Little fish red cap conditions


Fish Little Red Riding Hood

The red cap fish appeared as a result of the artificial cultivation of a goldfish breed. For the first time an ornamental fish was bred in Japan. Breed differs in picturesque appearance and decoration of the head in the form of a red cap, due to which aquarium fish got their name.

Little Red Riding Hood


Little Red Riding Hood refers to the type of freshwater crucian carp, as a rule, has a white color and characteristic growth on the head. The body has an elongated shape, which is compressed on the sides. Goldfish can reach an impressive size of up to 22 cm.

Aquarium dwellers look very attractive. The cap has a single dorsal fin. Other fins have a pair. The tail has a characteristic shape and length, which is about 50% of the total body length.

Conditions of detention

Little Red Riding Hood is quite capricious resident of the aquarium. Acceptable temperature range is from 18 to 23 degrees. If there is a deviation from the set temperature, the goldfish dies.

Aquarium inhabitants are quite large in size, therefore The volume of the aquarium is calculated as 100 liters per individual. It is recommended to keep this breed a pair.

The soil of the aquarium should be of medium size. It is advisable to avoid varieties with sharp edges, as aquarium inhabitants like to dig in it and can get hurt.

Red cap needs constant filtration of water. In the aquarium must be present plants and snags, which create decor. Such an environment enriches the entire aquarium with oxygen and significantly reduces the level of nitrates.

Water parameters must meet the following requirements: Stiffness from 6 - 18 ° dGH, pH - 5.0 - 7.0. It is recommended every week to partially replace the water at 20-30%.


Aquarian inhabitants have a very peaceful nature. You can not addicted to them overly active and aggressive breeds. Size does not matter. Little Red Riding Hood will be completely defenseless even before a fish half its size.

Little Red Riding Hood

It is worth noting that the breed is a threat to aquarium plants. Goldfish love to eat vegetation, so you should be prepared for frequent replacement of the aquarium fauna.

What diseases are affected breed

Diseases of the breed are conventionally divided into infectious and non-contagious. The latter group includes the following:

  • unhealthy diet;
  • alkalosis;
  • diseases of lack of oxygen;
  • stressful diseases.

Infectious diseases pose a danger to all inhabitants of the aquarium and are expressed in the following forms:

  • tuberculosis;
  • smallpox;
  • rubella.


Aquarium fish always look hungry and can eat huge amounts of food. It is necessary to feed them carefully, twice a day, in medium portions.

Golden fish requires a rich and varied diet. All kinds of feed are welcome. Live varieties are recommended to buy only frozen. Vegetable food in the form of cabbage and cucumber are very useful for the breed.


Representatives of the species are able to have offspring at the age of 2 years. Reproduction occurs in early spring. To create favorable conditions, it is necessary to provide a warmer water temperature and diffused light.

Before spawning, it is recommended to settle the males and females in different aquariums for a couple of days and feed them exclusively with live food.

After spawning, the fish need to be planted again, as parents can eat their own caviar. Fry will appear within 5 days. Live food is preferred.

Little Red Hat

A species of golden aquarium fish, the oranda, or, as it is also called, the red cap, was known in Japan in ancient times. This fish belongs to the selection helmet-shaped form of goldfish. The shape of her body is ovoid, the length of the fish grows up to 23 cm. It received its name for the fatty growth of red color located on the head. This fish is considered more valuable if the red cap on her head is large.

Another distinctive feature of the goldfish, the red cap is the presence of a median fin on its back, while the other fins of it are bifurcated. Other helmets do not have any fin on their backs. In purebred orange tail fin can not be in the form of a fork, and in length it should be at least 70% of the body length of the fish.

The colors of the red cap may be different, but the most popular are white with a red head or cotton print.

Little Red Riding Hood - Care

Little Red Riding Hood - aquarium fish is quite capricious and tender. It feels good in water with a temperature of 18-24 ° C and does not tolerate either colder or warmer water. The Oranda is a rather large and cumbersome fish, therefore only a few individuals should be kept in the aquarium weaning 100 l. This fish is calm and peaceful, it is easy to get along with other non-aggressive neighbors.

You can feed red caps, like other goldfish, with live feeds or their substitutes, vegetable supplements, such as lettuce or spinach.

It should be remembered that if Oranda feels uncomfortable: freeze or starve, then its main decoration - the red cap on the head - may simply disappear.

Orands are well alongside with such aquarium plants as cabomba, elodiea, valisneria. Do not put in an aquarium, where they live red hats, sharp stones, which the fish can get hurt. Since the fish loves to rummage in the soil, it is better to use pebbles or coarse sand as a substrate.

In the aquarium it is best to install a biofilter and powerful aeration, since the red cap is very sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water. Every week it is advisable to do a water change of about 25% of the total.

At the age of one and a half or two years, the red cap becomes sexually mature. If you decide to breed an orande, you will seat two or three males and one female in a separate container and after some time some fry will appear in the aquarium, which, as they grow, can be transferred to a common aquarium.

With good conditions in the aquarium, the red cap can live up to 15 years.

Oranda - fish with a hat

The oranda red cap belongs to the decorative selection form from the goldfish of the carp family, the main distinguishing feature of which is the outstanding fatty growth of red color on the head. Its removal takes origins in Japan, the fifteenth century. According to Japanese beauty standards, it is customary to believe that the larger and brighter the growth on the head of a fish, the more beautiful it is.



The aquarian red cap is a helmet-shaped variety of artificially bred fish, differs from other similar species by an unpaired dorsal fin. Other helm-like rocks have no dorsal fin. The remaining fins of the fish are forked hanging, including the caudal, in length from 70% of the whole oranda body. In the most valuable specimens of the red cap, the tail resembles a skirt-like form, as in a veiltail. The tail should not be fork-shaped, which indicates marriage in the breed. In length, adults reach 16–24 cm.

The body is egg-shaped and short. The fins are translucent and elongated. By sex, fish is difficult to distinguish. Males are smaller than females; during the prespawning period, white specks appear on their heads.

There are various versions of this fish, among which white fishes are especially beautiful, whose heads are decorated with a red cap. Black, blue and chocolate varieties are also known. The black fish is painted completely black with its hat. You can often find a golden orange and calico. By the nature of these creatures are pretty sweet and gentle, in need of accurate and caring content. Good and high-quality care will allow you to enjoy the company of Orange under 15 years.


Most often this fish is kept in ponds and pools in the warm season. But with the onset of cold snaps, be sure to move the red cap to the home aquarium of 100 liters. With an insufficient amount of free space for swimming in the fish can begin health problems. Proper care of the orande should include constant monitoring of the temperature. The optimum temperature should not fall below 18 ° C and be more than 24 ° C in the aquarium, otherwise its famous cap may disappear. In order not to cause disease of the fish, it is best to ensure a temperature of 20-22 ° C. Optimum rigidity 12-16 °, acidity 6-8. Lighting should be bright.

Powerful and large branches of elodea, vallisneria, sagittaria and cabomba are planted as living plants. It is advisable to strengthen the roots of plants by pressing them with flat stones or plant them in pots. In the tank with this voracious fish you will need a powerful filter and an aerator. Weekly need to change 1/4 of the volume of water. The soil in the aquarium is chosen light and rounded so that these aquarium fish do not damage their delicate fins and eyes. Well suited large river sand. Decor objects are also selected without sharp ends and edges.



Aquarium oranges are omnivorous, have a large and constant appetite. Young fish need to be fed 2 times a day, adults 1 time. A sign of overfeeding is swimming on the side of the fish. After that, you should put an orange on a unloading diet, reduce the dose of food or give it a little starve. From plant foods, fish feed on chopped lettuce, spinach and pieces of vegetables. They also use dry food, flakes and specialized additives for goldfish or for cold-water ornamental fish.


It is best to keep an orande with your kindred or other peace-loving neighbors. Even the smallest neighbors like cockerels, mollies and swordsmen are able to offend these tender fish.


The aquarium red cap becomes sexually mature by 1.5 years. For breeding individuals are selected from 2 years. Orange breeding is best done in springtime, when the female's abdomen begins to fill with caviar, and the males stay at the egg deposit. You will need a capacity of 50 liters with a temperature of 23 ° -24 ° C. The female and a pair of males are pre-seated for weeks 2 and fed with live food. In spawning stack smooth substrate, protective mesh and plants. Early in the morning spawning begins and lasts for several hours. The number of eggs depends on the health and maturity of the female, usually these prolific fish throw from 2 thousand eggs.

After spawning producers need to be removed. It is also necessary to examine the eggs and remove turbid and whitish. The incubation period lasts 2-3 days. Live feed is the starting food for swimming fry. As they mature, the fry are sorted to avoid eating smaller and weaker fish. Fry are also fed with rotifers and special goldfish feeds. Fry are born with yellow caps and grow slowly. To achieve a red tint on the cap can be special feed to improve the color and the introduction of coloring injections.



A sensitive and slow red cap can be attacked by neighbors and damage its fins. If water parameters are incorrect, fins may begin to rot. At low temperatures and overpopulation of the aquarium, white grains may appear on the body of an orange, meaning signs of ichthyophthyriosis disease. With poor aeration and excessive dirt in the tank, poisoning and death of the fish can occur.

Little Red Riding Hood is an unusual and colorful fish for any aquarium. Its soft temper and cute appearance distinguish this breed from other forms of goldfish and add interest to it from many aquarists.

Oranda - goldfish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Carassius gibelio forma auratus Goldfish Oranda

Order, family: Carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 20-22 C.

Ph: 5,0- 8,0.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.

Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (ternii, speckled catfish, etc.), but it is better to keep in the species aquarium.

Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from the sellers of pet stores) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the "Goldfish" nibbled and left a lot of "kakul". So, THIS IS NOT TRUE !!! He himself repeatedly turned on such fish and at the moment one of the aquariums is busy with them ... there is no dirt - I spend the easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be frightened sellers tales !!! Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of "kakulyami", bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmos kyuli), and other orderlies from the aquarium !!!

It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation - do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.


Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.

There are numerous variations of the color of orange: calico, chocolate, red and red and white, black.

These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding - the key to success is the balance of the feed. Fish subject to intestinal diseases.

For the maintenance of orande need a spacious aquarium with clean water without impurities. Neighbors should not be active and even more aggressive fish - barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.

Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 20-22 C, aquarium water hardness 6-18, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.

The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in the aquarium it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Beautiful photo of Orande - goldfish

Popular video about the goldfish Oranda

Problems with the fish red cap


in order to contain a fish with such an active metabolism as a goldfish (a red cap is one of them), in an aquarium (and especially as small as yours) there must be a filter and many living plants. thermostat goldfish in general to anything, because they are cold. in the warm water, the processes of decomposition of the waste occur quickly, and there is little oxygen in the warm water, so it is not surprising that these fish die at you, you create poor living conditions for them.


When you buy these fish, wash the aquarium ... or ... I have 6 neons in my tank, 2 black mollies and 1 guppy ... 2 mollies and guppies always terrorize my neons, their (neon) saves only their number ... maybe the fact is that do you have a lot of mollies in an aquarium ?? ? They are noisy such, and can kill other fish after all.

Natalia A.

Firstly, before planting fish in an aquarium, it is necessary to procure it and properly transfer the fish to "its" water, secondly, in the 55 liter aquarium you can only keep one goldfish, for the others there is no place and in the third these are cold-water fish similar, I mean karasevym. And henceforth, before buying fish, one should read literature about them, study the conditions of detention and compatibility with other fish.In addition to the thermostat, these fish need a powerful filtration and good aeration, t to shit a lot and are demanding for oxygen.

How to care for such a fish? What is it called ?? ? What is it called?

And I

Oranda Little Red Riding Hood (Tancho Oranda).
Carp family (Cyprinidae).
* Oranda red cap is a selection form of goldfish.
The red cap oranda has a slightly oblong ovoid-shaped body. By its appearance, the fish resembles a voilehvosta. Dorsal fin high, anal and caudal double, freely hanging. The head of the orange is small with a well-developed fatty growth of bright red color, covering everything except for eyes and mouth. The more “hat” a fish has, the more valuable this individual is considered. The body and fins of orande are painted white. In length, the red cap can reach 23 cm. Life expectancy in an aquarium depends on the conditions of detention and can reach 15 years.
* Oranda Little Red Riding Hood is a peace-loving and calm fish. In the general aquarium, it can be maintained together with non-aggressive species of fish.
Oranda Little Red Riding Hood Video.

Levon batoyan

this is oranda goldfish
Oranda is one of the varieties of goldfish, it was first discovered in 1590, when Red Cap Oranda (Red cap Oranda goldfish) first appeared and is one of the most popular species of goldfish.
In general, Oranda rarely meets accepted standards among goldfish. In fact, “high quality” of Orande should have a body with a width that is approximately 66% of its length. All fins, except the spinal, should be paired, and the tail - split into two halves. In addition, Orande should not have fork fins, although so far they are found by many and this gives out a low quality fish. The goldfish with a short tail used to be attributed to Oranda too, but now with new standards this is not correct. The tail of a thoroughbred Orande must be equal to at least 75% of the length of the whole body. It is also worth noting that this fish should have a well-developed and beautiful "red cap" on its head.
There are two main color types of Orande - Metallic (Metallic) and Calico (Calico). Caliko has bluish color spots on his body. And the body of Orande Metallic glitters with silver light and can be of different shades.
Adult Oranda can reach 15-18 cm. This fish is more demanding on temperature than its other cousins, and will not withstand water temperatures below 18 ° C. Therefore, always check your thermometer and heater in the aquarium. The ideal water temperature for it should be 18-22 C.
It is best to keep a small group of these fish in an aquarium (of course, if the size of the aquarium allows). It is desirable that the aquarium was not very densely planted with aquarium plants, because they will need free space for swimming. Oranda will delight to eat all the food that you offer her. You can even include vegetables in her diet.
It is not very difficult to get offspring from Orande, but very rarely all the fry are of the required high quality. Normally, it is difficult to distinguish the male from the female, but usually the males are smaller and thinner. But during the mating season, you can immediately see the sex differences - the male's head becomes covered with white spots (consider the coloring carefully, so as not to confuse this color with the disease). The period of lowering the temperature, which follows immediately after its increase, helps to quickly push the fish to spawn.


Good conditions for your Golden Fisherman - aquarium with a capacity of 120-150 liters;
- an external canister filter with a capacity of 3-4 volumes of aquarium per hour or an internal multisection filter with the possibility of using special fillers;
- additional aeration with compressor;
- the presence of living plants in sufficient quantities;
- diverse feeding (vegetable, live and dry feed) with a mandatory unloading day 1 time per week);
- water changes 1 time a week for 25 - 30% of the volume of the aquarium.
Under such conditions, again, problems with the maintenance of fish should not arise. Population - based on the ratio of 40 liters of water per adult fish.

Gold fish. Difference male from female. Courtship.