Fishes

Clown fish in aquarium

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Such an unusual and bright clown

Many of us are unusually strongly attracted to the underwater world. And even if we face only a small particle in the form of an ordinary aquarium, it still looks beautiful and incomprehensible. A glass vessel in which graceful fish freely move, in which there are small grottoes, snags, and algae, very quickly begins to be perceived as a decoration of the whole house. And often among the inhabitants of the aquarium can be found fish-clown.

Surely, most aquarium clowns are familiar from the well-known cartoon "Finding Nemo". And it should be noted that it was this Disney piece that gave impetus to a new surge in popularity of this amazing fish.

general description

In general, the clownfish lives in the Pacific and Indian oceans, in their coastal coral reefs. Clowns have a very bright and attractive color for us: the whole body is decorated with orange, white, black stripes. The clown also has fins edged with a black border, a rather dense body and a short head. The back is surmounted by a fin, divided into 2 parts.

Clowns have one interesting feature. The fact is that constantly these fish make clicking sounds, they seem to grumble.

It is noteworthy that in its natural habitat, this fish “cooperates” very well with sea anemone - poisonous sea anemones. What is the "joint activity"? A bright clown attracts predators and lures them to sea anemone, and then becomes content with food debris.

Since sea anemones give clowns a sense of security, anemones are usually settled in an aquarium. With a small number of them, the fish that are stronger are beginning to crowd out the weak. However, the maintenance of this fish is possible without anemones: if there are grottoes and other shelters in the aquarium. Let's talk more about how to ensure the proper clown content at home.

Proper care

The clownfish in the aquarium needs special care. Note the main points:

  • First of all, aquarium fish accept exceptionally good water quality. The clown cannot tolerate elevated nitrite levels;
  • it is important to consult with a specialist before settling in an aquarium of such a fish. The fact is that certain species in the conditions of the aquarium begin to show aggression due to space limitations;
  • It is desirable to settle in the aquarium a pair, and already established. Then they will most likely multiply. The content of these inhabitants also implies their cohabitation with non-aggressive neighbors;
  • in an aquarium that does not exceed 100 liters, it is undesirable to place more than 2 fish.

In addition to the above, it is also important to pay attention to the basic parameters that must be observed in the aquarium:

  • optimum temperature is about 25-27 degrees above zero;
  • acidity should be in the range of 8-8,4;
  • and the density is 1,020-1,025.

In addition, aquarium clowns require sufficient lighting. Replacing the water in the aquarium is carried out at 20% twice a month.

The clown is completely unpretentious in food, which allows you to feed it with shrimp, squid, fish, as well as algae, dry flakes and granules. A flock is fed 2 or 3 times a day.

Breeding issues

All clowns at birth are males, just afterwards they can change their gender. This is very entertaining: each group of fish has its dominant pair. This pair - two large fish that are engaged in reproduction. And if the female suddenly dies, the male will simply change the floor and find another pair.

A female clown spawn lays among the anemones. In their absence in the aquarium (or in the ocean, if we talk about the natural environment) spawning occurs under a rock or in a grotto. It should be noted that parents very much cherish the place of laying eggs. After about 8-10 days hatching begins. Aquarium fry should be removed from the common aquarium for a while. This can be done calmly, as this procedure has no effect on the growth and development of the fish.

Here is such an unusual aquarium fish, considered by us. It should be noted that clowns are often chosen by aquarists precisely because they are interesting and entertaining. You might also like these fish.

Macracant or clown fish - beauty eating snails and plants

Aquarium fish fighting a clown or a macracant (lat. Chromobotia macracanthus) is one of the most beautiful loach fish that is kept in an aquarium. They love her for bright paint and for a pronounced individuality.
For the clown's fighting, you need a spacious aquarium, as it grows quite large up to 16-20 cm in length. She loves aquariums with lots of plants and various shelters. As a rule, loachs are nightly fishes that are almost invisible during the day, however, this does not apply to the clown's combat. She is very active during the day, although a little shy. They love the company of their own kind, but may be kept with other fish.

Habitat in nature

Botsiya clown or Chramobotia macracanthus macracant (previously Botia macrocanthus) was first described by Blekker in 1852. Its homeland is in Southeast Asia: in Indonesia, on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. In 2004, Maurice Kottelat (Maurice Kottelat) isolated this species from the genus Botias into a separate one.

In nature, inhabits the river almost all the time, only for the time of spawning migrates. Lives in places with stagnant water, and over, as a rule, gathering in large flocks. During the monsoons, they migrate to flooded plains. Depending on the habitat macracant lives in very clean and very dirty water. It feeds on insects, their larvae and plant food.
Although most sources say that the clown fight grows about 30 cm in size, there are about 40 cm in nature, and it can live for quite a long time, up to 20 years. In many regions, it is harvested as commercial fish and used for food.

Description

This is a very beautiful, big fish. The bodies of the clown’s combat are stretched out and compressed from the sides. The mouth is pointing down and has four pairs of whiskers. The clown's combat also has thorns, which are located under the eyes and serve to protect against predatory fish. Botsia exposes them at the moment of danger, which can be a problem during the catch, as they cling to the net. It is better to use a plastic container.
It is reported that in nature battles clowns grow to 40 cm, but in the aquarium they are smaller, about 20-25 cm. They are long-lived, under good conditions, they can live up to 20 years.

The graceful clown combat has a bright yellow-orange body color with three wide black stripes, for which in English it was called the Tiger Loach. One band goes through the eyes, the second directly in front of the dorsal fin, and the third captures part of the dorsal fin and goes further behind it. All together, they form a very beautiful and exciting look coloring. True, the clown fight is most brightly colored at a young age, and as it grows it turns pale, but does not lose its beauty.

Difficulty in content

With the right content is hardy enough fish. Not recommended for beginners, as large, active, and require stable water parameters. They also have very small scales, which makes them susceptible to diseases and medical treatment.

In the general aquarium:

Feeding

In nature, the macracant feeds on worms, larvae, beetles and plants. Omnivores, in the aquarium they eat all kinds of food - live, frozen, artificial. Especially like pills and freezing, as they eat from the bottom. In principle, there are no problems with feeding, the main thing is to feed in a variety of ways so that the fish would be healthy. They know how to make clicking sounds, especially when they are satisfied and you can easily understand which type of food they like.

Since the fighting clowns help get rid of the snails, actively eating them. If you want the snail population to become significantly smaller, then just start a clown fight.

Clicks while eating:

And their negative skills - they are happy to eat the plants, and gnaw holes even in ekhinodorusah. You can reduce cravings if you add a significant amount of vegetable feed to your diet. It can be both pills and vegetables - zucchini, cucumbers, salad. In general, for fighting, the amount of vegetable feed in the diet should be up to 40%.

Aquarium content and behavior

Macrakants spend most of their time at the bottom, but they can also go up into the middle layers, especially when they are used to the aquarium and are not scared. Since they grow large enough, and they need to be kept in a flock, the aquarium is also needed for large clowns, with a capacity of 250 liters or more. The minimum amount that needs to be kept in an aquarium is 3. But better is more, because in nature they live in very large flocks. Accordingly, for a flock of 5 fish, you need an aquarium capacity of about 400.

Feel best in soft water (5 - 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and water temperature 24-30 ° C. Also in the aquarium should be a lot of secluded corners and shelters, so that the fish could take refuge in fright or conflict. The soil is better soft - sand or small gravel.

Never start a macracant in a newly installed aquarium. In such an aquarium, the parameters of the water change too much, and clowns need stability. They love the flow, and a large amount of dissolved oxygen in the water. It is desirable for this to use a fairly powerful external filter, through which to create a flow is quite simple.

It is important to regularly replace the water and monitor the amount of ammonia and nitrates, since the fighting has very small scales, poisoning occurs very quickly. Good jump, you need to cover the aquarium.
The type of aquarium does not matter and completely depends on your taste. If you want to create a biotope, then it is better to lay sand or small gravel at the bottom, since clowns can have very sensitive mustaches that can be easily wounded. You can use large stones and large snags, where the fighting can hide. They are very fond of shelters in which you can barely squeeze, the best is for this ceramic and plastic pipes. Sometimes they can dig up caves for themselves under snags or stones, so that they don’t bring anything down. Floating plants can be placed on the surface of the water, which will create more diffused light.

Bats clowns can do strange things. Not many people know that they are sleeping on their side, or even upside down, and when they see it, they think that the fish have already died. However, it is quite normal for them. As well as the fact that at one moment the fight can disappear, so that in time to get out of some already completely unimaginable gap.

25 cm fighting clown:

Compatible with other fish

Large fish, but very active. They can be kept in the general aquarium, but preferably not with small fish, and not with a fish that has long fins. Macrocanthus can break them.
They love the company, it is important to keep several clown battles. The minimum number is 3, but better from 5 individuals. In such a pack, its own hierarchy is established, in which the dominant male drives away the weaker from food.

Eating a snail:

Gender differences

There are no special differences between males and females in clown combat. The only sexually mature females are somewhat more complete, with a rounded belly. There are many theories regarding the shape of the caudal fin in females and males, but this is all from the field of assumptions. It is believed that males have sharp tail ends, while females are more rounded.

Breeding

Botsiya clown very rarely divorced in the home aquarium. There are only a few reports of spawning in the home aquarium, and even then, most of the eggs were not fertilized. Individuals marketed are diluted with gonadotropic preparations on farms in Southeast Asia. It is very difficult to reproduce this in a home aquarium, apparently this is the reason for such rare spawning cases.

Even more than that, it is not possible for everyone to breed it in captivity, the most common practice is that fry are caught in nature and grown to adult size. So it is possible that those fish that swim in your tank, once lived in nature.

Diseases

One of the most banal and most dangerous diseases for fighting-clone is semolina. It looks like white dots reaching over the body and fins of fish. Gradually their number increases until the fish die from exhaustion. The fact is that fish with no scales or with very small scales suffer the most from it, and the fight refers to just that. When treating the main thing is not to delay! First of all, you need to raise the temperature of the water above 30 degrees Celsius (30-31), then make medical preparations into the water. Their choice is now quite large, and the active substances are often the same and differ only in proportions. But, even with timely treatment, the fish can not be saved by any means, as there are now many resistant strains of semolina.

Breeding botsy-clowns.

Botsiya clown content and description

This is a very beautiful, big fish. The bodies of the clown’s combat are stretched out and compressed from the sides. The mouth is pointing down and has four pairs of whiskers. The clown's combat also has thorns, which are located under the eyes and serve to protect against predatory fish. Botsia exposes them at the moment of danger, which can be a problem during the catch, as they cling to the net. It is better to use a plastic container.
It is reported that in nature battles clowns grow to 40 cm, but in the aquarium they are smaller, about 20-25 cm. They are long-lived, under good conditions, they can live up to 20 years.

The graceful clown combat has a bright yellow-orange body color with three wide black stripes, for which in English it was called the Tiger Loach. One band goes through the eyes, the second directly in front of the dorsal fin, and the third captures part of the dorsal fin and goes further behind it. All together, they form a very beautiful and exciting look coloring. True, the clown fight is most brightly colored at a young age, and as it grows it turns pale, but does not lose its beauty.

Aquarium content and behavior

Macrakants spend most of their time at the bottom, but they can also go up into the middle layers, especially when they are used to the aquarium and are not scared. Since they grow large enough, and they need to be kept in a flock, the aquarium is also needed for large clowns, with a capacity of 250 liters or more. The minimum amount that needs to be kept in an aquarium is 3. But better is more, because in nature they live in very large flocks. Accordingly, for a flock of 5 fish, you need an aquarium capacity of about 400.

Feel best in soft water (5 - 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and water temperature 24-30 ° C. Also in the aquarium should be a lot of secluded corners and shelters, so that the fish could take refuge in fright or conflict. The soil is better soft - sand or small gravel.

Never start a macracant in a newly installed aquarium. In such an aquarium, the parameters of the water change too much, and clowns need stability. They love the flow, and a large amount of dissolved oxygen in the water. It is desirable for this to use a fairly powerful external filter, through which to create a flow is quite simple.

It is important to regularly replace the water and monitor the amount of ammonia and nitrates, since the fighting has very small scales, poisoning occurs very quickly. Good jump, you need to cover the aquarium.
The type of aquarium does not matter and completely depends on your taste. If you want to create a biotope, then it is better to lay sand or small gravel at the bottom, since clowns can have very sensitive mustaches that can be easily wounded. You can use large stones and large snags, where the fighting can hide. They are very fond of shelters in which you can barely squeeze, the best is for this ceramic and plastic pipes. Sometimes they can dig for themselves caves under the snags or stones,

clown fight

make sure that they do not bring anything down. Floating plants can be placed on the surface of the water, which will create more diffused light.

Beats clowns may be doing strange things. Not many people know that they are sleeping on their side, or even upside down, and when they see it, they think that the fish have already died. However, it is quite normal for them. As well as the fact that at one moment the fight can disappear, so that in time to get out of some already completely unimaginable gap.

Breeding botsy-clowns.

Breeding botsy-clowns. Dilute botsy all kinds of extremely difficult. I do not have my own experience of breeding these fish, therefore I will give an excerpt from A. Serdyukov’s article below (Aquarium 1/1993).

"Spawning should be large, especially for large species. Water parameters for producers' content: hardness - 15 °, pH 6.5-7.2, temperature 24-26 ° C. High-quality water purification is required. For spawning old water is used with a slight addition of fresh (1 (5-1 / 6 of volume), its hardness is 5-6 °, pH 6.8-7.0, temperature 30-32 ° С.

A prerequisite is a strong current, for the creation of which it is best to use a spinner device. Usually, electric motors are used for this purpose, preferably with a gearbox. На вал двигателя устанавливают четыре лопасти, все это закрывают кожухом из оргстекла, винипласта или луженой проволочной сетки. Для работы с такой "вертушкой" надо несколько модернизировать или заново изготовить нерестовик (углы должны иметь вставки из листового оргстекла, чтобы водный поток не терял свою энергию в мертвых зонах).

Использовать механические помпы и эрлифты нельзя, так как икра боций, подобно икре лабео и гиринохейлусов, постоянно находится в толще воды и переносится течением с места на место.
В качестве нерестового субстрата можно использовать гладкие камиц и.поряги. которые устанавливают на самом проточном месте. Интенсивность нереста впрямую зависит от мощности течения.

На одну самку должно приходиться 3-4 самца. Гормональные инъекции выполняются дробным методом.

По окончании нереста производителей высаживают, "вертушку" выключают и устанавливают дополнительные распылители воздуха. При температуре 29-31°С уже через 2-3 часа можно определить оплодотворенную икруона прозрачна. Unfertilised, white, caviar must be removed (or good caviar must be transferred to another place).

Incubation lasts from 18 to 20 hours. The larvae that hatch are extremely small and concentrate in the darkest places. On the fourth day, the fry begin to eat. At this time, they need to be fed with the smallest species of rotifers, cyclops nauplii in combination with eugenic green.

In the life of fry Botsiya clown the most critical time is the first month. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly monitor the quality of water and feed. By the end of the month, large fry fry reach lengths of 13-17 millimeters, small ones - 7-10 and begin to accept the coloring of parents. "

According to A.Kochetov, the nominative form of B.macracantha, due to the uneven growth rate, matures after five years, reaching a length of at least 12 cm. The color of males in the mating season becomes bronze-yellow with a smoky patina and non-contrast anthracite stripes. Females are noticeably rounded (they have a slight bulge in the abdomen) and acquire a bright egg-yellow color with moire-black transverse stripes.

There is information about the breeding of Botsiya clown in the club Nautilus. In addition to the traditional form, there were four copies of the giant (from 20 to 28 cm) high-caliber race from the Mekong River. The fish were unusual in appearance: the strips had an additional double-sided gold trim. The age of simple bots varied from 3 to 6 years; giant - approached 8 years. Since 1993, the club has repeatedly engaged in the stimulation of producers, but without success: either the females gave bad eggs, the males did not flow and were passive, or they could not synchronize the maturation of the producers.

Botsiya clown photo

Behavior and Compatibility not very aggressive, but you should not keep them with small fish, because the latter will be subjected to stress from too active fighting behavior. It is better not to move the slow-moving species of fish with voile fins, for example, cockerels / guppies, as well as many cichlids, because the fighting can bite off the tail fins. More suitable neighbors are peaceful, carping carp, many of which are sympatric with the genus Chromobotia in nature and are commercially available. As for the other inhabitants of the bottom, Chromobotia macracanthus get along well with most types of fights and some other loachworms. Also suitable are representatives of such species as Epalzeorhynchos, Crossocheilus and Garraand. Representatives of the species Chromobotia macracanthus are schooling, form a complex social hierarchy and should be contained in groups of 5-6 copies, preferably 10 or more. When kept alone, individuals become aggressive towards fish of similar size, and, being planted in the amount of two or three, the dominant individual will attack others, preventing them from feeding. These fish need constant contact with their relatives.

Sexual dimorphism. Distinguishing between male and female clown battles In nature, adult fighting clowns reach a length of 20-30 cm, after which growth progressively decreases. There is information about the detection of copies under 40 cm, which is quite possible, but time consuming. As a rule, in aquarium conditions the length of the fish is shorter, which is affected by the volume of the tank. Sexual dimorphism in fish is weak. Mature males are more graceful than larger females, whose abdomen is fuller. Some theories suggest that males have a more deeply forked tail fin, but this fact has not been proven.

read also mollies

Botsia content, compatibility, views, photo-video review



Botsi
freshwater aquarium clowns
A gaggle of dancing and twinkling around plants in a loach aquarium, a fascinating and very spectacular phenomenon. When you keep the Bocia, you can watch for hours with joy as they lazily tumble in the substrate, pinch, hide in strange and unimaginable places, and finally they sleep belly to the top - because of what aquarists assume that they have died. Unlike other fish, the Beats can express their pleasure in a series of clicks.
Latin name: Botiidae (bots).
Order, family: loach cobitidae, originally from Asia.
Comfortable water temperature: Most loaches prefer water with a temperature of 24-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: As a rule, the Beats prefer soft, acidic water and not they should be kept in water with a pH higher than 7.4, preferably 7.0.
Stiffness dH:
depending on the variety (Read below).
Aggressiveness: Aggressive.
The complexity of the content: All Botia are schooling fish and in no case should be alone. The group should consist of more than 6 fish. The beats can be quite aggressive among themselves and in a group that contains a small number of fish, aggression is splashed out on one selected member of the group. In large groups, however, aggression spreads evenly. The bets can be shy and will be appreciated by the following factors: the dimming of the light, the holes and the shelter.
Since the Bothia are river fish, they will be happy with the movement of water in the aquarium, as well as the low level of organic waste, which is a very important factor in the health of the fish. The sandy substrate also plays an important role, but it is not a panacea. If you use gravel, then all the pebbles should be round and clean. If the detritus is allowed to dig into the substrate, then the delicate antennae of the fights are prone to infections. The decor of the aquarium should not contain any sharp edges and have a reliable cover, because Chars are experts in jumping.
The beats have a unique feature - the infraorbital spine. This spine protrudes from under the eye of the fish and hides when the fish feel dangerous or under stress. You have to be careful when you catch Botsia, because This spine can get tangled in a net, pierce a shipping bag or even injure an aquarist if he or she is not careful about handling this fish!
Compatible bots: Neighbors for Beatsiya should be chosen with caution. Ideal fishes, for the neighborhood with bindlings, will be other species of loach or strong schooling fish, like the tiger barbus, danio or large tetras. Rainbow fish can be crossed with success, although they prefer an increase in pH.
This is a very noisy fish. This manifests itself during feeding and games, which can cause stress for some slowly moving fish. You should also be very careful when combining Botion with other inhabitants of the lower layers.
Feeding and feeding ration: Depending on the variety. Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

TYPES OF BOCIA

Botion Emperor, Emperor Botia (Botia udomritthiruji)
different yellow primary color

Scientific name: Botia udomritthiruji (pronounced oo-dom-reet-thee-roo-jee).
Common name: A variation of Botsia "The River Tenasserim", Bozia Emperor.
Habitat: Tenasserim River, East Burma (now Myanmar)
Sexual dimorphism: The female has a fuller belly, unlike the male.
Maximum size: 15cm (6 ")
Looks like: Botia Rostrata (Botia rostrata), Botia Histrionica (Botia histrionica)
Care: It is necessary to equip an aquarium with a large number of shelters, like grottoes, snags.
Feeding: They prefer good quality flakes, sinking granules, algae-based balls, chopped worms, frozen bloodworms, shrimps.
Water parameters: pH: 6.0-6.5, Hardness: Soft, Maximum dh: 8 degrees.
Temperature: 22-27.7 ° C (76? F to 82? F)
Breeding: Do not breed in aquariums.

Botion Dario, Botia Dario

this species has dark brown stripes on a yellow base, inclined forward
Scientific name:
Botia dario (Hamilton, 1822) Common name: Queen Loach, Bengal Loach, Geto Loach.
Synonyms: Botia geto, Cobitis dario, Cobitis geto, Canthophrys flavicauda, ​​Diacanthus flavicauda, ​​Canthophrys zebra, Diacanthus zebra.
Habitat: India, Bangladesh.
Sexual dimorphism: It is not known, presumably the female is more round.
Maximum size: 15cm. (6 inches)
Looks like: Not.
Care: Numerous shelters give the fish more security, which makes them more daring. Like most fish found in the lower layers, the substrate must therefore consist of fine grained gravel with rounded edges. Together with other scaleless or small-scale fish, they are susceptible to infection by skin parasites. Therefore, during treatment, it is necessary to use products only for scaleless fish.
Feeding: are omnivores; It is well received as commercial dry food, as well as live or frozen food.
Water parameters: pH: 6.8-7.5. Stiffness: both soft and medium. Maximum dh: 12.0.
Temperature: 24-28 ° C (75? F to 82? F)
Breeding: Can be propagated in the aquarium.
Botsia Striata, Botia Striata (Zebra, Zebra Loach)
the fish is distinguished by beautiful graphic stripes arranged in groups separated by a wide broad band

Scientific name:
Botia striata (Gunther, 1868) Common name: Vyun Zebra
Synonyms: Botia striatus, Botia striata kolhapurensis
Habitat: The clear water flows of the rivers Maharashtra and the Western Ghats, India.
Sexual dimorphism: An adult female has a more round belly.
Maximum size: 10cm (4 inches)
Looks like: Botsiya Rostrata
Care: This type of fish belongs to the peace-loving and active, which should consist of a group of 5 individuals in the aquarium. Keep these fish is necessary on a sandy substrate to protect the delicate area of ​​the antennae. In the aquarium should be a large number of different grottoes, snags, caves and plants. Pure and well proaired water is obligatory.
Feeding: Most dry granulated feed for bottom dwellers eagerly eats, but it is also necessary to diversify food with live food, in particular, mosquito larva, artemia, and daphnia, which they eat with great enthusiasm. You can feed this type of fish cucumber. With hunting they eat small water snails.
Water parameters:
Rigidity:
mild with little acidity. pH: 7.0 or lower, dH: Temperature: 23-27 ° C (73? F to 81? F)
Breeding: Several cases of females become pregnant in aquariums, but not a single spawning event has been reported.
Botion Almora Botia Almorhae ("Yoyo" Loach)
has a kind of pronounced texture. In the process of growing up drawing fades

Scientific name:
Botia almorhae (Gray, 1831) Common name: Yoyo, Almora, Pakistani, Net.
Synonyms: Botia lohachata
Habitat: India, Nepal, Bangladesh.
Sexual dimorphism: Females have more rounded shapes, especially during pregnancy. A distinctive feature of males is the redness around the antennae and the mouth.
Maximum size: 6 inches.
Looks like: Botsiya Rostrata, Botsiya Histrionika.
Care: In nature, fish live in tranquil areas of the highland water basin. Juveniles are located in more flat reservoirs. The aquarium, for the maintenance of these fish, must contain a large number of hiding places, grottoes, rocks. To prevent damage to the gentle antennae, it is necessary to use a sandy substrate, as the fish are actively digging in it. The lighting is muffled.
Feeding: Most dry granulated feed for bottom dwellers eagerly eats, but it is also necessary to diversify food with live food, in particular, mosquito larva, artemia, and daphnia, which they eat with great enthusiasm. This type of fish is very greedy before meals and is prone to overfeeding, which is to be feared. With hunting they eat water snails.
Water parameters: pH: 6.5-7.5 Stiffness: average dh: Temperature: 22-27.7 ° C (76? F to 82? F)
Breeding: Do not breed in aquariums, but females are often filled with caviar.
Botion Rostrata, Botia Rostrata
this species has gray areas in the central part

Scientific name:
Botia rostrata (Gunther, 1868) Common name: Twin-banded Loach, Ladder Loach, Dohser (India), Loach Ganges (India), Sergeant Major Loach
Synonyms: Botia dayii, Botia geto.
Habitat: India, Bangladesh, and the Salween and Irrawaddy River Basins in China.
Sexual dimorphism: Females have more rounded shapes, especially during pregnancy.
Maximum size: 20cm (8 inches).
Looks like: Botsiya Almora, Botsiya Kubotai
Care: In nature, fish live in tranquil areas of the highland water basin. Juveniles are located in more flat reservoirs. The aquarium, for the maintenance of these fish, must contain a large number of hiding places, grottoes, rocks. To prevent damage to the gentle antennae, it is necessary to use a sandy substrate, as the fish are actively digging in it. The lighting is muffled.
Feeding: they prefer high-quality flakes, sinking granules for bottom dwellers, chopped worms, frozen bloodworm, shrimp cutting.
Water parameters: pH: 6.5-7.5 Stiffness: average, Maximum dh: 12
Temperature: 22-27.7 ° C (76? F to 82? F)
Breeding: Do not breed in aquariums.
Botion Kubotai, Botia kubotai
black stripes can contain both white and blue spots, increasing with the growth of fish

Scientific name:
Botia kubotai Common name: Polka-Dot Loach, Marble Loach, Cloud Botia, Angelicus Loach, Botia "Angelicus", Burmese Border Loach
Synonyms: Not.
Habitat: Burma border, Ataran river basin, Myanmar.
Sexual dimorphism: Not known
Maximum size: 13 cm (5 inches)
Looks like: Botsiya Histrionika, Botsiya Rostrata
Care: This type of bots is relatively undemanding and can adapt to a wide range of water parameters, but soft and sour water is generally preferred. There are schooling fishes and they should be kept in groups of three or more individuals. The substrate should consist of fine grained gravel with rounded edges. You need a large number of shelters, which gives the fish more courage.
Feeding: omnivorous, well received as commercial dry food, and live or frozen food.
Water parameters: pH: 6.8-7.5. Stiffness: soft or medium. The maximum dh: 20.0.
Temperature: 24-28 ° C (75? F to 82? F)
Breeding: Not known for breeding in aquariums.
Botsia Histrionica, Botia histrionica
have very strong bands

Scientific name:
Botia histrionica (Blyth, 1860) Common name: Burmese loach, Zebra Golden, Silver Striped.
Synonyms: not.
Habitat: India, Burma: Salween river basin, can be found in the western part of Thailand.
Sexual dimorphism: not known.
Maximum size: 13 cm (5 inches)
Looks like: The young individual of this species of fish can be confused with Botsii Kubotai, Botsii Almora, and Botsii Rostrata.
Care: belong to the calm members of the genus Botsy. Very sociable and curious, well suited for keeping in a common aquarium with other fish in an amount of from 3 to 5 or more individuals. Unlike other species, Botsiya Histrionica often catches the eye during the daytime when there is a sufficient number of shelters. The volume of the aquarium of 200 liters, and the larger the aquarium. the more active fish behave.
Feeding: food is not picky and eagerly eats dry food, sinking granules, fresh vegetables, artemia, bloodworms, etc.
Water parameters: pH 6.5 - 7.2; Hardness: Soft. Maximum dh: unknown.
Temperature: 25-28 ° C (77 ° F to 82 ° F)
Breeding: No official cases are known, such as breeding in aquariums, and pregnancy of females.
Botsiya sp.aff. Rostrata, Botia sp.aff. rostrata
Scientific name:
Botia sp. aff. Rostrata. Common name: not.
Synonyms: not.
Habitat: Myanmar.
Sexual dimorphism: females have a more round shape, unlike males.
Maximum size: Probably around 5 inches (13cm)
Looks like: Botsiya Rostrata, Botsiya Histrionika.
Care: The aquarium should be equipped with a large number of shelters among the rocks and snags. To prevent damage to the gentle antennae, it is necessary to use a sandy substrate, as the fish are actively digging in it. The lighting is muffled.
Feeding: they prefer high-quality flakes, sinking granules for bottom dwellers, chopped worms, frozen bloodworm, shrimp cutting.
Water parameters: pH: 6.5-7.5 Stiffness: medium. Maximum dh: 12
Temperature: 22-27.7 ° C (76? F to 82? F)
Breeding: Do not breed in aquariums.
Sinibotia robusta
this species has a rather long nose, and the lower forked stripes resemble a “sawtooth” pattern.

Scientific name:
Sinibotia robusta (Kottelat, 2004) Common name: Chinese variety of Golden Zebra.
Synonyms: Botia robusta (Wu, 1939), Botia hexafurca
Место обитания: Китай, Вьетнам.
Половой диморфизм: не известно.
Максимальный размер: 9 cm (3.5 inches)
Похожа на: ни на кого.
Уход: это семейство рыб обитает в субтропиках на всей территории Китая. In the aquarium should be present good filtration and aeration.
Feeding: food is not picky and eagerly eats dry food, sinking granules, fresh vegetables, artemia, bloodworms, etc.
Water parameters: pH: 7.0-7.8. Stiffness: medium. The maximum indicator dh: 12.
Temperature: 20-23.8 ° C (68? F to 75? F)
Breeding: Do not breed in aquariums.
FanFishka.ru thanks
author of the article - Argenty (Alexander Isakov),
for the provided material and cooperation!

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Clown fish in your home

You have decided to visit the aquarium. Long walked and admired all sorts of strange sea and ocean dwellers. And in one of the rooms a clown fish appeared in your aquarium before you. You are fascinated and returning home with the desire to get yourself such an unusual pet. Did you think how to care for this fish, what it needs to ensure the right living conditions? Today we will consider this question.

Clown fish: from the ocean to the aquarium

First go to the aquarium shop. The natural habitat of clownfish is the ocean, where it is accustomed to the expanse. And, accordingly, the aquarium should be rather big. Choosing a suitable volume, you need to consider how many individuals you want to have. Remember that clown fish in nature do not live in groups, and it is impossible to place them in dozens of them in one aquarium like guppies or mollies. In it, they must always live either singly or alone (I emphasize: one!) As a couple. One individual needs a 25-30-liter aquarium. And for a pair of perfect 70-liter. You may be surprised by some difference in the ratios, but consider the probability of having posterity in pets, which in the first weeks of life will have to get along with their parents. And also need a place to live adult clown fish. The water in the aquarium should be well lit and have a temperature of 25-27 o C, you need to daily filter and change it.

Clownfish: living house

If you think that in the ocean, clown fish live between rocks and in the aquarium you can get along with a couple of small stone "castles", then you are cruelly mistaken on both points. Of course, such dwellings can be supplied if desired, only these pets will live in them with great reluctance. Indeed, in the ocean, their usual home - sea anemones, or sea anemones. Their coexistence and clown fish is unique in its kind. After all, sea anemone is a predator that feeds on small fish, inflicting deadly burns on them. However, in clown fish, after they “meet” the tentacles of the anemones, by touching them with fins, special mucus is developed on the body, which further protects these intestinal cavities from stinging cells and allows them to swim into the empty space formed by the wall of tentacles. This is a great refuge - no enemy dares to even get close to the sea anemone, knowing how it will end. "In gratitude" for protecting the clown fish regularly cleans their tentacles from food debris. Here is such an unusual symbiosis.

Clownfish: friends and enemies

But back to the aquarium. If you want, you can share with this pet his non-aggressive relatives of other species, but the same size as him. In general, clown fish are very nice and calm, but if they see someone as an enemy, then write is gone. They will pinch and bite the poor man until you remove him from the aquarium. So be careful.

Clown fish: feed for food!

Like all living creatures, these pets need to eat. They are unpretentious and can eat any food for sea fish as dry (store), and frozen (for example, squid, shrimp, etc.). They get used to any food offered.

Clown fish: who is who?

So, food, sea anemones and an aquarium are ready, it remains only to buy the clown fish itself. Naturally, fry. But when you come to the pet store, you find a strange paradox: all the kids-clowns are boys. Do not be surprised, these fish are born only by males, the largest individuals will later become girls. So look carefully: if you want a female, take a bigger fish, and vice versa - if you need a boy - a smaller one.

Conclusion

These pets are relatively easy to keep, they are an excellent choice for a beginner. There is even a toy - a flying clown fish (photo) that any child will take with great joy. Still, live pets are much better. Take care of your fish, provide them with decent living conditions - and they will delight you with their bright stripes and wonderful character for dozens of years.

Clown fish - the most unusual inhabitant of the aquarium

The underwater world is extremely interesting and attractive. That is why more and more people are acquiring their own "underwater worlds", preferring to launch into the bowls of their favorite pets and various forms of underwater life. Especially against this background, the clownfish known for cartoons stands out. A bright, mobile, graceful and unforgettable individual literally catches the attention and settles in the soul the rest of contemplation and leisurely life.

Natural habitat

The main distribution area is the warm depths of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is here that under the protection of poisonous tentacles of anemones, fish, clowns can be calm and peacefully indulge in the joys of life. Find out where your pet is from, if it was brought from the ocean, perhaps by the brightness of its color. Juicy shades of red is most likely the inhabitant of the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, and lemon-yellow tones may belong to the Pacific. In general, clown fish is a whole force that includes many subspecies. But today we are talking about the individual that lives or will soon be settled in your home, about caring for it, diet and reproduction.

It is known that clown fish in nature lives in thickets of poisonous anemones. So that these predators "recognize" the new member of the flock, each fish goes through a certain "initiation" ritual. For this fin fish slightly touches the poisonous tentacles and continues this action until the whole body is covered with protective mucus. This precaution produces a certain secret, which reduces the sensitivity to burns. And now you can comfortably sit among the processes of a predator, where no other enemy will swim.

The size of the inhabitants, as seen in the photo, is small. The length of the largest specimen will not exceed 12 cm in nature and 9-11 cm for an aquarium inhabitant.

Another interesting feature that clown fish have is a click. Silent sounds are like grunts, and loud sounds like a slight beating of a rosary. Observe how your aquarium behaves, you will see for yourself what is said.

Maintenance and care

In order for the clown fish to feel "at home", it is necessary to populate the bowl of the aquarium with anemones. In their presence, individuals feel safe. But it is important to maintain a balance: with a small number of anemones, fish will oppress the latter and izvestut anemones in the bud. There is no desire to observe and divide the territory, enrich the underwater world with grottoes, shelters and "rocks" with minks, this will be quite enough for your clowns. Look at the photos of the best aquariums, you will understand what exactly should be in the "apartment" for fish for comfort, convenience and safety.

The main points of proper pet care are the following points:

  1. Quality water is the main measure of comfort; fish clowns do not survive in a liquid where the level of nitrite is exceeded;
  2. The aggressiveness of some representatives can be a problem for other inhabitants of the aquarium, so before acquiring a pet, ask how well it interacts with other fishes;
  3. A stable pair of fish is the best friend of any aquarist. By settling an established couple with you, you will receive not only the possibility of breeding pets, but also a certain level of calm in the "underwater world";
  4. Aggressive neighbors will meet a very serious rebuff, which means that you should choose peaceful and stolid pets if a couple of “dumb” from a cartoon live in an aquarium;
  5. The volume of the aquarium 100 liters - more than 2 fish do not settle!

As you can see, pets are not so simple and require respect for themselves. And now a little more about what can not be seen in the photo:

  • The optimal temperature of existence is +27 С;
  • The level of water acidity is not more than 8-8.4;
  • The density of the liquid is not lower than 1.020 and not higher than 1.025.

Good lighting, adding water in the amount of 20% at least twice a month and unpretentiousness in food - this is what the clown fish will mean for a novice aquarist. Speaking of food. You can feed your pets as dry flakes, and shrimp, lamprey, octopus or squid. Not bad to add to the menu algae. The frequency of feeding twice or thrice a day, but determine the portions yourself. If your pets (not only clowns) eat the same food, and the representatives of the clown squad will get little food - wait for the bloody feuds. These fighters can stand up for themselves.

Pets live in captivity for a long time, many individuals mark their seventh and even eighth birthday. Therefore, you can safely choose the photo and buy a small "Nemo", it will give you many pleasant emotions and a lot of amazing discoveries.

Botsiya clown - aquarium fish! (Content and Care)

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