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Fish neon care and maintenance

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Neon fish: care and maintenance

Paracheirodon (lat.) - charming neon fish, peace-loving inhabitants of domestic water bodies, perfectly adjacent to other small breeds of aquarium fish. The flocks of these freshwater pets of the family of haracin plants against a green background of plants look spectacular. Where did these beauties come from in our aquariums, what kind of care they need and how to maintain them correctly - questions are non-trivial and require detailed consideration.

Where do neon aquarists come from?

The taming of miniature beauties happened 80 years ago, when during a water hunt in the Amazonian jungle, a French naturalist discovered miniature brilliant fish in his catch and brought several copies to his homeland.

Auguste Rabo, the very French naturalist who first discovered neons in the Amazon, made a fortune by importing and selling all new specimens of exotic fish. Over time, the habitats of neons were discovered, and a little later, after many unsuccessful experiments, they learned to breed in captivity.

What are neons and how to distinguish them?

In nature, an elegant neon schooling fish lives in clean, soft water of water bodies rich in vegetation. In the home aquarium of these active pets should be kept with a flock of up to ten individuals, as they need a society of fish of their own species, with which mobile aquarium inhabitants have fun, swimming mainly in the depths of the aquarium.

There are different in color neons - blue, red, black, blue. The blue variety is distinguished by a blue stripe, which passes to the tail in a violet or green color.

A distinctive feature of red fish is the presence of a bright red color in the lower part of their body.

Representatives of the blue variety of exotic pets do not have red tones on the body at all.

And for black ones there is a narrow blue stripe on top and a wide black stripe goes along the bottom of the body.


Neon fish: care

Neon pet aquariums do not differ in the complexity of care, and to overcome this simple science by the forces of the most unsophisticated aquarist. The most comfortable temperature for fish is from 18 to 23 ° C. A higher temperature indicator of aquarium water provokes accelerated aging of the pet's body, which may cause it to die without producing offspring.

The diet of neons should be varied, with a partial entry of dry live food and:

  • bloodworm;
  • a pipemaker;
  • small varieties of daphnia;
  • finished dry food;
  • semolina;
  • gruel, consisting of lettuce leaves, duckweed and spinach leaves.

It should be borne in mind that fish obesity inhibits their reproduction, and therefore, feeding should not be frequent. It is enough once a day with one fasting day a week.

Neon fish: content

Moving neons are very shy, which causes them to keep a flock, and this gives a decorative aquarium. A thirty-liter tank with abundant vegetation is an appropriate housing for neons. If the reservoir is aerated, then 1.5 liters of volume is enough for one individual; without air blowing, one pet should have at least 3 liters of aquarium volume.

Planting aquatic plants optimally placed in the back, as well as the side walls of the tank. However, you need to know that free space for movement of neons is also necessary.

Compatibility

As neighbors for small inhabitants of a household reservoir it is necessary to consider the same undersized creatures. Will fit:

  • catfish;
  • gupi;
  • danios;
  • Minors and other peace-loving inhabitants of the reservoir.

But larger fish, for example, adult scalar, barbus, cichlid may quite once have lunch with neon malyuzga, therefore they are unsuitable as companions for your pet.

Neon fish: breeding

These inhabitants of the domestic reservoir become sexually mature by their performance of 7-12 months. For spawning and trouble-free breeding of fish (the number of pairs depends on the volume of the spawning grounds) is deposited in a separate container of 10 liters with soft water. Spawning occurs fairly quickly - during the night or during the day.

When the adults appear on the bottom of the calf, they are deposited back into the aquarium, and the water in the breeding ground is cast to a level of 10 cm, and after five days the container with small neons can be lit. Larvae become independent by this time, begin to swim and feed.

In the general aquarium a new generation can be released at the age of one and a half months.

If you follow all the above rules for the maintenance and care of aquarium neon (providing a varied diet, timely cleaning of the reservoir and changing water, the optimal choice of neighbors in the aquarium), your pets will live a long time, delighting you with a bright exotic color.

As the spawn of neons, we look at the video:

Neon Content Rules

Neon aquarium fish are popular pets. The most common in domestic aquariums are neon or blue gay fishes (Latin Paracheirodon innesi). Natural habitat - freshwater rivers of South America. For the first time, neons were cultivated in the 30s of the twentieth century, after which the demand for them does not stop. Blue neons live in a flock, which creates an impressive view inside the aquascape. The neon fish has a fantastic appearance: on the silver body you can see a horizontal, neon strip that flickers even at night. Also, all types of neon differ in their peaceful disposition, unpretentiousness in maintenance and care.


External characteristics

Neon ordinary are small flocking fish, whose body size reaches an average of 3 cm. Neon differ in a bright blue stripe that passes through the entire body. Parallel to it is a stripe of bright red color, which comes from the middle of the body, and ends at the caudal fin. All fins are small, transparent.

Sexual dimorphism is expressed - the females are fuller, which is noticeable in the school of fish, the abdomen of the males is flat, against the females they look angular. Sex can only be determined in adults, at an early age it is almost impossible. It is better to buy a little flock of 6-8 fish, and with time pairs will form in it.

The content of this fish is preferably in a spacious, densely planted aquarium with a dark ground. Place enough snags and shelters in the tank, creating a semblance of a natural biotope. Prefer soft and subacidic water. Life expectancy in captivity - 1.5-3 years, depending on what kind of care they will be provided.

The most common disease of this type is plystiforosis (neon disease). Its symptoms are loss of scale color and further death, since the disease is not treated. It occurs as a result of severe stress and inappropriate care.

Look at the neon fish and danios in the aquarium.

Maintenance and Care Rules

Neons are not suitable for new, recently launched aquariums. Although they are distinguished by their endurance, their small body will hardly endure drastic changes in the aquatic environment. Run these fish into an aquarium with prepared, infused water, where the eco system is already installed. Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 18-24 degrees Celsius, acidity 5.5.-7.5 pH, hardness 8-10 ° on average, although they can transfer and 20 °.

In the natural waters of South America, neons live in dark water, at the bottom of which there are many fallen leaves and plants. It is important to create a diffused light in the aquascape, to install stones, plants and snags that would obscure the space. As the soil, you can choose dark sand, against which the fish will look beautiful. The maintenance and care in an aquarium will not make it difficult even for a novice in aquarism. Maintain the temperature of the water, siphon the bottom in time and clean the water, making water changes once a week, 25% of the total volume. Use external and internal filter.


Neons are unpretentious in feeding - they eat live, frozen, artificial food, but small, because they have a small mouth. Pay attention to the fact that neons float in the bottom layers of the tank, so all the food should fall slowly and not dissolve in water. It is preferable to give chopped tubule, Artemia, Daphnia, Cyclops, feed with vegetable components. It is better not to overfeed with a crank, you can also buy feed for small tetras, which will make the color of the fish more vivid.

All types of neon are distinguished by non-aggressive behavior, they do not touch their neighbors in the aquarium, they easily get along with peaceful and small fishes. With the wrong settlement (with predators, large species), become their victims. Get along well with the scalars, if they grew up with them from the age of young. They live beautifully with corridors, specialties, iris, tetras, cardinals, labo and other civilians of the underwater world.

Watch the video about the red neon content.

Varieties: short description

Black neon is an endemic of the Brazilian rivers Rio Paraguay and Rio Taguari. Nowadays, this species is bred on fish farms and in domestic aquariums, the sale of caught fish from rivers is prohibited. In appearance it resembles blue neon, however, the color of the strip on the body is not blue, but dark. Body size - 4 cm in length. The water in the biotope of a natural pond is colored dark due to fallen leaves and branches on the bottom. Therefore, the content of such fish involves the creation of a natural biotope. Line out branches and leaves at the bottom of the tank; you can add a little peat extract to dye the water and create a weakly acidic, mild aqueous medium. Recommended water parameters: temperature 22-28 degrees Celsius, acidity 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 2-15o. Feeding preferably varied.

Red neons - different original color of the body. The color of the back is olive-beige, from the eye of the fatty fin there is a horizontal luminous strip, which changes its color depending on the spectrum of the light. On the side of the body there is a bright red stripe. The fins are all transparent and small. Like blue neon, females are denser and rounder than males. These are schooling fish, the content of which is possible in a shoal of 6-8 fish each. Caring for them is easy even for a beginner - they tolerate small changes in water parameters. They prefer diffuse light, partial shade, and are very sensitive to bright light.


Green neon is a small schooling fish, which is also endemic to South American rivers. Mostly caught in the nature of fish are on sale. Thanks to endurance and high adaptability, they are well acclimatized in captivity. Body color is bluish-green, and flickers with multi-colored highlights, depending on the spectrum of light. The body length is 3-3.5 cm. Green neon does not like water with high acidity and hardness. Acceptable parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 22-27 degrees, acidity 4.0-6.5 pH, hardness 0-8o. It is recommended to feed with artemia, daphnia and frozen feed.

Neon fish care breeding description photo compatibility.

Neon fish: care

Neon pet aquariums do not differ in the complexity of care, and to overcome this simple science by the forces of the most unsophisticated aquarist. The most comfortable temperature for fish is from 18 to 23 ° C. A higher temperature indicator of aquarium water provokes accelerated aging of the pet's body, which may cause it to die without producing offspring.

The diet of neons should be varied, with a partial entry of dry live food and:

  • bloodworm;
  • a pipemaker;
  • small varieties of daphnia;
  • finished dry food;
  • semolina;
  • gruel, consisting of lettuce leaves, duckweed and spinach leaves.

It should be borne in mind that fish obesity inhibits their reproduction, and therefore, feeding should not be frequent. It is enough once a day with one fasting day a week.

Neon fish: content

Moving neons are very shy, which causes them to keep a flock, and this gives a decorative aquarium. A thirty-liter tank with abundant vegetation is quite suitable for neon housing. If the reservoir is aerated, then 1.5 liters of volume is enough for one individual; without air blowing, one pet should have at least 3 liters of aquarium volume.

Neons

Planting aquatic plants optimally placed in the back, as well as the side walls of the tank. However, you need to know that free space for movement of neons is also necessary.

Neon multiplication

Neon reach sexual maturity by eight months and retain the ability to spawn up to 4-5 years, of course, provided they are kept in conditions that are optimal for them. . Feed at this time should be strenuously and varied, be sure to include in the diet of live food. For dilution of neons, prepare a one-piece glass container with a volume of 10-20 liters.

Disinfect it and fill it with distilled water. Add to the same 200 ml of water from the aquarium, which contains neons. At the bottom of the spawn, put a bunch of Javanese moss (if you are 100% sure that there are no snails on it) or a nylon washcloth.

The main thing in the breeding of neons - to properly prepare the water. Neon spawn can be put off in any water (even in the general aquarium), but its fertilization is possible only in soft water (up to 3 °). Optimally, the stiffness is about 1 °. Neons prefer to spawn in slightly acidic water (pH 5.5-6). You can acidify it with folk remedies - for example, a decoction of alder cones, peat decoction, or you can use special preparations (there is plenty of them now available for sale).

Blow-up in spawning do not very strong, raise the temperature to 25-26 and you can run the manufacturers. Shade aquarium for breeding, leave only one corner dimly lit to see spawning results. In the morning everything should be done. The bulk of the roe should be on and under the substrate. It is necessary to plant the producers back into the general aquarium, and shake the eggs gently from the substrate to the bottom.

The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 7-10 cm and add antifungal medication (for example, methylene blue or General Tonic). At a temperature of 25, caviar develops 36-48 hours. The fry first hang on the glass, then begin to swim. It is very difficult to feed juvenile neons. At an early age, the fry of neons see very poorly, they have only developed a focus on light - phototaxis. This and need to use for feeding. The entire aquarium should be darkened, leaving only a single ray of light.

Infusoria necessary for feeding fry will accumulate in the illuminated place. With such lighting, the fry of neons will not go hungry, they, getting into a cloud of ciliates, begin to actively feed. This makes it possible to save all the young. Gradually, the fry are transferred to feeding on the nauplii of artemia and rotifers, and later on to small cyclops. Gradually, it is necessary to increase the hardness of the water in the spawn with fry, adding a small portion of water from the common aquarium every day.

NEONS

Neon aquarium fish

The aquarium fish neon blue or ordinary (lat. Paracheirodon innesi) has long been known and very popular. His appearance in 1930, he created a sensation and did not lose popular until our days. A flock of blue neons in an aquarium creates a fascinating look that can not leave indifferent. Perhaps, beauty with neon, can not argue any other fish from tetr, nor similar black neon, nor cardinal, nor erythrosonus. And besides beauty, nature gave neons a more peaceful disposition and high adaptability, that is, he did not need any special care. These factors made him so popular.

This small tetra is an active schooling fish. They feel most comfortable in a flock of 6 individuals, it is in it that the brightest colors are revealed. Neons are very peaceful and desirable inhabitants of common aquariums, but they need to be maintained only with medium-sized and equally peaceful fish. Small size and peaceful disposition, bad helpers against predatory fish!

Best of all, blue neons look in densely planted aquariums with dark soil. You can also add snags to the aquarium to create the look most similar to the one in which they live in nature. The water should be soft, slightly acidic, fresh and clean. Neons live about 3-4 years under good conditions in the aquarium.

In the right conditions and with good care, aquarium neon fish are fairly disease resistant. But, nevertheless, like all fish, they can get sick, even there is a disease of aquarium fish, called neon disease or plytiphorosis. It is expressed in blanching the color of the fish and further death, because, unfortunately, it is not treated.

NEON AQUARIUM FISHES

Habitat in nature

Neon ordinary was first described by Gehry in 1927. They live in South America, home to the Paraguay, Rio Takuari, and Brazil basins.

And to nature, blue neons prefer to inhabit the slow tributaries of large rivers. These are rivers of dark water, flowing through dense jungle, so that the sunlight in the water falls very little. They live in flocks, live in the middle layers of the water and feed on various insects.

At the moment, neons are very widely diluted for commercial purposes and are practically not caught in nature.

Description

This is a small and slim fish. Blue aquarium fish neoWe grow up to 4 cm in length and they live about 3-4 years. As a rule, you do not notice their death, just a flock of year after year less and less.

Neon highlights first of all the bright blue stripe going through the whole body, which makes it very noticeable.And by contrast to it, there is a bright red stripe, which starts from the middle of the body and goes to the tail, slightly approaching it. What can I say? Easier to see.

Compatibility

By themselves, blue neons are a wonderful and peaceful fish. Never touch anyone, peaceful, get along with any peaceful fish. But here they can fall prey to other fish, especially if it is a large and predatory fish, such as a gray sword or a green tetradon. Can be contained with a large, but not a predatory fish, for example, with scalars. And mollies. With what fish do neons get along? With guppies, patsils, cardinals, swordtails, iris, barbs and tetras.

GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.

Neons

Gender differences

Distinguishing the male neon from the female is quite simple, even though sex differences are not very pronounced. The fact is that females are noticeably fuller, especially in the pack, where males with their flat tummies look thin. Unfortunately, this is manifested only in adult fish, but since you need to buy a flock of neons, couples will still be there.

Feeding

What to feed the neon? Simply feed, they are unpretentious and eat all kinds of food - live, frozen, artificial. It is important that the feed was medium-sized, as they have a rather small mouth. Favorite food for them will be bloodworms and tubers. It is important that feeding be as diverse as possible, this is how you will create conditions for health, growth, bright neon color.

MOLLINESIA CONTENTS FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADS CARE DESCRIPTION

Blue neon - feeding HD video

100 red neon in the aquarium - HD video

Neon fish: care and maintenance. Neon aquarium: fish compatibility

In the modern world, an aquarium is becoming more and more popular. This rather interesting piece of furniture can be found not only in large-sized apartments and offices, but also in fairly modest rooms or offices.

What is the reason for such unprecedented demand? Select any one factor is quite difficult. However, above all, aquarium fish among nonprofessionals are valued because of their unpretentiousness to feed and the extraordinary ability to have a calming effect even on the most excited person.

Who lives now in an average aquarium? As a rule, these are somas, guppies and neons. Care and maintenance do not require special skill.

This article aims to acquaint readers with, perhaps, one of the most mobile types. So, the fish is neon. What do we know about her? Unfortunately, not so much. And in vain. This inhabitant of the underwater world is interesting enough, and you can actually talk about it indefinitely.

By the way, according to experts, if you just decided to do aquarism, remember, what you need is a neon fish. Maintenance and care will be easy, and the experience you will get is almost invaluable.

General information about the fish

Neon aquarium, as well as almost all the fish living in apartments and offices, have a prototype that lives in large quantities in the wild. In this case, the natural environment can serve as streams and rivers of Brazil, Peru, Colombia and South America.

In places where neon fish is found, as a rule, very soft and clean water, which is abundantly saturated with substances released by fallen trees. Accordingly, in home or office aquariums it is recommended to create similar conditions.

Neons, the compatibility of which with other species, as a rule, does not cause much trouble, these are small and rather peaceful inhabitants of the underwater world, having a bright attractive color, green-blue eyes and transparent fins. They are very quick and swim in flocks closer to the bottom. Fish grow as much as 4 cm in an aquarium. Their peculiarity is the presence of a brilliant blue band running through the whole body.

Red, black and blue fish of this species can be kept in aquariums.

Neons Care and maintenance. How to prepare the water and soil?

These fish live well in aquariums of completely different sizes. The water temperature can be in the range of 18 to 28 ° C, but ideally the most suitable should not warm up above 20-24 ° C. In such conditions, neons can live in the aquarium for almost 4 years. At a higher temperature, they will quickly age and, accordingly, will please the owners much less.

Neons, the care and maintenance of which does not imply any additional skills, are not particularly demanding on the composition of the water and the amount of oxygen in it, but still it is best to use soft peat water.

Favorable effect on the fish presence of a huge number of living plants.

For purely aesthetic reasons, it is better to use dark soil in aquariums, since on its background neons show bright color better.

Under conditions of poor maintenance and stress due to transplantations and transportation, the fish may become completely discolored.

Combining fish without problems

Experts say that neon can not be kept in the same aquarium, along with aggressive species of fish, as they risk to be eaten almost immediately. In small aquariums, they also can not be kept together with goldfish.

It is worth paying attention to the fact that neons are schooling fish, so you need to buy at least 4 of them.

In the case of water saturation with air for this species, it is not necessary to create its flow, but rather use a special sprayer that creates the smallest bubbles.

We feed pets correctly

Neons do not need to be fed with any special food, any food will be suitable, both frozen or dry, and live.

By the way, the feed should be medium-sized, because the fish is small, and this, respectively, means that it can easily choke large. The types of feed should also be changed periodically, and once a week it is necessary to make neons a fasting day.

In addition, the fish do not need to constantly feed live bloodworms - they are very prone to obesity.

Neon - fish, the reproduction of which does not cause unnecessary trouble

Immediately, we note, the breeding of neons is quite a difficult task. Experts say that an inexperienced person cannot even distinguish the sex of a fish, because the differences between males and females are not too obvious.

The male is slightly smaller than the female, and the female, in turn, has a fuller belly. There is a difference in their neon strip: in the male it is almost flat, and in the female it is somewhat bent in the middle.

For spawning fish planted in a group. For breeding, high purity distilled soft water with the addition of cones or oak decoction is used. Water temperature should be at the level of 22-24 ° C and diffused light. In hard water, the fish do not fertilize.

Spawning usually happens in the morning, after that the fish are removed to the aquarium, and the light is completely removed from the spawning grounds, because the caviar of neon does not tolerate it.

For spawning, it is necessary to prepare the substrate. To do this, you can put a clean ball of fishing line or a bunch of willow roots in the spawning area and fix them with glass weights.

During the spawning period, neons, the care and maintenance of which require special attention, can put off almost 200 eggs. After one and a half days, the larvae form from the eggs, and after five days the larvae will turn into fry. After that, you need to return the light to the aquarium.

Fry need to feed the smallest food, and as they grow gradually add more hard water.

What are they sick of?

Neon - fish, reproduction of which takes place several times a year, amenable to all types of both infectious and non-communicable diseases.

In general, they do not tolerate stress, poor conditions of detention and the lack of schooling type of life.

It should be attentive, because Your pets may well get pistophoresis, unfortunately, an incurable disease that only their species is exposed to.

Red neon

Outwardly, this species is slightly larger than ordinary representatives and grows in length up to 4.5 cm. It has a slightly elongated body and a bright extensive red color on the entire belly.

The conditions of detention are the same as for ordinary neons. But it is desirable to change the water every two weeks. They are not very sensitive to fluctuations in water temperature and transplant. In captivity almost never breed.

The spawning conditions are identical, as for the usual neon species. The female may postpone up to 160 eggs for spawning, although, of course, the fry will appear far from all.

Black neon

The size of this type of neon is the same as the parameters of ordinary neon, but black has an excellent color. In body shape, it looks like a red neon, but it has an olive-brown back, and a shiny neon golden-green stripe stretches along its body. Below the main neon strip passes another one - with an uneven bottom edge.

The conditions of reproduction and maintenance are the same as for red neon, but it is worth noting that black neons are less demanding, therefore they are more suitable for beginner aquarists. Subsequently, it will be possible to have more capricious and capricious species.

What are the best neon fish fishes?

Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants. Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish. Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.


What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species. But one thing unites them - a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors. So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.

Settlement rules in a common aquarium

Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful. There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.

Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.

  1. Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
  2. Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them - the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
  3. You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
  4. Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
  5. Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.


  6. A territorial niche should be installed in the aquarium. That is, all types of fish should swim in certain layers of water - in the lower, middle or upper. So they will not interfere with each other. Neons, like somiki corridor, swim in the bottom layer of the aquatic environment.
  7. Neons love plants not as a delicacy, but as scenery or shelter, among which you can swim or hide. If other aquarium fish gnaw leaves, or are prone to such sabotage, neons can suffer greatly.
  8. During all diseases, the fish must be treated, and the treatment methods may not be the same for all fish. Some tolerate treatment with salt, copper, and others - no. Neons are not particularly sensitive to copper-based drugs. Therefore, their neighbors can become fish with the same portability. Then the treatment can take place in the general aquarium.

With whom neons can and cannot get along

Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.

See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.

Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.

Rasbory - can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.

Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia) - peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active. It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable. So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.


Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:

  1. Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, cockerels, koi carps - those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
  2. Goldfish - they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
  3. Angelfish - can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.

Neon black: content, compatibility, photo


Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi

Order, family: carps, haracinovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 20 - 24 ° C.

Ph: 5,5 - 8.

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.

Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fishes (neons, tetras, sword-bearers, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).

Useful tips: Popular, beautiful fish - I recommend.

Description:

Natural areola habitats - reservoirs of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay.

Neon is one of the most popular and famous fish. Bright, brilliant, nimble fish. Little - males up to 4 cm, females up to 5 cm. In length. Neon schooling fish, it is best to keep them in a spacious aquarium of 50 liters in a large group of 10 pieces. The more neons, the more beautiful your tank will be.

Conditions for keeping black neon descended from the conditions for ordinary neon. Comfortable water parameters for them: temp. 20 - 24 ° С, dН 0-30 and рН 5.5 - 8. When setting up an aquarium and planting a plant, one should keep in mind the free space for swimming of neons. It should be remembered that the higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the more rapidly the neons age. At high temperatures, they can grow old by the age of 1.5 years; at low temperatures, they live for 3-4 years.

Neon compatible with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant them with large fish and even more so with “predators”, even though neons and nimble fish, but they sleep at night, and their neon glow attracts non-sleeping aggressors.

Neons are omnivores: eat and live, and dry food and substitutes. Like many aquarium fish love live food. The peculiarity of neons in feeding is that they do not take feed from the bottom. Therefore it is necessary to feed them in small portions.

Reproduction of black neon is not so difficult., but requires knowledge, patience and perseverance. Sexual differences in neon: females are larger and longer than males by 0.5 cm.

For breeding black neons need a rectangular aquarium with a volume of 20-35 liters. At the same time, the water level in the spawner should be no more than 30 centimeters.

Comfortable parameters of water for spawning: dH 2.5-30, pH 6-6.5, temp. 24 ° C. Water is recommended to defend (thawed, distilled).

Spawning aquarium carefully washed. At the bottom put a separate grid or another. Aquarium obscure the sides and exclude the ingress of direct light.

Before spawning, black neon producers are not fed. At the same time young females with full tummy and active males are selected. They are usually planted in pairs. On 2-3 2-3 day spawning lasts 1.5-2 hours. The female spawns about 100-500 eggs. IMMEDIATELY AFTER UNATER, parents are deposited, otherwise the calf may be eaten.

At the beginning of the day, the larvae hatch from the eggs. The first day they are almost not mobile and hang in the input. Somewhere on the 4th day they begin to swim. Malkov from this period should be fed feed pounded to dust a little bit. Also add lighting gradually. Full coverage can be given only after full maturation.

The fry themselves are gray in color, with transverse dark stripes passing through the body. Young black neon grows very quickly. At about the 3rd week, neonchikas have a shiny and black stripes, they also get the color of the eyes. By the fifth week, the fry of black neon are completely similar to adult individuals. From this point on they can be kept in the general aquarium.

Young black neon susceptible to neon disease - Plysthophoresis. In case of illness, sick youngsters are killed. For the rest are monitored. The reason for this is the incurability of neon disease.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

RECOMMEND:
read an extensive article
ALL ABOUT NEONAH: history, content, types and features of breeding.
Black neon photo
Black neon video

Who do the neon fish get on with?

One of the most popular aquarium fish is neon. In their natural habitat, they prefer a slow current or standing water. They are calm, peace-loving schooling fish, which are very easy to keep in an aquarium. They are unpretentious and beautiful. But many novice aquarists are interested in who the neon fish get along with, because there are cases when larger individuals eat them. If you want to have neons, you need to know what conditions they need. After all, their activity and longevity will depend on this.


Neon fish - maintenance and care

Try to approximate the conditions of their content to the natural. The water temperature should range from 18 to 28 degrees, the lighting should not be bright, it is desirable to create shaded areas. These fish love a large number of living plants, hanging roots, snags, stones and other shelters. Most often they swim in the water column.

Neons are playful and active, but peaceful. Because of their small size, they grow up to 4 centimeters, and of bright color, they can become prey for larger and more aggressive fish. Therefore, before settling many different species in your aquarium, study which fish get along with neons. In addition, keep in mind that they love to live in packs, and it is undesirable to place very many individuals in one aquarium, especially a small one.

Neon content with other fish

Choose them the same peace-loving neighbors. Best of all, they get along with bottom fish, for example, with catfish. They live each in their own space and do not interfere with each other. This neighborhood is also useful due to the fact that neons eat food only in the water column, and the fallen ones are not picked up. That he did not pollute the water, we need such individuals who live at the bottom, for example, the corridor panda. Good compatibility of neon fish also with guppies, danios or minors.

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