Goldfish: content at home
Goldfish, which marked the beginning of aquarism as such, are now, unfortunately, out of fashion. Professionals consider it uninteresting and not worthy of attention, and only a few connoisseurs and experts of this type remain. Therefore, the lot of most cinchons is kindergarten or hospital aquariums with plastic plants or a short life in a beautiful glass given to a person for the holiday, far from fish problems. Let us treat this beauty with the respect and interest that she deserves, and see what is necessary for her for a long and happy life near us.
How demanding are goldfish to conditions?
Opinions on this score are opposite. Some believe that this is a patient, practically unkillable, fish that survives in any conditions, suitable for beginners and people who do not want to invest in the aquarium a lot of effort and money. Others, on the contrary, argue that the content of gold must comply with a number of fairly tough conditions, and they are no doubt right. A goldfish should not be started by someone who is not ready to make efforts for its comfortable existence. And the most important condition for the maintenance of these fish is an aquarium of a sufficiently large volume.
Volume and shape of the aquarium
In Soviet literature of the last century in aquariums it is indicated that one goldfish should have 1.5-2 dm3 of water surface, or 7-15 liters of aquarium volume (15 liters per fish is considered to be a small landing density). This data migrated and in some modern tutorials. However, it should be noted that Soviet books were written about goldfish of domestic breeding, which for many generations lived in aquariums, and as a result of breeding were adapted to such conditions. At the present time, the vast majority of goldfish comes to us from China, Malaysia and Singapore, where they are massively bred in ponds. Accordingly, they are not adapted to life in small volumes of water, and even to a sufficiently spacious aquarium they need to be adapted, and a volume of 15-20 liters means death for them within a few days.
Experts who today work with goldfish brought from Asia have empirically established:The minimum volume of an aquarium for one individual should be about 80 liters; in a smaller volume, an adult fish will simply have nowhere to move. For a couple - 100 l.
In large aquariums (200-250 l), with good filtration and aeration, the density of landing can be slightly increased, so that the volume of water is 35-40 liters per individual. And this is the limit!
Here, opponents of half-empty aquariums usually object that in zoos, for example, goldfish are very densely packed in aquariums and at the same time they feel great. Yes, indeed, this is the specificity of the exhibition aquariums. However, one should keep in mind that behind the frame there are several powerful filters with which this monster is equipped, the most severe schedule of water changes (up to half the volume daily or twice a day), as well as the regular ichthyopathologist veterinarian for whom there is always work.
Regarding the shape of the aquarium, the classical rectangular or with a slight curvature of the front glass is preferred, the length should be approximately twice the height. In the old Soviet literature it was stated that water should not be poured above the level of 30-35 cm, but as practice shows, this is not critical. Goldfish live well in higher aquariums, if they have the appropriate width and length (tall and narrow aquariums - screens and cylinders - are not suitable for keeping gold).
What types of fish are compatible gold?
The answer to this question is unequivocal - the best option would be a specific aquarium where only goldfish live. Moreover, even short-bodied and long-bodied gold lodging is often not recommended together, but representatives of other species of fish are out of the question. Either the neighbors will harass the scones, damaging their eyes and fins, or the neighbors themselves will be uncomfortable, as the aquarium with goldfish is a very peculiar habitat. In addition, small goldfish can simply swallow.
Water parameters, design and equipment of the aquarium
Goldfish comfortable with the following indicators of water:
- temperature 20-23 °, for short-body forms slightly higher, 24-25 °;
- pH of about 7;
- stiffness not lower than 8 °.
The soil in the aquarium should be chosen so that the fish, digging into it, do not choke - its particles should be without sharp, protruding edges and either larger or much smaller than a fish mouth.
In the aquarium with goldfish must certainly be living plants. Consuming nitrogen, they have a positive effect on the ecological balance, are an additional substrate for bacteria performing biofiltration, and also serve as vitamin supplements for fish. Goldfish mercilessly dig in and gnaw plants, but this should not be the reason for refusing to populate the aquarium with lively greens.
Lemongrass, Anubias, cryptocoryne, Alterner, Bacopa, sagittaria, Javanese moss get along well with gold. It is recommended to plant the plants in pots so that the digging does not damage their roots. And as a top dressing, specifically give the fish a duckweed, Riccia, wolf, and a hornpole.
Mandatory good round-the-clock aeration. At a minimum, an aerator on the filter should be turned on; it is better to additionally have a compressor. If the aquarium has a high density of living plants, a powerful light and the supply of carbon dioxide is organized (in such conditions the leaves of the plants should be covered with bubbles of oxygen emitted by them), then the aerator is turned on only for the night.
In the design of the aquarium should not use large objects of decor - snags, grottoes, etc. Goldfish do not need shelter, but the fins of the valehvostoy, telescope eyes, growths about them are easy to injure, besides, shelters occupy the space for swimming.
Filtration and water changes
It is generally recognized that goldfish are a large biological load on an aquarium. Simply put, they are dirty, producing a huge amount of waste. Their habit of constantly rummaging in the ground, raising the dregs, also does not add cleanliness to the aquarium. In addition, goldfish excrement has a mucous consistency, and this mucus pollutes the soil and contributes to its rotting. Accordingly, in order to keep the water clean and transparent, a good round-the-clock filtration system is required.
The filter power should be at least 3-4 volumes of the aquarium per hour. The best option would be a canister external filter. If you can not buy it, and the volume of the aquarium does not exceed 100-120 liters, you can get by the internal filter - always with multiple sections and a compartment for ceramic filler.
Porous ceramics is a substrate for bacteria, which process poisonous ammonia released by fish into nitrites and then into much less toxic nitrates. In addition, the substrates for these bacteria, a stable amount of which is vital for the well-being of the aquarium, are soil and aquatic plants, especially small-leaved ones. Therefore, it is desirable to have a lot of plants, and the soil fraction should not be made too large.
In order for the colonies to not collapse when cleaning the aquarium, some rules must be observed: the filter sponges are washed in the aquarium water (the sponges are washed quite often, about once a week), the siphon of the soil is also weekly, done carefully, without mixing it layers, ceramic fillers for biofilters are always partially changed.
Even with high-quality filtration in an aquarium with goldfish, it is necessary to do weekly from a quarter to a third of the volume of the aquarium, and more often if the density of fish landing is violated. The fishes of this species tolerate fresh water well, so there is no need to defend it for more than a day.
Now that we have dealt with the main, most difficult and costly content of goldfish, we can talk about how and what to feed them.
They are usually fed twice a day, giving the amount of food that fish are able to eat within 3-5 minutes. Dry flakes and granules are recommended to alternate with vegetable food - spinach leaves, lettuce, boiled vegetables and cereals, fruits (orange, kiwi). Sometimes you can feed pieces of meat or liver, as well as frozen motils. It is necessary to take into account that the pellets of dry food should be soaked for 20-30 seconds in aquarium water, and thawed frozen food before giving them to fish. Very useful regular feeding live daphnia, which you can grow at home. In addition, as mentioned above, it is always better to have special food plants in an aquarium. Once a week, fasting days are arranged.
Diseases of goldfish are a subject for a separate article, but here we briefly consider only signs that may indicate that the fish are sick or have severe discomfort:
- loss of appetite;
- lowered dorsal fin;
- bulging scales, red or black spots that quickly appear, ulcers, rashes, mucous or cotton-like plaque;
- distended abdomen and bulging eyes stronger than usual;
- unnatural behavior: the fish stays in the corner of the aquarium for a long time, lies at the bottom, rolling over on its side, or swims near the surface, swallowing air from it;
- rolling over while swimming.
It should be noted that with proper maintenance of health problems in goldfish are quite rare. If you initially create good conditions for these animals (a spacious aquarium with live plants and powerful filtration), then care of them will be available to the beginner or even to the child, and for many years they will delight their owner with bright appearance and funny behavior.
What are goldfish, you can learn from the video:
If an aquarium appeared in the house, the goldfish will most likely be its first inhabitant. Many people mistakenly believe that caring for a goldfish does not require special skills, because it is often bought first. For experienced aquarists, this is really not difficult, but for beginners the fish can live only a few days. Any aquarium fish always requires the preparation and reading of special literature from its owner.
Content of goldfish in an aquarium
The capacity of an aquarium for a goldfish must be at least 50 liters. In such an aquarium, you can settle up to 6 individuals, it is dangerous to settle more - they most likely will not survive due to excessive pollution. You can share your neighbors with goldfish. It may well get along with them scalar, catfish. Before you start an aquarium, familiarize yourself with all possible diseases of goldfish. Knowing the symptoms will help you quickly recognize the disease and save the fish. Here are some basic rules for keeping a goldfish in an aquarium:
- Do not skimp on the "living space". For a goldfish you need a large aquarium. This is more convenient, it is easier to maintain biobalance.
- Buying the right filter. You need to choose an aquarium filter with the ability to pump air. A goldfish needs oxygen-rich water.
- The ideal bottom for keeping fish is gravel. It contains beneficial bacteria. These bacteria consume ammonia and thus lower its level in water. Try to choose coarse gravel, small fish can eat.
- Do not rush to populate a new aquarium. Let the biobalance settle in it. You can run snails and catfish there for a while. They a little "pollute" the aquarium, then the water will be suitable for running the fish.
- Periodically check the following water tests: pH level (it should be 7-8), ammonium level, nitrites and nitrates (up to 40 is considered normal).
- Place a thermometer. Goldfish belongs to tropical species. In cold water, it simply will not survive. The ideal water temperature for goldfish is 21 ° C.
- Change water regularly. For an aquarium of 5-10 liters, it is enough to change 20-30% of water. Doing this once or twice a week is enough. In the new water, you can add a special conditioner. Complete replacement of water can disrupt the biobalance and harm the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Feed the goldfish should be a special feed. Food for goldfish produced in the form of flakes or granules. If you want to pamper your pet, you can add to the diet finely chopped lettuce or pieces of hard-boiled egg. Goldfish do not know the measures in food and overfeeding them is very simple. In order to avoid such troubles, carefully measure the amount of food that the fish managed to eat during the first three minutes of feeding. In the future, do not give her more.
Algae for goldfish
It is best to use artificial plants. From living plants Javanese moss is best suited. Prefer sedge plants with strong and elongated leaves. The wider the sheet, the better. If you decide to keep a goldfish in a small aquarium, it is better to completely abandon the plants or simply use a few artificial decorative elements.
Caring for a goldfish is very scrupulous and difficult only at the beginning. When you learn a little about all the tricks of this business, the eye will delight the beautiful clean aquarium and its well-groomed inhabitants. By the way, in the teaching of feng shui, a goldfish is a symbol of harmony and prosperity. In addition, it is a symbol of material well-being, so take good care of your darling.
Goldfish care and maintenance in an aquarium
We treat a golden fish with special trepidation and tenderness, remembering the well-known fairy tale from childhood. Perhaps that is why it is presented as a gift for birthdays, festive dates, packed in transparent bags, in live wall panels or crystal glasses, forgetting that it is a living creature. Meanwhile, goldfish cares good loves, it needs special conditions for the content. This is a very common and many favorite type of aquarium fish, characterized by bright decorative and large size. It was removed in China, where even in the Middle Ages it was decorated with open artificial reservoirs in the gardens of Chinese emperors and nobles. Until now, there is a special relationship to the goldfish in this country, it is decorated with porcelain dishes, decorative mosaic panels, silk fabrics, etc.
In China, the main representatives of the goldfish species were derived: voiletails, fantails, black, Chinese and calico telescopes, red cap, pearl, red lionhead, etc. The golden-red, bright orange, velvety-black species of this ornamental fish are really an amazing decoration of aquariums.
Content of goldfish in an aquarium
The first thing you need to know when acquiring a gold house is that it needs a sufficiently large spacious aquarium. Experienced aquarists believe that for a comfortable dwelling of one individual, it takes about 40 liters of water. Here we must also take into account that this fish grows to a rather impressive size. Therefore, for the maintenance of several fish, you will need an aquarium that is at least 100 liters in size. In large aquariums, moreover, it is easier to maintain a biological environment useful for its inhabitants, it is necessary to change the water less frequently, and the level of contamination in a large aquarium is much lower, which is important for keeping large aquarium fish.
After acquiring the right size of the aquarium, it is necessary to fill in the soil and fill it with water. For goldfish, the soil in the form of small pebbles is the most suitable, but its fraction should not be too small, otherwise the fish may swallow a pebble. After the aquarium is filled with water, install the equipment. For a goldfish, oxygen dissolved in water is needed, so it is very important to install not only a water filter, but also a compressor that pumps air.
Fishes are launched into the aquarium in a few days, letting the water draw in, saturated with oxygen. Snails can be launched into the aquarium beforehand to create the necessary bio-environment in the water. Goldfish care good loves and appreciate caring for her. In good conditions, these ornamental fish grow large and become amazingly beautiful.
It is very important to feed the goldfish correctly. There is a special food for this type of aquarium fish. You can vary the diet by adding small pieces of boiled egg to the aquarium, but at the same time make sure that the fish eat everything up. The main thing in the diet - to comply with the measure and not to overfeed the fish, remembering that the goldfish - glutton. In order to correctly determine the amount of feed, it is necessary to observe for three minutes during feeding how much fish are eaten, and at subsequent feedings give them exactly the same amount.
Goldfish prefers warm water. The temperature of the water in the aquarium should not be below 23 degrees. Чтобы определять температуру воды, необходим термометр, который опускают на дно аквариума. Конечно же, нужно следить за чистотой воды, собирать со дна остатки жизнедеятельности рыб, как минимум раз в неделю делать замену воды на одну треть от объема аквариума. Золотая рыбка уход такой оценит.
Как определить пол золотой рыбки
В условиях домашнего аквариума можно успешно заниматься разведением золотых рыбок. Пол золотых рыбок определить просто, достаточно внимательно посмотреть на жаберные крышки. In males, they are covered with small white dots, similar to semolina, while females do not have such points.
Who do goldfish get along with in the aquarium
The compatibility of goldfish with other types of fish is one of the necessary conditions for their harmonious life in a home aquarium. From the correct compatibility depends on the health of the fish, behavior, life expectancy. Before determining with which species of fish the content of goldfish is possible, many observations were made that began in the Middle Ages. Since the goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is one of the oldest aquarium pets, compatibility has long been tested, which allows settling it with other fishes without experience.
What affects compatibility?
- Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
- This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
- "Cinderella" love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
- They are omnivorous - they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
- Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
- Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.
See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.
With whom is settlement possible?
Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point - the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C). Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives. Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention. Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.
As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in decorative ponds as an exhibition "exhibit". He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately. As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs, "zolotushki" races. The reason - these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.
Decorative catfish - small corridors and catfish - good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish. However, one has to be careful - catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception. The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.
All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish. However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood - crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed, which was taken for years. The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.
See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.
It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone - and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance - you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences. Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.
Who does not need to settle?
Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for "cinchies". Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat. They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur. But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras - diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.
Labyrinth fish - not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason - labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water. The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the Cinderella with the Ktenopome is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of the water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.
Cichlids - settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive. Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes. Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual. Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.
Aquarium fish - telescopes
Fish telescope - a kind of goldfish, in the wild is not found. As is known, goldfish appeared as a result of selection of wild carp. According to reliable data, the telescope fish was bred in the XVII century in China, from which it came to Japan. The most prominent part of the animal's body is large, bulging eyes located on the sides of the head. Due to the unusual shape of the eye, the fish got its name. Unfortunately, these eyes themselves are very vulnerable in the aquarium, they can be damaged by random objects. For this reason, keeping a pet requires maximum care. Caring for fish imposes some restrictions and rules that help protect its health.
The telescope of the fish has an oval shape, identical with other representatives of the tail specimen. The symmetry of the body is short and wide. The head is large with bulging eyes, lush fins.
Modern razvodchiki sell small telescope fish of different colors and shapes - with short or long fins, red and white flowers, and, of course, black ones. With age, black telescopes change color scales.
The size of telescopes varies on average from 15 to 20 cm within the aquarium. They live in captivity for a long time, about 15 years. Fish living in artificial ponds, can live up to 20 years.
Similar to their relatives, goldfish, telescopes get along in cool water, but they are not recommended to be bred for beginners in aquarism. The point is in the vulnerable eyes, which in addition to the large eyeball, they see almost nothing. Its content is not so simple: you have to look for special food, plants and soil that would not damage the pet's tender body.
On the other hand, caring for telescopes is not difficult if you are extremely careful with them. Like other types of goldfish, they are tolerant of changes in the aquatic environment, can live both in the garden pond and in the glass aquarium. Compatibility is possible with slow, peaceful fish that do not take away their food. It is recommended to settle in spacious aquariums at the rate of 50 liters for 1 fish and more than 150 liters for several individuals. The tank should be safe, without a large number of kryag, sharp objects. They use rounded pebbles of medium size or coarse sand as soil - telescopes like to rummage in the ground. It is important that they do not swallow large parts. Soft plants gnaw, hard-leaved plants - a good choice for their "house".
Watch the video, revealing the features of the content of the fish telescope.
In the aquarium, you should install a powerful external filter that will remove numerous wastes after pets. The flow is important to pass through the flute, as we know, telescopes float badly. Choose wide containers with a large surface area - through it there is a constant gas exchange.
Do not forget about updating 1/5 of the water once a week. Permissible water parameters: temperature 20-23 degrees Celsius, hardness - 5-19 o, acidity - 6.0-8.0 pH. Not particularly sensitive to the conditions of detention, but quality care for them involves clean water and the absence of sharp surfaces.
What to feed?
Aquarium telescopes are unpretentious in feeding: they feed on live, frozen and artificial food. You can give granules, artemia, bloodworm, tubule, daphnia. Due to poor eyesight, they do not always notice the food without eating it. When feeding fish with artificial food, it is possible to ensure maximum saturation, as they find food for a long time at the bottom of the tank. And such feed slowly disintegrates and does not rot.
Who can live in captivity?
Telescopes can be called friendly fish that behave adequately in relation to their neighbors. Compatibility is proven with related species of fish: voile tail, shubunkin, oranda, goldfish. Such cold-loving fish, not aggressive, do not leave behind a lot of waste.
Compatibility is negative with Sumatran barbs, ternets, burbusi denison, tetragonopterus. These fish can intimidate them, tear off their fins.
Admire the bright telescopes.
The reproduction of telescopes is possible in an artificial reservoir in the springtime, when the water is warming. As in the reproduction of goldfish, the female and the male telescope are planted for two weeks in separate aquariums, giving live and artificial food. Before settling in spawning, they are satisfied with the fasting day. Spawning occurs in fresh and softer water with a temperature of 23-25 degrees.
The required spawning volume is 50 liters, a separator grid and several stile-leaved plants are placed there. Usually one female and 2-3 males spawn. The female lays many eggs - more than 2000. Incubation lasts 3-4 days. 5 days after spawning, the larvae will hatch, which will swim in a few days if the water temperature is from 21 to 26 degrees Celsius. The fry are weak and helpless, barely noticeable. Starter feed - live dust. Later you can eat artemia and rotifers. Caring for fry requires constant observation in the spawning aquarium - in order to prevent cannibalism between brothers, large fry should be separated and settled separately from smaller ones.
Comet fish - content in a home aquarium
The comet fish is a bright representative of the carp family. The second name that is often found among aquarists is “golden fish”. This is the most beautiful representative of your aquarium, which, moreover, can perfectly get along with all the peace-loving fish.
The opinion that comet fish are very unscrupulous is controversial. You just need to have a few catfish, which are considered to be the orderlies of aquariums. And you can enjoy the spectacle of the beautiful and graceful representatives of the aquarium fauna. Beautiful photo proof of that.
Comet fish are very beautiful and very unusual in appearance. The body is somewhat elongated and ends with a luxurious forked tail fin, which makes it look like a veiltail. Fin length reaches ¾ of body length. The longer the tail - the more valuable the aquarium fish. The dorsal fin is also well developed.
The color options for fish are varied - from pale yellow with white patches to almost black. The color is affected by:
- illumination of the aquarium;
- the presence of shaded areas;
- the number and variety of algae.
These factors can affect the color shades of the aquarium fish, but it is impossible to change the color drastically.
Several photos will demonstrate the color scheme of "goldfish".
Another factor that influences the value of the cometary fish is the contrast in the color of the body and the fins. The greater the tone difference, the more valuable the copy.
Since the comet is an artificially cultivated ornamental aquarium fish, the only flaw in the experiments is considered to be a slightly swollen abdomen, which, however, does not spoil the appearance of the "golden fish".
Conditions of detention
Comet aquarium fish are very peaceful, albeit fussy. To them in the neighborhood you can choose the same calm and peace-loving relatives. It is necessary to take into account their peculiarity - the ability to "jump out" from the aquarium. Therefore, in the summer, it is possible to keep them in garden ponds, but with good aeration and filtration of water.
Recommended in an aquarium of 50 liters the content of one individual. The most favorable conditions - the capacity of 100 liters for a pair of fish. If you want to increase the number of inhabitants of the home "pond", proportionally increase its volume at the rate of: 50 liters per fish. But the content of more than 10 individuals in the same tank is impractical.
Cleaning in the "fish house" should be carried out at least 3 times a month. The frequency depends on the number of individuals living in the aquarium.
Since cometary fish love to dig the ground, you need to choose small pebbles or coarse sand as a coating. Plants should be with good root system and hard leaves.
Temperature ranges from +15 to + 30 °, but optimal for winter is + 15- + 18º, for summer - + 20- + 23 °. Larger or smaller indicators negatively affect the livelihoods of individuals and their reproduction.
Comet fish breed very well at home. To do this, you need to install a spawning aquarium, and create a favorable microclimate there.
- The spawning tank should be about 20-30 liters.
- The bottom is certainly with sandy soil and small-leaved plants.
- The optimum temperature is 24-26º.
- To stimulate spawning, the water in the aquarium is gradually heated, increasing its performance by 5-10 °.
Usually, one female and two two-year-old males are chosen for spawning. As soon as the temperature in the tank rises to a level that is comfortable for spawning, the males will start actively chasing the female through the aquarium and she will begin to lose eggs all along the perimeter. Males will fertilize the spawn.
Immediately after this, the “parents” must be removed from the spawning farm, otherwise they will eat the hatched fry, which should appear on the third or fourth day after spawning. You can feed them with "live dust" or any other food for the fry of goldfish, which is sold in abundance in pet stores.
The general rules for feeding comets are very simple. And if you do them correctly, then the fauna of your aquarium will long please the eye. Under favorable conditions, fish can live up to 14 years.
Comets are very voracious and if they are saturated enough, this can provoke intestinal diseases. It is imperative to observe the timing of feeding and the amount of feed.
The diet should include live and vegetable food. Its amount should not exceed 3% of fish weight per day. You need to feed twice a day - in the morning and in the evening, preferably in the same time limits. Feeding time ranges from 10 to 20 minutes, after which the remnants of the uneaten food should be removed from the aquarium.
If the nutrition of comets is carried out correctly and fully, they can, if necessary, endure a week-long hunger strike without harm to health.