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Yellow fish

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Labidochromis Yellow, same yellow - content and reproduction

Labidochromis yellow or yellow (Latin Labidochromis caeruleus - hummingbird cichlid) gained its popularity due to its bright yellow color. However, this color is only an option, in nature there are more than a dozen different colors. Yellow belongs to the mbuna genus, consisting of 13 species of fish that live in nature in places with a rocky bottom and are characterized by activity and aggressiveness.
However, the labidochromis hellow favorably differs from other mbuna in that it is the least aggressive among similar fish and can get along with cichlids of different nature. They are not territorial, but may be aggressive to fish of similar color.

Habitat in nature

The yellow labidochromis was first described in 1956. The endemic of Lake Malawi in Africa, and quite widespread in it. Such wide distribution across the lake provided yellowing and various colors, but mostly it is yellow or white. But labidochromis electric yellow is much less common and is found only on the west coast near Nkata Bay, between Charo and Lyons Cove.
Mbuna usually live in places with a stony bottom, at depths of the order of 10-30 meters and rarely swim deeper. Electrician gallow occurs at a depth of about 20 meters.
In nature, they live in pairs or alone. They mainly feed on insects, algae, mollusks, but also eat small fish.

Description

Body shape is typical for African cichlids, squat and elongated. In nature, yellows grow up to 8 cm, but in an aquarium they can be larger, the maximum size is about 10 cm. The average lifespan is 6-10 years.
In nature, various color forms of yellowing are more than a dozen. In the aquarium, as already mentioned, the most popular are yellow and elektrk yellow.

Difficulty in content

Keep them simple enough, and they will be a good choice for an aquarium who wants to try African cichlids. However, they are quite aggressive and are not suitable for general aquariums, only for cichlids. Thus, for them it is necessary to choose the right neighbors and create the necessary conditions. If this is possible, then feed, grow and breed yellowing is a snap.

Feeding

Although in nature the yellow labidochromis feeds predominantly on insects, it is still omnivorous and can eat a variety of food. In the aquarium without any problems eats both artificial and live food. To keep the balance, it is better to feed it in a variety of ways, such as feed for African cichlids and artemia. The crank should be given with caution and in small portions, as fish often die from it.

Content in an aquarium

Like all cichlids, it needs clean water with a low content of ammonia and nitrates. It is advisable to use a powerful external filter, and of course regularly replace often the water and siphon the bottom.
Aquarium for maintenance of 100 liters, but 150-200 will be perfect. Parameters for content: ph: 7.2-8.8, 10 - 20 dGH, water temperature 24-26С.
The decor is typical for cichlids. This is a sandy soil, a lot of stones, koryag, and lack of plants. They spend most of the day in the rocks, looking for food in the crevices, burrows, and shelters.

Compatibility

Yellow can not be called a fish suitable for general aquarium. Although it is not a territorial cichlid and in general it is one of the most peaceful among the mbuna, but it will eat small fish. But in tsikhlidniki, get along well, the only thing you can not keep them with fish similar in color. In any case, the neighbors should be species capable of standing up for themselves and in the aquarium there should be a lot of shelters.

Gender differences

It is possible to determine the sex by size, the male is larger in size, it is more intensely colored during spawning. In addition, the male has a more noticeable black edging on the fins, it is this feature that is decisive in the difference between the male and the female.

Libidohromis Yellow - male and female

Breeding

Yellow labidochromis harbor their eggs in the mouth and are fairly easy to breed. To get a pair, usually buy a few fry and grow them together. They become sexually mature approximately in half a year. The breeding is typical for mbuna, usually the female lays 10 to 20 eggs, which are immediately taken into her mouth. The male fertilizes the eggs, releasing milk, and the female passes them through the mouth and gills.

The female bears eggs in her mouth for 4 weeks and all this time she refuses to feed. At a temperature of 27-28 ° C, the fry appears after 25 days, and at 23-24 ° C after 40 days.
The female continues to care for the fry for a week after releasing them. Feed them should be crushed feed for adult fish, naupiliyu Artemia. The main thing is that in the aquarium there are a lot of small shelters where the adult fish cannot reach.

Labidochromis Yellow: conditions content

As is known, fishes from the cichl family are famous for their unsociable and sometimes aggressive nature. Keep them very, very difficult. But this does not apply to the African cichlid called "labidochromis ellou" or yellow cichlid, which is distinguished by a peaceful and calm disposition.

Habitat in nature

These fish (their usual size does not exceed 8-10 cm) are endemic species. The distribution area is small and limited to the only lake located in East Africa, called Malawi. Small yellow cichlids live there, which are abundant in rocky shores at a depth of no more than 20-30 meters.

Labidochromis hellow is referred to the African species of fish "mbuna", consisting of 13 species, of which only yellow does not show inherent in all tsichlovy aggression. The color of these fish is yellow, but there are also white and pale yellow color variations.

Yellow "Africans" usually do not live in packs; they can be seen either in pairs or individually. Here they are individualists.

The natural diet of the Malawian mbuna includes insects and their larvae, small clams and small fish. They need vitamins necessary for the fish body to eat algae. But still labidochromis are predators. However, like most tsichlovyh.

Appearance

Labidochromis Yellow is also called dwarf cichlid. They were described in detail in 1956. And literally in a few years, the first specimens got into European aquariums as ornamental fish.

Body shape in dwarf cichlids (another name of this species) is typical for members of the family - elongated, streamlined, slightly flattened laterally.

Coloring bright yellow is present in both adult males and females, but in young individuals it is much paler.

Fins all fish have an interesting coloration: a rather wide black band runs along the entire dorsal fin, the pectoral and anal fins also have a black border.

Eyes all fish are deep black; This color is also called anthracite. It is very difficult to distinguish females from males, since there are almost no external gender differences.

Experts distinguish the sex by a more pale color of the abdominal fin in females, as well as by size, since the males are somewhat larger.

There were cases when some male specimens even grew up to 12 cm in an aquarium.

Classification. According to the scientific classification, yellow Malawian cichlids belong to the perciforme order, the cichl family, the genus labidochromis, a species of hummingbird cichlid (Labidochromis caeruleus). Yes, that is how the bright freshwater creatures are called in science.


Content at home

Labidochromis caeruleus is a very popular aquarium fish, and it deserves such popularity not only because of its beauty, but also its calm disposition. This makes it possible to consider the conditions of its content relatively light. The main thing is to maintain the state of the aquatic environment close to the natural conditions of Lake Malawi. These conditions are as follows:

  • optimal temperature range from +24 to +27 degrees;
  • the pH balance is maintained with a slight shift towards alkalinity, but not higher than 8.7 units;
  • hardness in the range of 10-25 degrees (hard water).

Filtration and aeration. Experts recommend paying special attention to the presence of effective and powerful filtering that provides pumping and cleaning of 2-3 volumes of aqua per hour. Strong aeration is as necessary as weekly replacement of 1/3 of the total volume of water in order to neutralize the harmful concentration of nitrogen-containing substances.

Aquarium size has the meaning. The fact is that an artificial reservoir should also in some way mimic the natural biotope and contain grottoes, walls, caves, along with significant free space. Labidochromisam need quite a lot of space for swimming as a pair, as well as individually. They love to hide in the bushes of aquatic plants, so the bush, for example, giant gallium will be quite appropriate.

If you plan to contain several yellow Malawian cichlids, then you need an aquarium with a capacity of at least 120 liters, and shelters should be distributed over the entire area.

Compatibility. It should also be borne in mind that males should be about half as many as females. The experience of the content shows that with a large number of males there may be rivalry between them, reaching a fight. However, there are no lethal battles.

Priming. As a soil substrate is used, as a rule, coarse sand, shell rock, coral or marble chips. However, in a tsikhlidnik without soil plants, this does not matter much as the yellow fish constantly reside in the middle layer of aquarium water.

Lighting - no special requirements; it should be of medium intensity.

Compatibility

If Labidochromis caeruleus is not contained in a cichlid, but in a general aquarium, then neighbors may be other cichlids of Lake Malawi, as well as some soma (synodontis, for example).

We must not forget that we still have to deal with hunters, so if the neighbors of dwarf cichlids are, for example, guppies or neons, they can be quickly eaten.

Nutrition

Although the labidochromis hellow is considered a carnivorous fish, its diet should contain at least 50% plant food.

So what can be used as feed? There is no particular problem in this matter: all branded feeds for cichlids will be suitable, as well as most frozen feeds. It is allowed to give in food and live food: a choke or small bloodworm, but it is not recommended to feed the pipe worker.

From plant food yellow "African" prefer chopped lettuce, dandelion, spinach. A good addition to the usual diet are the leaves of the same vallisneria. Algae on aquarium design fish items will also be happy to eat.

In the process of feeding there is a feature: the fish can not be overfed in any case. Many experts recommend giving one feed half feed. The fact is that abundant feeding often leads to bloating, which can even result in the death of individuals. That is, there is a typical overfeeding.

Breeding

Hummingbird cichlids reach sexual maturity at the age of 7-8 months, reproduction without problems occurs in the general aquarium. The first spawning of young gallows brings little caviar, not more than 8-10 pieces, but the mature female's litter is more - about 30 eggs.

Fertilization of eggs and the entire incubation period (3-4 weeks) occur in the mouth of the female, which is typical of most tsikhlovyh. The female during this period does not eat anything. Quite capable fry are coming out, which, unfortunately, immediately become a potential feed for other fish.

Fry hiding in dense thickets of aquatic vegetation, and if 3-5 fish survive from a single litter, this is good. However, if there is a desire to engage in breeding or breeding "hummingbirds", then reproduction can be organized in a separate spawning ground.

Starting food can be both special food for fry, and shredded food for adult cichlids. Life expectancy of labidochromisov yellow is 7-9 years.

Thus, there are no serious difficulties in maintaining these Malawian cichlids. You just need to pay some attention to their compatibility with other aquarium pets. It is better to keep Labidochromis caeruleus in tsikhlidnik, where they will long please their masters with a bright appearance and calm behavior.

Labidochromis "Yellow" - care, breeding, compatibility, photo and video.

Conditions of detention and care

Labidochromis "Yellow" became loved and popular aquarium fish many, thanks not only to its bright color, but also to its peaceful disposition. Injuries and clashes occurring between members of this species are very rare. Even those engaged in breeding females can be left to live in a colony in a peaceful atmosphere. But if the number of sexually mature males is large, then this can provoke aggression in relations between fish.
Fish comfortable when the water temperature is 24-28 ° C. Hard water with a prepared alkaline medium must have pH values ​​of 7.6-8.6, KN 10-12 and GH 7 or more. Decorative design aquariums should closely match the natural atmosphere of the habitat of cichlids. Rock formations that have a large number of moves for spawning and shelter are perfect for decoration. Free space also requires a lot of space. Marble chips, crushed corals, sand, coarse limestone are excellent as a material for the soil. You can use thickets Vallisneriabecause they perfectly complement the basic vegetarian diet of cichlids. In addition, you can add a little tree to the aquarium, which after a while will grow small algae, also eagerly eaten by fish.
Labidochromis "Yellow" is an omnivorous fish, whose diet is based on algae, plants, snails, insects, mollusks and small crustaceans. Labidochromis has pointed small teeth. They use them as tweezers to extract potential prey from small cracks in the rocks. To feed the fish is best products, which contain a lot of herbal ingredients. For their diet, flaky food on a plant basis, spirulina, live small crustaceans are perfect, they satisfy the main part of the gastronomic needs of these species of fish. From vegetable food is perfect spinach, lettuce, peas.
These fish are very susceptible to bloating of the abdomen, unfortunately, the disease can be cured seriously and often fatally. If the water criteria are not satisfied with the conditions of the fish or with a high protein content in the water, irreversible consequences may occur. It is forbidden to feed the cichlid as a pipe worker and bloodworm. Earlier it was mentioned that the fish love to pinch the algal bloom and gnaw the plants.

BREEDING Labidochromis "Yellow"

This question does not present any difficulty. We can say that reproduction of labidochromis occurs independently - under optimal conditions of housing, spawning often and in the general aquarium. At the same time, even if you didn’t plan to breed a yellow cake, didn’t put any effort into it, they will procreate themselves ... even with aggressive neighbors ... they will survive a couple of fry from time to time.

Such amazing vitality is due to the intelligence of these fish and the evolutionary habits that they have developed over the millennia. We recommend that you definitely watch the movie Animal Planet "African Cichlids", which makes the viewer take a different look at their pets.

In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female labidohromis yellow

The process of spawning at labidochromis is typical.

The male finds a "secluded place", often digs a hole, where the female lays her eggs. After caviar is fertilized and the female incubates it in the mouth for a month (24-40 days). At the end of this period, a completely independent fry are born (10-30 tails). Usually, the female still guards and protects her offspring for another week, and then lets go "free swimming".

FEEDING

Feeding the yellow Labidochromis yellow is an omnivorous fish, the basis of its diet consists of plants, algae, insects, snails, small crustaceans (and their larvae) and mollusks. Labidochromis teeth are small and pointed. They use them as tweezers in order to get their potential prey from small cracks in the rocks. It is best to feed fish with foods high in plant ingredients. Spirulina, vegetable-based flake food, small live crustaceans are good for their diet, all of which can satisfy most of the gastronomic needs of these fish. Pure peas, lettuce and spinach are well suited from plant foods. Labidochromis is very susceptible to bloating, unfortunately, the disease is difficult to treat and is often fatal. If the water criteria do not satisfy the conditions of fish or the water has a high protein content, the consequences may be irreversible. It is strictly forbidden to feed the cichlids with bloodworms and tubers. As mentioned earlier, fish love to nibble plants and pluck algal plaque.

COMPATIBILITY

Labidochromis is known as one of the most peaceful species of cichlids. The aquarium may contain one pair or group of one male and several females. Yellow may be aggressive to species that are similar in body shape and color. Лучшими соседями станут миролюбивые виды группы Мбуна, лампрологусы, аулонокары, сомы-синодонтисы.

ВИДЕО НАРЕЗКА.

Лабидохромис Еллоу содержание и уход!

Аквариумные рыбки лабидохромис еллоу

Рыбки еллоу играются

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