Fishes

Dolphin fish

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Blue Dolphin: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Blue dolphin Cyrtocara moorei, cyrtocara moorii

Order, family: cichlids (Cichlidae).

Comfortable water temperature for keeping Blue Dolphin:

24 - 28 ° C.

Ph: 7.2-8.5.

Aggressiveness: moderately aggressive 50%.

Blue Dolphin compatibility: small and medium-sized cichlids, large barbs, soma.

Personal experience and useful tips: Beautiful fish. A large aquarium is required for comfortable maintenance. Compatibility with other species of fish is limited, fish of the Cichlov family (Mbuna), however, no matter how. But, at the same time, this is probably the most modest type of cichlids, the "Malawian spirit" in them is zero. To date, I have got a pair of these handsome men - they sit in a corner, shy away with sudden movements and sounds, they are falling from a slug of akvaraim into a dimmed state)))

Description:

In nature, it lives in shallow sandy areas of Lake Malawi in Africa. Due to the strong similarity of the shape of the head and mouth with a mammal, it got its name. It was first introduced to Europe in 1968.

The aquarium fish of the blue dolphin has a tall, slightly elongated body, flattened at the sides. Large head, eyes large and mobile, lips thick. An adult male has a large fat growth on the forehead. The back and anal fins are long, tail bilobed. Abdominal and pectoral fins - thin, short. It is possible to distinguish adults and juveniles by color. Young individuals are painted in gray-blue color with a silvery shine, with dark transverse stripes on each side. In the center of the body and on the tail stem on a large dark spot. In adults, the color is velvety blue. The dominant male in the excited state becomes dark blue. During spawning, his forehead turns yellow, and 5-7 dark blue transverse bands appear on the side. All fins are colored blue. As a rule, the male is larger than the female. In nature, the blue dolphin can reach 25 cm. Life expectancy is up to 15 years.

The dolphin is blue territorial, shy and peaceful fish. But, males periodically argue among themselves for leadership, without causing serious damage to each other. Dolphins are shy (even in the vicinity of African cichlids), therefore it is recommended to keep them in a species aquarium in the ratio of 1 male and 2 females or 2 males and 3 females. Keep in the middle and lower layers of water.

It is best to keep a blue dolphin in the presence of a spacious aquarium with a volume of 200-250 liters. with sandy soil, numerous shelters (crevices and grottoes of stones) and free swimming. If you put plants in an aquarium, then you need to take only hard-leaved with a good root system or in pots. Water parameters for the correct content of the blue dolphin: hardness 5 -20 °, pH 7.2-8.5, temperature 24 - 28 ° C. A powerful filtration, aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30-50% of the volume of water is recommended. The dolphin of blue reaches sexual maturity at the age of 12-18 months with a length of 13 cm. Reproduction and spawning are similar to the majority of Malawi cichlids and do not pose any particular problems.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photo with blue dolphins

Curious video with blue dolphins

fanfishka.ru

What the blue dolphin needs

Blue dolphin (Latin name - Cyrtocara moorii) is a freshwater fish of unusual neon-bluish color. Nowadays, this is a popular aquarium cichlid, its maintenance at home has become possible in the early twentieth century. Natural habitat - African Lake Malawi.

In the natural environment, it reaches a size of 20-24 cm in length, the body is colored bright blue, thanks to a bulging forehead and pronounced mouth, the fish has received the name "dolphin", it was these external similarities with the aquatic mammal that gave the cichlid the notorious name.


These aquarium fish, by their nature, are calm, peaceful creatures, however, they possess pronounced power, which simplifies their maintenance together with large and aggressive neighbors, as well as representatives of the mbuna species from Lake Malawi. Ardently defend their territory, in natural waters swim a company - a male and several females. Similar content is preferred in the aquarium. At the bottom of the artificial reservoir should be sand, caves, large snags for shelter, the space for swimming, preferably large and open.

Description

Despite the name "blue dolphin", this cichlid's body color varies from bluish-blue to pinkish-purple. The body of the fish is tall, elongated, flattened at the sides. The head is large with a pronounced frontal part, on which is located a large fatty growth of a pale color. The eyes are large and mobile, expressive. The lips are thick, the mouth is big. The dorsal and anal fins are long, reminiscent of "nachos"; the tail has two lobes. Fins on the chest and abdomen are short and expressionless. Young and adult fish differ in color.

Watch the blue dolphins in the aquarium.

Young fishes are gray-blue with silvery shimmering scales. On the sides of the body there are dark rectilinear stripes. Adult dolphins have a rich blue color, or other colors depending on the conditions of life. The dominant male becomes almost blue during the spawning period, its frontal part is colored yellow, and dark blue transverse bands are seen on the side of the body, from 5 to 7 lines. When the fry becomes an adult fish, dark subcutaneous spots disappear on his body. All fins are blue. Males are larger than females. The aquarium fish reaches a length of 17-20 cm. The fish lives for about 10-15 years.

How to keep

Blue dolphin is not distinguished by aggressiveness and fastidiousness, so it is easy to keep it. Other fish will keep him company, if properly examine their compatibility and behavior in the same cattery. Blue cichlids will not pester other inhabitants of the aquarium, but may be afraid of excessive attention to themselves. It is required to keep a small pack: there are two females for one male, or three females for two males - so they will not be confused and will feel confident. Compatibility is possible with other Malawian mbun fish or with African catfish, however it is better to settle them in a separate tank.

They swim in the middle and lower water; an aquarium of at least 200 liters is recommended with an abundance of large decor. For a beginner aquarist, these fish will become a real find - they are easy to care for and pleasant to watch. They love a huge space where you can both swim and hide. Aquatic plants must be either stile-leaved or planted in pots. As the soil, you can use sand or small pebbles, they love to dig in the soil. The best parameters of water: temperature 24-28 degrees, pH 7.2-8.7 pH, hardness - 5-10 dGH. Aeration and filtration are necessary. Every week it is recommended to update 30-40% of water.

In the wild, they feed on crustacean benthos - the blue dolphin is an excellent hunter. In captivity they eat live, frozen, vegetable and even artificial food. The diet also includes proteins - Artemia, tubule. Fish meat and mammals should be given with caution, or deleted, because blue dolphins are sensitive to such food and can become ill.

Look at the mating dance of Cyrtocara moorii.

Breeding

This cichlid, unlike its relatives, is a polygamous fish. There are several females per male, if there are more than one male in a flock, territorial disputes arise with an unfavorable outcome. At an early age, the sex of dolphins is almost impossible to determine, for this it is recommended to purchase 5-10 fry at once, and to observe their maturation. Reaching the length of 13-15 cm, the fish can be divided.

During the spawning period, males become violent and aggressive, and females - fearful. From a strong fright, the female can swallow her brood. The best conditions for keeping and breeding are calm and constant conditions of water.


In order for the spawning to take place, it is not necessary to transfer the fish to a separate spawning farm if they live independently - the aquarium is also suitable for breeding. In the nursery there should be a large smooth stone, where caviar will be deposited. Sometimes the male digs a pit, which is also suitable for spawning.

After fertilization, females bear 20-90 eggs in the mouth, about 2-3 weeks. During incubation, the female does not eat, because of which it is very depleted and weakened. Some aquarists contain caviar in a separate container with clean water, strong current and low light. When the fry appear, they can swim in the mouth to the mother, protecting themselves from danger. The initial food for the fry is naupilii, artemia and small cyclops. Blue dolphin offspring grows slowly.

Cichlids dolphin blue-description content spawning feeding video.

Description Blue Dolphin (Cyrtocara moorii)

Blue dolphin - one of the most beautiful cichlids living in African lake Malawi. This cool, big-eyed and big-lipped brightly colored fish cannot be confused with any other. The lake is sandy, so the aquarium should be decorated in a rocky-sandy style.
Contain Dolphins in groups where the number of females is higher than males. Males are very territorial, they easily fight each other. In general, these cichlids are peaceful, get along well with other non-aggressive Malawians.
For a pair of Dolphins need a spacious aquarium with a capacity of at least 100 liters, a group of fish - more than 200.

It is better if the aquarium is extended in length (and it is not less than a meter). Put a thick layer of sand on the bottom. In nature, these fish feed on small crustaceans, which they seek out in sandy soil. In aquarium conditions, they are happy to eat ice cream and live moths, dry balanced feed, boiled shrimp, squid (naturally chopped).
The optimum water temperature for zirtocar content is 25-27 ℃, hardness 8-12 °, pH 7.5-8.5. Mandatory filtering, aeration and weekly water change per quarter volume.
In aquariums of large volumes, Dolphins can reach their maximum sizes, namely males - 20 cm, females a little less - about 17-18 cm. The main difference between males and females in adulthood is the presence of fatty growth on the head. At a young age, it is almost impossible to distinguish a male from a female, so it is often necessary to acquire them at random.
Juvenile Dolphins are painted in silver-blue color, on the sides there are dark transverse stripes. In the center of the body and at the base of the tail are large dark spots. In adult fish, the color is velvety blue, including all fins.
At 9–10 months of age, puberty occurs in the cirtocar, after which the fish are able to produce offspring. During the spawning period, the fatty growth on the head of the Dolphin becomes yellowish. Breed these cichlids can up to 8 years.
When maintained in favorable conditions, Blue Dolphins live for up to 15 years.

BLUE DOLPHIN

Blue Dolphin - content.

Scientific name: Cirtokar Muri (Latin Cyrtocara moorii).

Popular names: Tsikhlida Blue Dolphin (Blue Dolphin Cichlid), Tsikhlida Humpback Forehead (Hump Head Cichlid), etc.

Care requirements: taking care of fish is easy, because they can adapt to water parameters.

The size: up to 20cm.

Water:

  • DH level: 10-18
  • PH level: 7,2-8,8
  • t0: 24-260C (75-790F)

Lifespan: 7-10 years.

Habitat: Africa. Blue Dolphins cichlids live in Lake Malawi at a depth of 3 to 15 meters above the sandy bottom.

Behavior: this is one of the peace-loving cichlids, but still it is better not to keep them in the general aquarium. Blue Dolphins feel fine with similar sized fish. In large aquariums, they can live with other cichlids from Lake Malawi, but it is better to avoid mbuna (mbuna very restless and aggressive). They can be kept with Voile Synodontis and African catfish. Blue Dolphins may fight or chase smaller fish, and during spawning they will become aggressive.

BLUE DOLPHIN

Feeding

In nature, they are omnivorous predators that feed on a variety of benthos. In the aquarium, they eat all kinds of food - artificial, live, frozen, vegetable. But, the basis should be high-protein feed, such as a tubule or artemia.

Also, blue dolphins eat small fish, but you can feed them only if you are sure that the fish do not get sick and will not get you an infection. As for the popular feeding with a variety of minced meat or meat of mammals (liver, heart, etc.), at this time the fish organism is considered unable to properly digest such meat. Long-term feeding can lead to obesity and dystrophy of the internal organs, so it is better to avoid it.

Gender differences: An eruption on the forehead develops with age in both males and females. Most often males are bigger and brighter. The easiest way to distinguish a male from a female is by characteristic vertical stripes, the number of which varies from 4 to 7, and the female may have a pair of spots on the body instead of stripes. Also, males have blue tail fins, while females have reddish dots. With age, males forehead acquires a yellowish tint.

Breeding: Puberty fish reach the age of about three years. Blue dolphins tend to breed in the absence of other types of aquarium fish in the aquarium. This species of fish bears fertilized eggs in the mouth. Young females are carrying 15 to 25 eggs, and adults can be about 80. The breeding of these fish is similar to other eggs that spawn in the mouth.

CUTTING VIDEO

FISH - SHOW CONTENT DIVISION DESCRIPTION VIDEO

ASTRONOTUS-TSYCHLIDA OSCAR CARE, SPREAD, DESCRIPTION, FEEDING.

CALCULAR PREDATIVES OF THE AQUARIUM.

Fish aquarium blue dolphins

The dolphin blue is an aquarium fish, which belongs to the family of cichlids (Cichlidae). It was introduced to Europe in 1968. Quite easily divorced at home, because for export is not relevant.

The fish got its name due to its similarity with the mammal dolphin. For the structure of the body is characterized by growth on the forehead. The head of the Dolphin is large, the body is compacted and slightly elongated.

Adults and young fish vary in color. Juveniles have a gray-blue color with silver coating and transverse dark stripes on the sides, while the adult representatives are painted in deep blue. When it comes to spawning time, the male's forehead turns yellow, and he acquires a darker color.

The size of the Dolphin in natural conditions can reach 25 cm; this figure in the aquarium is almost twice as small. There lives the aquarium fish Dolphin about 15 years; in food is quite unpretentious - fit both vegetable and live food, and substitutes. Under natural conditions, the fish feed exclusively on crustaceans.

Since the conditions for caring for the Blue Dolphin are extremely simple, it is an excellent choice for beginners.

The volume of the aquarium for fish should be large enough. The best option would be 200-250 liters. With respect to soil, preference should be given to sandy soils. If desired, you can put algae in the aquarium, but when choosing them it is worth remembering that if the root system is weak, then the fish can pull the plant out of the ground.

Aquarium fish Blue dolphins are quite peaceful. Therefore, it will not be difficult to keep them in a specific aquarium. Even with a periodic struggle for territory, individuals do not seriously damage each other.

Water temperature should be observed from 24 to 28 degrees. Filtration and water change are required.

To breed the Blue Dolphin is extremely simple. Spawning fish is always doubles, and at this time the water temperature in the aquarium should be from 25 to 28 degrees. Bears female eggs in the mouth for 21 days. During spawning, the male protects the territory, therefore it becomes aggressive, and the female, on the contrary, becomes fearful.

Moreover, when frightened, she is able to swallow offspring, because any stress to the expectant mother is absolutely contraindicated.

The self-laying calf lays caviar into a cavity prepared in advance by the male, or on a stone, after which the male impregnates it. The fry begin to swim approximately on the seventh day. For initial feed, babies are advised to choose a small cyclop.

Akara Dolphin


Aequidens itany Puyo Akara Dolphin

Order, family: cichlids or cichlids.

Comfortable water temperature: 22 - 28 ° C

Ph: 6,0-7,5.

Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 60%

Compatible Akara Dolphin: similar tsikhly, soma.

Personal experience and useful tips: For fish you need a large aquarium. Many sources say that the Akara dolphin is a peaceful fish. However, this is not quite true! Such phrases can be misleading inexperienced, novice aquarist. All akars are cichlids and it is impossible to call them conflict-free, peace a priori. Yes, the fish is melancholic, but put a veil store to it and by the evening it will be a good snack for dinner.

Description of Akara Dolphin:

Homeland Akara Dolphin - Eastern Guyana (Itani River).

Akara dolphin is a rather large aquarium fish. The structure of her body, like that of many Cichlians, is tall, slightly elongated. The sides and tail are slightly flattened, the head is large, the mouth is final, the eyes are large. In aquarium conditions, the fish can reach - 15 cm.

The color of the cichlid's body can vary from reddish brown to dark brown. Several dark streaks pass near the eyes, 5 longitudinal dark streaks are placed on the body, the back is dark-brown, and the belly is light. In the upper part of the tail there is a black round spot, which is bordered with a golden stripe. The dorsal fin extending from the head itself is large, the anal is shifted to the back of the body, the color is greenish with brown longitudinal stripes, the lower part of the fins have a checkerboard pattern, the upper part of the fins are brownish in color.

A fish during life can change color, depending on the conditions of detention, health, mood of the fish.

Males differ in size from females, fins are better developed, dorsal and anal fin are sharper.

Many sources say that the Akara dolphin is a peaceful fish. However, this is not quite true! Such phrases can be misleading inexperienced, novice aquarist. All akars are cichlids and it is impossible to call them conflict-free, peace a priori. Yes, the fish is melancholic, but plant, for example, a veil shop with it, and by evening it will be a good snack for dinner.

The neighbors of Akara Dolphin are the same cichlids as she.

Comfortable volume of aquarium for the content of cancer from 300 liters. At least for one pair from 100 liters.

Comfortable parameters of water for fish: temperature 22 - 28 ° C, water hardness from 6 to 20 o, pH 6.0-7.5. Filtration, aeration is required. Recommended water changes up to 30% weekly.

Akara is not whimsical in nutrition. Eats live food and substitutes.

Dilution: stimulation for spawning is an increase in water temperature by 2-3 ° C, hardness up to 6-15 o, pH 6.0-7.5.

A pair of dolphins cannons are aggressive during spawning. The female throws about 500 eggs on a clean stone. After about 3 days, fry appear. Juveniles of cancer of dolphins are fed: living dust, rotifers, nauplii, artemia, cyclops, daphnia.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Akara Dolphin Video

blue dolphin fish

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send