 days.Manufacturers are fed with moths taken out of the water, an oil solution of vitamin E (or several drops of Fishtamin or Atvitol aquarium preparations) sprinkled for half an hour and then lightly dried. Then put in spawning volume of 25-30 liters with a temperature of 28-30 °. Water should be soft (gH up to 10) and slightly acidic (pH = 6-6.5), its level should not be 10-15 cm. There should be a number of floating plants (guns, etc.) and some uncoupled ones on the surface. sprigs of small-leaved, long-stemmed plants (tomfles or peristlechnistnika), hindering access to the surface of the water. It is advisable to add “Ihtiovit Aquagumat” and a few drops of “Fishtamine” or “Atvitola” to the water. If the producers are ready, the male begins to "care" for the female in the manner of viviparous fish, but, unlike them, presses against the female from above. The fish has internal fertilization (when mated, the male rides a female for some time "on horseback") - and 4-5 matings occur during the day. If you have tracked these moments - then the male can then be transplanted. During the day, the female washes out already fertilized eggs, emerging to the surface of the water. If access to her is not hampered by floating branches of the long-stones, the female can eat caviar. After the female's abdomen is noticeably empty, it needs to be set out ... The fry hatch in two or three days, first fall to the bottom - but soon they rise to the top and “stick” to the surface of the water. On the second or third day, they are already starting to eat. They are large (they can immediately take the larvae of Artemia) - but the feed must also be slightly dried so as not to sink. They can sometimes take dry food for fry (such as "Sulfur Vipan Baby") - but then aeration is necessary for the feed to "circulate" over the surface ...

Fish grow quite slowly - and mature at the age of more than 1 year.

FanFishka.ru thanks author V.M. Chernyavsky

for cooperation and the material provided.

Beautiful selection of photo Pantodon - butterfly fish

An interesting video with Pantadon

Pantodon - butterfly fish, photo compatibility, breeding, description.

The butterfly apistogram is the species that can rightly be called the brightest dwarf cichlid. Among amateurs of aquarium fish, they are particularly popular due to their calm behavior and miniature size. The size of these cute fish do not exceed 7 cm, and their color (yellowish-brown with red-orange tint) can delight anyone.

Apistogramma butterfly - content

Butterfly apistogram is one of the most peaceful fish that gets along well with any neighbors, does not spoil the plants and the ground. For her, large numbers of plants are ideal, an aquarium, the total volume of which should be more than 20 liters (for more than one fish).

It is also worth remembering the ideal parameters of water in which butterfly apistograms will feel best:

  • acidity - pH;
  • stiffness dH - 11 degrees;
  • temperature is not less than 23 and not more than 31 degrees.

In this case, it is worth paying attention to the fact that this species of fish loves high temperatures more, which is due to their proximity to the discus. Butterfly apistograms are very susceptible to water quality. For them, running water would be ideal, but if there is no such possibility, then you need to change 40 percent once a week, or 20 percent of the water in the aquarium once a day. In any case, the water that you add to it, for butterflies, should be settled for at least three to four days. This is explained by the fact that they are very susceptible to chlorine and it is he who can later become the cause of most diseases. Aerating and filtering water is a must. Food for fish of this species must be saturated with proteins, since in essence they are carnivorous. And because of the tendency to overeating, food must be chosen in ice cream or live form.

Butterfly Apistogram - Compatibility

Compatibility with other species is the one question that will worry the hosts of butterfly apistograms least of all. This species, despite its carnivorous nature, has a small size, therefore rarely show aggression towards its neighbors. Moreover, with good nutrition, they will not even try to destroy their cohabitants, as the primary instinct of their love for meat is not self-preservation and protection of the territory, but satisfaction of hunger.

Apistogramm butterfly is resistant to diseases, because diseases that can occur due to improper care of the aquarium, most often, quickly pass without outside intervention.

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