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How to care for gourami?

Gourami - small freshwater fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Natural habitat - Southeast Asia and adjacent islands. Species pearl gourami found in the Malay Archipelago, on Sumatra and Borneo. Sometimes it is caught on the island of Java, in Bangkok, but here they appeared because of the carelessness of aquarium lovers. Lunar gourami lives in the waters of Cambodia and Thailand, serpentine gourami - in the territory of southern Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia.

The spotted gourami is found in the freshwater rivers of India and the Malay Archipelago, and the blue gouras inhabit Sumatra. Some species of these fish were mistakenly recorded in freshwater bodies of other continents - North and South America. Small fishes like standing waters, with a slow current, therefore they search for small rivers, small streams for living. Gourami brown mastered estuaries with brackish water. Nowadays, the maintenance of these species is possible in the home aquarium.

General characteristics

The maximum body size of gourami in their natural environment is 60 cm in length, but in conditions of captivity the length of the body reaches no more than 15 cm. The character of the fish is unpretentious, friendly, with special features in each species. For example, kissing gourami may take a position that resembles kisses, and be in it for some time.

Keeping and caring for a fish will not create a hassle even for a beginner aquarist. It is pleasant to watch these pets - each has its own color, manner of behavior. They are mobile and easily breed in domestic spawning. To create good living conditions in an artificial reservoir, you need to make the maximum amount of effort. Then they will reward the owner with a beautiful appearance and a long lifespan of 5 to 10 years or more.

How to keep fish

These fish prefer a spacious place for swimming, so for several pets an aquarium from 100 liters will suit. They love to hide in the scenery and dense thickets of moss and algae. All types of these fish are gregarious, so in order to avoid stressful situations, they need a company of fellows. Timid, a little shy, swim in the upper and middle layers of water.

Watch the video story about gourami.

They do not create problems for the neighbors in the reservoir, but may suffer from the attacks of some. For example, Sumatran and tiger barbs, swordtails and guppy fish may incorrectly perceive their shy behavior and bright appearance. As a result, their fins will be intimidated and gnawed, although there have been cases of physical destruction. There is also rivalry among gourami: if there are few females per male, rivalry will begin between males.

As fishes living in warm waters, their maintenance and care are possible in an aquarium with a water temperature of 22-27 degrees Celsius. Cold water is hardly tolerated, they begin to ache. They prefer good lighting, which can be provided with LB lamps of 0.4-0.5 W per liter. The lamp should be installed at a distance of 10 cm from its surface. Filtration and aeration are necessary.


Like labyrinth fishes, they periodically breathe atmospheric oxygen, getting it from the surface. To do this, the tank lid must be left ajar to allow air to enter. The difference between water and air temperature must be zero, so that the fish will not damage the labyrinth organ. Once a week you need to update 25% of the water for a new and fresh. The permissible acidity of the aquatic environment averages 7.0 pH, the hardness should not exceed 8-10 dGH.

Feeding rules

Quality maintenance and care is impossible without proper feeding. All macropods in food are unpretentious, but the diet should be varied. In the aquarium, they can be fed live food, artificial food, frozen food. Sometimes it is allowed to feed curd, oatmeal. The main food is daphnia, bloodworm, tubule, mosquito larvae, earthworms, shrimp meat. They have a very small mouth, so food must be crushed. Feeding - 1-2 times a day, in small portions.

When the fish are going to spawn, they are transferred to a protein-rich food. However, overfeeding is not worth it, it is harmful to health. They suffer hunger more easily than overeating, can live without food for 2 to 10 days, which in some cases makes it easier to care for them. Occasionally, you can put on a diet, but do not overdo it. Like all pets, love treats in the form of special feed, which can be found in the pet store.

Look at the biotope aquarium with gourami.

Compatible with other fish

Although labyrinths differ in exemplary behavior in the general aquarium, they can perceive small fish as food. Shrimps and other crustaceans are also incompatible with them. Sometimes they come into conflicts with each other, if the aquarium is not spacious, there are few shelters in it. Do not settle gourami with predatory and large representatives of the underwater world, because they carry a threat to life.

The best neighbors are: angelfish, rasbor, catfish corridor, minor, zebrafish, combat, mollies, petilia, iris, plexostomy, labo, tetra.

It is not allowed to keep with active and aggressive fish: some species of barbs, with males, large African and South American cichlids, goldfish, astronotus, koi carp. Macropods have such a feature: pelvic fins are long, thread-like. With their help, they feel the space, touching both plants and fish. At first, the neighbors may not like it, but later they will get used to it.

Gourami Marble: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami marble
Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus

Order, family: labyrinth

Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.

Ph: 6,5-7,5.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.

Compatibility Gourami marble: in fact, with all the fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

Personal experience and useful tips: Gourami popular fish. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky. Gourami likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.

Description:

Goura marble is a mutation of blue goura - an artificial selection form of goura blue. Big Fish. Individuals of the species gourami marble in length can reach 13 cm. The body is oval, high, compressed laterally. Abdominal fins long, filiform. Anal fin wide. Marble body color: dark gray spots of irregular shape are located on a light gray background. Anal, dorsal and caudal fins dark gray, with numerous yellow specks. Pectoral fins clear, colorless. The male differs from the female by a narrower body, a bright color with elongated, more pointed dorsal and anal fins.

It is better to keep in a large aquarium with a volume of 40-50 liters. A couple of fish can be kept in an aquarium with a capacity of 15 liters and a length of at least 40 cm.
Parameters of water, ideal for keeping the type of gourami marble: a temperature of about 24-28 degrees (withstands a significant decrease in water temperature in the aquarium, up to 16 "C.), a constant hardness of 10-20, an acidity level of 6.5-7.5. The bottom of the aquarium is placed dark ground of pebbles or gravel.You can arrange a few shelters at the bottom of large stones, shards from flower pots, koryag. . On the surface placed Ricci duckweed, Salvini, scribe. Aquarium placed in a bright, sunlit place. Top tank covered with a cover glass. It does not require aeration and filtration.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female gourami marble

You can determine the floor on the dorsal fin. The male gourami marbled dorsal fin is longer and pointed at the end, when the female is shorter and rounded.

It can be kept in a general aquarium with any peaceful fish: lyalius, spotted gouras, double-headed gouras, barbs, rassori, swordtails, catfish and others. Sexual maturity gourami marble reach in 6-8 months.

Photo selection of gourami marble

Popular video with gouram marble


Gourami - care and maintenance

Lovers of aquarium fish and those who have not yet decided for themselves what types of aquatic inhabitants will delight their eyes, it is worth asking about the type of gourami.

External features gourami

These are quite large aquarium fish, whose length reaches from 5-12 cm. The body of these pearl species is often silver-violet in color and covered with spots. The color of the males is usually much brighter than the females. The body of these fish has an elongated flat shape. Particularly noteworthy are the pectoral fins of gourami, which have a whisker-like whiskers, the length of which is equal to the length of the body. The purpose of these organs is touch. In case of damage, they are capable of regeneration. Thanks to a special labyrinth (nadzhabernuyu) body, gourami can live without water for about 6-8 hours.

Fish gourami - maintenance and care

The aquarium can be small in size (from 40 liters) if you plan to place 3-4 individuals there. It is necessary to be guided by quantity, since gourami is a rather big fish and it is desirable to avoid crowding. At the bottom of the aquarium is better to put a dark ground. The obligatory presence of not only benthic, but also floating plants. In order for the gourami to feel good, the conditions of detention must provide for sufficient lighting and daylight, at least in the first half of the day. These types of fish are not capricious in eating. They use both dry and live food. Adults can easily go without food throughout the week. These fish have a very small mouth. They can be given semolina, which must be scalded with boiling water or crushed canned peas.

Gourami are very hardy, and they do not need special care and maintenance. They do not need special parameters and water quality. Stiffness and acidity can be absolutely acceptable norms. The only indicator that is important for comfortable maintenance of gourami is water temperature. It should not be below 20 ° C. Still, these are tropical species and they need a certain warmth. Another advantage of these fish is the lack of need for aeration. This will give the opportunity to place the aquarium in any room, without fear that the noise of the pump will interfere with your or your child's sleep. If the aquarium has a large number of snails, which rapidly multiply and can be harmful to the plants, then the gouraras will easily cope with such annoying "neighbors." They can eat small snails and other insects that accidentally got into the aquarium with food.

By the type of behavior of gourami, peaceful and calm fish, the maintenance of which with other fish does not present any difficulties. Their neighbors can be both small and rather large species. For example: neons, skliarii, rasbora, antsistrusy, minors, apistogrammy, corridors. It is worth avoiding the coexistence of goura with such aggressive species as: pseudotrophus, parrots, cichlids, goldfish and labidochromis. Gourami very curious fish that everyone learns with the help of their whisker threads. Therefore, new settlers may react nervously to this. These fish can move gregariously, this is especially evident when lifting to the surface for a breath of air and the same synchronous lowering to the bottom.

A peculiarity of breeding is the fact that it is the males who build nests at the bottom of the aquarium. In this case, the distance between them may be very small. On this basis, some skirmishes may arise between males that do not lead to injuries and often end peacefully. If you want to breed this type in quantitative composition, then you should think about the presence of a hotel home for newborn fry.

Gourami marble. Fish gourami marble. Reproduction and content

An aquarium in a house is not only a rather exquisite decoration (unless it is, of course, artistically equipped and carefully looked after). Fish as pets are a spectacle that you never get tired of watching. And doctors advise to buy an aquarium and for medicinal purposes:

  • those who are prone to depression or have heart disease;
  • hyperactive children;
  • an autistic child or a cerebral palsy;
  • allergies with a reaction to animal hair.

Fish - a worthy alternative to the same turtle, which is not very active and gives much less emotional impact when living in a house.

Most often, novice aquarists populate glass houses guppies or swordtails; the bravest of the newcomers dare to buy a scalar. But all this is a small fish. If you want something bigger, but with a beautiful color, but so that the care was not too complicated, pay attention to the fish called gouram marble.

Origin

These fish are from Indochina. They are freshwater, and live either in stagnant waters - fresh lakes, dams and stakes - or in slow-flowing rivers. Europeans brought gourami in 1896, so that he has a rather large "experience" of living in aquariums. The unusual species of fish prompted the breeders to work on a variety of appearance, and now these inhabitants of aquariums flaunt flowers that nature has not endowed them. However, it is the aquarium fish gourami marble that is painted naturally: it is found quite often at home, although there may be differences in color - shades depend on the specific conditions of life.

Unusual appearance

All species of these fish have an elongated, oblong body, flat on the sides. Lower fin begins near the thoracic, and ends already near the caudal. And the pectoral fins are modified into something resembling long, whole body length, threads, and this is not an ornament, like, for example, some goldfish veils, but an additional tactile organ.

In nature, gourami rarely grow more than 10-11 cm, but in an aquarium there are specimens up to 15 cm. Coloring can be, as already mentioned, of several shades, but it is necessary to have spots or stripes. No wonder this particular gourami is a marble one. The photo well demonstrates the stains peculiar to this stone.

Pledge successful purchase

If you have not yet encountered such aquarium inhabitants, be careful when purchasing them. Many refuse to buy, focusing on the fading color of fish. This is not an absolutely correct criterion: at the points of sale, gourami marble somewhat loses its brilliance, since it is under stress. It is necessary to get accustomed to the fins: they should not look scruffy or torn, should be well cracked, and the mustache must be long. If they are less than the length of the body of the fish or broken off - gourami or suffering from poisoning with poor-quality food (and constantly), or experiencing avitaminosis. Of course, it is possible to leave such fish, but it will take time and effort; and if at the same time they are carriers of some kind of infection, they will also infect the other inhabitants of the domestic reservoir.

Quarantine retention

In principle, not only to buy correctly, it is also important to plant them correctly. Marbles themselves very successfully resist almost all bacteriosis, but may be their carrier. And without temporary isolation, it will repartition the rest, less stable inhabitants. So it is better to hold the new fish for seven days in a separate tank, arranging antiseptic “baths” every day. They add antibiotics (biomitsin or oxytetracycline), a little pharmaceutical greens, methylene blue or rivanol. A new marble should be kept in the solution for 10 to 20 minutes, and in the intervals it should rest in warm, fresh and clean water.

The right glass house

Since gourami marble - fish is quite large, the aquarium will need not too close. At two or three individuals need at least 40 liters of water. The ground at the bottom of the house should be dark; plants are required not only bottom, but also floating.For good development and increased resistance to disease, the gouram marble fish needs sunlight - at least in the morning.

These aquatic inhabitants are labyrinths, that is, they need ordinary air. In order to take a sip, they rise to the surface of the water. So experienced aquarists are advised to equip the home of the trichogaster (this is the scientific name of the gourami) with a special cover that will protect them from the cold air. The glass is not suitable: it blocks the full access of oxygen, and the fish may suffocate. If there is no cover, just put the aquarium away from the vents.

Not capricious gourami marble and food. He consumes both dry food and live food; good eats the usual semolina porridge (only it must be scalded) and for some reason loves canned green peas (of course, crushed).

Additional bonuses

In nature, the gourami marble chooses stagnant water for life, therefore it is very decisive in home breeding. There are no special claims to water quality (oxidability, hardness, pH, presence of nitrates) in trichogasters. Of course, you should not pour them water from the tap, but you will not have to “bother” too much. It is only necessary to ensure that the water in the aquarium does not reduce the temperature below 20 degrees - still tropical fish and need some heat.

Another nice feature of these fish is the absence of the need for constant aeration. So you don’t have to buy a pump, and the aquarium can be located even in the bedroom, even in the nursery - the engine noise will not interfere at night.

The content of gourami makes their natural struggle with obsessive "neighbors" very easy. So, small snails, which multiply very quickly and can go around all the plants in the aquarium, are eagerly eaten by Trichogasters. If they are hungry, they can destroy the hydras who accidentally get into the aquarium along with the food.

Neighborhood pleasant and unpleasant

One of the most important issues when buying trichogaster is the question of what kind of fish get along with gourami. In principle, they are very peaceful and calm, you can combine them with small species, and with rather large ones. Understandably, predators are excluded. But still there are more favorable combinations, there is less. The gourams get along very well with neons, the same scalars, rassets, antsistrus, minors, apistograms and corridors. But rather badly, trichogasters get on with aggressive species - pseudotrophyus, parrots, cichlids, goldfish and labidochromis. The case will probably not come to the slaughter, but everyone will feel uncomfortable.

Specific behavior

Trichogasters are curious fish. Best of all, they study the surroundings with their whisker threads, so each new item in the aquarium is touched by them. The same applies to the new "settlers", who at first can react rather nervously to this.

A funny feature of the gourami of the marble, for which it is very interesting to follow - the simultaneous ascent of all the fish of this species to the top of the aquarium for a breath of air, and then the same friendly descent. Something that resembles the performance of the team in synchronized swimming. Even the reproduction of gourami marble is quite peaceful. Several males organize their "nests" at a fairly close distance, and this does not end with injuries. Some border disputes they happen, but they do not lead to injuries (and even more death).

If you want more of them

We'll have to get a separate "pool". In terms of volume, in principle, you can take the same in which you usually contain them, and the ground can not be put, but plants are necessary. From their fragments and foams males build a nest. To "spur" the breeding of gourami marble, water must be heated by five degrees. Children are usually nursed by their dad, but if the female does not set down, she will also take whatever part they can. After the deposition of eggs, fry appear after a couple of days, and adults can (and should) be left for a week, maximum ten days. Then the parental feelings disappear, gourami can eat their offspring, so it is better to transplant them into the usual dwelling. At the same time, part of the water from the aquarium is removed (the total level must be lowered by at least 10 cm) until the labyrinth gills of the smaller ones are fully formed so that they can trap air from the surface. At this time, they are fed infusoria and living dust; the yolk of boiled eggs will be useful.

What are these fish sick

Despite the fact that it is resistant to illnesses with goura marble, diseases sometimes overtake him. This happens especially often if the nutrition of the fish deteriorates, they are incorrectly kept, or already sick individuals have been planted. The most common is lymphocytosis. It is accompanied by the appearance of open wounds, nodules or flat swellings, sometimes the sick fish appear to be sprinkled with starchy flour. The second place among the painful lesions is pseudomonosis, causing the appearance of dark spots, from which ulcers are then formed. Frequently aeromonosis. They suffer fish living in too small and densely populated tanks, as a result of which they are weakened. Such inhabitants stop eating, their scales bully, the belly swells up and starts to bleed, they lie at the bottom.

All diseased fish should be planted in a separate aquarium; most of them will die, but the uninfected individuals will remain healthy, and the patients have a good chance of recovery.

However, if you follow the "pool" and the quality of feed, you are unlikely to encounter such problems. And the rest of the gourams will only please you - and beauty, and peculiar habits.

Content gourami

Gourami - one of the most famous aquarium fish, they are unpretentious in maintenance and care, have a good character and are almost omnivorous. For the combination of all these factors, gourami fishes were liked by many aquarists.

There are pearl, marble, blue, honey and spotted gourami. In fact, the species even more, they differ in color and size. However, all representatives of gourami fish get along well under the same conditions and stand out only in color.

Gourami in the aquarium

Fish gourami came to us from the reservoirs of Southeast Asia, where she lived in both stagnant and mobile waters. The main requirement of gourami is the availability of space for cheerful movements around the aquarium and a sufficient number of plants, among which you can make a secluded nest for yourself.

As for the neighbors, you can choose haracin fish, such as neon, as well as scalar, catfish. Exclude predatory and viviparous fish, they do not fit in partners gourami. Too small fish, including fry, can be perceived by goura as food.

An aquarium for gourami is advised to choose from 70 liters, so that several fish live comfortably in it. Soil for the aquarium is better to choose a dark color, suitable river pebbles and pebbles.

Plants for gourami are necessary: ​​it can be both algae and floating plants. However, do not get carried away by the swamping of the aquarium, it is better to leave space for swimming.

Add to the aquarium and snags. In addition to the aesthetic function, they produce special humic substances that bring water closer to the state of the natural environment and have a beneficial effect on the health of the fish.

How to keep gourami?

The optimum water temperature for gourami is + 24-270С. It is better to change the water in the aquarium about ⅓ part every week. The temperature for gourami is of great importance, however, when changing water, they are able to withstand a short-term rise and fall in temperature.

The conditions of the gourami allow the aquarium without filtering and aeration of water, but it is better if these systems work. Lighting for fish is quite an important factor. Well, if in the morning it will be natural sunlight, but you can replace it with bright artificial lighting. Fish do not need around the clock light, arrange a night for them, turning off the lamp.

Gourami fish has many species, for example, marble and pearl gourami, the content of which does not differ from the general conditions. But in order to contain commercial gourami in an aquarium, you should acquire the youngest individuals. With proper care, they can grow up to 35 cm in an aquarium.

Gourami in the aquarium can live 5-7 years, if you observe the conditions necessary for their life: temperature and light, water changes, the presence of plants, regular and varied feeding.

What to feed gourami?

Food for gourami you can use any type:

  • dry;
  • alive;
  • vegetable;
  • frozen.

Small fishes are unpretentious in food and will gladly enjoy what you offer them, even if it is cottage cheese, melted cheese or scrape meat. A small mouth is a feature of the structure with gourami, feeding is therefore possible only in small pieces. Otherwise, gourami will not be able to capture and digest feed particles.

You should also not overfeed the fish, better make the menu for gourami varied. In the morning you can feed your pets with dry food, and offer them live in the evening.

If you are going on vacation for a week or two, then the question of how to care for the gourars may not worry you. Adult fish can survive 1-2 weeks without food and not lose weight at all.

Gourami Lunar: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Gourami lunar Trichogaster microlepis

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Domain: Eukaryotes;

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Liverfishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Genus: Gourami-nitriform;

View: Lunar gourami;

International scientific name: Trichogaster microlepis, Guenther, 1861.

Also known as: Osphromenus microlepis Guenther, 1861.

Parameters of water for keeping gurami lunar in an aquarium:

Temperature: 23-26 ° С

Stiffness: up to 20,

Acidity: pH 6.8-7.5.

Aggressiveness: non-aggressive 10%.

Volume of aquarium for a couple: 50 liters.

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 20-30% water.

Habitat gourami lunar

Currently, vegetation is rich in vegetation in Cambodia and Thailand. They were brought to Europe in 1951, and in 1981 they began to appear with aquarists of Russia.

Description gourami lunar

The fish has a tall, slightly elongated body and compressed on the sides. The body is painted in a monochromatic bluish-silver color. In aquariums usually do not exceed 12 cm, and in the wild can reach 15 cm. Life expectancy from 5 to 7 years.

Sexual dimorphism of gurus of the lunar - male and female

The male gourami moon is larger than the female. His dorsal fin is longer and sharper. The male threadlike fins have an orange tint, but the female has a yellowish one.

And, of course, the male gives off a red-orange hue of the breast during the mating season.

Compatibility gurami lunar

Fish - peaceful and fearful. They can contain almost all the peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium. But it is advisable to pick them in the neighbors fish of similar size.

What to feed gurami lunar

In feeding gourami the moon is completely picky and ready to eat any food found. Like other fish, gourami will be very grateful to you for a varied diet consisting of both dry and live food (bloodworm, pipe builder, daphnia, etc.). Prone to overeating.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Conditions of detention gurami lunar

For a comfortable living aquarium should be at least 50 cm in length, sometimes planted with plants, have shelters and free space for swimming. In addition, the aquarium should be floating plants that the fish used for spawning. The presence of the aquarium cover is necessary, because Fish breathe atmospheric air and capture it from the surface of the water. Above the aquarium should not be cold air, and even more drafts.

Cultivation and breeding gourami lunar

Like all trichogaster, at the lunar gurus during the spawning process, the male builds a nest of foam. It consists of air bubbles and particles of plants, to give strength. However, it is quite large, about 24 cm in diameter and 14 cm in height.

Before spawning, a pair of producers are abundantly fed with live food. After a couple of lunar gourae are deposited in a spawning aquarium, with a capacity of 100 liters or more. The water level in it should be low, 15-20 cm, the water is soft, slightly acidic with a temperature of 28C. On the surface of the water you need to put floating plants - riccia, duckweed, and in the aquarium itself to establish dense bushes of long-stemmed plants, where the female can hide.

As soon as the nest is ready, the marriage games will begin. The male swims in front of the female, straightening the fins and inviting her to the nest. As soon as the female swims up, the male embraces her with his body, squeezing the calf and immediately inseminates it. Caviar floats to the surface, the male collects it and folds it into the nest, after which everything repeats. Spawning lasts several hours, during this time about 1000 eggs are deposited. After spawning, the female needs to be transplanted, since the male can kill her, although the male is less aggressive in the lunar gouras than in other types of trichogasters.

The male will guard the nest until the fry swim, which hops for 2 days, and after two days begins to swim. From this point on, the male should be transplanted, in order to avoid eating the young. At first, the fry is alive with dust, then it is transferred to the nautilia of Artemia. The fry are very sensitive to the purity of the water, so regular changes and cleaning of food residues are important.

Author Alexander Isakov

Interesting photo gourami lunar

Curious video about gourami moon

Gourami chocolate: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Gourami chocolate

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

Kingdom: Animals;

Type: Chord;

Class: Radiopaque fishes;

Detachment: Perciformes;

Family: Macropod;

Kind: Chocolate gourami;

International scientific name:

Sphaerichthys osphromenoides, Canestrini, 1860

Water parameters for the maintenance of chocolate gourami in the aquarium:

Temperature: 23 - 30 ° С;

PH Acidity: for those grown in the wild from 4.0 to 6.5; in aquariums - 7.

Stiffness: up to 10 °;

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%;

Filtering is weak. Weekly changes of 10-15% of water.

Habitat gourami chocolate

Chocolate gourami are found in Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo) and Malaysia. The species was first introduced to Europe by J. Reichelt in 1905. (copy did not survive). Re-introduced in 1934. and comes regularly since 1950.

Much of the chocolate gourams inhabit peat bogs, although they are also found in clear waters with similar chemical properties, in which they grow easily Cryptocaryns (Cryptocoryne), Blix (Blyxa), Barclaya, Eleocharis (Eleocharis), Utricularia (Utricularia) and Limnophila (Lymnophila). Habitat - wooded reservoirs with a high content of humic acids in the water, so that the water has a characteristic brown tint. The pH in such water is 3.0-4.0 units.

Description of chocolate gourami

The body of chocolate gourami has a red-brown or chocolate color, with a slight greenish tint. The whole body is crossed by several light yellow to white color transverse stripes of various widths and lengths. Anal fin with narrow yellow border. The size of the fish does not exceed 40-50 mm.

The genus Sphaerichthys (Canestrini, 1860) includes four types: Chocolate gourami S. osphromenoides (Canestrini, 1860), gourami Weilant S. vaillanti (Pellegrin, 1930), Bronze gourami S. acrostoma (Vierke, 1979), Cross chocolate gourami S. selatanensis (Vierke, 1979).

Chocolate gourah can easily be distinguished from the related species by the gails of Waylant and Bronze gourah, characterized by a more elongated body and head profile. A distinctive feature of the gourami Waylanta and the Bronze gourami is the brighter coloration of the females with a clear pattern, and besides, in these species, the males are bred in the mouth.

The chocolate gourami is very similar to the cross chocolate gourami, which differs only in the number of rays of the dorsal fin (9-10 for Chocolate and 7 for the Cross Chocolate), and anal fin (8 for Chocolate and 7 for the Cross Chocolate). And if the color of the Cross Chocolate Gouram is similar to that of the Chocolate Goura, the first view has an additional bright vertical strip starting from the front of the dorsal fin and ending behind the pelvic fins, which are either completely absent or disintegrating into small spots in front of the Chocolate Gumy dorsal fin.

Sexual dimorphism Chocolate gourami - male and female

The male has a straight lower jaw profile and has a sharper head than that of the female. In the female, the lower jaw is rounded due to tensile skin, due to the need to incubate the eggs. But so familiar to all the differences in the form of bright color and pointed elongated unpaired fins should not be relied on to determine the sex of these gourami.

Chocolate Goura compatibility

Good neighbors for chocolate gourami will be peaceful, pelagic carp, such as: Danionella, Microdevario, Trigonostigma, small species of Rasbora or some loach species (Pangio, Kottelatlimia). To avoid hybridization, it is not recommended to contain chocolate goura with a related species. The fish is not schooling, but it interacts well with the relatives, there is a hierarchy. The dominant individual develops the best color. It is recommended to contain at least 6 fish.

What to feed gourami chocolate

Due to the fact that chocolate goura is a micro-predator, their food ration consists exclusively of small aquatic crustaceans, worms, insect larvae. When kept in an aquarium, dry food may not be consumed, however, there are quite a few cases of habituation of this fish to this type of food, which is combined with microworms, Artemia nauplii, moth, etc.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arawan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Terms of maintenance gourami chocolate

Fish does not tolerate strong lighting, because of this feature, you must have floating plants that will scatter the light of lamps. Just take the trouble to create a sufficient number of shelters from the logs, grottoes, pots, coconut shells. And if you want to further emphasize the atmosphere of the natural habitat of the fish, then add to the aquarium dry beech, oak or almond leaves (on the forum Leaves of oak, almond, alder cones in an aquarium). The leaves will promote the reproduction of beneficial bacteria when they rot, which in turn will provide fry with food, as well as lead to the release of tannin, which gives the water a characteristic brownish tint. Leaves can remain in the aquarium until full decomposition or are replaced every few weeks.

The most spectacular chocolate gourams look in the diffused light created by the floating plants (duckweed, guns) and among the abundant amount of bottom plants, such as Microsorum (Microsorum), Moss Flame (Taxiphyllum), Cryptocoryne (Cryptocoryne) and Anubiaspreferring soft and sour water.

Cultivation and reproduction of chocolate gourami

Among labyrinth fish, only in Chocolate goura and Cross Chocolate gourami females take care of the offspring, whereas among other related species males are engaged in this. Breeding can be carried out both in a group of individuals, and in pairs. At the same time, it is only necessary to stimulate producers by adding live feeds and create conditions favorable for the fish. Courtships are usually initiated by a dominant male, while maintaining a group. A mature male is easily identified by the appearance of a mating dress, including the darkening of body color and the presence of a grayish pattern. In females ready for spawning, the coloring becomes brighter, chocolate brown with light vertical stripes, casting a golden hue. Spawning sometimes lasts for several hours, during which spawning on the substrate occurs first, then fertilization of the eggs, and at the end the female takes the clutch in her mouth. The surrounding area is guarded by both chocolate goura individuals. After spawning, the female hides in a secluded place and does not eat. At this point, it is prudent to put the female into a separate aquarium to reduce the number of stimuli, and allow her to incubate the clutch quietly. Eggs and fry remain in the mouth for 7–20 days, after which 10–40 free fry emerge. In the transition to self-sufficient nutrition, the young are already large enough to consume the micro-worms and nauplius Artemia.

Interesting behavior of gourami chocolate

Chocolate gourah has a very interesting feature, and it lies in the fact that one of the individuals lies on its side and allows others to touch their fins or bodies with their mouths. This does not damage the fish and is not related to mating. There is an opinion that in this way hierarchy is established in the group.

Author Alexander Isakov

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