Oranda - Red Hat
Who among us in childhood didn’t want to catch a wish-fulfilling Goldfish? And to get it at home? Having matured, it became clear that the dream is easy to fulfill, and it is easier to settle a goldfish in an aquarium. True, it does not build a house for you, like a magic one, but it can become a fabulous decoration for it.
Oranda red cap will be a great embodiment of a dream into reality. From its fabulous prototype, it is distinguished only by a small wen of red color on its head, from which it got its name.
Goldfish have always been popular with aquarists around the world, and the red cap is a popular type of it. She is not just beautiful, she is defiantly beautiful.
This fish appeared as a result of selection and was bred in China. And the delicate, elegant taste of Oriental masters is beyond doubt, and the fish turned out to be a match for him.
The swollen, oblong body of an ovoid shape is compensated for by luxurious long fins and tail, developing as a train dress woven from the finest Chinese silk.
The similarity of the shape of the body and the fins with the tail tail gave rise to the rumor that these two species are relatives. Perhaps this is so. However, their main difference in the red growth that covers the entire surface of the head, except the eyes.
Body color can be varied: chocolate, black, red, red and black, but most often white and gold. Particularly advantageous with the red hat of the fish looks exactly the white color of the scales. White-red combination is always winning and most memorable. Take, for example, carp koi. By the way, the oranda also belongs to the carp family.
Difference male from female
The sexual characteristics of these fish are weakly expressed, and it is unlikely to determine the sex of a particular individual with an absolute guarantee before spawning. Males, as a rule, are slightly smaller than females, and during the reproduction period white specks appear on their heads.
Orands are long-lived and, with proper maintenance, live in an aquarium for up to 15 years, growing to 24 cm.
Compatibility with other fish
Peaceful nature allows you to get along with any neighbors, except for aggressive species of fish, for example, cichlids, barbs, gourami, etc.
Little Red Riding Hood easily converges with small, so-called fodder fish, for example, with guppies, swordtails, mollies and others, since by nature it is not a predator.
There is an opinion that these fish were dirty because of their love for food.
Yes, the fish is really a big lover of food, but it does not pollute the aquarium as much as they often say, frightening, sellers of pet stores. Regular cleaning every two weeks is enough for their maintenance.
Otherwise, if you still have doubts about their cleanliness, it is recommended to have a catfish, which perfectly copes with the role of aquarium orderly.
Conditions of detention
Aquarium. Based on the size to which the fish can grow, an aquarium for its comfortable living should be chosen with a volume of 50 liters per 1 individual. The more animals, the larger should be the aquarium.
Registration. You should not clutter the space with plants, stones, snags and other ornaments, as the fish prefers space for free swimming.
Bottom. It should be borne in mind that Oranda is a lover of digging in the ground, so it is better to cover the bottom of the aquarium with river sand or fine gravel. There should be no large or sharp stones, as the animal can easily get hurt.
Vegetation. Preference is given to plants with a strong root system. If the roots are weak, they must be hidden deep in the ground. It is best to choose hard-leaved representatives of the flora, such as sagittaria, fern, microsorum, tsiperus, etc.
Water temperature should be 16-24 ° C, pH 5-8, gH 6-18. Strong aeration and filtration is mandatory, as there will always be food residues in the water, as well as a weekly replacement of of the water.
Oranges prefer food of plant origin: finely chopped lettuce or spinach. You can give dry food in the form of flakes. They do not disdain and live food, for example, moth.
Since the fish are voracious, the main thing is to follow the feeding regime and not overfeed.
Once a day they give food to adults, and twice to young animals. Here the principle works: it is better to underfeed, than to overfeed.
Pubertal Oranda reaches 1.5 years of its life. For spawning a separate aquarium from 50 liters is required, in which for 1-2 weeks the producers are transplanted - one female and a couple or three males.
Sand is used as a soil in which several small-leaved bushes are planted. Future parents are fed abundantly (again, not to overeating) with various foods.
Spawning lasts 3-4 hours in the morning. Immediately after it, adults are removed from the aquarium.
You should inspect the deferred caviar and remove from it cloudy or whitish eggs. On the fifth day, the larvae appear, and after another 2-3 days the fry begin their independent journey into life.
In the first days of their life, babies should be fed with live dust or special foods, which are sold in pet stores in an assortment. As they grow, the young are transferred to a common aquarium.
Oranda red cap - revived children's dream of a goldfish. The main thing to remember is that it will not fulfill your desires for you. It is useless to shout when something does not work: “Hey, hey, Golden Fish! What are you? Don't you hear that?”, As Vovka from the Tridentity Kingdom shouted. Remember what that wonderful cartoon ended and move on.
Video about the golden red fish aquarium red cap:
Goldfish with a red cap
Oranda red cap - it is from a variety of breeding derived forms of goldfish. According to some orana was known in Japan in the 15th century. With the shape of her body, she resembles a veil tail. The same oblong body ovoid shape, long luxurious fins. On a small head there is a bright large fatty growth that covers the whole head of the fish, with the exception of the eyes and mouth.
The bigger and brighter the growth is, the more valuable and beautiful the fish is. The body and fins are painted white, the “cap” has a bright red-orange color. Gold varieties of color are found in this way when the fish is completely colored in a rich orange color. Like most representatives of the Karpovye detachment, the oranda can be quite large in size (up to 23 centimeters). In aquariums, life expectancy is on average 15 years.
Content and nutrition
Little Red Riding Hood is peaceful and not aggressive, like a golden fish or any of its varieties. One fish requires an aquarium volume of 50 liters. It is better to prepare for it an aquarium of 100 liters or more and place several individuals in it.
When decorating the aquarium should avoid the ground with sharp edges and potentially traumatic decor. Active fish can easily damage your tender fat growth or just get hurt. Like all cyprinids, Oranda will actively dig up the ground, so when choosing it, it is better to stop at coarse sand or pebbles. For the same reason, aquarium plants (ideal for saggitarius, elodea, bean or vallisneria) should be placed in decorative pots, and not rooted in the ground - otherwise they will soon be ruthlessly dug out.
For comfortable maintenance, powerful aeration and water filtration is necessary, the fish is very sensitive to oxygen levels. The necessary conditions are water parameters: hardness - 6 - 80, pH 7.0; temperature - 16 - 24 C. It is necessary to avoid overheating of the water, this may lead to premature death of aquarium pets.
In the care of the aquarium should include weekly water changes up to 25% of the total volume of the aquarium. In matters of nutrition, the aquarium pet is not demanding, vegetable food, such as lettuce leaves or spinach, scalded with boiling water and finely chopped is a favorite dish for these fish. It can also be fed with live food (for example, bloodworms) or artificial substitutes.
See how elegant a goldfish swims.
Sexual maturity in these fish occurs between the ages of 1.5 and 2 years. For breeding you need to prepare a special aquarium, the so-called spawning. Its volume should be about 30 liters, with a large number of small-leaved plants. Sand should be used as a primer. Before spawning, selected future parents (2–3 males and 1 female) are kept separately for some time.
Spawning usually begins in the early morning and can last for several hours. After spawning, producers need to be removed from the aquarium and inspect the eggs. All white, unfertilized eggs should also be removed from the aquarium.
Larvae hatch on 4-5 days. After another 2 - 3 days, they can already eat and swim. The optimal feed for fry is the so-called "live dust". Care and conditions of keeping fry does not differ from conditions for adult fish.
Compatible with other fish
Little Red Riding Hood is a very peace-loving fish, calm and imposing, you should select the same non-aggressive neighbors for your company. Otherwise, the aquarium beauty can easily lose its luxurious fins and bright hats, because it is clumsy and is easy prey for even a small predator. Ideal neighbors are all peaceful fish, such as guppies, swordtails, neons, danios, terntions, and so on. Other varieties of goldfish are also great, such as shubunkin, a comet, a telescope, water eyes, a veil of a tail, a celestial eye, or a pearl. It is important to prevent overpopulation of the aquarium, do not forget about the need to allocate for each fish 40 - 50 liters of volume.
When buying, pay attention to the age of the fish, the purity of its scales (there should be no white bloom, red spots and sores), the length and condition of its fins (bruises or white dots or spots should also not be), its activity and behavior, and also on the proportions of the body. When detecting plaque or stains, we recommend refraining from buying fish from this aquarium, even if they look healthy. The individual must be harmoniously folded, active, with clean scales and fins. It is recommended to buy fish in large stores, where they are under the scrutiny of qualified vendors.
Look at these beauties in the aquarium.
Under all conditions, a bright and unusual Oranda will delight you with its appearance and wonderful appetite for about 15 years. These fish decorated the palaces and ponds of the Japanese emperors. The history of breeding has more than one century. But despite this noble origin - this rather unpretentious pet is a good choice for amateur hobbyists.
See also: How to choose an aquarium for fighting cockerels.
Oranda - fish with a hat
The oranda red cap belongs to the decorative selection form from the goldfish of the carp family, the main distinguishing feature of which is the outstanding fatty growth of red color on the head. Its removal takes origins in Japan, the fifteenth century. According to Japanese beauty standards, it is customary to believe that the larger and brighter the growth on the head of a fish, the more beautiful it is.White
The aquarian red cap is a helmet-shaped variety of artificially bred fish, differs from other similar species by an unpaired dorsal fin. Other helm-like rocks have no dorsal fin. The remaining fins of the fish are forked hanging, including the caudal, in length from 70% of the whole oranda body. In the most valuable specimens of the red cap, the tail resembles a skirt-like form, as in a veiltail. The tail should not be fork-shaped, which indicates marriage in the breed. In length, adults reach 16–24 cm.
The body is egg-shaped and short. The fins are translucent and elongated. By sex, fish is difficult to distinguish. Males are smaller than females; during the prespawning period, white specks appear on their heads.
There are various versions of this fish, among which white fishes are especially beautiful, whose heads are decorated with a red cap. Black, blue and chocolate varieties are also known. The black fish is painted completely black with its hat. You can often find a golden orange and calico. By the nature of these creatures are pretty sweet and gentle, in need of accurate and caring content. Good and high-quality care will allow you to enjoy the company of Orange under 15 years.
Most often this fish is kept in ponds and pools in the warm season. But with the onset of cold snaps, be sure to move the red cap to the home aquarium of 100 liters. With an insufficient amount of free space for swimming in the fish can begin health problems. Proper care of the orande should include constant monitoring of the temperature. The optimum temperature should not fall below 18 ° C and be more than 24 ° C in the aquarium, otherwise its famous cap may disappear. In order not to cause disease of the fish, it is best to ensure a temperature of 20-22 ° C. Optimum rigidity 12-16 °, acidity 6-8. Lighting should be bright.
Powerful and large branches of elodea, vallisneria, sagittaria and cabomba are planted as living plants. It is advisable to strengthen the roots of plants by pressing them with flat stones or plant them in pots. In the tank with this voracious fish you will need a powerful filter and an aerator. Weekly need to change 1/4 of the volume of water. The soil in the aquarium is chosen light and rounded so that these aquarium fish do not damage their delicate fins and eyes. Well suited large river sand. Decor objects are also selected without sharp ends and edges.Gold
Aquarium oranges are omnivorous, have a large and constant appetite. Young fish need to be fed 2 times a day, adults 1 time. A sign of overfeeding is swimming on the side of the fish. After that, you should put an orange on a unloading diet, reduce the dose of food or give it a little starve. From plant foods, fish feed on chopped lettuce, spinach and pieces of vegetables. They also use dry food, flakes and specialized additives for goldfish or for cold-water ornamental fish.
It is best to keep an orande with your kindred or other peace-loving neighbors. Even the smallest neighbors like cockerels, mollies and swordsmen are able to offend these tender fish.
The aquarium red cap becomes sexually mature by 1.5 years. For breeding individuals are selected from 2 years. Orange breeding is best done in springtime, when the female's abdomen begins to fill with caviar, and the males stay at the egg deposit. You will need a capacity of 50 liters with a temperature of 23 ° -24 ° C. The female and a pair of males are pre-seated for weeks 2 and fed with live food. In spawning stack smooth substrate, protective mesh and plants. Early in the morning spawning begins and lasts for several hours. The number of eggs depends on the health and maturity of the female, usually these prolific fish throw from 2 thousand eggs.
After spawning producers need to be removed. It is also necessary to examine the eggs and remove turbid and whitish. The incubation period lasts 2-3 days. Live feed is the starting food for swimming fry. As they mature, the fry are sorted to avoid eating smaller and weaker fish. Fry are also fed with rotifers and special goldfish feeds. Fry are born with yellow caps and grow slowly. To achieve a red tint on the cap can be special feed to improve the color and the introduction of coloring injections.Black
A sensitive and slow red cap can be attacked by neighbors and damage its fins. If water parameters are incorrect, fins may begin to rot. At low temperatures and overpopulation of the aquarium, white grains may appear on the body of an orange, meaning signs of ichthyophthyriosis disease. With poor aeration and excessive dirt in the tank, poisoning and death of the fish can occur.
Little Red Riding Hood is an unusual and colorful fish for any aquarium. Its soft temper and cute appearance distinguish this breed from other forms of goldfish and add interest to it from many aquarists.
Features of the "red cap" fish :: aquarium fish red caps :: Aquarium fish
Features fish "little red hat"
Even in antiquity in Japan was known a variety of aquarium fish oranda, which is also called the red cap. This fish belongs to the helmet-shaped selection of goldfish. Body ovoid, length - up to 23 centimeters. The fish received its name for the fatty growth that is located on its head. The more she has a growth on her head, the more valuable the fish is.
Little Red Riding Hood is an aquarium fish, it is rather gentle and capricious. The ideal temperature for it is 18-24 degrees. Oranda is a clumsy and big fish, so in a tank of 100 liters you need to keep one pair of individuals. Fish easily gets on with non-aggressive neighbors.
Red caps can be fed with live food or vegetable supplements, substitutes. If Oranda feels uncomfortable (she is hungry or cold), then the cap on her head can simply disappear.
From plants it is better to choose elodeyu, kabombu, valisneria.Refuse sharp stones - the fish can get hurt. As a substrate, use coarse sand or pebbles, this species of fish loves to rummage in the soil.
Install a powerful aeration and biofilter in the aquarium, because the red cap is sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water. Weekly do a water change of 25% of the total.
Year two fish becomes mature. For breeding orande, otsadite several males and one fish female in a separate container, after some time the fry will appear - they should be transferred to one aquarium as they grow.
Little Red Riding Hood lives up to 15 years in good conditions.
How to care for the red cap and what fish is compatible with
Caring for Goldfish: (The Little Red Riding Hood is a type of Golden Fish and it can and should be held only with oneself and other somki somiki such as Goldenis, Ancistrus, Crayfish, Tarakatum)
An aquarium is needed for these small fish (50 liters of water for 1 fish, excluding its tail fin). Soil is desirable from gravel and large pebbles. Goldfish love to dig in the ground and dig up plants. Because of this, it becomes necessary to have quite powerful filters with very strong aeration (very sensitive to the lack of oxygen in the water) and plant vegetation with a very strong root system.
Water temperature for Goldfish with a long body is desirable from 15 to 25 ° C, and with a short one a little more from 22 to 28 ° C.
The veil species of these fish are quite peaceful creatures and do not bite off the fins of other inhabitants of the aquarium. When you keep at home fish with big eyes, you need to consider that there should not be sharp shells and stones in the aquarium, which individuals can hurt. This type of fish is a bit blind and slow. Usually they do not have enough speed to eat their share of food.
Goldfish eat different foods intended for aquarium fish. As a live food, you can give them earthworms and bloodworms (preferably frozen). From dry foods suitable oatmeal and semolina, white bread and seafood. Can eat meat balls from minced meat. So that these Golden Crucians do not eat around the vegetation in the aquarium, they should be given nettle or lettuce as well, they love Ryaska, Riccia, and Wolfia. It is worth considering that these fishes are very voracious, but it is not recommended to overfeed them. If you overfeed them, the fish will become barren or die. They need to give food to teenagers 1-2 times a day, and adults 1 time, 1 day a week should be hungry (not to feed) the food should be completely eaten in 2 maximum 5 minutes.