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Comet fish - content in a home aquarium

The comet fish is a bright representative of the carp family. The second name that is often found among aquarists is “golden fish”. This is the most beautiful representative of your aquarium, which, moreover, can perfectly get along with all the peace-loving fish.

The opinion that comet fish are very unscrupulous is controversial. You just need to have a few catfish, which are considered to be the orderlies of aquariums. And you can enjoy the spectacle of the beautiful and graceful representatives of the aquarium fauna. Beautiful photo proof of that.

Appearance

Comet fish are very beautiful and very unusual in appearance. The body is somewhat elongated and ends with a luxurious forked tail fin, which makes it look like a veiltail. Fin length reaches ¾ of body length. The longer the tail - the more valuable the aquarium fish. The dorsal fin is also well developed.

The color options for fish are varied - from pale yellow with white patches to almost black. The color is affected by:

  • feed;
  • illumination of the aquarium;
  • the presence of shaded areas;
  • the number and variety of algae.

These factors can affect the color shades of the aquarium fish, but it is impossible to change the color drastically.

Several photos will demonstrate the color scheme of "goldfish".

Another factor that influences the value of the cometary fish is the contrast in the color of the body and the fins. The greater the tone difference, the more valuable the copy.

Since the comet is an artificially cultivated ornamental aquarium fish, the only flaw in the experiments is considered to be a slightly swollen abdomen, which, however, does not spoil the appearance of the "golden fish".

Conditions of detention

Comet aquarium fish are very peaceful, albeit fussy. To them in the neighborhood you can choose the same calm and peace-loving relatives. It is necessary to take into account their peculiarity - the ability to "jump out" from the aquarium. Therefore, in the summer, it is possible to keep them in garden ponds, but with good aeration and filtration of water.

Recommended in an aquarium of 50 liters the content of one individual. The most favorable conditions - the capacity of 100 liters for a pair of fish. If you want to increase the number of inhabitants of the home "pond", proportionally increase its volume at the rate of: 50 liters per fish. But the content of more than 10 individuals in the same tank is impractical.

Cleaning in the "fish house" should be carried out at least 3 times a month. The frequency depends on the number of individuals living in the aquarium.

Since cometary fish love to dig the ground, you need to choose small pebbles or coarse sand as a coating. Plants should be with good root system and hard leaves.

Temperature ranges from +15 to + 30 °, but optimal for winter is + 15- + 18º, for summer - + 20- + 23 °. Larger or smaller indicators negatively affect the livelihoods of individuals and their reproduction.

Breeding

Comet fish breed very well at home. To do this, you need to install a spawning aquarium, and create a favorable microclimate there.

  1. The spawning tank should be about 20-30 liters.
  2. The bottom is certainly with sandy soil and small-leaved plants.
  3. The optimum temperature is 24-26º.
  4. To stimulate spawning, the water in the aquarium is gradually heated, increasing its performance by 5-10 °.

Usually, one female and two two-year-old males are chosen for spawning. As soon as the temperature in the tank rises to a level that is comfortable for spawning, the males will start actively chasing the female through the aquarium and she will begin to lose eggs all along the perimeter. Males will fertilize the spawn.

Immediately after this, the “parents” must be removed from the spawning farm, otherwise they will eat the hatched fry, which should appear on the third or fourth day after spawning. You can feed them with "live dust" or any other food for the fry of goldfish, which is sold in abundance in pet stores.

Feeding rules

The general rules for feeding comets are very simple. And if you do them correctly, then the fauna of your aquarium will long please the eye. Under favorable conditions, fish can live up to 14 years.

Comets are very voracious and if they are saturated enough, this can provoke intestinal diseases. It is imperative to observe the timing of feeding and the amount of feed.

The diet should include live and vegetable food. Its amount should not exceed 3% of fish weight per day. You need to feed twice a day - in the morning and in the evening, preferably in the same time limits. Feeding time ranges from 10 to 20 minutes, after which the remnants of the uneaten food should be removed from the aquarium.

If the nutrition of comets is carried out correctly and fully, they can, if necessary, endure a week-long hunger strike without harm to health.

Comet Fish - Long-tailed Eaters

The comet fish is one of the selection forms from a goldfish from the genus of carp carp family. Thanks to the attractiveness of the fish has become popular around the world. There are several versions of the origin of comets. One indicates that the fish were bred in America in the 1800s, and the other to Japanese origin. Comets are beautiful and unpretentious pets, the content of which is within the power of all aquarium hobbyists.

Gold

Description

The comet has an oblong body and a beautiful long tail, often 2–3 times longer than the body length of the fish. The shape of the tail is fork forked, which resembles a voile-tailed fish. The fins are also elongated, fluttering like ribbons. The body shape ichthyologists distinguish signs of degeneration of the breed. The body should be flat and elongated, and a rounded abdomen indicates changes in genetics. The value of comets is also determined by their color. The most valuable are the fish with different colors of the body and fins. Comet goldfish has a red-orange color with white or yellow spots. Red fish can be various shades of this color, from orangish to blood-scarlet. There is also a black breed called "black velvet", when the fish is painted completely in pure black.

By the nature of the comet is peaceful and calm, they develop rapidly and actively. Keep in the middle and lower layers of water. In the aquarium comet can live up to 14 years.

Content

Adult specimens are up to 18 cm in length; their content is more suitable for a pond than for a small aquarium. Therefore, for these fish will need a large capacity of 120 liters per pair. Mandatory cover, as the fish often jump out of the aquarium. Need enhanced aeration and high-quality filtering. Regularly replace a quarter of the volume of water, because the fish do not tolerate dirty water. In the warm season, the temperature in the aquarium is maintained from 18 to 23 ° C, in winter from 15 to 18 ° C. Hardness 9-25 °, acidity 6.5-8.

Like goldfish, comets love to rummage in the substrate, so coarse sand or unsharp pebbles are chosen as soil, placed on the bottom with a thickness of 5-6 cm. ground and settling on the leaves. Suitable Vallisneria, Elodieus, arrowhead, sagittariya, pod. You can’t place spiky objects that comets can injure their fins about. Comets need good lighting and shelters. In the shaded areas, the fish often hide. For registration of capacity use snags, smooth stones, plastic plants.

Red

Feeding

Comets are picky about food, like a lot and eat tasty food. Therefore, you should not overfeed them, otherwise they face obesity, fraught with sterility of fish. If the fish nevertheless began to get better or turn over on their backs, they should be immediately put on a unloading diet. Healthy fish can last a week without food. Adult fish are fed 2 times a day, and leftover food is removed. Each feeding procedure is designed for 10–20 minutes of eating the feed, after which food residues must be caught to avoid poisoning of the water with rotten food.

Aquarium comet eats live and frozen food in the form of bloodworms, earthworms, seafood, feed. From plant food fish eat nettle leaves and lettuce. For feeding gluttonous comets in the aquarium, you can keep floating plants such as riccia and duckweed. To maintain the brightness or improve the color of comets can be fed with specialized feed for goldfish.

Breeding

Comets reach sexual maturity by 2 years. In females, the belly is full, full of caviar. Males on the gill covers and pectoral fin show signs of readiness for reproduction in the form of chipping or grains. Breeding of comets is best done in the spring in a separate pond from 35 liters. Sandy soil, small-leaved plants and a protective net for catching eggs are placed. For one female, 2-3 mature males are selected. Previously they are kept separately for 2-3 weeks. In spawning temperature rises to 24-26 ° C. Stimulation of spawning occurs by gradually heating the temperature. Males chase the female, which scatters eggs throughout the spawning ground. Eggs settle on the leaves of plants or fall into the protective grid. In total, the female spawns up to 6000 eggs. At the end of spawning, the producers are removed, otherwise the parents will begin to devour the eggs. After 2-3 days, the eggs mature and the larvae appear. After hatching the fry they are given starter feed in the form of live dust or special feed.

Black velvet

Compatibility

Comets are usually kept with calm peace-loving fish. Optimal content with danios, catfish, neons, terration. To assist in cleaning the aquarium, you can choose to neighbors to the comets of sweepers such as antsistrusov, speckled catfish and other orderlies. It is not recommended to combine comets with large and aggressive cichlids, scalars, gourami, cockerels, barbs and tetras.

Diseases

Comets tolerate salinity up to 12-15%, so when a distinctive disease appears, 5-7 grams of sea salt per liter is added to water. The signs of disease include the appearance on the body of fish plaque type semolina, as well as gluing fins. The fish may begin rubbing against objects and swimming in jerks. Comets can be subject to the following diseases: mycobacteriosis, carp pox, gastric inflammation, inversion, common cold, dropsy, ringworm, scabies, scale clouding. Fish are deposited in a separate container and begin treatment that is suitable for a particular disease.

Aquarium comets are excellent inhabitants of aquariums that have earned the genuine interest of many aquarists for their beauty and character traits. By following all the rules and providing the fish with good care, you can enjoy their company for many years.

Comet Goldfish

The Comet Fish is a selective form of the Goldfish. She was bred in the United States in the 1800s. These aquarian inhabitants are representatives of the genus Karasei, so they are characterized by a fairly simple body structure. A truly luxurious tail, a long one with a split and a deep cut, testifies to belonging to the elite of the fish kingdom.

Comet

Content

The nature of the fish is very calm and peaceful. They get along well with all representatives of the class Goldfish, as well as with tetras, aquarium catfish, viviparous.

Aquarium water for the maintenance of comets should have the following characteristics:

  • temperature: 20-23 degrees, although individuals feel quite normal at a lower temperature (up to 15 degrees);
  • rigidity - 6-18;
  • pH - 5-8.

Part of the water should be replaced regularly. The volume of the aquarium depends on the number of inhabitants. On average, one representative of Goldfish should have at least 40 liters of water. 70 liters is enough for two fish, that is: the more inhabitants in the aquarium, the greater their density is allowed. But in this case it is necessary to provide high-quality aeration.

You should not expect that in an aquarium where the Comet Goldfish lives with its comrades, order will be maintained. Despite the immobility, Comets are very fond of digging in the ground (like all other representatives of the Karas). Therefore, in the aquarium there should be coarse sand or pebbles without sharp particles with a layer of 5-6 cm. For the same reason, too whimsical plants should not be planted, which will be eaten or dug in the shortest possible time. Plants with a strong root system and hard leaves, for example, valisneria, nugget or elodea, turn out to be the most enduring.

This variety of Goldfish is completely unpretentious and in the choice of food. They are happy to eat any kind of live and vegetable food. However, such promiscuousness in food often leads to their obesity. If the red fish "swollen" on the sides or abdomen, then once a week for it you should arrange a fasting day, in a running form - and put it on a starvation diet for a few days. To prevent obesity, fish should be given daily only 3% of the feed in relation to their body weight.

Also, the Comet fish needs bright light. It allows you to emphasize and enhance its beautiful color.
It is possible to determine that the conditions of keeping fish are unsuitable, according to the following criteria:

  1. The fins or tail are stratified - excessive density of fish population.
  2. Fins or the whole body turned black - inappropriate composition of water.

Normal maintenance of a comet in an aquarium is impossible without a heater and a powerful filter. Living conditions have a great influence on the appearance of the fish, as well as their ability to breed.

Breeding

Comets are ready for breeding, usually at 2 years of age. Spawning usually occurs in the first spring months. Set readiness for reproduction can be on the following grounds:

  • in males: warts on the gill covers, on the front pair of fins - notches;
  • in females, the belly becomes dense, tightly stuffed with caviar.

The Comet Fish breeds best in the equipped spawning ground:

  1. The volume of the aquarium - 25-30 liters of soft fresh water.
  2. The temperature is higher than the standard by 5-8 degrees, that is, about 25-30 degrees.
  3. The aquarium must be filled with sandy soil and small-leaved plants, and a protective net is installed at the bottom in order to protect the eggs from eating.

Before spawning, males are best separated from females for several weeks. At this time, their diet should be as nutritious and varied as possible. Before breeding, you can arrange a fasting day.

Spawning Males chase females throughout the aquarium, so the eggs are placed throughout the spawning area. One female lays about 10,000 eggs. Warm aquarium water contributes to the rapid removal of fry - they appear already on the second or fifth day. Their development occurs without adult individuals, which should immediately be removed from spawning. At first it is better to feed the fry with live dust, and a little later with rotifers and artemia.

Telescope - goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


CARASSIUS AURATUS FISH TELESCOPE

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-25 C.

Ph: 5,0- 8,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the "Goldfish" nibbled and left a lot of "kakul". So, THIS IS NOT TRUE !!! He himself repeatedly wound up such fish ... there is no dirt - I spend an easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be frightened sellers tales !!! Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of "kakulyami", bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmos kyuli), and other orderlies from the aquarium !!!

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation - do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.

The body is ovoid, the fins are long, anal and caudal forked.

There are two types of telescopes:

- Scaleless: one-color and pied print;

- scaly (velvet black).

The color of the telescope is variable: red, orange, calico, black.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding - the key to success is the balance of the feed. The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish - barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 18-25 ° C, aquarium water hardness 6-18 o, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening.Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of non-eaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Photo fish telescope


Interesting video about telescopes

How to determine the sex of the Goldfish - male or female


HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF THE GOLDEN FISH: THE MALE BUCKET AND THE BOY

Everyone wants to know the sex of their goldfish, unless of course the goldfish are not intended solely for decorative purposes. Real goldfish fans usually want to get offspring from them, and here the definition of sex is of particular importance. There are several ways to determine the sex of goldfish.

During the spawning period, males of goldfish are easier to identify than females. Males develop tubercles or white bumps along pectoral fins and gill covers. In addition, males form dented teeth, the so-called "saw", on the male front fins. Females become slightly asymmetric, especially in the abdomen. They look bloated.


Photos of the structure of a goldfish

Photo of a male golden fish
In the photo clearly visible tubercles casting the Golden male from the female.

At the end of the spawning period and after several spawning spawns in some males, the thoracic region becomes rigid. It is rather difficult to determine this state, therefore, those who are not able to do this can be comforted by the realization that not many can distinguish a goldfish female from a male.

Here are some more ways to determine the sex of a goldfish, but even they are useless, if there is no fish for at least a year*, that is, if the fish has not reached puberty.

1. Males have an outgrowth extending through the posterior part of the ventral fin to the anus. In females, this growth is either completely absent or much smaller.

2. In females, the area between the ventral and anal fins is soft, and in males it is hard.

3. Although it is difficult to see, but the anus of females is round and convex, while the anus of males is thinner and concave.

4. The male's abdominal fins are pointed, and the female's fins are round and shorter.

5. The color of the females is brighter and they are more active. This method will undoubtedly help distinguish the female.

6. You can run the female goldfish in the aquarium and watch the reaction of the other goldfish. Males will swim to a new fish, and females will not show interest.


Here is another photo of males and females of goldfish


photo male goldfish Orande male goldfish telescope

photo of a female telescope goldfish

photo of a female goldfish Vualehvost

photo male and female goldfish Koi carps
Useful video, how to determine the sex of a goldfish - male or female, boy or girl :)

* Do not be surprised if in the pet store when buying goldfish, give your question to the male and the female, you will be told that this is not possible! Sex differences in the family of goldfish appear only with the onset of sexual maturity, i.e. after 1 year.

Ranchu - goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review


Carassius gibelio forma auratus RANCHU

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 S.

Ph: 6,0- 8,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the "Goldfish" nibbled and left a lot of "kakul". So, THIS IS NOT TRUE !!! He himself repeatedly wound up such fish ... there is no dirt - I spend an easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be frightened sellers tales !!! Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of "kakulyami", bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmos kyuli), and other orderlies from the aquarium !!!

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation - do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.

Description:

Ranchu - another artificially derived form of "Golden Fish". Homeland - Japan. Literally Ranch translates as "cast in orchid." The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. The pectoral and pelvic fins are small. The tail fin is triangular. Dorsal fin no.

Many people confuse this bred form of fish with the Lionhead and Shibunkin. It is understandable - distinguish between them a little. However, it is not.

There are a variety of variations of ranch color. In addition, ranch subspecies were derived (differences in color and shape): orange, chocolate, metallic black ranches. There is also a lion-headed ranch, resulting from the crossing of a lion's head and a ranch.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding - the key to success is the balance of the feed. The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.

For the content you need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. The volume of the aquarium is at least 50 liters per 1 individual. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish - barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable water parameters: temperature 18-23 С, aquarium water hardness 8-25, pH 6.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium with a lion head it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Photo ranch


Video ranch

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