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Varieties of aquarium gourami

Gourami (Latin Trichogaster) is a genus of freshwater tropical fish of the suborder Labyrinth, Macropod family. It charges six species. The scientific name Trichogaster (with filaments on the belly) was gourami thanks to the thread-like rays of the abdominal fins, which are additional organs of touch in the aquatic environment. In addition to the gills, all kinds of gourams can breathe with a special labyrinth organ, it dissolves oxygen in the body.


Natural habitat - regions of Southeast Asia. All varieties of these fish are distinguished by a calm and peaceful nature, some display individual traits of behavior. For example, the males of pearl gouras enter fights for the attention of the female. They make loud noises, letting air out of the labyrinth organ, which can last for hours. Endemics of Asian reservoirs grow in length of 30-35 cm.

Many species - aquarium pets. The most popular gourami: dwarf, pearl, kissing, serpentine, honey, marble, blue. They are united by common external features - the body is oval in shape, flattened at the sides, small in size. In some natural and hybrid species, spots or streaks are visible on the body. Gourami have transparent or translucent fins on the body, the abdominal ones end with filamentous processes. On the anal fin can be found red edging. The eyes are small, with a reddish tinge.

Look at the gourami in the aquarium.

Conditions of detention

After buying the fish it may seem that their scales have become faded. This is not a disease, but stress - when they get used to a new home, the body color will return. For two weeks it is better to quarantine a new pet, this procedure is important in order to investigate the state of health before launching into a common reservoir.

This aquarium fish can grow up to 15 cm in size, so the tank for it should be at least medium in size. For a couple of fish, you can use an aquarium with a capacity of 100 liters or more. On top of it you need to cover with a lid, but not glass. Fish prefer warm water. It is important that the air and water temperatures are the same. From time to time your pets will trap air from the surface of the water, so there should be a gap between the lid and the surface of the water.

The permissible temperature of the aquatic environment should be 22-26 degrees Celsius, a significant drop in temperature is harmful to health. Water hardness up to 16 dGH, acidity 6.0-7.0 pH. Every week you need to replace 25% of the water for fresh. Aeration is needed because it prevents the oxidation of organic matter.


Aquarium gourami like a lot of vegetation, where you can hide. Natural biotope will remind floating plants, Javanese moss. It is necessary to set the scenery so that the fish were where to swim. The upper and middle layers of water - their constant space. Dark substrate will be suitable as a substrate; illumination is desirable bright - 10 cm distance from the LB lamp to the surface of the aquarium. You can put in the tank wooden snags, emit humic substances, which are also beneficial to the health of pets. Under favorable conditions and regular care, the fish will live 5-10 years.

Settled in a common tank should be with peaceful and small fish that can swim in the lower layers of water. Predators, even small sizes can pluck them fins or physically destroy them. Suitable aquarium neighbors:

  • Angelfish;
  • Barbusses (partially);
  • Danio;
  • Mollies;
  • Botsia;
  • Corridors;
  • Iris;
  • Rasbory;
  • Labeo;
  • Swordtails;
  • Tetras.

Wild gourami are omnivorous fish, in freshwater bodies of water they eat zooplankton, insects, and sometimes plants and algae. They have a small mouth, so food should be chopped. Aquarium species of fish can eat live and frozen, artificial food, plant food. It is recommended to give bloodworm, tubule, daphnia, ciliates, crushed snails, finely chopped earthworms. Sometimes you can add lettuce, food containing spirulina. Giving food better 1-2 times a day in very small portions, it is important not to overfeed, otherwise the fish will appear constipated.

Watch a video about breeding pearl gouras.

Breeding

Breeding gourami - a simple process, it is enough to know when they are ready to breed, and where to settle them during the spawning period. Of course, the best way to acquire fry is to establish a separate spawning ground. Increasing the temperature in it to 28-29 degrees, bringing the hardness to 10 °, the acidity of water to a pH of 6.5-7.0. A few weeks before spawning, you need to feed a couple of fish a live feed with protein content. A few weeks after preparation, the female will round up, and caviar will develop in her. Next, manufacturers run into the aquarium with clean water, but not strong over. In the tank should be floating plants, shelters. In the labyrinth nest, the male usually nests, and he also cares for the eggs. Some species have peculiar premarital behavior, but often the rules of breeding are common. The male builds a nest of bubbles and plants, bonding the "structure" with saliva.


During spawning, fish can make sounds that resemble rumbling or croaking of frogs. This is a consequence of the work of the labyrinth organ located under the gills. The male invites the female to his nest, and begins a dance with her, helping to free herself from her calf. Then he fertilizes her and transfers her to the nest, the fallen eggs return to their place. Some gourami produce 200-300 eggs, the serpentine female produces up to 1000 eggs and more. The incubation period is from 24 to 72 hours depending on the water temperature.

After spawning, the female can be immediately deposited, and the male should be left until the fry are billed. First, they eat up the contents of the yolk sac, later they will begin to swim independently in search of small food. Starter feed - ciliates, liquid feed for fry. Later, the larvae of Artemia can be given, but make sure that they are small. Children also need access to atmospheric oxygen for the proper development of the labyrinth organ. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 6-12 months.

Marble gourami care spawning photo video description compatibility.

Marble gouram character and compatibility

These are rather peaceful, slow and quiet fishes. They prefer to be in the upper and middle layers of water. Gourami are perfect for keeping in a common aquarium with fish of similar size and temperament.

The neighborhood with minors, neons, races, scalars, corridors, antsistrus, apistograms will be a good one.

It is undesirable to populate them with the mischievous Sumatran barbs and snooty swordsmen, who have a habit of tugging at their mustaches with Gourami.

And marble is absolutely incompatible with aggressive cichlids, parrots, labidochromis, goldfish, etc.

But for fry and small fish, these labyrinths can themselves be dangerous, since they will easily consider them as food.

Inside the species, clashes between males can occur, but their outcome is always safe. To avoid this, you can keep a pair of fish or two females and one male. If there are more than one males, then it is advisable to plant more plants and make shelters so that the weaker can hide in them.

Marble gourami photo

Gourami marble: maintenance and care

Can size. For fry there will be enough an aquarium of 50 liters (for 5-7 fish), and for adults you will need at least 80 liters. If there is a lid or glass on top, then they should fit snugly, as Gourami needs breathing air.

The optimal distance between the lid and the water surface is at least 5-8 cm. The difference between the water and air temperatures should not be large, so that the fishes, swallowing cold air, do not catch a cold.

Water parameters. Despite good adaptability, it is better to adhere to optimal indicators for water: the temperature is within 23-28 degrees, the acidity is from 6 to 8.8 and the hardness is from 5 to 35.

Filter it is better to set the minimum for the current, as they do not like strong fish. Aeration is optional. Weekly recommended to replace one-fifth of the water.

Lighting better bright top, and in the morning, preferably sunny.

Priming dark is recommended, then the color of Gourami will be as bright as possible, which means the fish will appear in the most advantageous light. Fine pebbles, granite chips, coarse sand will do.

Plants better to plant thickly in groups. Do not forget about the place to swim. It is usually left in the center, and the side and the background are planted with peristophagia, elodeis, cryptocoryne, vallysneria, tuna, echinodorus, Thai fern. Floating too should be. They will be needed to build a nest if spawning is planned in general. On the surface, you can put duckweed, Ritchia, piste, salviniya.

The decor. In addition to the overgrowths, it is not bad to construct several shelters of clay shards and snags.

Marble gourami photo

MARBLE GURAMI DESCRIPTION

Gourami belong to the family labyrinth. Their natural range is the waters between the islands of the Indonesian archipelago, the Malacca peninsula and the Indochinese peninsula. Ancestors of domesticated gourami sometimes grow to a length of up to fifteen centimeters. But aquariums reach only ten or eleven centimeters, due to the limited space of the artificial reservoir.

In addition, the fins under the abdomen of wild representatives of this species play the role of a tactile organ, because visibility in turbid water is limited. But the ventral fins of domestic fish evolved into peculiar threads, despite the fact that even aquarium gourays probe all objects of interest to them.

The main feature of all types of the labyrinth family is that they breathe atmospheric air. Most likely, this is due to the fact that in the natural habitat of muddy and warm water is little saturated with oxygen. Therefore, respiration in fish formed an unusual organ, which was called the labyrinth. For transportation of gourami and other fish belonging to this family over long distances, it is necessary to prepare a special tank, where fresh air will be available. If this is not done, the fish will die from lack of oxygen.

At home most often contains the following types of gourami:
• Pearl;
• Honey;
• Marble;
• Blue.

The body shape of these fish resembles a leaf. They are flat and oval-elongated. The most common gourami - pale silver color with vertical dark stripes. All fins are gourams of transparent color with small silvery specks.

Only anal fins - with an unusual edging of a reddish hue. Under the dorsal and caudal fins there are prominent dark specks. The eyes of these fish with a reddish tinge. The females are slightly paler than the males, the back is rounded, and the males are pointed and elongated.

During spawning, the color of males with gourams becomes more saturated and bright. The stripes on the body darken, and the eyes are filled with red. Spots on anal fins appear stronger.

Marble gourami photo

Reproduction and spawning of marble gourami

Marble gourami reach 15–20 cm in length (Axelrod et al. 1993), and at 7 cm they can multiply (12–14 weeks) (McKinnon et al. 1987). In the labyrinth there are three main types of eggs: floating on the surface (fertility 800-20000 eggs), bottom (100-300) and hatched in the mouth (40-800).

Individuals using a foam nest for incubation build it on the surface of the water or under water. Foam consists of bubbles, including an admixture of mucus secreted by the male. A nest that is built on the surface is usually located among surface plants. As a substrate for the nest, in addition to plants can be any solid substrate, stones and wood. Depending on the type

labyrinth fish, they use suitable for spawning substrate, or prepare a place for the nest themselves. Species that do not care for the offspring do not build a nest, but simply spawn in the water column.

Also do not erect a foam nest of individuals incubating eggs in the mouth. In these fish, the male catches the eggs with the anal fin, which the female then collects and puts them in the incubation in the mouth of the male. Other labyrinth species allow the eggs to fall to the bottom and only then collect them in the mouth.

Superficial eggs have fatty inclusions, so they are lighter than water and after spawning float to the surface. Developing larvae also contain in the yolk sac fatty inclusions that provide buoyancy. As a rule, surface eggs are very small, and the larvae that develop from them have a small amount of yolk.

They receive little care from parents and require an abundance of feed already in the early stages of the life cycle. Labyrinth fish with surface spawn usually build a foam nest, or are free-flowing.

Bottom eggs do not have fatty inclusions, they are heavier than water and immediately after spawning they sink to the bottom. As a rule, this caviar is large, has a lot of yolk in its composition. The larvae obtained from it do not need food at the initial stage of development and after the transition to free swimming immediately feed on relatively large food particles.

Labyrinths with large eggs often incubate them in the mouth, or they build a foam nest (Scheurmann 1989). Oogenesis in marble gourami is represented by several stages:

Marble gourami photo

1. Stage of nucleolar (nucleolar) chromatin; 2. perinuclear stage; 3. Stage of nuclear (nuclear) chromatin; 4. Vitellogenesis; 5. Crushing blastula; 6. The stage of mature eggs (Degani 1992). During the reproduction cycle, the first 4 stages are noted in the ovaries in different ratios. A female with a low percentage of eggs at the stage of vitellogenesis is not ready to breed

Through the construction of a nest and courtship, the male stimulates the female to proceed to the vitellogenesis stage, followed by blastula splitting. The steroid glucuronide in the water near the nest is a direct stimulator of maturation of the female (Degani 1992).

MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION

MARBLE GURAMI VIDEO

GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.

Gourami Pearl: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami Pearl Trichogaster leeri

Scientific classification:

Domain:

Kingdom:

Type of:

Class:

Squad:

Family:

Rod:

View:

International scientific name:

Eukaryotes

Animals

Chord.

Ray fish

Perciformes.

Macropod.

Gourami-stanchions.

Pearl gourami.

Trichogasterleerii

(Bleeker, 1852).

Synonyms of the species name:

Trichopodustrichopterus Cantor, 1850;

Trichopus leerii (Bleeker, 1852);

Osphromenus trichopterus var. leerii Gunther, 1861;

Trichopodus leeri Regan, 1909;

Water parameters for keeping pearl goura in an aquarium:

Temperature: 23 - 27 ° C;

Acidity: pH: 6.0 - 7.0;

Rigidity: up to 16 °;

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%;

Pearl Compatibility

They have a calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. It is easy to get on with all non-aggressive fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. It is not recommended to settle them with the tail tails and similar fish.

Description:

The body of the pearl gourami is tall, elongated, flattened laterally. The color of the body is silver-violet with numerous pearl spots (resembling pearls), scattered not only throughout the body, but also along the fins. An uneven dark stripe runs along the entire body. The length of the pearl gourami reaches 11 centimeters.


Sexual dimorphism: male and female pearl gourami

In the photo male and female gourami pearl

The male is much larger than the female, has a brighter color, elongated dorsal and anal fins. However, there is another, very characteristic feature - the coloring of the neck of the Pearl Gourami: red in the male and orange in the female. These differences appear already at a young age, but are more pronounced in more adult individuals. And during the spawning period in the male, its color differences prevail: the neck and abdomen light up in a red tint, the pearl placer shimmers and sparkles. Therefore, the identification of fish does not express difficulties at any age.


Habitat pearl gourami

In nature, pearly gourami lives in the waters of India and Indochina, in the south of Malaysia and Thailand. In reservoirs carrying well-warmed clean water with rich dense vegetation. In aquariums contained since 1933.

The content of pearl gourami

This type of fish is recommended to keep in aquariums, the capacity of which is not less than 40 liters for 2 - 3 individuals, with rich vegetation, the presence of snags and grottoes as shelter and places for overnight stay and rest, and a free swimming area. The soil is preferably dark colored. The water temperature for the maintenance of the Pearl Gourami ranges from 23 to 27 ° C. Water parameters - hardness up to 16 °, pH 6.0-7.0. Easy aeration will be very useful, despite the fact that, like all labyrinth fishes, Pearl Gourami can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth. The latter can be the cause of the disease as a result of swallowing cold air, therefore, when Gourami is in, another necessary condition is a cap. And because of their commitment to clean water, filtration and weekly replacement of up to 30% of water are not just necessary, but beneficial for the healthy development of the fish.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.


Cultivation and reproduction of pearl gourami

Breeding pearl gouram does not require large skills and investments. To begin with, it is possible to breed these fish both in the general aquarium, and in a separate small spawning aquarium into 20 liters with a height of water column from 10 to 15 centimeters.

If spawning is carried out in a general aquarium, then the main condition will be the presence of floating plants on the surface (Ricci, rogolynik, duckweed, etc.) and the absence of a strong current so as not to destroy the foam nest created by the male.

If spawning is carried out in a spawning aquarium, then you need the water to have the necessary parameters: water temperature 24 - 26 ° C, hardness 4 - 10, acidity 5.8 - 6.8, plants floated on the surface, and at the bottom there was a refuge for the female. Next, in the spawning aquarium we have selected, we first subdivide the male. Richly feed a couple, preferably a live feed, for a couple 1 to 2 weeks. Just before spawning, we replant the female in the spawning aquarium. And watch the very exciting games of the couple. Gourami change their color to a brighter one, they float with straightened fins. The male, as a caring father, constantly maintains the foam nest in the whole condition.

And he builds his nest of air bubbles released from the mouth along with saliva. The male needs about 3 days to build a foam nest. Do not worry if during this period the male is not active in food and only huddles around his building. And when the nest is completely built, the spawn of the Pearl Gourami begins. The male in every possible way tries to drive the female under his nest, and having driven them, begins to fertilize the game, which easily floats to the surface of the aquarium water. The spawning period usually lasts 3–4 hours, with several visits. To speed up the spawning process, you can add 1/3 of the volume of the spawning aquarium of distilled water with a temperature rise of up to 30 ° C. Ignoring rhinestones in the nest caviar, caring father collects and transfers to the nest. Usually the female sweeps out about 200 eggs, maybe more. At the end of spawning, the fish rush in different directions: the female goes to the shelter, and the male rushes to the nest, where he will take care of the eggs until the hatching of the fry. But the female must be immediately deposited so that she is attacked by the male, or does not damage the nest with eating eggs from an inexperienced dad. Incubation period of caviar of pearl goura is from 24 to 48 hours. The development of caviar depends on the temperature of the water in the aquarium.

Time passes, the larvae hatch out of the calf and hang motionless in the foam of the nest, and after falling out, they immediately return to the place by the caring father. After 2 - 3 days the larvae pass into the fry stage and begin to swim. The male is here on the alert, he collects fry by mouth and carries them to the nest. As soon as all the fry hatch and start swimming in the spawning aquarium, we catch the male so that he does not eat his offspring. The male is not fed during the entire period of caring for the offspring. When larvae appear, it is necessary to lower the water level to 6-10 cm and maintain it until the fry have formed a labyrinth apparatus, which takes at least a month. If there are a lot of larvae, then it is necessary to provide weak aeration in the spawning aquarium.

Fry are abundantly fed with infusoria, small “dust”, yogurt, and special food. But you need to make sure that the food is fully eaten by the fry, and remove the excess in time. Fry of pearl goura do not grow evenly, larger and more developed begin to compete with small ones, and can eat them. Here you decide, either to constantly sort the fry into groups, or to rely on the natural instinct and you will have the most developed and strong individuals.

We mention about the characteristics of breeding pearl gourami:

the first - pairing for spawning should occur in a natural way, based on the observation of the grown fish living in the pack;

the second - young fish at the age of 8 months to 1 year spawn well, if you miss this period, you can not wait for the offspring at all;

the third - Gourami like clean water, therefore the water in the spawning aquarium should be clear;

fourth - during spawning, it is better to provide the fish with complete peace and to cover the front side of the spawning aquarium (with a towel, cardboard, paper, etc.).

What are sick gourami?

All species of fish have a characteristic list of the most common diseases encountered, not exceptions and Pearl Gourami. Remember that the disease of one fish in an aquarium can cause the death of all aquarium animals, so it is better to prevent disease rather than cure. Fish are most often prone to diseases due to poor conditions, injuries during transportation, sudden changes in temperature and water parameters, quality of feed introduced, especially live, which can be infected by various parasites. Do not forget about the quarantine for new fish, because it is very sad to blame yourself for the death of so beloved fish after settling to them, apparently healthy, and in fact a sick fish.

The most common diseases of pearl goura, as well as other types of gourami include: lymphocytosis, pseudomonosis, aeromonosis.

Lymphocytosis (Lymphocystis) - A viral disease that contributes to the skin of the fish and alters mucous membrane cells. Blisters that appear on the skin can be seen even with the naked eye. The affected cell grows, breeds new viruses, and then breaks and all viruses fall into the water. Most often, the disease manifests itself on the outer edges of the fins, and only then affects the cells throughout the body.

Pseudomonosis - peptic ulcer, characteristic of many species of aquarium fish, the causative agent of which are aquatic microorganisms from the group of pseudomonads. These organisms can get into the aquarium with the soil, plants, infected fish. With the disease on the body of the fish dark spots are formed with their further transformation into bloody ulcers. And already through these ulcers in the body of the fish the doors for other viral infections are open. It is best to treat the fish in a separate quarantine tank without plants. For treatment use a solution of potassium permanganate at the rate of 0.5 grams per 10 liters of water. In such a composition, the infected fish is kept for 15 minutes. if you do not have a quarantine aquarium, then the infected fish can be treated in the general aquarium with bicillin-5, contributing 500,000 U of the preparation per 100 liters of water, repeated every other day at least six times.

Aeromonosis - an infectious disease, usually caused by the bacterium Aeromonos punctata, develops in very polluted and cold aquariums.

Sick fish become inactive, fall on the ground and do not eat. They have a swelling of the abdomen and a "flapping" of the scales. There are blood leaks all over the body and fin. This disease is very contagious and difficult to cure. In this connection, it is often recommended to completely disinfect the aquarium and destroy the fish.

Beautiful photo collection of pearl gourami

Interesting video about gourami pearl

fanfishka.ru

Gourami Marble: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami marble
Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.

Ph: 6,5-7,5.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.

Compatibility Gourami marble: in fact, with all the fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky. Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

Goura marble is a mutation of blue goura - an artificial selection form of goura blue. Big Fish. Individuals of the species gourami marble in length can reach 13 cm. The body is oval, high, compressed laterally. Abdominal fins long, filiform. Anal fin wide. Marble body color: dark gray spots of irregular shape are located on a light gray background. Anal, dorsal and caudal fins dark gray, with numerous yellow specks. Pectoral fins clear, colorless. The male differs from the female by a narrower body, a bright color with elongated, more pointed dorsal and anal fins.

It is better to keep in a large aquarium with a volume of 40-50 liters. A couple of fish can be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of 15 liters and a length of at least 40 cm.
Parameters of water, ideal for keeping the type of gourami marble: a temperature of about 24-28 degrees (withstands a significant decrease in water temperature in the aquarium, up to 16 "C.), a constant hardness of 10-20, an acidity level of 6.5-7.5. The bottom of the aquarium is placed dark ground of pebbles or gravel.You can arrange a few shelters at the bottom of large stones, shards from flower pots, koryag. . On the surface placed Ricci duckweed, Salvini, scribe. Aquarium placed in a bright, sunlit place. Top tank covered with a cover glass. It does not require aeration and filtration.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female gourami marble

You can determine the floor on the dorsal fin. The male gourami marbled dorsal fin is longer and pointed at the end, when the female is shorter and rounded.

It can be kept in a general aquarium with any peaceful fish: lyalius, spotted gouras, double-headed gouras, barbs, rassori, swordtails, catfish and others. Sexual maturity gourami marble reach in 6-8 months.

Photo selection of gourami marble

Popular video with gouram marble


Gourami Blue: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami Blue Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 26 ° С.

Ph: 6,5-7,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.

Compatibility Gourami Blue: in fact, with all the fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Gourami Blue is the most famous and popular fish of its kind. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky. Gourami blue likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

In the nature lives in Southeast Asia, reservoirs of island Sumatra. In Europe, first appeared in 1958.

The blue gourami has a high, oblong and flattened body from the sides. Upper fin high, pointed. Lower - starts from the pectoral fin and gradually expanding, ends at the base of the tail. Pectoral fins have the form of filiform antennae. They are organs of touch gourami and are constantly in motion. With the help of the pectoral fins of the fish get acquainted with the surrounding objects. It happens that sometimes they break off, but after a while they grow back. Like all labyrinth fish, blue gourami can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth. The main color of the body is aqua color. On the sides there are transverse stripes of blue color and two black spots on each side: one in the center of the body, the second on the caudal stem. Unpaired fins adorn the silver dots scattered on them. Sexual differences: the male is slimmer and larger than the female, is colored brighter and has a longer upper fin (the brighter coloring becomes during spawning). In nature, blue gourami in length reaches 12-14 cm, in an aquarium they grow up to 8-10 cm.

The blue gourami is very peace-loving and gets on well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes there are individuals that show aggression towards their relatives. Leads daytime life. Keeps in the middle and upper layers of water. It is very interesting to watch these fish: they are funny and do not miss the moment to frolic and are curious about everything new, whether it is an element of decor or another fish.

For the maintenance of blue gourami a brightly lit aquarium is needed (overhead lighting) in volume from 100 l with thickets of living plants and free swimming space. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them). Water parameters for blue gourami: hardness 8–10 °, pH 6.5–7.0, temperature 24–26 ° C (capable of tolerating lower water temperatures). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.

Blue gourami omnivorous fish: alive (like dried daphnids and gammarus), dry and vegetable, absorb them in large quantities. Prone to overeating. Adults can calmly go on a hunger strike for a week, without serious consequences and without expressing any aggression towards their neighbors in the aquarium.

Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Blue gourami reaches sexual maturity at the age of 1 year.Life expectancy in an aquarium with the right content can reach 7 years.

Photo gourami blue

Video compilation about blue gourami

Pearl gourami is not just a pearl, it is a whole jewelry store

Pearly gourami (Latin Trichopodus leerii, and earlier Trichogaster leerii) is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish. Males are especially beautiful during spawning, when the colors become richer, and the red belly and throat are glowing in the water like a poppy.

The pearl gouras are referred to labyrinth fish, and they differ from others in that they can breathe atmospheric oxygen. Although, like all fishes, they assimilate oxygen dissolved in water, due to the difficult conditions in which they live, the nature provided them with a labyrinth apparatus. With its help, pearl gourami can breathe air from the surface and survive in very harsh conditions. Another feature of the labyrinth is that they build a nest of foam where their fry grow.

Also, pearly gourami can make sounds, especially during spawning. But with what it is connected, it is unclear.

This is a great fish that can live in a common aquarium with many species. Pearl gourami can grow up to 12 cm, but usually less - 8-10 cm. They live for a long time, and even show some signs of the mind, recognizing their owner and breadwinner.

Despite the fact that the pearl gouras are rather large fish, they are very peaceful and calm. Well suited for general aquariums, but may be somewhat timid. For maintenance you need a tightly planted aquarium with open swimming places.

Habitat in nature

For the first time, pearl gourams were described by Bleeker in 1852. Homeland fish in Asia, Thailand, Malaysia and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Gradually spread to other regions, for example? to Singapore and Colombia.

Pearl gourami are included in the Red Book as being threatened. In some areas, especially in Thailand, the population has almost disappeared. This is due to pollution of the natural habitat and expansion of the scope of human activity. Specimens caught in nature are increasingly rare for sale, and the bulk is fish grown on farms.

In nature, pearly gourami live in lowlands, in swamps and rivers, with acidic water and abundant vegetation. They feed on insects and their larvae.

An interesting feature of pearl gouras, as their relatives, Lalius, is that they can hunt insects? flying over the water. They do it like this: gourami freezes at the surface, looking for prey. As soon as the insect is within reach, he spits a stream of water at him, knocking him into the water.

Description

At the gourami pearl body extended, laterally compressed body. Dorsal and anal fins elongated, especially in males. The ventral fins are threadlike and extremely sensitive, with their gourays feeling everything around them. Body color is reddish brown or brown, with pearl dots, for which the fish got its name.

Pearl gourams can grow up to 12 cm, but in an aquarium they are usually smaller, about 8-10 cm. And life expectancy is from 6 to 8 years with good care.

Difficulty in content

Gourami pearl is very unpretentious and well suited for beginners. Undemanding, adapts well to different conditions, lives long enough, about 8 years. Eats any food, and in addition, it can eat and hydra, which fall into the aquarium with food.

Feeding

Pearly gourami are omnivores, in nature they feed on insects, larvae and zooplankton. In the aquarium, however, eats all kinds of food - live, frozen, artificial. The basis of nutrition can be made artificial feed - flakes, granules, and so on. And additional food for gourami will be live or frozen food - bloodworm, coretro, tubule, artemia. They eat everything, the only thing is that the gourams have a small mouth, and they cannot swallow large food.

An interesting feature is that they can eat hydr. The hydra is a small sitting intestinal cavity, which has tentacles with poison. In the aquarium, it can hunt fry and small fish. Naturally, such guests are undesirable and pearl gourami will help to cope with them.

Feeding:

Maintenance and care

Spacious aquariums with subdued soft light are well suited for keeping pearl gourami. Fish prefer middle and upper layers of water. Juvenile pearl can be grown in 50 liters, but adults already need a more spacious aquarium, preferably from 100 liters of volume.

It is important that the air temperature in the room and the water in the aquarium coincide as much as possible, as the gourami breathe atmospheric oxygen, then with a big difference they can damage their labyrinth apparatus. Also important is the constant temperature, the inhabitants of warm countries do not tolerate cold water.

Filtration is desirable, but it is important that there is no strong flow, pearl gourami like calm water. The type of soil does not matter, but they look great against the background of dark soils.
In the aquarium, it is desirable to plant more plants, and to put floating plants on the surface. Pearl gourami do not like bright light and a little timid in themselves.

It is important that the water temperature was in the region of 24-28C, they adapt to the rest. But it is better that the acidity is in the range of pH 6.5-8.5.

Compatibility

Pearly gourami is very peaceful, even during spawning, which compares favorably with its relatives, for example, marble gourami. But at the same time they are timid and can hide until they get settled. They are also not too brisk during feeding, and it is important to ensure that they get food.

It is better to keep pearl with other peaceful fish. The best neighbors are similar in size and behavior to the fish, but keep in mind that other types of gourami may be aggressive towards their relatives.
Good neighbors can be angelfish, despite some intraspecific pugnacity.

It is possible to keep with the males, but those unpredictable and pugnacious can quite easily follow the timid pearls, so it’s better to avoid the neighborhood.
Get along well with neons, rasborami and other small fish.

It is possible to keep with shrimps, but only with sufficiently large ones, cherries and neocardines will be considered as feed. A lot of pearl shrimps will not be eaten by gourami, but if you value them, it is better not to combine them.

Gender differences

It is quite simple to distinguish a male from a female in pearl gouras. The male is larger, more graceful, brighter colored, it has a pointed dorsal fin. In the female it is round, it is fuller. In addition, it is easy to determine the sex during spawning, then the male's throat and abdomen become bright red.

Male and female

Breeding

Reproduction at pearl gourami is quite simple. During spawning, the males will appear before you in their best shape, with bright red throat and belly. Also during spawning, the males arrange battles with their opponents. Outwardly, it resembles a fight in kissing gouras, when two small fish cling to each other's mouth for a short moment, and then slowly swim again in front of each other.

Before spawning, the pair is abundantly fed with live food, usually the female ready for spawning is noticeably getting fat. A couple is deposited in a spacious, well-planted aquarium, with a wide water mirror and elevated temperature. The spawning volume is from 50 liters, preferably two times more, since the water level in it must be seriously lowered, so that it is about 10-13 cm. The water parameters are about pH 7 and the temperature is 28C. On the surface of the water you need to put floating plants, for example, Ritchie, so that pearl gourami could use it as a material for building a nest.

The male proceeds to the construction of the nest. As soon as it is ready, marriage games begin. It is very important at this moment not to interfere with them and not to frighten, pearl gourami behave much softer than other types of gourami. The male cares for the female, inviting her to the nest. As soon as she swam up, the male embraces her with his body, squeezing her eggs and immediately seeding her. The game is lighter than water and floats, but the male catches it and places it in the nest. In one spawning, the female can sweep aside up to 2000 eggs. After spawning, the female can be left, as the male pearl gouras does not pursue her, but it is better to set down, still she did her job.

The male will guard and fix the nest until the fry swim. The larva will hatch in two days, and in three more the fry will swim. From this point on, the male can be transplanted, as it can damage the fry trying to return it to the nest. The fry is fed with an infusoria and a micro-worm until it can eat the nautilia of Artemia. All this time, the water should be around 29C. In the aquarium with fry pearl gourami, it is necessary to arrange a weak aeration of water, until a labyrinth apparatus is formed in it, and it does not begin to rise to the surface after air. From this point on, the water level in the aquarium can be increased, and aeration can be reduced or turned off. The fry grows quickly, but vary in size and must be sorted to avoid cannibalism.

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