Red parrot fish


Red Three Hybrid Parrot - A Child of Human Hands

The red parrot (born blood parrot cichlid) is an unusual aquarium fish that is bred artificially and is not found in nature. It is characterized by a barrel-shaped body, large lips folding into a triangular mouth and a bright, uniform color. In English-speaking countries, it is called Red Parrot Cichlid, we still have a three-hybrid parrot.
Do not confuse it with another cichlid, a small and bright fish, Pelvicachromis pulcher (Pelvicachromis pulcher), which is also called the parrot.

Cichlids do not differ intelligibility in partners, and create pairs with similar ones, and with other types of cichlids. This feature made it possible to get a lot of hybrids from different species of fish. Not all of them are successful, some do not shine with color, others after such crossing become fruitless themselves. But there are exceptions ...

One of the most famous and popular fish in an aquarium is a three-fold parrot, the fruit of artificial crossing. The horn flower is also a child of the genetics and perseverance of Malaysian aquarists. It is unclear from what cichlids this fish came out, then apparently a mixture of cichlids from Central and South America.
Red fish parrot aquarium will be a wonderful acquisition for lovers of large, visible fish. They are shy, and should not be kept with large, aggressive cichlids. They love aquariums with a lot of shelters, rocks, pots, which retire in fright.

Habitat in nature

The red parrot (Red Parrot Cichlid) is not found in nature, it is the fruit of genetics and aquarist experiments. Their homeland in Taiwan, where they were bred in 1964, is not without the cichlazoma of severum and cichlasoma labiatum.

Although it’s worthwhile to display such hybrids (and there is still a flower horn), there is still controversy, animal lovers are concerned that they have flaws with respect to other fish. The fish has a small mouth, a strange shape. This affects the food, in addition, it is difficult for him to resist fish with a large mouth. Spinal deformities, and swim bladder, affect the ability to swim. Of course, such hybrids are not able to survive in nature, only in an aquarium.


The red parrot has a round, barrel-shaped body. At the same time, the fish is about 20 cm in size. According to various sources, life expectancy is more than 10 years. Surely we can say that they live for a long time, more than 7 years, since he himself was a witness. Would have lived longer, but died from the disease.
He has a small mouth and small fins. The unusual shape of the body is caused by deformations in the spine, which led to a change in the swim bladder and, like a swimmer, the red parrot is not strong and even clumsy. And they are sometimes removed tail fin, because of what the fish resembles a heart, and is called a parrot heart. As you understand, grace does not add to them.

The color is often uniform - red, orange, yellow. But since the fish are artificially bred, they are doing what they want with it. Draw on it hearts, stripes, symbols. Yes, in the literal sense they paint on them, that is, they apply paint with the help of chemical agents. Classic aquarists it jars, but once people buy, then it will do. Actively fed with dyes and the fry is bright, noticeable, sold. Only after a while he turns pale, changes color and disappoints the owner. Well, various hybrids, color variations, albinos, and more.

Difficulty in content

The red parrot fish is unpretentious and suitable for beginners. Because of their mouth shape, they have difficulty with certain feeds, but special foods are available that float first and then slowly sink to the bottom. After feeding there is a lot of waste, so get ready for cleaning in the aquarium.


What to feed red parrots? They eat any food: live, frozen, artificial, but because of the shape of the mouth, not all food is convenient for them to pick up. Prefer sinking granules, floating granules. Most owners call bloodworms and artemia as favorite foods, but familiar aquarists fed only artificial, and quite successfully. It is preferable to give artificial foods that enhance the color of the fish. They are suitable for all large feed, from shrimp and mussels to worm.

Content in an aquarium

The aquarium for the red parrot should be spacious (from 200 liters or more) and with plenty of shelter, as the fish is shy. The first time you will not see her, as soon as someone enters the room, they instantly hide in accessible shelters. In my practice, the addiction took about a year of time, after which the parrots stopped hiding. Do not put shelter is also not an option, as this will lead to constant stress and illness of fish.

So you need pots, castles, caves, coconuts and other shelters. Like all cichlids, red parrots love to dig in the ground, so choose a not too large fraction. Accordingly, an external filter is needed, as well as weekly water changes, about 20% of the volume of the aquarium.

As the parameters of the content of red parrots are very unpretentious, the water temperature is 24-27C, acidity around pH7, hardness 2-25 dGH.

Compatible with other fish

Who gets along with? It must be remembered that this is though timid, but still cichlid, and not small. So all the small fish she perceives as food. Keep it with the same size fish, and if it is cichlids, it is not aggressive - cichlasm meek, Nicaraguan tsikhlazoy, akara bluish-spotted, scalar. However, in my practice, they got along with the horn flower, but then, as luck would have it, they may well score parrots. Tetras are also suitable: mettinis, congo, tetragonopterus and carp: barb denison, Sumatran barb, curvy barb.

Gender differences

The female from the male in the red parrot can be distinguished only during spawning.


Although red fish parrots regularly lay eggs in the aquarium, but mostly it is barren. Sometimes, there are successful cases of reproduction, but most often with other, excellent fish, and even then, children get colorless, ugly ... Like other cichlids, they look after caviar very earnestly, but gradually caviar turns white, becomes covered by fungus and parents eat it. All the fish that we sell is imported from Asia.

The content of parrot fish

Red parrots are cichlids, but cichlids are unusual. They have all the positive qualities of tsikhlovykh - intelligence, interesting behavior, bright appearance, but lacks the disadvantages peculiar to cichlids - aggressiveness, sullen appearance and increased demands on the conditions of detention. Here we will talk about how parrots appeared and what they require care.

These fish look like cartoon characters - bright color, unusual body shape, sweet, cheeky face with a completely non-fishy expression. You look at them and think: this is what a miracle nature has created! But the miracle in this case was created not by nature, but by the efforts of Asian breeders who obtained this hybrid by crossing two or three types of tsihlaz.

The exact number and names of the parent species are unknown, because they are a jealously guarded commercial secret. Various aquarists have and there is evidence that someone allegedly even managed to repeat this crossing and get red parrots, but all of the representatives of these fish, sold in our pet stores and bird markets, are imported from South-East Asia.

Varieties of the shape and color of red parrots

The main color of these fish - monochromatic bright orange or red. It may fade with time, but in this case, to restore it, it is enough to add carotene-rich food to the fish ration (we will tell about this in more detail in the corresponding section of the article). Less common albino fish or lemon-yellow color.

All other various colors - crimson, purple, blue, blue, green - obtained by artificially chemical staining of fish, they are unstable, besides fish subjected to this procedure, lose their immunity and are more susceptible to diseases. What can we say about tattooed fish, on the bodies of which different patterns are drawn with special injections? You should not buy such fish in any case, since many of them become infected during coloring and then die rather quickly. In addition, the demand for such animals creates supply and provokes their producers to disfigure and cripple all new batches of fish.

In addition to monochromatic colors, there are natural spotted - marble and panda (white with black spots), as well as a colorful diamond or pearl, obtained by crossing red parrots with another type of cychlase. Sometimes black spots unexpectedly appear in monochromatic fish. As a rule, this is a reaction to stress, and after the disturbance factor is removed, the color is restored.

In addition to coloring, red parrots differ in the shape of their bodies and fins. Here are the following varieties:

  • in love with a heart - without a tail fin, the body is shaped like a Valentine;
  • unicorn - with an outgrowth at the base of the head;
  • King Kong - heavily weighted fish with fatty growth on the forehead;
  • red fortune - with elongated upper and ventral fins and a very large outgrowth on the forehead;
  • red bar - with a nearly disk-shaped body.

In a word, working with red parrots, breeders did not limit the flight of their imagination. Such a rich set of deformities, seemingly cute to a person, except for the parrots, except goldfish.

Behavior and Compatibility

Watching the red parrots, sometimes you begin to doubt that their ancestors were only fish, and there were not, for example, dogs. These creatures recognize their masters and happily meet them from work, beg for food and liven up if they see that the owner has opened the fridge to get them food. And how do they care for partners and scare rivals, build nests and take care of caviar! It is simply impossible to break away from the aquarium.

If we ignore the enthusiastic lyrics, then it should be noted that the red parrots are not very active and fast due to the structure of their body, are quite peaceful and livable, but nevertheless show territoriality from time to time. Therefore, it is better to keep the parrots either in pairs (male and female), or in groups of at least 5-6 individuals, so that the dominant pair does not terrorize the rest of the fish, and be sure to equip shelters.

If a novice enters an aquarium with an established group of fish, it is better to place it on the first day in water in a special plexiglass jar so that the old-timers cannot offend it and at the same time get used to it. Another option is to temporarily limit for a new fish a part of the aquarium with a wall with holes, this will also save it from the attack of other fish and allow it to master a part of the territory.

Another characteristic of red parrots is their fearfulness. Once in the new aquarium, they can shy and hide for two or three months. In some cases, the presence of not too large active neighbors helps - seeing that other fish swim and feed calmly, parrots also become bolder.

Parrots can share an aquarium with most fish, the main thing is that the neighbors are not too small and do not fit in their mouths.

Aquarium equipment and water parameters

Like many hybrids, the red parrots manifest such a phenomenon as heterosis - an increase in viability compared with the parent species. Due to this, parrots have excellent health and immunity, tolerate some deviations from optimal conditions of maintenance, so they can be recommended to beginner aquarists.

The main requirement for the maintenance of red parrots - a spacious aquarium of 150 liters per pair. Since the red parrot is a large, corpulent fish (usually 10-15 cm in size, but can grow up to 25 cm), it is also very voracious, in smaller aquariums the concentration of fish waste in the water will be too high, which can lead to poisoning. In addition, the fish will not have enough space for swimming, and for aquarium fish movement is life. Although parrots are considered to be strong and tenacious, in a thirty-liter aquarium a pair of such fish will not last long, despite all the assurances of illiterate or dishonest sellers.

Water parameters:

  • temperature 26-28 ° C;
  • stiffness - optimal 5-7 °, allowable 2-25 °;
  • pH 6.5-7.5;
  • the content of nitrogen compounds is ammonia / ammonium - 0, nitrites - 0, nitrates - no more than 30 mg / l.

In an aquarium, powerful filtration and aeration are required.

Lighting parrots prefer moderate, from 0.25 to 0.5 watts per liter, the most advantageous color looks by the light of the lamps of the red spectrum.

The size of the soil fraction does not matter much; the main thing is that the particles do not have sharp edges and cannot injure the fish.

Live plants are very desirable. Red parrots, unlike other tsikhlovyh, plants usually do not spoil, but to plant the latter is better along the back and side walls of the aquarium, so as not to take up space for swimming. In addition, during the spawning period, fish actively dig nests in the ground, and all the plants that hinder them ruthlessly dig up. But since the pits are usually made in the same places, the plants can simply be transplanted to another part of the aquarium, where they will be safe and sound.

These may be shards, grottoes and coconut shell halves, but it is best to place several long, curved snags in the water closer to the back wall of the aquarium and interlace them with each other in the form of a maze, thus creating a whole system of walkways and caves where you can to hide.


One of the cute deformities of the red parrot is a very small mouth that opens only vertically at a small angle. Some sources indicate that because of the structure of the mouth, a parrot is doomed to starvation if it does not receive special small pellets produced as feed specifically for this species. Such a statement seems somewhat exaggerated. I have never met a red parrot, dying of hunger due to the absence of these pellets. Moreover, feeding only dry food is harmful to them just like any other fish, although as part of the diet, specialized food Red Parrot is very desirable.

Red parrots - rare gluttons who eat almost any dry food with pleasure (for example, they are repeatedly seen for stealing slightly soaked catfish flakes), like chopped fish and shrimp, live or frozen bloodworm, chopped vegetable food - peas, zucchini, red pepper . The latter, like red fish and shrimps, contains a large amount of carotenoids, which enhance the brightness of the color of these fish. Therefore, such products must be present in the diet necessarily.

They feed red parrots once or twice a day in small portions. In the evening, you need to feed well before turning off the light in the aquarium, while it is necessary to ensure that everything is eaten, otherwise in the morning the fish may finish off yesterday’s already spoiled food and get poisoned. Once a week, a fasting day is arranged.


Because of their hybrid origin, the males of this species are sterile and cannot fertilize the eggs, respectively, the reproduction of red parrots is impossible. But despite this, they form pairs, arrange marriage games, build nests, lay eggs, and heavily protect them, fanning them with fins. After a few days, all the caviar turns white and eaten by the parents.

Sometimes females of red parrots form pairs with males of other species of cichlids (for example, a diamond cichlid), and in some cases they manage to get quite viable offspring, which, however, does not look like parrots.

Diseases of red parrots

As mentioned above, due to heterosis, red parrots have excellent health and strong immunity and do not get sick in good conditions, and when they become ill, they can be treated successfully.

They most often have the following diseases:

  1. Ichthyophthyriosis (semolina). This is generally one of the most common diseases of aquarium fish, caused by ciliates. The body and fins of a diseased fish are covered with white tubercles the size of a semolina. It must be said that the red parrots that came from Asia and have not been quarantined sometimes have a tropical, fulminant form of this disease, from which fish die literally within a few hours, so treatment should begin immediately after the symptoms are detected.
  2. Hexamitosis. Called flagellates, affecting the intestines of fish. Symptoms are whitish mucous excrement, refusal to feed or spit it, and then the appearance of small fossae-ulcers on the fish's head.


A common problem is also the poisoning of red parrots with nitrogen compounds, usually ammonia, due to improper start-up of the aquarium or too high density of fish landing. At the same time, the fins of the fish redden or blacken and get a shredded look, the fish begin to choke, therefore they keep in the filter stream or at the surface of the water with the gills sticking out of the gills. To help them in this case, you can frequent (several times a day) water changes. Между подменами в воду вносят перекись водорода, марганцовку, метиленовый синий или специализированные аквариумные препараты типа Антиаммиак.

Эти проблемы и болезни обойдут ваших попугаев стороной, если они будут содержаться по всем правилам, которые не так уж сложны. In a large, well-equipped and neglected aquarium with clean water, these fish have a bird's name, a cartoon-like appearance and dog habits for a long time - and parrots live to 10 years! - they will bring you only joy.

Video story about the content of parrot fish:

Who do parrots get along with?

Parrot fish, or red parrot (Red Parrot) - a representative of the Cichlow family. It is a hybrid of aquarium fish, which appeared as a result of the selection of two representatives of Tsichlids. In 1991, the fish became the property of the first aquariums. Its production has increased, with time it received the name "red parrot".

The history of creating a hybrid carefully classified, however, this applies to many fish, artificially bred. There is a version that the Red Parrot is a descendant of several South American Cichlovas, as a result of triple crossing. Asian breeders strictly protect the right to the maintenance of this fish. The red parrot can interbreed and bring offspring, but very few people managed to see their eggs.

Aquarium parrot fish has an unusual body color. Thanks to him, she is popular among breeders and lovers. All the pet shops and aquariums in the world do not deny themselves the pleasure of settling this wonderful creature. In Russia, a red parrot appeared in the 90s of the twentieth century.

Main characteristics

The red parrot is one of the most popular tsikhlovyh. Why he got this name is unknown. Most likely, such a name appeared because of the unusual shape of the head, resembling the beak of a parrot and because of the bright color of the body. As a hybrid offspring, it has a certain anatomical deviation - it opens its mouth vertically only at a small angle, so grabbing food sometimes causes difficulties.

Fish coloring is artificial, although sellers are not always ready to admit it. How does the saturation of color, no one tells. Rumor has it that Western breeders recommend banning its production. Despite all the prohibitions and prejudices, this creature was loved by many aquarium owners.

See how a parrot swims in an aquarium.

The red parrot is a peaceful and unpretentious creature. In an aquarium, it can grow up to 15 cm in length. A beginner aquarist can keep it apart from all other fish, as well as with other fish. Although she is an “artificial” child, even such a fish has good health, strong endurance and vigor. In captivity lives 10 years.

When buying parrot fish, you can choose any body color: red, purple, yellow, blue, green or orange. Sometimes there are "exotic" colors resembling the color of tsihlazom and cancer. With age, the color of the parrots fades, so you should add food with keratin to the diet, contributing to the saturation of body color.

How to keep red parrots in an aquarium

Aquarium parrot fish can live in a water tank, both separately and with other fish. Compatibility with the rest of the underwater world has been studied in detail, so you should remember only the general parameters of water for all, the conditions of feeding and the list of fish with which it will peacefully coexist.

Red parrots are funny, playful, moving fish, there should be enough space in the dwelling for movement. Choose an aquarium of at least 200 liters for one individual. If you are going to push neighbors to them, then you can choose a container with a volume of 800 liters. Create an undercurrent, it is familiar to all tsikhlovyh.

Water parameters for all residents of the general aquarium should be as follows: temperature 22-26 degrees, acidity 6.5-7.6 pH, dH 6-15. Water is recommended to saturate with oxygen, aeration is important. Replace ½ part water with fresh water weekly. The red parrot must live in a spacious aquarium, because of its jumping ability, it may inadvertently jump out of the water, close the tank with a lid.

Aquarium plants are not required in large quantities, but if they are, then keep in mind that many twisted nests will appear in the water.

Check out the recommendations on the compatibility of parrots with other fish.

By launching an adult into a prepared water tank, she will hide for fear in a shelter for several weeks, and will eventually get used to the new house and neighbors. It is curious that the young fish poorly adapts to the parrots, with whom it did not grow together. Immediately get 4-6 fry that are already "familiar."

Due to the calm nature of the fish can live in water with medium fish. Compatibility is likely with predators and peace-loving species.

It’s better not to settle with small species (guppies, neons, microassemblies, danios, catfish) - the red parrot will swallow them. Recommendations for settling parrots with other fish in the common nursery:

  1. The best neighbors for parrot fish are labo, arovanas, black knives, South American cichlids, medium catfish, large barbs, fish of the Kharatsin family.
  2. Do not move them with fish that constantly require shelter.
  3. Move active, fast-swimming fish with them.
  4. Do not move shrimps and small crustaceans with them.
  5. Optimal shelters for all fish in a common container - large coconut grottoes, dense algae, medium pebbles and stone caves.
  6. In order to avoid the disease of all fish, constantly maintain the purity of the aquarium and monitor the water parameters.
  7. The red parrot swims in the lower layers of water, during the spawning period the males become more aggressive, so choose fish swimming in the upper layers of the aquarium as cohabitants.
  8. Do not settle snails with them - they gnaw through the shell, swallowing the fragments.

What to feed parrots

Red parrots are very voracious fish, they eat almost everything that the owner will give. Small fish are swallowed, the algae gnaw ... What to feed to satisfy their appetite? Living in a tank with fish, instantly taken away from those food. Ideal food - bloodworm, koretra, meat, floating pellets, fish and shrimp.

Pet shops sell feeds for cichlids, live food can be alternated with it. Due to excessive overeating, the animal may die, so feed it in moderate portions.

Scalar compatibility

Disputes continue to this day as far as compatibility of parrots with scalars is possible, as there have been cases of attacks on these fish and peaceful coexistence. Angelfish prefer to hide in algae, and parrots love to feel their plates, inadvertently damaging the fish. Once "tasted" by the scalar, this creature will not stop, and will touch the rest.

There were examples when parrots got along in the redistribution of one "communal apartment", but its volume should be at least 200 liters. During spawning of fish, parrots drive the angelfish into the far corner, holding them there. Since the angelfish are slow, the parrots can bite off their fins. If you have no other choice but to settle them together, then build comfortable shelters for everyone.

For parrots fit fish fast, similar sizes. If you follow all the recommendations, your aquarium will turn into a friendly nursery, life in which will become a real idyll for each fish.

See also: Cichlids - rules of keeping in home aquariums

Cichlid aquarium parrots

Parrot fish, or red parrot (Red Parrot Cichlid) - a very popular aquarium fish, a representative of the family Tsichlovye. Parrot fish is a hybrid species, which was bred by the selection method. In the early 90s of the twentieth century, scientists from Taiwan obtained fry from crossing different cichdids (Cichlasoma synspillum and Cichlasoma citrinellum). It is possible that even three species of cichlids from South America took part in the crossing.

The exact origin of the hybrid is unknown to this day - the secret is protected with the aim of heating up some commercial interest in the direction of aquarists. Every year the number of artificially bred fish increases, because they have turned out beautiful, bright fish, but the content of which requires patience, and the care of special knowledge and some training.

Description of fish

Parrot fish - peaceful tsikhlovaya. It does not have a natural habitat, it has not been officially discovered and described by natural scientists, therefore there is no Latin name for the species, only the production name in English is Red Parrot (red parrot). This cichlid got its name due to the saturated color of the body. The texture of the head visually resembles a parrot beak. However, some characteristics of the anatomical structure of fish are associated with physical abnormalities that are inherent in many hybrids. Such deviations sometimes lead to death. Firstly, the fish is barren, and secondly, it has a very unusual mouth opening vertically at a small angle.

Watch a video with a story about a parrot fish.

Parrots are different in that they are not so easy to feed them: the wrong mouth can cause a pet to die of starvation. Suppliers admit that the motley, bright color, which aquarium parrots own - not real, but artificial, that's just how one manages to get richness, was kept secret. Parrots are mysterious ornamental fish, therefore humane aquarists are not satisfied with this approach to breeding - they demand to prohibit the sale of this hybrid.

The red parrot is a cute aquarium fish, whose length in an aquarium reaches 15 cm. In the absence of serious deviations, it can live peacefully in a home aquarium, pleasing the eyes of all family members. The content is easy, but requires familiarization with the features of the species. Despite congenital defects, the red cichlid is energetic, enduring, and in good health.

Parrots will be the real pearls of any aquarium thanks to a special color. Body color can be red, blue, cream, purple, yellow, orange, green and so on. There are mixed, “wild” colors like natural cichlids. With age, the body color fades, so the fish is fed with special foods enriched with carotene (for red scales).

How to keep parrot fish in an aquarium

The red parrot is an enthusiastic small fish that has the strength to stay active and mobile throughout the day. Fish maintenance requires a spacious aquarium with free swimming space: at least 200 liters of cubic. It is recommended to build a pump over, all cichl like undercurrent.

Proper care of an aquarium parrot implies maintaining the permissible parameters of the aquatic environment: temperatures of 23-26 degrees Celsius, pH 6.5-7.5 pH. Aquatic parrots prefer oxygenated water, for which quality aeration is assumed. Once a week you need to update half of the water tank, change some of the old water to fresh. The red parrot is jumping enough, so that the tank should be covered with a lid so that the fish would not be behind the "house".

In order to care for the fish was useful for her, you should not plant many decorations in the aquarium. Many cichlids are indifferent to them, because they themselves are not averse to building something new in the form of a nest.

The red parrot can coexist with peaceful large fish, and some predators. Tsikhlovaya fish are not averse to eat small fish (neon, gracilis), so this hooking should be avoided. The red parrot has a small mouth, and can accidentally swallow small aquatic pets. It is recommended to keep with arvanas, labo, black knives, middle South American cichlids, medium and large catfish, haracin and large barbs. The parrot is a peaceful fish, so there will be no attack on the listed neighbors.

You can feed a bright pet with live, dry food, floating pellets. He likes bloodworms. The red parrot gets used to people: after dating, it waits for its owner, happily circling in front of the front glass. With a good content, tsikhlovaya red fish live for 10 years. Binds to a person, it is easy to tame.

Look at the feeding of red parrots.

Is breeding possible?

The males of this fish are not able to give offspring due to sterility, but when the water temperature rises above 25 degrees, the breeding instinct wakes up. They are beginning to actively build nests, dig for soil, dig holes in it, as a result, the bottom will change significantly, and it will be similar to relief structures. Of course, the males and females of the parrots form couples and families, are attached to each other, however, the males are not able to fertilize the deferred eggs. All caviar floats unviable as a result of imitation of spawning. Rasvodchiki claim that the fry of these fish have a gray-black body color, by the age of 5 months they are “repainted” in a bright orange color. Perhaps in the future, lovers of these unusual and mysterious fish will learn more about its origin, but for now you need to enjoy its stay in the domestic underwater world.

Parrot fish content breeding video description

How to keep parrot fish in an aquarium

The red parrot is an enthusiastic small fish that has the strength to stay active and mobile throughout the day. Fish maintenance requires a spacious aquarium with free swimming space: at least 200 liters of cubic. It is recommended to build a pump over, all cichl like undercurrent.

Proper care of an aquarium parrot implies maintaining the permissible parameters of the aquatic environment: temperatures of 23-26 degrees Celsius, pH 6.5-7.5 pH. Aquatic parrots prefer oxygenated water, for which quality aeration is assumed. Once a week you need to update half of the water tank, change some of the old water to fresh. The red parrot is jumping enough, so that the tank should be covered with a lid so that the fish would not be behind the "house".

In order to care for the fish was useful for her, you should not plant many decorations in the aquarium. Many cichlids are indifferent to them, since they themselves are not averse to building something new in the form of a nest. The red parrot can coexist with peaceful large fish, as well as with some predators. Tsikhlovaya fish are not averse to eat small fish (neon, gracilis), so this hooking should be avoided. The red parrot has a small mouth, and can accidentally swallow small aquatic pets.

It is recommended to keep with arvanas, labo, black knives, middle South American cichlids, medium and large catfish, haracin and large barbs. The parrot is a peaceful fish, so there will be no attack on the listed neighbors.


It is not found in the wild, it was bred artificially in 1986 by gradually crossing several species of South American cichlids.



The parrot fish has a rounded massive body shape with a pronounced head and a small mouth. The shape is similar to the structure of the beak in parrots. In some cases, some fish mouths are not closed or with this there are difficulties, this feature is the cost of selection. Awkwardness can also be attributed to them, the overweight body makes smoothness of movements difficult, but on the other hand, it can be considered as another highlight of this type.
Color predominantly yellow, orange or red, less common are other colors (purple, gray, pink, etc.). Wide fins are usually painted in body color.


Use all types of dry industrial feed and meat products. Protein supplements stimulate color and are more desirable than charming in the diet. It is recommended to purchase specialized food, taking into account the characteristics of parrot fish, and eliminating the aquarist from the additional trouble in the preparation of food. Not all food will be eaten, be sure to remove leftovers to prevent water pollution.


With good conditions of maintenance, the reproduction of parrots is possible without special efforts, they often spawn in the general aquarium. The main thing is to feed them vigorously with live food, you will see how they pick up color and start preparing for spawning. As a rule, the female becomes the initiator of reproduction, which, bending, trembling all over, shows the best colors to the male. True, if it happens in the general aquarium, then the couple becomes aggressive and the neighbors can get a good grip.

You can often see a pair of parrots scrub cover, throwing garbage and soil from it. As soon as everything is brought to the desired purity, the couple lays eggs in the shelter, as a rule, these are 200-300 eggs. From now on, and before the fry can swim freely, the female remains in shelter, and the male guards her (remember, they can beat the neighbors mercilessly).


The rate of development of the fry depends on the temperature. At a temperature of 29C, the fry will fully develop and float within a week. You need to look closely, as it is dark, and on the background of the ground is completely invisible, and at the command of the female fry instantly hide. However, it is easy to understand that they swam, as soon as the female swims out of the shelter, it means already.
4 months young:

Fry can be fed with nautilia of Artemia, very crushed flakes, or liquid fry feeds. In addition, the parents grind in the mouth of the bloodworm and spit it out in the middle of the bevy with fry, which looks funny. You need to feed several times a day, and the bottom siphon with water changes at such moments is very important. Таким образом, вы не даете накопиться отходам, которые гниют и отравляют мальков.За мальками присматривают оба родителя, но иногда они начинают драться, в таких случаях одного из цихлид-попугайчиков нужно отсадить.
В течение двух-четырех недель, мальки достигнут размеров в 5 мм и их можно отделить от родителей. С этого момента крибенсис готовы к новому нересту, и их снова можно отсаживать в отдельный аквариум.


Wonderful aquarium bird

The parrot fish is a species of fish from the cichlidae group of perciformes, which belongs to the aquarium hybrids, artificially derived. The aquarium parrot fish went through a series of crosses, and in 1991, after a long research process, the species red parrot was bred. These interesting cichlids conquer the hearts of aquarists with insane speed and enjoy wide popularity due to their interesting appearance and habits. Simple care, peaceful nature and good compatibility with many fish give them a great advantage over other cichlids.


Parrots have an oblong and high body, compressed on the sides. The most popular species of aquarium parrots is red parrot. A dark streak runs along his body. The fins on the abdomen are colored bright red and the back is dark. Parrot fishes have one anatomical feature, which often leads to their death. Fish have a head that resembles a beak in structure, which causes difficulties with the process of eating food. Their small mouth also opens vertically at a low angle. Often, parrots die from starvation.

Parrot females are distinguished by their smaller size, but greater body weight, as well as by a different structure of the fins. The dorsal fin is highlighted by a golden frame and has several spots on the tip, while the caudal fin is chopped off and also has spots. Aquarium parrots can reach sizes in captivity up to 15 cm. And how much these fish live in an aquarium depends directly on their living conditions. Parrots usually live for up to 10 years if they are properly cared for. The red parrot can recognize the owner and show it with its twisting movements on the front wall. In addition to the red parrot fish are also in other colors, there are orange, yellow, purple, green parrots.


Parrot aquarium fish are playful and inquisitive in nature, lively and live happily with their relatives. To provide them with comfortable conditions, you need a large and spacious aquarium of 200 liters with a top lid so that the fish do not jump out of it. A filter simulating the flow is highly recommended in the tank, since in nature cichlids live in running water. The main water parameters: temperature 22-26 ° C, hardness 6-7.5 °, acidity 6. Parrot fish will also need powerful aeration, since the water must be rich in oxygen. A third of the volume of water should be replaced regularly. Dirty water can lead to the appearance of the disease in the form of the appearance of dark spots on their body.

The red parrot is not picky about the presence of live vegetation in an aquarium, but likes to build nests on its own, digging holes and thereby changing the bottom landscape. Lighting should be diffused, the soil in the form of small or medium pebbles. Proper maintenance of parrots should mainly involve a sufficient number of shelters for all the fish.


The red parrot is not capricious in the diet, loves to eat live food in the form of moth and small dry food. In order to avoid fading, the scales of the parrot must be fed with a special food containing carotene, which contributes to the acquisition of a reddish color to maintain the brightness of the color of the body of the fish. Feed the parrots should be several times a day in small doses and supplement their diet with herbal supplements, vegetables and bread. But do not overdo it with overfeeding these voracious fish, so as not to pollute the water. The remains of food can rot, and the fish will eat it anyway, which will lead to fish disease.


Reproduction in the aquarium conditions of parrots has not yet been crowned with success, no matter how favorable the parameters are created or how experienced aquarists try. The males of parrots are sterile and unable to reproduce offspring. However, it is enough for the fish to change the water parameters a little so that they instinctively begin to prepare their breeding by starting the construction of nests. Aquarium fish pits in the ground and change the surface of the aquarium bottom.

It is very interesting to observe the process of nuptial games of parrots, after which sometimes females can lay eggs, which will remain unfertilized. However, some specialized firms engaged in breeding these fish say that the hatched fry are gray-black in color and become colored by 5 months. At the moment, Western aquarists are fighting to stop the reproduction of these fish by artificial means.


Aquatic parrots have a peaceful nature and have good compatibility with many fish. The red parrot used to stay in the lower layer of water, so it is best to pick up its neighbors fish swimming in the upper level of the aquarium to avoid conflicts. Especially it concerns the period of their spawning, when males start to show excessive aggression.

However, it is better to sit in the neighbors not quite small fish such as neon and gracilis, which they can accidentally swallow despite their small mouth. It is not recommended to move the slow moving fish. The red parrot has optimum compatibility with large catfish, arvanoy, medium-sized cichlids, labo, black knife fish, large barbs and haracin.


Diseases caused by external infections are not as dangerous for parrots as their own, which are not so easy to diagnose and treat. Dark spots on the body may indicate poor water quality, after which you need to replace the water and siphonit soil. If the red parrot lies on the bottom or swims poorly, it is a sign of poisoning or overeating. Usually, these diseases are provoked by the fact that the fish do not eat the food immediately, but can be taken over almost a day later, as a result of which poisoning occurs. These diseases are treated by jigging fish into a separate aquarium with high-quality aeration and dissolve metronidazole and methylene blue in water.

The appearance of white spots and grains on this cichlid's body indicates the onset of the disease ichthyophthyriosis, which is treated with a special medicine and at the same time changes the water to clean and increases its temperature not above 28 ° C.

Parrot fish can perfectly decorate any aquarium, giving the owner great pleasure with his amusing behavior and curiosity. They do not need painstaking care, it is enough to observe proper feeding and ensure the correct composition of water. Small fish live together with other peaceful neighbors and do not cause their extraordinary trouble in the aquarium.

Parrot fish: beautiful and unpretentious fish

Wanting to have their own aquarium, many users pay attention to the bright and beautiful inhabitants of the water - these are parrots. Incredibly, individuals were bred only a little more than 20 years ago in Taiwan, and today they are considered to be one of the most popular and unpretentious pets.

Parrot fish: what they are

Before you get new inhabitants of the aquarium, you need to understand their types, types, characteristics of the content and other nuances. Certainly, the parrot is one of the best representatives of the water home world. This is a unique pet with a bright color, lively character and very funny manners. It is noteworthy that for the breeding of the species, it took breeders several years and cross-breeding of fish from the order of South American type cichlids. It was from them that the "sea elf" got the color brightness and the funny characteristic "beak."

In the family of parrot fish, 10 genera and more than 100 species are distinguished. But only some of them are known and more common:

  • Red parrot The individual grows up to 25 cm, the color is predominantly red in combination with yellow, a distinctive feature is the beak, sometimes supplemented with sharp incisors and canines protruding to the outside. It is important that this fish changes its color several times as it matures. Natural loneliness in coral reefs does not affect good neighborly relations in the aquarium. By the way, it is the red parrot that is the most favorite inhabitant of beginning aquarists and the photos of fish can often be seen on sites. The pet's nighttime rest is especially interesting - the fish at night creates itself a cocoon in the form of a cover made of mucus and prefers to sleep protected from all external influences.
  • Scar. Small representatives of the species, growing to 19 cm and having more than 50 species. The most famous are: dark, striped-bruised, Red Sea and guacamayia. The natural habitat is a coral reef, where fish feed on mollusks and some species of coral. But do not worry, aquarium parrots - Skara well belong to a variety of traditional food.
  • The green shish-thorn is an amazing representative of the fish family. To begin with, this “Petrovsky grenadier” grows to 100 cm or more, and the weight is also considerable - from 40 kg, such photos are often found on websites. But this all refers to the natural existence, aquarium representatives are much smaller, although here it will look like a "gulliver" among all the other inhabitants. And do not forget that any quarrel of a green parrot with another pet can end in tears: using your forehead as a ram, the companion literally knocks the enemy "off his feet", very skillfully attacking.

Of course, there is a parrot fish of other colors and colors: red, pearl, with a purple hue. Also there are representatives with various types of beaks. And if you had the idea to start a couple of persons in your tank, you should think about the nature of other inhabitants, so as not to create unnecessary problems.

Character traits: who do parrots live with?

Immediately, we note that these scaly friends are distinguished by tranquility and peacefulness. But there are some points in the content of individuals necessary to create a normal environment for other pets.

  1. Nimble or calm fish that like to rake ground and disdain vegetation are the best friends of aquarium parrots.
  2. Angelfish - a problem may arise with them. A red parrot or another species mercilessly plucks algae where the scalar loves to hide. And after eating the twigs, the individual can pay attention to the neighbor herself, who is unlikely to enjoy the snooty nature of the "sea elf". Although in life there are examples of the normal coexistence of all types of fish, however, the aquarium should be at least 200 liters.
  3. Small fish - the subject of special "adoration." The parrot fish will definitely try the little one on a tooth, without even noticing this fact. Therefore, if your friends are scaly friends less than 5 cm long, you do not need to tempt fate, get two aquariums.

Content Features

Playful disposition, great mobility, a tendency to attack, intelligence and cunning - all this is aquarium parrot fish. Want to settle a couple at home, take care of a spacious aquarium, at least 180-200 liters. The natural conditions of pets are in the coral reefs, so the pump is an indispensable element of an artificial "lake", without which your "sea elves" will not be able to eat and feel normal.

Optimum temperature + 22-26 C, hardness not more than 7.5 pH. A prerequisite is the saturation of water with oxygen. Constant aeration is necessary; parrot fish can only live in running water. Replacing at least half the volume of the aquarium once a week is law. And cover the aquarium with a net, as from a small vessel your fish can easily jump out.

The maintenance of the fish does not require a special design of the aquarium, parrots are very unpretentious to the presence of special plants and other nuances. But the soil and small stones at the bottom should be, pets love poking around in their beaks, tearing bottom sediments. It is also important to remember that a parrot fish, and especially a red parrot, is distinguished by an irrepressible love for building nests. Looking at the photo, you will see how the night cocoons look, which then surely will appear in your aquarium.

So the rules to consider are:

  1. It is not necessary to combine in a single vessel the fish that use shelters;
  2. Slow representatives of the species will be subject to constant attacks from the "sea elf";
  3. A layer of pebbles up to 5 cm thick, densely growing algae, stone or coconut caverns is a necessary element of filling;
  4. Regular water changes, filling with air, cleaning the aquarium, this is what the red parrot or any other representative of this species requires.

What to feed

If the maintenance of pets requires some effort, then eating a red parrot is completely unpretentious, like pearl, scara, and other species. Feeding occurs several times a day in small portions. Believe me, in a few days your companions will begin to swim up to the edge of the aquarium as soon as you arrive with food in your hands. What to give? Yes anything: bloodworms, granules, bread, herbal supplements, vegetables. These water dwellers are excellent in the menu of dry and live food.

With a properly formulated diet, good care and the implementation of all necessary procedures, the inhabitants of the southern waters will live with you for up to 10 years. And they will give incomparable pleasure from communication and observation of these lively and clever representatives of sea fish.

Get to know the fish closer:

Aquarium fish - Red Parrot

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Aquarium fish = Red parrot!

Red parrot (parrot fish) - an artificially derived species of aquarium fish.

The method of obtaining this mutation is kept secret. Chinese aquarium fish breeders are trying to continue to maintain a monopoly on this species. Presumably, this is the result of triple crossing of fish from the family of tsikhlaz.

The red parrot is barren, although a couple of these fish are trying to lay eggs.

For fry, apparently, it is necessary to repeat the process of crossing.

The fry of the red parrot are gray-black, but by about 5 months they acquire a bright orange-pink color.

On the territory of the former USSR, this fish became famous in the 90s of the XX century.

Since this hybrid has various anatomical deformities, a question arises on the ethics of creating and breeding a red parrot.

In addition to infertility, one of the obvious and often fatal abnormalities is his mouth, which opens to a very small angle vertically.

This greatly complicates the feeding of the red parrot and often leads to starvation of the fish.

Many western cichlid breeding enthusiasts in aquariums are calling for a complete ban on this hybrid.

Area: Parrot fish arrives in our country from Southeast Asia, mainly from Singapore.
Sizes of parrot fish: When the content in the aquarium red parrot grows up to 10-15cm.

Fish color varies greatly, the most common orange and yellow forms.

There is also a "wild" color - similar to that of some tsikhlazom and cancer.

Bright red, purple and crimson parrots eventually turn into an orange shape.

The color of the parrot fish is noticeably improved when fed with specialized foods rich in carotene to enhance the red color.

The content of parrot fish: Aquarium with a capacity of 200 liters with free space for swimming.

It is desirable to create a current with the help of a pump, since fish in nature live in flowing bodies of water.

Hardness 5-7 ° (up to 20 °), pH 6.5-7.5, water temperature 22-26 ° С. Water change up to 50% weekly.

Mandatory aeration. Aquarium, especially if it is small, should be closed from the top, because fish can jump out.

Feeding parrot fish: In feeding, parrots are picky - they consume any live food and most quality dry food.

The best food for them is bloodworms and floating pellets.

Breeding: the parrot has no analogues in nature; this species of fish is obtained by artificial insemination from several species of American and African cichlids.
Compatibility: Red parrots get along well with almost any fish, except the smallest ones - despite their peaceful nature and small mouth, they catch fish and swallow small fish, such as young neons or gracilis, relatively easily.

The best partners for parrots are labo, black knives, arovanas, small and medium South American cichlids, medium and large catfish, large fish, large barbs.
Additional information: in the aquarium live up to 10 years.


Red Parrot or Parrot Fish (Red Parrot Cichlid)

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Red Parrot or Parrot Fish (Red Parrot Cichlid)